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Full text of "Recreation"

HARVARD UNIVERSITY. 



1 




LIBRARY 

OF THE 

MUSEUM OF COMPARATIVE ZOOLOGY 

fgJ73 

Bequest of 
WILLIAM BREWSTER 



~~DjumsrJL^ H-. I^°- 




£=* 




^^ 



□ [WILLIAM BREWSTER 



DEC 4 



RECREATION 



A MONTHLY MAGAZINE DEVOTED TO EVERYTHING THE 

NAME IMPLIES 



VOLUME XX 
JANUARY TO JUNE, J 904 



G- O. SHIELDS (Coquina), Editor and Manager 



NEW YORK 
23 West. 24th Street 
1904 






Copyriciii. 1904, by G. O. Shields 



INDEX TO VOLUME XX 

"VoiUl de Track." Frontispiece 

The Passing of Lc Premier. [llustrated C maki es 11 Sawyer 3 

Juno, the Retriever | AMM L . Lancaster 7 

Lines to the Hound. Putin y rAt - Y E. I.aker 8 

Ben's Russian Cousin. Illustrated Bakom Paul Tcherkassov 

Luck to the Hunter. Poem MAUD M . II 1 kv 1 1 

A New Star in the Art World. [llustrated Ioiin M. Lkaiiy 13 

A Bear When a Buck Was Due. Illustrated Da. C. V Mallard 15 

Old Bill Gray's Story. Poem 1 James B. Adams 16 

Bounce, the Undertaker. Illustrated Mks. Lili.ik Pleas 17 

The Cow hoy's bong. I'oem ( | |,. x y 

One of Those Flowing Bowles. Illustrated H. P. GILLETTE 19 

By the Hardest Amos Grayson 21 

Kit, the Tale of a Mule. Illustrated Frank S. Ellsworth 23 

A Deer Accident |;. Boulder 25 

The 1903 Register. Poem Da. .1 S. Kennedy 

Antoine's Caribou K. W. Parkkr 27 

Men of the Sun and Rain. Poem R. B. N'atthass 27 

Mountain Badger. Illustrated Allan BROOKS 28 

Hiking in Rizal C'iias. II. Sn.\ 1. 29 

The \ew Army Rifle. Illustrated 31 

( )ur and Somebody's Else Buck Falcom 33 

Recreation. Poem N kd Nai E 35 

Bud Moose Bogged II. B. Mrow n 36 

The Owlet's Flight. Poem S. 11. M. 39 

Sharp Foreboding C. H. FURLONG 40 

A Day in the Rockies Bruce Lemmon 42 

Adventure with a Coyote Howard Carl 44 

Imagine the Thrill of Jumping Over Stumps, Rocks and Other Obstacles on a Narrow Trail ! Frontispiece 

Hunting White Goats in the Selkirks Fleanor Schavoir 85 

l'ho ographing in the Canadian Rockies. Illustrated G. O. Shields 89 

The True Story of the Xez Perce War 11. 15. Norton 99 

Fishing. Poem Emma O Curtis 101 

A l'ioneer's Adventure V. A Briggs 103 

The Enchanters. Poem George F. Winkler 104 

Down the Arbuckle River F. W. 1'orier 105 

Antoine's Cat F. W. Marker 107 

Take L's Afar. Poem Jeannette Campbell 108 

A Pioneer Reminiscence Miss M. L. Sutton 109 

Buffalo Hunting in Kansas '. Sturb 111 

The Haunted Mountain MOSES Thompson Jr. i 13 

The Pawnee Uprising of 1859 Howard W. Hell 115 

Hiawatha. Poem Jabox i 17 

The Hudson Bay Company S. A. Paddock 118 

Veneered Human Nature ('.rant \\ ALLACR 120 

Sea Trout Galore Gold Dust iaa 

An Impson Valley Fox Hunt K. J- >-" N,; '-'3 

A Master of Theory <■. A. \hu. i_'5 

The Other 2 Men Pushed on with 4 Dogs Irontispiece 

A Tale of Alaskan Hardships W.J. 171 

Where the White Coats Get Their Salt. Illustrated <■■ O. Mi inns 175 

The Sage Grouse Charles S. Moody 177 

Hears and Things Irank MOSSMAM 179 

An Eve for An Eye. Illustrated Meleagro 181 

The Modern Squirrel Hunter. Poem JOHN L. W OODEURY 183 

A Tale of the Woods <■ HARLE8 1 Murray 184 

A Florida Fishing Party ■ • • E. »• Lkf.tk ! °7 

Captain Joe Muffrau. Poem • • •••«. W . BRADLEY 188 

Baiting a Bear William J Lamptok 189 

Farlv Days on the Yakima ;•• J- K - N I1 KW roM '9" 

How Sam I'lvnn Was Cured of Office Seeking J*» »" ' |i rORB 193 

The Trumpeter Swan. Illustrated k ...An as I. rooks 194 

How I Lost Mv Gun Otto \ on STOCKHOOaRK 195 

Signs of Spring. Poem E.G )! kl, ! IAR|,s ! 9j 

The Dissolution of Abiiah Dusenbury • -D* '■■ *• *f£* |97 

On a Russian River. Illustrated BarOU Maul rCHEREASSO_> 199 



Mv Trip to W I'a Canyon ...EDWARD I ashman 201 

The Regeneration of Windy l " AR1 x f \Eg™" JS 

Fishing After Dark .....May M;H-: »7 

His Change of View. I'oem C andke A. BraMLR .08 

A Pilfering Grizzly ?"»" "■ gj J^Jg 

The Mustelle Family at Home • • • :. • »' VfJ"* 1 ... 

Some Adrenturea 0/ Minnie Mustelle, the Mink. Illustrated ". B. DROWN 

The Praxis of Salmon Angling • '" -'• " ™ -™ 

Red Breasted Merganser. Illustrated • •■ ■■) "g* *■ OOKS -'° 

Wild Animals and Birds in the Northwest. Illustrated ■ • • • • • • [•. u . ~ H **"*" '/__ 

1 he Brown 1 owliee. illustrated ' *• • 



PAGE 

Whip-Poor Will Poem. I. \ foHNSOM 279 

Joe i i Sl Clair Flats. Poem II. W. Bbadlxy 281 

In the Coast Ringe D. K. Wynkoop . 

lost. Illustrated Fred a. Hukt 

The Trouble! K.LATTOU A 

Hi- Imaginary Buffalo Faced Aboul and Raised Up, Fully 8 Feet High Feontisfie< 

A Race With a Grizzly M. c. 11 331 

rting in Sluggish Waters ]■'.. J. Unas 333 

Build a *. Illustrated G. < >. Shields 335 

Poem K. E. Wkbstkk 337 

Killed tin- lU-ar. Illustrated W. S. Britt 339 

The (>/.irk-. Poem I.. C. ElBBICE 340 

A Visit to Banquet Mountains John W. Bryan 341 

BOSS Trout Don I UfESOM 343 

the Angler. Poem Bi rsom B. Moore 34a 

T. J. Cl' NX INGHAM 345 

The Great Trout. Poem Hknry Crocker 349 

The Hunter's Duel Stanley May hall 352 

Alpine Animal? in Colorado W. II. Naxsoa 355 

Alii I R. Cra: B 

;>ing at Indian Lake Thomas A. Bennett 

A Hunt in the Big Hole Claren( k Jav 359 

to Use a Pocket Compass W. L. Mabels 361 

My Fin \\..rk. Poem Arthur S. Phelps 362 

An Evening Flight ol Bats Frontispiece 

Animal Life in a Cuban Cave Vugust Bi w k 397 

The New Method of Fencing. Illustrated F. Schavoib, M.D. 401 

Hard Eggs. Poem GEO. A. Williams. M.I). 41 1 

Snubbing E. J. Myers 41- 

Among the Islands of (ieorgian Bav. Illustrated May Bragdon 413- 

I Go A-fishing. Poem R. S. Stringfellow 419 

Pranks of Porcupines G. O. Shields 420 

An Apostrophe to My Canoe. Poem R- & Kirk 422 

Top of California '>• M. Ladd 423 

Summer. Poem William K. Bebby 434 

A Day on Lake Owen C. C. Haksins 4*5 

The Monarch of the Pool P- H. Rockwell 450 

me Fileda..4S, 127, aio, 289. 363. 4-T Forestry 67, 151, 236, 312. 443 

Fish and Fishing 50. 133. 217, 293. 369. 43^ Pure and Impure hoods. . 69. 154. 239. 314, 385. 446 

Guns and Ammunition. . 54. 137, 221, 297.3/3.436 Editor's Corner 73. 160, 244. 318. 388. 44§ 

iral Historj 61, 143, 229. 303, 378, 439 Amateur Photography. .80, 166, 250, 234. 392. 458 

The League of' American Sportsmen, Publisher's Note- 7'. 157, 242. 316, 387 

63. «47. 232, 307, 442 



o 

VOLUME XX. 
NUMBER 1 



JANUARY, 1004 



$1.00 A YEAR 
10c. A COPY 




The Passing of Le Premier; 



A Thrilling Story of the Canadian Wil- 
derness, by CHAS. H. SAWYER, with 
full page drawing byW.H. LAWRENCE 



rJ! 



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RECREATION 

Copyright, December, 1903, by G. O. Shields 
A Monthly Magazine Devoted to Everything the Name Implies 



$1.90 a Year. 

10 Cents a Copy. 



G. 0. SHIELDS (COQUINA), 
Editor and Manager. 



23 West 24TH Street, 

New York 



CONTENTS OF THIS NUMBER pace. 

"Voila! de Track." Frontispiece 

The Passing of Le Premier. Illustrated Charles H. Sawyer 3 

Juno, the Retriever James L. Lancaster 7 

Lines to the Hound. Poem Stacy E. Baker 8 

Ben's Russian Cousin. Illustrated Baron Paul Tcherkassov 9 

Luck to the Hunter. Poem Maud M. Huey ii 

A New Star in the Art World. Illustrated John M. Leahy 13 

A Bear When a Buck Was Due. Illustiated .. Dr. C. N. Ballard 15 

Old Bill Gray's Story. Poem James B. Adams 16 

Bounce, the Undertaker. Illustrated Mrs. Lillie Pleas i7 

The Cowboy's Song. Poem C.T.L. 18 

One of Those Flowing Bowles. Illustrated H. P. Gillette 19 

By the Hardest Amos Grayson 21 

Kit, the Tale of a Mule. Illustrated Frank S. Ellsworth 23 

A Deer Aooident B.Boulder 25 A Day in the Rockies Bruce Lemmon 42 

The 1903 Begister. Poem.. Dr. J.S.Kennedy 26 Adventure with a Coyote Howard Carl 44 



Antoine's Caribou E. W. Parker 27 

Men of the Sun and Rain- Poem..R. B. Nattrass 27 

Mountain Badger. Illustrated.. Allan Brooks 28 

Hiking in Rizal Chas. H.Stone 29 

The New Army Rifle- Illustrated 3r 

Our and Somebody's Else Buck Falcon 23 

RECREATION. Poem Ned Nate 35 

Bud Moose Bogged H. B. Brown 36 

The Owlet's Flight. Poem S.H.M. 39 

A Sharp Foreboding C H. Furlong 40 



From the Game Fields 45 

Fish and Fishing 50 

Guns and Ammunition 54 

Natural History 61 

The League of American Sportsmen 63 

Forestry 67 

Pure and Impure Foods 69 

Publisher's Notes 7 1 

Editor's Corner. 73 

Amateur Photography — 80 



Entered as Second-Class Matter at New York Post Office, Oct. 17, 1894. 





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measured off, and it did snow be- 
night : a gentle, sifting fall that 
made good tracking. It ceased snow- 
ing after sundown, and camp was 
made. Next morning all impedimenta 
were stowed in a hastily constructed 
ciichc. and progress was resumed in 
light marching order. The log of the 
second day may he written with one 
word; tramp. It was dryly mono- 
tonous. Tired? That Indian, Gros 
Jean, could keep up a steady push for 

beyond forever, and then some. 

Through thickets, over rocks and ad- 
sc tangles of logs, tearing through 
heart-breaking masses of jagged dead 
limits and biting briars in the hrnle ; 
up precipitous boulders, clinging to 

roots and jutting crags I toiled, until 
hailed out of both ambition and wind. 
No man ever got a moose who did not 
earn him. 

How far did we go? Gros Jean 
said 15 miles. I should guess some- 
thing less than 500. What does an 
Indian, whose tendons are steel rih- 
bons, and who pumps wind with gutta 
percha bellows, know of miles? He 
measures distance by time, anyway, 
when old Sol was half way down 
the home stretch, that is, about 3 post 
meridian, we struck the fresh trail of 
8 moose, the tracks showing one giant. 

"Regard you, lc premier!" said Gros 
Jean. "Ah'll lak for see de horn of 
de an-mal dat mak dat beeg fit." 

Moose tracks have been seen that 

would compare favorably with a New 

England pancake, hut these looked 

. er than a full moon through a 

S< ptember haze. 

". Jrrctc done," said the Indian. 
We Stopped, and there, under the 

snow-laden branches of a giant fir, 
browsed a cow moose, broadside on, 

not 30 yards away. W< 1. The 

cow stood. I )id I sh< • t? "I gass not, 

ass if t." as m\ Franco-Indian 

would say. There were no horns on 

that head, and we were not out for 

meat. Besides, my permit -aid only 

one more mOOSe. She slowly made 
off, and. n«.t 1- ng after, the spoor of 



the "premier" separated from the 
others, trailing through a ravine. We 
fallowed in a circling course a while, 
when the guide stopped, and. pointing 
at the dipping sun, "De moose will 
soon mak' lie down for de sleep," he 
said. "Soon com' dark. What you 
goin' do about? Camp in snow 
wit'out blanket? No? Bon! We go 
hack. She's only 6 mile straight. 
To-morrow on de morn we tak' h'up 
dis-a-track an' fin' hull." 

That hack pedal trip to the base of 
Supplies was nerve wrenching. The 
advance and retrograde movements of 
that day reminded me of a hit of an- 
cient literature anent the King of 
France, who. on an occasion, marched 
up a certain hill to do dire things, only 
t<> about face on the summit and 
march down again. Supperless I 
tumbled into blankets under a rude 
brush shack and slept the dreamless 
sleep of overtaxed muscles, when a 
guttural voice and heavy hand shocked 
me into conscious being. 

"Mos' come day; we go for de 
moose," said the voice. 

"1 ) n the moose !" 

But only for a moment did tired 
nature revolt. 1 lope and ambition, 
twin spurs to all great deeds, returned 
with a copious draught of skitty- 
waugh-boo (Injun for rum), a smart 
ruhhing of the face with snow, and a 
hastily prepared snack. It was as 
murky as a smoke house, and I would 
have made for the North pole or any 
unmapped locality hut for the guide. 
Following him automatically I lurched 
along until, just as the dawn with 
faint pink splashes hegan to blush in 
the Mast, we came on the hoof 
tracks at the point where the premier 
had separated from the rest of the 
herd the previous day. The halfhreed. 
who had not fired a linguistic shot for 
nearly 3 hours, then delivered himself: 

"Now we leave de moos' mark. 
We go dis-a-wav," waving his hand 
in a different direction. "We shall 
fin' heem or de track jus' all de sam', 
hut we save seex t'ree mile, mebbe." 



THE PASSING OF LA PREMIER. 



This is the proper time and place to 
kowtow to the woodcraft, or moose- 
craft, of the humble ranger and guide. 
How did he know that, by leaving the 
broad trail and striking off into the 
untracked snow, he would again meet 
either the clearly marked course or 
the animal itself, and thus save a long, 
stern chase? His own answer is best. 
It was his "bizi-nesse." A man 
brought up with bear, deer, moose and 
the like, keeps tab on their habits and 
doings. While resting a moment on 
a stump, pumping oxygen for that last 
final clash, between gutturals and shat- 
tered habitant talk, Gros Jean said 
things from which the following de- 
ductions were made : 

A moose often travels all day in a 
more or less devious course, but as 
night draws on, it circles around until 
it comes back near its old track, at 
which point it lies down for its night's 
rest. In other words,* it makes a sort 
of loop at the end of this line, to finish 
its day's journey. It is thus in a posi- 
tion, while resting, to see, hear or 
smell any person or animal following 
its spoor, and at the slightest hint of 
danger it is off. The Indian, calcu- 
lating the time of day, knew about 
when the beast would begin to loop ; 
but he followed the turn in the course 
far enough to estimate the size«of the 
loop made by the bull, judging the 
whole circle by the arc traveled, so 
that, from the point where we stood, 
he could approximately calculate the 
direction and distance to be pursued 
in a straight line before striking either 
the track of the moose or its actual 
resting place. Nature taught, and un- 
skilled in mathematical lore, for he did 
not know a segment from a squash, 
and never heard of geometric arcs or 
subtending chords, yet following 
events proved the guide's roughly for- 
mulated hypothesis to have been cor- 
rect. 

Cautiously we made our progress in 
the untrodden snow. The ranger ad- 
vanced noiselessly, with neither the 
snapping of a dead twig nor the 



swishing of a limb. Imitating him, I 
also moved with caution, making 
noise enough, it seemed to one with 
nerves as tense as fiddle strings, to 
arouse the 7 sleepers had they been 
in the berth of the beast we were 
after. 

" 'Gardcz vous" at length muttered 
the savage, lapsing into Kanuck lingo. 
"Voila! De track." 

It was true. We had hit the trail. 

"Walk on de holes mak' by de bull 
fit so de snow not mak' crack an' scare 
de game. She mus' be ver' close, 
mebbe!" 

For 300 or more yards the advance 
was made slowly, cautiously, pain- 
fully. Suddenly Gros Jean clutched 
my arm. 

"Le premier!" he whispered, stab- 
bing the atmosphere in front with 
grimy forefinger. 

I looked. On the crest of a ridge, 
at least 400 yards away, lay the moose. 
Slowly lifting his mighty head, as 
if conscious that his habitat had 
been invaded by desecrating aliens, 
although the wind was coming from 
him, he sniffed the air with whistling 
nostrils as he ponderously rose to his 
feet. Ye gods, what a shape ! And 
antlers ! They looked like the spread 
of a full rigged ship. 

I choked off a nervous gasp and 
took sight. 

''Wait! Mak' near yet," breathed 
the guide. 

We closed the gap perhaps 150 
yards, still stepping in the hoof marks 
and crouching behind low, bushy 
cedars. The monarch swung his mam- 
moth head in our direction, and leaned 
as though to lurch forward. 

"Now," whispered Gros Jean. 
"Goin' ronne. mebbe." 

The crisis had come. All hardship, 
waiting and toil had led up to this 
crucial moment. I fired as steadily 
as T could, aiming behind the left 
shoulder. Thunder! I missed. I had 
not properly calculated the range. 
Quick as a lightning stroke the big 
cars flashed forward, the prehensile 



KIX'KI-.ITION. 



muzzle violently twitched, and the 
t creature, instinct with wild, 

brute curiosity and terror, looked like 
some huge, misshapen monster left 
tn.rn a prehistoric era. The 
pause was fatal. 1 knew 1 could not 
afford t<> wait. Whan-! spoke the 
ritle again, with not J seconds' inter- 
val between the reports. This time 
the moose made a wild leap into the 
air. and vanished down the rocks. 

"Bon!" -homed Gros Jean, "Ah'll 

5 you hit heem !" 

At last Gros Jean was excited. The 
emotional French strain in him for the 
time being dominated the stoicism of 
savage. IK' leaped forward, I fol- 
lowing, an excited second. Taking a 
header over a stump, 1 was busy a mo- 
ment, when 1 heard a war whoop, 
and. 

"I )is-a-way. M'sicu !" 

Then I saw my prize. He sat on 
his haunches, a ragged hole, from 
which pulsated the life blood, ripped 
in his side. His long, sinewy forelegs 
were spread wide apart, supporting 
the massive shoulders and ugly, ant- 
I head, which hung pendulously 
low. With expiring strength he 
floundered to his feet, only to fall 
again. He groaned in mortal agony, 
and. perhaps, who knows? with the 
shame of being conquered. Then the 
madness of death came on him; its 
glazing film dimmed the glory of his 



fiery eyes. The forest homestead, its 
green trees, its cliffs, its deep ravines 

and mossy glades, were fading, fad- 
ing. The heavy nostrils, flecked with 
bloody foam, quivered in a last spasm 
( t pain, and he fell. His rule through- 
out that vast primeval domain was 
ended, for the lordly beast was dead. 

How big was he? Oh, that's a 
guess ; but Gros Jean, who is a good 
Yankee in some things, puts the weight 
at 1,200. The horns, however, meas- 
ure exactly 63 inches from tip to tip 
and carry 33 points. The web is 16J/2 
inches wide. In the ordinarily large 
bull the palmated breadth is about 8 
inches. Am 1 right. ( iros Jean ? 

"Au-haugh. Oat moose her so heeg 
lak you did say. Lucky t'ing we did 
rat" her down de Maganasipi riiicrc 
to dis place, so de camp do see heem; 
hut some oder bod-dee. perhap. not 
beleeve you did git soche beeg feller." 

"Perhaps not," was the answer. 
"But as you once pointedly remarked. 
my friend, 'n-importc' That makes 
little weight with one whose soul is 
conscious of rectitude. Skepticism 
is the homage which envy pays 
to success. That majestic shape 
hangs on yonder tree to refute the 
baseless charge of skeptics that its 
magnificent proportions were con- 
jured up in imagination. N'cst ce 
pas, Gros Jean ?" 

"Au-haugh," said the guide. 




»W»TfU« PMOTO §Y C. C. S* 

NIGHT HAWK. 



One of the :.'"th Prize Winners in Recreation's 7th Annual Photo Competition. 



JUNO, THE RETRIEVER. 



JAMES L. LANCASTER. 



Before leaving here last November for 
my usual Autumn visit to my plantations 
in Virginia, 1 had given orders to my man- 
ager to put Juno, my 3 year old retriever, 
in the hands of her trainer, so she might 
have some held work before I should ar- 
rive. Recollecting her past history I ex- 
pected great things of her. 

The morning after my arrival the trainer 
and I mounted our horses, taking with us 
on another horse a boy to carry extra 
shells and luncheon, and* any game we 
might be fortunate enough to kill. 

1 found quail abundant, more so than 
for several years past. Juno was perfectly 
aware of the duty expected of her and 
anxious to perform it. She ranged well 
in front of the horses, moving rapidly and 
covering the ground thoroughly. I soon 
ascertained that she is careful and staunch, 
and is a first class retriever. She never 
failed to find and fetch the dead bird 
promptly, and it was useless to insist on 
"dead bird," for if she did not get it and 
bring it in at once there was no dead bird 
to be brought. 

During the first day's hunt, and a little 
before noon, a covey of quails flushed wild 
and flew into a sedge field containing a f w 
scattered pine trees. It was a good place 
to shoot single birds, as they lie close in 
the sedge, and the pines interfere but little. 
We followed, and after good work by 
Juno and fair success on our part, she 
pointed again. That time the bird flew to 
the left and was shot by the trainer. 

At the word the dog bounded forward, 
picked up the bird and was returning when, 
with the quail in her mouth, she once more 
came suddenly to a stand. She held the 
point steadily while we gazed at her in 
admiration. Then, feeling that it was not 
fair to the dog to hold her longer on point, 
we closed in, and I kicked the bird out of 
the sedge. 

Both of us fired and the bird fell, seeing 
which Juno bounded forward and, still 
holding the first bird in her mouth, made 
desperate efforts to pick up the second. 
Failing in that, she left it where it lay, 
brought in the. bird she already had, then 
went back and fetched the other. A few 
minutes later, when at lunch, we gladly 
shared the best we had with Juno. 

I have been in the field almost every 
fall for the past 20 years, but until then 
had only once seen a dog stand a live bird 
while holding a dead one in his mouth. 
That was when I was a boy. T afterward 
described the scene to an old man who did 



not know much about dogs, especially 
pointers. He listened, smiled, and then 
said : 

"1 have always heard that if you want to 
make a first class liar of a boy you have 
only to give him a gun and a p'inter." 

For a long time afterward I was shy of 
telling about that incident. 

I do not now think it worth while to 
explain this statement to sportsmen ; but 
as some people, not sportsmen, who read 
your magazine, might be inclined to agree 
with the old man, I add this explanation : 

The pointer's nose is trained to the scent 
of the live bird. This the bird will lose, 
in cold weather, in a few seconds after 
death ; so the dead bird in the dog's mouth 
does not prevent him from smelling the 
live one. It may confuse the scent some- 
what and render it less emphatic, but does 
not make it indistinguishable, especially at 
close range. 

A dog with the best of noses often has 
difficulty in finding a dead bird. He will 
run over it again and again, finding it only 
by the closest search and then frequently 
by sight. 

There are certain disadvantages in al- 
lowing a dog to flush birds, which over- 
balance any advantage gained by permit- 
ting him to do so. A dog that is allowed 
to flush can never be a good retriever. In 
the act of flushing birds, the dog's atten- 
tion is engrossed with that alone, and he 
loses sight of or fails to notice the falling 
bird. This often means a long search for 
dog and hunter, in order to find the bird; 
while if the hunter flushes, the dog soon 
learns to watch for the bird, and has little 
or no trouble in finding it. The dog should 
see the bird when hit and while falling, if 
he is to do his best work as a retriever. 

I saw Juno on one occasion bringing in 
a dead bird when another bird got up and 
was killed. She saw this bird fall, and 
instantly dropping the bird she had in her 
mouth, knowing, I believe, that she could 
easily find it again, rushed off to get the 
bird she had marked down. When she 
had brought that one in, she went back 
and promptly fetched the other. 

A good retriever usually marks the 
falling bird, knowing that if the eye be 
taken off the spot there may be much 
trouble in finding it. Good sight, added to 
keen scent, makes a good retriever. 

T would count a retriever of little value 
if I had to spot the falling bird and then 
show the dog where it fell, only to see him 
pick it up and bring it to me. The value 



s 



RECREATIOX. 



of a retriever lies in its ability to do all 
this without mce, and therein Juno 

els. 

The dog should stand to a flush and not 
k to shot ; neither should he go tor- 



ward until told to do so. But no "down 
charge !" while you flush the birds. Your 
dog must stand and watch them as they 
so that he may find and retrieve the 
dead bird promptly. 







AU»-E.R »MOTO *Y WM. » UAGEE. 



DUKE, POINTING. 
Winn- I Prize in Recreation's Ttli Annual Photo Competition. 



LINES TO THE HOUND. 



STACY E. BAKER. 



Sad eved. he sits and dreams of days gone 

And wonders if he's lost that subtle knack, 
That made him in his youthful master's 

The pride and praised of all that famous 
pack. 

The bounds! Tin hounds! Mad with the 






1 hunter foot hoi 

The chase! The chase! All join the chase! 
The fleeting red fox names the course. 



Don's hunting days, alack, have long since 
passed ; 
He of the pack is left alone. 'Tis morn, 
lie stretches stiffened limbs, his breath 
comes fast ; 
He trembles as he hears the hunter's horn. 

The death ! The death ! With live blood 
Hush. 
Survivals of this reckless chase! 
The brush ! The brush ! Who gets the 
brush ! 
Who, who. but she who set the pace. 



BEX'S RUSSIAN COUSIN. 



BARON PAUL TCM KKKASSOV. 
Photo by the Author. 



Herewith I send you a photograph of 
Forester Yakhimovitch and his bear cub, 
as a pendant to Ben's likenesses, adorning 
the July issue of Recreation. Yakhimo- 

vich's cub rejoiced in the name of 
Mishka, Mikey, as male bears generally arc 
styled, the female ones being usually called 
Mashka, Molly. Mishka is represented 
begging for sugar, for which he had a 
weakness. He had the run of the house 
and of all the premises in Bobrovka, Dis- 
trict of Altai, Western Siberia. It was 
rare fun to see him, during meals, rear up 
on his hind legs and beg for something to 
eat, emphasizing his begging attitudes with 
a droll kind of mumbling, his little, yel- 
lowish eyes glistening like sparks. What 
his subsequent fate may have been, I do 
not know, but am afraid it has been sad, 
like that of almost all bear cubs kept in 
captivity, of which I have heard, or which 
have come under my personal observation. 

Some 6 or 7 years ago a country neigh- 
bor presented a bear cub to my children 
in my absence. I should have declined the 
present, on the strength of my unsatisfac- 
tory experience with pubs of wild beasts 
kept as pets ; but as my family spend the 
summer and autumn on our estate in the 
Province of Yaroslav, while my sojourn 
rarely exceeds one month, I did not know 
anything about this addition to the family 
circle until I went for my holiday. 

One evening in July I reached home, 
after a drive of 45 or 50 miles over most 
disgusting roads, thoroughly broken up, 
having had to make the journey in a rough 
and primitive vehicle, besides being in 
poor health. It is only fair to say that 
things have greatly improved since then ; 
12 or 13 miles to the nearest railway 
station, roads fair and health ditto. Not 
feeling up to much after my journey, I 
took my evening meal with the family, and 
went to bed early, enjoying the prospect 
of a good night's rest. In this I was, how- 
ever, disappointed. My sleep is always 
light, especially the first few nights after 
a radical change of surroundings. Soon 
after dawn, that is, about 4 a. m., it was 
broken by a short, bleating sound near the 
house. I sat up in bed, annoyed by 
this disturbance and unable to account for 
it, as I knew there were no sheep on the 
estate. From that time on I got no re<t. 
those confounded bleatings making sleep 
impossible and ceasing only toward 7 a. m. 
When my wife awoke and inquired how 
I had slept, I unfolded my tale of woe. 



"Oh, it must have been Mishka, calling 
for food !" she said. 

*'\\'ho is Mishka?" I asked. 

"Such a dear little bear cub! Mr. A. 
presented him to the children." 

I am fond of animals and of infants of 
all kinds in particular, but I mentally con- 
signed Mishka to a certain warm place, and 
Mr. A. too. 

However, I made Mishka's acquaintance, 
and we soon became good friends. He was 
a "nat-rally amoosin' cuss," like Artemus 
Ward's kangaroo, and we got no end of 
fun out of him. It was not always unal- 




TIIE FORESTER AND MISHKA. 

loved fun, though. Once he managed to 
pull his collar over his ears, and go on 
a reconnoitring tour. He got into the 
room of one of the maid servants, opened 
her chest of drawers, pulled out all her 
ses and spread them out on the tloor. 
Then some jars of preserves attracted his 
attention. He cleared them in a short time, 
getting the whole of his muzzle sticky, as 
well as his paws. He started cleaning 
them on the unfortunate dresses spread out 
on the floor, and there is no saying where 
his mischief would have ended, if the girl 



IO 



RECREATION. 



had not come in at that moment. There 

a scrimmage, howls, 
i 

r time, Mishka broke loose with 
ln> chain, under laughable circumstances. 
• rriage horses had escaped 

from the stables, and was cantering along 
the mad. quite forgetful of Mishka's where- 
abouts. Mishka was enjoying his after- 
i p, from which the sound oi the 

d him rather suddenly. 
He 1 Up and emitted the peculiar 

spitting, sound, which bears, at 
wig ones, utter when scared. The 
.: that moment emerging from 
behind a bush in the bend of the road. The 
sound <>f Mishka's hissing, and the sight 
of Ins chubby body standing erect with 
outstretched paw-, was too much for 
the hor- gave a terrified snort ami 

started hack for the stables as if il were 
chased by a pack of wolves. Mishka's 
live apparatus could not stand the 
shock. We call this kind of sudden indi- 
•n "a bear's tit" or "a bear's attack." 
Neither could the peg to which the end of 
the chain was fastened stand the sudden 
wrench Midika gave it. and off went the 
whole show like a streak of lightning. Up 
the trunk of a tall willow .Mishka tt re 
along, leaving unpleasant tracks behind, till 
he reached the upper fork of the tree. 
where he took a rest and tried to compose 
himself. The whole affair had taken place 
under my eyes, and it was SO utterly and 
istibly funny that I nearly hurst my 
laughing. My wife hearing me 
with laughter, came out. and to- 
gether we tried to persuade Mishka to 
come down. After considerable coaxing, 
i hi- descent ; hut that proved by 
far the more difficult part of the perfor- 
mance, lie had not descended more than 
a few yards, when the end ring of the 
chain caught in a fork. Mishka was an- 

n to pull for all he 
worth, with the result that he lost his 
ing and swung out int. 
or 8 bove the -round! Luckily, he 

managed to -mall bough which 

him a temporary support, hut it was 
Ut tin- would not last long. It began 
giving way und.r his weight, almost as 
hold of it. You can ima- 
gine we did no- the situation! For- 

• who looked after Mishka 
happened to come along just then. He 
manful!] led the tree, dodging Midl- 

and reamed him from death. 

incident, tl 

' n. noticing that Mishka enjoyed 

: ne hl9 finders, hit on the hrilliant 

iving him the tin of his tongue to suck. 

At first it tickled John, then it began to 

hurt, lie tried to rescue his tongue, but 



Mishka did not approve of it, and a scrim- 
mage ensued, in which John was sorely 
handicapped. lie set up a howl that 
brought us all to the scene ^i action, where 
we found Mishka firmly fixed to John's 
tongue. It took some manosuvring to sep- 
arate them, and poor John had a sore time 
of it for j or 3 days. His tongue was 
swollen to such an extent that he was un- 
able to stow it away comfortably in its 
proper place! 

In October, when my family were about 
to return to town, Mishka was sent back to 
Mr. A. He spent the winter there quietly, 
but in the spring he began his tricks. Be- 
ing allowed to roam about the premises, he 
began to appropriate articles of food 
which were not intended for him. One 
day the housekeeper caught him in the act 
of diving under the table with a choice 
melon to which he had helped himself 
while there was no one in the dining room. 
The result was a sound whipping for 
Mishka. 

Some days later, the housekeeper was 
walking in the orchard, when a big apple 
hit her hard on the right eye. The lan- 
guage she u>ed was, 1 am told, forcible, 
llowery and to the point, when she discov- 
ered Mishka sitting in a large apple tree, 
from which he had hurled the apple at 
her, with a wicked grin on his ursine mug. 

After that performance, followed by sev- 
eral others of a similar character, it was 
deemed best to lock Mishka up, and a 
roomy compartment was allotted him in 
thi' stables. At first there was some un- 
easiness among the horses, but they soon 
became accustomed to their new compan- 
ion, and all went well for a while. Then 
something went wrong with the horses. 
They would suddenly start kicking, and 
plunging, and snorting, several times a day, 
as if something had scared them; but when 
the stable boy went to see what was the 
matter he never found anything suspicious. 
Mishka was in bed. looking so sweetly 
innocent that it would have been a shame 
to suspect him of having caused the com- 
motion. One day. however, the groom no- 
ticed that the tails of some of the horses 
were looking thin. He suspected Mishka, 
and eventually caught him in the act of 
pulling the hairs out of the horses' tails! 

After this discovery Mishka was kept 
chained, and his temper grew rapidly 
worse, until finally he had to be killed be- 
fore he attained the age of 3 years. 

T am afraid that such is the fate of fully 
75 per cent of the bear cubs kept by private 
parties, and that is why T always energeti- 
cally protect against any attempts to make 
pets of them. Ben, Baby Sylvester, our 
Mishka, are a small percentage only of the 
number of cubs that have been petted and 



LUCK TO THE HUNTER. 



ii 



cared for through a more or less prolonged 
period, but have had to be disposed of or 
killed in the end. 

I am not sure, now, whether it was not 
a performance of our lamented Mishka, 
while living at Mr. A's, to teach turkeys 
swimming; and when the stupid things 



would not learn to swim, and scrambled 
out of the water on to the bank, clamoring 
their " Bother-other-otheration," to twist 
their necks for them, and to lay them out 
on the bank with a view to artistic effect. 
If not his doing, it was the trick of a cub 
I have been told about. 



LUCK TO THE HUNTER. 



MAUDE M. HUEY. 



A glorious morning, glittering jewels 

On blade and vine, 
Frost-drawn scents from spruce and cedar 

Hemlock and pine. 
Wind of the hillsides fanning to fullness 

The hunter's breath ; 
Snow enough to further his purpose 

Soft on the heath. 
Sapphire skies, and a sun of splendor 

Over the wood. 
Morn of wonder! Ah! but the all wise 

God is good. 



Hark! A sound in the dead twigs yonder, 

A timid stir. 
Luck to the hunter! See! In the bushes 

A bunch of fur. 
A hare! Ah! Steady! The hounds are 
after ! 

Be ready to fire ! 



Wildly plunging, their red jaws dripping 

With their desire. 
Will they find him? Crouching close to a 
boulder 

With beating heart? 
A quivering thing with wild eyes bulging 

And ears apart. 

Yes ! They are close ! Ah ! Now make 
ready ! 

Away ! Away ! 
Following, following; faster, faster, 

A streak of gray. 
Do they have him? No. A moment only, 

A flash, a sound, 
And a helpless form lies bleeding, quiv- 
ering, 

Flat on the ground. 
Eyes all glazed with the pain of dying 

Turned on the wood. 
Luck to the hunter ! Ah ! but the all wise 

God is good. 




AMATEUR PHOTO BY C. 8. CMAflN 



MISS MARY COXANT, ON LADY LOU; RECREATION AND SPORT FOLLOWING. 




AN fX EXPECTED MEETING. 




rANS OF THE NORTHWEST COAST. 

12 



A NEW STAR IN THE ART WORLD. 



JOHN M. LEAHY. 



Under separate cover I have sent you 4 
of my original drawings, which are the 
greatest pieces of art that have ever been 
produced. One glance at these master- 
pieces and you will forget that there are 
such men as Frederic Remington and Dana 
(lihson. 

First turn to "A Young Klondyker." 
This drawing represents Kit Carson, the fa- 
mous scout and minsr, when a boy. Notice 
the artistic touch to this picture. Also how 
firmly Kit has braced himself and how in- 




A YOUNG KLONDYKER. 

dustriously he is trying to dig himself out. 
When this drawing appears in Recreation 
subscriptions will come in by the car- 
load. 

Next comes "Hostiles." This drawing 
represents Daniel Boone, General Crook's 
famous scout, running across 2 Apaches. 
Mow Boone followed and scalped them is 
well known to every reader of frontier his- 
tory. Notice the artistic curve in the 
horse's tail. 



Next comes "Indians of the Northwest 
Coast." This drawing shows 2 Comanches, 
or Delawares, I do not know which, in their 
war canoe. Something has evidently at- 
tracted their notice ; but again I am at a 
loss, for I can not tell why they are looking 
in the direction in which their eyes are 
turned. 

We will now take leave of the 2 Dela- 
wares or Comanches, and pass on to "An 
Unexpected Meeting." This drawing rep- 
resents Israel Putnam's meeting with the 
advance guard of the British Hussars 
before he plunged down the declivity at 
llorseneck. The strongest point in this 
drawing is the thrilling manner in which 




HOSTILES. 



Mr. Putnam fingers his shooting iron, 
can see by this that he is going to do 
thing desperate right away. 



You 
some- 



Patient : I am afraid I haven't money 
enough to take this treatment, doctor. 

Doctor (stiffly) : Very well, sir. But 
if you get well without it, don't blame 
me. — Life. 

13 




THE ANIMAL FINALLY BURST FROM THE THICKET ALMOST ON TOP OF ME. 

14 



A BEAR WHEN A BUCK WAS DUE. 



DR. C. N. BALLARD. 



Last year I spent my vacation with 3 
companions in the pineries of Northern 
Michigan. We lodged with 2 woodsmen, 
a father and son, who, with their wives, 
occupied a log cabin in a deserted lumber 
camp. The first part of our stay was spent 
in hunting grouse, which were abundant, 
and in catching pickerel, black bass and 
trout. Our bill of fare was ample and 
varied, and often included venison. We 
had fine weather, with just enough snow 
and rain to keep the fallen leaves moist. 

The elder of our hosts devoted much 
time to trapping. For several da- s after 
our arrival he piloted me each morning to 
a place where he had a bear trap set. As 
he did not succeed in taking anything 
larger than a porcupine I finally lost in- 
terest in these morning trips, and amused 
myself in other ways. That there were, 
or had been, bears in the region was proven 
by a number of hides that hung about the 
cabin, but, as I have intimated, I lost hope 
of meeting Bruin in the flesh. 

The end of my vacation drew near, and 
as I was going out before the others, a 
big hunt was planned for my especial bene- 
fit. It was to be a record breaker in every 
respect. On the eventful morning came 
a light fall of snow, just enough for easy 
tracking. 

With a good lunch in our pockets 4 of 
us started for an all-day hunt. Just as we 
entered the woods up jumped a short 
horned buck. It was all too sudden, and 
in our unreadiness we shot over, under 
and all around him. He did not leave us 
even a lock of his hair. 

Then we separated to drive the woods. 
We saw several deer and fired a number 
of shots without bagging any meat. After 
we had beaten up several miles of thick 
brush 2 of my companions became dis- 
gusted and took the back track, leaving the 
old guide and me to continue. We went on, 
keeping several hundred yards apart. I 
soon found a deer track and followed it 
until I was tired. Coming to a tangle 
of logs I sat down to rest. When I 
started to climb over the pile of timber a 
big buck jumped up not 40 feet from me. 
The surprise and my fatigue were too 
much for me, and in the act of lifting my 
rifle I lost my balance and fell from the 
log on which I was standing. When I did 



get a shot it was at over 200 yards, with 
the buck going like the wind. He disap- 
peared, carrying his flag high, and I knew 
it was not worth while to follow. 

By that time I had lost my bearings com- 
pletely and the guide had to give me the 
line of our further march by compass. I 
was resolved to get game of some kind, 
and pushed ahead, though the hills seemed 
steeper and the tangle thicker than ever. 
Soon I came to a dense growth of willows 
in a bit of swampy ground. I climbed a 
pile of logs and stood leaning against a 
bush that seemed willing to help support 
a tired hunter. It was not long until I 
heard a crackling in the brush, faint and 
distant at first, but coming nearer. 

I crouched near the logs, expecting every 
minute to see the horns of a great buck. 
So sure was I of what was coming that I 
began speculating as to how I was to 
smuggle those horns to my home outside 
the State. The animal finally burst from the 
thicket almost on top of me, and I saw — not 
the expected horns, but 4 big black feet sup- 
porting a great black convexly curved 
body. A bear, and a monster, too ! It was 
my first experience with Ursus, and he 
looked a different proposition from any- 
thing I had solved. I had been told that 
a wounded bear was not a desirable play- 
fellow and the tangle around me was no 
place in which to attempt to cut down the 
running record. I concluded, however, 
that the chance was too good to lose. The 
bear lifted his head as if scenting me, and 
I put a soft nosed 30-30 bullet just 2 inches 
behind the base of his ear. 

I had heard that a badly wounded bear 
would at once roll on his back, with his 
feet up. It proved true in this case at 
least. Over he went, pawing the air wild- 
ly. A moment in that position ; then, 
with a struggle and a growl, he regained 
his feet and made off. I fired once more, 
the bullet taking effect in his back. Never- 
theless he went off at breakneck speed. 

When the guide came up we trailed the 
bear. It was an easy matter, though at first 
there was no sign of blood. Farther along 
we found some, and later, great clots of it. 
An eighth of a mile from where he was 
shot we came to the dead body of my first 
bear. 



In the spring the liar's fancy lightly 
turns to thoughts of fish. — The Pilot 
15 



OLD BILL GRAY'S STORY. 



JAMBS !'• ADAMS. 



The camp fire blazed with a merry light, 
Like ;i gleaming gem in the breast of night. 
And the group Ol hunters who sat around 
<d the hills and valleys to oft resound 

yarn and SOng 

Fell tt from each wagging tongue. 

Up the gulch from Us rocky lair 
The mountain lion, with restlc-s air. 

1 down on the BCene 80 weirdly 
5tl ' g 

And far n the ragged range 

A night owl hooted in weird surprise 

fa : . gj am of the lire met its owlish 

i \ i 
While a panther crouched in astonished 

•>• 
All undecided to run or stay. 
Twas a picture familiar to Western eyes, 
Yet strange would have seemed under 
stern ski 



ikuf o" grizzlies," said "Id Bill dray, 

;' hair a- he was "l name, 
akin' o' grizzlies, 1 want to say 
That I reek«»n I'd ort t«» know that same. 
An' speakin' <>' tenderfeet, I've heerd 

It said they will never hold their ground, 

'11 act as if summit slightly skeered 
At a hint that a grizzly's nosin' 'round. 
taught at a Eastern school 
Thar's alius exceptions to every rule. 



Mortimer King was the name 'at he 
Had struck right acrost a little card. 
An' when he handed the same to me 

I locked at the F.:i-tcrner purty hard. 
A little hit of a runty chap. 

With gl quinty e 

An' wearin* a sort of a striped cap. 

An' britches that fit him around the 
thighs 

the -kin of a an' socks I 

'ar. 
The I've heerd that wimmen folks 

w'ar 



He war' puffin 1 away at a cigaroot. 

An' when he ^aid 'at he'd like to stay 
With me till he'd run on a chance to shoot 

A grizzly, my laughin' string give way 
An' i squealed till 1 split my sides; hut he 

Never weakened a little, nor cracked a 
smile. 
But said he reckoned 'at I mout 

Him hold his own with the animile. 
So 1 tuk him into my cabin, jes' 
'Cause the cuss 'd amuse me, more or less. 

Twas fun fur to hear the little cu^s 

A leakin' language 'bout what he'd do 
Ef he tuk a hand in a grizzly muss. 

Why, boys, from a hunter's point o' view 
'Twas too ridiculous fur belief. 

But I let him talk to his heart's content, 
A sort o' feelin' he'd come to grief 

An' hit the trail to the rear, hell-bent 
The fust time we sighted a grizzly h'ar 
A trampin' around in the hills up th'ar. 

To shorten my story, we started out 

Xe\' day, a nosin' around fur game, 
An' .Mortimer King jes' a hlowin' Tout 

How keen he war fur to find the same. 
We hadn't tramped it a mile afore 

We hit a trail that w'ar mighty fresh ; 
It follered the gulch a ways, then bore 

To a thicket o' manzanita bresh, 
An' that feller's eyes begun to dance 
When I tol' him that now was his golden 
chance. 

Afore I knowed it that little cuss 

Duv into the hushes jes' like a dart, 
An' in half a second 1 heerd a fus 

That made me chilly around the heart. 
That ol' Winchester o' his give tongue 

To some lively harks in a spiteful way. 
An' the howls o' the wounded grizzly hrung 

My heart in my throat like 'twas th'ar to 
-lav. 
By Godfrey, pardners, T jes' tuk root 
To the ground; couldn't move cither hand 
or foot ! 



When T pot my senses I hurried in 

pectin' to find hut a chawed up dude, 
Fur all had become as quiet as sin. 

An' 1 'magined the h'ar was enjoyin' his 
d. 
f'.iit th'ar -too,] Mortimer, punchin' at 
A monster h'ar with his girlish foot, 

never givin' a skeery hat 
Vs he puffed away at a cigaroot; 
An' I llaosed when T heerd him sav, 

"How much will the bloody critter weigh?" 

16 



BOUNCE, THE UNDERTAKER. 



. MRS. LILLIE PLEAS. 



Having just returned home after a few 
days' absence, I was awakened from a rest- 
ful nap by sounds which had hitherto been 
foreign to our homestead. On going to a 
back window I beheld the cause of the un- 
usual disturbance. A bull pup, young and 
fat, sat at the foot of the back steps, howl- 
ing for admission to the house. The comi- 
cal appearance of his round body, benched 
legs and angular head struck me so forcibly 
that I laughed aloud. At this he turned 
on me a face seemingly full of solemn 
reproof, then in strident but resolute tones 
he gave the rebel yell, and charged the 
steps. Becoming interested, I lingered to 




*i^ 



A BROAD GAUGE ITP. 



watch the result of his designs on the back 
door. 

He took the first step with little difficulty, 
but at the second he missed his footing and 
fell back to his first position. Without a 
minute's delay he collected his forces and 
charged again, taking several steps with a 
grand rush. An attempt to finish the as- 
cent brought fresh disaster, for he made 
a false move, his pothooks failed him and 
he fell to earth again. After several vain 
attempts he sat down at the foot of the 
steps to reconnoitre.. He gained fresh 
courage as he viewed the scene of his re- 
pulse, and soon went to work again with 
more deliberation. At last he reached the 
top step, but there a new difficulty con- 



17 



fronted him. The door was closed. There 
was no landing, and the footpiece was too 
narrow to accommodate even a small bull 
pup. Nothing daunted, he lunged at the 
closed door, but, alas, it yielded not. He 
fell back, and his little round body seemed 
fairly to bounce on the steps as he des- 
cended, without a whimper, to sprawl at 
the bottom, defeated on the very thresh- 
hold of victory. 

This incident gave him a name, for he 
was thenceforth known as Bounce. 

Finally I let him in, and installed him 
as a member of the household, where he 
proceeded to make himself thoroughly at 
home. 

As he gained in size he became even less 
comely to look on. He acquired better 
control of his legs, and could mount the 
back steps successfully, but he lost his 
plumpness, and became in appearance what 
a sculptor would call " blocked out." His 
lips looked as if the drawstrings had been 
broken, for they hung loose in several 
places, and his glistening teeth seemed to 
belie the friendly but almost imperceptible 
wag of his thumblike tail. 

The desire for occupation and diversion 
common to all puppies found peculiar ex- 
pression with Bounce. He formed the 
habit of gathering rubbish, or even useful 
articles from the house, and burying them 
in a corner of the back yard. Rags, bones, 
broken crockery, etc., all went to Bounce's 
burying ground, and sometimes good shoes 
and hats had to be rescued from an un- 
timely interment. His movements were 
always deliberate, and on these occasions 
he assumed an extra dignity. His face, 
serious at all times, would then wear a 
most solemn expression, so that he soon 
became known among us as Bounce, the 
Undertaker. 

On one occasion, while seeking material 
for a funeral, he chanced on a small 
wooden hoop. He had passed many an 
hour playing with this same hoop, and had 
seemingly become as much attached to it 
as any child to a toy. It had once caused 
him keen delight by accidentally rolling 
down a small incline, and he tried for half 
an hour to induce it to roll again. It had 
a mysterious way of entangling itself with 
his feet when he was at play with it. and 
sometimes it would rise up and smite him 
sharply in the short ribs ; but now Bounce 
was wearing his "Here to-day and gone 
to-morrow" expression, and the hoop was 
doomed. He bore it with becoming dig- 
nity to a soft spot near the currant bush, 
and dug a hole. Then a difficulty was 



i8 



RECREATION. 



met. f«>r when one Bide of the hoop 
pre— «.tl mt.. the srave, tin- other side rose 
a a most unexpected manner and 
eremonies. After several fruit- 
attempts t«> entomb the hoop, the dog 

lown to ponder the situation. It was 
problem in engineering lie was 

no mathematician, hut he showed that he 

up to his work by placing the hoop on 

und and drawing the loose earth 

it until it was entirely covered hy a 

circular mound. Then he walked slowly 

away, looking very much like a bereaved 

• 

A family of hrindle kittens shared the 
:' the woodshed with this en- 
terprising pup. They were of the mewing. 
ge, uncertain of gait, and 
much attached to their place of birth. 
: nee had repeatedly tried t«« coax these 
small creatures into sportiveness, hut they 
remained unresponsive, so one day he de- 
cided they cumbered the earth to no 
purpose. He took one of them up hy the 
skin of its neck and proceeded solemnly. 
I had almost said tearfully, to his private 
graveyard. Digging a suitable hole, he 
■ d the passive kitten therein and set- 
tling it carefully with a poke of his nose, 
drew in the s,,d and packed it firmly. 
with the | made, he again 

visited the woodshed, hut on returning 
with his second victim, he found, much to 
chagrin, that corpse number one had 
revived, and was even then scampering 
away as fast as its wobbly legs could take 
it. He dropped the second to fetch the 
and the second fled also. They played 
that on him but once, however, for he soon 
•hem both in his mouth and took them 
l to the grave. There he dropped one 
and held it safe by putting one foot on the 
its skin, while he cleared and en- 
d the grave with another foot. This 
done, he covered the kittens, rammed them 



down with his muzzle, and I think perhaps 
would have sat on the grave to hold them 
securely until such tune as they might con- 
sent to remain quiet, had they not been 
rescued by a member of the household who 
felt obliged to ?0 on record as opposed 
to the burial of live cats 

When 1 Jounce matured he was, generally 
speaking, an amiable watch dog. He 
would not suffer a tramp in sight, how- 
ever, and would bristle and work the draw- 
strings of his lips until there were enough 
great, white teeth in evidence to discour- 
age the boldest Willie. Among his own 
kind he soon became known as a good dog 
to be let alone. It could scarcely be said 
that he ever took part in a dog tight, lie- 
always allowed his opponent to make the 
first dash, and he never failed to get a good 
throat hold. There was no fighting to 
speak of after that. 

One day Bounce went to a field remote 
from the house, with a hired man who was 
to leave the place the next day. The man 
returned without the dog and went away 
the next morning. It was not until then 
that the dog was missed, and he was not 
seen again until the second day. When 
he came he was fed at once, and as soon 
as he had finished his food he again dis- 
appeared. Late in the evening of the third 
day. after he had gone to the field with 
the hired man he again appeared, dragging 
with his teeth an old coat which the man 
had left on a stump. Faithful Bounce had 
guarded the coat 3 days, and getting tired of 
his lonely job, had decided to remove it 
to a place of safety, crossing several fen- 
ces on the way. The coat was given him 
for a bed, and served to keep him warm 
that winter. 

Bounce has put off his puppyish tricks, 
has retired from the funeral directorship, 
and is now a dignified, faithful and useful 
guardian of the house and its inmates. 



THE COWBOY'S SONG. 



C. T. L. 



Oh' for the life that's free from care! 

Oh! for the land where men are men! 
To breathe once more that fresh free air, 
wn by the forks of the Dry Cheyenne. 

To feel the bronco bound to the spur. 
ul rope tighten, when 
Your horse lies back to the steer's mad 
plui 
Down by the forks of the Dry Cheyenne. 



To hear the click of the countless hoofs, 
To hear those rattling horns again 

As the herd stampedes some wild, dark 
night, 
Down by the forks of the Dry Cheyenne. 

To see the grim, grey wolf at dawn, 
Sneak through the hills to his rocky den, 

To start the buck from his leafy bed, 
Down by the forks of the Dry Cheyenne. 



To others the faded life of town. 

For me a hor^e and a gun, and then 
The swelling plains and the pine-bound 
hills, 

Down by the forks of the Dry Cheyenne. 



ONE OF THOSE FLOWING BOWLES. 



H. P. GILLETTE. 



I have long been an interested reader of 
your excellent magazine. Seldom have i 
experienced more genuine pleasure, how- 
ever, than in reading Mr. J. H. Bowles' 
contribution, "The Tyee Salmon in Puget 
Sound," which appeared in Recreation. 
Coming as this does from my old home, 
it brings back the scenes, not to men- 
tion the smells, of my childhood. The 
Siwash pen picture of old Jack and his 
squaw are to me like the old oaken bucket 
that hung in the well. I see them, and 
forthwith come visions of the oozy tide 
flats, and the calm-digging Si washes. I 
hear again the Siwash jargon with its 
whistling notes like the squirting of those 
bivalves on the tide flats ; but of those I 
did not start to write. My thoughts center 
rather on the wonderful changes that have 
come to pass in the few fleeting months 
since last I rubbed noses in long sad fare- 
well with my good old friend, Siwash Jack. 
I rejoice to hear that he still lives, and 
wonder whether he smells of clams as of 
yore, and — but I am again growing remin- 
escent. 

Old Jack is still there, but what a change 
has come, not only over the face of nature, 
but over her handiwork as well ! I see, by 
Mr. Bowles' pen picture, the bald headed 
eagle has at last migrated to Puget sound. 
When I was there this monarch of the sky 
still made his eyrie far up among the grand 
crags of the Rocky mountains, where roll 
the thunders and hear no sound save their 
own crashing. Now all is changed. The 
bald eagle has come to Puget sound to 
battle for life with the crow. Yet strange 
as to me this all seems, 'tis stranger still 
to read that Mr. Bowles "finally became 
absorbed in watching the onslaught of a 
flock of crows on a pair of bald eagles, 
whose nest was in one of the giant firs." 

Wonder not at his absorption ! As for 
me, I marvel ; but rather that Mr. Bowles, 
the first human being who ever saw a bald 
eagle's nest in a tree, that he, though he 
had gone to fish, did not remain to pray. 

These be strange days ; and Mr. Bowles 
pauses not to write of commonplaces, when 
stranger things remain to be chronicled. 
Dragging his eyes from the eagle's rocky 
eyrie in the "giant fir," he finds that a 
tyee with a stomach like a reel has swal- 
lowed everything but his rod. There fol- 
lows a battle roynl between the reels of 
the tyee and of Bowles, until the latter 
wins. 

A moment later Bowles is again thrash- 




A BATTLE FOR LIFE. 

ing water into foam with a silver salmon ; 
and hardly has he gaffed his prey than he 
finds himself struggling with a mammoth 
rock cod. So he goes from fish to fish, 
. never sighing, like Alexander of old, for 
more worlds to conquer. 

I protest against the brevity of Bowles. 
When a scientist makes a discovery he 
owes it to himself and to the world to give 
in full the story of his struggles. Bowles 
is altogether too loose in his statements. 
Brevity may be the soul of wit. but Bowles 
is not giving us wit ; he is describing 
things that no human eyes but his have 
ever seen ; a bald eagle on Puget sound, 
an eagle's nest in a fir tree, a silver salmon 
in an eddy, a tyee, or steclhead, salmon 
there also, and the time, February, iqoj! 

Why February? Answer. the bald 
eagle nests only then. Why TQ02? T was 
there myself in 1001, and before then with 
old Siwash Jack ; and February, 100^, has 
not yet come.* Thus, like Sherlock llolmes, 
I find the exact date which Bowles neg- 
lects to name. T might e'en get down to 
the very day of the month, but what boots 
it? 1 pass on to other wonders chronicled 
by this worthy literary descendant of Dar- 



* This story enmo to mo in toor, hut lias been 
hrhl over till now because of the quantity of mat- 
ter in hand when this came. Editor. 



10. 



20 



RECREATION. 



win. Again I quote: "For half an hour 
we rowed -lowly along; watching the king- 
fishers retiring for the night to their 1 
in the cliffs." 

nld- 
tower where once the 
pine upreared their crests to the 

-k> ! Ami kingfishers— thieves alwa] 

len the bank swallows' nests, and 
rear tlu-ir young in holes ! 

Ah! B thou makest me sigh. No 

more ra hack to my clammy tide 

d rest my eyes on the verdured 

Id forth my arms and cry. '"11 me 



am I come, and ye do smile a welcome 
sweet to me." Ah. no! Tis all gone. The 
cruel, relentless hand ol time hath hewn 
those rolling hills into cliffs, where the 
kingfisher burrows like the mole, and the 
red ol his craggy home, sleeps ill 

the swaying top of the giant fir! The 

tyee, winch once ran in the ides of March. 

and the >ilver salmon, which came only in 
July, now breathe the same water, and to- 
gether, like children in the song, "holler 
down the same rain barrel !'* Bui why re- 
pine, the world still move-! And Bowles? 
Who can doubt it? He hath spoken. 




ENEMIES AT PEACE. 



AU»T u» f"0T0 BY FRANK t. fONTIHQ 



I enclose a photograph of 2 ferrets and 
mmon ] the same 

and living happily 
the cape shown in the photograph is not 
their permanent home. They were placed 



there to he photographed. They were 
brought up together from young and feed 
from the same troughs. 

Frank E. Touting, r 

Malmesbury, England. 



"Jack, dear," she sighed. "Jack, when 
• I shall pine away." 
"Don't," he answered, adding, with an 
uneasy laugh, "don't pine away; spruce 
up." — Princeton Tiger. 






BY THE HARDEST. 



AMOS GRAYSON. 



I've forgotten the make of gun and can't 
recollect the brand of powder. 

Jim came and disturbed me at a time 
when no civilized man should disturb a 
civilized fellow man. It was so early that 
it must have been the day before. He 
shook me awake and said : 

"Squirrels ripe. Hustle out." 

Squirrels were ripe and some fell to the 
ground. We picked them up and bagged 
them. 

I would not undertake to say how far 
we walked that morning, for I am afraid 
of a treacherous memory ; but we made the 
rounds. There was the tall shell-bark over 
on the ridge; then the clump, back up in 
Wind hollow. Over on the Molohorn place 
were more hunting grounds. 

Then we went to the big forked hickory 
at the foot of Dug hill. 

We had no dog. As we stole within 
range there was a flash of rusty red up 
in the branches. 

"Gee whittaker," said I, "a fox! Didn't 
know foxes climbed trees. Can't be a 
squirrel ?" 

"It's both," said Jim, "and what we've 
got to do is to get him." 

We didn't get him. Several times we 
saw him, or thought so. 

The peppering we gave the spot where he 
seemed to show preserved no meat. I can't 
say that the hunt was conducted on strict 
sportsmanlike principles. I was new to the 
game and had a new double barreled, 
breech loader out for the first time. Jim 
was a good hunter of the backwoods type, 
6 feet 2, but would have killed that squirrel 
with a fence rail if he could. 

I think we wore a runway around that 
tree. I had to lift my neck straight when 
I quit looking for the squirrel. 

"Let's both start away," said Jim. "I'll 
go on to where there's another tree. You 
sneak back and hide in the brush and 
maybe we'll fool him." 

The squirrel was no fool and he knew 
it. In half or three-quarters of an hour 
Jim came back. Maybe I was reading, or 
meditating, or asleep. Jim says I was 
asleep, but I deny it. Anyway the old 
fox was safe. 

"Let's lambast him," said Jim. "We're 
going home, anyway." 

We shot into every clump of leaves. I'm 
afraid we got rattled. We threw rocks. 
"Let's scare him to death, anyway," said 
Jim. 



He didn't scare worth an empty shell. 
I'm also afraid the squirrel was worth sev- 
eral dollars before we let up on the bom- 
bardment. 

"Let the gol darned critter go," said Jim. 
"I'm getting hungry." 

I remember he said that after all his 
ammunition was gone. 

I claim the merit of prudential restraint 
of the destructive instinct inherent in ever> 
son of Adam. I started for home with 
one shell left. I claim that merit, and be 
it noticed, 'tis all I do claim in this matter. 

W r hat prompted me to stop when we had 
walked some distance, and request Jim to 
notice if my gun would carry back as far 
as the tree, I can't say. Certainly all 
thought of slaughter had left my mind. 

"Jim," said I, "watch the Big Fork and 
see if this gun can reach from here. I'll 
aim at that clump of leaves half way up. 
See if any of the leaves are hit." 

With that I cracked down on — my thumb. 
I shall not attempt to explain that, but 'tis 
so. I can show the scar in proof. I for- 
get now what Jim said, but I always main- 
tained that I had the most right to the say 
so at that time. I thought the gun burst 
when I tried again, for Jim let out a yell 
that scared me. As the smoke cleared I 
could see Jim going toward the tree. 
There was a io-rail fence between it and 
us, also a brier patch behind the fence. 
Jim, you remember, was 6 feet 2. He was 
disappearing in the brier patch when I first 
saw him. He was whooping and I thought 
the briers were hurting. I think he jumped 
over that fence and never touched it. I 
know he touched the briers. I couldn't 
understand this caper till my eye caught 
something rusty red dropping, rolling, 
clinging, dropping, rolling, slipping from 
fork to branch, from branch to leaf. It 
was the squirrel ! 

The recollection of what followed is 
vague. It was some time before I got the 
courage to visit that neighborhood again. 
You see the people there are religious, and 
we must have dsturbed them. I forgot to 
state the day was Sunday. 

I have not tried too hard to analyze the 
whole matter, but we must have exulted 
aloud and with motions. 

There was one pellet through the heart 
of the squirrel. The distance was 6o yards 
to the foot of the tree. That was my first 
hunt. I have since been reading Recrea- 
tion, and I don't shoot squirrels now. 



21 




KIT KAIM.D THE Willi* II ic;il IN THE AIR. 



22 



KIT, THE TALE OF A MULE. 



FRANK S. ELLSWORTH. 



Without a doubt she was the worst mule 
I ever saw. Of course, Jack, having 
passed 10 long years in harness, was full 
sense; but Kit, his worser half, was 
younger and more ambitious in her mulish 
way. A lady mule can not be ambitious 
and retain the respect of her betters. The 
couple was childless, and, as is sometimes 
the case with childless couples, they quar- 
reled. Kit was unquestionably the corporal 
of their ranclio. When Jack would ask 




A MURDEROUS GLEAM IX HER EYE. 

permission to go to lodge, or to go out with 
the boys, Kit would curse like a pirate, 
kick him a time or 2 in the ribs, and effec- 
tually prevent his going out that night or 
for several nights thereafter. 

Living for months in close proximity to 
Kit and Jack, I learned a great deal about 
both of them. A natural taste for lan- 
guages enabled me to master the rudiments 
of mule grammar and language, thus get- 
ting an insight into mule thoughts and 
character denied my less fortunate com- 
panions. Later researches have convinced 
me that the mule language is a derivative 
of that of the asses, with a considerable 
admixture of words from the horse tongue. 
The mules have brought a few words in 
pristine purity from their original home 
beyond the Caspian, whence they emigrated 



with that branch of the Aryans which en- 
tered Europe near where Constantinople 
now stands. The most ancient word of 
the pure mule tongue which now occurs to 
me is "Yaw-he-haw," meaning "oats;" con- 
clusively proving that the Indo-Aryan 
tribes were farmers and raised the grain 
mentioned. However, it is not of mule 
philology and history that I wish to speak 
at this time. Rather of certain unladylike 
traits which Kit exhibited when on the 
desert, many leagues from home. 

I was not with Kit and Jack during the 
day, and I heard little of their conversation 
when they were at work ; but when lying 
on my cot in the evening I have often over- 
heard their complaints, little caresses, and 
schemes. Together, but at her instigation, 
they had several times taken jaunts during 
the night, with no intention of returning in 
the morning, until Dick, the teamster, al- 
most as a last resort, had hobbled them. 

Late one afternoon we camped on the 
bank of El Chicon, a large water hole 
Southwest of Uvalde. That night, as the 
mules were being fed, I heard Kit remark : 

"You divide the corn to-night, Jack dear, 
and don't forget I want to see you a few 
minutes after the moon sets." 

About 3 hours later, as the teamster, 
topographer and rodmen were playing their 
everlasting euchre, Kit, who was standing 
near my cot, was whispering to her better 
half. 

"Jack," she said, in an earnest tone. "I 
was frightfully abused by that teamster to- 
day, and I feel terribly cut up about it. 
Feel those long ridges just in front of mv 
left hip." 

He felt of them, and asked. "Well, what 
are you going to do about it ?" 

"What am I going to do about it? You 
heartless brute! I shall leave this place 
to-night and you must go with me. I 
heard the chief, that fellow with the black 
beard, tell Dick to-day that in less than a 
week we will be on rough roads again. If 
you think I intend to get my back and 
collar-bones all spotted with sores again, 
you are a mistaken mule !" 

"But, Kit," Jack interrupted, "we were 
all through Burnet, Llano, and Mason 
counties last year, on the roughest roads 
either of us ever saw, and we both re- 
covered." 

"There you go! Always satisfied! Never 
trying to push ahead unless Dick is after 
you with that blacksnake whip ! I don't 
believe you would leave a sure ear of corn 
for the possible chance of everlasting free- 



23 



24 



RECREATION. 



:, Jack, do you rcmem- 

O-night 1 shall 

strike out for thai place, and it' you have 

any mulehood about you, you will go with 

uc will be free, no work and 

all play for tin our H\ 

.. what will they think of 
"What will they think of us? M she re- 
nd with that d< corn 
of which tlu* mule i- master. "What will 
wlm think of us? If you mean this gar 

'is that Dick i< with, what do we care 
what they think of us? Should we 

and have «>ur lives beaten out of us 

when t! I 'in of the prairies is be- 

t hough tful, and as she stopped, 
lid, meekly, 

"Lead on. dear. I will follow you." 

Three days later, after a fearful w 
of profanity, 2 wobegone but hopeful look- 
ing mules were found jo miles from camp, 
standing behind a mesquite hush in silent 
meditation. They had lost their way. As 
Dick, on horseback, galloped into sight 
around the hush Kit gave a scream/ 
Lord ! Jump, Jack, jump !" 

Whack! Whack! Whack! fell that ter- 
rible whip on her long sides until she cried 
for mercy. 

• I ih. Jack! Jack! Help me' Kick the 
brute! Kick him! Kick him!" But the 
blacksiiakc fell on her without pity. 



Kit was pigeon-toed in her left hind foot, 
and, as in the case of the crosseyed man. 
..tie could never tell where she would 

strike. As Dick dismounted on arriving 

at camp the whip slipped from his hand to 
the ground, not J feet from Kit's left hind 
foot. In a second she had planned a fear- 
ful revenge, and there was a murderous 
gleam in her eye as she estimated the dis- 
tance from her hoof to the whip. As Dick 
lifted it from the ground, with a curse on 
her lips, Kit sent her left hind foot out 
like a catapult, and raised that whip high 
in the air. For an instant it hung above 
our heads, then fell into the watery depths 
of El Chicon, and was felt by Kit no more. 
Whatever else Kit might say about us 

she could not say we were ungrateful. Of 

course Dick occasionally applied the black- 
snake, but even a saint would have done 
that, and Dick was no saint. No, we had 
been good to Kit, and her rash act of 
eloping with Jack, if even a mule lady can 
elope with her own husband, followed by 
that of practically stealing our whip, ruined 
her reputation beyond repair. 

Never again did we pitch a camp, after 
her foolish, mulish escapade, that we did 
not fasten a rope .about her neck and tie 
her securely to a tree, while the hobbles 
were removed from Jack's legs forever. 
Kit afterward told Jack that in providing 
him with a few days' freedom and ridding 
him of the whip, she had brought on her- 
self a cruel persecution. 



$15,000 REWARD! 



Xhi n lady suddenly appeared in the coldest outdoor weather, and to be 

r the Cathcart Home. She singularly independent of the comforts of 

ish and Hawaiian, though friends in the Academy of Fine Arts. She 



she seemed to be from the North, to prefer 




A 1. 



was lonely, as she was far from her am 
countrie," and had no living relatives, and. 
J am sorry to say. she was badly frozen, as 
she refused to come in out of the cold. 
She "would soon go to a wanner climate." 

One night she vanished as suddenly as 
■be bad come. The Arabs never folded 
their tents and stole away more silently, 
modern civilization. 

She was Eastward bound, probably for 
the Hub, where there are kindred spirits, 
some of ('arlvle's "Snow and rose bloom 
maidens," and where she bad some old 
I fear there has been some tragedy, but 

hope for the best. 

Fifteen hundred dollars reward will be 
paid to anyone who will return her to me. 
I feel a natural interest in her as I dis- 
covered her one cold, starlight night, alone 
in the woods near, and brought her out, 
loping to save her for future usefulness; 
but with the first breath of spring she fled. 
Thos. L. Gulick, Devon, Pa. 



A DEER ACCIDENT. 



B. BOULDER. 



No country of an equal area, easily acces- 
sible to Arizona sportsmen, fulfills so well 
as Loconino county the conditions neces- 
sary for mule deer hunting. The deer 
are there by the dozen, and mighty wild. 
So much the better, when one wishes real 
sport. One cold morning I started out 
from a little town in that county to take a 
deer hunt up in the mountains. The snow 
lay about 3 feet deep everywhere and there 
was a cold wind blowing from the North. 
We made camp 40 miles back in the moun- 
tains in a canyon. 

The morning after arriving we started 
for the highest mountain in the immediate 
vicinity. Reaching the foot of the moun- 
tain, we saw plenty of deer tracks, and 
formed our plan for the day's hunt by them. 
My chum, Sam, was to go in a Westerly 
direction, and when half way around, start 
for the top, while I was to go around the 
other side, and when half way was to sit 
down and wait for Sam to come over the 
top and meet me. Sam was armed with a 
40-60 Marlin repeater, while I had a 12- 
gauge Winchester shot gun with buckshot. 
I used the latter from necessity, not choice. 

Reaching my destination, I heard Sam 
shoot 4 times in quick succession, and I 
knew he had found deer. In another sec- 
ond I saw something go behind a pile of 
brush at the top of the hill, but could not 
make out what it was. I started toward 
the object, when Sam shot again, and a big 
buck lurched forward and fell, to rise no 
more. Three more came tearing down the 
hill, 50 feet at a jump, straight toward me. 
I raised on one knee, covered the big 
bunch of horns in the lead, pulled the trig- 
ger with a quick aim, and another buck 
jumped his last. Another buck, bigger than 
any I had seen that year, succeeded in jump- 
ing behind a pile of brush and thus escaped 
me, although T shot twice. 

About that time Sam came in view at the 
top of the hill, and was surprised to learn 
that his deer lay within 30 feet of where he 
stood, for he thought he had missed, as the 
deer made one jump after he fired, and then 
was over the hill, out of his sight. I told 
him I had another deer wounded and wished 
to give chase, and asked him to lend me his 
rifle, which he willingly did. 

Then I started to trail my deer. Of 
course, I knew better than to follow his 
track altogether, so T worked around in 
the canyons awhile and came out on a bit 
of hill ground which he had crossed. I 
had found no blood, but T would not give 
up. I worked till afternoon, and was just 



ready to call it a bad job, when I saw 
through a gap in the pines my deer, stand- 
ing still, entirely unaware of my presence. 
I crawled within 90 yards, and sent a 40-60 
on its way for the buck's shoulder. He 
went down, but quick as lightning he was 
on his feet again. I was ready for him,, 
and to make sure, I raised the rifle to my 
face, took careful aim, and pressed the 
trigger. Then there was a deafening re- 
port, like a charge of dynamite. For a 
few minutes I was paralyzed. My right 
hand hung limp at my side, and felt as if it 
was over a hot blaze. I quickly raised it to 
see what could be the cause of this, and, to 
my horror, my hand was nothing but a lot 
of mangled flesh and bone, and was bleed- 
ing frightfully. I did not lose my presence 
of mind, but took a white silk handkerchief 
from my pocket and quickly bound it around 
my wrist to stop the flow of blood. I 
thought of Sam, but I knew he could do 
nothing for me, so I started for camp, 
which was over 4 miles away. I will not 
attempt to describe my suffering as I trav- 
eled that 4 miles, down deep canyons, over 
hills, through brush and deep snow. At 
last I came in sight of camp. I do not 
know when a camp looked better ; it seemed 
to me the only place in the world. I was 
weak, black clouds passed before my eyes, 
my mind left me. 

After a time I could see Sam bending 
over me, trying to force some brandy be- 
tween my teeth. At last I was able to sit up 
and talk to him. He had heard me shoot, 
had gone to where I crossed a ravine, had 
seen the blood on the snow, mistrusted that 
something was wrong, and had followed my 
trail to camp. 

We made up our minds to leave. I shall 
never forget that night's ride, but never 
was a team driven over that 40 miles in 
less time. We made it in 9 hours, and it 
was over as rough a road as any one would 
care to travel. 

After a week, against the orders of the 
doctor, I again pulled out with Sam for 
the scene of the accident. When we arrived 
there, I could see the cause of the rifle's 
exploding. It occurred in the magazine. 
It was caused by the spring in the tube, 
the cap in the end of one of the shells, 
and a bullet in the one directly behind the 
former. Anyone well acquainted with the 
Marlin magazine rifle can understand. It 
was mere luck that I did not have my head 
blown off. ■ 

The deer we had killed the week before 
were in good shape, being well frozen. 



25 



26 



RECREATION. 



There were 2, but not enough for us. We 

B entitled to 4 by law. it was our last 

chance, and we wished to 11s? it. My hand 

WBI by QO means well. I still carried it in 

a sling. When I wished to use my rifle 

I slipped my hand out. laid the barrel act 

my elbow and could Bhoot fairly well. Sam. 

and 1 separated, intending to bring our 

game to camp be tore dark and in time to 

fix up the fa we could start back to 

:. in the morning. I had been gone from 

Sam about half an hour when I heard him 

shoot. He beat me again, but the same 

thing happened. He was driving the deer 

r I had not walked over 300 yards 

when I was aware that 2 deer were coming 

n a hill directly in front of me. When 

I first saw them they were too far away 

to shoot, so I waited and they came on. 



When they were within 100 yards of me 
they suddenly turned to the right. Now 
or never! I twisted a 30-30 soft nose 
through a good rille barrel, and headed it 
for the same old place. The deer stepped out 
oi the way and the bullet smashed against a 
big rock. He turned around and I dropped 
another bullet in front of him. Then he 
wheeled and came straight for me. I think 
he was guessing hard. He came to a clump 
of brush and stopped within 50 yards. I 
made him a present of another 30-40, and 
he received it in the heart, dropping where 
he was. I went to him and found I had 
hit him through the shoulder. There was 
an old wound also, so I turned him over 
and found, to my own satisfaction, that he 
and I had met before. 



THE 1903 REGISTER. 



DR. J. S. KENNEDY. 



A register was sent from Washington to 
me, 
pened at the old Fifth Horse in a fam- 
iliar way, 

But were it not for a few things that woke 
a tender chord, 

I should have sworn that roster false and 
proved it with my sword. 

Those tew remained, but higher up I no- 
ticed them to be 

Than when we last saw Skimezin in his 
rude ranchen 

They're higher up than in the days when 
Superstition Mount, 

And Sinn Buttes by the subs were held as 
scraps on which to count. 

As I viewed this register, outgrown in 
shape and s 

A kind of hazy atmosphere seemed settling 
'fore my eyes ; 

I was again upon the plains beside the 
cherous Platte, 

And scouting on the Yellowstone led by 
the Little Bat. 

Tt seemed as if I jogged along, the way 
we used to go, 

Across the bad lands guided by Bill Cody 
an ' 

And o'er the Arizona trails through can- 
yons deep and grand, 

With nosel on tin Aravi- 

pai band. 

With t 1 like these what wonder I 

Id turn 



To this new register, surprised and with no 

small concern. 
Or that I should exclaim aloud as if the 

walls had ears 
And tongue to free my mind of doubts and 

hopes and fears. 
"Where's Emory, Duncan, Hart, and Crit ? 

\\ here's Jaky Gordon? Where? 
Where's Billy Royal? Do you dare to say 

they are not there? 
Where's Mason, Burns and Gassy Brown? 

Where's Sinbad, Prince and Payne? 
Where's Charlie Rockwell, Rodgers, all 

brave knights without a stain? 
Where's Almy of San Carlos fame? 

Where's Bobby London, say? 
You know t'was Bob that Charlie King 

gave to the world in Ray. I " 

But here a voice both shrill and strong 

broke in and sternly said : 
"Go mix yourself a toddy, Tubbs, those fel- 
lows are all dead." 
A sadness fell upon me, then, I felt 

aggrieved, oppressed, 
And to the wraith that spoke to me I thus 

myself addressed: 
" T'is many moons since I have drained the 

bracing, stirring cup. 
But come, my man, bring forth your grog 

and fill tin- beaker up ; 
Tt must be that I'm getting old and ebbing 

with the tide, 
How? Here's to it! I'll strike their camp 

beyond the Big Divide." 



ANTOINE'S CARIBOU. 



E. W. PARKER. 



Mos' de beeg bug got de craze for catch 
a deer. Tree, 4, 5, mebbe, go on Megantic 
2, t'ree week an' have bully tarn shoot de 
pheasant and de duck an' hunt de caribou. 

Ah'm lak dat mahse'f, an' w'en Ah got 
finis' dig mah pettetto Ah'm decide in mah 
min' dat Ah'll go tak' some caribou for 
mah fambly, 'nough lass all winter. So 
Ah gon over cross 'bout 4 acres w'ere 2 
feller Ah know, Jo Garceau an' Pete Go- 
neau, was mak' slash. Ah ax heem come 
wit me lass week an' hunt caribou. Pete 
ax me, 

"W'ere you gon', Antoine?" 

Ah say we gon on Brompton lak, or Lak' 
Scratch-roun'-to-meet-us. Jo say Bromp- 
ton bes' plas an' he go in for dat wit' all 
hees heart an' hees new gaun, too ; so we 
'gree for dat an' Ah gon rat home for feex 
mah gaun. 

Mah fadder give me dat gaun mos' 30 
year ago, an' hees fadder give it to heem 
more as 40 year 'fore dat ; mah gre't gran'- 
fadder tak' heem from Capen Bung w'en 
he fight de Injuns below Quebec on Mont- 
morenci. Bah gosh, Ah'll smash de target 
evertam wit' dat gaun, he's bes' Ah never 
see. 

Nex' mornin' Ah'm got up hearly for 
ron down an' buy hammunition an' gon to 
butcher's for piece meat las' mah fambly 
w'ile Ah'm huntin'. Ah see dere 2, t'ree 
pooty leetle deer wat come down Megantic 
for sell it. One have awful pooty tail, an' 
Ah'm tol' de butcher will he give me dat 
tail ; Ah want heem for mah leetle gran'son. 
He mak' remark he ant see w'at mah gran- 
chiT mak' wid a tail. Ah tol' heem Ah go 
ver' of'en see dat leetle feller an' we have 
bully tarn play de sojer, an' Ah'll pin de 
tail on hees cap an' mak' heem feel beeg. 

So Ah'm gon home an' load mah fusee. 
He tak t'ree finger paouder an' han'ful buck 
shot an' he's ready for bus'ness. He mak' 
some hexecution w'en he's gon off, hem? 

We jomp on woggin an' 'way we gon to 



Brompton. We mak' joke an' have good 
tarn, an' bimeby Jo ax me : 

"Antoine, w'ere you gat dat ole gaun?" 

Ah'm tol' heem de whole historee, an' 
he offie bet hees dog Ah ant able hit de 
lak'. He show me hees rafle an' brag gre't 
deal. He say it repeataire an' shoot 15 tarn 
an' load heem o'ny fust tarn. 

We 'rive on de lak' and Jo tie tree on 
hees ole hoss, an' we plonge in de fores', 
heverybody for heemse'f go hunt w'are he 
min' to. 

Ah'm put on mah mogasin an' go ver* 
slow. Pooty soon de fores' all close in an* 
Ah ant see Jo an Pete. Bimeby Ah 'rive 
on one slash an' Ah peek t'rough de bush. 
Rat dere, not 4 rod 'way, stan' my caribou ! 
He look lak he 8 foot high an' on'y want 
for heat me. I turn roun' an' lay mah 
gaun on log an' look for steek to hit heem. 
Bah gosh, Ah'm 'fraid he bite me. De col' 
cheel ron up mah back an' Ah tak' mah 
cap an t'rough at heem an' yell lak' a 
dev'? Mah soul! he jomp more as 40 foot; 
jomp, jomp, an' hees gon' ! 

W'en Ah compose mahse'f de firs' t'ing 
Ah'll see is mah gaun an' Ah say, 

"Antoine, you condemn ole fool, you ant 
know not'in'." Ah grab de gaun an' tak' 
good aim at de bush w'ere de caribou ron 
t'rough. Ah let heem go an', sacree cochon, 
how he roar ! 

Pooty soon Jo an' Pete come ron on de 
slash an' ax me, "W'at you kill, Antoine, 
w'at you kill?" 

"Ah'm shoot beeg caribou," Ah say. 
"Ron, ron, los' no tarn an' we'll gat heem." 

Dey laugh an' ax w'ich way he's gon'. 
Ah show de trail, sure 'nough, an' Ah tak 
out de leetle deer's tail ver' sly and mak' 
b'lieve Ah'll foun' it. "Here's hees tail," 
Ah say. "Ron, Jo; ron Pete, you'll catch 
heem 'fore he's gon' 2 acre." 

Dat las Ah'm see of Jo an' Pete, an' de 
caribou, too. 



MEN OF THE SUN AND RAIN. 



R. B. NATTRASS. 



Men of the sun and rain for me, 

Men with the cheeks of tan, 

Who love all good things ardently 

But most, an honest man ; 

Whose grip of comradeship is strong, 

Whose simple words are true, 

Men, if a multitude were wrong, 

Would battle for the few ! 

Such are the men for me indeed, 



Men of the fresh turned soil, 

Whose rough hands preach the noblest 

creed, 
The creed of manly toil. 
They may be poor, as riches stand, 
Their manners crude and plain. 
But they're the kin^s of any land; 
Men of the sun and rain. 



27 



MOUNTAIN BADGKR. 



ALLAN BROOKS. 



Thi riginally described from 

inty, California, but 

it also occurs through the mountains of tbc 

intCl far North as Southern British 



but unlike them, the badgers do not ascend 
the mountains to timber line. Their food 
consists <>f these squirrels and many other 
small mammals, as well as insects, fruit, 




MOUNTAIN BADGER. TAXIDEA AMERICANA XEGLECTA (MEARXS). 



( imbia. Tbc Nanagan district is the only 
lity when- 1 have met it but it is prob- 
ably fmmd locally throughout the semi-arid 
lUthern British Columbia, 
here have I found it numerous; one or 
;r^ being found at a time in wide 
country. A stray one occasion- 
ally turn^ up in unlooked for localities, 
■ rally speaking they arc found wher- 
ever there are colonic of ground squirrels, 



roots, etc. I do not know the period of 
badger hibernations and was surprised to 
find them traveling about last winter, 
through deep snow, from burrow to bur- 
row, often 1 4 of a mile apart. This was in 
December and the weather had been uni- 
formly cold. In a trap these badgers fight 
well ; more so than any other animal except 
perhaps an otter. The weight of an adult 
badger is about 18 pounds. 



A. Fu^cr — What would you do if I 
should kiss yon?' 

Mary McLane — I should scream for help. 
A. Fusser— Why? Don't you think I 
lid do it alone?— Pawtuckct Gazette. 



28 



HIKING IN RIZAL. 



CHAS. H. STONE. 



I recently took a trip into the province 
of Rizal, and although I did not shoot any 
game I saw plenty of evidence that it was 
there in abundance. 

I took the boat from Manila up the Pasig 
river into the Laguna de Bay, a lake 70 
miles long and 35 wide, and about 10 miles 
from Manila. 1 had the good fortune to 
meet a friend on the boat who lives at 
Tonay, and who insisted on my accompany- 
ing him home. 

While going along the shores of the La- 
guna de Bay we saw numerous snipe and 
large white cranes. The latter are some- 
times called caraboa cranes, on account of 
their often being seen in company with the 
caraboa, or water buffalo. The natives 
never molest these birds, though their eggs 
are gathered and sold in the markets as 
duck eggs, which they resemble, but are 
somewhat stronger in taste. We also saw 
thousands of ducks, which are little hunted 
as yet, the natives having no guns, while 
few shot guns are owned in the islands by 
Americans and Europeans. 

After reaching Tonay we endeavored to 
secure the services of several natives as 
packers for our provisions and camp outfit, 
and after considerable trouble we managed 
to hire 5. Generally we have no trouble in 
securing natives, but as the fiesta of the 
pueblo (holiday of the town) would com- 
mence in about 5 days, they did not want to 
risk the chance of missing it. The only 
way we managed to get them was by prom- 
ising we would be back the day before the 
fiesta. 

This particular town celebrates 217 fies- 
tas in a year, besides Sundays. The civil 
government has enacted laws regulating 
holidays, and most of the fiestas formerly 
observed have been discontinued in Manila ; 
but in the provinces the old order still con- 
tinues. Each town is controlled by a presi- 
dente, corresponding to a mayor in the 
United States, and as they live an easy life 
and draw a good salary, they do not inter- 
fere with the pleasures of the people; and 
unless these mayors harbor ladrones the 
government does not interfere with them. 

We started on foot the next morning, 
each native carrying about 150 pounds, di- 
vided in 2 packs, which were slung one at 
each end of a short pole. They carry these 
loads without apparent effort, taking a kind 
of dog trot and keeping it up half a day at a 
time. We made to miles in 3 hours, going 
oyer a range of foothills about 500 feet 
high, and finally arrived at our destination 
in a deep valley at the foot of the main 
range of mountains. 



On the way we flushed many quails and 
a wild chicken. The quails are no larger 
than robins, while the chickens are a little 
larger than bantams. The chicken we saw 
was a male, and as he flew across the trail 
he presented a most beautiful appearance, 
with his red plumage and long tail. The 
hens are dull brown and smaller than the 
males. Every night and morning after we 
got in camp we heard these wild roosters 
crowing, and it seemed as if there must be 
a farm house not far away. 

In our trips in the mountains we saw 
many tracks of deer and wild hogs, and 
even saw roiled water that they had passed 
through only a few minutes before, but did 
not catch a glimpse of any of the animals. 
They are trailed with dogs, and where 
Americans or Europeans are hunting, are 
shot as they come out into the open ; but 
as the natives have no guns, they either 
spear their game or drive it into nets. 

We saw several deer traps that the na- 
tives had set, and had to keep close watch 
that we did not get into them. They were 
generally on a trail between 2 close setting 
trees where a 2 inch sapling could be bent 
down for a spring. A stick lying across 
the path serves as a trigger, releasing the 
sapling, which drives a sharp stick through 
the deer's body. 

Wildcats are numerous in the woods 
along the streams, but are seldom seen. 
Along the streams is found an animal 
closely resembling the alligator, except that 
it has a small head. Its diet is principally 
fish, though it is not averse to fruit, climb- 
ing good sized trees to get it. It frequently 
attains a length of 10 feet, with a breadth 
of 12 inches across the back.* The streams 
contain some good fishes, but not an exten- 
sive variety. I saw numerous gars swim- 
ming near the top of the water, but they 
are not good to eat. 

Troops of monkeys are frequently seen, 
but they have been shot at so often that 
they soon make themselves scarce at sight 
of a man. Snakes are sometimes seen, 
though in our 5 days' tramp we saw but 
one, and that was only a foot long. Boa 
constrictors are found in these islands, and 
sometimes measure more than 20 feet in 
length. 

About a year ago, as one of our ware- 

*This animal is undoubtedly a big monitor liz- 
ard, similar to the kibra goya of Ceylon. It bo- 
longs to the genus V or anus, lives mostly on the 
ground, feeds on eggs, small mammals, birds and 
flesh of all kinds that it can catch and swallow. 
Ten feel is a great length for these creatures, but 
a particularly large and long tailed animal might 
attain it. This animal is active and strong and 
fierce in disposition. — W. T. II. 



29 



3<> 



RECREATION. 



houses here in Manila was opened, a boa 
14 \, iwled «r« «m under the stairs 

near the door and was killed by the Chinos 
and Filipinos working in the warehouse Its 
only desire seemed to I cape, and it 

\ fight It must have crawled 
through a rear window from the canal that 
runs the warehouse 

While in the mountains we often heard 
the 1 : r 1 1 similar to the buz- 

zard oi our Western plains. Its discordant 



WHO LOST IT? 

Herewith 1 enclose photo of a freak of 
nature, known as the Devil's Chimney, 
which it well suggest. While going 
through the farming district of Green coun- 
ty. \ a, a few miles north of New 

GlaniS, One of the company sighted some- 
thing in the distance towering above the 
treetOpS, and after driving almost a full 





'^"l 






ivTB ^om 




1 * 


1. x «\ 


1 





AyATCUB PHOTO IV WALTER WOHLWENO. 

THE CHIMNEY, GkEKN COUNTY, WIS. 

hour v. with the 

hown in the photograph. It 

solid rock reaching 

>ut 45 f-< t It i> the only 

around. 

Ha EATX0M for the 

'. not be without it. 
of the game hogs. 

:cr Wohlwend, P.rackenridge, Pa. 



notes can he heard more than a mile. Crows 
can he seen at all times of the day. 

In my travels in the islands 1 have never 
seen any members of the squirrel or rabbit 
family. I should like to see squirrels in- 
troduced here; they would never become the 
pest that the rabbit has proved in countries 
gn to it. 

The English sparrow i^ here, but docs 
not multiply as in the States, and its pres- 
ence is more pleasant than otherwise, as 
there is a dearth of birds in the islands. 



A VALIANT WOODCHUCK. 

A few days ago my wife and I, with a 
friend, took a stroll through the woods 
near here. My wife is a Kodak enthusiast 
One of my friends took his Llewellyn with 
him. and my wife, who had been on the 
lookout for desirable views, suddenly dis- 
red the dog engaged in a combat with 
a half grown woodchuck. The sight was 




PREPARING FOR A RUSH. 

worth seeing. The little chuck was the 
scrappiest thing of its size I ever saw. 
There were a number of mixups but the 
little fellow came out unscathed every time. 
My wife caught him as he was preparing 
for one of his rushes at the dog and I 
thought you might deem the picture worth 
a place in RECREATION. Out of regard for 
the valor of the little chuck, we called the 
dog off and left Chuckie master of the situ- 
ation. 

S. M. Kecnan. Eloise, Mich. 



She— The milliner told me she had been 
down to the dentist's to have a nerve 
killed. 

He— Well, from the prices she asks for 
hats I should say the dentist must have 
killed the wrong one. — Stray Stori' 



Invitation is the sincerest flattery. 



THE NEW ARMY RIFLE. 



In response to many requests I take pleas- 
ure in presenting herewith a picture of the 
new 30 caliber army rifle, known as the 
New Springfield. For comparison, I also 
show a cut of the Krag-Jorgensen, which has 
been in use in the army several years, and 
which has now been discarded. The 
new rifle embodies the best features of the 
old one and of the Mauser, and has been 
given exhaustive tests under such condi- 
tions as are likely to be met in active ser- 
vice. Most army officers, as well as 
expert riflemen in the ranks, who have 
used this new arm, are enthusiastic in its 
praise; but, of course, its real value can 
not be known until it shall be subjected to 
actual hard service in the field and in battle. 



distant the bullet rises 20.67 feet ; whereas 
the bullet of the Krag rises 25.8 feet. In 
shooting at a target 300 yards away, with 
the old smooth bore musket, used in our 
army before the Civil War, the bullet rose 
129 feet at its turning point, which was 175 
yards from the muzzle. 

The New Springfield has a killing range 
of 5 miles, though, of course, it is impossible 
to see a man at that distance with the 
naked eye. The rifle is sighted for 3.000 
yards, and is capable of dropping a bullet 
into a line of troops or a camp with deadly 
efficiency, at that range. At 55 feet the 
New Springfield has penetrated 54 inches 
of pine boards, and 6 inches of pine boards 
at 1,500 yards. The new rifle is claimed to 




Upper Rifle— THE NEW SPRINGFIELD. 
Lower Rifle— THE KRAG-JORGEXSEX. 



The New Springfield is of the class 
known as the clip-loading magazine gun, 
and is provided with a cut-off which en- 
ables the soldier to use it as a single loader, 
with the contents of the magazine (5 car- 
tridges) held in reserve. 

The new rifle weighs 9^4 pounds, which 
is about one pound less than the Krag. 
The barrel of the new gun is 24 inches long, 
while that of the old is 32 inches. The 
entire length of the new rifle is 43 inches 
as against 49 inches for the Krag. The bul- 
lets of both rifles are of the same weight, 
220 grains. The powder charge for the 
New Springfield is 43 grains, whereas the 
Krag used 37 grains. This increase of pow- 
der charge gives the New Springfield a muz- 
zle velocity of 2,300 feet a second, which is 
300 feet greater than that of the Krag. 
The new rifle has a flatter trajectory than 
the old. In shooting at a target 1,000 yards 



give practically no recoil when fired, and 
this, of course, adds greatly to its possible 
accuracy at all ranges. The barrel of the 
new rifle is entirely encased in wood, which 
gives it a somewhat clumsy appearance, 
but it has been determined by a long series 
of tests in actual service that this plan of 
construction is necessary in order to give 
the arm the highest possible degree of dura- 
bility. 

With the new gun, experts have fired as 
high as 15 shots singly and 5 shots from the 
magazine, in 1534 seconds. 

It will require 60,000 of the new rifles 
to equip the army and navy, and the Spring- 
field armory is capable of turning them out 
at the rate of 250 a day. It is the intention 
to arm the militia of the various States with 
the new rifle, as soon as both branches of 
the regular service shall have been thus 
equipped. 



How's your wife, Blinks? 
Her head troubles her a good deal. 
Neuralgia? 

No; she wants a new hat. — Selected. 
31 



Till: CHAMPION OF l'l'GKT SOUND. 



\. D. Austin, of Everett, Wash., writes 
a leti trtunity, ;t paper published 

in St Paul, Minn., telling about the fishing 
trip which he ami George Bakeman made to 



picture show-; something over 75 fish. Aus- 
tin says, "(norm' Bakeman is the champion 
trout catcher of Pugel Sound and 1 ven- 
ture to say he has tew equals in the world." 




A S-HOUK CATCH OF TROUT IN PANTHER LAKE, WASHINGTON, BY GEORGE BAKEMAN 

AND A. D. AUSTIN. 



Panther lake. Wash., lasl summer. lie 

apfa of their string of fish. 

h l- reproduced here, and which he 

el long. He also says 

the fish average 12 inches in length, and the 



I move to strike out the word "catcher" 
in the above sentence and substitute the 
word "ho 

Bakeman's number in the fish hog book 
is 919 and Austin's is 920. — Editor. 



GILBERT'S OTHER FAD. 

My gentle hours of a lifetime have been 
given to the breeding of white fantail 
pigeons. 1 began with them in 1855, and 
rid them to a point as near per- 
fection a- man can get them. In my opin- 
ion there 1- no handsomer bird. They are 
always in motion, and have a fascinating, 
coquettish style. They can be kept just 
like chickens in any kind of a coop that 
will keep rats and cats away. My pig 
are far more tame than chickens, for they 
me and my wife, and if we sit 
it we an- completely fes- 
ed with the little dancing beauties. 
The bird of which I send you a photo is 
as h. a little fell- I 1 . r raised 

n named, and I think 
una" would be about ri.^ht. He is a 
revelation to those who have seen only the 



ordinary scrub fantails, of which there are 
so many in all cities. 

!•' M. Gilbert, Evansville, Ind. 




who's it? 



32 



OUR AND SOMEBODY'S ELSE BUCK. 



FALCON. 



Probably there are but few hunters in 
Pennsylvania who have not heard of the 
beautiful Diamond valley, in Huntingdon 
county, famed for its many deer. Sports- 
men from afar visit the valley every year 
and few return empty handed. Of course 
deer are not so plentiful as in former years, 
but there are still enough to afford good 
sport. In that valley, several years ago, 
David L., who has been my hunting com- 
panion for many years, and I, enjoyed our 
first deer hunt. 

An invitation had been extended to us by 
relatives living at the head of the valley to 
stay with them during the hunting season, 
and we were assured game was unusually 
plentiful that year. We took our departure 
by train early one morning in December. 
Reaching Petersburg we got off and started 
to walk to our destination, 10 miles away, 
over a rough road covered with 6 inches of 
snow. Encumbered by the weight of our 
guns and satchels. It was dinner time be- 
fore we came to the quaint, old farm house 
for which we were bound. Dinner over, 
we decided to go down the valley a short 
distance to shoot grouse. We tramped 
through the brush 2 hours and bagged 8 
birds ; and were on the point of returning 
to the house when 2 hunters came along 
dragging a large buck over the snow. The 
sight so transported us that we could not 
wait until the next day to go deer hunting; 
so having taken our birds to the house, we 
started out alone, in a strange country, in 
quest of deer. 

We had never hunted deer, but had read 
of the different methods employed, and de- 
cided to try still hunting. After wander- 
ing about the valley some time we heard the 
sound of a bell along the foot of the moun- 
tain. Knowing that a party of hunters 
near were belling for deer, we decided to 
keep moving along opposite the party, on 
the chance of their driving a deer toward 
as. We had double barrelled, muzzle load- 
ing shot guns, into which we had dropped 
a number of buckshot over the bird shot. 
That was *a great mistake, as we afterward 
found. We were both partial to muzzle 
loaders at that time. 

We moved along until the sound of the 
bell Decame fainter, and finally died away, 
and it was apparent that the party had 
crossed the mountain. W r e were standing 
on an old logging road not far from the 
mountain, in a rather open tract, when I 
caught sieht of something moving in the 
bushes about 300 yards distant, and called 
Dave's attention to it. Suddenly an im- 



mense buck emerged from the brush into 
the open timber, moving in a line parallel 
to us. We had given up all hope of getting 
a shot at him when he turned and came 
toward us. We crouched behind a small 
thorn bush and with guns cocked, anxiously 
awaited his coming. The animal moved 
forward in a leisurely way, ever and anon 
cropping the leaves in his path. We re- 
mained rooted to the spot, spellbound with 
admiration, but strange to say were not 
seized with buck ague. When the buck had 
advanced to within 30 yards of us he sud- 
denly threw his head high in the air with 
a loud snort. We were to windward of 
him, but nevertheless he scented us. Dave 
whispered, "Now !" We quickly brought 
our guns to our shoulders, took careful aim 
and fired. The monarch of the forest 
sprang high in air and fell, but regained 
his feet in an instant and rushed madly past 
us, taking immense leaps. I wheeled and 
gave him the other barrel broadside, just 
as he disappeared into a small ravine. Dave 
was behind me and could not get another 
shot. 

Here we made the mistake of our lives 
by instantly starting in pursuit of the 
wounded animal. He had lain down after 
traveling a short distance, and had we wait- 
ed a while before starting on the trail, he 
would have been so stiffened as to be un- 
able to rise, and we could have made short 
work of him. His foot marks were covered 
with blood, and the irregular manner in 
which they were made showed that he was 
moving with an uncertain, staggering gait, 
badly wounded. The trail led down the 
ravine and along the foot of the moun- 
tain, through almost impenetrable thick- 
ets ; then turned sharply to the left up 
the mountain side. Slowly we followed, 
now and then losing the track in the thick 
brush. Suddenly there was a crashing noise 
a short distance ahead. We rushed forward 
with all possible speed, and soon arrived 
at the place where the buck had fallen in 
the. snow; but hearing us coming, he had 
risen and started on again. We examined 
the place where he fell and found the snow 
covered with clotted blood. Expecting to 
find him at any moment, we moved quickly 
up the mountain, and after a laborious strug- 
gle arrived at the top. There we lost the 
trail. We tried in vain to find it, and as it 
was getting late and we were in a strange 
country, we concluded to give it up ; so be- 
gan to retrace our steps down the moun- 
tain. 

Night soon overtook us, and not being 



33 



34 



R RATION. 



abl« to see the ratline of the mountain, we 

I !iie confused and could not tell which 

it was useless to think of camp- 

tfac mountain lor the night; tire 

wood could not be procured as the ground 

red with suow. and the weather was 

We moved am ibout 

in the darkness t" infuse warmth into our 

benumbed bodies, However, being s 

hunters and warmly clad, we did not suffer; 

rward learned, the ther- 

eter fell t.» *ero that night At length 

:i came up from behind the nioun- 

and the landscape was flooded with 

light Dave Uttered an exclamation of joy 

ami pointed to an immense pine tree that 

in an open space and that we 

taken particular notice of early in the 

afternoon 01 lint of its gn 

wing the farm far distant, we 

dly on, but had taken only a few 
i when a low, snarling sound greeted 
our ears Stopping suddenly, we saw 2 
S shining like halls of tire out of 
a clump We immediately raised 

our guns and tired. With a growl a 

prang out of the brush, rolled 
d expired almost instantly. \\'e 
. d for home again, taking turns in car- 
eat. We reached the house at 
and the family were greatly surprised 
to see the catamount They had been much 
r our absence, and 2 of the boys 
on the point <>f starting in search of 
arrived. 
After dinner we related the details of our 
deer hunt. The boys were not hunters, but 
there was hbor at the house that even- 

: one of the best deer 
hunters in that country. He said that no 
t the buck was lying dead on the nimin- 
. and he would be glad to go with us in 
f him in the morning. We arose 
early and started at daybreak; going di- 
rectly to the Spot where the buck had been 
; . Our new friend. Bill Smith, took 
the lend and we started on the trail of 
- r. which was partially filled 
with snow that had fallen during the night. 
When the place the deer 

ely, B'll exclaimed. "That's 
a dead buck and no mistake." We pressed 
but it v work to follow the 

h the thickest e 
on the mountain an'! ntinually Ctf 

i re moving along the 

f the mountain through a d OWth 

of laurel. bri;tr-. berry bushes and young 
luainted with the habits 
of deer would say they could not go through 
such a p] - our immense buck, with his 

magnificent antl- - . h, apparently 

with the gr<- A buck when pene- 

trating thick places, lowers his head and 
throws his horns as far back ible. 

Thus the points of the prongs do not become 



entangled in the brush, but slip through 
easily. We soon came to a place where a 
herd of deer had spent the night. It was 
impossible to follow our buck farther, as 
the snow was covered with tracks which 
led m all directions. After an hour's 
vain .search, we gave it up in despair. We 
had described the buck to Bill, who told us 
the animal was an old timer, known far and 
near for his immense size. He had been 
wounded several times, but was so wary 
that few hunters were ever fortunate enough 
to get a shot at him. 

It was yet early in the day, and Bill pro- 
posed go to a camp of deer hunters farther 
up the valley and spend a day or 2 hunting 
with them. When we arrived at the camp 
we found the men ready to start for the 
day's hunt. They were all friends of Bill 
and gave us a hearty welcome, with an invi- 
tation to stay as long as we wished. It 
was a model camp. The cabin was built of 
heavy logs with a door in front, a small 
window at one side and a huge stone chim- 
ney at the other. The bunks were built 
along one side, one above the other, and 
were covered with spruce, a foot in thick- 
ness, to serve as mattresses. In the middle 
of the room stood a long, low table with 
benches on either side. All the cooking 
utensils were neatly arranged above the 
fire place, and in one corner of the room 
was a rack which contained the guns. A 
small door opened from the back part of 
the cabin into the larder, which was a small 
shed made of logs, through one end of 
which bubbled a stream of clear, crystal, 
spring water. In front of the cabin hung a 
full grown buck and a doe, also 2 wild tur- 
keys ; the result of the previous day's 
hunt. 

Wc went out with the hunters and soon 
struck a trail along the bottom of the moun- 
tain. The bellman, who carried a cow bell 
fastened by a strap thrown over his shoul- 
der, gave us 20 minutes to reach the nearest 
crossing. W r c clambered up the mountain, 
reached the crossing, and took our posi- 
tion. Soon the faint tinkling of the bell 
was heard far down the mountain. Deer 
are curious, and the ringing of the bell 
sometimes causes them to stand still until 
the bellman gets close enough for a shot; 
but they generally trot slowly along ahead 
of the bellmnn. I had taken my station 
about the middle of the crossing and Dave 
was 50 yards to the right of me. The bell 
sounded louder and louder, and I knew the 
game was not far distant. Suddenly there 
was a sound of wings, and I turned to see 
a large gobbler alight on a pine within easy 
range. What a temptation to fire! But, if 
I should, all our chances for deer would be 
destroyed, and 1 would be disgraced in the 
of the other hunters ; so I waved my 
hand and scared the tempter away. 



OUR AND SOMEBODY'S ELSE BUCK. 



3D 



Scarcely had I done so when there was 
a slight, crackling noise directly ahead, and 
I saw a buck and a doe. They were stand- 
ing in a laurel thicket with only their heads 
visible and were out of range. As the bell- 
man came nearer they suddenly disappeared. 
I caught sight of a small patch of gray to 
my left, but did not fire as the distance was 
too great and the ry,an below me would get 
a much better shot. In a few seconds I 
heard the crack of his rifle. We all gath- 
ered, and saw the man who had fired cut- 
ting the throat of the buck. On the way 
down the mountain we jumped a spike buck, 
which soon disappeared in the brush after 
having been fired at several times. We had 
reached the valley and were moving rapidly 
on toward the camp, when one of the party 
saw something moving in the brush. We 
could not see what it was, but followed its 
movements by the shaking of the bushes. 
We were soon rewarded by seeing the head 
of our spike buck appear above the under- 
brush. He was so far away as to seem out 
of range. All of the men carried shot guns, 
but one, who had a 44 rifle. So much of the 
shooting is done at close range in that sec- 



tion, that most deer hunters use shot guns. 
The man with the rifle raised the sight to 
200 yards and pulled the trigger. Instantly 
the head of the buck disappeared and we 
knew he had been hit. On reaching the 
spot we found him dead. We took the two 
bucks into camp and were soon seated at 
supper. 

That night it rained and the snow be- 
came covered with a thick crust, so we 
could do no more still hunting. We re- 
turned to the farm house, remained there 
several days, shooting small game, and then 
went home carrying large strings of rabbits, 
a grouse, and squirrels; but greatly disap- 
pointed at not getting our big buck. A few 
weeks later we received a letter saying our 
buck had been found dead on the mountain 
in a dense laurel thicket ; so we had the 
satisfaction of knowing that on our first 
deer hunt we had killed the famous old 
buck that had baffled so many hunters. The 
man who found the buck has the magnifi- 
cent antlers hung un in his house, and when 
he shows them to visitors, he tells them how 
2 strangers killed the noble old animal that 
bore them so proudly for many years. 



A NATURAL HISTORY SPECIMEN. 

One day Bill Nye happened on the sign 
of the late Major Pond, the lecturer man- 
ager, in a window of a New York hotel. 
He said to a friend who accompanied him : 
"Here's the man who incites the lecturers. 
Let's go in and see if we can't induce him 
to lead a better life." 

Entering, Nye removed his hat, ran his 
hand over the hairless expanse of his head, 
and, after staring about for a moment, 
said, 

"This is Major Pond, I believe." 

"Yes, sir. What can I do for you?" an- 
swered the major. 

"I want to get a job on the platform," 
returned Nye. 

"Ah — yes," said the major, slowly. 
"Have you had experience?" 

"Well, I've been before the public for a 
couple of years." 

"Yes. May I ask in what capacity?" 

"I've been with Barnum. Sat concealed 
in the bottom of a cabinet and exhibited 
my head as the largest ostrich egg in cap- 
tivity." — Argonaut. 



RECREATION. 

NED NATE. 

Some men will toil throughout their lives, 

From rise to set of sun, 
And take a lay-off only when 

Their work on earth is done. 

Some work 11 months a year, 
From youth till past their prime, 

And take their recreation in 
The good old summer time. 

Some men take Christmas for their rest, 

Some take St. Patrick's day, 
While some who rest on Sundays 

Think theirs the better way. 

But I, for one, delight in fun, 

I play whene'er I ran. 
And take my Recreation on 

The monthly instalment plan. 

Political Orator: All men arc born 
equal. 

Voice in Audience: Then wky u it s«me 
men get more for their vote than others? — 
Life. 



Hl'D MOOSE BOGGED. 



. BROWN. 



When years of maturity have 1 

but natural to hark 

d recall some of 

have made up the sum tO- 

e have \ 

r by t! tiling; at this distance 

the absurd situ. 

we I ; the 

.'. hieh but naturally an- 

ft been so tempered 

time that tin ir keel . and 

reminiscence 1 

men! with which to 

ly hour. 

Thus, here am I, Bud I full of 

r and strength, keen of eye and ear, 

lerfully acute of scent, swift and 

tirel- . lying like some unweaned 

:"ely. hidden in a dense thicket, 

and passing the early afternoon with thought 

of the days when 1 ling. 

I fii the light of day in Kibby town- 

up in Franklin county, Maine, and al- 
though at times I have wandered far from 
my native place, have I found such 

luxuriant feeding grounds, such tempting 
pools nor delightful haunts as those of 
y. and it has always been with the 
greatest pleasure that I have returned to the 
old scenes. Of my babyhood my remem- 
brances are not distinct. I have a hazy 
recollection of being alone what seemed to 
me much of the time, and of lying in a 
shady place wl - :ng came to molest 

me but a f id mosquitoes. On 

I suffered more or 
the cold and can clearly recall 
1 was when my mother was with 

me to snuggle up to her. and get the grate- 
ful warmth from her hu She spent 
much time when we were together in dress- 
ing my baby coat of hair with her strong, 
jh tongui en to this day I remem- 
warm and comfort- 
able it made my skin nd how it 
vitality and energy to my 

It was fearfully lonesome when she was 

away, and t 1 3 which reached 

my «rs. even * test 

tremble with apprehen- 

not what made the 

that tfa harm 

to we. i 

- have added to 
trait rathrr t' , it. 

' me hr. 

any hid in* place that I inly 

bear '#% soft footsteps, the gent 1 
of buahes ana* low hanging branches as 



1 along, and an occasional sniff 
inhaled the air for a clew to what- 
ever it was hunting. I was in a panic 
with fear, but fortunately kept motionless, 
and made no outcry, much as I wanted to 
summon my mother, were she in the vicin- 
1 lie animal passed without discover- 
me, but I did not move a muscle until 
Mother came to me, which she did soon af- 
terward, although the wait seemed almost 
interminable. 

My opinion is that all moose youngsters 
have considerable trouble in getting con- 
trol of their legs. Such, at least, was my 
experience. They were together too long 
t<> be in proper proportion to my short, light 
body, and when I stood I felt at a great 
height above the ground. My joints, though 
bulging and overgrown, were weak and had 
an uncontrollable tendency to wabble just 
when I most desired them to be steady. 
When trying to stand still it was necessary 
to keep my feet well apart, and when I 
moved, my progress was a succession of 
staggerings ana totterings. By continued 
practice, however, I made great improve- 
ment and when I began to accompany 
Mother to the ponds and bogs where we 
went to escape the flies and in search of 
the succulent leaves and roots of the water 
lily, I discovered that were my legs any 
shorter it would have barred me entirely 
from this delightful recreation. As it was, 
1 was cautioned not to venture too far. 
By watching how the others conducted 
themselves and by guiding myself accord- 
ingly I progressed well and was exceed- 
ingly proud of mv advancement. 

Before I was able to accompany her on 
these daily, delightful rambles, Mother had 
begtrled many an hour with extended de- 
scriptions of my father, of his strength and 
prowess and of his skill and adroitness. 
All this I was easily able to believe when 
I first saw him towering high at my 
mother's side , and subsequent events 
proved that she in no degree had overes- 
timated his courage and daring when oc- 
>n arose to put them to the test. 

One story she related of him alwavs held 
me spellbound with interest, and I mar- 
1 much that one naturally so shy and 
retreating could show the bravery he then 
di-plnyed. It appeared that some years be- 
I was born. Father had made a sum- 
mer trip down into the Spencer stream 
country and his adventure took place on 
the bank of that river one moonless, cloudy 
night, when not a brenth of air was stir- 
ring. He had been at Fish pond wallowing 



BUD MOOSE BOGGED. 



37 



after lily pads and roots, and had started 
for Long Pond bog, to gain which he had 
to cross Spencer stream. He had just 
reached the river at a point where the edge 
of the bank, owing to a long drouth and 
the resulting lowness of the stream was 
shoulder high above the water, and was 
about to plunge in when a slight noise like 
a piece of wood rapping or scraping against 
another was heard directly in front of him. 
The darkness was so intense that he could 
distinguish nothing, but, true to his usual 
habits, he refrained from moving until sure 
his ears had not deceived him. He was 
standing on the alert when suddenly a daz- 
zling light appeared and was flashed directly 
into his eyes. 

For one instant he stood petrified with 
amazement ; then calling to life his mome i- 
tarily paralyzed muscles, but with no 
thought of fleeing from the uncanny light, 
he made a mighty bound directly toward 
the gleaming eye. As he jumped he 
noticed that the light suddenly swerved o 
one side, and he heard a loud exclamation 
from the darkness just beyond it. He rec- 
ognized the voice as that of a man and 
instantly concluded that the flashing light 
was one of the many peculiar appliances 
in man's endless warfare against the other 
animals. Father struck the water with a 
loud splash and went in all over with one 
foot through the bottom of the frail craft in 
which the men, of whom there proved to 
have been more than one, had been stealth- 
ily paddling down the stream. With a few 
energetic plunges and kicks he freed him- 
self from the encumbrance on his leg, and 
lost no time in gaining the other shore. 
There he paused an instant and listened 
to the unlucky men who were struggling 
and shouting to one another in the water, 
and who were still talking excitedly about 
their catastrophe when he passed out of 
hearing. He could remember of striking 
none of them when he made his mad leap 
and thinks they escaped with nothing 
worse than a bad scare. 

It has been told to me in later years that 
some animals suddenly situated facing a 
strong light as Father was, will stand as 
if turned to stone and allow those in the 
boat or canoe to approach within a few 
yards, but it is safe to say that particular 
party never again tried to charm a bull 
moose with nothing more powerful than a 
bright light. It took courage to make that 
leap toward the unknown glare, but I am 
confident that under similar circumstances 
I should do as my father did, provided, of 
course, my nerve should prove equal to the 
occasion. 

After joining my father we staid together 
some time and the season passed for me 
most delightfully. Of course nearly every- 
thing was new and strange, and it is diffi- 



cult to conceive the pleasure I derived daily 
from the many wonderful discoveries I 
made and the pride I took in each new 
achievement. Father, notwithstanding his 
great strength and power, was most consid- 
erate toward Mother and me ; and with the 
sense of safety we experienced when he was 
near we were a most happy family. How 
well this confidence in his ability was placed 
an incident well illustrates. 

The principal inlet to Horseshoe pond is 
a stream of considerable size, and for some 
distance back from the pond proper the 
water is still and contains some excellent 
summer feeding places. Mother was at a 
bunch of lilies in the stream and close to 
the main shore, while I was in the water 
at the same side, but nearer the pond. 
Father had crossed over and was on the 
strip of land which made down between 
the pond and the inlet, still nearer the pond 
than I was. Not being particularly hun- 
gry I was simply passing the time in the 
cooling water with an occasional nibble at 
some tempting morsel when I noticed what 
I took to be a log floating slowly toward 
me. In a few minutes I was attracted 
again by it and was surprised that with 
no appreciable breeze stirring and with no 
current to aid it, the log had lessened the 
distance between us by half. Mother ap- 
peared to have seen nothing to cause ap- 
prehension, and, not wishing to give a false 
alarm, I persuaded myself that I had prob- 
ably been mistaken in regard to the log's 
approach and turned my back on it to get 
it from my mind. Suddenly a sharp, low 
"hist" reached my ear, and I whirled to 
find my log right at hand. It was hollowed 
out and in it were 3 humps which seemed 
alive, although perfectly motionless. What 
they were or what their object was in thus 
approaching me I then had no idea, and as 
Mother continued her feeding I was at a 
loss what to do. How relieved I was 
when I saw my father stalk majestically 
from the bushes on the bank between the 
log and the pond. Here was a protector 
before whom not many could stand. 
Slowly and noiselessly* the log retreat- 
ed^ until pas't my father, when it 
quickly turned, the beines in it developed 
more active motions and it glided rapidly 
out into the pond with Father's huge hulk 
advancing slowly, but menacinely, along 
the shore after it. We went back hurried- 
ly into the thicket, and there I was told 
that the beings were men and what I mis- 
took for a log was a contrivance in which' 
they travel on the water. We concluded 
that they had been fishing and having seen 
me hnd approached until Father's arrival. 
and his pugnacious attitude had frightened 
them away. What their object was we 
were left to conjecture. During the few 



3* 



RFXREATIOX. 



we remained there, we nw them 

never tailed 

them t it whenever he con- 

cluded they were approaching :iear. 

i their 

id) in turn, became bolder, until 
e approach- 
Eero- 

uld they 
ic temei ar. 

iin in strength and 
abih" indepen- 

dent, to chafe at th< nt put upon me 

while with my ; ven- 

ture away by myself. In my foolish vanity 
' rj that i ctly able to lake 

If. These feelings became more 
inent day by day, until finally an op- 
i j from the fam- 

ily undetected, of which 1 quickly availed 
llity in which we were when 
k for independence was one 
I by men and through which 
many iiioom during the summer. 

Thei S m ^1 direc- 

: .inch to a stranger in the country 

it value m getting around by the 
uded ways. For a 
verything went well. Browse 
of v kinds was plentiful, and the 

country was well watered with numerous 
Ting little brooks. However, the flies 
came to me by day in swarms, and I kept 
looking for a place where I could plunge 
nd rid myself of them. 
The general direction of my travels had 
1 ward the South, and one day I came 

out on a bog, barren except for a stunted 
. th of b'\v bushes. On the far side of 
the bog was a large body of water, and 
I ird it I at once made my way. It 
n extensive pond, although at the 
I me the water was very shal- 
! ling ( ut, however. I felt as- 

sured I could get the depth I desired, and 
as the j' 1 of all life dan- 

ly kind I quickly resolved that 
lid 1 take the plunge for which I 
tig. On entering the water 
1 at the instability of the 
underneath. This was diff- 
any mud in which I had before waded 
and, although it let my legs down deep, 
notwithstanding my feet were expanded to 
• full width, yet it seemed to cling, and 
it was with great difficulty that I could 
make h» I managed to get out until 

mud and II up toward my 

. when 1 wail i wind and 

Strength for another advance. T had 

into the thick- 
while standing still, and on attempting to 
continui that 

1 'ift neitl free from the t 

mud. d and strove to 

ate my feet from the fettering bottom, 



what lunges mid plunges I made, and what 
despair settled on me when, out of breath 
ami thoroughly exhausted, I was forced 
to admit that it was impossible for me un- 
aided to get in deep enough to swim or 
to regain the solid shore behind. What 
a fool 1 had been to leave the protection 
and care of my fond parents, and how 
miserably should I perish did not they or 
someone come to my assistance. I gave a 
plaintive call, but no answering sound came 
to my anxious ears over the forsaken : 
Again and again I called with like result ; 
again and again I struggled frantically for 
freedom, but my strength was going fast 
and each etlort was more futile than the 
preceding. 

The sun was getting low toward the 
Western horizon when I was filled with 
consternation to observe a boat approaching. 
In it were men and they drew near swiftly, 
as if they had noticed my plight and were 
determined to take advantage of it. From 
babyhood I had been continually taught to 
avoid man. He. alone, kills for the mere 
lust of killing. With no young at home in 
want of food, with his own larder well 
supplied, and with no necessity for hunting, 
he often goes forth seeking that which he 
may slay. It was said there were excep- 
tions among them; that some had instincts 
and feelings as elevated as those common 
among ourselves, but that the indictment 
was true against so many that the only safe 
course was to shun all, it being impossible 
to determine until too late in whom the 
murderous traits were predominant. 

With these teachings recurring to me 
you can imagine with what feelings I saw 
the men in the boat come up to me. 
Whew ! How they did smell of smoke 
and what a shiver of fear the odor caused 
me ! They, however, made no move to do 
me any immediate harm, but after examin- 
ing me carefully from all sides, took their 
departure. My relief at seeing them go was 
but short livid, as they returned soon after- 
ward, and with them came many more in 
other boats. Thev had brought ropes which 
they tied, some around my neck, others 
about my body. At a signal the cords were 
tightened and I was pulled toward deeper 
water. My tongue lolled from my mouth, 
and my head was on the point of being sep- 
arated from my neck, when the mud gave 
way from my leg and I surged forward. T 
endeavored to regain my feet, but the boats 
kept advancing and T was pulled along, 
ignominously struggling, until deep water 
was reached. Then T was permitted to 
swim, 'nut the restraining: ropes allowed of 
no course except to follow the boats. I 
struck out for shore repeatedly, but imme- 
diately the neck ropes tightened, under 
went my head, and to save myself from 
drowning I was forced to turn toward my 



THE OWLETS FLIGHT. 



39 



captors. I soon gave up these attempts 
and followed whither the boats led. I was 
extremely weak from my past exertions 
and it was only after an effort most pain- 
ful on my part that I was eventually towed 
alive to land. 

On shore my captors, holding the ropes 
at a distance on either side of me, con- 
ducted me to a small hamlet situated at 
the outlet of the pond. The entire popu- 
lace of the place turned out to view me, and 
the remarks they made concerning my 
figure and appearance were far from com- 
plimentary. After they had all looked 
their fill and discussed me to a disgusting 
length, I was tied up in a building where 
there were some other animals imprisoned. 
These creatures had feet something like 
mine, but had round horns growing from 
their heads, and seemed perfectly contented 
to be where they were. Some dried grass 
was given me to eat, such as the other 
animals there had, but I was too exhausted 
and too nervous over what the future held 
in store for me, to think of eating, even had 
they provided forage with which I was 
familiar. 

The next day I was again paraded on 
the onlv street of the settlement and my 
disposal appeared a topic much discussed. 
In the crowd of garrulous men, women and 
children, there was one woman with a little 
black box under her arm. She made the 



crowd stand away from me and aimed it 
at ine repeatedly. I could hear a little 
click, but what nonsense it was or what 
she thought she was doing was beyond my 
comprehension. 

I was a prisoner among them* many days 
and learned much concerning their ways 
which the longest life will never efface. 
They seemed solicitous that I should eat, 
and brought all kinds of impossible things 
to tempt my appetite. I did manage to 
consume enough to sustain life, but how 
I longed for the fare to which I had been 
accustomed. One day I was led out and 
learned that the game commissioners, to 
whom my captors had written, had decided 
that I should be set at liberty. I was taken 
to the shore of the pond near where we had 
landed that eventful day, the hateful ropes 
were removed from my neck, one of the 
men gave me a parting switch with a 
withe, and I ambled joyfully away. 

At first I could with difficulty realize 
what a happy outcome my escapade had 
had, but soon I comprehended that I was 
free. Free to hunt for my parents and 
endeavor, by my future conduct, to atone 
for my past misdemeanors. Free to breathe 
the clean, untainted air of the forest. Free 
to live as it was intended I should. A 
weak, half starved, most forlorn little 
wretch, but free I 



THE OWLET'S FLIGHT. 



S. H. M. 



An owlet sat in a towering pine 

And wisely gazed around; 
The night lay darkly on the wood, 

Earth slept without a sound. 

"The moon and I alone are out," 

He said, and heaved a sigh. 
His gaze intent was fixed upon 

The crescent hung on high. 

"I wonder," and his eyes grew big, 

"If it really is green cheese, 
Or if it is a world like this 

With leafy trees like these." 

"I plainly see the man up there, 

He's looking straight at me. 
He's all alone like me to-night; 

Where can the maiden be? 

"When last the moon was big and round 

She sat with tresses fair, 
And smiled upon the world beneath ; 

How did she get up there?" 



"Too wit! too whoo!" in breathless voice 

The little owlet screamed 
As he lighted on fair Luna's horn. 

Fair Luna only beamed. 

"Who, who are you?" the owlet asked; 

"Where is the maiden fair 
Who often waves her golden locks 

Till they shimmer in the air? 

"Where go you when at early dawn 

You sink behind the West? 
I sleep within a hollow tree ; 

Where do you take your rest? 

"Some nights you hide your beaming face 

And then I look and call. 
Oh, those indeed are gloomy nights. 

The darkness is like a pall." 

In vain the owlet questions asked, 

The moon made no reply; 
Day dawned and the owlet fell asleep 

With the moon in the morning sky. 



A SHARP FOREBODING. 



Alarming depletion in their ranks bad 
prompted the wise and cunning old leaders 
of t! nimal specu ther un- 

der the ; * of the big for- 

to mak i 
for the 
and da -i slain, brothers, 

had fallen vic- 
per, the city sportsman and 
the idle country boy. Appalling slam 
d among the feathered tr 
had been beaten by Man's foot 
in t ] is : he had penetrat- 

what were hitherto considered safe 
and itKt le rem. 

terday my eldest son. a fine, 
I g lad, with muscles as firm as 

and sup: the willow branch, was laid 

in death as he was peacefully browsing. 
died before I could catch his last plain- 
in," mournfully remarked Monarch 
to the assembled cohorts. 
•I k one of those little pellets used 

rminate us crashed through 
my mother's brain, and with rage and sor- 
the mastery in my breast, 
lied to flee, lest I, too, fall at 
• bark," was the sad comment of a 
lv cnb. 
"None of my family is left at all." cried 
Father Rabbit; 'Tine shot has carried them 
all off. in some instances 2 and 3 at a time 
being killed." 

'I've given Man a run for his money," 
proudly proclaimed Furtive Fox, "but with 
all my cunning and wily tricks, and I think 
everyone here will admit I've turned a few 
mcs in my day, I couldn't save my 
s life this crayon. T saw her pelt, I be- 
lieve that is what Man calls our coats, 
hanging from a hunter's cabin door a few 
T couldn't repress my emotions, 
and would have wept my fill but for the 
prowling hound reaching my 

"Your sorrow is a hard one to boar," said 

! Monarch in a condoling tone. 

d tough, as I heard a hunter say in 

throwing away a piece of venison the other 

"Your Honor always had a pleasant way 
•iterspcrsing a bit of humor to relieve 
the lugubrious, jollied the fox. 

"He's going to ask for something," 
ustic Catamount. 

• me, brother." suavely re- 
! the fox in an effort ti ciliatory, 

r you know one of my | faults is 

an overappreriation of the humorous. Re- 
member how T laughed when we found that 
<>ld rabbit in the trap^ Tie looked so 
h like an apoplectic shoat I had pinched 



c. 11. furlong. 

the night before that the comparison over- 
came my sense of propriety." 

"Never fine at any time," retorted Cata- 
mount. 

"1 can see where Mr. Fox gets his if this 
repartee keeps up," cautiously whispered 
Prickly Porcupine in Red Squirrel's ear. 

"Now you 2 have had enough of this," 
admonished the Monarch as he assumed a 
more stately and dignified air, preliminary 
to taking up the order of business. 

"It is the sole purpose of this gathering," 
he resumed, "to inquire into and seek a sat- 
isfactory explanation of the terrible deple- 
tions in our ranks within the past few years. 
Grizzly has the floor. After that the first 
one who attracts my attention will be hon- 
ored with permission to harangue. Father 
Fox is limited to 5 minutes, for he is too 
garrulous and fond of his wit. Grizzly 
will now address us in his characteristically 
forcible and pointed style." 

With swaying motion of his bullet- 
scarred bead, and centering his penetrating 
eyes from time to time on each member of 
the assemblage, Grizzly began: 

"This question of the extermination of 
my own and the families of my brethren has 
been occupying my thoughts for- 



"Your humble pardon, Monarch, but if 
Grizzly will take a pointer," rudely inter- 
rupted' Fox, "I beg to suggest that " 

"Down with him!" cried the assemblage 
in thundering chorus. 

Grizzly bent over and gave Father Fox a 
belt in the snout. Father Fox attempted to 
apologize, but even that privilege was de- 
nied him, so indignant were all at his break- 
ing into Grizzly's well worded introduction. 
Tie nursed a swollen jaw during the rest of 
Grizzly's address, while Catamount twitted 
him in a cautious but none the less tantaliz- 
ing undertone. 

"As I said before this uncalled for in- 
terruption, much of my time has been given 
to a consideration of the means which 
have brought about such a heart-rending 
slaughter in our midst, and by the bristly 
tail of my grandfather I think I've solved 
the problem." 

"If so, it will be a worthy testimonial to 
your already envied acumen." commented 
the Monarch with a faint touch of defer- 
ence toward the formidable roamer of for- 
est and mountain. 

Grizzly bowed his head in grave acknowl- 
edgment of the Monarch's agreeable compli- 
ment and became just a bit chesty. 

"The Old TVs a pearb at slinging the 
salve, isn't he?" remarked Porcupine to 
Squirrel. 



A SHARP FOREBODING. 



4i 



"And the solution is?" chimed in Wo. , 
Catamount and Badger all together. 

"That smokeless powder is the cause of 
our undoing," growled Grizzly, with a 
dramatic swing of his left paw that threat- 
ened disastrous contact with Doe's shapely 
head. 

"Smokeless powder? What the d " 

"One bushel of the choicest leaves you 
can gather in your jurisdiction is the fine 
imposed on you for profanity uttered in our 
presence," pronounced the Monarch, his 
angry eyes darting reproach at the impul- 
sive offender. 

"1 can see my youngsters wearing out 
their fall allowance of clothing to sat- 
isfy that stunt," chuckled Imperturbable 
Porcupine. 

"Yes, and I can see portions of your car- 
cass in the process of digestion in Wolf's 
stomach if the fine isn't forthcoming," was 
the comforting retort of Squirrel. 

"It's smokeless powder and nothing else," 
resumed Grizzly, when the surprise which 
his discovery caused had subsided sufficient- 
ly to allow the assemblage to listen with its 
wonted unanimity of attention. 

"To convince you all that I'm right in my 
deductions, I will review the evolution of 
the sporting arm, which I have learned is 
the name of the weapon used by Man in 
gratifying his thirst for blood. I will make 
it as brief as possible." 

"If you spoke until Doomsday our inter- 
est would remain at fever heat," said the 
Fox, seeing a diplomatic opening by which 
to regain favor in Grizzly's eye. 

"Mr. Slick is throwing a bunch of con 
again. We ought to appoint him minister 
plenipotentiary to negotiate terms of peace 
with Man," was Porcupine's ■ envious com- 
ment. 

"To continue," said Grizzly, "I wish to 
explain that much I am going to tell you 
was handed down by my ancestors, my 
great uncle in particular. He was a mighty 
scientist, having an investigating turn of 
mind from his early youth. His relatives, 
farther back than I can call to mind, had 
some great experiences with the French 
couriers drs bois and the trappers of the 
Hudson Bay company. They were relent- 
less men, strong of limb, steady of aim and 
devilishly accurate with their damned long 
barreled guns. Those guns were muzzle 
loaders ; that is. the powder was poured 
from a flask into the muzzle of the gun. 
Black powder was used exclusively in those 
days and even up to quite recent times. It 
was of a much coarser quality and not so 
sure of fire as it is to-day. A pinch of 



powder was placed in a pan at one side 
of the lock, connecting with a tube entering 
the barrel at the breach at a point where the 
powder lay. The gun's hammer contained 
a flint, which, striking a piece of steel con- 
nected with the powder pan, emitted sparks 
and ignited the powder. Then the bullet 
flew out, but not with half the force or 
range of later day black powder guns. 

"Later came the percussion cap gun. 
Then the pin-fire weapon, which used a 
cartridge similar to those which to-day end 
the lives of our brethren. These old time 
smooth bore guns were sufficiently effective 
to kill our largest and most formidable 
people. Just think, though, what a cinch 
our ancestors had compared to what we 
have to cope with. It took more than a 
minute to reload one of those old guns. In 
that time one of our forefathers could give a 
trapper the merry ha ha and even contem- 
plate a flank movement destructive alike of 
the pursuer's mental equilibrium and bodily 
solidity. Even if wounded, our forefathers 
had time to make themselves scarce, unless 
they desired to mix things. 

"But powder and ball were new to our 
ancestors," continued Grizzly, "and it took 
time for them to get next. After many 
years the rim fire breach loader came out. 
Then the slaughter increased. Not satis- 
fied with this, inventive Man (those 2 
legged beasts must be very devils with their 
brains) brought out a repeating rifle, using 
various cartridges of all shapes and sizes. 
Up to a few years ago nothing new was 
doing in the gun line. All of a sudden 
some crank stumbled on the smokeless 
game to make more convenient and certain 
our slaughter. 

"My brethren, I fear we are undone. 
There is no escape for us. This new dis- 
covery gives increased range, makes no 
smoke, scarcelv any noise, and steel jack- 
eted bullets with a portion of the lead ex- 
posed are used. They smash like a bowlder 
hurled from the mountain top. Now hav- 
ing told you all this, who present can fore- 
see the future?" 

"I can," yelled out Porcupine. 

"What is it?" gravely asked the Monarch. 

"It's all to the mustard for us," replied 
the assembly's joyous spirit. 

This bit of levity so enraged the others 
that a riot ensued. Half an hour after 
Wolf came around and cleaned up the re- 
mains. 

"Tf all the meetings break up this wav 
it'll be a good thing for me, now that food 
is somewhat scarce," he said to himself. 



Willie — Pa, if a warship is called "she" 
why isn't it a woman-of-war ? 

Father — It's your bed time, Willie. — Bos- 
ton Post. 



A DAY IN THE ROCKIES. 



IRLCE LEMMOX. 



According to previous arrangement, the 

•<>r and I arose at 4. We put on our 

1 .air I and 

; hJO, with itS D 

azine full; I carried with magazine 

•ket full of cartridf car- 

thc restaurant we 

found our third partner, Ed H.. ■ m 

we possessed ourselves of 

3 hor unted them, and in high spirits 

> a. m. 
r destination was the summit of 
:it Shaveno; our purpose was the 
ure that lies in mountain climbing. 
:it Shaveno lies in the Sangre de 
Christi r me 10 miles West of Sal- 

• rado and is more than 100 
higher than Pi* lc It is not to be 

compared with Pike's Peak for climbing 
purposes. Pike's Peak has an established 
route to its summit, a good road all the 
er, is not excessively 
int Shaveno is a wilderness 

road whatever, is very 
>. and has. to cap it, 2 nearly perpen- 
dicular miles of loose granite boulders. 

At the foothills we struck abruptly off 
from the road and entered the timber by a 
trail. We followed some distance up 
a creek, made the horses jump a fence, 
the creek, entered farther into the 
and cedar brush, climbed a long, low, 
Hoped its length and came 
into the dry bed of another 
creek that we followed up some 2 miles 
and again rode out on a brushy ridge. Al- 
1 our faces were toward the great, 
mountain towering above us. not- 
withstanding a great deal of zigzagging and 

we traveled lengthwise of the ridge, 
first, the T> econd and I in the 

rear, the Doctor said excited' 

' Get down quick!" Following his 
the crest of the next ridge 
to our left. 200 yai a deer, facing 

watching us. The Doctor dropped on 
one knee, his peep sights, and 

L The deer jumped and disappeared 
nd the ridge We gave chase, found 
abundant blood where he had stood, and 
-fullv scrutinized the milch below. Again 
we saw him. but he was at once gone. lie 
was walking slowly. I saw him again, but 
had no time to s' 1 and I started 

off on his trail, likr 2 d ile the Doc- 

tor watched. We trailed that deer 2 miles 
across ridges, through gu' d he. as 

we SAW from his trail, was bleeding and 



moving slowly all the way. Once we 

■I a gray fox. After the 2 miles we 

up the chase and went back to the 

s. Two hours lost, and nothing to 

show for it. 

We picked our way on up to timber line, 
drank long and deep from a clear, icy 
brook at OUT side and pushed on up. To the 
right of Shaveno is another peak, and be- 
1 the 2 is a low saddle, or ridge, at the 
of a gulch which divides the 2 moun- 
tains from summit to base and which we 
had been following. We crossed a trans- 
verse ridge, and beheld one of the most 
beautiful scenes I ever saw. Directly in 
front of us was a deep, clear lake, 600 
yards long, and about 200 wide, perfectly 
walled in on 3 sides. Mount Shaveno's 
precipitous side rises abruptly from the 
water on the left ; her sister mountain 
s 100 yards of lake shore on the right, 
then rises as sharply ; while straight ahead 
is another precipice of jagged crags and 
numerous miniature peaks, surmounted by 
rounded buttes. The small basin about the 
lake is covered with flowers, a sort of dan- 
delion with rich purple leaves, and others, 
about 6 inches high, resembling sunflowers. 
There was but one way out of the basin 
for us. The buttes at the upper end of the 
lake were between us and the saddle, there- 
fore we had to scale them. It was the most 
difficult piece of climbing I have ever done. 
The angle is 80 or 85 degrees ; the foot- 
holds are scarce and small. We rested half 
a dozen times on our way up and ate snow 
from a drift at our side. At one o'clock 
we reached the crest of the saddle and were 
at least 12.000 feet high. We could barely 
see Salida. far down the valley. On the 
other side is another vallev. small and com- 
nletely shut in by high mountains. To the 
• beyond this small basin, as far as the 
an reach, rise the summits of innumer- 
able peaks. We found a spring of icy 
water and by it ate our sandwiches, shel- 
tering ourselves on the sunny side of a 
large boulder, for a cold gale was blowing. 
Shaveno still loomed above us. The 
saddle runs North and South, at its South- 
ern end intersecting another small ridge ; 
and at the Eastern extremitv of this 
smaller one is the highest penk of Shnveno, 
whither we were bound. We climbed up, 
not over rocks only, but gram>e boulders, 
20 feet through. As we looked back we saw 
5 ground hogs playing in the bnsin below 
us. We also saw several fresh shrcp 
tracks and some wool on the sharp corner 
of a rock. 



4> 



A DAY IN THE ROCKIES. 



43 



Finally we reached the smaller ridge, 
and struck off to our left, toward the high- 
est point of Shaveno. We staid within 
touch of each other to lessen the danger 
of rock slides. Several times I grew dizzy 
an effect of the rare air, but I said nothing 
of it until the Doctor admitted that he, 
too, was dizzy. It was cold, and the wind 
was blowing a hurricane. We sat down 
on a sheltered rock to rest, and at that in- 
stant Ed said in a tremulous voice, "Hush ! 
Lie low !" and pointed out to us a moun- 
tain sheep, the first any of us had ever 
seen. It was a beautiful sight. The sheep 
was about 600 yards away, on a large boul- 
der, and directly between us and the sky. 
We saw merely his clear silhouette. We 
watched the magnificent animal as he 
turned and walked directly toward us. His 
head was held high in the air, and he 
picked his way over the rocks with won- 
derful nicety, never slipping, never mis- 
stepping. He traveled considerably faster 
than a man could have walked over the 
boulders. When about 200 yards from us 
he turned, walked across the crest of the 
mountain, and disappeared. That sheep 
probably does not know to this day how 
nearly he came to walking rieht into the 
3 human beings who were visiting him at 
his home on old Shaveno. 

We climbed on toward the summit 
which was then not far away. At one time 
a flock of large, beautiful birds flew almost 
over our heads. They were about half as 
large again as full grown pigeons, were 
white marked with black, their wings were 
long and made a whirring noise, and as 
they flew they uttered unmusical squawks. 
There were at least 20 of them. They told 
me afterward that these were the rare 
ptarmigan. 

A few minutes more and we reached the 
summit. The view was superb, indescrib- 
able ! The most prosaic nature would have 
been thrilled and awed. On 3 sides of us 
were mountains, as far into the blue dis- 
tance as we could see. To our East 
lay the Salida valley, 15 miles long, and at 
its farther end a red speck, Salida. West 
of Shaveno, far below us, was a small, cir- 
cular, marshy basin. With a good jump 
we could have bounded down the moun- 
tain side nearly to it, some 2 miles. 

It was so fearfully cold that we began 
the descent at once, without writing any 
poetry on the summit. In going down, wc 
ignored all saddles and gentle slopes, and 
took directly down for the horses. We had 



2 miles, without a break, of loose granite 
to climb down, and the average slant must 
have been at least 45 degrees. We soon be- 
came widely separated, and before I was 
half down, no living thing, save a soaring 
eagle was in my sight. On all that moun- 
tain side, alone, I felt minute. I often 
paused to look and wonder and try to ap- 
preciate. By using hands and feet I made 
good time. I soon heard a brook running 
under the rocks beneath me, and following 
the sound of it, I saw it emerge. On one of 
its banks there was a border of about 300 
feet of grass. I clambered down to this 
green streak, feet and hands as brakes. 
Whenever I grew tired and thirsty, I lay on 
the rocks and drank from the icy brook. 
After awhile the brook again sank, and 
forced me to take to the rocks. When nearly 
down I came suddenly to a jumping-off 
place. I crept up and looked over, and, lo ! 
I was on the ledge overhanging the beauti- 
ful, deep, clear lake we had discovered in 
the morning. I was afraid the ledge might 
break, so I did not linger. I climbed 
around the upper end of the lake, de- 
scended a short distance, and was down 
out of the rocks. 

I followed the basin on down and found 
Ed, just arrived. He was bathing a skinned 
arm and side, but was thankful he was 
able to do the bathing. In coming down 
he had loosened a rock above him. It was 
about the size of a foundation stone, and it 
loosened several others. Ed saw them 
coming straight at him. He jumped, and 
landed, he said, about 30 feet farther down. 
In catching himself he sprained his wrist 
and bruised his side. 

We walked on down to the horses, about 
half a mile away, and saddled them. The 
Doctor then appeared, and we took to -the 
trail down through the timber. Once my 
broncho became somewhat excited because 
the dog^ran between his legs. He began to 
buck with great vigor, to run down hill, 
and to scrape against all convenient pine 
trees. The other men laughed heartily, but 
from where I was I could not see the joke. 
When we reached the trail of the wounded 
deer we stopped and followed it. The Doc- 
tor found it. dead, on a ridge not too yards 
away, whither it must have returned 
during the day. Tts meat was unfit for use, 
hence, regretfully, we left it. 

Our ride to town was otherwise unevent- 
ful. We reached home at 10.30 p. m. 
Tired? 



Stranger — Why do you let that child cry 
so. He's howling all the time. 

Bridget — Shure. sir. it's the only way I 
kin kapc him still. — Exchange. 



ADYEVITR1-: WITH A COYOTE. 



HOWARD CARL. 



I had known John I >d, had 

gone with him, and had hunted 

with him a good shot, 

but sometim sed, as do some other 

finally emigrated to California. One 

might h J from the record he 

on rabbits that he would have had 

trouble Just how 

much trouble he had, I learned a few years 
later when 1 visited him. His wife told 
the following story : 
'lie coyotes had been bothering us 
ing and catching our chickens, 
and we w-uild hear them howling around 
nearly every night. John got in the habit 
of looking out of the window the first 
thing on rising to see if there were any of 
the animals in the neighborhood. 
"One morning he looked out just in time 
e one trot along the back fence and 
disappear behind the barn. Without stop- 
ping f<»r ceremony, or clothes cither. John 
d out the back door, grabbed his ritle, 
which was in the tank house near, and 
hurried to the barn, expecting to get a shot 
■te came around the corner, 
ever, it had been too quick for him 
and was trotting along the foot of the hill 
rds away. John threw the rifle 
to his shoulder and tried to take aim. The 
topped before John could fire and 
then 1 on again. This happened 

twice. Finally John rested the rifle over 
the top « and just as the coyote was 

going by his line of sight, pulled the trig- 
ger. 

"He hit him, but so far back that the poor 
animal i and began to howl. John 

his attention to another coyote 
which he had just seen making for the hills. 
\\r hurriedly turned up his Lyman sight 
the 200 mark, but the coyote was so 
unsportsmanlike as to get behind a tree 
and make off with that completely covering 

then started down to finish the 
bruju I wounded, intending to shoot 

it in the head He got within 50 yards 
when the animal jumped up and ran. "John 



fired, saw the dirt fly on the opposite 
side of the coyote and, as it dropped at the 
report, thought the bullet had gone clear 
through the mark. He walked a little 
closer, took aim at the coyote's head and 
fired. Again the beast jumped and ran. A 
third time John fired and a third time the 
coyote fell. Determined to make a sure 
thing of it, John took aim at its head, in- 
tending to blow its brains out. He could 
not hold steady, but fired as the end sight 
in its movements wabbled by the coyote's 
head. Up jumped the beast once more, 
and click went the hammer. The magazine 
was empty. 

"John came running back to the house, 
and as he was barefooted and was running 
through stubble, he touched the ground as 
lightly as possible; one would have thought 
him a ballet dancer; an inference borne out 
by the fantastic flutter of his nightgown 
about his legs. When he got to the house 
I gave him his slippers. He hurriedly 
grabbed his remaining cartridges and ran 
back. The coyote had obligingly waited 
for him, but when John drew near it start- 
ed off. John fired and down it dropped; 
he fired once more and the coyote again 
made off. John had thought he could shoot 
a little, but as he ran back to* the house 
the second time, he had about lost confi- 
dence in himself. 

"He hurriedly seized his loading tools, 
loaded 2 cartridges and started back, de- 
termined to end the massacre. When he 
got close to the coyote it wabbled to its feet, 
John stopped and, aiming low behind the 
shoulder, fired and dropped the brute to 
stay. 

"John didn't feel much elated but, never- 
theless, he examined his prize. Besides the 
first and the last 2 hits, he found 2 bullet 
holes through one ear, 3 through the other 
and 2 long lines across the top of the ani- 
mal's head. 

"A few hours later, on picking up his 
rifle he noticed that the Lyman sight was 
elevated for 200 yards. When he goes 
hunting now he always hears a familiar 
voice saving, 'Don't forget to elevate your 
sights, John.'" 



Ascum— If '"brethren" is a synonym for 
hers," why not "sistern" for "sis- 
ter 

npeck— c I've often heard of 

a cistrrn that would dry up occasionally. — 
Catholic Standard. 

44 



FROM THE GAME FIELDS. 

The man who quits when he gets enough, with plenty of game still in sight, is a real sportsman. 



GROUSE SXARERS CAUGHT. 

A. C. Ferguson and Stephen Horton, of 
West Sandlake, New York, went after 
some grouse snarers in October last and 
caught them. The detectives found several 
brush fences which the snarers had built 
and in which they had concealed numerous 
wire snares set with springs. Ferguson and 
Horton camped by one of these fences over 
night and just at daylight they caught 
Henry Wagner, of Alps, N. Y., in the act 
of taking a ruffed grouse from one of the 
snares. He had in his possession another 
grouse and a rabbit which he had taken 
from other snares. He was waltzed into 
the justice's office and fined $88.95, which 
he paid. It doubtless took the proceeds of 
many weary days of trapping to clear the 
justice's docket, and it is hoped Henry may 
find some more profitable occupation. 
Meantime his name goes down in the game 
hog book as number 921. 

Frank Cipperl} and Charles Acknour co- 
operated with Ferguson and Horton in 
running this grouse snarer to cover. In 
reporting the case to me Mr. Ferguson 
says : 

Wagner had about 5 *niles of grouse 
fence. There were 2 mc. :* birds in his 
fence when we caught him, »ut as he came 
from the direction opposite that which we 
expected he had not been to the other 
birds, so saved himself a few dollars. You 
cannot hit these fellows too hard. I can 
go on Sandlake mountains and in one day 
collect 5 pounds of snare wire, no one wire 
more than 15 inches long. Our club, of 200 
members, is trying to drive these snarers 
out of business, and we will eventually suc- 
ceed if we have to pay the expenses out of 
our own pockets. We have to give them 
full doses or it does not count. Last Sat- 
urday I was on the farm of a woman whom 
we arrested and fined $44 last fall, and 
she now has 4 to 5 miles of fence on her 
place. She says she is considerably ahead 
of the game, at that. I am in hope of land- 
ing her soon. They are all as sly as foxes 
and as cunning as coons. We have to 
study their respective habits before we can 
catch them in the act. For instance, some 
look at their snares about midnight, others 
at 4 o'clock a. m., while others go just at 
twilight. Then, again, others will let birds 
lie on cool ground a week, until they go 
to market, as they run no risk of our find- 
ing birds at their houses provided a search 
is made. They also show their cunning 
in carrying birds to market. I have known 
birds carried under a load of charcoal ; in 
false seats ; in sacks ; in butter jars, with 
an inch of butter over top; in the Lining 



of an overcoat ; in a new flour barrel headed 
up ; under potatoes and apples ; and in many 
other ways. 
Arthur C. Ferguson, West Sandlake, N. Y. 



COURAGEOUS WARDEN* VINDICATED. 

I have been doing some hard work in 
Ashtabula county. I am a deputy State 
game warden. I became interested in birds 
and game by reading Recreation, which I 
consider the most valuable journal of its 
kind. I try to enforce the laws regardless 
of who the violators may be. I have at 
times taken some of my friends into court 
and made them suffer. We have a compre- 
hensive law on song and insectivorous 
birds, covering every species except crows, 
English sparrows, etc. Last winter I re- 
ceived instructions from our chief to go 
after the milliners, and I brought cases 
against 10 different parties. The move- 
ment was not popular here, and the press 
quite generally roasted me. Flowever, I 
knew my rights and maintained them. At 
the present time there is not an establish- 
ment in Ashtabula county handling illegal 
plumage or birds; and I have the satisfac- 
tion of knowing I am right. The public 
and the press are now coming our way. 

If 'every warden would, in a straight- 
forward way, enforce the laws it would be 
a grand thing; but too many either use the 
office for their own ends or for the benefit 
of their friends. I enclose a clipping from 
one of our county papers which explains 
the case. The editor turned himself loose 
last winter when I caused the arrest of 
one of his town milliners in whose stock 
I found a lot of birds. I asked him to go 
down and look at the stock. The clipping 
is the result of his visit to the store. I 
wish everyone could read Recreation - . It 
is one of the best educators of the young, 
and places an older person in such a light 
that if he has any manhood he can not help 
trying to be good. 

G. H. Ray, Rock Creek, Ohio. 

The clipping Mr. Ray sends is as follows: 

Last winter when Game Warden Ray, 
acting under instructions of the State 
warden, caused one of his deputies to make 
a raid on local millinery stores and confis- 
cate, for evidence only, such birds as were 
protected by law and whose sale was con- 
trary to the statutes, this official was the 
subject of some severe criticism by the peo- 
ple and the press. Mr. Ray i* not the mean 
man that his position makes him appear. 
This mornirsr he found it necessary to in- 
vestigate a Main street millinery store. No 
prohibited plumage was ioun* o» the goods 



46 



4 6 



RECREATIOX. 



displayed, but when th< was 

;o birds w< Mr. 

them to be burned and the 
iptly compl: 

I have heard iron • other sources 

which Warden R 
•net, and h< commend 

iOR. 



PERS. 

and Tent. Ira L. 
1 lutein:-, [inn. Filed 

Jime 24. 19Q3. Serial No. 112,973. 
v Xo model.) 



^*V^ kt 




::m. — i. The combination with the cot 
frame having adjustable end rails, of a cot 
double and with longitudi- 
nal . and the detachable center rail 
a*, insertible through the central fold of the 
is and detachably securable at its ends 
to the rails cot frame. 

combination with a cot frame or 

of supporting ropes 

extending trans 1 -s the head and 

• and a tent in- 

nt cover or c and tent 

poles, the tubers of which poles 

k adjustably on the said supporting 

ropes. 



WHERE THE WOLF WAS CAUGHT. 

JEANNtTTA ZIMMERMAN. 

We had just laid old Uncle Matt in his 
ing place, and as we rode away 
Art i 3 a fitting finale for Uncle 

Matt's burial that we call the hounds and 
nrolf hunt. The old darkey had 
never been happier than when we had al- 
I ! him to follow the hounds with us. 

The snow was melting and everything 
was perfect for a chase when we met that 
afternoon at Deep Creek farm. From 
there we went 3 or 4 miles to where wolves 
had been seen and heard in an extensive 
Ji, consisting of small trees and dense 
brush. The hounds were running, but not 
on a trail, when out from the opposite 
side of the brush jumped a big wolf and 
headed for the long hill to the South. He 
left considerable territory behind him be- 
we could get the hounds bunched and 
Old Trim on the track. As soon as he be- 
gan to tongue the others followed. The 
made for a road, then through an or- 
chard to the railroad track. He walked 
leisurely up the track, every now and then 
looking back to see how near the dogs 
were. 

Suddenly he made a dash to the right 
over an upland prairie. The younger 
hounds were thrown off and kept on up 
the track, but Trim never left the trail, and 
soon over the prairie went the wolf with all 
the hounds in hot pursuit. Trim made a 
good leader for any hound chorus. Especial- 
ly fine was he with the wolf in view, and 
the distance between becoming shorten*. 
The wolf made for O'Brien's cattle lots, 
evidently expecting to throw the hounds 
there. Then we knew we were up against 
the same wolf that a few weeks previous 
had escaped by running in among O'Brien's 
cattle after we had given him a hard and 
long chase. This time he was doomed to 
disappointment as the cattle had been 
moved to another ranch. When he came 
to the feed lot and didn't see a hoof he 
icd to lose spirits. He looked around 
dejectedly and took a path leading to the 
church yard, the hounds close behind. 
Right on the newly made grave of Uncle 
Matt the wolf stopped, faced about, and 
showed fight. The hounds rushed in, and 
by dint of numbers bore the old fellow 
down and killed him. 



FIXED FOR TRAPPING BIRDS. 
Dr. Joseph Kalbfus, Secretary of the State 
Came Commission, is making it expensive sport 
to violate the game laws, and a few more cap- 
tures of the sort he made here yesterday will go 
far toward inspiring respect for the laws pro- 
e • rating and songbirds. 
Charles Brunhouse, a York shoe dealer, who 
been making a specialty of catching gros- 
beaks, better known as redbirds or corncrackers, 
with a clever contrivance of wire and silk threads 
baited with a Jive redbird as a decoy to lead 



FROM THE GAME FIELDS. 



47 



•thers into the trap, was neatly caught, with the 
goods on him, yesterday by Dr. Kalbfus and 
Game Warden Berrier, of Harrisburg, and heav- 
ily fined by Justice S. N. Eminger, of this place. 

Recently Dr. Kalbfus heard of Brunhouse sell- 
ing the birds and bought several from him at 
York. Warden Berrier was then put on the case. 
Coming to Mechanicsburg last Thursday evening 
Berrier made the acquaintance of Brunhouse and 
on Friday morning the 2 took a drive to the 
South in search of game. During the time they 
were together in the country Berrier witnessed 
the capture of 6 birds in Brunhouse's trap. When 
they drove back to town in the afternoon they 
had a total of 26 birds. Dr. Kalbfus was in 
town awaiting them with a warrant charging 
Brunhouse with violating the Act of Assembly 
of June 4, 1897, protecting insectivorous and 
song birds. He placed the man under arrest at 
once. 

Brunhouse was taken before Justice Eminger 
for a hearing, during which he appealed to Ber- 
rier for help, and was chagrined to learn that 
gentleman's real business. On the evidence given, 
the justice imposed a fine of $10 for each of the 
26 birds found in Brunhouse's possession, and 
the costs, the total amounting to $263. Brun- 
house refused to pay, saying he would appeal the 
case. He was then placed under $550 bail, which 
he furnished. 

The captured birds were taken to the yard 
back of the Squire's office and all but 5 were re- 
leased^ The remainder were taken to Harrisburg. 

During the past week Dr. Kalbfus has done 
considerable effective work in different parts of 
the State. Monday, at Lilly, Cambria county, he 
secured the conviction of 2 miners who had 
beaten down the nests of orioles and killed the 
young birds. Being unable to pay fines of $50 
the miners went to jail for 50 days. At Wood- 
bury, Bedford county, a man who amused him- 
self shooting swallows paid a fine of $30. Dr. 
Kalbfus will be busy again next week. — Pennsyl- 
vania Paper. 

Brunhouse will, no doubt, have to pay his 
fine eventually. He will probably decide to 
do so without paying out other good money 
to some lawyer to defend him. When Dr. 
Kalbfus gets after a law breaker, his name 
might just as well be Dennis as Brunhouse, 
or anything else. Brunhouse goes down in 
the game hog register as No. 922. 



RANGE OF THE GLACIER BEAR. 

At the foot of Mount St. Elias and reach- 
ing from the head of Disenchantment bay 
to the Copper river delta, a distance of over 
150 miles, is the great Malsipena glacier. 
At one or 2 points it breaks into the Pa- 
cific ocean. The glacier is gradually reced- 
ing inland and has left a strip of land along 
the shore varying from a few yards to 15 
miles in width. As a rule this strip of 
land slopes gently back from the sea. The 
formation is sandstone and this section is 
known as sand dunes. It has a scattered 
and stunted growth of spruce timber with 
plenty of grass and small berries. 

As soon as the snow goes off the dunes 
in spring and during the summer, this strip 
of land is the home of the gfa«ier, or blue, 
bear. At intervals rapid rivers find their 
way under the glaciers and across this strip 
of land to the sea. They are difficult and 
dangerous to cross. The boulders in them 
are covered with fine glacial mud, slippery 



as soft soap, the rivers are swift, cold and 
usually about 4 feet deep. Outfit required: 
Folding canvas canoe, small bore smokeless 
rifle, carbine style ; small field glasses, com- 
pass, ice creepers, etc. 

Land at Kayak island from steamer, 
cross over to Auktalee sand spit, $y 2 miles, 
on the mainland, thence 25 miles down the 
coast past Cape Suckling to the Indian 
camp known as the Seal House. Go into 
camp there, and you will have one or 2 
glacier bears within 2 weeks. Bears will be 
found feeding on the grass and berries on 
the dunes between the glaciers and the sea. 
It would be advisable to secure the services 
of an Indian guide, or of a white man who 
is familiar with the country. 

L. L. Bales, Seattle, Wash. 



EIGHTY FOXES CAUGHT WITH TERRIER. 

I read in September Recreation a note 
from F. W. Stapleton in reply to an article 
published 7 or 8 months ago, signed by 
me, and which was written over 5 years 
ago. That was before the law was enacted 
in this State which prohibts the sale of 
game, and at that time 6 weeks more were 
allowed to hunting than are at present. 

I agree with Mr. Stapleton that game is 
more plentiful now than for years past ; 
but at the time my letter to Recreation 
was written game was scarcer than I ever 
knew it to be. 

Is it strange Mr. Stapleton never heard 
of a fox terrier being used in hunting 
foxes? Every hunter learns something 
new every year he hunts, or every time 
he reads Recreation. 

It is never too late to learn, and here is 
Mr. Stapleton's chance. 

In the spring of 1897 George Shaw did 
capture over 80 foxes with a fox terrier. 
Every farmer in that region who knew of a 
fox burrow sent word to Mr. Shaw. His 
fox terrier would go into the hole and 
drive out both old and young foxes. They 
would be either shot or caught, though 
most «f them were caught alive. Mr. 
Shaw sold over 50 live foxes that year, 
shipping them to the Southern States. 

I should be glad to make an appointment 
with Mr. Stapleton next spring, so that he 
may see a fox terrier drive out foxes. 

Dr. S. B. Keith, Palmer, Mass. 



A BOY'S LUCK. 
We had gone into the big woods of 
Maine for our annual hunt, and had taken 
up our quarters at one of the many com- 
fortable log camps of that country. Early 
on the morning after our arrival the guide 
and I started out to provide venison for 
the camp. We crossed the lake in the 
canoe, and took a short cut through the 
forest to another lake about 2 mites be- 
yond. We saw ntthing on the \tf3y out, 



4 8 



RECREATION. 



but on the return trip, as we came along 
an old rocky road, we caught a glimp 
a big buck ;* but lie had already winded us 
and was making long leaps through a 

win 

lv the next morning 
another trail. We had 
mile from camp when a young spike buck 
lew jumps, and. like 

I topped to look back That 

re he made a mistake. The next in- 
stant a bullet from my ride landed just 
back o! his shoulder, and making J | 

mon down in a bunch. 1 he 

pui,\ d him and carried him to camp. 

\\ hen I tell JTOU I am but II yi 

can imagine what a flurn citement 

there and what a shower of cong 

olati on me That was the 

r of th< killed at that camp, 

thou ral old hunters had been put- 

ting in full time in the woods for 3 or 4 
rrived. 

K. I midt, Jr.. Augusta, Ga. 



:.\ DISGRACE. 

m a constant reader of your splendid 

magazine and much admire the stand you 

t the people you have very 

j. The last ses- 

M< ntana's Legislature passed a 

law that allowed the shooting of chickens 

on the 15th gust, instead of the 1st 

eptember, as has been the law here for 

man; In my opinion such a law is 

much at fault. Birds are not able to take 

care of themselves at such an early age, 

and, consequently, men with but little of 

the true sportsman's instinct can ruthlessly 

slaughter many birds without giving them 

the least chance for their lives. I should 

like to learn your opinion on that subject. 

K M. R., Butte, Montana. 

That clause in your game law is a long 
step backward. Nearly all the States in the 
1 n are gradually shortening the open 
killing game and at the same 
■time are placing limits on the number of 
birds or animals which each man may kill 
in a day or a «ea<=on. Some States which 
prov g limits a few years ago have 

recently reduced them. In spite of all such 
provisions, game of all kinds is constantly 
decreasing in numbers everywhere, and it 
is indeed unfortunate thai Montana should 
have gone backward in the matter of pro- 
tecting her prairie chickens. — Editor. 



IT WAS F.XTF.SCjve. 

■x few fa ■-.'-' ■■'■ ting City Mnrshnl Smith 
and the I 1 

over 60 teal ducks, Mr. B 
the 51 shots. — Ifemj I 

Replying to my inquiry as to the truth of 
the foregoing report. Mr. Butt says: 

Rut fltfft I fear you would consider me a 



game hog I should enter a plea of guilty 
to the charge. 1 trust I can with safety, 
however, state that the shooting was the 
best I have en: 

J. S. Butt, Clarksdale, Miss. 
The inference is therefore, that the state- 
ment quoted above is correct. While 
killing is not nearly & -ive as that 

of many others I have to report, yet it 

excessive. 1 take it for granted that 

and your friend are gentlemen, and as 
such you should have been satisfied with 

• r 20 ducks each. This is about the 
limit among all high class sportsmen of to- 
day. It is true that 2 Slates in the Union 

lly autl the killing of a larger 

number, but that does not prove that it is 
I know plenty of men in the 2 
States referred to who quit when tin;. 
10 or a dozen, even though they have 
chances to kill many more; and I trust 
that you and Mr. Smith may hereafter be 
satisfied when you get enough. — Editor. 



GAME .NOTES. 

14. Dccov. Robert 11. Svms, New 
York. X. Y. Filed Oct. 28, 1901. 
Serial No. 80.225. 
Claim. — A sheet metal profile piece and a 




separate and independent flat sheet metal 
back piece, said profile piece having a slot 
at the tail end and the back piece having a 
slot fitting over the profile piece when the 
back piece is slid into the slot in the pro- 
file piece, etc. 



August 6th and 7th, last, Andrew and 
Charlrs Schoonemaker. of this place, went 
to Yellow creek to hunt prairie or sage 
chickens, killing 30 the 6th and 20 the 7th. 
The younger man is an engineer and spends 
his time at this end of the road, hunting. 
When he is at work, his father and the rest 
of the family go hunting, averaging 4 or 5 
days a week. 

Prairie chickens arc scarce here. Some 
sportsmen say the sheep tramp out the 
nests in the spring, but it seems to 
ni" the <dieep are not entirely to blame. 

Florence L. A. Smith, Evanston, Wyo. 

Charging the disappearance of prairie 



FROM THE GAME FIELDS. 



49 



chickens to sheep is new. Sheep are a 
curse to any big game country, and no 
doubt they do destroy many nests of birds ; 
but it is due to such persistent and disrep- 
utable pot hunters as the Schoonemakers 
that the sage grouse, and all other game 
birds everywhere in the country, are grad- 
ually being exterminated. August Schoone- 
maker is game hog No. 923 and Charles 
is 924. — Editor. 

If your magazine was read more gener- 
ally in this State, there would be fewer 
side hunts, and you would have fewer pic- 
tures to print of the work of game hogs. 
You are doing a grand work and I hope 
you will keep on until the people have 
learned what constitutes a sportsman and 
discovered that there are nobler things in 
nature than can be found between brick 
walls in the everlasting fight for wealth. 
G. H. Priest, Waltham, Mass. 

ANSWER. 

Recreation is very generally read by the 
decent sportsmen in your State, as well as 
in all the others, but, unfortunately, there 
are thousands of game butchers every- 
where who do not read it. These are the 
chaps I am trying to reach, and if sports- 
men will send me the names and addresses 
of any such I will gladly send them sample 
copies. — Editor. 



735,290. Snow Shoe. Chandley E. Phelps, 
Boonville, N. Y. Filed Feb. 7, 1903. 
Serial No. 142,267. 




Claims. — The combination of the bow 
frame, the cross bars and the hanger 4 hav- 
ing a wall extending down on the inside 
of the face of the bow and a socket therein 
to Receive the end of the cross bars and 
havmg means for securing it to the top of 
the bow. 

The principal game hunted here by the 
true sportsmen is ducks and quails, and if 
we could read more about this kind of 
hunting in your journal. I believe it would 
interest many more in Ohio ; but of course 
you have many readers to please, each of 
whom has likes and dislikes different from 
those of the others. I am glad' to see the 
rapid advance our American people are 
making in their idea of recreation in the 
field. Doctors advise people in all wall 
life to take vacations If one has his busi- 
ness on his mind 50 weeks in the year, he is 
entitled to 2 weeks for recreation. He will 



live longer by taking them, feel happier, be 
of better service, and lose nothing but what 
ought to be lost. 

Geo. M. Clouse, M.D., Columbus, Ohio. 



730,528. Animal Trap. Alanson D. Gas- 
ton, Washington, D. C. Filed Oct. 22, 
1902. Serial No. 128,361. 




Claim. — An animal trap comprising a 
base member and a spring actuated bail 
member, a trigger, and a latch, and a trip- 
board pivotally secured to the base mem- 
ber and overhanging the end of the trigger 
member. 

Fergus Falls, Minn. — A young man named 
Paul Meyer was brought into the justice court 
in this city on complaint of Deputy Game War- 
den Jones, who charged him with shooting a 
grouse out of season in the town of Edna. He 
pleaded not guilty and was convicted after a stub- 
bornly fought trial. The costs in the case were 
$58.82, and the court fined him $10, making a 
total of $68.82. 

The above, from the St. Paul Dispatch, 
goes to show that all high priced hunting 
is not confined to big game. If we had 
more wardens like Mr. Jones we would 
have more game. 

M. E. Daniels, Monticello, Minn. 

Paul's number in the game hog register 
is 925. — Editor. 



The game in this section is all shot off 
by fellows who find a covey of birds and 
follow them day after day till they are all 
gone. I promise you to do all I can in this 
mailer, and always what 1 can toward pro- 
tection of game everywhere. 

W. S. Shaw, Blacksburg, Va. 



Recreation will find a place in our home 
as long as we have one ; and I tender you 
my thanks for the advocacy of the prin- 
ciples you are putting to the front — game 
protection and nature study. May there be 
much more of them in the world before it 
is too late. You have the heartiest well 
wishes of the vast army of sportsmen and 
nature lovers of this country. 

James A. Lawrie, Toledo, Ohio. 



A little girl thus described a dachshund 
she had seen : "It was one of those funny 
ones, you know; the ones that are a dog 
and a half long and half a dog high. You 
must know the sort. It is a dog that only 
I legs, but looks as if it ought to have 
6." — The Inglenook. 



H AND FISHING. 



3TING. 
In N J. P. Jaeger, of 

l tell 
him l\ mill! 

.11 endeavor ti> answer, but want to be 
understood i ex- 

pertnc>s in this art. I 1 claim 

that the tackle and Is 1 use are the 

the purpose, though they have 
prcn :ne. 

I a rod with single 

. cork ! hook 

te tip of 

finished in 

My reel is the 

'.c mull known as Shakes- 

I, w ith jeweled hear 

No. 5 silk line. I 

- tandard silk 

r to have plenty 

of n flies tied 

: these I at- 
tach to a No. o ing spin- 
1 to the line with a metal coup- 

-cmbled these I wind up my 
line until the bait is near the end of the rod, 
place my thumb on reel spool, and throw 
off both brake and click. When the rod is 
at the proper point in e 1 release the 

spool of my reel, but keep my thumb touch- 
. when I so desire, stop my bait by 
a slij - the spool. This thumb- 

is the difficult feature of bait casting 
and requires practice to perform it nicely. 
It ir pn vent the line from 

running and 1 ing. In casting, 

the motive power is born of the spring of 
the rod. 

Wl : ng with minnows, I use No. 

■ roat hooks on double gut snells and 

hook tl through upper lip, except 

ins. With them 

attached to the 

spin- i. and tic my minnow to 

the 1 [] wire through 

ills. 

is an art requiring consider- 

: a n id sup- 

iffer the least resis- 

c to the line. 

i shore casting attach to 
line any small weight, run a tape line I0O 

1 and fasten at 

and casl down 

' and accu- 

will be able to place your 

bait where you desire. 

W. S. Moke, Wadena, la. 



river, Florida, by Mr. C. M. Hapgood, of Easton, 
l'.i. The total weight of the catch was 105 pounds, 
the larRest tish weighing 13 pounds, and 5 other 
fish weighing over 10 pounds each. These were 
all trout with one exception, a bass. Mr. Hap- 

Sood fished 5 different days, 3 or 4 hours each 
jht in all 19^ trout, the total weight 
g 6yo pounds. — Boot and Shoe Record. 

I wrote Mr. Hapgood, asking if this re- 
port was correct and he replied as follows: 

Your information is about correct. Feb- 
ruary 13th I caught, in Indian river, Flor- 
ide, 32 trout that weighed 95 pounds; larg- 
est one, 12 pounds ; 14th, 36 trout and 4 
bass that weighed 105 pounds, largest one 
11 pounds; 15th, 18 trout that weighed 77 
pounds; 17th, 12 trout that weighed 45 
-omuls; 19th, 25 trout that weighed 104 
pounds, 5 of them 10 to 13 pounds each; 
21st, 11 trout that weighed 50 pounds; 22d, 
24 trout that weighed 84 pounds; 23d, 30 
trout that weighed 130 pounds, 9 of these 
weighing 95 pounds; total catch 188; total 
weight 000 pounds. These weights are ex- 
actly those allowed my guide when he sold 
the fish. 

C. M. Hapgood, Easton, Pa. 

Here is another case of a man making 
a hog of himself simply because he does not 
know any better. Evidently the trouble 
with this man is that he does not know 
anything of the modern advancement in 
sportsmanship. He knows that up to 10 or 
15 years ago a man was justified in catch- 
ing all the fish or killing all the game pos- 
sible and then boasting of it. Haneood has 
innocently had himself photographed with 
23 big sea trout. No modern, up-to-date 
angler would have taken more than 5 or 6 
such fish in a dav. but Hapgood does not 
know this. He simply followed the ex- 
ample of old-time fishermen, caught all he 
could and then had his picture taken with 
the fish. If he lives long enough to learn 
what gentlemen think of such work nowa- 
days he will be ashamed that he ever stood 
up in front of the camera with such an ar- 
ray of slaughter about him and that he 
ever confessed to having committed such 
an act of butchery. Hapgood's number in 
the fish hog pen is 926. — Editor. 



HI MOULD READ MClZATft 
The photograph whi-h is reproduced on this 
page is the result of one day's fishing ia Indian 



WHO CAN TELL THEIR NAMES? 
A good instance of the proper treatment 
of fish hog* came under my netice the 
other day. Six Chicago business men had 
been fishing at Bang's lake, Wauconda, 
Lake county, 111., and some farmers had 
caught them using a seine. The farmers 
ordered them to leave town and never be 
caught around there again ; but to their 
I the diversion was too tempting and 
worth the risk, so back they canae, camp 



50 



FISH AND FISHING. 



5' 



and baggage. The farmers soon spotted 
them and, watching results, saw they were 
at their old game. The next night, while 
the hogs were out on the lake, a crowd of 
farmers collected at their tent and set 
everything on lire. Being attracted by the 
flames, the fishermen returned to within 
talking distance of the shore. Words were 
exchanged, and 2 of the fellows drew re- 
volvers, discharging several shots, but the 
farmers did not scare. Instead, they 
opened up with some well loaded shot 
guns, rushed out, got the fellows, took 
them ashore and gave them a sound beat- 
ing. The Chicago men left town that night 
via the middle of the road and took a 12 
mile walk to Parrington, the nearest rail- 
road station. From what I heard, a number 
of them will eat their meals off mantlepieces 
for several weeks, as they picked up a 
number of shot and stopped some large 
clubs in strong hands. The farmers burned 
every article the hogs had, from tent down. 
It would be well if a few more of the fish 
hog species were treated in a like manner. 
The names of the party were : Wallace 
Graham, a young Chicago lawyer; John 
French, Arthur Briggs and his man, and 
Walter Holland. McK., Chicago. 

The Legislature of Illinois should pass, 
at its next session, a special act, exempting 
these farmers from taxation during the re- 
mainder of their lives. I heartily com- 
mend their example to all other farmers in 
this country. Can any reader of Recrea- 
tion in that vicinity tell me the names of 
these sturdy sons of toil in order that I 
may do them further honor? — Editor. 



THE SPAFFORD-McLEAN CASE. 

I am a reader of Recreation, a sports- 
man and a lover of fair play. While I be- 
lieve in upholding our game laws and in 
the punishment of violators of the same, I 
think one article in your September issue 
needs to be taken with salt. It was con- 
cerning the shooting of old man McLean 
last April by Game Warden Bert Spafford, 
of Cadillac. Public opinion in that section 
labels the act as a cold blooded murder. 
Even the friends of Spafford do not claim 
he was pinned down to the ground by a 
spear, as stated in your article. There was 
not a scratch on Spafford's body, though 
there was a torn place in his coat to help 
his story. 

Old man McLean was a game law viola- 
tor, and as such deserved the punishment 
the law provides for such offenses. Per- 
sonally, he was a kind hearted, harmless 
citizen and had hosts of friends. I don't 
know what you think, but I think the life 
of one human being is worth more than 
all the game in Michigan. 

McLean's was the second life that has 
Jteec Wotted out hy tJje enrk of Spafford'? 



gun. The majority of the citizens of Mich- 
igan prefer men, not murderers, for officers 
of the law. We haven't any promotion for 
Mr. Spafford. 

W. A. White, Petoskey, Mich. 



ANSWER. 



I am not prepared to place any value on 
the life of McLean, but there are men in 
every community who are not worth the 
powder it would take to kill them, and a 
man who will sneak out at night and spear 
fish in violation of law can, as a rule, safely 
be placed in that class. — Editor. 



NEW MINNOW TRAP. 
73Ij39& Minnow Trap. O'Neal Watson, 
Crawfordsville, Ind., assignor of one- 
half to Charles E. Lacey, Crawfords- 
ville, Ind. Filed Dec. 2. 1902. Serial 
No. 133,598. (No model.) 




Claim. — A minnow trap comprising a 
bottom, triangular and plates hinged to the 
bottom, glass side panes closing the spaces 
between the end plates, and a ridge plate 
connecting the tops of the end plates and 
covering the upper edges of the glass side 
panes, etc. 



TONS OF FISH WASTED. 

Avalon, Cal., July ax. — The tons of fish landed 
in yesterday's slaughter were nearly all hauled out 
to sea and dumped to-day. Most of the fish 
which were caught were yellowtail, and there 
being sufficient of the more edible varieties, such 
as barracuda and bass, to supply the local and 
shipping demands, the yellowt'iil were all thrown 
away. Probably 2 tons of this single variety 
were thus disposed of. Many of the launches 
which came in loaded yesterday did not stop to 
unload the fish, but steamed back out to sea and 
threw them overboard. Scores of fish brought in 
in rowhoats were dumped on the beach, and 
thrown back into the water to-day. The wanton 
slaughter and the reckless waste of these edible 
varieties of fish was an old story to the local 
inhabitants, but to the big crowd of summer vis- 
itors, unused to such scenes, it appeared like a 
cruel sacrifice. Many of the fishermen as well 
as the visitors condemn these wholesale slaugh- 
ters. 

The above item, from a California pa- 
per, will crive Eastern anglers an idea of 
the slaughter that is constantly going on at 
the West coast fishing resorts. Fish were 
never more plentiful and fishermen never 



52 



R EC RE AT h 



so numerous. A few copies of Recreation 
\valon and Redondo might 
have a good eft 

B. C. Hinman, Long Peach, Cal. 

730,064. Trolli: rt W. Wll- 

Apnl 

14, :al No. 102.785. (No 

model.) 




Clam — V link for fishing gear, said link 
compns;: bent to I 

at the ends of the 
link,' the end portions of the wire 1 
projected past each other and laid hack 
alongside of the middle portion, a c 1 
d end portions sir. 

and middle 

;he wire forming the shank of 

the link ring inclosing said 

shank and extending continuously from 

one eye to the other, etc. 

T 1 nclos< a clipping from the Battle Creek 
Journal, which I wish uld publish. 

Roast these brisflchacks brown. 

C. R. O., Climax, Mich. 

- ->lmen Miller and GodsTinrk were fishing 
lake. The report of their 
catch is 724 blucgills. 

I wrote these men for confirmation of 
this report and received the following re- 
ply: 

The report is correct except as to the 
number of fish, which was ; 

Sidney Godsmark, Battle Creek, Mich. 

It is not nece^ary to waste valuable 
1 what I think of you, 
any further than to say that I have en- 
tered your name in the fi<=h hojr book as 
Tiller's rs No. 928. Thou- 
I of your ex- 
• will form their own estimate of you. 
— Editor. 



•s the following catch of 

[e.: Fri- 

'• 72; 

' -. Judah snys 

the lalr<, excrpt his 

which ST. TIr goes 

e as an ild shoot 

- and 
The 
d Judah fishes. — 
rnaL 

On Ir. Judah writes as follows: 

T caught l .\\ mouth bass in one 



in Belgrade lakes. For small mouth 
there are no better lakes in 
Maine than Belgrade. 

A. Judah, Kansas City, Mo. 

If all the people who go to Belgrade 

uch bristles as you do the fish- 

there would not be worth 10 cents a 

from now. Your number 

in the I book is 929.— Editor. 

I have just heard that Will Thomas and 
a friend from Roxhury. Me., caught 800 
brook trout yesterday. Kindly write them 
and find out "if true : then see that they get 
advertised in good shape. 

S. J.. Rumford Falls, Me. 

My inquiry brought the following 
answer : 

Who reported the trout that a friend and 
I caught? We both caught 400 fish in one 
day and their weight was about 50 pounds. 
William Thomas, Roxbury, Me. 

It matters not who made the report, 
r own statement is sufficient to brand 
and your friend as fish hogs with un- 
usually long bristles. Your number in the 
fish hog record is 930, and I only regret 
I have not the name of the rooter who ac- 
companied you. — Editor. 



In my capacity as justice of the peace I 
have had the pleasure of soaking it to b 
persons for seining in Lake Shetek ; one 
paid $50 and costs, the other $100 and costs. 
There is a warrant out for anot' er fellow, 
and it will cost him $100 when he is brought 
in. This has driven from the lake several 
persons who have been seining fish for a 
living. I was also instrumental in getting 
the game warden here last year, when we 
caught the Walnut Grove crowd. It cost 
them $157 to square up matters, as reported 
to you by Rear Warden Morgan, of Albert 
Lea, Minn., last winter. 

Chas. E. Price, Currie, Minn. 

Here is another administrator of the law 
who knows how to deal with game and 
fish pirates. I wish we had such men- in 
every township of the United States. — 
Editor. 

POACHERS FINED. 
The Kennebec, Me.. Journal says: John A. 
n of Smyrna Mills, deputy sheriff of Aroos- 
took county, Dr. Wellington of Boston, and John 
Mitchell of Moro, were caught recently netting 
trout in Hope pond in Moro plantation. They 
were ~<1 by Warden Templeton and were 

ted and paid a fine of $50. — Bangor, Me., 
Daily News. 

This is an astonishing report to b^ sent 
out about a deputy sheriff and a Hoston 
doctor, especially. The report does not say 
anything as to John Mitchell, but I take it 
for granted his ideas of sport must be of a 
degraded sort, or he would not have ber.i 



FISH AND FISHING. 



53 



found in such company. I am glad these 
men were tried before a judge who knows 
how to deal with such disreputable char- 
acters. Deputy Sheriff Brown's number in 
the pig pen is 931. Dr. Wellington's is 
932 and John Mitchell's is 933. — Editor. 



Can you tell me how to determine the 
age of brook trout? 
H. B. Thompson, Somersworth, N. H. 

ANSWER. 

If you refer to wild brook trout, it is 
practically impossible to tell their age with 
any degree of accuracy. The age must be 
estimated largely from the size, but that 
varies materially with their environment 
and the abundance and kind of food. In 
New Hampshire, wild brook trout ordinar- 
ily run 6 to 8 inches in length when 3 years 
old, although it is possible, under favorable 
conditions, for a 3-year-old brook trout to 
weigh half a pound. To be able to de- 
termine the age of brook trout in any 
particular stream, special observations 
would have to be made for a series of 
years. — Editor. 

736,880. Fishing Reel. Edward D. Rock- 
well, Bristol, Conn. Filed March 7, 
1903- Serial No. 146,773. 




Claim. — In a fishline reel, the combina- 
tion, with a drag, of a knob controlling said 
drag, and an indicating point mounted on 
said knob and capable of movement with 
relation thereto, etc. 

Messrs. Frank Deno and E. J. Falkner re- 
turned from a 3 days' fishing trip down on the 
Big Hole river near Twin Bridges, last Satur- 
day. Their catch for the 3 days numbered be- 
tween 1,000 and 1,200. — Dillon, Mont., Examiner. 

Regarding this report Falkner says : 

My fishing is not in the least overesti- 
mated in the report you mention. 

E. J. Falkner, Rochester, Mont. 

Your fish hog brand is No. 934 and 
Deno's is 935. — Editor. 



Harrisburg, Pa. — In Centre county last week a 
fish warden of the Pennsylvania department of 
fisheries caught John Kosick and J. L. Millard 
fishing for trout. They resisted the efforts to 
examine their baskets and the officers were com- 
pelled to use force. Twenty-eight trout under 6 
inches in length were found in their possession. 
They pleaded guilty to violating the fish law and 
paid $280 fine for the short trout and $100 each 



for resisting the officer, making a total of $480.— 
Altoona, Pa., Tribune. 

Kosick's number in the pen is 936 and 
Millard's is 937. — Editor. 



Ed Medbury and Lis brother Louis caught 40c 
trout in the river near Mcdburyville the other 
day. — Deerfield Valley, Vt., Times. 

To my inquiry Medbury replied : 

The number of trout caught by my 
brother and me in one day was 405 

E. F. Medbury, Wilmington, Vt. 

Your name goes down to posterity in the 
fish hog book is No. 938 and that, of your 
brother as 939. — Editor. 



While dynamiting a stream to kill fish, at 
Walter, Okla., Professor E. Horn, a prominent 
educator of Alabama, was killed by the explosion 
of a cartridge in his hands. — Exchange. 

Here is another dynamiter who got what 
he deserved. — Editor. 



AN EXPEDITION. 

EFFIE L. EDLER. 

Jimmie went a fishin' 

With his pa to-day; 
Carried bait and triggin', 

Walkin' all the way. 
Took a little lunch along, 

An' some water, too; 
How th' fish'l suffer 

'Fore the even in* dew ! 
If they come home loaded 

Jimmie will recite 
'Bout the little fishes 

'Fore he says good night. 
'Spect his little prayers'll be 

Mixin' in the brook, 
Tellin' Jesus how he 

"Caught 'em with a honk." 
But I think the Lord will 

Keep him 'till the morn, 
For he is the dearest 

Boy that e'er was born. 



Beginning about the 25th of each month, 
I haunt the news stands until Recreation 
comes out. I consider it the best maga- 
zine published, and I have read all of them. 
The Gun and Ammunition department af- 
fords a great deal of information and con- 
siderable amusement. From the first to the 
last page you pound away at game hogs 
with great persistence and very plain lan- 
guage. They deserve it all and I hope it 
will do them good. 

A. C. Ludington, Marquette, Mich. 



"What was old Thomson grumbling to 
you about? II is health, as usual?" 

"Yes. He complained that he was feel 
ing somewhat better." — Exchange. 



GUNS A\n AMMUNITION. 

Anybody can I I til J iy, man will quit when he cets enough. 



T C #eNNCTT.P«t».oi«t 



WINCHESTER SAYS YES AN'D XO. 

CEHOOSON.VPxiiiTata MS LEONARB.Aui Tiui 



A I WARO.Stc«tT*«r 



WINCHESTER REPEATING ARMS CO. 

MANWrACTUHIRS OF 

RIFLES.SHOTGUNS J. ALL KINDS OF AM MUNITION. 

ALL LtrTtft* SHOULD BC ADDRESSCO TO THE COMPANY. 



A. 65590 



New Haven. Conn. U.S.A. 

September 23, 1903. 



Mr. A. V. Huyler. 

C/o I. K. wfcite & Co., #21 Kaiden Lane, 
flew York, K.Y. 
Dear Sir:- 

Keplying to your favor of the 22nd lnit., would 
say we shall probably put an automatic shot gun upon 
tht market, but we are not prepared at this time to 
give any Information concerning it and we can eey that 
it will not be done this year. 

Youre respectfully, 

Wincheett«r~£*£3?t i ng Arms Co. 
tffp^^a^ Aaat.Trea.. 



. Haven, Conn. 
November 2, 19x53. 
Mr. Charles Vitous, 

! W. 25th St, Chicago, 111. 
Dear Sir: 

We note your protest against something 
which we do not happen to havi 
We regard the advertisement of the 
Piling gun in Recreati a skilful 

piec» k on the part of t!i< I fe 

Bet forth the good qualities of that gun with 
great distinctness; at the same time threw 



as much mud at the Winchester Company 
as he was able. A few people may be de- 
ceived. We feel that the editor was not 
acting in good faith. He started to adver- 
tise the Browning gun. Ife was afraid to 
dn so openly. lie would like to show the 
Winchester Company at fault. 

Nobody can be more interested in the 
■rvation of game than the Winchester 
Company. Yours respectfully, 

Winchester Repeating Arms Co., 
(Signed) T. S. Bennett, President. 



54 



GVN£ AND AMMUNITION. 5J 

t C 8CNKCTT P.t» ot.T CC.HOOSON.VPmitTHM. H S LEONARD. AntTmu A I WA«O.Ju.i.., T . 

WINCHESTER REPEATING ARMS CO. 

MANUFACTURERS OF 

RIFLES. SHOTGUNS* ALL KINDS OF AM MUNITION. 

Alk LETTERS SHOULD BE ADDRESSED TO THE COMPANY. 

H. 98263, New Haven. Conn. U.S.A. 

November 6, 1903. 
Mr. C. F. Dill, Chief Warden, 

Greenville, S.C. 

Dear Sir: — 

We have your valued favor of the 31st October, and would 

8ay in reply that we suppose that your letter is influenced by the 

article contained in RECREATION, which was a hit at us, • dishonestly 

we think. The Editor wanted to advertise a certain automatic shotgun, 

and did So describing in detail its excellencies and giving the name 

of the maker. He covered this by urging the readers to take a 

decided stand against the Winchester company. We regard it as 

unfortunate for our interests that we have not any gun of the kind. 

We feel, however, on the basis of the interest which has been excited 

by the magazine in question, that the people desiring automatic guns 

are very much greater in number than those who do not desire them. 

We believe in the preservation of game, but do not believe 

that game will be preserved by any delay in the state of any art. 

People who want these guns are not "pot-hunters , but people who do 

not believe as you do, and have a different opinion of the Editor 

of RECREATION. 

Yours respectfully, 

Winchester Repeating Arms Co. 



'•^=35W 




reaidenjb* 



New Haven, Conn. In reply we would say that since we with- 

November 6, 1903. drew our advertisement from RECREATION 

Mr. Chas. IT. Benthey, we have noticed that the editor's position 

Hampden, Va. toward us has been somewhat more acri- 

Dear Sir: monious. We do not think he is acting 

We have your valued favor of the 4th honestly with you or with us. He put out a 

November, and note contents of the same. good ad for the Browning automatic gun, 



56 



RECREATION. 



describing it? extreme efficiency and giving 

the name of the makers ; and then by way 

•ace he I 

the Winch( mpany. Wc 

mate we have 

the kind described at present. \ quite 

: will cha: bout 

tit sport-men. and \ just as anx- 

are. We 

itertained a 

rry to hear 

liable to lose it if we continue to 

. . . 

et fully. 
Winchester ting Arms Co., 

(Signed) T. S. Bennett, President 

Tt will be seen that in the letter from the 
mpany reproduced herewith 
and dated September 23, they 5 

"We shall probably put an automatic shot 
gun on the market. " 

I know from other reliable sources that 
have been busy several months build- 
machinery for the making of an auto- 
ic gun. 

Then in the letter to Mr. Vitous they say, 

"We note your protest against something 
ch we do not happen to have." 

Not yet, of course, but they are making it. 
In the letter to Mr. Dill, dated Nov. 6, 
'903, Mr. Bennett says : 

"We regard it as unfortunate for our 
interests that we have not any gun of the 
kind 

In the same letter Mr. Bennett says: 

"The editor wanted to advertise a certain 
automatic in, and did so, . . 

giving the name of the maker." 

These statements are directly in conflict. 
Mr. Bennett ai ne of advertisii 

rival gun. and of naming the maker the: 
in my editorial in I RECREATION. 

!1 give Mr. Bennett $1,000 if he will 
point out to me the name of the makers 
of the other automatic gun referred to in 
that article. As matter- now stand Mr. 
ett him the honor of first hav- 

trowning gun in R] 
id the makers of that gun are wel- 
come to whatev this may do them. 

r 14 I wrote this 
to Browning Brothers : 

r Sirs : 

n that you have put out 
an automatic gun. If I had known you con- 
templated tl I ould h you 
though I do not imagine 
Ivice from n 
It wool that the small remnant of 
w remain-, of the mil- 
lions that were formerly on this continent, 



could be killed off fast enough with the 

double barrel guns and pump guns; and I 

et that a still more destructive weapon 

should have been made and offered for sale. 

While not wishing to injure your legiti- 

business, 1 shall oppose the use and 

of these guns to the best of my ability. 

Yours truly, G. O. Shields. 

Mr. M S. Browning replied to this, under 
of October 24, as follows : 

Dear Sir: 

Replying to your favor of 14th would say, 
if the only way to protect the game was to 
limit the efficiency of the gun you would 
have to advocate the flintlock; and even 
that arm, if unrestricted, would be an awful 
game exterminator. There are general re- 
strictions that are properly made, limiting 
the season, the bag, the bore, marketing, 
etc., to amply protect the game, and as arms 
have been made more effective the lines 
have had to be drawn closer. . . . 

Am sorry you have decided to oppose the 
arm. as we had expected to be able to make 
satisfactory arrangements for advertising 
with you when we were prepared to ad- 
vertise. 

Yours truly, 

M. S. Browning. 

If Mr. Bennett doubts the authenticity 
of these letters, I shall be glad to have him 
call, or send a man here, and I will show 
him my carbon copy of my letter to Brown- 
ing Brothers, and Mr. Browning's original 
r to me as quoted. 

I should further like to have Mr. Bennett 
point out to me any mud I have thrown 
at his company, or anything that has ap- 
peared in Rec reation since he withdrew his 
ad that is in the least "acrimonious" to- 
ward his company. On the contrary he can 
find on page 376 November Recreation 2 
articles defending the pump gun which Mr. 
Bennett makes. On page 377 of the same 
issue I printed an article entitled "The 
Ideal Gun," which strongly recommends 
certain of the Winchester rifles. On page 
3< Q o is another article commending the Win- 
chester pump gun. On page 3X4 the 
Winchester 25-35 rifle gets a good send off. 
Then on page 460 of December Recreation 
the Winchester Company gets more free ad- 
vertising. Will Mr. Bennett please point 
out to me any instance in which I have 
ed him "acrimoniously" since he with- 
drew his ad? 

My protest against the automatic gun, in 
November Ke< keation, is a straightforward, 
manly appeal to the sportsmen of the coun- 
try on behalf of the birds. I made no at- 
tempt whatever to injure the Winch 
Company. They had announced in writing 
their intention of placing on the market an 
automatic gun, and I undertook to have my 






GUNS AND AMMUNITION. 



57 



readers convince them that such a gun 
should not be made and sold. Mr. Bennett 
has seen fit to force a fight on me ; but what- 
ever I may do or say in this matter, here- 
after, will be entirely fair and unprejudiced. 
Inasmuch as the Winchester Company 
seems determined to go ahead and put out 
this automatic gun, and inasmuch as Brown- 
ing Brothers have already put one out, I, 
in common with many other sportsmen, 
realize that the time has come to prevent 
by law the sale and use of all repeating 
shot guns. Hence I have drafted a bill to 
prevent the use of these weapons and have 
sent copies of it to all the Chief Wardens 
of the League, and to many other promi- 
nent sportsmen, with a recommendation 
that it be introduced in their respective 
legislatures at the earliest possible date and 
pushed for passage. Here is a copy of the 
bill: 

AN ACT TO PROHIBIT THE USE OF 

REPEATING SHOT GUNS IN 

HUNTING BIRDS. 

The people of the State of rep- 

resented in Senate and Assembly, do en- 
act as follows 

Section I. It shall be unlawful to use, 
in hunting birds or animals of any kind, 
any shot gun holding more than 2 cart- 
ridges at one time, or that may be fired 
more than twice without reloading. 

Section 2. The intent and meaning of 
this bill is to prohibit the use of any so- 
called repeating shot gun or pump gun. 

Section 3. Any person found guilty of a 
violation of this statute shall be fined not 
more than $50 nor less than $25 for each 
offense ; and the carrying of any such gun 
in the woods or in the fields or on any of 
the waters of this State shall be considered 
prima facie evidence of an attempt to vio- 
late Section 1 of this statute, and shall be 
punished as provided in this section. 

Will Mr. Bennett please point out to me 
any instance in which I have shown parti- 
ality to Browning Brothers in framing this 
bill? 

MORE PROTESTS AGAINST THE AUTO- 
MATIC GUN. 

Forsyth, Ga. 
Winchester Repeating Arms Co., 
New. Haven, Conn. 
Dear Sirs : 

I have read in November Recreation a 
protest against a wrong which yon are 
about to commit against the game of this 
country, by manufacturing an automatic 
v shot gun. This is a matter which has con- 
cerned me for some time past. My atten- 
tion was first called to it by a friend in 
Macon Georgia, who is a dealer in sporting 
goods. We were discussing the advent of 



the 20 guage double as a genteel, sports- 
manlike weapon which would cultivate a 
sportsmanlike spirit in any man who would 
use one. lie remarked that there would 
soon be placed on the market an automatic 
gun, and that it would have to be manu- 
factured in either Belgium or Germany, as 
the Winchester people had refused to make 
it, on account of the general disapproval 
of such weapons, and the fact that its 
advent would result in the repeating guns 
being outlawed. He said he was opposed 
to selling an automatic gun, as he be- 
lieves in a man's being a clean sports- 
man, and not a game butcher. I was glad 
to hear that no American concern would 
agree to make such an engine of destruc- 
tion, for the introduction of such a gun 
would mean the extermination of our 
game birds. 

I use a double gun, and so does my 
hunting companion. We have shot 7 
years over the same ground, and to-day 
have as many birds as ever, because we are 
careful to leave a sufficient number out of 
each covey to provide breeders the fol- 
lowing season. If this automatic gun is 
made and placed in the hands of a game 
hogs, who will be the only ones to use it, 
the provident care of game by the sports- 
men will not amount to much. 

I notice that one automatic gun is now 
on the market and is doubtless being sold 
to men who are not satisfied with decent 
bags. This we can not prevent at once, but 
we can and do protest against another man- 
ufacturer's taking up such a weapon. 

Let the protest of the men who want to 
hunt the game and yet keep it, be heard 
and heeded. Your repeater should satisfy 
you. The coming of the automatic will 
ultimately mean the outlawing of the pump 
gun, as well as the automatic, and I shall 
try to have a bill passed at the coming ses- 
sion of the Georgia Legislature, to prevent 
the use of the automatic shot gun in this 
State. 

Respectfully yours, G. O. Persons. 

Baltimore, Md. 
Mr. G. O. Shields, 

New York. 
Dear Sir: 

I heartily commend your editorial in 
November Recreation on automatic guns. 
You will notice by the papers I sent you 
a day or 2 ago, containing a report of the 
annual meeting of our association, that I 
recommended the passage of such a law 
by the coming Legislature of Maryland, as 
will make unlawful the use of pump, or 
magazine guns. I expect to prepare such 
a bill to be presented to our Legislature, 
which will convene in January next. 

I shall be glad to unite with you in such 
manner as you may indicate to prevent the 



53 



RECREATION. 



use of these slaughter Runs, and you may 

rely i viand I it can to 

Kindly ind ny course you 

may ; . .md I 

• f my h operati 

M. Dennis. 
I tame and i 
Protective Ass'n. 

My Dear Coquina— I strongly end 

i tic gun. 

think of the continued 

g guns, though it 

go that we had al- 

; y reachi tint where the destruc- 

ter than 
the recuperative power of the game. 
.vl we have stopped swivels 
and uld he in favor of 

abolishing not only automatic guns hut re- 
I guns .and repeating ritlrs in 
field sports. E. T. Scton, New York. 

THREE NEW EJECTORS. 

01. Ejector for Firearms. Hermon 
L Powell, Utica, X. V., assignor to 
Remington Arms Company, Ilion, N. 
Y. Filed May 2. 1903. Serial No. 
i55.2o9- (No model.) 




Claim. — The combination in a breakdown 

firearm of the frame, barrel and barrel lug 

jointed to the frame, a sliding ejector 

:ited in the barrel lug, a starting lever 

and an ejector hammer both pivoted in the 

barrel lug and adapted to operate on the 

ejector, a projection on the frame to en- 

and operate the starting lever, a scar 

operating to secure said hammer and adapt- 

1 engage the frame adjacent to the joint 

and a spring for operating said ham- 

■ 

Kjector for Firearms. Charles 
Y. Rartholmes, Ilion, N. Y. Filed 
April 10, 1903. Serial No. 151,888. 




having a frame and a barrel and lug joint- 
ed to the frame to breakdown of the ejec- 
tor mounted on a longitudinal slide in the 
barrel lug and having a catch shoulder and 
a forcing spring of a catch and tupping 
lever having a shoulder to engage the shoul- 
der on the ejector slide and mounted on a 
vertical pivot in the barrel lug and a cam 
surface on the side of the frame to engage 
and operate said lever. 

732,187. Ejector for Firearms. George E. 
Humphreys, Ilion, N. Y., assignor to 
Remington Anns Company, Ilion, N. 
Y. Filed April 13, 1903. Serial No. 
152,352. (i\o model.) 




Claim. — The combination with a firearm 



Claim. — In an ejector mechanism for fire- 
arms, the combination of the frame, the 
barrel, a barrel lug adapted to enter a re- 
cess in the frame, the ejector, slidingly 
mounted in the barrel lug, a fillip arranged 
to strike the ejector and having an arm, a 
spring having a tooth co-operating with a 
corner on the fillip and a projection on the 
frame adapted to engage the arm of the 
fillip. 

THEY STILL WRITE PETERS. 

Grand Rapids, Mich. 
The Peters Cartridge Co., 
Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Dear Sirs — I notice in a recent copy of 
Recreation a letter indicating a controversy 
between yon and the editor of that publica- 
tion. I am surprised to learn that you 
make strong objections to a criticism such 
as was published, and, which, by the way, I 
noticed. 

I am personally a strong advocate of Pe- 
ters ammunition, and have been using it 
ral seasons. A large number of mem- 
bers of our local clubs are using your am- 
munition. I have never heard any com- 
plaints about it here, but I nave on one or 
2 occasions known of complaints from per- 
sons in other localities. 

I do not think you are justified in making 
the kick you do against Mr. Shields. When 
I was ad\ertising Clipper bicycles in his 
magazine, he did the same thing with me 
that he has done with you; it resulted in 
much good for the Clipper. I believe you 
will find that criticism has made friends for 
you or rather has brought out your friends. 
I also believe you should not discontinue 
your advertisement with Recreation. 

Mr. Shields is doing a great work in the 
game protection cause and he has lots of 



GUNS AND AMMUNITION. 



59 



friends; his work will benefit every gun and 
ammunition maker in the country, and I 
think all such concerns should favor his 
magazine. 

It is not often that I write a letter in de- 
fense of a publisher, as I have been for 
years an advertiser, and in the same boat 
with you; but in this case I believe I am 
justified in writing you this letter, and be- 
lieve you will aprpeciate it and take it in the 
spirit in which it is written. 

I do not deny that I am a strong friend 
of Mr. Shields and a friend of Recreation, 
but I am also as strong a friend of Peters 
ammunition, and I do not wish to see the 
manufacturers of this ammunition antagon- 
ize the publication. J. E. P. 

Ware, Mass. 
The Peters Cartridge Co., 
Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Dear Sirs : "It is the hit bird that flut- 
ters." Why not improve your shells ? Every 
true sportsman will stand by Mr. Shields, 
because if it wasn't for him there would be, 
in a few years, no use for your ammunition 
or any other, as game would be gone. Since 
you have discontinued your ad in Recrea- 
tion, every thorough sportsman ought to 
discontinue the use of Peters shells, and ad- 
vise his friends to do likewise. 

H. F. Moulton. 

Columbus, Ohio. 
The Peters Cartridge Co., 
Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Dear Sirs : Being a sportsman and a user 
of King's powders and Peters' cartridges, I 
feel I have the privilege of expressing my 
condemnation of your action in withdraw- 
ing your ad from Recreation. I shall cease 
to use your goods until your ad once more 
appears in Recreation. Geo. O. Peters. 



LOADING THE 25. 

The 25-21 and the 25-20 cartridges are 
excellent for small game shooting and will 
make as good a target at 200 yards, under 
favorable circumstances, as many of the 
larger calibers. They are, moreover, much 
plcasanter to shoot. For target, use the 
shell full of semi-smokeless ffg. with a light 
card wad to hold it in, a common black 
powder primer and an 86 grain bullet. No. 
25,720, tempered 1 to 20. Seat the bullet by 
hand in the barrel the depth of its own 
length or deep enough so the muzzle of the 
shell will reach the base of the bullet when 
the action is closed. 

For hunting, DuPont smokeless rifle No. 
l can be used, with a nitro primer and a 75 
grain hollow pointed bullet, 1 to 40. Enough 
of this powder should be used so the bullet 
will be seated snugly on it without pres- 
sure. Care should- be used in measuring 
each charge, for if it is compressed in the 



shell it will cause irregular shooting. This 
cartridge is death to woodchucks. A sharp 
pointed bullet can be used instead of the 
hollow point and small game can be shot 
through the body without mutilation. Black 
powder or semi-smokeless fouls badly when 
used in reduced charges. DuPont smokeless 
shot gun powder with a nitro primer is all 
right ; but do not attempt to use a full 
charge of any shot gun smokeless in a rifle. 
The bullet should be seated the same as if 
the full charge was used and the powder 
left loose in the shell. 

For full charges semi-smokeless is clean- 
er and makes less smoke than black powder, 
nd good results can be obtained with black 
powder primers. Nitro primers or smoke- 
less powder or a combination of both, I 
do not know which, is destructive to brass 
shells, rendering them brittle in a short 
time and causing the heads to blow off. 
This, however, can do no great harm if the 
shooter has been thoughtful enough to pro- 
vide himself with an Ideal broken shell ex- 
tractor. 

I never had the trouble that some claim 
to have experienced in keeping the quick 
twist, small bore smokeless rifle in good 
condition. My method is to use, as soon 
as I get through shooting, a tight fitting rag 
wet with strong soap suds. This, with the 
proper amount of elbow grease, will be 
sufficient for removing every particle of dirt. 
Then use dry rags until the bore is perfectly 
dry before oiling. The bore should always 
be slightly oiled after firing a metal patched 
bullet and before firing a lead one. 

E. O. Raynor, Meadville, Pa. 



ANSWERING MR. BECKWITH. 

Alvaie Beckwith, Lincoln, Neb., asks a 
question in April Recreation in regard 
to the Magniscope rifle sight. I have 
the only one in this part of the country, 
as far as I know. I consider it a suc- 
cess and a valuable addition to the equip- 
ment of any rifle. Mine is on a Stevens 
Favorite, 22 caliber, and magnifies 2 diame- 
ters. For a longer range gun I should 
choose the 4 power glass. The Magni- 
scope is nothing more nor less than a 
telescope without the cumbersome and un- 
sightly tube. I use the Lyman No. 2 rear 
sight with the eyepiece of the Magniscope 
fitted in the disc. By screwing out the disc 
and folding down the lens which is fit- 
ted in the rear sight slot, I have the ordi- 
nary _ Lyman sights for quick shooting. 
Turning up the lens and screwing in the 
disc, I have a first class telescope sight 

Some improvements could, and doubtless 
will, be made in the manufacture and hand- 
ling of the Magniscope. My order was out 
about 6 weeks before it was filled, and 
when the sicrht finally came it was mounted 
on a base to fit the front sight slot instead 



6o 



RECREAT10W 



of the rear, which made necessary about an 
hour lens was lit ted 

.man No. 5 front sight, 
n cut out. 
If the £ 'e would buy the Mag- 

niscope and make it as well and ad\ 
as e- ly as they do their other goods 

. a matter of time when the 
tubular teles would be a thin I 

the | very long range t 

work, where a greater range of adjustment 

1 in the pr- 
form of the 
however, to improve the Magniscope in this 

'1 he gun and ammunition department of 
e price of the m 
zinc. me hog depart- 

ment. Long may your banner wave. 

L. V. DeWitt, Paris, Tex. 

The men who made the Magniscope sight 
proved thoroughly unreliable, and I am 
have quit. Mr. Marble, presi- 
dent of the Marble Safety Axe Co., Glad- 
c, Mich., is working on an improved 

ly put it 
on the market in the near future. — Editor. 



IMPRACTICALLE TOOLS. 
That a tool fails to perform the work for 
which it was designed may be the fault of 
the V metimes due to the im- 

practicability of the tool. The latter is 
certainly the case with the Marlin rifle. I 
have taken one apart and polished each 
separate piece of its mechanism in the en- 
make it work smoothly. The ex- 
a wee bit of hook and spring, is 
uilarly worthless. I suggested an im- 
ment to the company and got a snub 

After trying all the new model rifles I 
•the 32-20-105 the best for target 
k and for game up to turkeys. For 
a 40-82, a 38-55 or a 3^ ^. 
The 30-30 make*; too small a wound and 
• draw blood enough to track by. 
pet shot gun is an Ithaca. With 
base shells it does excel- 
me time ago I was persuad- 
ed to try Peter- New Victor shells. My 
first attempt with them was on squirrels, 
at ordinary range and 
to see what hit 
them. I did succeed in killing 2 or 3 with- 
in 2- but I think they died from 
it. Th- was 3 T j drams powder 
and 1 hot. 

W. B. S volt, Newhaven, Pa. 

SMALL SHOT. 

ell to give the liars a 
department of their own. instead of scat- 
tering their fancies promiscuously through 
Wc have heard from the man 



who kills deer with 22 shorts, the man who 
never fails to make a heart shot, the man 
who kills quails at 90 yards, and many 
others. Probably we shall hear from them 
again. \Yc may, however, hope that the 
man is dead whom the cougar covered with 
ea while she went after her cubs, since 
that occurrence was first reported soon 
after the expiration of Ananias' copyright. 
If you can not spare them a department, 
it might answer to tag them as you do the 
hogs; for instance, "How I killed 4 Bear 
with a Puttyblower, By J. J. Jones, Liar 
No. 747." Then we would know what to 
expect before reading. 

R. E. Pcater, Mansfield, O. 



Do the Ideal people make a mould for a 
bullet, weighing 200 to 250 grains, that can 
be used in a Colt 44 caliber powder and ball 

plSt0l? M. R. Williams, Omaha, Neb. 

ANSWER. 

I do not know of any mould made by the 

Ideal people to cast a bullet to fit your re- 

er and weigh as much as you require. 

Their No. 450,225, weighing 170 grains, will 

probably fit. 

The better way is to send the Ideal Com- 
pany a bullet that fits the barrel and takes 
the rifling well, and see if they cannot fur- 
nish you a mould to suit. Most of the 44 
caliber Colt and Remington powder and 
ball revolvers of the Civil War period re- 
quired a ball with a diameter of .450 of an 
inch. — Editor. 



While I own and use a 22 rifle, I can 
not help thinking that the world would be 
better off without these destructive little 
weapons. They are too cheap and handy 
and tempt unthinking boys and men to 
wanton destruction of song birds and small 
animals. While connected with a saw mill 
in the woods last summer, I noticed that 3 
of the crew carried cheap 22 rifles to and 
from their work for the purpose of shoot- 
ing any birds they might come across. 
These fellows became expert and seldom 
missed a shot. Either the price of small 
rifles should be raised sufficiently to keep 
them out of the reach of irresponsible per- 
sons or a tax should be put on their u*C 
R. B. Stowers, Cupio, Ky. 



Please explain why 22 long U. M. C. 
cartridges stick in my rifle. They will not 
go into the barrel. Would a 22 long kill a 
rabbit at 75 yards? Have had many mis- 
fires when using Peters shells. 

A. C. Adams, Pitcairn, Pa. 



Will snme one who has had experience 
\\ :, li W W. Greener guns kindly give his 
opinion of them ? 

W. C. Garth waite, St. Marys, Ont. 



NATURAL HISTORY. 



When a bird or a wild animal is killed, that is the end of it. If photographed, it may still live and 
its educational and scientific value is multiplied indefinitely. 



SIX WOODPECKERS. 

FRANCES ANTHONY. 

I have a tender spot in my heart for a 
flock of woodpeckers that live in our trees. 
Six of the 8, if not all, were born in a soft 
maple tree in our yard. 

This morning, just before getting up 
time, there was a series of rap-rap-rappity- 
raps in the gable over my front window. 
All the opening and shutting of windows 
in my efforts to see which or how many of 
them were there seemed not to disturb 
the birds in the least; they kept it up just 
the same, and judging by the number that 
were flying around they may have taken 
turns at it. Even above the noisy, chat- 
tering of blackbirds holding a mass meet- 
ing in the evergreen thicket, it could be 
plainly heard. The difference between the 
2 musical exercises was noticeable. While 
that of the blackbirds was noisy and con- 
fused, this of the woodpeckers seemed dig- 
nified, purposeful and orderly; and, as I 
listened longer, it grew to seem like a Sun- 
day morning salute to the rising sun. 

In the growing up of these woodpeckers 
I have been much interested. It was by 
accident I found their home, though I had 
noticed in early spring a pair of wood- 
peckers hanging around that tree. There 
seemed to be considerable discussion and 
matters did not go to suit. After a while 
I forgot them ; other trees hid the maple 
from view and I was busy about other 
things. One day in May the cat brought 
a young owl from the corner of the yard. 
Following the clue, I found a living owl 
under the fence and a dead one under the 
maple. In another tree sat the frightened 
mother owl. her horns standing straight up 
and her bright yellow eyes blinking as she 
tried to understand what we were doing. 
After some searching we found the hole in 
the maple and in it still another owl. The 
poor little things felt and looked forlorn 
enough, being nearly naked, and they put on 
their stupidest air. We put them back in 
the hole that to them was nest and home ; 
and several days passed before I solved 
the mystery of their having been out of the 
nest before they were large enough to take 
care of themselves. I could not believe a 
cat had pulled them out, so. putting a lad- 
der up to the tree, I kept watch. 

A few days later I found 2 headless field 
mice, a kangaroo mouse in like condition, 
and a dead titmouse under the tree where 
the owl's nest was. One day I saw the 
pair of woodpeckers making a great fuss in 



the tree, looking into the hole and flying 
about. Then 1 knew the whole story ; they 
had intended to use that hole themselves, 
as they had probably done in other years, 
but Mrs. Owl got in first and kept posses- 
sion, either by force or simply by being 
present when other would-be occupants 
came prospecting. So there she brought 
her family up till they reached an age of 
pin feathers and plumpness suitable to the 
taste of cats. Food would not come to 
them; it must be sought, and the older they 
grew the more they took. In a luckless 
hour the mother went to seek it. 

Mrs. Woodpecker and perhaps Mr. 
Woodpecker, too, happened along just at 
the right time and made the most of one 
of those opportunities that are one bird's 
gain at another's expense. They dumped 
those precious little owls out on the ground. 
Then they were puzzled what to do next ; 
they couldn't use the nest, for Mrs. Owl 
would see to it that all their eggs were 
eaten. Well, if they must give up one 
thing they would try another, so out went 
all the food, all the choice little birds and 
mice that Mrs. Owl had left for the children 
to eat. It was these things lying under the 
tree that told the story. In spite of every- 
thing the owls grew. The woodpeckers 
showed impatience, and after a time grew 
so bold as to go right in when the mother 
was gone and cut and chisel the nest out 
to suit themselves. Several times I slipped 
quietly up the ladder and, as soon as I 
could reach, put my hand over the hole, 
held it there while I climbed the rest of 
the way, and then finding Mrs. Wood- 
pecker crouching flat above the owls, took 
her out in my hand and let her fly away. 

The young owls proved a pair; one being 
broad built and round of face, the other 
slimmer in body and face and having a 
pair of horns like the mother. After a 
while the little brown beauties flew away, 
and the next day a new home was begun 
in the hole in the maple tree. A creamy 
white woodpecker's egg was bid there, the 
next day another, and so on till there were 
6. Then after a while there were 5 naked 
squirming little woodpeckers and one egg; 
the next day the c^s; had disappeared and 
there were 6 ugly looking specimens that 
reminded me of nothing so much as diminu- 
tive plucked geese. Finally the birds 
flew away, claimed their title to the free- 
dom of their kind, and came back only to 
the tree tops and their drumming spot on 
the house. The puzzle to me is that now 



61 



62 



IEAT10N. 



I can not tell any of the 6 or their parents 
apart. 



BAND-TAILS 

I am sending you the head, wings and 

what 1 believe was a real old tune 

.r there have been 

countless thousands of them m the moun- 

: this State. 1 know of 100 having 

been killed in a day by one gun. They are 

DOt i 1 here, but you bet they will be 

year if they are the real thing. 

Lundy, Stanwood, Wash. 

•VER. 

The head, wing and feet which you sent 

are ! a hand-tail pigeon, and not of a 

enger pigeon. The former is fairly 

plentiful along the coast from British Co- 
lumbia to lower California, and it is a great 
pity the coast States do not enact laws for 
its rigid protection. 

It will be another national disgrace to 
have this beautiful and useful bird wiped 
off the earth, as its Eastern relatives have 
been. You and every thoughtful, careful 
snrn should refrain from shooting 
birds, and should begin an active 
campaign to induce your Western Legis- 
lature to pass laws placing a io years close 
season on the band-tail pigeon. — Editor. 



ANSWERING MR. BADGER. 

Answering L. M. Badger in August 
Recreation, the tree was probably a buck 
oak, and the horn growing near the top 
was torn off by the wind, or fell when ripe, 
and lodged in the crotch, or it might have 
been a dropped horn carried upward on an 
acorn shoot. More likely I picked it up 
10 and in an idle moment hung 
it in the forks; if so. I am sorry the po:nts 
the crotch was 8 feet 
from the ground, I think the gnawing was 
done by a giraffe; they will do it every 
time if not watched. Of course, a porcu- 
pine or a badger mietit have done it. 

Naturalist, Pittsburgh, Pa. 

Tl •■■ horn found by L. M. Badger 

1 in the trunk of a small tree was 

me one in a crotch 

of tl v hen it was a sapling. The 

u1 and imbedded 
the hon s growing wood often im- 

The gnawing of the horn 
ly done by red squirrels. It 
common habit of theirs here in Min- 
nesota. Henry Joe; ielia, Minn. 



THESE ARE ALSO RAND TAILS. 

T was surprised to *cr in Recreation the 
clm'm that the wild 

tinct. Tf the writer of that statement should 
ever visit the coast of Oregon in August 



he would become convinced that there are 
plenty left. 1 was at Pillamook bay last 
August and the wild pigeons were there by 
thousands, feeding on elder berries, which 
grow in abundance on this coast. They also 
came into the Willamette valley in large 
numbers in May and June. There are not 
SO many here, however, as there were a few 
years ago. I do not think there is any law 
against shooting them at any season. 

N. \V. Smith, Lebanon, Ore. 

ANSWtR. 

The bird you refer to is not the Eastern 
wild pigeon, or passenger pigeon, which 
was once abundant all over the Eastern 
and middle States. Your bird is the band- 
tail pigeon, Coliuuba fasciato.. It is a beau- 
tiful, interesting and innocent creature and 
its killing should be prohibited by law in 
all the coast States for at least io years. — 
Editor. 



NATURAL HISTORY NOTES. 

To-day I was watching an English spar- 
row trying to fly with a heavy load. It 
rose to an elevation of about ioo feet, and 
dropped its burden which, on examination, 
1 found to be a live fledgling. The old bird 
did not again go near the young one. Is 
it customary for these birds to do this? 
J. G. Stewart, Cedar Rapids, la. 

This was probably the fledgling of some 
other bird. English sparrows eat the young 
of other birds, and possibly the young of 
their own kind from other nests; but it is 
not likely that they ever carry their own 
young about. — Editor. 



I saw recently among a lot of English 
sparrows a bird which I at first thought was 
a canary. I shot it. Examination con- 
vinced me that it, too, was an English 
sparrow. Its back was light golden in 
color, the rest of its plumage was pure 
white. Has anyone else ever seen such a 
freak? 

A friend found a living crow blackbird 
stapled to a fence post, and hanging head 
downward. As he was unable to draw the 
Staples and release the poor bird, he killed 
it to end its misery. 

Raymond Henshaw, Lyons, Kan. 



There are a great mnny wild pigeons in 
the mountains of Western Texas and 
Southern New Mexico, flocks of several 
hundreds being frequently seen. 

D. M. P.. El Paso, Texas. 

The bird vou refer to is not the American 
p-'sseneer pigeon. It is the band tail pigeon, 
Columbia fasciata. — Editor. 



THE LEAGUE OF AMERICAN SPORTSMEN. 



GENERAL OFFICERS 

President, G. O. Shields, 23 W. 24th St., 
New York. 

1st Vice-President, E. T. Seton, 80 West 
40th St., New York. 

2d Vice-President, W. T. Hornaday, 2969 
Decatur Ave., Bedford Park, N. Y. 

3d Vice-President, Dr. T. S. Palmer, 
Dept. of Agriculture, Washington, D. C. 

4th Vice-President, A. A. Anderson, 80 
West 40th St., New York. 

5th Vice-President, Hon. W. A. Rich- 
ards, General Land Office, Washington, 
D. C 

Secretary, A. F. Rice, 155 Pennington 
Ave., Passaic, N. J. 

Treasurer, Austin Corbin, of the Corbin 
Banking Co., 192 Broadway, New York. 



STATE DIVISIONS 
ALASKA 
Dr. E. M. Rininger, Chief Warden, Nome. 

ARIZONA. 

M. J. Foley, Chief Warden, Jerome. 

ARKANSAS 

W. R. Blocksom, Chief Warden, Eureka Springs. 

CALIFORNIA. 

Dr. David Starr Jordan, Chief Warden, Leland 
Stanford University. 

COLORADO. 
- A. Whitehead, Chief Warden, 303 Tabor Building, 
Denver. 

CONNECTICUT, 
lion. F. P. Sherwood, Chief Wardpn. Southport; 
Dr. H. L. Ross, Vice-Warden, Canaan; H. C Went, 
Sec-Treas., Bridgeport. 

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA. 

C. H. Townsend, Chief Warden, U. S. Fish Com- 
mission. 

FLORIDA. 
W. W. K. Decker, Chief Warden, Tarpon Springs. 

GEORGIA. 
J.J. Doughty, Chief Warden, Augusta. 

IDAHO. 
L. A. Kerr, Chief Warden, Kendrick. 

ILLINOIS. 
M. D. Ewell, M.D., Chief Warden, 59 Clark St., 
Chicago; F. M. Taber, Vice Warden, 144 Kinzie 
St., Chicago; G. C. Davis, Sec-Treas., 123 S. Central 
Ave., Austin. 

INDIANA. 
John^ J. Hildebrandt, Chief Warden, Logansport ; 
T.J. Carter, Sec-Treas.. State House, Indianapolis. 

IOWA. 

Carl Quimbv, Chief Warden, Des Moines; C. C. 
Proper, Sec-Treas., Des Moines. 

KANSAS. 

O. B. Stocker, Chief Warden, Wichita. 

KKNTUCKY. 

Geo. C. Long, Chief Warden, Hopkinsville. 

MAINE. 

Col. E. C. Farrington, Chief Warden, Augusta. 

MARYLAND 
J. E. Tylor, Chief Warden. ' xford. 

MASSACHUSETTS. 
Heman S. Fay. Chief Warden, Hazleto.) Block, 
Marlboro; J. E. Tweedy, Vice- Warden, North Attle- 
boro : A. C. Lanison, Sec-Treas., 194 Mam St., 
Marlboro. 

MICHIGAN. 
J . Elmer Pratt, Chief Warden, Grand Rapids ; R.b. 



63 



Woodliffe, Vice-Warden, Jackson; A.B.Richmond, 
Sec-Treas., Grand Kapids. 

MINNESOTA. 
Dietrich Lange, Chief Warden, 2204 Commonwealth 
Ave., St Paul; H. A. Morgan, Vice- Warden, Albert 
Lea; Prof. O. T. Denny, >ec-Treas..St. Paul. 
MISSOURI. 
Bryan Snyder, Chief Warden, 726 Central Bldg., 
St. Louis. 

MONTANA. 
Professor M. J. Elrod, Chief Warden, Missoula; 
Sidney M. Logan, Vice- Warden, Kalispell; R. A. 
Waagner, Sec-Treas., Bozeman. 

NEKRASKA. 

Fred. E. Mockett, Chief Warden, Lincoln ; P. 
O'Mahony, Sec-ireas., Lincoln. 

NEVADA. 

Dr. W. H. Cavell, Chief Warden, Carson; Geo. W. 
Cowing, Sec-Treas., Carson. 

NEW HAMPSHIRE. 

Dr. A. F. Barrett, Sentinel Bldg., Keene; Sidney 
Conant, Sec-Treas., Keene. 

NEW JERSEY. 

Percy Johnson, Chief Warden, Bloomfield; Dr. 
W. S. Colfax, Vice Warden. Pompton Lakes; I. 
V. Dorland, Sec-Treas.. Arlington. 

NEW MEXICO. 

P. B. Otero, Chiel Warden, Santa Fe. 

NEW YORK. 
John R. Fanning Chief Warden, Powers' Bide., 
Rochester; Co . t<. E Mo*s, Vice- Warden, WalLck ; s 
Theatre, New Vorli City; Dr. C. C. Curtis, Sec- 
Treas., Columbia College, New York City. 
NORTH DAKOTA. 
Dr. W. D. Jones, Chief Warden, Devil's Lake. 

OHIO. 
W. E. Gleason. Chief Warden, Mitchell Bldg., 
Cincinnati; A. C. Thatcher, Vice- Warden, L'rbana. 
OKLAHOMA. 

W. M. Grant. Chief Warden, Oklahoma City. 

ONTARIO. 
C A. Hammond, Chief Warden, Box 701, St. 
Thomas; D. L. Mells. Sec Treas., St. Thomas. 
OREGON. 
Robert F. Kelly, Chief Warden, Box 188, The 
Dalles; C. B. Cushing, Sec-Treas., The Dalles. 

PENNSYLVANIA. 

C.F.Emerson. Chief Warden, 180 N. Perry St., 
Titusvillf* ; Hon C B. Penrose, Vice- Warden, 1720 
Spruce St., Philadelphia. 

RHODE ISLAND. 
Zenas W. Bliss, Chief Warden, 49 Westminster St., 
Providence. 

SOUTH CAROLINA. 
C. F. Dill, Chief Wa den, Greenville. 

SOUTH DAKOTA. 

D. C. Booth, Chief Warden, Spearfish ; John C. 
Barber, Sec-Treas., Lead 

TKNNESSEE. 
Hon. G. C. Martin, Chief Warden. Clarksville ; 
Hon. Austin Peay, Jr., Sec-Treas., Clarksville. 
TEXAS. 
Prof. S. W. Stanh>ld, Chief Warden, San Marcos; 
W. E. Heald, Sec-Treas., San Angelo. 

UTAH. 

Hon. John Sharp, Chief Warden, Salt Lake City. 
VERMONT. 

S. C. White, Sec-Treas., Woodstock. 

VIRGINIA. 

R. G. Bickford. Chief Warden. Newport News. 
C. O. Saville. Vice Warden, Richmond; M.D.Hart, 
Sec-Treas., 1217 Last Main St., Richmond. 
WASHINGTON. 

F. S. MerrPl, Chief Warden, Spokane : F. A. Pon- 
tius, ^ec- I'reas., Seattle; Munro Wyckorf, Vice-War- 
den, Pt. Townsend. 



, 



6 4 



RECREATION. 



IKGINIA. 
E. F. Smith, Chief Warden, Hinton. 

k Kaufman Chief Warden, Two Rta m; Pr 

A. Gi ii-'as., Milwauk 

WYOMING. 

II. K. Wadsworth, Chief Warden. Shoshone 
Agei . -tine. 

.'' o> Otff s 

skru..: .• Arthur /. Vw. ,- , S t e r t t m ry, »J ii\ 

24th St , A>te > ork. 

LOCAL WARDENS 



Com 

.eld, 



Litchfield. 

Middlesex, 
New Haven. 



Brevard, 

Iroquois, 
Rock Island, 



; [CUT. 
len 

Geor f 



Addi 
2 Park Row, Stam- 

ford 
ii 1'. nk St., Bridge- 
port. 
Box 37 ', Stratford. 
I' 0. Box 100, Ca- 
naan. 
Sandford Rrainerd. Ivor* t< n. 
Wilbur E. Beach, 31* Chapel Street, 
New 1 1 aven. 
Elizabeth St.. 
Derby. 



y C. Went, 

Samnel Waklee, 
Dr. 11. 1.. Ross, 



I). J. Ryan, 



II 0R1DA. 
C. II. Racey, 

ILLINOIS. 
I I . Peacock, 
I). M.Slottard, 



Clinton, 
Pottawattamie, 



Ness, 
Norfolk, 

Suffolk. 
Worcester, 

en, 
• 

Hillsdale. 
Kalamazoo, 
Lake. 
Ottawa, 

Hall, 

Cheshire, 

Sullivan, 



Hudson, 
er. 



iouth. 

MS, 



rset, 
ex, 



Albany, 



IOWA. 
D. L. Pascol, 

Dr. C. Lngel, 

KA 
Frank Lake, 



Waveland. 

Sheldon. 
12th Ave and 17th 
SL, Afoline. 

firand Mound. 
Crescent. 

Ransom, 



MASSACHUSETTS. 

Orlando McKenzie, Norfolk. 
I. I P.lick. Wrentham. 

S. W. Fuller, I Milton. 

Capt. W. J.Stone. 4 Tremont Row, 
Boston. 

B. II.Mosher, Athol. 

MICHIGAN. 
W. A. Pain* 
Thomas Dewey, 
' . >tone, 

C. E. Miller, 
lohn I rie 
W. II. Dunham, 



NKHKASKA. 

F.C. Matler, 



Buchanan. 
Dowaidac. 
Hi. '.dale. 
Augusta. 

Peacock, 
Spencer. 

Grand Island 



I IMPSHIRE. 

S. I '. Ellis, Keene. 

!'. ake. Dempster. 

J. W. Davidson, Charlestown. 

• V. 

A. W. Letts, 51 Newaik St.. 

Hoboken 
Ldw. Vanderbilt, Dentzvill<-. 

nton. 
Roland Mitchell, 739 Centre St., 

Trenton 
Trenton. 
\\ anaque. 
Pompton Plains. 

I lover. 
P.utler. 

I I ibernia. 
ville. 



Wright, 
l tory-Hunt, 

W. Mlake, 
Cook, 
•rr, 

Isaac D. \\ illiams, Mr .nchville. 
A. H. Miller, anford. 

C. M. Hawkins. Roselle 
Jacob Y01. Fhillipbburg, 

Reuben Warner, 

NEW YORK. 

C.D.Johnson, .vtonville. 

Kenneth E. Bender, Albany. 



ty. 

Allegany, 

ue, 

Chemung, 

nubia, 

md, 

Dutchess, 



Frie. 

\. 
Franklin, 

n-, 
I Limilton, 
I lei kimer, 
Jelterson, 



Livingston 



itgomery, 

New York, 
Oneida. 

( hiondaga, 

< hange, 

Orleans, 
Oswego, 

Putnam, 
us, 



Name of Warden. Address. 

G. A. Thomas, Belvidere. 

John Suilivan, Sanitaria Springs 

R. R. Mathewson, Binghamton. 



II. M. Haskell, 
Fred Ihle, 

Hiker, 
A B. Miller, 
James i-.d wards, 
A. K. Miller, 
Chas. 1 1 .1 >eLong, 
Jacob Tompkins, 
Mai vin H. Butler, 
W. 11. Hroughton, 
las. Fccles, 
W |. Soper. 
David Aird, Jr., 
I), r- . Sperry, 
C. J.Smith, 
A. C. Cornwall, 
Jo». Northrup, 
M. I )e I a \ ergne, . 
K. S. Chamberlain, Mt Morris. 
Henry Skinner, Springwater. 
Dr J W. Cowan, Gene*eo. 
Charles W. Scharf. Canajoharie 
C. L. Meyer, 46 W B wa>,N.Y. City. 

J. M. Scoville, Clinton, 

ames Lush, Men phis. 

Hampton Kidd, New burgh. 
rhomas Harris, Portjervis. 
1. H. Kearby, 1 , Shelby. 

J. E. Manning, 154 Y\ est I'tica St. 



Richmond, 
St. Lawrence. 

Schenectady, 
Schoharie, 
Schuvler, 
Suffolk, 

Tioga, 
Ulster, 

Warren, 
Washington, 



Westchester, 



Yates, 



W eedsport. 
Hendy Creek, 
Funira. 

Jackson's Corners 
'( 01 tland, 
Jackson's Corners. 
Pawling. 
Billings. 
Morula. 
Moriah. 
St. Regis Falls. 
\\ indham 
Lake Pleasant. 
Old Forge. 
VYatertown. 
Alexand. ia Bay, 

Lakeville. 



H. L. Brady. 



Oswego. 
Mahopac Falls. 



Gerard Van Nostrand. h lushing, L. I. 
\V. S. Mygrant, 46 Elton Street, 

Brooklyn. 
P. A. Geepel, 473 Grand Ave., 

A stona, I.. I. 



L. B. Drowne, 
Lewis C. Att, 
Lewis Morris, 



119 Somen Street, 

Bro klyn. 
Br«ad Channel I Io- 
t«l, Rockaway.L.I. 
Port Richmond. 



J 



Dr. B \V. Severance, Gouverneur. 

N. Clark 

W. Furnside, 

F. Eigen, 
G. C Fo'dham, 
F. I. Fellows, 
P. F. Tabor, 
Geo. Wood. 
M. A. DeVall, 
Wm. S. Mead, 
(Jro. McFchron, 
C.L. Allen, 
J. E. Rarber, 
A. S- Temple, 
(ieorge Poth, 
Cnas.Seacor, 



M. W.Smith, 
Ralph Gorham, 
B. L. Wren, 

Seymour Poineer, 

onio. 
S. W. K nisei y 
Fred C Ross, 

A. W. Hitch, 

David Sutton, 

Brook L. Terry, 

L. C. Berry, 

W. C. Rippey, 

Grant Phillips, 
T. L Bates, 

nk I) tfaell, 
Prank B. Shirley, 
I. P. Keller. 
A. Dangeleisen, 



Allen, 
Clark, 

Cuyahoga, 

Erie, 

Franklin, 

Fulton, 
Hamilton, 

Knox, 
Lorain, 
Muskingum, 
Otts wa, 

to, 
Stark, 

OKLAHOMA. 

Kiowa and Comanche Nation, 
A. C. Cooper, 



Sevey. 

Schenectady. 
Sharon >piings. 

\\ atkins. 

Central Islip, L. I. 
Orient, L. 1. 
Owego. 
'I he Corners. 
Woodstock. 
Glens Falls. 
Sandy Hill. 
Dresden. 
Whitehall. 
Pleasantville. 
57 Pelham Road, 

New Kochelle. 
Croton Falls. 
Mt. Kisco. 
Penn Van. 
Branch Port. 



Lima. 

169 W. Main St., 

Springfield. 
161 ( 'shorn St., 

Cleveland. 
41S Jackson St., 

Sandusky 
208 Woodward Av., 

Columbus. 
5 wanton 
4465 Fa stern Ave., 

1 incinnati. 
Mt. Vernon. 
Flyria 
Zanesville. 
Lakeside. 
Portsmouth. 
Massillon. 



Ft. Sill. 



THE LEAGUE OF AMERICAN SPORTSMEN. 



6$ 



County. 

Allegheny, 

Beaver, 

Bradford, 

Butler, 

Lambna, 

Cameron, 
Carbon, 
Clarion, 
Clinton, 



Crawford, 

M 

Cumberland, 

Delaware, 

Elk, 

Fayette, 

Jefferson, 

Juniata, 

Lackawanna, 

Lycoming, 

McKean, 



Montgomery, 
Northumber- 
land, 
Perry, 
Potter, 



PENNSYLVANIA. 
Name of \\ arden. 



Address. 



S. H.Allen, 
N. H.Covtrt, 
W. K. Keefer, 
Geo. B. Loop, 
F. J. Forquer, 
W.H.Lambert, 



Natrona. 
Beaver Falls. 



Tioga, 

Venango, 
Warren. 

Wyoming, 

Madison, 

Montgomery, 

Robeitson, 

Stewart, 

Sumner, 

Washington, 



Essex, 
Orleans. 
Rutland, 
Windsor, 

Henrico, 

King & Queen 
King William, 
Louisa, 
Mecklenburg, 
Smythe, 

Okanogan, 
Stevens, 

Yakima, 

Carbon. 

Fremont, 
Laramie, 

Uinta, 



Sayre. 

Murnnsville. 

720 Coleman Ave., 
Johnstown. 
Harry Hemphill, Emporium. 
AsaD. Hontz, East Mauch Chunk. 
Isaac Keener, New Bethlehem. 
M. C. Kepler, Renovo. 

Geo. L. Kepler, " 

R. T. Antes, Pine Station 

Jasper Tiliotson, Tillotson. 
Geo. T. Meyers, Titusville. 
J. B. Lamb, Buel. 

I. C. Gill, Mechanicsburg. 

Walter Lusson, Ardmore. 
D. R. Lobaugh, Ridgway. 
Ely Cope, Cadwallader. 

John Noll, Sykesville. 

Clifford dinger, Oakland Mills. 
Ezra Phillips, McAlesterville- 
Wm. Weir, Moosic. 

Wm. Major, " 

Jas. J. Brennan, Oval. 

B. D. Kurtz, Cammal. 

C. A. Duke, Duke Center. 
L. P. Fessenden, Granere. 
Wm. Holsinger, Stickney. 
L.C. Parsons, Academy. 

(G. W. Roher, 

I 505 Anthracite St., Shamokin. 

Samuel Sundy, Lebo. 

Ira Murphy, Coudersport. 

Wiley Barrows, Austin. 

Chas. Barrows, Austin. 

E. B. Beaumont, Jr., Lawrenceville 

G.H.Simmons, Westfield. 

G. D. Benedict, Pleasantville. 



F. P. Sweet. 
Nelson Holmes, 
Cyrus Walter, 



Goodwill Hill. 

Cornplanter. 

Tunkhannock. 



TENNESSEE. 

H.T. Rushing, Jackson. 

P. W. Humphrey, Clarksville. 

C. C Bell, Springfield. 

John H. Lory, Bear Spring. 

W. G. Harris, Gallatin. 

UTAH. 

S. C. Goddard, New Harmony. 

J. A. Thornton, Pinto. 



VERMONT. 
H. S. Lund, 
E.G. Moulton, 
Wm. J. Liddle, 
F. A..Tarbell, 

VIRGINIA. 
W. J. Lynham, 

, R. D. Rates, 
N. H. Montague, 
J. P. Harris, 
J.H.Ogburn, 
J. M. Hughes, 

WASHINGTON. 
Tames West, 

iacob Martin, 
,. H. Lee, 
J, Brachmann, 

WYOMING. 
Kirk Dyer, 
Nelson Yarnall, 
Martin Kreither, 
S. N. Leek, 
;F. L. Peterson, 



Granby. 
Derby Line. 
Box 281, Fair Haven 
West Bridgewater. 

412 W.Marshall, 

Richmond. 
Newtown, 
Palls. 

Applegrove. 
South Hill. 
Chatham Hill. 

Methow. 
Newport. 
Northport. 
N. Yakima. 



Medicine Bow. 

Dubois. 

Cheyenne. 

> Jackson. 



LOCAL CHAPTERS. 

Albert T<ea, Minn., H.A.Morgan, 

Anadarka, O. T., Bert Smith, 

Angelica, N. Y., C A. Lathrop, 

Augusta. Mont., H. Sherman, 

Austin, Minn., G. F. Baird, 



Rear Warden. 



Austin, Pa., W.S.Warner, Rear Warden. 

Boston, Mass., Capt. W. I. stone, 

Buffalo, N. Y., H.C.Gardiner, 

Cammal, Pa., B. A. Ovenshne. 

Champaign Co., O. Hy. F. MacCracken 

Urbana, 
Char'estown, N. H., W. M. Buswell, 
Cheyenne, vVyo., J. Hennessy, 
Choteau, Mont., G. A. Gorham, 
Cincinnati, Ohio, B.W.Morris, 
Coudersport, Pa., 1. L. Murphy, 
Cresco, Iowa, J. L. Piatt, 

Cross Village, Mich., Job Rohr, 
Davis, W. Va., J. Heltzen, " 

Dowagiac, Mich., \V. F. Hoyt, 
East Mauch Chunk.Pa., E. F. Pry, " 

Evansville, Ind., F. M. Gilbert, 
Fontanet, Ind., W. H. Perry, 

Ft. Wayne, Ind., W. L. Waltemarth 
Great Falls, Mont., J. M. Gaunt, 
Heron Lake, Minn., K. C. Buckeye, 



Hollidaysb'g, Pa., 
Hopkinsville, Ky., 
Indianapolis, Ind., 
Jerome, Ariz., 
Jotmsonburg, Pa., 
Kalispell, Mont., 
Keene, N. H.. 
Kingfisher, Okla., 
Lake Co., Ind., 
Lawton, O. T„ 
Lincoln, Neb., 
Logansport,Ind., 
Ludington, Mich., 
McEihattan, Pa., 



T. J. Hemphill 
Hunter Wood. 
Joseph E. Bell, 
Dr. L. A. Hawkins, 
W. J. Stebbins, 
John Eaknght, 

F. P. Beedle, 
A. C. Ambrose, 
Dr. R. C. Mackey, 
Marion Miller, 

A. J. Sawyer 

E. B. McConnell, 

G. R. Cartier, 

A# B. Winchester, 



Mechanicsburg, Pa., Dr. J. H. Swartz, 
Minturn, Colo., A. B. Walter, 
Morgantown. \V. Va., B. S, White. 
New Albany, Ind., Dr. J. F. Weathers, 
New Bethlehem, Pa., Isaac Keener, 
Oklahoma City O.T., N. F. Gates, 
Penn Yan, N. Y., Dr. H. R. Phillips, 



Phillips, Wis., 
Princeton, Ind., 



F. K. Randall, 
H. A. Y eager, 



Reynoldsville, Pa., C F. Hoffman, 



Ridgway, Pa., 
Rochester, N. H., 
N. Y., 
St. Paul, Minn., 
St. Thomas, Ont., 



T. J. Maxwell, 
Gustave Andreas, 
C H. McChesney 
O. T. Denny, 
L.J.Hall, 



Schenectady, N. Y., J. W. Furnside, 

Seattle, Wash., M. Kelly, 

Syracuse, N. Y., C. C Truesdell, 

Terre Haute, Ind., C. F. Thiede, 

The Dalles, Ore., C. B. Cushing, 
Two Harb.rs.Minn., T. D. Budd, 

Walden, N.Y., J. W. Reid, 

Wichita, Kas., Gerald Volk, 

Winona, Minn., C. M. Morse, 



LIFE MEMBERS OF THE LEAGUE. 
Anderson, A. A., 80 W. 40th St., New York City. 
Beard, 1). C, 204 Amity St., Flushing, L. I. 
Blackstone, Lorenzo, Norwich, Conn. 
Buzzacott, Francis F., Chicago, 111. 
Brown, J. Stanford, 489 Fifth Ave., New York 

City. 
Butler, C. E., Jerome, Ariz. 
Carey, Hon. H. W., Eastlake, Mich. 
Carnegie, Andrew, 2d, Fernandina, Fla. 
Carnegie, George, Fernandina, Fla. 
Carnegie, Morris, Fernandina, Fla. 
Corbin, Austin, 192 Broadway, Now York City. 
Dickinson, K. H.. Moosehead Lake, Me. 
Edgcll, G. S., 192 Broadway, Now York City. 
Ellis, W. I).. 130 W. 7-'d St., New Y.uk City. 
Fearing, 1). 15., Newport. R. I. 

Ferry, C. H.. 1720 Old Colony Bldg., Chicago. 111. 
Ferry, Mansfield, 183 Lincoln Park Boulevard, 

Chicago. 111. 
Fraser, A. V.. 478 Greenwich St.. New York City. 
Gilhert, Clinton, 2 Wall St.. New York City. 
Hudson, K. 1., a V.. 15th St., Bayonne, N. J. 
McClurc. A. J.. 158 State St.. Albany, N. Y.' 
Mershon, W. B., Saginaw, Mich. 
Miller. F. G., 108 Clinton St.. Defiance. O. 
Morton, Hon. Levi P., 681 Fifth Ave.. New York 

City. 



66 



RECREATION. 



Nesbitt, A. G., Maple St., Kingston, Pa. 
O'Conor, Col. J. C, 24 E. 33d St., New York 

City. 
Pierson, Gen. J. F., 20 W. 526. St., New York 

City. 
Prescott, A. L.. 90 \V. Broadway, New York City 
Rice, A. F., 155 Pennington Ave., Passaic, N. J. 
Seton, E. T., 80 W. 4otn St., New \ork City. 
Seymour, J. H., 35 Wall St., New York City. 
Smith. E. B., Bourse Bldg., Philadelphia, Pa. 
Smith, W. H., Bryn Mawr, Pa. 
Thompson, J. Walter, Times Bldg., New York 

City. 
Towne, E. S., Care of National Blank Book Co., 

Holyoke, Mass. 
Underwood, W. L.. 52 Fulton St., Boston, Mass. 
Valentine, Dr. W. A., 5 W. 35th St., New York 

City. 
H. Williams, Box 156, Butte. Mont. 



DISCOUNTS TO LEAGUE MEMBERS. 
The following firms have agreed to give 
members of the L. A. S. a discount of 2 
per cent, to 10 per cent, on all goods bought 
of them. In ordering please give L. A. S. 
number : 

Syracuse Arms Co.. Syracuse, N. Y. Guns. 
Davenport Fire Arms Co., Norwich, Conn. Shot 

guns, rifles. 
Gundlach Optical Co., Rochester, N. Y. Photographic 

goods. 
BlairCamera Co., Rochester, N.Y. Photographic goods 
James Acheson, Talbot St.. St. Ihomas, Untario, 

Sporting goods. 

DON'T FAIL TO GO TO COLUMBUS. 

The 6th annual meeting of the League 
will be held in Columbus, Ohio, Wednes- 
day, February 10, 1904, and from present 
indications it will be the greatest and most 
successful gathering of any yet held. Chief 
Warden Gleason and Vice-Warden Thatch- 
er, of the Ohio Division, together with the 
Hon. J. C. Porterfield, Chief Warden of 
the State Game and Fish Commission, are 
working like Trojans toward that end. 
These men are known throughout Ohio as 
thorough sportsmen and enthusiastic work- 
ers in the cause of game protection, and 
there is abundant reason to believe that the 
sportsmen of Ohio will respond generously 
and liberally to their efforts in this matter. 

Every officer of the League should begin 
now to make arrangements to attend the 
6th annual meeting. Tlr. 4th and 5th an- 
nual gatherings were great events and the 
men who attended them will tell you that 
all who were not there missed rare treats. 
No officer should deprive himself of the 
pleasure and the benefit to be derived from 
attending this 6th annual meeting, and I 
hope to see a greater gathering this year 
than ever before. 



LEAGUE NOTES. 

Local Warden Isaiah Vosburg, of Sara- 
nac Lake, N. Y., has been making a great 
deal of trouble for game law violators dur- 
ing the past year. Here is a list of con- 
victions he has secured : 

August 26th, Willard P. Jessup, New 
York city, fined $85 and costs, Justice P. M. 



Freeman, Tupper Lake, N. Y. (Sec. 33) ; 
August 29th, J. D. Alexander, Tupper 
Lake, N. Y., fined $100 and costs, P. M. 
Freeman, Justice, Tupper Lake, N. Y. (Sec. 
9) ; October 3d, Elmer Barton, Westville 
Center, N. Y., fined $200 and costs, Jus- 
tice R. J. Cunningham, Chasm Falls, N. Y. 
(Sec. 11) ; October nth, John Soper, Ma- 
lone, N. Y., fined $100 and costs, Justice 
Emile La Rocque, Malone, N. Y. (Sec. 9). 



In October last, John Soper and J. F. 
Walsh, of Malone, N. Y., concluded they 
w^ould like some fresh venison and in order 
to make it as easy as possible, they put out 
their dogs to run the deer. This in viola- 
tion of law. League Warden Vosburgh, of 
Saranac Lake, N. Y., was notified of the 
affair and went after the law breakers. 
He captured them both, and took them 
before Justice Larocque, whc fined them 
$100 each and trimmings. Soper and Walsh 
are probably still wishing they had done 
their hunting in a legal and sportsmanlike 
manner. Soper's number in the swine book 
is 940 and Walsh's is 941. 



Game Warden H. Reif, of Seattle, Wash., 
L. A. S., No. 9151, has been after the game 
and fish law breakers in and about that city 
again and has lattiy landed several of them 
in court, where they have been properly 
punished. Rief is a zealous worker and 
has made trouble for a lot of lawbreakers 
since he has been in office. More power to 
his elbow ! 



TO MY DOG. 



"N 



They sing of love, Virginia's love for Paul ; 

Hero's for Greek Leander, whom the 

waves 

Brought to her feet lifeless beyond recall; 

Abelard's love for Heloise, their graves 

The mark of it ; and these are passions all 

Of which the sentimental poet raves. 
But yet another love, and not the least, 
Where Cupid plays no part, yet hearts 
confide, 
Firm as the Heathen's worship for the 
East, 
Loyal and true it cometh to abide ; 
A love that needeth neither oath nor 
priest, 
The love of beast for man and man for 
beast. 

— Jean Rushmore, in Life. 



Under a "sketchy little thing" exhibited 
by Jones there hangs a printed card which 
bears the words : 

"Do not touch with canes or umbrellas." 

An appreciative small boy added the fol- 
lowing postscript : 

"Take A Axe."— Tit-Bits. 



FORESTRY. 



EDITED BY DR. B. B. 1F.RNOW. 
It takes 30 years to grow a tree and 30 minutes to cut it down and destroy it. 



WHAT IS A FOREST? 

Repetition is the secret of education. 
We must again and again present the same 
subject from different points of view, if 
we will have it understood and appreci- 
ated in all its bearings ; especially when 
the people at large, the laymen, are to be 
educated in a professional subject, and to 
be made generally intelligent about it. 
Hence while the question of what forestry 
is has often been answered in Recreation 
in various ways, there is still need of con- 
tinuing to explain, as long as so many 
erroneous notions are afloat regarding this 
popular subject; as long as there are "city 
foresters"; as long as an indiscriminate 
"Woodman-spare-that-tree" sentiment dom- 
inates much of the writing in the public 
press ; as long as such things can happen 
as the abolishment of our first forestry 
school, ostensibly because, forsooth, a com- 
mittee of legislators knows better what for- 
estry involves than the professional men 
do. 

The word "forestry" is so modern that 
it was not yet recorded in the dictionary a 
quarter of a century ago. Even the word 
"forest," in its present sense, is of quite 
recent usage. Originally the word was 
written "voorst," and was used by the Ger- 
man tribes to denote the property set aside 
for the use of the king, or leader, of the 
tribe, the "Fuerst." That this property was 
naturally, to a great extent, woodlands had 
nothing to do with the meaning of the 
word. The main value of this property 
was the game, and as the owners could not 
use it for any other purpose, they merely 
reserved the right to the chase. Gradually 
this right to the chase became a royal pre- 
rogative, especially among the Normans; 
and the word "forest" became a legal term 
to denote a territory, including fields, 
woodlands, pastures, waters, settlements, 
and the people themselves living within 
its boundaries, on which the king had re- 
served the right to hunt for himself or 
his followers. In other words, a forest 
was what we would now call a game pre- 
serve. Special laws governed the people 
living within the preserve. The words "af- 
foresting" and "disafforesting" were cor- 
responding legal terms, which denoted 
the placing of districts under the forest ban 
and forest laws declaring them game pre- 
serves, or their release from such restric- 
tions. 

When we read, therefore, of the forests 
of Dean, of Windsor, of Epping or of 



Sherwood, where Robin Hood, the forester 
bold, used to ply his trade, it is not the 
natural condition of being woodland, but 
the legal condition of being the kind's 
game preserves that is meant. Fore 
were nothing but gamekeepers, or police 
officers, to enforce the forest laws; or else, 
as in the case of Robin Hood, a man living 
on the preserve. 

It was only gradually, and in England 
very lately, that the word forest began to 
assume the meaning of woodland, probably 
as the right to the chase became restricted 
to the woodland portion of the forest in 
its original sense. 

Richardson's New Dictionary of 1846 de- 
fines a forest still as "a great and privileged 
wood or woody wilderness. Frenchmen 
have generally interpreted it as a place 
whereto access and entry are forbidden by 
the owner unto others ; hence it seems that 
privileged fishing, or large waters, wherein 
none but the lords thereof could fish, were 
also termed 'forests.' " 

It is also interesting to note that this 
mediaeval conception and use of the term, 
which is naturally still recorded in our dic- 
tionaries, was called into use as late as 
1862, when one of the dukes of Atholc, in 
Scotland, instituted a lawsuit against the 
laird of Luke, his neighbor, to restrain him 
from killing deer on his own lands and to 
establish for the duke the right to enter the 
laird's lands for the purpose, in virtue of 
the duke's family holding from ancient 
times the position of "forester." The courts 
decided adversely on the ground of "in- 
nocuous dissuetude" of the forest lands. 

Now the word forest is generally accept- 
ed as denoting a natural condition and as 
synonymous with woodland, but the lexi- 
cographers seem to be uncertain as to the 
distinction between woodland and forest. 

In the German language there are also 
2 words, namely, Wald and Forst The 
first is the more general term, to denote 
merely the wooded condition, while the 
word Forst contains the idea that this 
woodland is placed under management or 
considered from the standpoint of its use- 
fulness to man. We will do well to accept 
the same distinction and, when we speak of 
forest, have in mind that we are considering 
woodlands with reference to economic ques- 
tions of man, an object of man's care, no 
matter whether natural, or wild, or planted. 
large or small. Then it becomes easy to 
see that forestry is nothing but that care of 
the woodlands or forests. 



67 



6& 



RECRF..1TI0X. 



There are. however. 2 other conceptions 
or points of view that force themselves 
on ns when using the word forest, and dis- 
tinguish the forest from SUCh woodlands 

rchards, windbn adside plantings 

and park>. 

A forest looks different from those other 
kinds of plantations, and its object is dif- 
ferent. We recognize such a thing as for- 
XXlditions and forest purposes. These 
are important distinctions. Not any collec- 
tion of tries, but a certain kind and char- 
ristic form is a forest and certain ob- 
jects are involved 

The first and foremost object of a forest 
is to supply n> with wood material; it is 
the substance of the trees itself, not their 
fruit, as in the orchard; not their beauty, 
as in the park; not their shelter, as in the 
wind break; not their shade, as in the street 
trees, that constitute the primary object of 
this class of woodland, although inciden- 
tally all these other objects may also be 
served by it. Ultimately, then, a forest is 
nothing more nor less than a wood crop. 
just as a wheat field, while a beautiful ob- 
and perhaps a useful soil cover, is a 
food crop 

Only when the trees are cut and made 
into useful wood articles is the final object 
of a forest fulfilled; no matter what other 
objects it may have incidentally satisfied 
until harvest. Hence, if the State of New 
York withdraws from such use a large 
.land area in the Adirondacks to sub- 
serve solely these secondary or incidental 
purpose, it is an economic mistake, which 
time and intelligent conception of rational 
economy will correct. 

Sometimes and under certain conditions 
the shelter and soil cover which a forest 
furnishes may become more important than 
the wood material, namely, where steep 
slopes arc to be protected against erosion 
and the water flow is to be regulated or the 
climate is to be ameliorated. These pur- 
poses can be attained without foregoing the 
main purpose of wood supply. 

Again, on limit eel areas a forest may be 
set a by the kings of old, as a game 

preserve and for pleasure purposes. 

We may, therefore, recognize this last 
as a luxury forest, the former as pro- 
tection forest ; but ultimately, in a well- 
regulated economic, industrial nation they 
must all become supply forests. Only the 
manner of management will vary wherever 
the former 2 objects are to be kept promi- 
nent. 

While, then, the object of the wooded 
territory designates it as a forest, we also 
recognize foresl conditions. The forest is 
not a mere collection of trees, but in order 
to fulfil its objects, the ideal conditions are 
a more or elusive occupancy with 

arborescent growth; a close stand of trees, 



resulting in individual tree development un- 
like that produced in the open stand; and a 
more or less, dense shading of the ground, 
which excludes largely the lower vegeta- 
tion. By so much as these conditions are 
deficient, by so much does the forest fail to 
fulfil momic functions as a sourc 

USeful material and as a factor in influen- 
cing climatic and soil conditions. Only 
because of the absence of better ones, do 
the woodlands in open stand, which charac- 
terize the arid regions, deserve the name of 
forest. 

It is not merely wood which is required 
by man, but wood of certain description, 
certain qualities and sizes such as are tit 
to be cut into lumber, as boards, planks, 
joists, scantlings; into timber, as beams, 
sills and posts; or into bolts free from blem- 
ish, which can be advantageously manufac- 
tured into the thousand articles that are in- 
dispensable to human civilization. The 
trees which satisfy these requirements are 
those having a long, cylindrical shaft free 
of branches and of the resulting knots. Such 
trees are produced by the dense stand. The 
close neighbors deprive the lower branches 
early of sidelight, kill them, and rub off 
the dead branches. This forces the crown 
to reach up for light, and to put all growth 
energy into the bole instead of dissipating 
it into branch growth, such as is the proper 
thing for a shade tree or a lawn tree to 
develop. 

Many of our virgin woodlands fail in this 
respect to satisfy the economic requirement 
of furnishing. a suitable timber supply. Not 
only are large areas occupied by species of 
little usefulness, but they lack the ideal for- 
est conditions which it is the function of 
the forester to create. 



Visitor : So you were shipwrecked and 
came near starving? 

Mariner: Yes, mum, and I had to eat a 
whisk broom and the sawdust out of a 
cushion. 

Visitor: It must have been a terrible 
dose. 

Mariner: Not so bad, mum. Yer see I 
had been used to eating health foods. — 
Chicago News. 



As a sportsman I could not get along 
without Recreation, as it gives so much 
valuable information about hunting 
grounds and sporting goods. I am much 
pleased at the way you roast the game 
hogs. 

E. A. Schwartz, Alewive, Me. 



A Philadelphia paper recently printed 

the following: 

"Wanted —A young unmarried woman, 
without children, wants position as cook 
or housekeeper." 



PURE AND IMPURE FOODS. 

Edited by C. F. Langworthy, Ph.D. 
Author of " On Citraconic, Itaconic and Mesaconic Acids," " I-'ish as Food/'etc. 

" What a Man Eats He A." 



PORK AS FOOD. 

Statements are common to the effect that 
pork is not a fit food for man, various rea- 
sons being given, which in the majority of 
cases seem based more on prejudice than 
any scientific knowledge of the subject. 
Thus, it is often said that pork is indi- 
gestible. As it is comparatively rich in fat, 
it may take a little longer to digest than 
some other meats, but as far as diligent 
search shows there are no experiments on 
record which show it is less thoroughly di- 
gested than other flesh foods. Ham and 
bacon are accepted by many who do not 
believe in roast pork, yet the salt and smoke 
can do little except modify the flavor and 
keeping quality; so there is not much rea- 
son for such limitation. A careful review 
of the whole subject and of the experiments 
of different sorts which have been reported 
leads to the conclusion that pork is a val- 
uable and useful food for man, provided it 
is of satisfactory quality, though the liking 
for it, as for other foods, is a matter of 
the personal equation. 

Some statements recently made by Miss 
Emma J. Davenport, in a paper read before 
the Illinois Housekeepers' Conference, are 
of interest : 

"There is a domestic animal which, in 
view of the fact that he was represented by 
over 8*4 millions of his kind in Chicago 
last year, possibly does not need a cham- 
pion. This animal has developed with the 
Anglo-Saxon race, has enjoyed its pros- 
perity, and to-day is a clean, well bred, 
wholesome domestic creature. I refer to 
the modern hog. 

"There are people who claim that pork is 
not fit to eat because the hog is subject to 
some of the same diseases as man. What 
about tuberculous beef? The record, for 
1901, of the chief representative of the 
United States Bureau of Animal Industry 
for the Chicago live stock market, fur- 
nished by Mr. Horine, statistician of the 
Chicago Union Stock Yards, shows the fol- 
lowing results : 

"Of cattle there were 1,810,155 inspec- 
tions in the yard. Of these there were 
2,202 rejections, or ]4 of one per cent. 
There were 1,748,573 post mortem inspec- 
tions, of which 5,371 or 1-3 of one per cent 
of the carcasses were condemned. Of the 
inspected cattle, therefore, .42 of one per 
cent were condemned either on foot or after 
killing. Of hogs there were 6,547.370 in- 
spections, of which there were 15,424, or % 



of one per cent rejected on foot; and, of 
7.121,509 post mortem inspections, 11,088, or 
1-6 per cent rejected. 

"Of hogs inspected, therefore, .30 of one 
per cent were condemned against .42 of one 
per cent of cattle; near 1-3 less. Not only 
this, )/& of one per cent of cattle against % 
of one per cent hogs were condemned on 
foot ; showing that disease in the hog is 
much more easily detected while alive, than 
in cattle; and this is further borne out by 
the fact that, of the post mortem examina- 
tions, but l / 2 as many carcasses of hogs 
were condemned as of cattle, or 1-6 of one 
per cent against 1-3 of one per cent. 

"Besides, the average dressed carcass of 
a hog weighs 150 pounds, and that of beef 
470 pounds, or a little over 3 times as much. 
Now if the proportion of diseased cattle is 
]/ 2 times as great as of hogs, when we buy 
one pound of inspected meat the chances 
are over 4 times greater that it will be 
healthy, if it be pork, than if it be beef: yet 
no one, except a vegetarian, would think of 
saying that we should not eat beef. 

"The tuberculin test and meat inspection 
have mitigated greatly the chances for dis- 
eased milk and meat being on the market; 
yet the only safety lies in insisting abso- 
lutely that milk shall come from herds 
which are frequently given the tuberculin 
test and where sanitary measures as to 
cleanliness and pure water are observed. 
Protection as to meat is always to cook it 
thoroughly, whatever it may be. 

"These statistics show that pork is as 
wholesome and safe as beef. 

"Comparing the composition of beef and 
pork, the following are averages of the 
whole carcass, not including the head: 
Beef: Waste, 17.6; water, 50.4: dry mat- 
ter, 32.0; protein, 14.6; fat, 16.6; ash, 0.7 
per cent; fuel value, 975 calories. Pork: 
Waste, 24.0; water, 32.0; dry matter, 53.8; 
protein. 10.8 ; fats, 40.5 ; ash, 2.4 per cent ; 
fuel value. 2,045 calories a pound. 

"Pork is particularly valuable as a food 
for energy, as it furnishes more than twice 
the amount that beef' does. The adult does 
not require food for building up the body, 
except to replnce the small waste; but he 
needs that which will give energy. Pork 
nlso contains the greater quantity of dry 
matter, and it is not deficient in protein. 
Pork is also to be recommended as a cheap 
food. It is especially cheap to the pro- 
ducer, and costs less per pound to the man 
who buys it. From quotations of the Chi- 



69 



70 



RECREATION. 



markets, prices for dressed pork rnntje 
from 5 cents to 8 cents a pound, and for 
beef, from 8 cents to 12 cents. 

"In a I furnishing approx- 

irnat- f protein and 3,500 

calc: dard for a man 

at moderate muscular work, taken from 
the government bulletin on nutritive value 
and the cheapest diet given 

read and butter, pork and beans, at a 
cost of 1304 cents.'' 



IX MONARCHS' KITCHENS 

According to a recent writer, the Ger- 
man Emperor 1- ed to be officious in 
the SUpervis his kitchen. He has 
known t«» make a special tour of in- 
tion, under the guidance of a marshal 
of the court, and to harangue the scullions, 
ive them lessons in the art of making 
A.S a rule he gets his meals en pen- 
sion, a regular sum per head being allot- 
ted for the board of the imperial family, 
and within these limits the cooks have a 
free hand. The chief cook is a German, 
and under him are a German and a 
Frenchman, although the use of the French 
language on the menus is strictly forbidden. 
The chef h.v t through about 4-hun- 
dredweight of butcher's meat on ordi- 
nary days for the meals of the court. On 
great occasions he usually begins his prep- 
arations a week before, and calls in the 
services of the cooks at the other palaces, 
as well as the confectioners in Unter den 
Linden. William II. believes in dishes en 
tnassc. The joints appear in the dining sa- 
loon, and the cakes are frequently fash- 
! into the shape of temples, minarets 
and castl 

The chef in the household of the Czar 
is an Alsatian, an ex-soldier, who is paid 
ry high salary. H« is an adept in the 
fabrication of appetizing Russian soups. 
which are much liked by Nichclas IT; and 
he has a regular dictionary of recines for 
the treatment of caviare. He has to en- 
dure the nuisance of having 2 or 3 Circas- 
sians always hoverine nbout the kitchen on 
the lookout for suspicious underlines, and 
gentry apply themselves to the task 
of tasting the imperial viands with greater 
zeal than the occasion demands. The 
Empress often conveys to the kitchen a re- 
- a dainty dish to be prepared 
a f Anglais; and apart from the national 
dish s. the composition of the imperial 
menu en fa mil I e is as much English as 
French 

The Emperor Francis Joseph is said to 
spend about ??5oooo a year on his table, 
althoneh he himself is one of the most ab- 
stemious monarchs in Europe. The staff 
consists of half a hundred trained cooks, 



equally divided as to sex, and a committee 
of the heads of each department is held on 
the occasion of a state banquet. All the 
carving is done in an apartment reserved 
for the purpose, to which the comestihles 
are conveyed from the kitchen. The cus- 
tom of perquisites is more firmly estab- 
lished in the Austrian imperial kitchen 
than anywhere else in royal Europe. 

At some of the smaller courts native 
chefs are preferred, as for example, in 
Rome, Madrid and Stockholm. At the 
Sublime Porte. Abdul Hamid formerly con- 
tented himself with French chefs, but after 
the visit of the German Emperor to Con- 
stantinople he engaged 3 German cooks, 
who assist him in dispensing the enormous 
daily sum of about $5,000 on the pleasures 
of the table for his vast establishment. All 
the Sultan's personal dishes are prepared 
in silver vessels, and are sealed by the 
grand vizier before they leave the kitchen. 
The seal is broken in the presence of the 
monarch, and it is the duty of the cham- 
berlain to taste the first mouthful if so 
commanded. 



BOILED MEATS, TOULTRY, FISH. 

Fresh and salt meats and fish require dif- 
ferent methods of cooking. When boiled, 
for instance, leg of mutton or fowls should 
be put into boiling water and allowed to 
boil rapidly about 10 minutes. Then the 
temperature should be lowered and the 
meat should be allowed to cook at simmer- 
ing point, when little bubbles appear around 
the edge of the kettle, until it is done. The 
same rule applies to all lightly salted or 
smoked meats. Meats that are heavily 
salted may be put into cold water and al- 
lowed to come to the boiling point slowly. 
By this method much of the nutritive ma- 
terial is extracted before the surface of the 
meat is covered or sealed with an impervi- 
ous layer of albumen, coagulated by the 
heat of the boiling water. Removing the 
excess of salt improves the flavor of the 
meat. When the boiling point is reached, 
the meats must only simmer or they will he 
grained and stringy. Fresh fish should al- 
ways be put into boiling water, and then 
allowed only to simmer, as rapid boiling 
breaks the skin and separates the flesh and 
much is wasted. If it is put into cold 
water, much of the nitrogenous extractives 
and salts, which trivc flavor, will be dissolved 
before the fish begins to cook. Very salt 
fish is sometimes soaked in cold water be- 
fore being cooked. 



Nobody had any idea that germs were so 
good to eat until it was learned that more 
than 66 million of them are to be found in 
an adult oyster. — Kansas City Star. 



BOOK NOTICES. 



THE ANTHONY & SCOVILL ANNUAL. 

The Anthony & Scovill Co., 122 Fifth 
Ave., New \ork, has issued the American 
Annual of Photography for 1904, and to per- 
sons who have been fortunate enough to 
see previous issues of this book, it is only 
necessary to say that the present one is 
fully up to the standard of the others. Peo- 
ple who have not been reading the annual 
have a treat in store for them. The table 
of contents of the present volume is of 
itself an interesting study. It enumerates 
such articles as "A Flash Light Help," "A 
Plea For Sunshine," "Bromide Enlarg- 
ing," "Carbon Printing," "Dark Room 
Lanterns," "Focal Plane Shutters," "In- 
dian Photography," "Originality in Pho- 
tography," and many others. One scarcely 
knows where to begin or where to stop 
these interesting, useful and instructive ar- 
ticles. 

In addition to the text there are many 
reproductions of photographs that are 
gems of art, and any lover of photography 
who once picks up a copy of the annual for 
1904 will regret to lay it down. 

Notwithstanding all the treasures it 
contains this book sells for 75 cents. 



MIGHTY INTERESTING BEARS. 

"Bears I Have Met and Others" is the 
title of a book written by Allen Kelly, of 
California, and published by Drexel Biddle, 
of Philadelphia. This book contains the 
most thrilling collection of bear stories that 
has been brought together in any one 
volume, to my knowledge. The author 
must have spent years in digging up old 
hunters, and he has certainly struck pay 
dirt in most cases. If all these stories were 
true, it would mean that the California 
hills must have been alive with big grizzlies, 
all of which were walking around with 
chips on their shoulders. 

The author pretends to believe that near- 
ly all these big yarns are true, but evident- 
ly means to be polite to the men who told 
the stories. He knows it is not always 
safe to question the veracity of a Western 
man as long as he is walking about with a 
gun strapped on his hip. It is not neces- 
sary that a bear story should be true in 
order to be interesting. Some of these 
may be true, but they are all well told and 
any one of them is worth the entire price 
of the book. It sella at 50 cents, paper, 
and $1, cloth. 



The New York Zoological Society has 
issued a beautiful little book entitled "The 
New York Zoological Park" which con- 



tains exquisite Albertype plates of elk, 
mule, deer, wild sheep, zebras, lions, tigers, 
bears, monkeys, cranes, flamingoes, etc. 
The pictures are 4x5/2 inches in size, and 
are made from the choicest work of Mr. 
E. H. Sanborn, official photographer of the 
park. 

The book sells at 25 cents, and is worth 4 
times the price to any lover of wild animals. 
You can get a copy by addressing W. T. 
Hornaday, Zoological Park, New York City. 



S. R. Stoddard, of Glens Falls, N. Y., has 
issued a new edition of his book, entitled 
"The Adirondacks, Illustrated." This has 
been for many years a standard book of 
reference and study for people who visit the 
Adirondacks and it is scarcely necessary to 
speak of it at length here. It is brimful of 
valuable information and as interesting as 
ever. Every person who has ever been in the 
Adirondacks, or who expects to go there 
in future, should have a copy. It is pub- 
lished by the author and sells at 25 cents 
a copy paper bound, 50 cents cloth. 



Mr. A. H. O'Brien, editor of the Canada 
Law Journal, Ottawa, Ontario, has issued 
his yearly Digest of the Game and Fish 
Laws of Ontario. This is a neat little book 
of 44 pages, which must certainly 
prove useful to every sportsman who may 
contemplate a hunting or fishing trip to that 
Province. The book sells at 25 cents in pa- 
per covers, and at 50 cents in cloth. In 
writing for it, please mention Recreation. 



The Secretary of Agriculture, Washing- 
ton, D. C, has issued a bulletin giving the 
text of the new Alaskan game law and 
full instructions as to the regulations adopt- 
ed by the Agricultural Department for the 
enforcement of that law. Any person in- 
terested can get a copy of the bulletin by 
addressing Dr. T. S. Palmer, Department 
of Agriculture, Washington. 



The work you are doing will live after 
you, and no sportsman who once reads 
your magazine can ever cease to be grateful 
to you for your noble work. 

John T. Goolrick, Washington, D. C. 



I am a reader of Recreation and think 
it the best magazine published. I admire 
the way in which you roast the game hogs 
and hope you will continue. 

Ray Pomont, Corona, S. Dak. 



71 



PUBLISHER'S NOTES. 



HILDEBRANDT ADVERTISES. 

The Enterprise Manufacturing Com- 
pany, Akron, Ohio, has brought a suit 
John J. Hildebrandt, of Logans- 
port, Indiana, charging him with infringe- 
ment of their patent on an artificial bait. 
They claim heavy damages and ask for an 
injunction restraining Hildcbrandt from 
making and selling these baits in future. 
Hildebrandt secured a patent before be- 
ginning the manufacture of his bait, and 
this will no doubt stand good in the courts. 
The Enterprise people are not so enter- 
ng as Hildebrandt is, and there is the 
rub. The Akron outfit has always de- 
clined to advertise in Recreation. On the 
other hand. Hildebrandt used space in this 
magazine from the start, and naturally did 
a large business. In a recent letter to me 
he say-. M I reaped large profits through 
advertising in your magazine ; more than 
fmm all the others together." 

If the Enterpn-e people had been as en- 
terprising as they claim to be they would 
had the trade of this country all sup- 
plied with artificial baits long before Hil- 
debrandt got started. 



A CONVENIENT OUTFIT. 

Some 20 years ago I bought a heavy 
hunting knife, a thin bladed skinning knife 
and a Bteel to sharpen them on. Then I 
devi- ibbard in which to carry the 3 

implement-. I used this outfit until the 
scabbard was well nigh worn out, and then 
sent it t<> the Marble Safety Axe Co., 
Gladstone. Mich., with a recpicst that they 
make me a new one like it. Mr. Marble 
liked the scheme, and a^ked permission to 
make up a line of outfits like this and put 
them on the market. I. of course, told him 
I should be glad to have him do so. Mr. 
Marble honored me by naming this the Co- 
quina Outfit, for which I make to him my 
most profound salaam. 

During all the years in which I hunted 
big game in the West, the South, and the 
I found this combination of 
knives and st< -t convenient and 

handy, and I think any sportsman who tries 
it will agree with me. 



Messrs. Spratft Patent benched, fed and 
fitted up the dogs at the Ladies' Kennel 
ciation's Show held in Madison Square 
Garden. November 3-6; also the Long Isl- 
and Kennel Club's Show, held in the Cler- 
mont Avenue Rink, Brooklyn. November 
10-13; the Chicn-o Poultry, Pigeon and 
k Show, i-t Re-Minent Armory. 
Wabash, and j<V.h streets. Chicago, 111., No- 



vember 28-4 ; the X. J. Fanciers' Poul- 
try, Pigeon and Pet Stock Show, New 
Auditorium, Orange street, Newark. N. J., 
December 1-5; the Poultry Show at Ruther- 
ford, N. J., December 10-12; and the Poul- 
try Show at Hackensack, N. J., December 

I 7 19. 

They have a contract to pen, feed and fit 
up the Poultry Show to be held in New 
York City, January 4-9, and a number of 
other contracts pending. 



The Blair Camera Co., Rochester, N. Y., 
has published a Christmas booklet giving 
a full description of Hawk Eye cameras. 
The various models of these are artistically 
and effectively illustrated, and the text de- 
scribes them fully. A new Hawk Eye, No. 
3, is described in this book for the first 
time. It makes 3% by 4% pictures and 
uses daylight loading films. The camera 
is neat, compact and handy, and is sure to 
prove popular. Another speciality of the 
Blair Camera Co. is the Stereo Hawk Eye, 
which is a light, handy camera, and which 
is provided with double lens and double 
rolls for making stereoscopic views. Every 
amateur photographer should have a copy 
of this book. 



Office of G. G. Clough, Lawyer, 

Corpus Christi, Texas. 
Messrs. Schoverling, Daly & Gales, 
New York City. 
Dear Sirs : 

Last summer I bought from F. Schorer, 
Galveston, 2 cans of New Green Walsrode 
that had gone through the Galveston storm 
of 1900. The cans were rusted to pieces, 
but the powder was O. K. I want 5 pounds 
New Green Walsrode. Where can I get 
it near here Yours truly, 

G. G. Clough. 



Prevention is better than cure. Pure 
food and fresh air are essentials to this 
end, but not everyone seems to know that 
right underclothing is practically as im- 
portant in our climate. The only right 
underclothing is wool, but the wool must 
be absolutely pure and the fabric of scien- 
tific weave, like Jaeger's, or else half the 
benefit is lost. 



Prescott, Arizona. 
West End Furniture Co., 

\\ illiamsport, Pa. 
Dear Sirs: 

The sportsmen's cnbinet has arrived, in 
perfect condition, and I am much pleased 
with it. 

C. W. Manderfeld. 



72 



EDITOR'S CORXKR 



NOW FOR A MILLION'. 
An editor's life is not all grief. It does 
not consist wholly of roasting people and 
Leing roasted. Occasionally someone conies 
in and asks an editor out to have a smile. 
Then again he sometimes gels a smile at 
his own desk. Here is one that came in the 
mail a few days ago : 

Atlanta, Ga. 
Recreation, Magazine, 

23 West 24th St, New York, N. Y. 
Mr. G. O. Shields, Gen'l Mgr. and Editor. 

Dear Sir, 

1 would like to write you a few lines in- 
forming you That i would like to write a 
Poem each month for your Magazine and 
let it go under the name as Poem's from a 
Southern Author from Way Down South, 
as I have composed a emense of Ghost 
Storys and Fairy Tales as i have never seen 
any such Story's of the Ye Olden Time 
writen in a Magazine yet and would say 
that i can make it interesting in your 
Magazine for your reders I want to write 
for you the year round funny stories and 
Ghost Poems of the Ye Olden Times, i 
can write stories very comical and can 
make any body laugh their self to death, 
i will write reasonable monthly or yearly. 
So not as i think that i can improve your 
Magazine in Editorals but i can gurantte 
that your readers will hunt for my stories 
every time, so give me a chance, i will 
write you a sample copy of my Southern 
pomes writen From a Southern Dramatic 
Author, i will send sample copy and my 
price by request by you by Return Mail. 
Yours very truly. 



Dramatic Ghost Story Author. 

I think T shall buy some of these poems 
and print them. I dislike to imagine a lot 
of my readers laughing themselves to 
death; but think of the gain to me! Let 
it be announced that a man in the Waldorf 
Castoria had died laughing at something 
he read in Recreation. In a minute all 
the other people in the house would fall 
over the corpse in a struggle to get to the 
news stand; and so it would be everywhere. 
I expect to see my circulation go up to a 
million within 2 days after the appearance 
of the first one of these ghost story poems. 



A BROTHER EDITOR APPROVES. 
T am not fond of reprinting good things 
which brother writers may say of me. but I 
trust I may be pardoned for making a quo- 
tation from a recent issue of the Worcester, 
Mass., Gazette. The editor of that journal 
devotes a column to an ostensible defense 
of S. E. Hanson, of that city, whom I 



roasted some months ago for having caught 
300 pounds of fish in one day. In the 
course of Ins southing remarks on behalf 
of the wounded Suede, the editor pays me 
a compliment that 1 can not forego the 
privilege of printing, not only for the satis- 
faction of my friends, but for the further 
stirring up of some other game and fish 
hogs who are busy telling their friends 
that nothing good can come out of Recre- 
ation office. 

The Gazette man, in speaking of Han- 
son's fishing exploit, says : 

Recreation is always lying in wait 
for things of this kind, and has a man 
in this city who informs the publisher 
of such cases as are deemed breaches of 
good breeding on the part of sportsmen. 
Mr. Shields, the editor and publisher, 
makes no bones of calling men hard 
names when they take an inordinate 
number of fish or kill more game than 
they can make use of. "Game hog" and 
"pot hunter" are among the terms which 
Mr. Shields marshals in a rhetoric so 
fiery that it is sufficient to scald the 
rivets off a steam boiler, to say nothing 
of starting the hirsute covering of his 
so-called "game hog." 



A JUSTICE GUILTY. 

Deputy Game Warden Phillips, of Du- 
luth, Minn., wen 4 - hunting in the Bowstring 
country last summer and found in one 
shack 30 sacks of deer and moose hair 
weighing altogether more than a ton. He 
also found 9 tanned. deer skins and a half 
mounted head. He failed to find the 
wretches who killed the game, but it is 
hoped they may be apprehended later. The 
hair was burned and the hides confiscated. 

On another trip, Phillips discovered, in 
the vicinity of Jessie lake, 50 miles North 
of Duluth, a lot of deer hides, deer heads 
and fresh venison. These were stored in 
and about the homes of W. S. Brown, a 
justice of the peace; Samuel Targenson. a 
constable; and John McDougall, chairman 
of the town board. These men were ar- 
rested, jacked up before a real justice, 
and the so called Justice Brown was fined 
$50. The constable and the chairman of 
the town board were also found guilty, but 
for some reason their fines were remitted. 

It seems that Robert Christie, the town- 
ship treasurer, is a member of this band of 
law breakers, but it was impossible to get 
sufficient evidence against him at the time 
to convict him. 

Brown's name goes down in the game 
hog register as No. 042, Targenson's as 
943, and McDougall's as 944. Ch r istie 



73 



74 



RECREATION. 



should have a number, but I will postpone 
the : his name until Phillips 

■ hook into him. 



COUNTRY PATER EXAGGERATE 

It was recently announced by i local 
r that a judge of a certain court in 

>ta had killed 30 squirrels in ■ 
1 wrote the judge for confirmation or de- 
nial ol the report, and he replied that he 
and a friend were out 2 days and killed 20 
squil 9 of winch fell to the 

jun. i his illustrates in a marked 
ee the chronic offense of the avei 
country newspaper editor of exaggerating 
rts >f hunting and fishing trips. It is 
say that half the statements of such 
sent to this office in the shape of 
-paper clippings prove false on inves- 
tion. In the course of the letter to me 
denying the report the judj "The 

publi of the item was without my 

knowledge, and 1 regret that any publicity 
been given the trip. The few days 
during the year when I can get away 
fishing and hunting are enjoyed more be- 
• tin. opportunity for healthful rec- 
reation than for the capture of game. 
While a well filled creel or game bag adds 
ly to the enjoyment of the trip, yet I 
am always thankful and content with the 
small portion that usually falls to my lot." 
If country newspapers would only con- 
fine themselves to the truth in reporting 
the hunting and fishing trips of their read- 
uld save manv a man the necessity 
of convicting the editor or the reporter of 
falsehood. 



THE SHEEP MEN* ARE HOT. 

Certain stockmen and sheep owners in 
ming, whose range has been curtailed 
by the creation of the Yellowstone Forest 
rve. have been working hard for sev- 
eral months past to induce President Roose- 
velt to rescind the order by which the re- 
serve was created and throw the land open 
again for grazing purposes. These sheep- 
men have also demanded of the president 
the removal of Mr. A. A. Anderson from 
the position of superintendent of this re- 
serve. They have made a great deal of 
themselves and have induced other 
people in the State to join them in howl- 
ing; but from present indications their de- 
mands are not likely to be complied with by 
the president, and they should not be. The 
territory comprised within the limits of 
the Yellowstone Reserve is the natural 
home of the elk. the antelope and the mule 
deer, all of which have been greatly re- 
duced in numbers and th<ir feeding grounds 

asly injured by the encroachment 
the sheepmen. The limits of Yellowstone 
Park have proved insufficient for the pre- 
servation of these species of game and it 



is just and proper that the United States 
Government should enlarge it. Pending 
such action by Congress, the president acted 
wiselj in Creating the Yellowstone Forest 
rve and it is hoped he may see lit to 
maintain it in its present size and shape. 



A CHEAP EDITOR. 

Albert, Arthur and Lyman Cooper, of 
Gorunna, and William Robins, of Owosso, 
Mich., "all prominent citizens," according to 
a local newspaper, were arrested in August 
by game warden Brewster, charged 
with dynamiting fish in the Schiwassaa 
river. 1 he principal witness for the prose- 
cution was J. Haines, of Schiwassaa. The 
dynamiters made him a present of a mess 
of fish, which he ate, and then reported 
the case to the game warden. After the 
evidence was all in, the jury went out at 
10 o'clock at night and deliberated until 4 
o'clock in the morning, when the members 
reported to the court that they would like to 
visit the scene of the dynamiting. They 
were driven 14 miles through a drenching 
rain, and on their return agreed on a verdict, 
finding the defendants guilty, whereupon 
Judge Patchel assessed a good, round fine 
against the "prominent citizens." 

The people of Schiwassaa should feel 
heartily ashamed of an editor who calls 
dynamite fishermen "prominent citizens." 
The price these "prominent citizens" paid 
for their complimentary notice was proba- 
bly a mess of fish. Verily, honors are cheap 
in Michigan. 

Albert Cooper's number in the fish hog 
pen is 945, Arthur's 946, Lyman's 947, and 
William Robins' is 948. 



MOVING THE PRAIRIE DOGS. 

When the antelope range was first estab- 
lished in the New York Zoological Park a 
few prairie dogs were planted among the 
pronghorns, simply to enliven the land- 
scape, but they enlivened it too much and 
became entirely too numerous in course of 
time ; so Director Hornaday set his men 
to work to trap them and transfer them to 
the regular prairie dog village, which has 
a stone wall around it, running into the 
ground. The amateur trappers in the park 
exhausted their ingenuity on the little ro- 
dents without being able to capture many 
of them. Then a professional trapper was 
called in, and soon solved the problem. 

He got a lot of empty barrels, knocked 
both heads out. set them over the prairie 
dog holes and filled the holes with loose 
sand. The dogs soon got tired of being 
corked up, dug out and let the sand go 
down below. This process stopped up the 
entrance to the holes. In other words, 
when a dog came out he pulled the hole 
out after him, and found himself barreled 
up. Then the trapper simply took a land- 



EDITOR'S CORNER. 



75 



ing net, dipped up the dog, carried him to 
the prairie dog town, pitched him over the 
fence, and there they all are to-day. 

A RIGHTEOUS JUDGE. 

I have before had occasion to commend 
Judge J. S. Huson, of the Probate Court, 
Grand Rapids, Mich., for the sledgeham- 
mer blows he is dealing offenders against 
the game and fish laws. He has recently 
made some new entries on his docket which 
are worthy the attention of every judicial 
officer in this country. 

Here is the record: 

August i, 1903, Judge Huson fined Hor- 
ace Lydick $100 and costs, amounting to 
$123.05, for killing a cow moose. 

August 4, Dell Linden was fined $1,000 
and $15 costs for having in possession 50 
deer skins, contrary to law. 

July 2, William H. Brown was fined $50 
and costs, for killing 2 deer out of season. 

July 15, W. D. Leelman was fined $15 
and costs for offering 3 black bass for sale. 

If all judges would deal with offenders 
who are brought before them as Judge 
Huson does, the game wardens, constables 
and deputy sheriffs would soon be able to 
take a rest. 



The Los Angeles Daily Herald gave an 
account some weeks ago of an investigation 
that was being made by the local fish and 
game protective association, of charges 
against a resident of that city to the effect 
that he was catching song birds in the 
trees about his house, with steel traps. The ■ 
reporter sent out to write up the case had, 
no doubt, given the name and street ad- 
dress of this man, but the editor had evi- 
dently blue penciled the name, lest he 
should lose a subscriber. 

Will some reader of Recreation in Los 
Angeles please give me the name and ad- 
dress of this song bird trapper, and give me 
a full report as to what, if anything, was 
done with the case? The trapper may pos- 
sibly be a subscriber to Recreation, but 
that matters not. If I can learn who he is, 
I shall be glad to give him a scalding that 
will prevent him from renewing his sub- 
scription. 



The Park Commissioners of this city 
have scored a victory against the bill board 
nuisance. A former Park Commissioner 
granted a permit to a certain advertising 
man to deface the fence surrounding the 
New York Library building, at Fifth ave- 
nue and 42d street. When Commissioner 
Wilcox was appointed he revoked this per- 
mit, and the mutilator of public walls went 
into court for redress. The case has recently 
been passed on by the Court of Appeals at 
Albany, and the action of Commissioner 
^Wilcox is sustained. The unsightly and dis- 



graceful advertisements that have defaced 
i.Ik- public library fence for a year past must 
now come down. It the Legislatures of the 
various States would follow up this de- 
cision by passing laws prohibiting the erec- 
tion of these ridiculous advertising fakes 
all over the country, the public would be 
grateful. 



N. L. Hoyt, a wealthy grocer of Chicago, 
was arrested July 5th last, for shooting 
woodcock out of season, and 5 of the birds 
were found in his possession. He was taken, 
before a justice of the peace in Evanston 
and fined $15, this being the minimum 
penalty as fixed by law for the killing of 
one woodcock. I am informed that State 
Game Commissioner A. J. Lovejoy tele- 
graphed the justice on the morning of the 
trial, asking that the fine be fixed at this 
small amount. The reason for this is sup- 
posed to be that Hoyt is a wealthy man and 
Lovejoy probably thought his influence 
might be valuable in some future election. 
If Hoyt had been a poor devil, the justice 
would no doubt have soaked him to the 
full limit and Lovejoy would have crowed 
over the victory. The law should not be 
twisted. 



Joseph Beiter and William Arthur, 2 
Johnstown, Pa., lawyers, have been given 
a dose of their own medicine. They went 
trout fishing in the close season for these 
fish last summer, and caught 28 in one day. 
State Fish Commissioner Meehan heard of 
the exploit, had warrants issued for the 
offenders, and a justice of the peace fined 
them $10 for each fish, $200 in all. They 
paid the fine and costs. 

It is the business of a lawyer to expound 
the law to other people and collect pay for 
it. A lawyer is supposed to know all about 
game and fish laws, as well as others ; and 
it is a great satisfaction. to know that when 
a pair of these legal lights violated a plain, 
simple statute like that against the taking 
of trout at certain times they should have 
been required to pay the penalty. 



In July last George Lucas. Britton Butler 
and Harry Vcdeffer, of Winburne, Pa., 
were arrested by County Detective J. W. 
Rightnour. of Bellefonte, for dynamiting 
fish on Black Bear run. They were taken 
before Justice J. B. LaPorte, of Philips- 
burg, tried, found guilty and sentenced to 
pay a fine of $100 each and costs of $15.34, 
and to serve 100 days in jail. The dyna- 
miters appealed their case to the county 
court, where the sentence of the Justice 
was confirmed and the pirates paid their 
fines. 

Thus Justice LaPorte, Detective Right- 
hour and Harry Simla have earned the 
gratitude of all good people. 



;6 



RECREATION. 



Lucas's number in the hog register is 
Butler's 950 and Vedeffer's 951. 

Dr Barton W. Evcrmann, assistant in 
cli.u. Scientific Inquiry, U. S. Bureau 

of Fisheries, reports that he had excellent 
trout fishing in Alaska last summer, at sev- 
eral different places, particularly at Fresh- 
Sitka, Klawock and Hunter bay. 
The most abundant trout in Alaska is the 
Dolly Yanlen. It was so abundant at Pab- 
:alN. Freshwater hay. that Dr. Ever- 
mann was able to catch a number of large 
specimens in a few hours! The cutthroat 
trout and a new species of rainbow trout 
mmon and exceedingly gamey. 
Dr. Evermann promises to give the read- 
EATION a fuller account of his 
angling in Alaskan waters. 



plunked them down, and in future will 
probably wait until the legal season opens 
before he goes after ducks. His number in 
the game nog l> ok b 952. 



July 23, -' hunters, a short distance out 
of Wichita, Kan., were ostensibly hunt- 
ing plover along the public highway. The 
local constable, who is a member of the 
. thought that plover did not light 
on telegraph wires, investigated, found 
some doves in the wagon, and promptly ar- 
rested the men. He took them before the 
justice of the peace, who fined them $25 
apiece for their fun. They left 2 valuable 
guns as security. The State Secretary- 
Treasurer had caused the late changes in 
the game laws to be advertised extensively 
and the farmers were "next." Let the 
good work go on. 



A hardware dealer in Dolgeville. N. Y., 
offered a pri/c in April last to the man 
who would take the biggest trout on the 
opening day of the season and deliver it at 
the hardware Store. The prize was won 
by Joseph Kamps with a trout from Big 
Sprite creek that weighed I0$4 ounces. A 
certain smart Aleck of Dolgeville entered 
another trout which weighed T4 ounces, but 
it was suggested by some of the competi- 
tors that the fish was not big enough to 
register that weight. On examination the 
fish was found to contain 4 ounces of shot. 
It would have been a good scheme to have 
compelled Mr. Aleck to swallow those shot 
after they were taken from his trout. 



J. N. Brown, of Dover. N. J., killed 3 
wild ducks in July last at one pot shot, as 
they sat on the water. Tie was greatly 
elated over the remit of his imaginary skill 
as a shooter, carried the birds down all the 
main streets and gleefully showed them to 
his friends. Game Warden Anson Decker 
heard of the incident, called on Mr Brown 
and escorted him to the office of Justice 
J. H. Brown, where the duck shooter was 
informed that the State needed 62 of bis 
dollars for the game protective fund. J. N. 



Eblom Karom, of Hartford, Conn, was 
recently arrested for killing song and insec- 
tivorous birds. He had in his possession 5 
golden wing woodpeckers, one blue jay 
and 2 robins. The culprit was taken before 
Judge Garvan, of the Hartford police 
court, who soaked him to the extent of $90 
and trimmings — total. $118.7;. Karom paid 
the fine, and it will probably be a long time 
before be will make another series of Karom 
shots like those he made that morning. 
Game warden John E. Footc made the ar- 
rest, and says he is now looking for other 
bird bun: 

Karom is registered in the game hog book 
as No. 953. 

James TT. Mandigo, of Ogdensburgh, 
X. Y.. attempted to ship 2 barrels of coarse 
fish to a dealer in this city some weeks ago, 
and when the barrels were delivered at the 
express office in Ogdensburgh, Game War- 
den E. II. Ma/en. who happened to be on 
deck, thought he smelled game fish. lie 
opened the barrels and found, neatly con- 
cealed among the bullheads, suckers, etc., 
6 black bass. Mr. Ilazen took Mr. Man- 
digo into court, introduced him to the blind 
goddess and a fine of $50 and a sentence of 
6 months' imprisonment were prorhptly pro- 
nounced against the offender. 

Mandigo's number in the fish hog book 
is 954. 

' One J. L. McNitt, of Milroy, Pa., aided 
by a pack of hounds, caught a deer in Au- 
gust last and sold it to a party of hunters. 
Dr. Joseph Kalbfus, secretary of the State 
Game Commission, heard of the affair, 
went after McNitt, rounded him up. and 
took him before Justice J. R. Longwell, of 
Milroy, who fined McNitt $125. 

Hereafter when anyone asks McNitt if 
he is found of bunting deer he will prob- 
ably just pronounce the last syllable of his 
name. 

His full name is further recorded in the 
game hog book opposite the number 955. 



Rev. Robert E. L. Craig, an Episcopal 
minister of Omaha, while out in Central 
NYbraska last spring holding religious 
services among the farmers, was arrested 
for shooting meadow larks and fined $ito. 
He was at the time a candidate for the 
rectorship of Trinity Cathedral, Omaha, 
but the good people of tint congregation 
1 me so disgusted with him when they 
learned of his bird slaughter that they de- 
cided not to appoint him, and I under- 
stand he has left Omaha for some other 
field of labor. His number in the pig pen 
'56. 



RECREATION. 



77 



Beer Keeps One Well 

It is a noticeable fact that those 
who brew beer, and who drink 
what they want of it, are usually 
healthy men. You find no dys- 
peptics among them, no nervous 
wrecks, no wasted, fatless men. 

And so in those countries where 
beer is the national beverage. 

The reason is that beer is health- 
ful. The malt and the hops are 
nerve foods. And the habit of 
drinking it keeps the body supplied 
with fluid to flush out the waste. 

The weak, the nervous and sleep- 
less must have it. Why isn't it 
better to drink it now, and keep 
from becoming so? 

But drink pure 
Beer. There isn't 
in impure beer to 
balance the harm 



beer — Schlitz 
enough good 



in it. 

Ask for the Brewery Bottling, 




73 



RECREATIOW 



MACE STONE AND THE BEAR. 

\V. H. LIFI'ETTS. 

It was from Mao himself that I 

heard the particulars of his famous wrestling 
match with a hear. It was an unpremedi- 

I affair on the part of Mace. - \ 1:1 
he emer m the encounter consider- 

ably the n remarked, 

••'l lamed that rned critter a thing 

k and squar Ik 'Its that he 
didn't know afore.*' 

I to mixing truth with 
1 imagination that it was sometimes 
hard »1 where the one began and 

•her ended. 
"It was all along of that CUSSed 
penter." said M Ml I had SUCC( 

in loosening the "f his 

quence. "That ornery critter was always 
ing into scrapes and then howlin' like a 
fire for one to get him out. 

this way: Me and the car- 
penter went out huntin' one day. We didn't 
know what we was huntin' for, but we was 
huntin' and by gum. we found something 
we wasn't lookin' for. We got over to 
[win in time to catch the steamer 77- 
cottii and made a bargain with Cap- 

tain Frank White to land us at what there 
left of the old Horicon hotel pier at 
the foot of Black mountain. 

"We picked our way ashore over the rot- 
ten planks «>me way or other, and turned 
off to the South so as to come out on the 
- hack of Paradise bay. The carpenter 
ahead. Him and me was travlin' slow- 
ly, not witchin' for much of anythin*. All 
of a sudden the carpenter went out of sight ; 
1 heard a thundering big thump and then a 
thundering big yell. 

d leather lungs I reckon, 
could have heard him from one end of 
the lake to t'other. I knew there was trouble 
ahead, and not stopping to think I rushed 
forward and in 2 jerks of a lamb's tail I 
come down in the middle of as pretty a nuns 
as any one not a durned fool could hope to 
see. 

"There was the carpenter, flat on his 
back and over him a whoppin' big black 
The h'ar was a-settin' on his 
haunches, look'n' kinder surprised at the 
lot of noi^e that cum frum such a small 
man as that carpenter. Well. I no sooner 
landed than that c kunk of a car- 

penter up and leavin' me to tackle 

the critter alone. Before I could ketch my 
breath, the h'ar fetched my arm a clip that 
sent my rifle sail in' out into the bay where 
the water was 20 foot deep. Then he caught 
me a slap a<=ide of the head that made me 
heavens' full of that time I 

had got my dander up. and we went at it 
hammer and tone- [ ' an while the car- 
penter had shinned up a tree and was givin' 
me all sorts of advice. 

"'Give it to him. Mr>e<\' he yelled; 'soak 
him once for me.' Soak him; Great Scott! 
I'd aciven half a dollar to have soaked the 
carpenter just once about then. Talk about 
^orjkin' the b'ar; he had more ^Hence than 
Sullivan ever had. I managed to get out 



my knife, but before I could use it. it was 
knocked out oi my hand and over the bushes 
to keep company with my rifle in the bay. 

Yer gol darned fool.' I shouted to the 
carpenter, 'come down out of that tree, pick 
up yer ritle and shoot the brute.' 

"Your all right.' says the carpenter, 'I'll 
\ here 1 am and let you finish him.' 

He was a miserable sort of a cuss, that 
carpenter. He had no more pluck in him 
than a 7 day old kitten. There he set up 
in the air. clutchin' the branch he was sit- 
tin' on and lookin' down on me and the h'ar 
as though it was a paid show and he had 
a reserved seat. 

"All that time me and the h'ar was a- 
havin' it. We went round and round, and 
the dust flew. Sometimes I was on top and 
then the b'ar was. After cussin' and rastlin' 
awhile I got the critter where I wanted him, 
and by a sort of a double back-action twist 
I lifted and threw him clean over my head. 
He lit kinder stunned like. By the time he 
had got back his thinkin' faculties I ketched 
hold of the carpenter's ritle and sent a ball 
through the b'ar's ugly head. 

"Then I looked at myself. T was a sight. 
When I started out in the mornin' I wore 
tolorably good lookin' clothers. Now my 
coat was clawed off my back and my pants 
was in ribbons. There wasn't enough 
thread in Ticonderoga to have mended that 
suit. 

"The carpenter cum down from the tree 
and begun to make all sorts of comments 
about my appearance. He said I would 
make a good scarecrow and he'd hire me 
to stand in his corn lot the rest of the fall. 
He made me so consarned mad that I 
walked over to where he was standin' and 
fetched him a clip on the jaw that laid him 
out apparently as dead as a nit. 

"I left, thinkin' I'd killed him for sure, 
hut when I got back to Ti., there he was 
before me, and had sworn out a warrant, 
charein' me with assault with intent to kill. 
I said he got the clin in the jaw from the 
h'ar in the beerinnin' of the trouble, and then 
tip and told them all how he had acted dur- 
in' the fight. The judge threw the case out 
of court. 



lie — Why are some girls so fond of bath- 
ing that they are on the beach all day, while 
others can't be induced to go near the 
water? 

She — Oh, it's simply a matter of form.— 
Exchange. 



10 cents 1 drink, 

10 drinks 1 drunk, 

1 drunk 10 davs. 

—Life. 



Rehreatton is the best of books. T do 
not know how any one who loves hunting, 
fishing, or camping can afford to be with- 
out it. 

G. E. Kinsley, Lanesboro, Pa. 



RECREATION. 





THE 



iliJIFtfl 



HENRY B.HYDE 

FOUNDER 



IE 



1904 



JANUARY 




J W ALEXANDER 

PRESIDENT 



/N THE 



<C 



J.H.HYDE 

VICI PRESIDENT 









c^tu^tdfe6c 






1of2 

events is sure-death or old age. 
An adequate Endowment policy 
in the Equitable will make pro- 
vision against both. It wi 1 1 
protectyour fkmily if you die - 
or yourself — if you live . 

Now is the time tomakesuch 
provision.To-morrow maybe foolafe. 



Vacancies for men of character to act as representees. 

Apply to GAGE E.TARBELL, 21° Vice President. 



For fuP information fllj out this coupon, or write 

THE EQUITABLE LIFE ASSURANCE SOCIETY of the United states 

120 Broadway, New York Dept No. 16 

Please send me information regarding an Endowment for $ 

if issued at years of age. 

Name 

Address 




8o 



RECREATION. 



AMATEUR PHOTOGRAPHY. 

"For sport the lens is better than the gun." 
/ wish to make this department of the utmost 
use to amateurs. I shall, therefore, be glad to 
nutwf amy questions and to print any items sent 
me by pre ttateurs relating to their experi- 

ence in photography. 



SOME TIPS ON REDUCTION. 
In October Recreation A. V. Wood- 
cock asks for a formula for reducing over 
developed negatives, and is told to soak 

them in a 10 per cent solution of red prus- 
siate of potash, and to examine the nega- 
tive every lew minutes to note the process 
of reduction. I trust that Mr. Woodcock 
is blessed with more than the usual amount 
of patience, else his task must prove weari- 
some. 1 can well imagine the beginner at- 
tempting to make use of this information, 
and 1 can foretell the result he will ob- 
tain, or rather will not obtain; for red 
prussiate of potash in solution, used alone. 
has no more effect as a reducer than so 
much water. Its only visible effect on the 
plate is to stain the film a deep yellow. 
The various reducing solutions common- 
ly in use may be divided into 3 classes, 
according to the manner in which they 
work. One clas-s acts evenly all over the 
negative, removing density equally from the 
thick and the* thin portions. The second 
class works unevenly, cutting deepest into 
the thin parts of the film and leaving the 
denser portions comparatively untouched, 
that the result is to produce greater 
contrast in the negative. The third class 
produces exactly the opposite effect, thin- 
ning down the high lights and reducing the 
contrast. By keeping the idea of these 3 
different classes in mind and using a so- 
lution of the proper sort when occasion 
arises, great improvement can be made in 
work. 

Take, for illustration, a plate which has 
had the proper exposure. It came up nice- 
ly in the developer, but the latter may have 
been Stronger than needed, or through 
lack of experience, development may have 
been carried too far. The whole plate 
looks thick and heavy and many of the 
finer details are buried under the dense de- 
posit of silver. In order to make a print 
from this, a long exposure to light is re- 
quired, and as a means <>f improvement it 
should be rcrlvccd. Although the relative 
values of the different densities have been 
somewhat altered from the normal by over 
development, the most satisfactory results 
will probably be obtained by simply remov- 
ing an equal amount from the whole sur- 
face of the plate. To accomplish this, use 
a reducer of the first cla^s, one which will 
PCt equally on both lights and shadows. 
For this I recommend the following, known 
as Bartlett's reducer: 



Dissolve 15 grains perchloride of iron 
and 30 grains of citric acid in 16 ounces 
of water. Soak ihe plate in this a few 
minutes, rinse well and immerse in a clean 
hypo bath of the usual strength for fixing 
plates. Then wash well. 

This reducer works well and evenly, the 
only objection to its use being that the re- 
duction is visible only after the plate has 
been placed in the hypo bath, and on this 
account it is somewhat difficult to tell just 
how much the density of the plate has been 
changed. A few trials with waste plates 
will give one an idea of how long to soak 
the negative in the iron solution. 

An over exposed plate needs a different 
treatment. I get the best results by de- 
veloping it until it is dense and then re- 
ducing it, using a reducer of the second 
class, which will give an incrc;i^e of con- 
tract. In such cases I generally use the 
red prussiate of potash and hypo solution, 
commonly called Farmer's solution. To 
prepare this, dissolve 20 grains of red 
piuSsiate of potash (potassium ferricyan- 
ide) in one ounce of water. Dissolve sep- 
arately */> ounce of hypo in 4 ounces of 
water. Add enough of the potash solu- 
tion to the hypo to color the latter solution 
a pale yellow, and immerse the plate in 
this, having previously given it a thorough 
soaking. Rock the tray and watch the 
negative closely. If the action of the so- 
lution is slow, add a few drops more of 
the potash. After the solution has acted 
sufficiently wash the negative thoroughly. 
Reduction with this solution should be 
carried on in weak light and the potash so- 
lution should be freshly mixed, as it un- 
dergoes a chemical change when exposed 
to light. This reducer sometimes works 
unevenly, reducing the plate in spots, and 
may also stain the film yellow if allowed 
to act too long: but by giving the plate a 
preliminary soaking and using a freshly 
mixed solution such trouble may be 
avoided. 

Last comes the negative with too much 
contrast: the under exposed, over devel- 
oped snapshot, the interior view or what 
not. For these it is best to use a solution 
of ammonium persulphate, freshly mixed, 
of a strength of, say, 15 grains to the 
ounce of water. Soak the negative well 
and apply the persulphate solution. A 
peculiarity in the action of this reducer is 
that it seems to work slowly at first, but 
gradually gathers headway and acts faster 
and faster; so the plate should be carefully 
watched, lest the reduction go too far. When 
reduction is sufficient it may be stopped by 
immersing the plate, after rinsing it, in a 
Solution of sodium sulphite, say about 15 
grains to each ounce of water. The sul- 
phite solution checks the action of the re- 
ducer at once. After a few minutes' im- 
mersion the plate should be well rinsed 



AMATEUR PHOTOGRAPHY. 



Si 



again, placed in an ordinary fixing bath a 
few moments and then well washed. 

By the intelligent use of these methods 
an amateur may vastly improve the quality 
of his work ; but I emphasize the fact that 
a correctly exposed and developed negative 
is always to be preferred to one which has 
been doctored. 

C. M. Whitney. Bayonne, N. J. 



CARD TRIES TO BE FUNNY. 
I enclose a photo taken by Miss Pearl 
Cochran, at a distance of 150 feet. Miss 
Cochran lives at Wabana Lake, in Itaska 
County, Minn., 14 miles North of Grand 
Rayids. She and her father and some 
guests were on the lake in a launch when 
on turning a point of land they came in 
sight of these 2 moose, eating on a bog, 
and caught them just as they looked up. 
H. S. Huson, Grand Rapids, Minn. 

The photo you send is truly a remarkable 
picture. If it had been under the circum- 
stances you describe, it would have proved 
of interest to all sportsmen and natural- 
ists ; but there is the rub. Please under- 
stand I am not questioning your statement 
in the least, nor any statement made by the 
young lady who took the picture; but it is 
possible that someone may be playing a 
joke on you, or on me. The photo looks 
as if it might have been made from a 
painting ; but it may have been from life, 
as you say. If so, the young lady must 
have been at least 125 feet out in reckon- 
ing the distance; for at 150 feet from the 
camera the bull moose could not have 
been more than one inch high on the plate. 
I recently photographed my saddle horse 
at a distance of 12 feet, on a plate the same 
size as the one on which this moose picture 
was made, and he stands 4^ inches high 
on the plate. The moose would be prob- 
ably 3 feet taller than the horse, meas- 
uring from the hoofs to the point of his 
horns, and he stands S l A inches on the 
plate; so if this picture is from life he 
could not have been more than 15 feet to 
20 feet from the camera. 

If this picture was made from a paint- 
ing, as I am inclined to believe, then the 
man who made the painting is a master 
artist and I should like to know who he is. 
It looks like the work of Landseer, or Seton, 
or Rungius. Now, my dear sir, I trust 
you will accept these questions in the 
kindly spirit in which they are put to you. 
There are many people who think it fun 
to get a joke on an editor, and many an 
editor has been caught in such traps. Will 
you kindly enlighten me further? 

T beg pardon for having sent the photo- 
graph of the moose, or for having had 
anything to do with it. First, I am inno- 
cent of trying to practice any deception in 



the matter. The story as reported to me 
I wrote you, thinking it would be of in- 
terest to the readers of Recreation.. That, 
only, was my motive. I believed the story 
true, and the picture as true to nature. 

On receipt of your letter, thinking I had 
made a blunder, I immediately drove out to 
Cochran's place and presented your letter 
to Miss Pearl Cochran. She was surprised 
that I did not know the origin of the pic- 
ture. She informed me that it was taken 
from a label which came on a package of 
goods. The young lady is in no way to 
blame for the circulation of this story. It 
rests entirely with one John H. Card, of 
this place, who was stopping there as a 
guest, and who thought it funny to deceive 
me in this matter. 

This man Card has in the past borne a 
bad reputation as to killing game out of 
season. I issued a warrant some time ago 
for his arrest, but the deputy sheriff, one 
Sawyer, who, by the way, has been dis- 
continued as deputy sheriff, failed to do 
His duty, so Card escaped punishment. 1 le 
has in the past killed both moose and deer 
for lumber camps. 

H. S. Huson, Probate Judge, 

Grand Rapids, Minn. 

Since the foregoing was put in type T 
have learned that the drawing which Miss 
Cochran photographed was made by Carl 
Rungius. — Editor. 



PLATE SOAKING. 

A correspondent writes in Recreation in 
regard to pin holes and dust. I emphasize 
what he said about using only the best 
brands of plates, but be sure to find out 
which really are the best, choosing brands 
used by professional photographers of good 
standing. 
•After dusting the plate, which must be 
done carefully, dust the plate holder as 
well. When cleaning my camera the other 
day I was surprised to see the quantity of 
dust and dirt that had collected within a 
short time in the inside folds of the bellows. 
The movement of focusing sets all this dust 
in motion, to settle on the plate during ex- 
posure. 

It is not always advisable to soak the 
plates in water before developing; some 
brands of phtes may stand it. but others, 
will not. The action of the developer is 
quite different if the plate is first soaked 
in water. The developer does not get down 
into the film in the same way as when 
poured over a dry plate. The water held in 
the film dilutes the developer and renders 
its action slower and les^ vigorous. [ do 
not know of any plate makers who advise 
preliminary soaking. 

The many inquiries for formula? of devel- 
opers of all kinds seen in the photographic 



82 



RECREATION. 



magazines indicate that many amateurs are 
hunting for the best developer. All the 
plate makers publish directions for hand- 
ling their plates, in which are various form- 

for developers, any one of which you 
may be sure is the best in its class for that 
particular brand of plate. If it were not 
the best it would not be advised. 1" 
the I alts with plates, papers or any 

photographic supplies, follow strictly the 

:ions given bv the manufacturers. 
R. L. Wad'hams, Wilkesbarre, Pa. 



HOW TO rilOTOGRAril A YACHT. 

The best position for the camera in re- 
lation to the yacht must be left to the 
judgment of the operator. A broadside 
view, or direct bow or stern, will not, as a 
rule, make a pleasing picture. What might 
be termed a three-quarter view will make 
the most pictorial photograph. Under or- 
dinary circumstances, especially ill bright 
weather, the white sails are rendered in al- 
most the same tone gradation as the clouds. 
It is well, if possible, to secure some con- 
trast, in order that the sail shall stand out 
against the sky in the print. The greatest 
contrasts will be obtained by having the sun 
ai the back of the sails or in front of them. 
The position the boat occupies in the print 
is important. Unless at anchor, the boat 
should not occupy the center, and on no ac- 
count should the position cause the cutting 
of the bowsprit, mizzen, or any part of the 
boat. The whole of the sails, rigging, spars, 
etc., should be included in the composition. 
This requires much care; but no picture 
of a yacht is worth taking unless it is com- 
plete. 

A quick exposure will give a hard, un- 
natural, and lifeless appearance; a slower 
exposure will give the effect of motion and 
energy. The spray breaking over the bows 
will give life and action to the picture. — 
Exchange. 



SNAP SHOTS. 
I have been tiding all kinds of printing 
out paper. When I tone and wash my 
prints I put them on a ferrotype, and they 
always stick to it. How can sticking be 
prevented? What solution is best for So- 
lio paper? 

Edward Krivanek, Chicago, 111. 

ANSWER. 

The difficulty you have experienced with 
prints sticking to the ferrotype plate may 
be due to the plates having become gummy. 
Wash plates thoroughly 3 or 4 times in 
boiling water, and apply paraffin solution, 
formula for which may be found in the 
Solio direction sheet. The trouble might 
ako be due to using too much pressure 
when squeegeeing prints into contact. If 
toning by separate toning bath add V2 



ounce of Eastman Solio Hardener to each 
gallon of fixing bath. This would likely 
overcome the trouble encountered. — Editor. 

In a recent issue of Recreation I asked 
all such of my readers as are amateur pho- 
tographers and who do their own develop- 
ed printing, to write me postal cards, 
stating that fact. Some hundreds of my 
good friends have taken the trouble to 
write letters in which they have answered 
that question, and in most cases they have 
also discussed other subjects. These let- 
ters do not, therefore, answer the purpose, 
and I must again request all my photo- 
graphic readers who do their own chemical 
work to write me postal cards. I want 
these for a specific purpose and nothing else 
will answer. 

Can you give me a good formula for a 
negative varnish ? 

W. T. Lovell, Kaw, Wyo. 

ANSWER. 

A good retouching varnish is made as fol- 
lows : 

Shellac 0.035 ounce 

Sandarac 0.21 ounce 

Mastic 0.21 ounce 

Ether 2.7 fluid drams 

2.7 fluid drams of pure benzole are added to 
the mixture after the resins have dissolved 
in the ether. — Editor. 



I am a lover of the camera and through 
Recreation have learned to be a good 
photographer. I have a trunk full of your 
magazines, and whenever I wish to find 
out any thing pertaining to photo work I 
know where to look for it. I have had 
many cameras. My favorite is the long 
focus Premo, 5x7. With it I do every kind 
of work and always get what I go after. 
I have never tried enlarging. Can it be 
done with my Premo? If so, how? Where 
can large sheets of developing paper be 
had for this work? 

W. Klinefelt, Ashland, Wis. 



The photograph printed on the front 
cover and again on page 339 of November 
Recreation was made by Norman Pome- 
roy, of Lockoort, New York. Unfortunate- 
ly his name was not written on the back of 
the picture when he sent it to me, and 
accordingly when I came to publish it I had 
forgotten who made it. Friends who favor 
me with prints should invariably write their 
names and addresses on backs thereof, so 
that there may be no question as to giving 
proper credit. 

To mend celluloid articles, wet the ed^e 
with acetic acid and press the pieces to- 
gether for a short time. — Exchange. 



RECREATION. a 



Developing 
by Machine. 

In a little more than a year of actual use the Kodak Developing 
Machine has demonstrated two facts — that the dark-room is unnecessary for 
film development — that better results can be obtained by machine than by hand. 

The old theory that a negative can be successfully manipulated in 
development after the image has begun to appear has been exploded. If 
the exposure is over or under the range of the film or plate, no amount of 
"coddling" in the developer will save it. Its only hope lies in normal 
development to be followed after fixing by reduction or intensification. 

Owing to the wide latitude allowed in exposure by our films, perfect 
negatives result from development for a certain length of time in a fixed 
strength of developer if the exposure has been anywhere near correct. 
And to correctly expose is not so difficult as the beginner imagines, there 
being a latitude of fully five points. For instance, if the correct exposure 
for a given subject were three seconds, any exposure of from one to five 
seconds would give a perfect negative. Whether "snap-shot" or "time 
exposure" makes no difference to the machine, and it handles both kinds 
of exposure on the same strip of film with perfect results. 

Indeed, the superiority of machine developed negatives is so marked 
that a battery of Kodak Developing Machines operated by a water-motor, 
now does our work and does it better than could even the skilled and careful 
operators whom we have always employed. If the machine can give better 
average results than can be obtained by men who have done nothing for 
years except develop negatives, the amateur can certainly draw but one 
conclusion : that he must use it — not endeavor to compete with it. 

Development of an entire roll takes but four or five minutes. 
The developer is then poured off; the film is rinsed; taken out in daylight 
and fixed in a tray or any convenient dish. A year's experience has 
brought to light the above very convenient method of fixing, cutting in 
half the time formerly required for operating the machine. 

Just mix powders with water. That's your chemistry by the Kodak system. No 
weighing, no fussing, and every step by daylight. It's simple and economical, but most 
important of all it gives better pictures than the old way. 

Kodak Developing Machines, $2.00 to $10.00. 

EASTMAN KODAK CO. 

Catalogue of Kodaks and Kodak Developing Machines T> U «■ XT "V 

free at the dealers or by mail. J\OCneSterj IN , I . 



X 



RECREATIOW 



New Camera for Holidays 



no. 3 

Uleno 
Rawk=€ye 




POPULAR SIZE 

POPULAR PRICE 

EASY TO OPERATE 

EVER READY 

Makes picture 3^x4^. Sells for $8.00. Fitted with Automatic Shutter, Iris 
Diaphragm, Universal Focus Lens. It's EVER READY. Uses Perforated 
Davlight Loading Film, also Eastman Cartridge Film. 



tlo. 3 Ulcno fiawk=eye, $8.00 

Full description in Hawk-Eye Booklet. 



BLAIR CAMERA CO. 

Rochester, N. Y, 



OIL PORTRAITS ON APPROVAL. 

If you will send me a photo of your- 
self or a friend and state color of hair, 
3 and complexion I will paint and 
send you on approval a miniature oil 
or pastel portrait. 

Canvas 6x8 or 8xio inches, $1000 
Canvas 10x12 or 12x14 inches, $15.00 

Z. EMMONS, 53 West 104th St., New* York. 

Re!' Mr. < ',. ( ). Shields. 

LANTERN SLIDES COLORED 

SKILLFULLY AND ARTISTICALLY 

FOR 

Lecturers, Teachers and others 



I refer by per: I In 11 ol Recreation 



MRS. C. B. SMITH 

The Ansonia, 74th St., & Broadway, 
New York City. 



The manner in which you so thoroughly 
attend to business matters and look after 
the interests of your patrons is the surest 
sign that Recreation stands at the top of 
the periodicals of its class. 

J. II. Bailey, Pittsburg, Pa. 



Accept my sincere thanks for the Har- 
rington & Richardson hammcrless revolver 
which I received as a premium. I con- 
sider myself well paid for what little time 
I spent in getting the subscriptions. Rec- 
reation is the best magazine on earth for 
sportsmen. 

Win. Brown, Rochester, N. Y. 



T received the gun you sent me for getting 
subscribers and am much pleased with it. 
1 have also a Davenport gun. a premium 
for 9 subscriptions, which I value highly. 
Clarence Calvert, Lancaster, Wis. 



Inclosed please find $1 for Recreation 
for another year. It would be hard to get 
along without it. 

A. II. Pcckham, Omaha, Neb. 



Allow me to congratulate you on the 
July issue of RECREATION. It is great. That 
bear story is a peach. 

Don McGown, Des Moines, la. 



I never go to bed for want of something 
to read, for each time I pick up Recrea- 
tion I find something new. 

Fred L. Toft, So. Framingham, Mass. 



Lest you forget, in a fit of aberration, 
i say it again, please mention recrea- 
TION. 



RECREATION. 



XI 




GUNDUCH -MANHATTAN OPTICAL CO., 730 So. Clinton Ave., Rochester, N. Y. 



"THE KORONA * .he FILM PACK 



JJ 



is the title of an artistic 
little folder which tells how 

the KORONA can be 

converted into a 

Focusing Film Camera 

by the use of the 

FILM PACK ADAPTER 

Do you want it? Your name, please. 



Mention Recreation. 



Xll 



RECREATh 




A Press Button Hunting Knife 

Is one of the best articles a hunter ever carried 




It has a 4 Inch Blade made of the Best Silver Steel 

The knife cannot come open in your pocket. It cannot close on your hand when in use. It opens and closes 
only when 

YOU PRESS THE BUTTON 

If you once use one of these knives you will never use any other. You can get one as a premium for 

3 YEARLY SUBSCRIPTIONS TO RECREATION 

Sample Copies furnished on request. 



RECREATION. 



xiu 



OLD CLAM LOU. 

FRANK FARNER. 

She was out on the beach, on the glistening 
sands, 

A dirty old crone, digging clams with her 
hands. 

This was not at all strange, for the chief of 
her diet 

Was clams ; she must get them, or, any- 
way, try it. 

As I sat down and watched her, the thought 
came to me, 

"Of what earthly use can such poor crea- 
tures be? 

They are not as good scavengers even as 
crows, 

And what they are good for, the Lord only 
knows. 

"Perhaps she was sent that I plainly might 

see 
And appreciate more what's expected of 

me." 
Then I quickly decided that if such is the 

case, 
She's a perfect success, and in the right 

place. 

As she came to the shore I was seized with 

a hope 
Of a chance to disprove that a Siwash hates 

soap. 
With that object in view, I selected a 

cake 
With a gaudy red wrapper, but of very 

poor make. 

I stepped down to meet her, the soap in my 

hand, 
She stolidly took it, sat down on the sand, 
Tore off the red wrapper, took out what 

was in it, 
And ate the whole piece in less than a 

minute. 

Does a Siwash hate soap? Perhaps some 

of them do, 
But that's not the case with this Old 

Clam Lou. 



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to keep. The price, 25 cents, is only a fraction of the 
cost of the portfolio which contains also Ten Articles 
by famous Photographers on Ten Phases of Photog- 
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We simply want to give every one an opportunity to 
see the excellent work which is being done by the 
foremost photographers of the world with our Photo- 
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Alfred SUg.itz' Grand Prize Picture 

"5 th Avenue in Winter " 

Is alone worth the price of the portfolio. 

Send 25c. stamps or coin to Department V 

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ROCHESTER, N. Y. 



Free: — I will give anybody sending me 
I subscription or renewal, any one of the 
articles named below: 

Ideal Shell Closer, 10-12-16 gauge, sells 
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Ideal Shell Loader, 10-12-16 gauge, 
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IN ANSWERING ADS 
MENTION RECREATION. 



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XIV 



RECREATU 



THE MEDICINE ARROW. 

W. T. JO* 

About a year ago I visited, with Dr. R K. 

and Mr. Charles New ell. of this 
place, an old Indian village at the month 
of Rock c i the Columbia river, 

where there are yet a tew lodges of the 
once great Klickitat tnhe. 

Our purpo- to gather relics, arrow- 

heads spearh< ne pipes, mortars, 

.■lid other implements for the doc- 
tor's collection. We reached the villas 
10 a. m. and found the Indians engaged in 
ving the remains of their dead an- 
from the cairns of rock on the 
mountainside, where they had rested for 
rations, to a little cemetery on a slope 
overlooking the broad Columbia. 

The usual row raised by the dogs drew 
their attention and they greeted ns cor- 
dially, for Mr. New ell. who has employed 
many of them on the range, was long since 
made a Tyee. or chief, and is often called 
on t as judge. His decisions are final 

and always respected: though from some of 
his ruling, as he recounted them to us, I 
should most certainly have appealed. Some 
of the Indians were digging the new graves, 
6 or 8 feet long and 2 l /> to 3 feet wide, 
and nothing to go in them hut pitiful little 
bundles of hones, mummified flesh and dust 
done up in rawhide. 

What Tyee Charlie says is law and gos- 
pel with the Klickitats. and after watching 
them a few minutes digging the tough 
gravel soil in the hot sun, he stopped them 
and said in Chinook, 

"This way is good and all right for Bos- 
ton men (Yankees) and King George men 
(English). They travel like the g 
ducks and cranes, all over the world. They 
die and one is buried here or there ; but 
they are travelers, and when they come 
^ah-a-le ty-ee ill-a-hee (heaven) they 
find each other easily. Klickatat Siwash 
are n<>t 50; they are born together, live to* 
gether. fish, hunt, fight and die together, 
and should be buried together. Then when 
they come to heaven, Sah-a-lee tyee Jesus 
will say, 'Kla-how-ye Klickatat till-a-cums 
(How are you, my Klickatat people), and 
will giv- a good wide range, where 

there is plenty of bunch grass and deep 
streams, and where salmon will run the 
round." 

Without a question they selected one of 
the largest graves and widening it into a 
long trench. placing the bundles 

in side by side. In moving one of the bun- 
some of the small bones dropped out 
and with them a stone arrowhead of perfect 
shape and peculiar material. I helped re- 
place the bones, which I was told were 
those of Kam-ia-kan, a chief and an old 
time friend of Wa-ki-gas, one of the oldest 
men of the tribe, who was standing near 
I went to Wa-ki-gas and showing him the 
arrowhead ask(d if it had been buried for 
Kam-i-kan to use in heaven. He shook 
his head and said : 

"Years ago, when I was a young man, 



Kam-ia-kan. who was much older and a 
chief, led a band of young warriors to steal 
ponies from the Xe/ Perces. up on the Walla 
Walla. While hiding in the willows wait- 
ing to run off the pony band, a young Ne/ 
Perce squaw came to the river to comb her 
hair, using the placid surface of the water 
as a mirror. Before she was half done 
Kam-ia-kan decided that he needed another 
wife. He located the lodge where the 
squaw lived, and when his braves stampeded 
the pony herd that night, he rode to the 
door of the lodge, caught up the woman and 
>\\ung her on his horse. Then he tied with 
her toward the mountains, but making a 
wide detour came back to the river, where 
he had hidden another pony in the willows. 
He had little fear of being pursued, for 
the Xe/. Perces were following the pony 
herd, which was being run off by his band. 

"He stopped long enough to tie his cap- 
tive on the led horse and to pull out the 
shaft of an arrow which had struck him 
in the short ribs as he turned from the 
lodge with his struggling captive. It was a 
medicine arrow, and using the painted and 
decorated shaft to urge on his horse he 
pushed down to the Columbia, which at 
that point is wide, but not rapid. He 
was feeling faint from loss of blood, but 
after untying the hands and feet of the 
squaw he forced his horses into the stream, 
and they swam for the other bank. The 
water, however, softened the blood-clot in 
his wound, and as they landed he fell faint- 
ing from his horse. His captive was a red 
skinned savage, but she was a woman ; and 
like all her sisters, no matter of what 
color, she loved boldness in a wooer. Kam- 
ia-kan's scalp, which her people had many 
times risked their lives trying to get, 
his bow, quiver, ornaments and ponies 
would have made her the envied of the 
Nez Perce nation ; but she was a woman. 
She bound up his wound and bathed his 
temples until he partly revived. Then help- 
ing him on his pony, she climbed up behind 
and sustained him until they reached his 
village on Rock creek. 

"He is a brave warrior and I am a chief's 
daughter and proud of him,'' was all she 
said as she stood there a stranger among a 
strange people. "Yes," continued Wa-hi- 
gas, "this was the arrow that wounded him. 
It would not have hit him if he had made 
medicine for wife stealing, but he had made 
medicine only for horse stealing, and it was 
a narrow escape." 

Now Wa-hi-gas, like Kimiakan and his 
captive bride, has gone to meet Sahale 
Tyee Jesus, who I sincerely trust has 
judged them mercifully and given them 
the range Tyee Charlie promised them. 



"The window was open, 

The curtain was drawn 
A microbe flew in, 

And our darling is gone." 

— Chicago Record-Herald. 



IN ANSWERING ADS 
MENTION RECREATION. 



PLEASE 



RECREATION. 



xv 




THERE are 40,000 members of the Commercial Travellers 
Accident Association, and each member carries an identifi- 
cation card, in case cf injury". 

On two pages of this card are printed " Medical and Surgical 
Helps " by Dr. Terry, Surgeon-in-Chief <*f the Association. 

Paragraph 4 says— " FOR VERTIGO OR DIZZINESS — 
Please remember that Coffee often produces it ; therefore when you 
have congestion of the head, skin is yellow, or you feel heavy about 
the heart — stop using Coffee." 

Insurance Companies now refuse policies for " Coffee-heart " 
just as they do for Consumption, Apoplexy or Morphine habit. 

Because, with most people, Coffee weakens the heart, inflames 
the Spinal Cord/ and arrests the digestion of food, by partially" 
petrifying it in the stomach as alcohol would in a specimen jar. 

" Postum " while correcting " Coffee-heart," builds up Brain 

and Nerve tissue. 

Because, — Postum is made from the outer coats of Wheat, 
which are rich in Phosphate of Potash, the readiest Brain and 

Nerve food that Nature has provided. 

These outer coats, (being sifted from Flour in the milling,) 
cannot in daily Bread, make good the ravages of Coffee. 

But when Postum is boiled for 15 minutes the Phosphates are 
extracted from the wheat fibres, just as soup is extracted from bone 
and meat, ready for prompt assimilation and Nerve support. 

It is easy to switch from Coffee, because " Postum " has the 
delicious flavor, and rich aroma °f fine old Government Java. 

A ten days trial shows wonderful results and costs little- 

Postum 



XVI 



RECREATION. 



A DAY IX KINNEY COUNTY, TEXAS 

1 am a teacher by profession, but spend 
much time camping in the woods. In this 
climate camping a at all times delightful, 
even in midwinter. The air is clear and 
bracing and the temperature moderate. 

I long ago 1 went on a short trip to 

Blue Water hole. My outfit consisted of a 

o and 1 bedding and provisions 

rip. My companion was a 

boy, Aleck Wickham, about 14 years old. 

We left at 3.30 p. in. ami arrived at Blue 
Water at S p. in., after a drive oi 22 miles. 
We -truck camp on the banks of the hole, 
which is about 20 yards wide and 250 yards 
long, fringed with pecan and sycamore 
Having eaten supper and fed our 
we walked up the dry bed of the 
stream to try to find turkeys on their roost. 
The moon was shining bright and the 
trees were bare of foliage. We had not 
proceeded over 300 yards when a sudden 
'put, put," was heard 60 yards ahead, and 
out flew about 15 gobblers. I saw one still 
sitting in the tree; I fired and the turkey 
fell. We returned to camp and picked our 
gobbler. 

I was out again by daybreak, among the 
trees toward which the turkeys had flown 
the night before. I could not see nor hear 
anything of them for a long time. At 
last I saw, in a small live oak, what ap- 
peared a board lodged in the tree, but 
which had the general outlines of a turkey. 
I decided to hold my gun in readiness to 
shoot if the least motion was discernible. 
I stood motionless until what appeared to 
be the tail moved the least bit. In less 
than a second I had fired, and out fell an- 
other large turkey. 

Returning to camp I found Aleck had 
been fishing and had caught a few small 
perch and catfish. When the sun was 
about 2 hours high, I decided to try my 
luck at fishing. I put a trolling spoon 
on a small linen line and using an 18-foot 
cane rod, I made some spins across the 
water and found the silver trout* rising 
beautifully. The place was difficult to troll 
in on account of overhanging trees, but I 
kept Aleck busy stringing trout. I caught 
as many as he could well carry, one of the 
number being a 5 r {> pounder. Others pulled 
the scales at 3 and 4 pounds. 

ring Aleck to stake this string near 
camp I walked ahead to a small lake 400 
yards lower, taking along my shot gun 
d with buck shot. As I readied 
the edge of the woods opening on the lake 
a yearling deer jumped from the edge of 
the water where he had been drinking. 
Before I had time to think, my gun was at 
my shoulder and the deer was dead. It 
fell within 15 feet of where I first saw it. 

1 made a few spins in the lower lake and 
landed more trout, making 16 in all. Car- 
rying my fish and deer to camp, we put 
them in the buggy and started for home at 

2 p. m., arriving in time to supply several 
families with fish for supper. 

A H. Horn. Brackettville, Texas. 

♦Large mouth black bass. — Editor. 



AROUND DOTSERO. 

I came to this place primarily to find 
relief from asthma. In this 1 have been 
successful, and, being an ardent lover of 
nature, have done nothing but hunt, tish 
and ramble over the hills and through the 
canyons. 

The friend with whom I am staying says 
deer, elk and other game animals, are 
scarce now; but 1 think we can account 
for his opinion from the fact that he came 
to this section 15 or 18 years ago, when 
deer roamed at will over the river bot- 
toms and elk could be seen in bands of 
400 or 500. To my mind conditions are, 
at present, more favorable for genuine 
sport than they would be were deer and 
elk as plentiful as formerly, for in that 
case no skill at all would be required to 
secure them. 

For elk one must now go 20 or 25 miles 
from Dotsero, though deer can be had 
within a mile of the village. Only a few 
days since 6 or 8 passed along a hill not 
half a mile distant, and in full view of the 
place. There are mountain sheep within 
5 or 6 miles, but these the law protects at 
all times. Lions are scarce in the imme- 
diate vicinity. Have seen but few tracks 
this winter, one being exceptionally large. 
Two lions were taken near Gypsum, 7 
miles above, some weeks ago. 

Bear, like elk, are -some distance away, 
though tracks were seen this fall on Onion 
ridge, 4 or 5 miles from here. About Deep 
lake are several bear, and one in particular 
has attracted attention. Men who have 
seen his tracks say they are the larg- 
est they have ever run across ; indeed, 
bruin himself has been seen by several 
persons, who say the tracks are not decep- 
tive. 

Of smaller animals, wildcats and coy- 
otes are numerous ; beaver and otter scarce. 
Ducks, mostly mallards, are plentiful on 
Grand river, and a few geese were here 
a while. Grouse are abundant about Sweet- 
water lake, Coffee Pot and other places. 

Trout abound in all the streams and 
lakes. 

Colorado has strict game laws, but they 
are broken frequently, as are those of other 
States. 

To one desiring recreation and sport, 
this part of the State offers special in- 
ducements. Here is Glenwood Springs, 
the Baden of America, one of the most 
noted watering places of the West. Of 
lakes there are many. Deep, Sweetwater, 
Marvine and Wappers are all typical 
mountain lakes, with clear, cold water, 
well stocked with trout, and comparatively 
easy of access. Then, too, there are many 
mountain streams, also filled with trout. 
L. D. Gilmore, Dotsero, Colo. 



'Tin glad to see that you respect your 
parents, Elmer," said the minister. 

"I've got to. Either one of them could 
lick me with one hand." — Chicago News. 



RECREATION. 



xvn 





The Neiv Cracker— 

The highest achievement in food production in a century. 

Trisctlit — the successful result of years of experiment to make a 
cracker both light and short out of whole wheat with nothing taken 
from and nothing added to Nature's perfect whole wheat berry. 

Trisctlit are baked by electricity in the largest, best and cleanest 
Food Conservatory in the world. 

Trisctlit have the quality to exercise your teeth and the properties 
to build your teeth, and, being the perfect whole, to build the whole body. 

Trisctlit are used as Crackers, Bread, Toast, Wafers and with 
Soups, Preserves, Fruits, etc. 

Heat before serving. 

Jfsk your grocer for Trisctlit. Send for sample. 

The Natural Food Company, Niagara Falls, N. Y. 



RECREATION. 




We illustrate our <<T 4 Less than 
Elsewhere" policy by pricing these ex- 
tra fine specimens of genuine American 
Cut (i e illustration) as follows:— 

lery Trays, full size as shown above, 
$3.00. Fruit, salad or berry bowl S3.0C 

For thousands of other offerings 
equally attractive see Catalogue No. 14 
"U" with delicate tinted pictures of 
choicest china free to all interested in 
purchasing. 

WEST 21ST AND WEST 22D STREETS. 
NEW YORK. 




1 



WfUCHCUT 
GlASS. 




Burnt Work — Something Great. To 
persons sending subscriptions to Recrea- 
tion through me, or sending them direct 
to the office to my credit, I will send the 
following prizes : 

For 1 yearly subscription to Recreation 
I will give a neat barrel match safe mount- 
ed on an oval 1 h burned and deco- 
rated, equal in value to 75 cents. 

For 2 yearly subscriptions to Recreation 
1 will give a 6 inch round picture frame 
burned and decorated with beautiful old 
fashioned poppies tinted with water colors. 
These would cost you $1.25 at the least. 

For 5 yearly subscriptions to Recreation 

I will give either a round stool 14 inches 

with round upholstered top or a square 

stool same height with square upholstered 

These would probably cost you $7 or 

nished as I finish them with designs 

:ied in the wood and leather. 

\. King, Pleasant Prairie, Wis. 

Long live Recreation ! What a pity it 
was not started 100 y 0, and what 

an abundance of game we could now find 
if it :i. I send you 5 more subscrip- 

tions, witli cash. 

K. M. Vardon, Toronto, Can. 

My splendid premium, the hammo- 
Ithaca, is not only a beautiful gun, but a 
close, hard shooter. I thank you for your 
generosity and fair dealing. 

A. J. Johnston, Wilkinsburg, Pa. 



Do you think that constantly wearing a 
hat has a tendency to make a man bald? 

No ; but when a man is bald I've noticed 
that it has a tendency to make him con- 
stantly wear a hat. — Scissors. 

I received the Al Vista camera you had 
sent me from the factory. Please accept 
my thanks. I have tried it, with remark- 
ably good results. 

P. B. Bacheller. W. Mt. Vernon, Me. 



I don't know of any other sportsmen's 
publication that I consider worth as much 
praise as Recreation. You come nearest 
of all in giving game hogs the right title. 
Robert Elliott, Marlow, Can. 



I have been a reader of Recreation 
about 2 years. It is the best all around 
magazine 1 have ever read. 1 would not 
be without it. 

W. D. Johnston, Marlboro, Mass. 



I received the Marble pocket axe. and to 
sny I am pleased with it is expressing it 
mildly. It is a beauty. 

Karl Lcnszler, Elyria, Ohio. 



Rf/keation has the right ring and should 
be read by everyone who loves nature. 
Wm. S. Brackett, Peoria, 111. 

IX ANSWERING ADS PLEASE 
MENTION RECREATION. 



RECREATION. 



DIAMOND* 




£$ 

>$,*■ 






ON CREDIT 



CI 




Turn Over A New Leaf. 

TX7E HAVE A PAGE FOR YOU in our ledger, where we invite you to open a Confidential 
' * Charge Account for a Diamond. See how easy it is to do it under the LOFTIS SI STEM: 

You simply make a selection of a Diamond, Watch or other article from the finest line 
of goods ever illustrated in a catalogue. Your selection will at once be sent to you for 
examination — if it is all that you anticipated and satisfactory in quality, pattern and 
price, you pay one-fifth and keep it, sending the balance to us in eight equal monthly 
payments. If after seeing the article you should decide not to buy, you have only to 
send it back to us at our expense. In any case you will be nothing out, for we pay all 
charges and assume all risk. Our Diamonds are of specially selected, fine quality and 
at our prices, and on our easy terms, we secure a customer nineteen times out of twenty when we 
show goods. We do the largest Diamond and Watch business in the world — that explains 
everything. No competitor can meet us in prices, qualities, terms or liberal, progressive methods. 
Our house is just entering its fifty-sixth year in the Diamond and Jewelry business, during 
which time it has grown from a small shop, to the largest Diamond and Watch house in the 
world. We give a written guarantee with every Diamond — ask your local banker if it is good. 
He will turn to his book of Commercial Ratings and tell you that we stand very high in the 
business world, and that anything we say or sign is good as gold, and that our representations may be accepted without 
question. In exchange of Diamonds; refund of monies paid, and all other features of a broad-guage, liberal policy our house 
stands alone. There is one offer we have made for more than two years, and which has been accepted by thousands of custom- 
ers, but no competitor has followed us in making it, for the reason that their smaller volume of business would not permit them 
to do business on a ten per cent margin. Here is the offer: Pay cash for any Diamond and we will give you a written agree- 
ment to refund all that you pay — less ten percent, at any time within one year. You might under this offer pay $50 for a 
Diamond; wear it a year then send it back to us and get $45, making the cost of wearing a fine Diamond a whole year, less than 
ten cents per week. ACharge Account with us is a confidential matter. There are no vexatious delays or disagreeable prelim- 
inaries — everything is prompt, pleasant and guaranteed to be satisfactory. Write today for our beautiful new catalog. 

LOFTIS BROS. (SI COMPANY 

Diamonds ■ Watches Dept. A-82, Q2 to ' J8 State St., 

Jewelry CHICAGO, II, I*. 



We have in this section black bears, deer, 
turkeys, squirrels and quails, also geese and 
ducks in winter. When I can find a hammer 
fitted for all purposes from driving a nail to 
cutting a steel rail or welding driving rods, 
I shall then hope to find a gun suitable for 
all our native game. My armament con- 
sists of a 22, a .303 Savage and a 38-40, 
while my shot gun is a 16 gauge 
pump. The latter I expected to lay aside 
when a 20 gauge is put on the market. 
The cost of this outfit need not exceed $70 
unless one is able to spend more for extra 
finish. I have a practical outfit with 
which to enjoy the sport of hunting. If 
I hunted for market I should use nothing 
but a 10 gauge double barrel gun, but all 
the game I kill in 5 years would not make 
me a game hog. I advise those who want 
to be posted on guns and ammunition 
to obtain the Savage and Remington 
catalogues and the Ideal hand book, and 
mix reading matter with horse sense. Steer 
clear of hoggishness, with Recreation for 
your guide, and you will have a good time 
and a peaceful mind. Long may you live, 
dear editor, to carry on your noble work. 
W. H. P., Greenville, Miss. 



Ella — Where does Bella get her good 
looks from, her father or her mother? 

Stella — From her father ; he keeps a drug 
store. — The Pathfinder. 



WANT A REEL? 

You can get one for nothing. 

Oi* at least for a few nours' work. 

Send me 

15 Yearly Subscriptions 

RECREATION 

and I will send you 

A TALBOT REEL 

Listed at $20 

Hade by W. H. Talbot, Nevada, flo 

This is one of the finest pieces of fishing 
tackle ever made. It is built like a gold 
watch. Equal to any Kentucky reel you 
ever saw. 

In Torrnaments, Alwaya a Victor 
Among: the Angler's Treasures, Always the Chief 

I have but a few of these reels in stock 
and this offer will be withdrawn as soon as 
the present supply is exhausted. 

Sample copies of Recr ration for use in canvassing 
furnished on application. 



XX 



RECREATION. 




Varicocele 
Hydrocele 



H. J. TILLOTSON, M. D. 



Cured to Stay Cured in 5 Days* 
No Gutting or Paiito Guaranteed 
Cure or Money Refunded. 

mrM 0f/>/l/fc JTf C Under my treatment this insidi- 
w/*r%t%M'J%^t^LmLm ous disease rapidly disappears. 
Pain ceases almost instantly. The stagnant blood is driven 
from the dilated veins and all soreness and swelling sub- 
sides. Every indication of Varicocele vanishes and in its 
stead comes the pleasure of perfect health. Many ailments 
are reflex, originating from other diseases. For instance, 
innumerable blood and nervous diseases result from poison- 
ous taints in the system. Varicocele and Hydrocele, if neg- 
lected will undermine physical strength, depress the mental 
, . faculties, derange the nervous system, and ultimately pro- 

Tbe Master Specialist of Chicago, who Cures Varicocele, duce complicated results. In treating diseases of men I 
Hydrocele, and treats patients personally. always cure the effect as well as the cause. I desire that 

Established 1880. every person afflicted with these or allied diseases write me 

( Copyrighted ) so j can explain my method of cure, which is safe and per- 

manent. My consultation will cost you nothing, and my charges for a perfect cure will be reasonable and 
not more than you will be willing to pay for the benefits conferred. 

f*c%m*4e±aw%4Al nf f*lMI+t* is wn£ *t you want. I give a legal guaranty to cure or refund your money. 
wt*" t«f»#ltjr W %0mma ts \yh at I have done for others I can do for you. I can cure you at home 

#*.«»>»m«*«m**m«1mm*»*» AnH/ir/nH/i'o/ One personal visit at my office is preferred, but if 
UOrreSpOnuenCe UOnrtUenUaU it is impossible for you to call, write me your con- 
dition fully, and you will receive in plain envelope a scientific and honest opinion of your case, Free of 
charge. My home treatment Is successful. My books and lectures mailed free upon application. 

H. J. TILLOTSON, M.D.,140 Tillotson Bldg,84 Dearborn St., CHICAGO 



Taxidermy Free to Subscribers of Rec- 
reation. 

To any person sending me $i for I 
year's subscription to Recreation I will 
mount free of charge any bird up to and 
including the size of a robin, blue jay, 
etc. For 2 subscriptions I will mount 
birds the size of screech owl, quail, etc. 
For 3 subscriptions I will mount birds 
the size of ruffed grouse. For 4 sub- 
scriptions, red tail hawk, wood duck, etc. 
For 5 subscriptions, brant, fish hawk, 
etc. For 6 subscriptions, great horned 
owl, etc. For 7 subscriptions, great blue 
heron, etc. For 10 subscriptions, swan, 
pelican, eagle, wild turkey, etc. For 15 
subscriptions I will mount a deer head. 
Or any person sending me work to the 
amount of $10 or more I will give Rec- 
reation for one year. Prices given on 
application and all work guaranteed. 
The subscriber must pay express both 
ways. Here is a chance for sportsmen 
to decorate their dens with trophies 
free of cost. 

A. W. Perrior, 316 E. Kennedy St., Syra- 
cuse, N. Y. 



Edgar — You wear pink all the time; I 
should like to see you in a lace-like white 
frock. 

Ethel — How awfully — awfully sudden.— 
Detroit Free Press. 



DO YOU WISH TO IMPROVE YOUR 
SHOOTING? IF IT IS AS GOOD AS 
IT CAN BE, DO YOU WISH TO KEEP 
IT SO? IN EITHER CASE, THE J. C 
HAND TRAP WILL BRING WITHIN 
YOUR REACH THE FULL ADVAN- 
TAGE OF A SHOOTING RANGE. 
THESE TRAPS WILL SUCCESS- 
FULLY THROW ANY OF THE CLAY 
TARGETS NOW IN USE, GIVING A 
LIFE LIKE REPRESENTATION OF A 
BIRD IN FLIGHT. I WILL SEND 
YOU A J. C. HAND TRAP FOR 5 
YEARLY SUBSCRIPTIONS TO REC- 
REATION. SEND IN YOUR CLUB 
NOW, AND IMPROVE ON YOUR 
SHOOTING. 



RECREATION. 



xxi 



Keep Well and Happy with 

ORANGEINE 

(POWDERS) 

The Instant Help and Speedy Cure for "Grip," Colds, 
Neuralgia, Headache, Nervousness, Fatigue, Daily Ills. 

Quickly offsets Exposure, Chill, Climatic Changes, etc. 

UNIVERSAL EXPERIENCES. 




Hon. Wong Kai 
Kali, Imperial Chi- 
neseCommissioner at 
the St. Louis Exposi- 
tion, wrtics: "Orange- 
ine Ponders keep me 
always in condition to 
perform mental and 
physical effort; always 
effective ; easy to take ; 
produce no other than 
th$ effect desired." 



Dr. C. L. Lawrence, Oakland. Cal.. writes: 
"Have used $50 worth of Orangeine this year in 
over 100 different directions. I would not do with- 
out it. It's ever ready and accomplishes all that 
is claimed for it." 

Mr. II. M. Hoke, Harrisburg, Pa., private secre- 
tary to the attorney-general, says: "In my family 
the usefulness of Orangeine Powders multiplies 
right along." 

Mrs. Mena Kemp Ojj en, the talented authoress. 
Tipton, Ind.. says: "I am glad to attest Orange- 
ine's efficiency for my often Infirm! tie*, and its 
stimulating qualities when physically or mentally 
tired" 

Professor O. R. Super, Dickinson College, Car 
lisle, Pa., says: " 1 have not had a cold for more 
than a year— thanks to Orangeine Powders." 

"We use Orangeine Powders for everything and 
we think everything of it."— Rev. A. C. MeGlIton, 
Port Henry N. Y. 

Mr. J. W. Tllllnghnst, Grand Island, N. Y.: 
" Your powders have become indispensable in my 
family. 

Mr. W. H. Forbes, Harrisburg, Pa.: "I expect 
to use Orangeine all my life. It saves me many a 
bad hour.'' 



Dr. II. M. Asplnwall, London. F.ng.: 
"Please duplicate my lust Orangeine order 
I have given nearly all my powdi rs to my 
patients, and as I have already told too, 
neither I nor my family can r < asiblj do 
without it during the winter in this elimate." 

Mrs. A. II. Rogers, 6*2 State St.. Last 
Orange, N. J.: "I have tried Orangeic 
Hay Fever and Ilronchitl*. The effect is 
wonderful, affording speedy relief, and finally 
a cure. For Neuralgia, I have found nothing 
better. I am thankful to know Orangeine, 
for it is the only remedy I have found to 
relieve and cure Hay Fever and Neuralgia." 

Rev. J. Reynard Lawrence, Lamsboro. 
Mass.: "I count it a privilege to be able to call 
attention of people to Orangeine Powders." 

Mr. 1\ A. Daly, Vesper Boat Club. Fair- 
mount Park, Philadelphia, Pa.: "I am sub- 
ject to very severe headaches— those which 
nearly drive one to suicide. Last night I had 
another such attack. I gave your powders a 
trial, and really in five minute** I was like a 
new man. The pain left me entirely. I feel 
it my duty to let you know the good Orange- 
ine has done me." 



TRIAL PACKAGE FREE.— Orangeine is sold by druggists everywhere in 25c. 60c and $1 
packages. On receipt of request we will mail 10c trial package FREE with full directions, compo- 
sition and description of its wide human influence. Address "Orangeine," Chicago, 111. 



My experience with Peters' shells has 
been such that I shall never use them again. 
While shooting at the trap recently I hap-^ 
pened to look into the barrel of my gun 
and found a shell base stuck in the muz- 
zle so tightly that I had to use a reamer 
to get it out. I am certain had I shot the 
gun in that condition it would have burst. 
I find a great deal of smoke comes out 
around the primers of Peters' shells. The 
shells are unevenly loaded and stick in 
the breach. 

C. A. Duke, Duke Center, Pa. 




I live in the Blue Ridge Mountains, at 
Monterey, Franklin county, Pa. We have 
quails and grouse in plenty, also gray 
squirrels, rabbits and some deer. We or- 
ganized a hunting club of 20 members and 
go into camp for 15 days in November. In 
1901 we got 2 5-point bucks and one doe, 
and as much smaller game as we could use 
in camp. We saw 11 deer in all. I use a 
.38 caliber rifle and it does good work. 
We are particular about the game laws and 
see that they are enforced. 

H. J. Fitz, Charmain, Pa. 



HYPNOTISM 

Would you possess that strange mysterious power which charm* and 
fascinates men and women, inlluence their thought*, controls their desires and 
" makes you supreme master of everv sanation? Life is full of alluring possibilities 
for those who master the secrets of hypnotic influence; for those who develop their 
magnetic powers. You can learn at home, cure diseases and bad habits without) 
d-ugs win the friendship and love of others, increase i<mr income, gratify your 
ambitions, drive worry and trouble from your mind, improve your memory, overcome 
domestic difficulties, give the most thrilling entertainment ever witnessed and develop a 
wonderfully magnetic will power that will enable you to overcome all obstacles to your success. 
You can hypnotize people instantaneoiinly. -quick as a nash,-put r , ;"'-*' , J° r » n y° 1 n I e 
else to sleep at any hour of the day or night-banish pain and suffering. Our free bo< ok telig 
you the secrets of this wonderful science. It explains exactly how you can use this power tobetter 
your condition in life. It is enthusiastically endorsed by ministers of the gospf d ^je™> J"* ™; 
business men and society women. It benefits everybody. It costs nothing. We give it away to 
advertise our college. Write for it to-day. - 

American College of Sciences. Dept. 10*C, Rochester, N. Y. 



XXII 



RECREAT10X. 



WHAT IS CATARRH? 

If You Have Any of tiie Following 

Symptoms Send Four Name 

and Address To-day. 

>ur breath foul? Is vnur v net hu^kv ? Is your 
no e stopped ? Do yon snore at night ? Do yon sneeze 
:tdral? Do you ha at pains in the fore- 

Do you have pains across the eyes t Are you 




losing your sense of smpll ? Is there a dropping in 
the throat ? A re \ou losm,' your sense of taste ? Are 
you gradually getting deatr Do you hear buzzing 
sounds? Do yon hare ringing in the ears ? Do you 
suiter with nausea ot the stomach? Is there a con- 
stant bad taste in the mouth ? Do you have a hacking 
cough? Do you cou^'h at night? Do you take cold 
if so, you have catarrh, 
rrh is not only dangerous in this way. but it 
Causes ulcerations, death and decay of bones, loss of 
thinking and reasoning power, kills ambition and 
energy, often causes loss of appetite, Indigestion, dys- 
pepsia, raw throat and reaches to gen ral debility. 
idiocy and insanity. It needs attention at once. Cure 




it with Gauss' Catarrh Cure. It is a quick, radical, 
nent cure, becauseit rids the sysfem of the poison 
germs t hat cause catarrh. 

In order to or >ve to all who are suffering from this 
dangerousand loathsome disease that Gauss' Catarrh 
Cur^ will a tnally cureany ca^e of catarrh quickly, I 
will send atrial nackaue by mail free of all cost. Send 
ir name and address t -day and the treatment 
will he sent you by return mail. Try it. It will pos- 
itively cup- s > f.at y<:ii will be welcomed instead of 
s»iunnedby your friend *. Write to-day, you may for 
get it to-morrow. C.E. GAUSS, 2016 Main St., Mar- 
shall, Mich. 



FREE BOOK, WEAK MEN 

If y Illustrated nature bonk on losses, 
varicoce e. imp >ten< v. lame back. tr<-<-. 
sealed, by mail. Much valuable advice 
and describes the n«*w I > K SANDEN 
BLEC 1 RIC BELT 
Worn nights No drugs. Current 
SOOthing. Used by wc men also for 
heumatic pains, etc 5 000 cures 19 >2 
stablished 30 vears. Advice free. 
DR. G. B. SANDEN, 

1165 Broadway, N. Y. 




SLEEP 

Is Tired Nature's 
Sweet Restorer 

After a hard day's tramp, you must have 

A Good Night's Rest 

in or'cr to fit you for the next day's work. 
Better to sleep on a good bed without your din- 
ner, than to sip at a banquet and then sleep on 
the cold, hard, wet ground. You can get 

A Recreation 
Camp Mattress 

of rubber, with valve for inflating, made by the 
Pneumatic Mattress Co., and listed at $iS 

For 10 Yearly Subscriptions to 
RECREATION 

Send for Sample Copies. 

Address RECREATION, 23 W. 21th St., N.Y. 



The axe which you sent me as a premium 
is a beauty. 1 can now understand the de- 
sire which led George Washington to cut 

down the cherry tree. I should like to do 
the same thing myself. 

D. B. Wylie. Milwaukee, Wis. 






No one could enjoy Recreation more 
than I do. I never miss a chance of speak- 
ing a good word for it. 

J. L. Starr, Stockton, Cal. 



I thank you for the elegant Savage rifle 
received a short time ago. You are exceed- 
ingly liberal. 

G. F. Baird, Austin, Minn. 



PATENTS 



promptly obtained OR NO FEE. Trade-Marks, 
Oaroata, Copyright! and Labels registered. 
TWENTY YEARS' PRACTICE. Highest references. 
8end in id 1. sketch or phnto. for ttt* report 
on patentability. All business confidential. 
HAND-BOOK FREE. Explains everything. Tells 
How to OMaia and Bell Patents. What Inventions 
Will Pay, How to Get a Partner, explains best 
mechanical movements, and contains 300 other 
subjects of importance to inventors. Address, 

H. B. WILLSON & CO. Pa,ent 



736 F Street, NW., 



Attorneys 
WASHINGTON, D.C. 



RECREATION. 




All these years we have advertised the Ostermoor Mattress and left the sale of our other prod- 
ucts to our handsome book. A lady in Michigan writes us: "Your clever advertising has made me 
covet an Ostermoor Mattress, but unfortunately when I was married we bought an outfit of hair- 
stuffed ticks — too good to throw away ; hardly good enough to keep. While visiting Mrs. — — , of 
Detroit (one of your customers), I picked up a copy of your interesting book, 'The Test of Time/ and 
learned for the first time how many were the forms and how fair the prices of your 

"Ostermoor" Cushions and Pillows 

Among the many handsome and suggestive pictures I saw a window-seat idea that my husband says we 

must adopt. Please quote me a price on a cush- 



THE 



Ostermoor 

Patent Elastic Felt 

Mattress 



2 feet 6 Inches wide, $c 7C 

25 lb§. # 0.OO 

S.feet wide, 30 lbs. 10.00 

3 feet 6 inches wide, 1 1 7ft 

35 lbs. H./U 

4 feet wide, 10 lbs. 13.35 

4 feet 6 inches wide, 1 C ftft 
45 lbs. 10.UU 

All 6 feet 3 inches long. 

Express Charges Prepaid. 

In two parts, 50 cents extra. 
Special sizes at special prices. 



ion (like one on page 43), size of paper pattern 
enclosed." We wish vou would 

Send for Book 
Mailed FREE 

Our 06-page book, "The Test of Time," not only treats 
exhaustively the mattress question, but also describes and 
illustrates (with scores of pictures), Ostermoor Cushions and 
Pillows for Window Seats, Cozy Corners, Hall Benches and 
Easy Chairs; Boat Cushions, Carriage Cushions, Church Cush- 
ions — we have cushioned 25,000 churches. It is an encyclo- 
paedia of comfort and good taste — may we send it? Your 
name on a postal will do. It costs us 25 cents, but you are 
welcome to it — even if you send from curiosity alone. 



Our new book, " Built for Sleep" describes our 
complete line of Metal Bedsteads, Springs and 
Divans. Handsomely illustrated. Mailed Free. 




30 Nights' Free Trial 



Sleep on the Ostermoor 
thirty nights free and if it is not 
even all you have hoped for. if 
you don t believe it to be the 
equal in cleanliness, durability 
and comfort of any $50. hair 
mattress ever made, you can 
get your moneybackby return 
mail — "no questions asked." 

Don't forget to send 
for the FREE book 



l k f -00 ^ Out ! Dealers are trying to sell the "just as good kind." Ask to see the name "Ostkrmoor" and oar trade-mark 
label, sewn on the end. Show them you can't and won't be fooled. It's not Felt if it's not an Ostermoor. Mattresses 
expressed, prepaid by us, same day check is received. Estimates on cushions and samples of coverings by return mail. 

OSTERMOOR & COMPANY, 114 Elizabeth Street, New York 

Canadian Agency: The Alaska Feather and Down Co., Ltd., Montreal 



XXIV 



RECREATION. 



SOME RARE OPPORTUNITIES 

These goods are all new, and will be shipped 
direct from factory. Prices named are those at 
which manufacturers and dealers usually sell. 
Here is a good chance to get 

A Book, a Gun, a Camera ) .. . 

A Sleeping Basj, a Fishing Rod [ l H Ji l T Uh 
A Reel, a Tent, ) tUb ' 

Subscriptions need not all be sent at once. They 
may be sent in installments as taken and credit will 
be jiven on account. When the required number 
is obtained the premium earned will be shipped. 

TO ANY PERSON SENDING ME 

T\Y< ) new yearly subscriptions to Rkcrkation 
at $1 each, I will send a Copy of Hunt- 
ing in the Great West, cloth ; or a Zar 
Camera, listed at $i; or an Ingersoll Watch 
or Cyclometer, listed at $i; or a Recreation 
Waterproof Match Box, made by W. L. 
Marble and listed at $i; or a Shakespeare 
Revolution Bait listed at 75 cents; or a 
ighlin Fountain Pen ; or a dozen Trout 
Fli tod, listed at $1 ; or a pairof At- 

bable Eyeglass Temples, gold-plated, 
made by Gall & Lembke; or one Rifle Wick 
Plug, made by llemm & Woodward, Sidney, 
Ohio. 30 caliber to 50 caliber, or Shotgun 
Wick Plug, 20 gauge up to 10 gauge, or a 
pair of chrome tanned horsehide hunting 
driving gloves, listed at $1.50, made by 
J. P. Luther Glove Co. 

THREE new subscriptions at $1 each, a safety 
ket ax, made by W. L. Marble and 
listed at $2.50; or a dozen Bass Flies, 
assorted, listed at $2 ; or a pair of Shotgun 
Wick Plugs made by Hemm & Woodward, 
Sidney, Ohio, 20 gauge to 10 gauge ; or a 
Polished Buffalo Horn Gun Rack, made by 
E. W. Stiles; or a pair of gauntlets, for 
hunting and driving, ladies' size, listed at 
$2.50, made by J. P. Luther Glove Co., or a 
Press Button Jack Knife, made by The Nov. 
elty Knife Co., and listed at $1. 

F< HJR new subscriptions at $1 each, an Ideal 

Hunting Knife, made by \W. L. Marble and 

listed at $2.50 ; or a 32 caliber, automatic 

double action revolver, made by Harrington 

• n Arms Co. 

FIVE new subscriptions at $1 each, a copy of 
Cruisings in the Cascades, cloth ; or a set of 
N- hring's Convertible Ampliscopes, listed 
at $5.00; or an Ideal Hunting Knife made 
by W. L. Marble, and listed at $3; 
or a pair of lock lever skates, made by 
Barney & Berry, listed at $4 50; or a J C 
Hand trap made by the Mitchell Mfg. Co., 
listed at $4.; or a Bristol Steel Fishing 
Rod, listed at $6. or less; or a Yiwman & 
Erbe Automatic Reel, listed at $6 to $9. 

SIX new subscriptions at $1 each, a Hawkeye 
Refrigerating Basket made by the Burlington 
Basket Co., or one dozen Eureka golf balls 
listed at $4; or a Pocket Poco B 3# X 4X» 
made by the Rochester Optical & Camera 
Co., listed at $9. 



SEVEN new subscriptions at $1 each, a copy of 
The Big Game of jVorth America, or of The 
A merican Book of the Dog, cloth, or one set 
Lakewood golf clubs, 5 in number, listing at $5 ; 
or a series II F Korona Camera, made 
by the Gundlach Optical Co., listed at $id. 

EIGHT new subscriptions at $1 each. A 

Korona Camera, made by 

the Gundlach Optical Co., listed at $12. or 

an Acme single shot gun, made by the Da- 

venport Arms Co., and listed at $8. 

new subscriptions at $1 each, a Cut- 
Glass Salad Bowl, made by Higgins & 
Seiter, and listed at $4.50 ; or a W r aterproof 
Wall Tent 7x7, made by Abercrombie & 
Fitch, and listed at $8; or a Rough Rider 
rifle telescope, made by The Malcolm Rifle 
Sight Mfg. Co., and listed at $12; or a Pneu- 
matic Camp Mattress, listed at $18. 

TWELVE new subscriptions at $1 each, a Pea- 
body Carbine valued at $12; or a Davenport 
Ejector Gun, listed at $10., or a Cycle Poco 
No. 3, 4x5, made by the Rochester Optical & 
Camera Co., listed at $15 ; or an 8 ft. folding 
canvas boat, made by the Life Saving Canvas 
Boat Co., listed at $29. 

FIFTEEN new subscriptions, $1 each, a Shake- 
speare Reel, Silver Plated, listed at $15; or a 
set of rabbit plates made by Higgins & Seiter, 
and listed at $8, or a Field Glass made by 
Gall & Lembke; or a Kenwood Sleeping Bag, 
complete, with canvas cover, listed at $16; 
or a Bulls-Eye rifle telescope, made by The 
Malcolm Rifle Sight Mfg. Co., and listed at $16; 
or a 10 ft. special canvas boat, made by the 
Life Saving Canvas Boat Co. , and listed at $35 ; 
or a pair of horsehide hunting boots, listed 
at $10. 

TWENTY new subscriptions at $1 each, a 14- 
karat small size Gold Hunting-case Watch, 
withW r altham Movement, listed at $20; or 
an Elita single shot gun, made by the 
Davenport Arms Co., and listed at $18., or 
an Acme Folding Canvas Boat, No. 1, 
Grade, A listed at $27; or a Mullins Duck 
Boat, listed at $20. 

TWENTY-FIVE new subscriptions at $1 each, 
A 4x5 Planatic lens, made by the Rochester 
Lens Co., and listed at $45. 

THIRTY new subscriptions at $1 each, a 
Waterproof Tent, 14^ x 17, made by Aber- 
crombie & Fitch, and listed at $25. 

FORTY new subscriptions at $1 each, a Savage 
.303 Repeating Rifle; or a No. 10 Gun Cab- 
inet, made by the West End Furniture Co., 
and listed at $32. 

FIFTY new subscriptions at $1 each, a No. 20 
Gun Cabinet, made by the West End 
Furniture Co., and listed at $38. 

TWO HUNDRED new subscriptions at$i each, 
a strictly first class upright piano, listed at 
*75°- 

Address, Recreation %™ '££* st ; 



RECREATION. 



XXV 



POND'S EXTRACT 

&he Old Family Doctor 



Relieves: 

Frost-bite 
Chilblains 
Chapped Hands 
Sore Throat 
Lameness Sprains 
Burns Scalds 
Cuts Bruises 




Stops: 



"»tl>ARtDtXCLUSIVEn 6*™* 



Toothache 
Earache 
Nose-bleed 
Hemorrhage 
Rheumatic Pains 
Neuralgic Pains 
ALL PAINS 



A bottle of Pond's Extract in your home is a physician always within reach — one that 
has had 60 years experience curing pain. The genuine is sold only in sealed bottles 
with buff wrapper. Witch hazel is not the same as Pond's Extracft. 



Here are a few of the answers given by 
students of a Missionary College, at a re- 
cent examination : 

What was the chief event of Solomon's 
reign? 

He died. 

Name some of the early Christian fathers. 

Jerome ; Oxigen ; Ambrosia. 

What are the enduring remains of Egypt? 

Pyramids and obsequies. 

In what Christian tenet did the Egyp- 
tians believe? 

The immorality of the soul. 

What was the religion of the Britons? 

A strange and terrible one — that of the 
Dudes. 

What caused the death of Cleopatra? 

She bit a w-asp. 

Where is the earth's climate the hottest? 

Next the Creator. 

What can you tell of Ben Jonson? 

He survived Shakespeare in some re- 
spects. 

What is the form of water drops? 

Generally spherical, for reasons known 
only to the gracious Providence who makes 
them. 

What is the spinal column? 



Bones running all over the body; it is 
very dangerous. 

Name a domestic animal useful for cloth- 
ing, and describe its habits. 

The ox — it don't have habits — it lives in 
a stable. 

Of what is the surface of the earth com- 
posed ? 

Of dirt and people. 

What is the function of the gastric juice? 

To digest the stomach. 

Define interloper. 

One who runs away to get married. 

Define flinch and give a sentence. 

Flinch is to shrink. Flannels flinch when 
washed. 

Name 12 animals of the arctic zone. 

Six polar bears and 6 seals. 

Define vengeance, and give a sentence 
using the word. 

Vengeance is a mean, spiteful desire to 
pay back. "Vengeance is mine and I will 
repay, saith the Lord." 

Define hireling. 

One who is bribed. Teachers are hire- 
lings of the government. 

What is the chief industry of Austria? 

Gathering ostrich feathers. — Life. 



xxv. 



RECREATION, 




si 



U.S.PLAYINGCARDCO. 

CINCINNATI, U.S.A. 

RUSSELL & MORGAN FACTORIES 



FRONT OF BICYCLE BOX. 



Bicycle 
Cards, 

High in quality, 
Low in price. 

Favorites from Greenland to Tasmania — 
because the best. More sold than all 
other brands combined. 
Dealers everywhere have them. 



The U. S. Playing Card Co. 

Cincinnati, U. S. A. 
HOYLE for IOC Address Dept. 23 



For Duplicate Whist, best of card games, use Paine's Trays 
Lessons free with each set of trays. Write for particulars. 



A friend who owns a 38-72 box maga- 
zine black powder gun desired to use 
a miniature load in the gun, so bought 
a 38 mould and made some bullets. Though 
14 grains would have been plenty, he 
filk-d his shells with 72 grains of smoke- 
less 30 caliber powder. The result was 
that a shell hurst at the breech, throwing 
powder and brass in his face. He was un- 
der a doctor's care 4 days. The gun was 
slightly damaged. I had advised him not 
to shoot the charge, as I expected it to 
burst the barrels. 

('< L Manon, Post Falls, Idaho. 



I thank you for the Harrington & Rich- 
ardson shot gun sent me as a premium for 
a club of subscriptions to Recreation. I 
have tried the weapon and found it all that 
it is claimed. 

W. S. Heath, Binghamton, N. Y. 



Recreation is the best magazine pub- 
lished. Just keep on roasting the fish and 
game hogs wherever you get a whack at 
them. Jacob Young, Phillipsburg, N. J. 



Recreation is improving all the time. 
Alex. C. Wade, Jr., Birmingham, Ala. 



No. 58 



HERE 




KNIFE Men Love So Much 
Throw an Old Handle Away 

It Man Teddy's C'ninp Knife! 



No. 58. Cut is exact 

size; ebony handle. 3 
blades, German Silver 
ends. The long blade is 
for rough or fine work ; 
the medium blade is as 
tli in as a razor. Price, 
lid, $1, 6 for $5. 

The lower cut is 
"fliaimcry De- 
pew's pet," has 

three blades (one is a file). Handle i9 choicest 
Selected_pearl ; German silver. back aiid ends. Price 
in chamois case, $1.50 post- 
paid. Same knife, 2 blade, 
%t; plainer finish, 3 blade, 
same quality, |i; smaller 
2 blade, for lady, 75 cents. 
Illustrated 80-page List 
free, and "How to Use a 
Razor." 

Maher & Grosh Co. 

74 A STREET, TOLEDO, O. 



RECREATION. 



XXVll 



AN OLD MAN'S FRIEND. 

MRS. FRANK C. ROBINSON. 

Only a dog? He's my friend! 

A friend that is faithful and true. 
One whose affection I've tested, 

In pleasure and sorrow too. 

Only a brute, did you say? 

He's no more of a brute, friend, than you. 
Look into that face so honest, 

And those eyes, straightforward and true. 

We've had him since he was a pup, 
Just seven weeks old to a day ; 

And though he's unable to speak, 
He understands all that we say. 

You doubt it? Well, sir, I'll prove it ! 

There's my wife down the road to the 
right ; 
You can't make her hear by calling, 

She's just disappearing from sight. 

Le Roy, old fellow, come here, sir! 

Mother has gone down to see Kate. 
Go ! bring her back, I want her ; 

And remember, you must shut the gate. 

He is off ! Now watch him and tell me, 
Can you close the gate better than that? 

Will he come back, you ask, without 
mother? 
That he will not, I'll wager my hat ! 

Ah ! sir, if you cared but to listen, 

I could tell you many a tale, 
Of the tricks that lad's put me up to, 

When out after partridge and quail. 

I could tell you of times without number, 
That he has outwitted the birds. 

It was more than instinct or training, 
'Twas reason, sir, just mark my words. 

But look, sir! yonder comes mother, 
With Le Roy trotting close at her heels ; 

You can tell by the wag of his tail, 
How wondrously proud he feels. 

No, Mother, nothing was wanted. 

But to let this gentleman see, 
That you could understand Le Roy, 

And that he could understand me. 



I do not know of a more acceptable 
Christmas gift, one that will be remem- 
bered the year round, than a subscription 
to Recreation. 

Frank M. Marble, Southbridge, Mass. 



I feel under obligation to you for send- 
ing me the Hawkeye, Jr., camera. It is a 
fine premium for only 15 subscriptions. 
D. B. Wentworth, Somerville, Mass. 



IN ANSWERING ADS 
MENTION RECREATION. 



PLEASE 



Tne Beer of Quality 




Beer is one of the gilts 
of old Mother Earth. 

Its elements are products or tne soil. 

W'hetner it is good beer to drink 

or not depends on tne barley-malt, 

tne nops, tne plant and the brewing. 

The best barley in tne world 
will not make good beer unless tne 
malt is right. Neither can you 
make good beer out or tne choicest 
nops unless tne art or tne brew- 
master can blend them scientifically 
with tne malt. Sixty years or 
practical experience nave enabled 
Pabst to perfect scientific malting, 
and to blend with the malt the fruit 
of the hop-vine. Tne premier pro- 
duct of tbe art is 

Patst 
Blue Rid ton 

Brewed in a plant that is "as clean 
as a Dutch Kitchen, under condi- 
tions more sanitary and more thor- 
ough than you will find in any food 
factory in tne world. Perfect brew- 
ing and purest materials make it tne 

Beer of Quality. 



XXV111 



RECREATION. 




ARNICA 

Tooth Soap 

ftp fntrrn&fioneJ Tknti/rice 



Beantifi.es the teeth, hard- 
be gums, sweetens the 
tu Preserves as well 
as beautifies the te 
Comes in neat, handy n 
boxes. No powd 
scatter, no liquid to 
spill or to stain gar- 
meats. 

35 Cents 
At all Druggists. 



C H. STRONG & CO., Proprietors, 
Chicsro, U. S. A. 



3 



MEXICAN OPAL AND SOMBRERO 
FREE WITH EACH SUBSCRIP- 
TION TO RECREATION. 
To anyone subscribing t<> Recreation 
through me, I will send free a beautiful 
genuine Mexican Opal as large as a pea, 
her with a miniature Mexican Som- 
brero, made of silver and horsehair beau- 
tifully dyed. Arthur Thomson, Box 332, 
Antonio, Texas. 



PLAYS 



358 Dearborn St.. Ctaicag 



Dialogues, Charades, Recitations 

and other entertainment books. 
Send for free ratalo* of over 2000 plays. 

Dramatic Publishing Company 

icago, or 40 W. New York 



Are You an Amateur 
Photographer ? 




If so, would you like a Camera that will photograph 

A whole range of mountains 

A whole sweep of river 

A whole army 

A whole fleet of ships 

A whole city 

Or any other vast stretch of scenery or moving 
obje< THE SWING LENS DOES IT. 

J5he AL VISTA 

Is the thing 

One of the greatest inventions of the age. 

I xmll gtve you a No. 5-B as a premium for 
12 subscriptions. For particulars address 

Kecreation, n©w York city 



Sent on Approval 

TO RESPONSIBLE PEOPLE 

Laughlin 

Fountain Pen 



Guaranteed Finest 

Grade 14k. 
SOLID GOLD PEN. 

To test the merits of 

RECREATION 

as an advertising medium 
we make this grand spe- 
cial offer, your choice of 




\ 



These 
Two 

Popular' 
Styles 
For Only 



$1.00 



1 



I 



Postpaid 
to any 

Address 

(By Registered mail S cents extra) 

Holder is made of finest 
quality hard rubber, in four 
simple parts, fitted with 
very highest grade, large 
size 14k, geld pen, any flex- 
ibility desired — in feeding 
device perfect 

Either Style— RICHLY 
GOLD HOUNTED for pre- 
sentation purposes, $1.00 
extra. 

Grand Special 
Offer 

You may try the pen a 
week ; if you do not find it 
as represented, fully as 
fine a value as you can 
secure for three times the 
price in any other makes, 
if not satisfactory in every 
respect, return it and we 
will promptly refund your 
money. 

Illustration on left is full 
size of Ladies' style; on 
right, Gentlemen's style. 
Lay this RECREATION Down 
and Write NOW. 

Safety Pocket Pen Hold- 
er sent free of charge with 
each Pen. 

address ; 



Laughlin flfg. Co. 

424 Grlswold St.. DETROIT. MICH, 



RECREATION. 



XXIX 



A SIOUX LEGEND. 

SHANNON BRUCE. 

Before the Sioux or Mandan, 

Before each roving band 
Of Ute, or Cree or Blackfoot 

Trod o'er Dakota land; 

Before the red Apache 

Before the Kiowa, 
Before the Kaw or the Omaha, 

Or the Sauk or the Iowa ; 

Before the birth of a mortal, 

Of a red man or a white, 
Before the flight of the seasons, 

Before the evil of the night; 

There came on the East and the West 
winds, 

With arrows, with bows and with shields, 
Where the hills of the wild Uncomphagre 

Run down to Navajo fields, 

Two armies with plumes and with ban- 
ners, 
With shields and with arrows and bows, 
From bold Idaho, from the land of the 
Crow, 
To the plain where the Arkansas flows. 

They met in the red shock of battle, 

They fought without shouting or sound, 

In ghostly array for a moon and a day 
And the slain were as leaves on the 
ground. 

The legions that came on the East wind 
Were white as the morning is white, 

And the West-men were red as the even- 
ing is red 
E'er appear the last torches of night. 

The white men prevailed o'er the red men, 
And earth was heaped over the slain 

Till mountains untold rose from warm sea 
to cold, 
And these mark the last place of slain. 

And the arrows shot forth in the battle 
Flew blazing to uttermost height, 

And each arrow that slew, brighter burned 
as it flew, 
Till it turned to a star in its flight. 

And the stars tell the number of fallen, 
That fell for a moon and a day, 

When the spirits that led pallid ranks 
against red, 
The red scepter first wrested away. 



BIG MONEY 



In Mail-Order 
Business 

People are buying more by mail than ever before : one mail 
order house does a business of a million dollars monthly; 
another receives 2,000 letters daily, nearly all containing 
money; mail order trading is unquestionably the business 
m«thi>d of the future. The field is large, the possibilities 
unlimited. Let us send you our plan for starting begin- 
ners; it covers every point. Enclose stamp. 

CENTRAL SUPPLY CO., Kansas City, Mo. 




Any of these beautiful, genuine 

Diamonds anil flue Pearls, in s I 

gold, hand-made mountings will be 
sent direct from our factory on re- 
ceipt of price, or C.O.D., subji-t to 

inspection. Order by number. We 
send poods prepaid and guarantee 
delivery. Your money back if you 
are not pleased. Our diamonds) are 
of superior quality and we sell only 
fine, high-grade goods and IKt 
everything at wholesale pi-ices. 
Illustrated Catalogue shows thou- 
sands of photographs of tb» newest 
and finest goods. IT'S FREE — send 
for it to-day and save one-half on 
yonr Holiday shopping. We ate 
the largest concern in the business 
and one of the oldest — Est 1840. 
We refer to the Commercial Nation- 
al Bank of Chicago. 8. T. ALTE- 

MUS & CO., Diamond Merchants, 
Gold and Hlversmilhs^ Di 



Watchrs. jHwelry. Sterling Silver, Cat I 



Glass Novelties, Etc., Etc. 148 A, Stewart Building, Chicago, 111., 1.8. A. 



Club 
Cocktails 



Famous the world 
over for purity. 
They never vary. 
The secret of their 
perfect blend is that 
they are kept six 
months before being 
drawn off and bot- 
tled. Be sure you 
have them in your 
camp, on the yacht, 
and on your outing 
trips wherever you 
go. They are ready and require no 
mixing. Simply pour over cracked ice. 

For Sale by all Fancy Grocers and Dealers 

Q. F. HEUBLEIN & BRO. 

29 BROADWAY, If. T. HARTFORD, CONlf. 




XXX 



RECREATION. 



For Hunters, Anglers, Prospectors, Ranchmen, 



The Press Button Knife 

IS THE THING. 

A single pressure of the button opens it. It locks open, cannot 
close on the ti. es the ringer nai'.s, has 2 blades hand-forged 

f rotll ■■], and is in cvi-ry r< ^ood 

altn !>c made. Ladies' and Gentlemen's sizes in Stag 

Shell >-r Ivory handles, including moisture-proof Chamois case 
securely mailed to any address for 75 CENTS, 

Send for catalogue K for description and prices of other styles. 

THE 

NOVELTY 
KNIFE CO. 

426 East 52d Street 

NEW YORK 



And all others who go 
into the Woods or Hills 

Our 5-inch Press Button Hunt- 
ing Knife can not be excelled. 
Can be opened with one hand, 
and will not open or close acci* 
dentally. 

Handsome Stag: Handle 

Price, One Dollar 




PAROID 
ROOFING 

"IT LAS1\S" 

The most satisfactory roof- 
ing for camps. Each roll 
a complete roofing kit. 
Adapted to any roof in all 
climates. No paint required 
when first laid. Write us 
for samples and prices. 

RATION 

F. W. BIRD & SON 

KAKEB8 

Basi Walpole, M«iss.,u.s.a. 

New York Chicago 

Washington) I). C« 



KEEP 
YOUR 
HANDS 
WARM 



Send me 2 yearly subscriptions 
to Recreation and I will send you 
a pair of Leather Hunting Gloves 

made to your measure, by the 
Luther Glove Co., Berlin, Wis. 



Sample copies for use in canvass- 
i)ig furnished on request 



RECREATION. 



XXXI 



MORE PRAISE FOR ROBIN HOOD! 

The manufacturers of Robin Hood pow- 
der claim it is not a nitro compound, but a 
mechanical composition similar to black 
powder and that it has all the good features 
of both nitro and black, while practically 
free from their disadvantages. I have been 
familiar with nearly all the nitros and have 
tested them both in the field and at the trap. 
When my attention was called to Robm 
Hood I gave it a thorough test, and am 
well pleased with the result. The recoil is 
much less than with most of the standard 
nitros. From the way this powder breaks 
targets there is surely no lack of speed. The 
pattern at 40 yards was splendid and there 
seemed no falling off when the load was 
increased from 3 to 3*4 drams. No special 
wadding ; one card and one ordinary black 
edge gave about the same results as 3 or 
more wads. This powder makes a little 
more smoke than E. C. or DuPont, though 
not enough to interfere with the second 
barrel. Those who complain of the sharp 
recoil of other smokeless powders in light 
guns will find this compound practically 
free from it with ordinary loads. The 
makers claim it is safe in any gun that will 
stand black powder and can be loaded the 
same as black. 

W. F. Jones, Marion, Ind. 



Sportsman's Encyclopedia 

=THE 20lh CENTURY BOOK - 



Nearly 500 pages— 1000 Illustrations. 



THE COMPLETE 



We have received a per- 
sonal lettei of commenda- 
tion from Theodore Roose- 
velt, Jr., White House, 
Washington, D. C. about 
this book. 



Sportsman's, 
Hunter's, 
Fisherman's, 
Angler's, Trapper's 
and Camper's Manual 



A veritable Mine or Epitome of In 

formation. 
Startling Facts never before published 
All handsomely bound, prepaid for 



One Dollar Dill if ordered now 



Your money back if you are not more than 
pleased. 

1 Address- 



Author and "BUZZACOTT" 

PublisKer D^X,^,J*V,V/ * * 

Racine Jet., Wis., and Chicago, 111. 

DEPT. A. 



"Better than most books sold at treble the price" 
so says E. A. Graves, Mining Engineer, Streator, 
111., and many others. 



TIE LATEST, SAFEST 





Is what we offer you. A Boat built on modern lines that will 
prove a pleasure to own and use. Selected materials used through- 
out, and it comes to you guaranteed the best. A handy and safe 
boat for fishing and shooting. Send 4 cents in stamps for catalogue 
and reliable testimony. 

Mention Recreation. 

LIFE SAVING FOLDING CANVAS BOAT CO. 

Ka.lamazoo, MioK. 




Latest patent and improved Canvas Folding Boat on the market. 
Puncture proof; Tempered steel frame. No bolts to remove. 
Folds most compact of any boat made. 



xxxii RECREATION. 



TO 

AMATEUR 
PHOTOGRAPHERS 

Here is a Chance 
to Get a 

FINE CAMERA EASILY 



A 4x5 Weno Hawk-eye film camera listing at $8, for 5 
yearly subscriptions to Recreation. A No. 3 folding Weno 
Hawk-eye film camera, listed at $15, for 10 yearly subscrip- 
tions to Recreation. 

These are both neat, compact, well-made and handsomely 
finished cameras, capable of doing high-class work. 

Sample copies for use in canvassing 
furnished on request. 

Address RECREATION 

23 West 24th St. NEW YORK. 



RECREATION. 




-■* 



DRAWN BY ROY MASON. 



A Marble Safety Pocket Axe 

is the handiest tool a sportsman ever carried, and a life-saver and comfort-provider in 
the woods. Hunters, canoeists, yachtsmen, campers, fishermen, all need it and unite in 
praising its supreme utility. Has a guard which closes over the blade and allows it to slip 
into hip or breast pocket or hang safely at the belt. Made from the finest steel and 
superbly finished. No. i, 16-oz., $2.50. No. 2, 20-oz., $2.50. Cheaper grade with wooden 
handle $1.50. From sporting goods dealers or direct from us. 

A fine catalogue of sporting necessities free for the asking. Ask for catalogue A 




AXE CO. 



GLADSTONE MICHIGAN, TJ. 5. A. 



A SPORTSHAN'S BOAT 

Mullins' " Get There" Steel Duck Boat 




14 ft. long, 36-inch beam. PRICE. $20 Crated on cars Salem. 

Endorsed by Thousands of Sportsmen. Air Chamber each end. Always ready. No repairs 

Send for handsome free book. Mention Recreation. 

W. H. MULLINS, 228 Depot Street, Salem, Ohio 



For Sale or Exchange: — Stevens Ideal, 
No. 45 Rifle, 34 inch barrel, 25-25 caliber, 
special 12 inch twist, Lyman sights, Gun 
bore treatment, Ideal lubricating machine 
and complete set of tools, ammunition, etc. 
Cost over $60 Want Parker, Smith or Ith- 
aca hammerless 12 gauge gun of equal 
value, or will take $30 cash. Itemized list 
and particulars on request with stamp. C, 
O. Moseley, Limona, Florida. 




The "Perfect" Fishing 
& Hunting Motor Boat. 

Lengtli. 17 t. Be»m,4lt Weiirbt 3ft 
lbs. ypeedetoTimles. Price Si 25 

The above equipped with The ''VaWeleaa'' 

Gasoline Marine Motor, the n.cst mini 

tor on the market. Small weight. Large 

power. Perfect control. Priee HoU.r Complete 

MS* 

F. W. MIMtHtV Ift-IS Exchange Street, 

Idiffalo, I. Y. 
Write for caU Agenta Wanted. 



TUTTLE 



STREET CANASTOTA. 



FREE. 



bR E AK spark GASOLINE ENGINES 8c LAUNCHES. ^ UMP spark 



xxxiv RECREATION. 



ANOTHER GREAT OFFER 

TO AMATEUR 
PHOTOGRAPHERS 



A 4x5 SERIES 1 KORONA CAMERA 

LISTED AT M2.50, FOR 8 YEARLY SUBSCRIPTIONS TO RECREA TION; 

A 5x7 SERIES 1 KORONA CAMERA 

LISTED AT »i8, FOR 12 YEARLY SUBSCRIPTIONS; 

A 4x5 SERIES 2 KORONA CAMERA 

LISTED AT $18.50, FOR 14 YEARLY SUBSCRIPTIONS; 

A 4x5 SERIES 3 KORONA CAMERA 

LISTED AT *2i, FOR 18 YEARLY SUBSCRIPTIONS; 

A 4x5 SERIES 4 KORONA CAMERA 

LISTED AT $25, FOR 20 YEARLY SUBSCRIPTIONS; 

A 4x5 SERIES 5 KORONA CAMERA 

LISTED AT $36, FOR 30 YEARLY SUBSCRIPTIONS. 

SAMPLE COPIES, FOR USE IN CANVASSING, 
FURNISHED FREE 

ADDRESS 

RECR EATION 

23 WEST 24TH STREET, NEW YORK CITY 



RECREATION. 



XXXV 




SMALLEY 

MARINE GASOLINE MOTORS 

are designed for use in any kind of a boat requiring from i% H. P. to 20 H. P. Either 
single or double cylinder. Simple, mechanical, handsome, durable, positive, economi- 
cal, and moderate priced. Our speed control, propeller equipment, and many other 
features should be investigated. 

OUR NEW PLANT 

is the largest in the world devoted exclusively to the manufacture of marine gasoline 
engines. We operate our own pattern, foundry, forge, and machine departments. Wf 
manufacture every part of our engines from fly wheel to propeller. 

Every engine is connected to its propeller and given an actual water test before 
placed in purchaser's hands 

Send for illustrated catalogue. Address Dept. C 
SMALLEY MOTOR CO., Ltd., Bay City, Mich., U.S.A. 



I am a little girl, 10 years old, and fond 
of going shooting with papa. He got me 
a Harrington & Richardson shot gun as a 
premium from Recreation. Papa says it is 
the nicest single gun he ever saw and has 
as high grade work on it as his costly dou- 
ble gun. 

Ruth Wakeman, Sun Prairie, Wis. 



"So he advertised for a wife?" 

"Yes, and he got 23 letters from other 

men saying he could have theirs." — New 

York Times. 



Something Special — Playing Cards 
Free: — To each person sending me $1 for 
one year's subscription to Recreation, or 
sending it direct to be placed to my credit, 
I will forward, all charges prepaid, a pack 
of elegant gold edge playing cards. These 
are no cheap second quality cards but first 
quality of extra selected stock, highly 
enameled and polished, fancy set pattern 
backs, each pack wrapped in handsome 
glazed wrapper and packed in strong tele- 
scope case. L. J. Tooley, 
141 Burr Oak St., Kalamazoo, Mich. 




GASOLINE ENGINES and LAUNCHES 

Self-Starting Jump or Break Spark Cat* 

D. M. Tllttle Co. pi™ 1 ",™. Canastota, N. Y. 



UP TO 
DATE 

Catalog Free 



J 



XXXVI 



RECREATION. 




99 



75 he 
'"Bristol 

Calendar 

'THIS illustration pives but a faint 
Idea of our beautiful calendar, which 
is printed in ten colors, making it a 
handsome and striking design. Hang 
one in your office, den or home, and 
when you want a fishing rod be sure to 
get a " BRISTOL." Sold by all dealers. 
Calendar sent to any address on receipt 
of ten cents (stamps or silver) to i 
cost of mailing provided you mention 
this magazine. 

Ask for Catalog "D," describing 25 
styles of "Bristol" Steel Fishing Rods 
— it is free. 

T5he Horton Mfg. Co. 
"Bristol. Conn.. V.J* .A. 




1 1-foot Special 

Folding Canvas Boats were not satisfactory 
until the King was prodiu ed. It's a revelation 
in boat construction. Nothing like it ever made. 
Nonsinkable. Can't turn over. Puncture- 
proof. Wear lot ger than a wooden lx>at. No 
repairs. No cost for storage. Always ready. 
Folds into a small. ^kage, — carry by hand. 

Used by the U. S. Navy. They are simply won- 
derful. A thoroughly patented article. lie ware of 
imitation. Made only by ourselv 

A catalogue of 70 engravings and 3^0 testimonials 
sent on receipt of 

King Folding Canvas Boat Co. 

Kalamazoo. Mich. U. S A. 



Do you want a Good, Reliable, 
Substantial, Well Made 

Smile Barrel Slot Gu 

If so, send me 

10 YEARLY SUBSCRIPTIONS 

and I will send you such a 
Gun as a premium 

It is made by the DA VENPORT ARMS 
CO., and this means it is made of good 
material and that only good workmanship 
is put on it. 

This is one of the many remarkable op- 
portunities RECREATION is offering to 
men and boys to fit themselves out com- 
pletely for shooting and fishing. 



Sample Copies for Use in Canvassing 
Furnished on Application. 



Address 



RECREATION 



23 W. 24th St., 



New York City 



RECREATION. 



XXXVll 



When You Get Up In the Night 

The Ever Ready Pocket Flash Light 

will enable you to 
find the match box 
without breaking your 
neck. 

A luxury to every 
one who camps out, 
or who lives in the 

No Chemicals No Oil, Smoke nor Odor No Danger country. 

Price complete, $3. Extra battery (No. 10), 30 cents. 




No Wires 



The Ever Ready House Lamp 

Is a luxury for man, woman or child. ^ 
It obviates all hunting for matches in the 
dark. It saves you from falling over the fur- 
niture when searching for the water pitcher 
the other door, or whatever you may seek. 



Price complete, $3. 
Extra battery (No. 610) 30 cents. Extra bulb, 50c. 




Fine Lens, Highly Polished 

Reflector, Finely Finished 

Nickel Trimmings. 



The Ever Ready Ruby Electric Lamp 

will save the eyes, the patience and the con- 
science of the amateur photographer who may 
be fortunate enough to own one. 

It is provided with patent catch, so that 
ruby glass slide can be raised and a strong 
white light can be had. 

One dry battery will last 3 months and costs only 30 cents. 
Price of lamp complete, with one battery $2.50. 




Remit by Ps O. or 
Express Money Order. 

23 West 24th Street, 



B. L. SCOTT 

NEW YORK 



I rntv, fcy permission, t» tht Editor of RECREATION. 



xxx vm 



RECREATION. 




J. BLAKE 

Huvcr and Kxporter of 

WAW FURS 

i WEST THIRD ST. 

NEW YORK 

Write for price list 



Taxidermists' 

Materials 



CIass Eyes for 

Stviffed Birds 

and Animals 

Oologists' svrvd 

Entomologists' 

Svipplies 

Send 5c. in sta jue 

FRED. KAEMPFER, 6 » c tUJo E m T ' 

Taxidermy work done in all its branches 



Free: If you send your subscription to 
Recreation through me or direct to the 
office to bo placed to my credit. I will send 
you, free of charge, any one of the articles 
mentioned below : 

Shot gun bench crimper, sells for 75 cents, 
in 10-12 16-20 gaug 

Shot gun cleaning rod. three attachments, 
sells for 50 cents, in 10-12 16 gauge. 

Micrometer powder and shot measure, 
adjustable, and for both black and smoke- 
powder, sells for 65 cents. 

U. S. Government rifle cleaner, any cali- 
ber, with attachments, sells for 60 cents, 
packed in neat canvas hag. 

A duck, snipe or turkey call, sells for 75 
cents each, best made. 

A hand nainted sporting picture, suitable 
for framing, and just the thing for your den, 
worth $1.50. 

"Hunting in the Great West," by G. O. 
Shields. II. S. Hill, 815 nth Street, N. E., 
Washington, D. C. 



For Exchange: — Trout or bass flies for 
wood duck, mallard and golden pheasant 
feathers. C. J. Engle, Box 153, Oakesdale, 
Wash. 



BUFFALO SKULLS 

AND 

Buffalo Horn Novelties 

Send for Illustrated Catalogue. Mention Recreation. 

E. W. STILES 

141 Washington St. Hartford, Conn. 

MOUNTAINS OF FLORIDA. 

If you are thinking of going to Florida this Winter- 
want to shoot a wiid turkey or alligator or want to 
know anything about Florida, better write to C H. 
STOKES, The Jolly Palms, Mohawk, Florida. 



NNE MOUNTED GAME HEADS. 

BIRDS, ETC.. for sale at unheard-of prices. 

Send 10 cents for photos. 
JOHN CLAYTON, Taxidermist, Lincoln, Main* 



AN IMPORTANT OFFER 

For 2 Yearly Subscriptions to RECREATION 

I will send you 

A RIFLE WICK PLUO 

Made by Hemm & Woodward, Sidney, Ohio, 30 caliber 
up to 50 caliber. 

OR 

A SHOT GUN WICK PLUG 

20 gauge up to 10 gauge 

For 3 Yearly Subscriptions to RECREATION 

A Pair of Shot Gun Wick Plugs 

20 to 10 gauge. 
Sample copies for use in canvassing furnished on 
application. 

Address RECREATION, 23 W. 24th St., N .Y. City 



I received the King folding canvas boat, 
and the folding cot bed you sent me as pre- 
miums. I find them all right and thank 
you sincerely. 

J. H. Richards, Portland, Me. 



Date, 



190 



G. O. SHIELDS, 

Editor and Manager of RECREATION, 23 West 24th St. New York. 
Herewith find $1.00 for which please send me RECREATION one year 



beginning with. 



number, 



Name, 



Remit by P. O. or Express Money Order, or New York Draft. 

DETACH THIS, FILL OUT, AND SEND IN 



RECREATION. 



XXXIX 



WRITE YOUR CONGRESSMAN. 

Henry A. Castle, auditor for the Post 
Office Department, shows an annual short- 
age of half a million dollars or more in the 
money order system. The opposition to the 
Post Check Currency plan comes largely 
from this bureau because the new currency 
would practically abolish the money order 
system. 

This opposition should not be permitted 
to block the establishing of a currency that 
combines a safe and convenient draft for 
remittance, with a reliable circulating medi- 
um. The Post Check Currency seeks to 
benefit the masses It is a government issue 
of the same relative value as the green- 
back and is so controlled that it can be used 
safely in the mails for the payment of small 
accounts It has a host of friends and no 
enemies, outside of a limited class who 
oppose it because of self interest. 

The bill should become a law at the pres- 
ent session of Congress and it will, if public 
sentiment becomes sufficiently aroused to 
express to congressmen its views on the 
subject. Letters to congressmen from their 
constituents will aid the cause. 

Gazette, Janesville, Wis. 

Citizens should request their representa- 
tives in Congress to see that more con- 
venient money is furnished the people. — 
Editor. 



"At the foot of Pikes Peak.' 



COLORADO 
SPRINGS. 



Like a child at play, Colorado Springs 
sits basking in the sunshine at the foot 
of Pikes Peak, amid the most enjoyable 
surroundings. No location could be 
more delightful. This region is best 
reached from the East by the 

NEW YORK CENTRAL LINES 

and their connections, with but one 
change of cars from New York or 
Boston. 



For particulars inquire of 
York Central Ticket Agent. 



any 



Ne^ 



A copy of "America's Winter Resorts", will be 
sent free on receipt of a two cent stamp I 
II Daniels, General I'assenger Agent, New York 
Central & Hudson River Railroad, Grand Central 
Station, New York. 



— Fay & Bowen — 

Motors and Launches 

Operated by Gasoline Vapor « 

The Fay & Bowen Marine Motor is a revelation to those 
who have used others. Reliable, safe, durable and easy 
to operate. Remarkable speed control. Best of all, it 
starts when you start it. No handle or crank is used. 

< >ur patent igniter is 
absolutely unique and 
always instant and 
positive in action. It 
is really the only per- 
fect and satisfac- 
tory igniter. 
Motors complete 
from 1% to 25 ac- 
tual Horse Power 
ready for installa- 
tion. 




We also build a line of the finest launches afloat, com- 
plete and with our motor installed and all ready to run. 
We make these in either the usual round stern model or 
our flat stern torpedo model in lengths from 18 to 35 feet. 
We can furnish large cabin launches on special order. 
For excellence of workmanship and beauty of finish and 
design our boats are unsurpassed. Ask for description 
of our fast torpedo outlits. 

Send for Catalogue and live testimonials from satisfied 
customers. Our customers are our bat advertisers. 

Fay & Bowen, 28 nil! St., Auburn, N. Y. 



Perfect Comfort in Traveling 



VIA 

OLD DOMINION LINE 

TO 

Gunning Grounds 

OF 

Dismal Swamp, Chesapeake Bay and 
James River, Virginia; West Vir- 
ginia ; Currituck, Albemarle and 
Pamlico Sounds, and Roanoke Island, 
North Carolina. 

Sailing every week-day from Pier 26, North River, 
foot of Beach Street, New York, at 3 p. m. 

Dogs, on chain, carried free, when accom- 
panied by their owners. 

Connections made at Norfolk and Richmond for 
all points South and Southwest Through tickets 
and baggage checks. 



H. B. Wu.kfk, Vice-Prcs. and T. M. 

J. J. Brown, General Passenger Agent. 

General Offices : 81-85 B' ~ York. 



RECREATION. 



Paris Exposition, 1900: Gold Medal and Highest Award 




SPHATT'S PATENT PUPPY CAKES 

Are the BEST ami CHE A PES I. 
SPRJVTT'S PATENT PUPPY CAKES 

X puppies of all breeds and for small dogs that 

S manufacture specially le- 

ntil and taat] 

SPRATT'S PATENT PUPPY CAKES 

Are u<»ed by the leading kennel i I breeders 

throughout the world. 

SPRATT'S PATENT PUPPY CAKES 

Are sold by leading grocers, sporting goods dealers, 
druggists, etc. 

Price In Cartons, 10c. 25 <& 50c 
lr\ Bags. $1.90 $3.50 a.r\d $7.00. 

We also manufacture a specially prepared food for Hogs, 
Puppies, Cats, Rabbits, Poultry, Gam , Fish, Birds, etc 

Write for our Catalogue "Dog Culture," with practi .d 
chapters on the feeding, kenneling and management of dogs, 
with a chapter on Cats, FREE. 

SPRATT'S PATENT 4S0 Market St. Newark, N.J. 

7US. 4th St., St. Louis, Mo. 
(Am.) Ltd. 1324 Valencia St. S.Francisco,Cal. 

Manufacturers of all kinds of Dog Foods, Medicine & Soap 

B. Bernard 

Buyer of Raw Furs and 
Ginseng Root. 

150 BleeckerSt.. New York. 

Quotations sent on request. 

Sq/utc& gcr&k fA/tO* 

in l month, bring big 
prices. Eager market. Astonishing 

Brotits. Easy for women and invalids, 
tee your spare time profitably. Small 
space and capital. Here is something; 
■ - given in our 
E H')f )K, " How to make money 
.* PLYMOl'IH ROCK 
SQUAB CO., 11 Friend St., Boston. Mass. 





SPOR T S MEN 

Learn to Mount Birds, Animals, 
Heads. Antlers, Tan Furs, Etc. 

\W teach the art of TAX IDT' 
perfectly by nuiil. The khiim" 
►.eit-on i- open 11 ml you will 

eeenre some One trophies. 

i ice in your home 

BEYOUROWNTAXIDERMIST? 

We teach the art - I quickly 

i d by all I 

sporting jour- 
catalog tells all about it, .-i 

WrlM l'«»r «>n«' lo-«la>. 

The Northwestern School of Taxidermy, Inc. 

411* Bcc Building OMAHA, NEB. 




A XICKEL-STEEL 38-35. 

I have what 1 consider the best all 
around rille. It is a 38 55 with nickel 
steel barrel. It shoots black, low pressure 
and high pressure powders with equally 
good results, and is thus adapted to any 
same from squirrels to bear. My gun is 
fitted with the new Savage micrometer 
sights as well as with Lyman sights. 
The 38 famous target rifle, and 

with the new barrel and high pressure 
powder, should prove an unequaled game 
killer. To test its penetration, I placed a 
number of fence rails. 1 to i 1 i inches in 
thickness, side by side. High pressure pow- 
der drove a metal cased bullet through 
inches; low pressure, through -' 1 I 

should like to know if any other read 
Ri ■:» reation has a gun like the one de- 
scribed. 

F. X. Hack, Baltimore, Md. 



T prefer Rfxreation to any sportsman's 
periodical I have seen and I have 
many. Success to your every undertaking. 
I will do all I can to help protect our game 
and birds*. 

T. Wilson Stiles, Merchantville, N. J. 



I heartily endorse Recreation and will 
do all in my power to further its cause. 
J. H. Rule, Basin, Mont. 



"Pigeons and All About Them" 

F. M. GILBERT'S latest work. 264 pages, illustrated— 
strictly up-to-date. The only complete Pigeon Hook pub- 
lished in the last twenty years. Cuts of ail the best-known 
varieties. Standards of all varieties. Tells how to build 
loft, buy, mate, breed, feed, how to ship to customers, how 
to prepare for shows and ship to shows, how to prevent and 
cure disease, tells which are the best breeders and feeders, 
tells best varieties to bleed in a city and which in small 
towns, tells how to mate for color — in fact, it tells just what 
it has taken the author forty-tive years to learn by actual ex- 
perience. Endorsed by all the leading fanciers in America. 
Hundreds of letters praise it. Fourth edition now out. To 
gel it promptly send one dollar to Frank M. dSilbcrt, 
i;v;m>»\ ill<\ 1ml. 



INCREASE YOUR INCOME 

I by learning profitable poultry railing. We successfully 
teach it in all its branches. Seven distinct courses by cor- 
respondence, a so a residence course at ouroO-acre poul- 
try farm. Our faculty are practical poultrymen, who can 
and will make you a successful poultry raiser. Thlsfasci- 

Inating ami profitable business is still In its infancy and 
there are tremendous opportunities for those who bepin 

I NOW. Write to-day for illustrated booklet, fully 

describing our Tarious courses of instruction < OI.IMKIA HClIOOIi 
OF POULTRY < TI/ri KK, ltoxfilO. Wntervllle, N. Y, 




•vrtttr 



JAMES P. BABBITT, 

Importer and Dealer in 

Taxidermists' Nupplios, Bird Skins, Eggs and 

Publications. Ink Well and Thermometer 

Fittings for /loose. Elk, Caribou and Deer 

Feet. Send 5c. for Illustrated catalog. 

BABBITT'S TANNING FLUID 

Will tan anything from ■ squirrel to ■ deerskin with the 

hair 01 l hot tie, by 

mail 1 

10-12 Hodges Ave., Taunton, Mass. 

Mention Recreation. 



RECREATION. 




FAITHFUL DOGS 

AND TWO 

FAITHFUL REMEDIES 

You can't expect lively activity and strength out of a wormy 
dog, any more than strength in a wormy piece of wood. 

Nausea, colic, pains, restlessness, fever, fits — these are all symp- 
toms of worms, all of which disappear with the administration of 

Sergeant's Sure Shot 

50c. per Bottle 

Or take a dog suffering with any ailment common to dogdom 
— Stomach out of order, Cold or Distemper, Fever, Mange -and 
General Debility or Nervousness — he needs something that will cor- 
rect the trouble at once, and then built u'p all the enervated organs. 

The safe, sure thing that will do this are 

Sergeant's Condition Pills 

50c. and $1.00 per Box 

Ask your Druggist for these Dog Remedies, or your Sporting 
^oods man ; if he hasn't them, send us the price, and we'll deliver 
hem post-paid. 

Get our handsome Dog Book and a set of Pedigree Blanks 
free. Send address and 3 cents to cover postage. 

POLK MILLER DRUG CO., Richmond, Va. 



xlii 



RECREATION. 




TAKE TIME BY THE 
FORELOCK 

Order your hunting 
boots now. Don't 
wait till you 
want them. 
Every one 
else will want 

t- -^ >W\-m them tnen ' 

Favorite 1 , 

and we 
ThOmpSOn- ■ \ can't make 

Quhnby ^^\Z^. 

Hunting Boots 
and Moccasins 




Measurement blanks and prices on 
request. Mention RECREATION. 



T. H. GUTHRIE 

33 William St. NEWARK, N. J. 




RRCRBATION. 



xliii 



How is your Muscle? 

"Would you like to build it up ? 

How are your Lungs? 

"Would you like to expand them ? 

How is your Circulation ? 

Would you like to improve that? 

If so, send me 6 yearly subscriptions 

to RECREATION, accompanied by a money 
order for $6, and I will send you a new 

PROFESSIONAL 
PUNCHING BAG 

made by H. D. CRIPPEN, No. 52 Broadway, 
New York and listed at $6.95. 



There is a frame with the bag that you can attach to 
a door casing, a window casing or a wall, or a board 
fence, or anywhere else you may see fit to put it, and 
you will thus have a small gymnasium of your own. 
The Crippen bag is one of the liveliest ever devised, 
and if you will put 20 minutes a day on it, for a month, 
you will find a wonderful improvement in your muscle 
and your health. 

Sample copies of Recreation, for use in canvassing, 
will be mailed free. 

We have a good many rabbits, a few 
squirrels, and fewer quails and grouse. 
Hunters hereabout use ferrets and kill ev- 
ery rabbit they start. I used a 30-30 last 
winter and got about 25. 

R. O. Chester, Climax, Mich. 



"Miss Spinster doesn't grow old very 
fast ; she's been 30 for the past 3 years." 
"Sort of a 30-30 repeater, eh?" 



For Sale: — Good Al Vista Camera. Also 
6%. x 83^ View Camera. Exceedingly 
cheap. Frank Wilson, Box J, Elk Rapids, 

Mich. 




It's in 
the Back Action 

The action that takes the strain off the shoul- 
ders—the buttons— the trousers— the pa- 
tience. Found only in 

PRESIDENT 

Suspenders 

Satisfactory to you or money back from the 
manufacturers. No leather to soil the shirt. 
Buckles cannot rust. At your dealer's or by 
mail, 50c and $ 1.00. 

THE C. A. EDGARTON MFG. CO- 
Box 219 Shirley, Mass. 



Game is scarce in this part of the Cats- 
kills. We have a few rabbits, grouse, and 
red and gray squirrels, also some coons, 
but that is about all. My father owns land 
here on which he has over 60 tame Ger- 
man and Tuxedo deer. They multiply rap- 
idly. 

Jerry Zweighaft, Haines Falls, N. Y. 



Game is plentiful here. I go out when I 
have time and get 4 or 5 ducks or prairie 
chickens. There are lots of moose, elk, 
deer and bear in Duck mountains, North 
of here, and in Riding mountains, West. 
A. W. Brosseau, Grand View, Man. 



MATTHEW I. FOX 



1 1 23 BROADWAY 

Madisoh Square and 25th Street 



TAILOR AND IMPORTER 

I refer by permission to the editor of Recreation 



xiiv KFa RkATU 



Going 
Fishing? 

Well fixed for rods? If not, 
send me $ yearly subscriptions to 

RECREATION 

and get a Bristol Steel Rod — 
any one listing at $6.00 or less. 

Everybody knows what a Bristol 
Steel Rod is. It is equal in 
strength, durability, suppleness, 
and all the other good qualities to a 
split bamboo rod costing $20. 



This is ^l great opportunity 
aLnd holds good only SIXTY 
da^ys. 



Sample Copies of Recreation 
for use in canvassing fur- 
nished on application. 



RECREATION. 



xlv 



IDEAL s PAPER SHOT SHELLTRIMMER 

SOMETHING NEW. 

With it you can cut off the soft and 
frayed ends of shells that have been 
fired and they will be as good as 
new. Why throw good shells 
away ? Send us 6 cents in stamps for 
latest IDEAL HAND BOOK, 
giving full information of all New 
Goods and much matter of interest 
to shooters. Address, 

, IDEAL MANUF'G CO., 12 U St., NewHaven.Conn,, U.S.A. 

THE PHIL. B. BEKEART CO., of San Francisco, Cal., Agents for Pacific Coast. 

When you write please mention Recreation. 




I have found the Savage .303 accurate, 
safe and reliable. The smashing power of 
the .303, when using soft nose or expensive 
bullets, is wonderful. Game will not get 
away if struck in any vital spot, as the 
shock seems to paralyze a deer instantly. I 
have never had the slighest trouble in any 
wa\ with either of the 2 Savage rifles I 
have owned, and would not wish anything 
better in any way. 

F. R. Barber, Warrens, Wis. 




"Collan-Oil" 

preserves leather and 
renders shoes and 
harness positively 

WATERPROOF 

Used by the U. S, 

the Army and Navy 

and National Guard. 

Send 25c. for trial can. 

AGENTS WANTED 

Write for terms and circulars 

]. R. BUCKELEW 
Dept. A. m Chambers St., N. Y. 




INDIAN 

CURIOS 

'Wholksat.k A Retail 
Cckio Dkai.kks' 
bcpplt i)kfot. 
Bead Work, BaBkets, Elk Teeth, Mexican 
Goods, Beads, Fossils, Minerals, Arrow- 
Heads, Pottery, AUska Ivories, Shells, 
Agates, Photos, Great Stock, Bi i Cata. 5c, 
stamps. Mention Recreation. It a dealer 
say so. L. W. STILWELL, 

Deadwoid Bo. Dakota 




Practical Common Sense 
in 6 Sizes. 




CAMP 
STOVE 



Either with or 
without oven. The 
lightest, strongest, 
most compact, prac- 
tical stove made. 
Cast combination 
sheet s tee 1 top, 
smooth outside, 
heavy lining in fire 
box and around oven, holds its shape, telescopic pipe 
carried inside the 6tove. Burns larger wood and keeps 
fire longer than any other. Used by over 9,000 campers 
and only one stove returned . 

For catalogue giving lull particulars, mention Rec- 
reation and address, 

D. W. CREE, Manufacturer, Griggsville, III. 



Newhouse Traps 




THE STANDARD 



OVER FIFTY YEARS 



Used by all professional hunters and trappers, 
who find that 

The Best Trap is the Cheapest 

Complete illustrated catalogue on 
application. 

ONEIDA COMMUNITY, LTD., Kenwood, N. Y. 



KOENIG'S SHELL EXTRACTOR. 

Every shooter should 

have one — carry it in a 

vest pocket. Fits any 

gauge shell. Koeni^'s 

10 Cts. Postpaid. (iun Catalogue, Tree. 

E.G.KOENIG. NEVA/JERSEY** LARGE8TGUN HOUSE 

south broad st., Newark, N.J. 




ANTI-RUST WICK PLUGS AT REDUCED PRICES 

Arms fitted with Wick Plugs can not Pit or Rust 

REDUCED PRICES 

Shot Gun, per pair, $1.00 postpaid 

Shot Gun. p r Plug, .50 postpaid 

Rules, per Plug, .50 postpaid 

Give gauge and length of barrel 




HEMM & WOODWARD, Sidney, 0. 

Write for Circulars. Mention Rbcrhatiom 



xlvi 



RECREATION. 




It Still Leads 
Them All 

lor 

Light Recoil 

Great Penetration 

Even Pattern 



Robin Hood 
Powder 




COMET 
and 
ROBIN HOOD 
LOADED SHELLS 

MANUFACTURED BY 

The Robin Hood Powder Co. 

Swanton, Vt. 




Shooting Jacket 

$3.00 

GUARANTEED all wool, seamlesi, elastic, 
close fitting, but not binding, comfortable 
and convenient, Designed especially for 
duck shooters, trap shooters, etc., but suitable for 
all out-door purposes. Must be seen to be appre- 
ciated. Made only in two colors— dead grass and 
Oxford Gray. 

Send us your address for one of our 
Gun Catalogs 

The H. H. KIFFE CO., 523 Broadway, N. Y. 



[TRADE 
MARK] 



The Ideal Lubricant and Rust-Preventive 



Keep up with the times and in this New-Year try something "NEW" and •• BEST OF ALL." 
It is colorless and you can use it anywhere on your gun or rifle. Manufactured of the purest 

chemicals, it meets a demand and need. Far supt ior to any oil or vaseline. It is specific for 

cleaning rifles and guns after using nitro-powder as well as black. Will prevent RUST. 

Its peculiar substance makes it the finest of LUBRICANTS for the mechanism. Put up in a 

neat tube with an injector, and is handy to carry in your pocket. Postpaid sample, 15 cents. 

CEDAROLEVM CO. Mention Recreation. PERKINSVILLE. VT- 

BR AJDLE Y'S AN TI-RUST ROPEsT 

For SHOT GUNS, RIFLES and REVOLVERS. They cannot 
rust or pit if these ropes are used. No more worrying to keep your 
fire arms in perfect condition. Sent postpaid, $1 per set for Shot 
Guns; 50c. for Rifles; 25c. for Revolvers. Give gauge and length of 
barrel. Send for circular giving full particulars. 

BRADLEY'S SHOT GUN SIGHT 

Makes wing shooting easy and certain. Scores greatly increased 
at trap and in field. Instantly attachable and detachable. Price, 
post-paid, 50 cents. Send for circular. 

Address C. L. BRADLEY, Ckarksvillh, Tbnnessee. 
Mention RECREATION. 




THE flALCOLH RIFLE TELESCOPE 





Modern Hunting and Target Scopes from 3-power 
up. With our improved mountings the Scope lies close to the barrel. Our 
•'Rough Rider" of 3-power is an ideal hunting glass. Our •« Bulls Eye" at 5 to 
8-power is perfection itself for both hunting and target purposes. 

SEND FOR JQ03 CATALOGUE 
Mention Recreation. 

THE MALCOLM RIFLE TELESCOPE MFG. CO. 



Established 1857 



F. T. CORNISH, Mgr. 



SYRACUSE, N. Y.. U. S. A. 



RECREATION. 



xlvii 







Art Catalog 




CONTAINS 



Photographs and Descriptions 
Sixteen Guns 

ABOVE, CUTS SHOW 

No. 3, List Price, $80.00 
No. 2, List Price, 60.00 



WRITE FOR SPECIAL PRICKS 
MENTION R ECREA TION 

Ithaca Gun Company 

ITHACA, J* E w y o n K 



xlviii 



RECREATION. 



Winter Is Coming 

GET A PAIR OF SKATES 

For yourself, your best girl or your brother, or for some other 
girl's brother, or for any one you love, and who is fond of skating 



LADIES' LOCK LEVER 




GHADE 3 




For 5 Yearly Subscriptions to RECREATION 

I WILL SEND YOU 

A Pair of Lock Lever Skates 



OR 



A Pair of Ladies* Lock Lever Skates 

Grade 3, made by Barney & Berry, Springfield, Mass. 

LOCK LEVER 




As every skater knows, these are the best skates made in the world. 
The winter season is approaching, and you could scarcely select a more 
appropriate present 

FOR A MAN, OR A WOMAN, 

A BOY OR A GIRL 

than a p?.ir of these high -grade skates. Only a limited stock on hand, and 
when these are gone thi.^ offer will be withdrawn. 

Sample copies of RECREATION for use in canvassing 
furnished on application. 



RECREATION. 



xlix 



ONE 0F THE 9 

SYRACUSE 

Built for Business. 



a 



99 




COPYRIGHTED 1903 SYRACUSE ARMS CO, 

This picture shows the result of a 

SINGLE SHOT from a SYRACUSE 



16 GAUGE 



THREES OF THIS KIND ARE HARD TO BEAT 



Write for a 
Syracuse 

CAT. 






SYRACUSE: 

ARMS CO. 

SYRACUSE. N. Y. 



Mention Recreation. 



RECREATION. 



Wolf Smokeless 

A New Semi-Bulk Powder 

EASY TO LOAD 




On Receipt of 75 cents 

We will send a sample 
can, containing 120 
loads, sent by express 
prepaid to any part 
of the United States 
East of the Rockies. 



SCHOVERLING, DALY & GALES 

302-304 Broadway NEW YORK 



DAVENPORT^^^ 

1904 MODELS. 



Uhe Product ions o_f 
ox)er SO yEAHS r of 

Practical Experience. 



Catalogue 
Free 




Mention 
Recreation 



The W. H. Davenport Fire Arms Co., Norwich, Ct. 



We make a specialty of Featherweights 

and Trap Guns with our new 

5INGLE TRIGGER 




Send stamp 
for 1903 Catalogue 
Mention Reck ration 



LEFEVER SONS & CO., 



Manufacturers of the 
Not connected with L< s Co. 



'NEW LEFEVER" 

SYRACUSE, N. Y. 



Guaranteed 
Perfect 

Our Hew 
Perfect 
Gun Cleaner 
By Mail, 
30 Cents 



RECREATION. 



li 



fH. & R. SINGLE SHOT GUN 
^/Ixitomatic and flf on- Ejecting 
F 
A 



The cheapest absolutely safe gun, with improve- 
ments found heretofore only in the highest priced. 



PERFECT IN MODEL 
AND CONSTRUCTION 



SIMPLEST « TAKE 
DOWN" GUN MADE 



- 




12, 16 and 20 gauge; barrels 28, 30 and 32 
inch, plain steel and twist. Top snap; center ham- 
mer ; rebounding lock. 

Your dealer can supply, or we will 
sell to you direct. Write for Catalog. 

HARRINGTON & RICHARDSON ARMS CO. 

Dept. R, WORCESTER, MASS. 
Makers of H. S3L *R. *Re-d others 




Recreation is not only the best sports- 
men's magazine for the money, but covers 
fully 5 times the ground of any other I 
have been able to find. 

C. B. Shiffer, Tilton, N. H. 



Ice cream he bought his darling, 
And she ate, and ate, and ate ; 

Till at last her heart she gave him, 
To make room for one more plate. 
— Harvard Lampoon. 



The grouse season opens August 15. 
Fine shooting is anticipated by the local 
sportsmen, as large numbers of grouse are 
to be seen on the mountains. The new 
game law requiring a license to hunt or fish 
is meeting with good success and proves a 
remarkable barrier to market hunters by 
its limitations. Taken altogether Idaho 
furnishes as fine fishing and shooting 
grounds as can be found anywhere. 

R. L. Brainard, Wardner, Idaho. 



THE 



PARKER 

AUTOMATIC 
EJECTOR 




The Latest attachment to 

The "OLD 
RELIABLE " 



Hew York Salesroom, Send for Catalogue. PARKER BROS., 
32 WARREH ST. Mention Rrcrbation. Merlden, Conn. 



Ill 



RECREATION. 



A Holiday Present 

FOR YOUR WIFE 
YOUR HOTHER 
YOUR SISTER 
OR YOUR BEST GIRL 

For 25 Yearly Subscriptions to RECREATION 

I will send you a set of 

1 DISH AND 12 TOMATO PLATES 

made by HIGGINS & SEITER, 50 W. 22d St., N. Y. 
LISTED AT $19.50 

AND 

For 20 Yearly Subscriptions to RECREATION 

I will send you a set of 

12 Watermelon Plates 




Listed at 



$16.50 



[See Illustration] 



HPHESE are fine, thin, white 
china plates, beautifully hand 



painted, with pictures of tomatoes 
and tomato vines, or watermelons 
and watermelon vines, in natural 
colors, and each set of plates is 
enclosed in a case made in an 
exact imitation of a large tomato 
or a watermelon. 

No more beautiful or appro- 
priate present could possibly be 
found for a lady than one of these sets. 

You can earn one of them in a few hours, and at the 
same time earn the everlasting gratitude of the lady to whom 
you may give it. 

Send for package of sample copies for use in canvassing. 



RECREATION. 



liii 



Book \ on Dyspepsia 
Book 2 on the Heart 
Book 3 on the Kidneys 
Book 4 for Women 
Book 5 for Men (sealed) 
Book 6 on Rheumatism 

Six Books 
For The Sick 



Learn How to Get Well 



The book will tell you 
How to get well at my risk. 

Just ask me for the book. 

Don't send a penny. Let me take the risk. 



As a physician— a specialist — I tempt you to try my prescription, Dr. Shoop's Re- 
storative. I say "tempt" you, because to a sick one it must be a temptation — tne 
offer I make. You cannot well resist it. How could I better show my faith than 
by saying "take the Restorative a month at my risk."? 



Which Book 
Shall I Send ? 





My way to help is certain. 

Is so certain, at least, that the expense is mine, not 
yours, if it fails. 

Tell me in strictest confidence about your ailment. 
I will advise you. I will tell you of a druggist near 
you who will let you have six bottles 

Dr. Snoop* s Restorative 

A Month At My Risk. 

If I succeed you pay $5 50; 

If you say to the druggist "it did not help me," he 
will bill the cost to me. I will tell him to do so. 

But you will not say that You will be glad to say 
what thousands are saying of Dr. Shoop's Restorative. 



James Knowles, Wilmington, Delaware, writes: 

•'Brights Disease laid me on my back Oct. 12, 1902. Water 
flowed out through my slippers through a thousand breaks 
in the skin 

The tension from dropsy caused the skin to break every- 
where. 

All physicians pronounced my case hopeless. Then I 
learned of Dr. Shoop's Restorative. After six bottles I began 
to feel better. The swelling began to subside. Fifteen 
bottles completely cured me. I have not been so well in 
twenty-five years. I am sixty-six years of age. I considered 
this medicine, coming into my hands, as a direct and over- 
ruling providence of that great God in whom I believe and 
place my trust. My physicians were astonished. My pen 
is ever ready to urge the use of Dr. Shoop's Restorative." 

Physicians "shake their heads" when called 
to a case like Mr. Knowles. 

To-morrow never comes; write me to-day. 



J. N. Renfroe, 46 Granger St., Atlanta, Ga. ( 
writes: 

"New York specialists pumped my stomach. Called it 
acid catarrh of the stomach. Treated me two years and failed, 
six bottles Dr. Shoop's Restorative at the Jacob 
Pharmacy, Atlanta. 

It was to cost me nothing if it failed. After four bottles, 
then came the change. 

After six bottles I was eating most anything I desired. I 
am wall now. 

<-psia nervousness gone. Use my letter privately or 
publicly, for I feel that this is as little as I can do to show 
my gratitude for the results you have brought in my case." 

He used my Restorative because I took the 
risk. I make this same offer to you. 

Say which book and address 
me Box 4214, Racine, Wis. 



liv 



RECREATION. 






Touring 
Cars 




are simple in construction, 

powerful in operation; they are built to run smoothly, to ride easily. 

Model "H," here illustrated, 81 inch wheelbase, four elliptic springs, de- 
tachable tonneau, brass side lamps and horn, $850.00 at the factory. 

For a light Touring Car, Model "H" has no equal at the price, and few- 
equals at double the price. 

Rambler Cars are made in six different models, $750.00 to $1350.00. 

Shall we mail you our new catalog, illustrating each 
style and showing why you should buy a Rambler? 

Thomas B. Jeffery Sr Co., Kenosha, Wis., U. S. A. 

Chicago Branch, J^4 Wabash Jive. Boston Branch, 145 Columbus Jive* 






Left From Our FIR.E SALE. A few 



High Grade Hammerless ^^"^^J 

Scott, Greener 



LANG and others 

12, 16 and 20 Bores. Trap and some very light weights. 



26. 28 and 30 inch 



which we are closing out at Greatly Red viced Prices— BARGAINS. 

List with full description mailed on receipt ot 2 stamps. 



Also o. lot of AMERICAN HAMMERLESS DOUBLE 
GUNS, pistol stock, through cross bolt, all improvem 
twist ba-rrels, 28 svrvd 30 inch, 12 bore, closing ovi 



~ $19.50 each 



;ire entirely new, and bargains. 



y& Send 2 stamps for full list. 



Mention RECREATION 



Also 



demand at 
s season 



; Special Swedish Leather Jackets ; n J 

REDUCED PRICES IN A 

Double Breech Loading Hammer Guns $ 8, $ 10, $ 12 



WM. READ 6. SONS, 107 Washington Street, Boston 

ESTABLISHED 1826 Send 2 Stamps for Lists 




In Twice 
Its Length 






That the ample power of the Cadillac Automobile 
is under absolute control at all times is shown in this 
actual test of stopping the car in a distance equal to twice 
its length, while running at an eighteen-mile rate. This may be 
done with some machines that cost more than twice 
as much. The Cadillac— at several hundred 
dollars less price— has all other 
desirable features of the 
costly c^rs. 
The 



> 



engine is very 
compact and powerful ; 
transmission gear a triumph of 
mechanics; the steering wheel very sensi- 
tive; the brakes reliable under all conditions of 
grade and speed ; strong and rigid framework ; flexible 
gear ; wonderful durability. Speed range 4 to 30 miles an hour ; 
graceful design ; handsome in finish and appointments. 1904 model 
with Detachable Tonneau seating lour, facing forward, $850. Without tonneau, 
the smartest of Runabouts, $750. Our free illustrated booklet K gives address of 
agency nearest you where the Cadillac may be seen and tried. 

CADILLAC AUTOMOBILE COMPANY, Detroit. Mich. 

Member Association of Licensed Automobile Manufacture 



*".......„,., .„.., , „.„„.„„„„„„, t „.,„ ,„,„„„. „„>* 



CHARLES FRANCIS PRESS, NEW YORK 




SAVAGE 



RIFLES 



"Rifle cranks" and discriminating 
sportsmen already have our catalogue. 
Most of them have our rifles. We 
should like very much indeed to mail 
you catalogue (> — that is if you are at 
all interested in tire-arms. 



Correspondence solicited. 

SAVAGE ARMS COMPANY, 

Utlco,. N. Y. 

Baker & Hamilton, Pacific Coast Agt* 

. Cal. 



The Stuff 
that brains 
are made 



- of 




No Member of your Family 

should be without an Individual Stick of 





HelieveS 

s ub h skim. 

ffipNG. 

ri SECT B1TES - 
JUIUINSl 
^CKtY HEAT. 

SUNBUiw. 

S«NS* SCALDS. 
2^5 8 BRUISES. 

s8, MES * 
SELLINGS. 

Rafter Shaving. 
J^V Treatment 



f 






(10? POCKET TINS.) 

Relieves Colds, Rough Skin, 

Bruis es. Soren ess tfi 
ALL DRUGGISTS, 



OR BY MAIL 
ON RECEIPT OF PRICE 
IN SILVER OR STAMPS. 




863 BROADWAY, HX 






vose 



PIANOS 



have been established over 50 YEARS. Byoor^j 
t payments every family in moderate cir 

stances can own a VOSE piano. We take old ' 
ments in exchange and deliver the new piano in your home free of 
Write for catalogue D and explanations. 

VOSE & SONS PIANO CO.. 1*0 RnvUtrm «t ftnctnn J 



r ouriyi 
circuit 
d instnl 

3 



1904 



VOLUMB XX. 
NUMBER 2 



FEBRUARY, 1904 



I 




Z 

O 

a. 
m 

z 

< 

£ 



o 

QJ 

D 
O 
< 

-J 

m 

E 

U. 
O 

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q 
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o 



SEVEN PRIZE WINNING PHOTOGRAPHS REPRODUCED 

IN THIS ISSUE. 




Oldsmobile 

Standard 

Runabout 

(Curved dash) 

Price $650 

Oldsmobile 
French type 
Runabout 
Price $750 



Oldsmobile 

Touring Car 

Price $850 

Oldsmobile 

Touring Car 

with Tonneau 

Price $950 



Experimental cars come and go, but the 
hand of time has long since set his seal of ap- 
proval on the Oldsmobile. 

The history of automobile manufacture in America 
has centered cround our factory, from the time we pro- 
duced our first gasoline Runabout over 16 years ago. 

Oldsmobile 

Runabouts and Touring Cars 

represent the highest type of automobile penection, 
and are known in every corner of the world. 

For economizing time, the Cldsmobile is not only 
the best thing on wheels, but the best thing on earth. 
In the English Reliability Runs, held 
Sept. 18-26, 1903, the Oldsmobile 
took first and second prizes in 4 
Class A. No other awards 
in this class were made y 

although it met in com- 
petition with the most 
noted machines of 
European 1 ' and 
American build. / 



w, =.- A 



For more information about the Oldsmobile line, see cur nearest Selling Agent, or write Department 83 

Olds Motor Works, Detroit, 



Merr-ber of the Association of Licensed Automobile Manufacturers 



RECREATION 

Copyright, December, 1903, by G. O. Shields 
A Monthly Magazine Devoted to Everything the Name Implies 



$1.00 a Year. 

10 Cents a Copy 



G. O. SHIELDS (COQUINA), 
Editor and Manager. 



23 West 24TH Street, 

New York 



CONTENTS OF THIS NUMBER 



PAGE. 



Imagine the Thrill of Jumping Over Stumps, Rooks and Other Obstacles on a Narrow Trail! Frontispiece 

Hunting White Goats in the Selkirks Eleanor Schavo.r 85 

Photographing in the Canadian Rockies. Illustrated G. O. Shields 

The True Story of the Nez Perce War H.B. Norton 

Pishing. Poem Emma G. Curtis 

A Pioneer's Adventure A. A. Briggs 

The Enchanters. Poem George E. Winkler 

Down the Arbuckle River F. W. Porter 

Antoine's Cat E. W. Parker 

Take Us Afar. Poem Jeannette Campbell 

A Pioneer Reminiscence — Miss M. L. Sutton 

Buffalo Hunting in Kansas Stubb 

The Haunted Mountain — Moses Thompson, Jr. 

The Pawnee Uprising 0*1859 Howard W. Bell 

Hiawatha. Poem Jabox 

The Hudson Bay Company S. A. Paddock 

Veneered Human Nature Grant Wallace 

Sea Trout Galore ^ Gold Dust 

An Impson Valley Fox Hunt R. J. Long 

A Master of Theory G. A. Mack 

From the Game Fields 127 Forestry 



Fish and Fishing 133 

Guns and Ammunition 137 

Natural History 143 

The League of American Sportsmen 147 



Pure and Impure Foods- 
Publisher's Notes 

Editor's Corner. 

Amateur Photography- 



89 

99 
101 
103 
104 
105 
107 
k8 
109 
in 
"3 
"5 
117 
118 
120 

122 

125 

151 

IS4 
157 
160 
166 



Entered as Second-Class Matter at New York Post Office, Oct. 17, 1894. 



ALL MEN 

WOULD USE 
WASHBURNE'S 

PATENT IMPROVED 

Cuff Holders 

if they knew of their wonderful utility and 
comfort. Instantly attached or detached. 
Tin- Little Fastener with » Hull. 

Dok <»ril>, as applied to 

Cuffholders 20 cents ) 

Key chain and ring ... . Sent post paid 

Scarf holders 10 cents ) 

Also 2 other useful 
Doveltiei fully 1 

scribed in illustrated 
catalog. 

Sent free on request. 

Sold eTerjnhere. 

American Ding Co., Dcpt. 44, Waterbvry, Conn. 




Sore Throat 

Hoarseness, Quinsy, Tonsillitis 

Laryngitis and other throat 

troubles quickly relieved 

and promptly cured 

by the use of 

Hydrozone 

This scientific germicide is used and en- 
dorsed by leading physicians everywhere* 
It is absolutely harmless, yet a most 

powerful healing agent. 

By killing the germs that cause these dis- 
eases, without injury t<> the tissue, llydro- 
zone cures the patient. Sold by leading 
druggists. If not at yours, will send bottle, 
prepaid, on receipt of 25 cents. 



<k 




L^I^juu^^cuuJCq^ 






F— 59 Prince Street, 



NEW YORK 



1' K 1 E. — Valuable Booklet on How to Treat Diseases. 



ii RECREATION. 



Camping Out 



Camping may be pleasant, or disagreeable 
or dangerous. The equipment has much to 
do with it. Expense may be large and re- 
sults unsatisfactory, or small with good results. 
The H Know-how" — what to take, what to 
leave — has most to do in insuring the com- 
fort, pleasure and safety of an outing expedi- 
tion, be it to explore untraveled mountains, 
or to find the north pole, or just to spend a 
month in the woods. 

Our business is to " Know-how." Our 
success leads us to believe that we have learned 
our business. 

We manufacture and sell everything for outfitting 
camping parties. Let us send our Catalogue R, or better 
still, call on us, if you contemplate " smelling burning 
wood" before an open tent in the shadow of the woods. 

ABERCROHBIE & FITCH 

314-316 Broadway, New York 



RECREATIOX. 



in 






L 









,r)-' 



\tr 



MANUFACTURING 

jJ^^^bSk* ^*S4*~ 0m 'l COMPANY 

Famous Chainless Bicycles 

Equipped with, two-speed £ear, coaster brake, and cushion frame 

and All Standard Chain Models 



Eastern Department, Hartford, Conn. 

"Columbia" ••Cleveland" 
••Tribune" "Crawford" 

Catalogues free at our 10,000 dealers' stores, or any one Catalogue mailed on receipt of a rwo-cent stamp. 



Western Department, Chicago, 111. 

••Crescent" ••Rambler" 
••Monarch" ••ImperiaLl" 



RECREATION. 



Fishing 



On line of the 

Bangor & Aroostook 

Railroad 

For Trout, Togvie, 
Landlocked 
Salmon, 
Pickerel, Perch, 
a.nd Gamey 
Black Bass 

You will fall to know what "good 
sport w really is until you fish in the 
waters of NORTHERN MAINE. 
Season opens early in May. 



Camping 

On line of the 

Bangor & Aroostook 
Railroad 

In the Woods 
of MAINE. 



Take a CAMPING TRIP in the 
Maine woods and enjoy a new 
sensation. 

Enjoy the fishing and canoeing as 
well. Through Pullman Parlor and 
Sleeping Cars from Boston during 
summer and fall. 



Canoeing 

On line of the 

Bangor & Aroostook 
Railroad 

In Northern 
MAINE is 
IDEAL. 



West Branch Trip, 80 miles 

Allagash Trip, 203 miles 

East Branch Trip, J 18 miles 

Van Buren Circuit, \ 1 \ miles 

Allagash Lake Trip, 99 miles 

Pine Ponds Trip, 27 miles 

St. John Trip, 231 miles 



G\iide Book 

" In the Maine 
Woods." 

Published by the 

Bangor & Aroostook 

Railroad 

Entirely new for 1904. Ready in 
April. Book of 175 pages, finely 
illustrated by over 100 half-tone cuts 
of scenery, live game, etc., and with 
several pages in color. Describes the 
fishing, hunting, camping, canoe trips, 
and life in the Big Maine Woods. 

Copy Mailed for 10c. in Stamps. 

Address: GEO. M. HOUGHTON. 

Traffic Ma.rva.ger. 

Bangor, Maine. 

Mention Recreation. 



RECREATION. 



PINEHURST 

NORTH CAROLINA 

(FOUNDED BY JAMES W. TUFTS) 

The HEALTHIEST and MOST 
PERFECT RESORT in the SOUTH 



Four Splendid 

Hotels 
Fifty Cottages 



Two Excellent 
Golf Courses 



PINEHURST is in the center of the sandy LONG LEAF PINE REGION 

and enjoys a climate which offers a happy medium between the enervating 
qualities of the extreme South and the rigorous winter of the North. 

THE HOTELS OF. PINEHURST are all under one management and 
vary in rates from $12.00 per week up. Cottages rented by the season. 

THE GOLF COURSES are, by common accord, the best in the South, the 
annual North and South Championship Tournament being held at Pinehurst 
every year. Golf, shooting and tennis tournaments weekly. 

2.1,000- ACRE SHOOTING PRESERVE. Fine livery, equipped with 
saddle horses, horseback riding being one of the features of Pinehurst. 

PREPARATORY SCHOOL under direction of Prof. Aldice G. Warren. 

PINEHURST is a private estate about ten miles square, ranking among the 
leading properties in the South in size and attractiveness. It has an altitude 
of about 1,000 feet above sea level. Among its many natural charms is the 
large percentage of bright, sunny days and its freedom from damp, pene- 
trating winds. 

PINEHURST is the only resort in America from which consumptives 
are absolutely excluded. 

Through Pullman service. One 
night out from New York, Boston 
and Cincinnati, via Seaboard Air 
Line or Southern Railway. 

Send for beautiful pam- 
phlet, " Pinehurst," vr 
" The Game at Pine- 
hurst," or both. 

Address 

PINEHURST 

GENERAL 

OFFICE 

Pinehurst, 
N. C. 

LEONARD 
TUFTS 

Owner 
Boston, Mass. 



vi RECREATION. 



Decorate Your Den 

With a set of the most beautiful 

Hunting and Fishing Pictures 

ever made. 
15 Plates. Size for Framing, 18x24 inches 

SUBJECTS : 

ELK HUNTING, SALMON FISHING, 

MOOSE HUNTING, TROUT FISHING, 

HY. SANDHAM. 



MALLARD SHOOTING, 

BLACK BASS FISHING, 

C. E. DENTON. 



TARPON FISHING, BLUE FISHING, 

FRED. S. COZZENS. 



ANTELOPE HUNTING, 

GOOSE SHOOTING, 

FRED. REMINGTON. 



GROUSE SHOOTING, 

WILD TURKEY HUNTING, 

R. F. ZOGBAUM. 



MUSKALONGE FISHING, 

F. H. TAYLOR. 



DEER HUNTING, 

A. B. FROST. 



ROCKY MOUNTAIN SHEEP HUNTING, 

E. KNOBEL. 

These 15 plates are lithographed in the true colors of nature and altogether 
make one of the finest series of pictures of outdoor sports ever published 

ORIGINALLY ISSUED AT $50 A SET. 

I have bought the last of them and can furnish a complete set for 15 yearly 
subscriptions to RECEEATION. 

Or will sell at $10 a set. 
Address, RECREATION, 23 West 24th Street, New York City. 



RECREATION. 



VI 1 



MS 



;?v.-_ 



m 



x^y 



From Puppyhood to Doghood 

A dog is subject to many ills, liable to various diseases. Sickness 
attacks the average dog as often and in much the same way as it attacks 
the average man. He contracts a cold from exposure or sudden changes 
in the weather, which, if not cured, is liable to develop distemper. Some- 
times, from over-eating or improper diet, his digestive organs become 
deranged, he suffers from indigestion, constipation and biliousness. The 
various ills that assail dogs, each has its counterpart in human maladies. 

The one great, over-towering remedy of the dog world, the medicine 
that cures nearly all canine ills, is 

Sergeant's Condition Pills 

This remarkable medicine has been the means of saving more dogs' 
lives than any other remedy on the market. It cures indigestion, nervous- 
ness, general debility, insomnia, meanness, mange, distemper, chills and 
fever, and other diseases common to dogs. It is a tonic and alterative, 
puts the entire system in good shape, creates appetite, gives strength, life, 
and vim. 

Large box, $1.00; small, $.50 

On sale at druggists and sporting goods dealers, or sent postpaid to 
any address upon receipt of price. 

Sergeant's 5ure Shot 
Destroys Worms 

When you see a full grown dog with a dead-looking coat of hair, 
coagulated matter around the eyes, dull, sleepy look, lazy gait, and an 
appetite which no amount of feeding will satisfy — that dog is wormy. 

Worms in puppies produce nausea, colic, pains, restlessness, feverish- 
ness and fits, stunt the growth, and in the majority of cases, if not destroyed, 
soon kill the puppy. Sergeant's Sure Shot is a sure destroyer of all 
canine worms. In thousands of cases it has been successful, and not once 
has it failed. It is quick, sure and harmless. 

Price, $.50, postpaid to any address 

Send 3 cents for postage and we will send you our handsome Dog 
Book and a Pedigree Blank, free. Write to-day. We will send any of 
our dog remedies on receipt of price, if your druggist cannot supply you. 

POLK MILLER DRUG CO., RICHMOND, VA. 



Vlll 



RECREATh 



For Hunters, Anglers, Prospectors, Ranchmen, 



The Press Button Knife 

IS THE THING. 

A single pressure of the button opens it. It locks open, cannot 
close on the fingers, saves the tinker nails, has 2 blades band-forged 
from Wardlow's best English steel, and is in every respect as good 
a knife as can be made. Ladies' and Gentlemen's sizes in Stag 
Shell or Ivory handles, including moisture-proof Chamois case 
securely mailed to any address for 75 CENTS, 

Send lor catalogue K for description and prices of other styles. 

THE 

NOVELTY 
KNIFE CO. 



426 East 52c! Street, 

NEW YORK. 



And all others who go 
into the Woods or Hills 

Our 5-inch Press Button Hunt- 
ing Knife can not be excelled. 
Can be opened with one hand, 
and will not open or close acci- 
dentally. 

Handsome Stag; Handle 

Price, One Dollar 







u 



K 



Southern 

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J'RIV' IPAL 
ClTIKS AND 

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"Where every prospect pleases. 



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POINTS 

OF EXCELLENCE. 



Leaving the center of the city from which 
you start ; reaching the center of the city of 
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beside running waters most of the way ; 
through the centers of population to the gate- 
ways of commerce ; when you travel by the 



NEW YORK CENTRAL LINES 



A copy of the c-> page Illustrated Catalogue 
of the "Four Track Series" will be sent free 
upon receipt of a two-cent stamp by George II. 
Daniels, General Passenger Agent, New York 
il Hi Hudson River Railroad, Grand 
Central Station, New York. 



RECREATIOX. 



IX 




^GGIN^ITEIfc 



Fine 
China. 



Rich C\it 
Glass 



If you would like to be thoroughly well 
informed as to 

CHIJVA and GLASS 1 

with a view to obtaining it from the 
largest collection in the world, at 

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send for our Catalogue 14U, carrying 
more than a thousand illustrations. 
"Serving a Dinner," an elegant bro- 
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interested. 



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with roofing kit in each roll. 
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quired when first laid. 

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Makers 
EAST WALPOLrE, MASS. 

New York Washington Chicago 



COLUMBIA 

Typewriter 




THE ideal machine for operauns, be- 
cause all its writing is at all times 
'Visible, and because it is the 
Specialist in automatic movements. 

Many operations necessarily manual on other 
typewriters are entirely automatic on the 
Columbia. It is the labor saver among 
Typewriters. 

THE COLUMBIA TYPEWRITER MFG. CO. 

JJ WEST llblh STREET 
NEW YORK CITY. N. Y. 



xii RIlCRI-.-lTIOX. 



Rare and Valuable Books 

I have for sale a few bound copies of Vol. Ill of Recrea- 
tion, July to December, inclusive 1895; a ^ so °f Vols. IV and 
V. including the entire issues of 1896; Vols. VII, VIII, 
XII, XIII, XVI, XVII, and XVIII. All these are filled with 
interesting and valuable matter. The intervening volumes, are 
nearly all out of print, and can never be replaced at any time. 

VoL III sells at $2. 

Vols* IV and V, one book t at $3* 

All others $2 each* 

Here are a few titles that will suggest the value of these rare books, to 

lovers of fields and sports : 

The San Juan Islands Maj. John Brooke, U.S.A. 

The Lord Eagle of the Storm Chief Simon Pokagon. 

The Cowboy and the Wheel James B. Adams 

Two Moose and Three Bear Dr. Hamilton Vreeland 

Hunting Big Game with a Camera George Shiras, 3d 

The Fight on Soppa Creek Capt. Wheeler, U.S.A. 

My Best Shot Hon. W.A. Richards, ex-Gov. of Wyo. 

A Prairie Pastoral E. L. Kellogg 

Woodcock on the Islands F. W. G. Johnson 

Crossing the Rockies in '6i Major W. H. Schieffelin 

Salmon Fishing in Labrador Col. Charles E. Fuller 

Coursing with Greyhound L. F. Bartels 

A Bald-Faced Grizzly in Camp M. W. Miner 

A Deer Drive with Spokane Indians Lieut. W. R. Abercrombie 

Pheasant Shooting Thomas G. Farrell 

Sitting Bull's Last Medicine Margaret G. Brooks 

A Mountain Lion Hunt . . . . r Dr. Robert Meade Smith 

Trouting on Clark's Fork Gen. F. W. Benteen, U.S.A. 

A Youthful Guide and a Prize Bighorn Hon. I. N. Hibbs 

The First Day of the Chicken Season A. B. Cowie 

le Shooting in Colorado W. E. King 

The Cowboy's Version of the Prodigal Son Pony Bill 

Trouting on the Thunder A. D. Curtis 

A Bad Grizzly George W. Kellogg 

My Wife's Moose W. E. Bemis 

How We Photographed the Wild Cat Coyote Bill 

Elkland Ernest Seton-Thompson 

Hunting Mountain Sheep in a Snowstorm Capt. S. A. Lawson 

Grouse in New Hampshire Old Bill 

Foxes in the Big Swamp C. P. Franklin 

On the Chilkat Pass ILL. Suydam 

A Rangeley Vacation C. J. Halpen 

Pierre's Stratagem H. D. Leadbetter. 

There are many other stories in the books equally interesting. 
You should enrich your library at once by adding to it one of 
each of these rare volumes. 



RECREATIOX. xiii 



Have You Read 

Betty Zane? 

If not there is in store for you one of 
the greatest literary treats of your life 

This book deals with the history of the first settlement made 
by white men on the ground where the city of Wheeling, 
W. Va., now stands. The story portrays in a most thrilling 
and effective manner a phase of pioneer life in the Middle 
States 140 years ago, of which too little has been written. 

It describes one of the bloodiest fights of the Revolution and several 
important Indian Wars, throughout which the handful of pioneers, 
who built and defended Fort Henry, exhibited to the world that 
wonderful courage, fortitude, self-reliance and skill in the use of 
the hunting rifle, which delivered the American colonies from the 
thraldom of British rule, under which they had lived 2 centuries. 

Betty Z©Li\e 

is destined to become one of the great standard historical novels of 
the day, and no man or woman who is interested in the study of 
the pioneer life of the Middle West, in the history of the Indian 
wars, or in the wonderful feats of the wilderness hunters of 
those days, can afford to forego a careful reading of this book. 

Trice, £1.50 

TublUhed by the CHARLES FRANCIS PRESS 

30 West Thirteenth Street 
NEW YORK 

In ordering please mention Recreation. 



J 



XIV 



RECREATE 



FOR36YEARSASTANDARD PIANO." 

The Wing Piano 



vol T MPPn thk Rnnir ]1 vnr intend to buy a piano, a 

1 *<JU 1>J-.JJ<1^ 1 111J DKJK-Jn. hook- DOt a catalogue— that gives you all the 
information pi by experts. It makes the selection of a piano easy, if read care- 

fully, it will make you a judge of tone, action, workmanship and finish; will tell you how 
to know good from bad. Il describes the materials DSed; gives pictures of all the different 
parts, and tells how they should be made and put together. It is the only book of its kind 
ever published. It contains 116 large pages and is named The Book of Complete Informa- 
tion about Pianos. \\ e send it free to anyone wishing to buy a piano. Write for it. 

QAVIh "CDOlUr <ttnn TT^\ <tinn We make the WING l'lAXO and sell 
O/WC riVWIVl 4>1UU IVJ ^)ZUU it ourselves. It goes direct from our 

lr home. We do not employ any agents or salesmen. When you buy the 
WING PIANO you nay the actual cost of construction and our small wholesale profit. This 
profit is small because we sell thousands of pianos yearly. Mo>t retail stores sell no more 
than twelve to twenty pianos yearly, and must charge from $100 to $200 profit on each. They 
can't help it. 




A Wing style — 45 other styles to select from. 

SFNT ON TRIAT ) YK ] ' AV freight, no money in advance. 

OC1N 1 yu>l 1 I\lf\L* \y t . wll] send any WING PIANO to any part of the United 
States on trial. We pay freight in advance, and do not ask for any advance payment or de- 
posit. If the piano is not satisfactory after twenty days' trial in your home, we take it back 
entirely at our expense. You pay us nothing unless you keep the piano. There is absolutely 
no risk or expense to you. 

Old instruments taken in exchange. EASY riONTHLY PAYflENTfl. 

INSTRUMENTAL ATTACHMENT tar&JTT SL& 

perfectly the tones of the mandolin, guitar, harp, zither and banjo. 

IN 34 YEARS 33 000 PIANOS A y c rofcr to over 33.000 satisfied Pl .r. 

u-ivrm^ JJ,UUUriniNUO chasers ,n every part of the United 
W I. NO I I AN OS are guaranteed for twelve years against any defect in tone, action, 
workmanship or material. 

WINCt ORGANS Are Just as carefu % made as Wing Pianos. They have a 
vvxi^iw vivuiuiu swe.-t. powerful, lasting tone, easy action, very handsome 
ranee, need no tuning. Wing Organs are sold direct from the factory, sent on trial: 
are sold on easy monthly payments. I-or catalogue and prices write to 

WING & SON. » to * w T£E hau 



18S8 —36th Year— 1904. 



NEW YORK. 



RECREATIOX. 



XV 



|BackedbyaRecordof50Years 




?;ft;?:j7'??7*tpj 



901 

1902 

1 893 1 903 

Time proves or disproves all theories. Fifty years is long enough to find out whether a mattress 
is good, bad or indifferent. Notwithstanding the attacks by makers of worthless imitations, the 

Ostermoor ? Mattress $ 15. 

has stood the test. Over one million ^i, 000,000) are in use to-day. It is the standard which fraudu- 
lent competition has vainly tried to reach. It's not Felt if it's not an Ostermoor. We honestly believe 
that nothing could be added to make it better — nothing could be taken away without doing harm. 

It is no discredit to admit that we occasionally 
receive complaints ; but our treatment of them 
is sufficient to warrant complete confidence. 
Only six people wanted their money back last 
year — but they got it without argument. 



30 Nights' Free Trial 

Sleep on the Oster- 
moor thirty nights free 
and if it is not even all you 
have hoped for, if you 
don't believe it to be the 
equal in cleanliness, dur- 
ability and comfort of any 
$50. hair mattress ever 
made, you can get your 
money back by return mail 
—"no questions asked." 

2 feet 6 inches wide, $fi ? C 

3 feet wide, 30 lbs. 10.00 

3 feet 6 inches wide, 1 I 7ft 

35 lbs. 1I.IW 

4 feet wide, 40 lbs. 13.35 

4 feet 6 inches wide, 1 z ftft 
45 lbs. IO.UU 

All 6 feet 3 Inches long. 

Express Charges Prepaid. 

In two parts, 50 cents extra. 
Special sizes at special prices. 



Send for Book 
Mailed FREE 



Our 96-page illuminated book, "The Test of Time." treats 
exhaustively the mattress question, and gives scores of letters 
as strong (or stronger) than the one we print here. It also 
describes and beautifully illustrates Ostermoor Cushions and 
Pillows for Window Seats, Cozy Corners and Easy Chairs ; 
Boat Cushions, Church Cushions — we have cushioned 2e.ooo 
•churches. It is an encyclopaedia of comfort and good taster — 
may we send it? Your name on a postal will do. Please 
send for it to-day, lest you forget. 



Satisfied 47 Years 



BLACKSTONE,VA.,Dec. U, 1903. 

Messrs. Ostermoor a 

tientlemen : -The OSTKR.MOOR 
Mattress bouht bj in y graud- 
father, T. Freeman Kpis. of 
Hlackstont, in June, 1R56. fortj- 
HTH years ago, is still in up, 
and as good aa new to-day, and 
has had no renovation of any 
kind, except that the tick has 
been taken off arid washed. 

This MtUtrtaa hat hml harder 

UBOQt thmi niiuii/. for it h'im 
hr,n In in a pmi ut featt tictlre 

hour* every dam for the past 

forty srrrn i/ntrs. 

We had always spoken of it as 
an exceptionally lino hair mat- 
tress, and it was only when tick 
] 11 tT was taken oil pOF washing, 
some four yr:u< ago, that your 
label was discovered A I •'» one 
1 purchased at tliat time bas 
proven to lie fully as good, if not 
Better, than the original one. 

We arc- delighted with Osni: 

MOOR M.ittr. ises. These many 
| a us' experict n-e h i\ ■ ft 1 

their everlasting comfort. 

Mrs. K. K. I'ii.lar©. 



Look Out! Dealers are trying to sell the "just as good kind." Ask to see the name "Ostfkmook" and our tr.ide-m.irk 
label, sewn on the end. Show them you can't and won't be fooled. It's not /•>// if it's not an Ostemmter. Mattresses 
expressed, prepaid by us, same day check is received. Estimates on cushions and samples of coverings by return mail. 

OSTERMOOR & COMPANY, 114 Elizabeth Street, New York 



Canadian Agency : The Alaska Feather and Down Co., Ltd., Montreal 



XVI 



RECREATION. 



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(JJJ jg^jj}^ *?.*? *?•*? •*?>*? *P *2 *2 

^*r ^l^ '-W ^5«r ^^BT ^Br ^3^ ^Br ^•r ^B^ <401 ''4K '*8 ^Br ^^ ^Wr 



UNCLE SAM SAYS 
ITS ALL RIGHT. 

Uncle Sam in the person of Ten Government Officials, has charge of every 
department of our distillery. During the entire process of distillation, after the whiskey 
is stored in barrels in our warehouses, during the seven years it remains there, from the 
very grain we buy to the whiskey you get, Uncle Sam is constantly on the watch to see 
that everything is all right. We dare not take a gallon of our own whiskey out of our 
own warehouse unless he says it's all right. And when he does say so, that whi skey goes 
direct to you, with all its original richness and flavor, carrying a UNITED STATES REGISTERED 
DISTILLER'S GUARANTEE of PURITY and AGE, and saving the dealers' big profits. That's why 
HAYNER WHISKEY is the best for medicinal purposes. That's why it is preferred for other 
uses. That's why we have half a million satisfied customers. That s why YOU should 
trv it. Your money back if you're not satisfied. 

HAYNER 
WHISKEY 

I QUART $1.00 
4 QUARTS $3.20 

WE PAY EXPRESS CHARGES IN EITHER CASE. 

Send us $1.00 for ONE QUART or $3.20 for FOUR QUARTS of HAYNER SEVEN-YEAR-OLD 

RYE, and we will pay the express charges. We ship in a plain, sealed package; 
no marks to even suggest contents. If you don't find it all right and better than 
you can buy from anybody else for double the money, ship it back to us at 
our expense and your money will be promptly refunded. We ship one quart on 
your first or trial order only. All subsequent orders must be for at least 4 
quarts at 8o cents a quart. The packing and express charges are almost as 
much on one quart as on four ana even at Si.oo for one quart we lose monev, 
but we want you to trv it. WE PREFER TO HAVE YOU ORDER FOUR QUARTS FOR $3.20 
RIGHT NOW FOR THEN WE WILL MAKE A LITTLE PROFIT AND YOU WILL ALSO SAVE MONEY. 

Trial orders for Ariz., Cal.. Col*, Idaho. Mont.. N>v..>T. Mex., Ore., Utah., Wash., or Wyo., 
mod be 1 Quirt for $1.25 by EXPRESS PREPAID. Butweqnent orderi on the basis of 4 QUARTS for 
$4.00 by EXPRESS PREPAID or 20 Quarts for $16.00 by FREIGHT PREPAID. 

Remit by Check, Bank Draft, Express or Money Order. It is unsafe to send currency 
unless you register your letter. Write our nearest office and do it NOW. 







ESTABLISHED 
1866. 



THE HAYNER DISTILLING COMPANY, 



BAYT0N, OHIO. ST. LOUIS, MO., ST. PAUL, MINN. 



DISTILLERY 
TROY, OHIO. 

ATLANTA, 6A., 



HttNEltfl 

SEVEN YEJWO10 









IMAGINE THE THRILL OF JUMPING OVER STUMPS, ROCKS, AND OTHER OBSTACLES 

ON A NARROW TRAIL! 
84 



Volume XX. 



RECREATION 

FEBRUARY, 1904 
G. 0. SHIELDS COQUINA), Editor and Manager 



Number 2 



FIUXTIXG WHITE GOATS IN THE SELKIRKS. 



ELEAXOR SCH AVOIR. 



In planning our annual hunting trip 
for the fall of 1902, my husband. Doc- 
tor Schavoir, and I decided to entrust 
matters to Mr. W. H. Wright, of 
Spokane, Wash., whose acquaintance 
we had made at the Sportsman's Show 
in Xew York. An editorial in the 
September number of Recreation de- 
scribes Mr. Wright's qualifications, 
and we both endorse every word said 
in his praise. We started from Xew 
York City for British Columbia Au- 
gust 17 and reached Xew Denver, 
B. C, Friday, August 23. A prettier 
place can hardly be imagined, and it 
is properly called the Luzerne of 
America. Slocan lake is a magnifi- 
cent sheet of water, abounding in pic- 
turesque shore scenery. Fishing is 
excellent, trout of 5 different varieties 
being numerous and easily taken. 

At Xew Denver we made up our 
outfit, consisting of 6 pack and 4 sad- 
dle horses. On striking the trail, the 
difficulties of hunting in the moun- 
tains were brought home to me at 
once, and I became convinced that it 
would be no child's play to obtain 
game in such a wild region. The dwel- 
lers in a flat country can never 
imagine what traveling in the moun- 
tains means. The trail was never more 
than 2 feet wide ; in some places not 
half of that. On one side a steep cliff 
arose, while a bottomless pit yawned 
on the other, and a stout heart or long 
habit is required to retain calmness. 
If only the trail had been clear and 
unobstructed our hardships would 
have been less ; but the storms of win- 
ter and the snow slides of spring had 
played havoc with it, and many a 



weary wait did we have while Mr. 
Wright cleared away tree trunks 
lodged across our path. With his 
usual luck, my husband got the quieter 
horse, which stepped carefully over 
obstructions ; while my mount, with 
probably a life's ambition to become 
a steeplechaser, persisted in clearing 
everything with a bound. Imagine 
the thrill of jumping over stumps, 
rocks and other obstacles on a nar- 
row trail ! However, the brave little 
horse always landed on his feet and 
the trail at the same time, and as he 
seemed indifferent to my feelings I 
concluded I might as well let him have 
his own way. After a while I grew so 
accustomed to that style of locomotion 
that I began to notice the scenery, and 
it was grand, indeed. Glaciers and 
enormous mountains surrounded us in 
all directions, a wild, rushing torrent 
dashed at our feet, and beautiful 
woods grew all around us. 

We covered 32 miles in that fash- 
ion, and arrived in the afternoon of 
the second day at a charming spot 
about 7,000 feet above sea level. Dur- 
ing the last 12 miles of our ascent the 
trail was conspicuous by its absence. 
In crossing a stream I tried to follow 
Mr. Wright, who descended the bank 
by clinging to some alder brush in 
order to choose a place for us to cross. 
Feeling sure, after what I had seen, 
that a horse can go where a man has 
passed, I rode to the bank and slid 
down about 20 feet to the river bed. 
Mr. Wright was startled, and both he 
and I motioned to my husband not to 
follow. He. however, imagining that 
I had slid down the bank for a dare, 



8s 



86 



RECREATION. 



with characteristic masculine obsti- 
nacy forced his horse to the brink, and 
luckily got down without mishap. It 
did nut take more than halt an hour 
to pitch our camp, and we were com- 
fortably established in our tents, hard- 
ly realizing that we were settled for 
some time. Mr. Wright's contrivances 
to promote our comfort were a con- 
stant source ol agreeable surprise to 
us. Our large tent took on an air of 
home which can not be appreciated by 
anyone who has not camped out in a 
howling wilderness, miles from any 
human habitation. 

Another factor to make our stay 
pleasant was our good cook, Casteel. 
He was a prize. How he concocted 
the many tempting dishes he served 
us, with the material at hand, was a 
never ending wonder to us, and right 
well did we enjoy our meals. 

( )ur first night in camp was rather 
startling, owing to the neighborliness 
of the porcupines which inhabit that 
country. A delegation of them waited 
on us in the small hours of the morn- 
ing, evidently bent on investigating 
our social status. None of my lady 
acquaintances was ever so inquisitive 
as these porcupines. Nothing belong- 
ing to us was overlooked, and as we 
had failed to leave the tent flaps open, 
our visitors gnawed holes in the sides 
of the tent. Attempts to drive these 
creatures off by shouting were use- 
less, and were taken simply as an invi- 
tation to closer intimacy. One big fel- 
low managed to effect an entrance, 
and the Doctor swore he would have 
his blood for such trespass. Grabbing 
a 22 caliber Winchester riile. the Doc- 
tor gave an exhibition of marksman- 
ship most wonderful to behold, not- 
withstanding my constant encourage- 
ment and suggestions. The only im- 
pression on the porcupine was to make 
the animal sneeze, and I have since 
come to the conclusion that it was the 
brute's way of expressing his opinion 
of that shooting. Exasperated, and 
at his wit's end. the Doctor turned the 
gun around and clubbed Mr. Quilly 



on the head. There my brave de- 
fender's aim proved more satisfactory, 
and the invader of our happy home 
was ejected as a corpse without fur- 
ther ceremony. Two fox terriers, 
which accompanied US, and which 
kindly consented to share our tents 
and beds, did their best thereafter to 
keep porcupines at a respectful dis- 
tance. Their efforts were met by 
a blank refusal to keep off. When 
the dogs tried to back their arguments 
by attacking the unwelcome visitors, 
they got their hides full of quills, and 
it was my daily as well as nightly duty 
to extract the barbed torments from 
the faces, chests and flanks of our 
faithful canines. 

The second day Mr. Wright started 
on an exploring trip, and on his return 
late in the afternoon reported that he 
had seen a number of fresh bear signs 
and workings. He also brought in 
the cheering news that he had met a 
large number of porcupines, all headed 
for our camp. Not having more than 
a case of ammunition on hand, the 
Doctor concluded to try clubbing the 
invaders, and during a 2 weeks' stay 
2J victims were thus dispatched. 
There seems to be no other way. im- 
one is willing to have all his be- 
longings chewed up. We were told 
the adventure of one hunter who had 
the brim of his hat chewed off by a 
porcupine while taking an afternoon 
nap in the sun. This tale we might 
have taken with a grain of salt had 
not our own experience convinced us 
of its probability. 

During the next few days we saw 
several small groups of mountain 
goats near the crests of the surround- 
ing mountains, and it was decided that 
we should try our luck on them. Ac- 
cordingly we started one fine morning, 
shortly after breakfast. Our estimat- 
ing of the distance which we would 
have to go and the time in which we 
thought we could do it elicited a know- 
ing wink between Mr. Wright and 
Casteel ; and the climb took about 3 
times as long as we had expected. It 



HUNTING WHITE GOATS IN THE SELKIRK'S. 



87 



was a laborious undertaking and dan- 
gerous, for a misstep or a slip might 
have proved disastrous to life and 
limb. There was a crust of snow 
which made the going more risky, but 
we all reached the summit safe. 

Some strategy was necessary to ap- 
proach our quarry, but Mr. Wright 
was fully equal to the occasion. 1 fe 
posted us directly over a small troop 
of goats, and after taking a needed 
breathing spell, we approached our 
game. When within about 250 yards 
we each selected a specimen, and fired 
at the same time. Both shots proved 
effective, and we watched the re- 
mainder of the flock flee in all direc- 
tions. The Doctor could not resist 
the temptation to try for another kill, 
and the way bullets flew around that 
mountain peak must have been a good 
imitation of the storming of San Juan 
hill. Another luckless goat became a 
victim of this fusillade, though if every 
shot had proven a hit not one goat 
would be left in that region. 

Mr. Wright and I watched the 
striking of the Doctor's bullets, and 
both noticed that nearly every shot 
was low. When the Doctor's nerves 
had quieted sufficiently for him to hear 
what was said, we called his attention 
to the low shots. He explained to us 
that he had read in Van Dyke's works 
on deer hunting how shots fired from 
above would always pass over the ani- 
mal fired at. He had therefore fired 
low deliberately and in good faith. 
This was fortunate for the goats, but 
considerably shook the Doctor's faith 
in hunting by the book. 

We dragged the carcasses to a con- 
venient spot, where we took off the 
heads and skins. Then began the 
hardest part of the day's work, the 
descent. Going up was laborious and 



dangerous; going down was twice as 
hard. Burdened as we were with our 
trophies, we had to proceed with the 
utmost caution. When within 1,000 
yards from our camping ground, we 
had to pass through an alder thicket. 
Suddenly I heard a grunt, a snort and 
a breaking of sticks, not 20 feet to my 
left. My first impression was that the 
Doctor had lost his footing and was 
rolling down the hill. However, the 
grunt was in a lower key than I was 
used to, and presently Mr. Wright 
said I had jumped a grizzly. Un- 
fortunately the brush was so dense 
that I could not see the bear, which 
we could hear tearing through the 
bushes as if he had some pressing 
business in the next county. 

We reached our tents late in the 
afternoon and devoted our attention 
to a square meal, followed by a bliss- 
ful sleep, which not even a porcupine 
could disturb. 

There are many grizzlies in that 
country but the jungle is so dense 
and the land so absolutely on edge 
that it is simply impossible to stalk 
them. Another hunter, who was in 
there with Wright ahead of us, said, 
after a day of hard climbing and pros- 
pecting of the many signs, 

"Why, Wright, there will be bears 
here 100 years from to-day.'' 

Our trophies are now ornamenting 
our house, together with moose, cari- 
bou and deer heads, which we have 
taken on former hunts. Never did I 
enjoy a hunting expedition more, and 
never did I bear hardships with great- 
er cheerfulness, for the finest sport is 
to be had in those glorious mountains, 
and well deserved is a trophy when 
obtained in that grand and rugged 
country. 



Before marriage men pay compliments; 
after marriage, bills. — Life. 







GLACIER CREEK CHASM. 
Sec page 97. 



88 



PHOTOGRAPHING IN THE CANADIAN ROCKIES. 



G. SHIELDS. 



A friend of mine who is an expert pho- 
tographer often comes to me, when about 
to start on a hunting or fishing or photo- 
graphing trip, and says : 

"Shields, if you will tell me what kind of 
pictures you would like for Recreation, I 
will make you a lot of them." 

I tell him I want such pictures as sports- 
men and naturalists like to see in their fa- 
vorite magazine. Then this man makes his 
trip, comes home and reports that he did 
not find anything he thought I would care 
for, and so did not make any pictures for 
Recreation. 

The trouble is, he does not know how to 
select subjects. He travels with his eyes 
shut. He lacks the true artist's instinct. 
He does not seem to see the thousands of 
things which he passes and which, if pho- 
tographed, would make interesting illustra- 
tions for this magazine. So it is with 
many other people. Fortunately, there are 
still others who do carry their eyes with 
them, as well as their cameras, and who 
send me the results of their photographic 
efforts. Thus I am enabled to present my 
readers each month with many interesting 
and valuable pictures. 



I always dislike to publish my own work, 
either literary or photographic, in Recre- 
ation ; but in some instances it seems nec- 
essary to make exceptions to this rule. In 
my travels in British Columbia and Al- 
berta, last summer, I found hundreds of 
subjects that it seemed to me would inter- 
est readers of Recreation, so I made a 
great number of pictures, a few of which 
appear in connection with this article, and 
some of which may appear in future issues 
of Recreation. 

I could have made thousands of views 
of mountain scenery, but as a rule these 
are not what the general reader cares to 
see in a magazine. I was among the high 
peaks 3 months, and while I never tired of 
looking at them ; while I never ceased to 
wonder at their grandeur; while every day 
and every change in the lights and shadows 
of the day or the night brought out new 
beauties in those giant sentinels, yet 
mere photographs of them would not 
inspire magazine readers as they do the 
traveler on the spot. A peak that tow- 
ers 4,000 or 5,000 feet above your camp ; 
that pierces the clouds, and from which 
glacial ice may be tumbling at all hours of 







WHERE OLD FPHRAIM GOT HIS DINNER. 
89 




A DEAD spruce at timber line. 



the day and night, looks tame when pic- 
tured on a printed page. A lake that 
sparkles in the noonday light and glimmers 
in the rays of a full moon, or that reflects 
the myriads of stars in the milky way. or 
that pictures in its silent depths the mighty 
walls of granite, and glaciers, and snow 
slides, and rock slides; or a river that 
runs white over big boulders, and that 



guarded on either shore by giant 
firs, spruces or pines, loses much of its 
grandeur and much of its beauty when 
transferred to the sensitive film. Yet there 
are thousands of smaller objects, and even 
many large ones; that can be caught on a 
5x7 plate, and that may interest and in- 
struct millions of people when reproduced. 
I labored under great difficulties last 



90 



PHOTOGRAPHING IN THE CANADIAN ROCKIES. 



91 



summer. During the 90 days I was in the 
mountains there were 76 days on which it 
either rained or snowed, some part of the 
day. Frequently it rained all day, and 
there were only 4 days in the entire 3 
months when the sun shone all day ; yet 
there were many days when the sun would 
peep out for an hour at a time, between 
showers. There were gray days, when, 
though the clouds were thick, the light was 
even and steady. We had high winds a 
great deal of the time. There was fog 
hanging about us at least 60 of the 90 days ; 
but by watching my opportunities, grab- 
bing the camera and running whenever the 



photographed, and written about, and lec- 
tured about for 50 years; so I need say lit- 
tle of them here. 

Still, a big glacier is a great institution. 
It is a grand subject for the amateur pho- 
tographer, and it is a good thing to have in 
the family, especially in summer. If I only 
had a few glaciers in New York I'd bust 
the ice trust wide open. 

One day in July I climbed a high peak, 
at the foot of which flows the North Fork 
of the Saskatchewan. Near the summit of 
this peak there is a level spot of land, cov- 
ered with moss and junipers. An old griz- 




SOURCE OF THE MACKENZIE RIVER. 



rain did cease, I was enabled to get 
many good pictures. I am no more ener- 
getic than other men ; I simply watched for 
subjects and opportunities. I saw many 
things that had a picturesque, or a scientific 
interest, yet that many other men would 
pass over without really looking at or 
thinking of in connection with the 
camera. I flitted about more or less along 
timber line, that is, the belt around each 
high mountain where timber ceases to grow 
and where the bare, rocky walls begin to 
tower. There I found many strange things 
in the way of trees and shrubs which I pho- 
tographed, and a few of which are shown 
on these pages. More of them may be 
shown in a future article. I explored sev- 
eral glaciers and made a number of views 
of them, more as souvenirs of the trip, and 
for my own album, than for any other pur- 
pose. Glaciers have been explored, and 



zly had been there some months before me, 
probably in search of choice food, and had 
apparently discovered the den of a family 
of marmots. He had forthwith proceeded 
to dig them out and eat them. He cer- 
tainly earned his dinner before he got it. 
He had made the largest and most remark- 
able excavation I have ever known a bear 
to make. I measured the hole carefully 
and photographed it, and the picture is 
shown herewith; yet it docs n< A convey 
to the eye or to the mind of the reader a 
proper appreciation of the great task this 
old plantigrade performed. The hole is 
5^2 feet deep at the center, to 1 £ feet wide 
and 12 feet 8 inches long. The earth is al- 
most as hard up there as concrete; but 
Old Fphraim had the courage of his con- 
victions and a big appetite. He had. there- 
fore, torn into the earth like a steam ex- 
cavator. He had thrown out probably a 




A STUDY IX CLOUDS. 



carload of earth and rocks, some of the 
latter more than a foot in diameter, and 
some that would weigh 200 to 300 pounds 
each. While it is impossible to photograph 
a hole in the ground satisfactorily, yet I 
would not have been without my camera 
that day for $100. 



much of their grandeur in being re- 
duced to the narrow limits of the photo- 
graphic film; yet they are always interest- 
ing subjects for a fine lens. 

Readers of Recreation know that the 
world has frequently been startled by re- 




A LAKE AMONG THE CLOUDS. 



We were treated to some of the grandest 
exhibitions of cloud building I have ever 
seen anywhere, and I made a dozen pic- 
tures of the great banks of fog as they 
came up over the mountains. These, in 
common with the mountains themselves, 



ports of the discovery, in various place- 1 1 
the West, of an ibex. We found one 
near one of our camps, among the high 
tops. That is, wfi found what many a man 
would have called an ibex, without making 
a thorough investigation. Here is a pic- 



93 




READY MADE TOMB STONES. 



ture of him. However, on close examina- 
tion he proved to be simply 2 sprouts that 
had grown up from the root of a fallen 
tree and died and shed their leaves. It 
happened that the root of the tree had been 
burned and a remaining bit of charcoal 
formed what appeared to be the animal's 
right eye. A piece of another sprout that 
had been broken off furnished a good imi- 
tation of an ear, and, viewed through the 
brush, the outfit looked very like a real 
ibex. 

Many a so-called hunter would have 
plunked a bullet at such an apparition, and 




THE ONLY AMERICAN IBEX. 

then have gone to camp and told the boys 
how he had shot at an ibex, and hit it be- 
tween the eyes, but that when he went up 
to it, it proved to be only a root of an old 
tree. There are other hunters who would 
have plunked a bullet 4 feet to one side of 



it, or over it, or under it, and would still 
have told the other fellows how they hit it 
between the eyes. I know certain tender- 
feet who would have fled from so formid- 
able a looking beast, at sight, and rushed 
into camp wildly excited and told the boys 
between gasps, how they had seen an ibex, 
and that it dashed into the brush and es- 
caped before they could get a shot at it. 




IMAGINARY DEER HORNS. 

This picture shows about as good a speci- 
men of the real ibex as has probably ever 
been found on this continent: yet a well 
known British Columbia sportsman told me 
2 months ago that he firmly believed there 
were plenty of ibexes in a certain remote 



93 







ALL SXUG AT SPRAY LAKE. 



part of Alaska at that time. He said he 
had been assured of this fact by men who 
had seen them and whose word he could 
not doubt. I asked him how he accounted 
for the fact that though white men and In- 
dians had hunted in Alaska a hundred 
years, not a single head or skin of an ibex 
had ever been brought out? He shook his 
head, but said he still thought there must 
be living specimens of this animal up there. 

T saw on my travels several upturned 
that furnished excellent imitations of 
deer horns, elk horns, sheep horns or . 
horns. We have all been fooled by such 
formations, and many of us have wasted 
cartridges on them. I photographed 
eral of these imitation antlers, dimply to 
show how easy it is for even an old hunter 
to be duped when he has his imagination 
with him. 

At our farthest point North we camped 



on a high summit on which one branch of 
the Mackenzie river n- There is 

a meadow of several hundred acres, which 
has in it a number of springs and these 
combining form one branch of what is 
known as the Sun Capta river. This Hows 
mtn the Athabasca; the Athabasca into 
Great Slave lake, and the outlet of that 
into the Mackenzie. So. strictly speaking 
the little brook flowing out of the meadow 
on the margin on which we camped, and 
which is shown in the picture, eventually 
finds its way through the Mackenzie into 
the Arctic ocean. The altitude of this 
meadow is 9.000 feet, and some of the 
peaks in the immediate vicinity rise 4,000 
to 5.000 feet higher. One can step across 
the little brook, shown in the picture, but 
2 miles farther down it. a horse would 
have hard work to step across it in half an 
hour. The Sun Capta is fed by glaciers 
at frequent intervals. Consequently, it 



94 



PHOTOGRAPHING IN THE CANADIAN ROCKIES. 



95 



spreads rapidly over vast deposits of gla- 
cial mud and gravel, and is one of the most 
treacherous streams to ford that may be 
found anywhere in the great North. 

Usually a picture of a camp contains lit- 
tle of general interest. It is only valuable 
to the people who shared in the luxury of 
it, who loitered within its shades, who sat- 
isfied their voracious appetites about its 
festal board. There are camps, however, 
which have something of general interest 
in them, and we made one such at Spray 
lake, 30 miles from Banff. Our tent was 
10 feet wide and 20 feet long, with a 5 foot 



practical purposes, as you would find in 
the Waldorf Hyphen Castoria hotel. We 
built good substantial bedsteads out of 
poles. I built an easy chair, which is 
shown in front of the tent, and over which 
I sprea 1 a piece of canvas that I carried 
along for the purpose. We built a frame 
for the tent, so as to dispense with the 
center poles at each end, and to make the 
tent so rigid and strong that it would re- 
sist the high winds. We had a stove in 
the tent, and when the cold rains came we 
closed the flap, built a fire and bade defi- 
ance to the other elements. 




MORE TOMB STOXES. 



wall. We were to occupy this camp 10 
days, so we proceeded at once to make it 
comfortable. Wright built a table that 
was a masterpiece of construction, in its 
line. He cut down a pine tree about 8 
inches in diameter, cut off 2 sections of it, 
each about 6 feet in length, split them, 
and dressed ench face with an adze 
and a jack plane. Then he flattened the 
round sides at the ends, so as to nail them 
on 2 cross pieces. To these he attached 
legs. Thus he had a smooth, level surface 
for the top, about 30 inches wide and 6 
feet long. We spread a sheet of black oil 
cloth over it and had as good a table, for 



I therefore thought it worth while to 
photograph this tent and to show a picture 
of it to the readers of Recreation. 

On a high plateau, at an altitude of 9.050 
feet, I found some bunches of limestone 
that had been pushed up through the soil 
in a most peculiar fashion. Some of the 
slabs were a foot wide and 3 to 4 feet long, 
with perfectly even edges, carrying their 
width and their thickness throughout, as 
accurately as if they had been carved by a 
marble cutter. Others were 3 to 4 inches 
wide, 2 to 3 inches thick and over 3 feet 
long. What the motive power was that 



9 6 



RECREAT10X. 




THE REMAINS OF TWVFORD S BONFIRE. 

forced them up in this peculiar fashion on 
this level ground, and which cut or split 
them so evenly, no one knows, but they 
are there and here you see images of them. 

We found on Wilcox's pass a dead and 
blackened spruce tree to which hangs a 
tale. You can not see it yet, but 1 will un- 
fold it. so you may read it. thus: 

In 1899. one Henry Twyford, an English- 
man, camped within 100 feel of where this 
stands. He had visited that country 
for the purpose of hunting sheep. One day 
he went over the Divide. 4 or 5 miles from 
this point, found a bunch of sheep and 
killed 2 of them. He returned to camp 
feeling jubilant, and after dinner that night 
proceeded to celebrate by setting fire to the 
dead under branches of the fir tree They 
tinder and burned like a 
iene barrel. They created such a heat 
that the flames leaped up through the green 
branches and consumed the foliage as if it 
had been chaff. 



As soon as the fire got fairly started, Mr. 
Twyford and his guide discovered, to their 
horror, that the wind blew directly from 
the tree toward camp. The air was tilled 
with thousands of sparks, which descended 
on the camp like hail on a Dakota wheat- 
field. The dry grass and moss about the 
tree were at once ignited and the tire start- 
ed toward the tents ; slowly, as good 
luck had it, but surely. The nearest 
water was a little creek some 200 yards 
away, and the only vessels the party had to 
carry water in were .} little pails which held 
about 2 quarts each. They grabbed these 
and lit out for the creek, hitting only the 
high places. In the darkness these got in 
the way of their feet, and each man tumbled 
end over end several times before reaching 
the creek. They took water and then 
walked slowly and carefully back to the 
conflagration. They sprinkled the water 
deftly and frugally about with their hands, 
checking the lire slightly, but the little 
pails were soon empty. Then each man 
had to make another dash for the creek. 
Meantime, though the fire was checked in 
one place, it spread in another, and time 
and again the beleaguered campers thought 
it was all off with them; that their outfit 
would be burned in spite of them and that 
the fire would destroy thousands of acres 
of adjacent forest besides. The laws of 
that country provided a fine of $300 for 




NATURAL VIVE WRENCHES. 




A CONVENTION OF FREAKS. 



starting a forest fire, intentionally or other- 
wise. The hard hearted, prosaic law mak- 
ers had not even made an exception in 
case of a man who kills a sheep and wants 
to celebrate the event. Visions of fire war- 
dens, sheriffs, policemen, judges and piison 
bars lent the wings of Mercury to the feet 
of the water carriers, wherever and when- 
ever they could get a chance to run. The 
fight was kept up until 2 o'clock in the 
morning, when the fire was finally brought 
under control, before it reached the 
camp. Then an inventory was made of the 
damage. It was found that though the tent 
was still able to stand, there were over 
200 holes in it and that blankets, pack 
covers and robes were more or less dam- 
aged by sparks ; but the mighty Nimrod 
had saved his mutton and had celebrated 
the killing of his first and second mountain 
sheep. 

I might cover 20 pages of Recreation 
with descriptions and pictures of odd things 
I found in our travels ; but I must stop and 
leave room for better stuff which my 
friends have sent me. 

While in camp at Spray lake, we gath- 
ered up a lot of freak growths of timber, 
carried them to camp, set them up and 
photographed them. Two of these are al- 
most exactly alike. Each one shows the 
result of a tree 4 or 5 inches in diameter, 
having fallen on a young spruce that was 



probably an inch thick and bent it down to 
the ground. The sprout grew up, finally 
taking a half turn around the pole which 
lay across it, and forming almost an exact 
model of a plumber's pipe wrench. These 
2 spruces are each about 8 inches in diame- 
ter and the stratification of the wood shows 
they are at least 40 years old. The saplings 
must therefore have fallen across them 40 
years ago and both are still in a good state 
of preservation. 

The creek that flows from the great Bow 
glacier into Bow lake, has cut a narrow 
chasm through a solid wall of limestone, 
nearly 50 feet deep, and yet so narrow that 
one can step across it at the top. I climbed 
down to the level of the creek at one point 
and got a picture looking up through it. I 
focussed at 30 feet and by stopping the lens 
down to 128 f. was able to get good de- 
tail in both foreground and background. 
The small spruce shrub on top of the rock, 
shown in the center of the picture, was 
at least 60 feet away, yet is perfectly sharp. 
An interesting feature of the photograph is 
the exquisite lighting. The picture was 
made when the sun was directly overhead, 
and the rays strike projecting points on 
the rock here and there, all through the 
chasm, thus showing the weird, rugged for- 
mation of the walls. 

I trust T have shown pictures enough 
here to give many of my readers valuable 



97 



98 



RECREATIOX. 




tograpliers. It was placed on the market a 
year ago, and while thousands of amateurs 
arc now enthusiastic in its praise, there are 
still some experts who claim that no one 
can do good work with it under all condi- 
tions; but this latest device of the East- 
man factory has knocked many of the old 
photographic theories sky high. For in- 
stance, it has always been supposed that 
snap shots should be given more time in 
development than time exposures; that nega- 
tives made under certain conditions require 
entirely different treatment from those made 



^4 




STRANGE MOUNDS ON THE CONTINENTAL DIVIDE. 



hints as to what they may find if they go 
into the woods or the mountains or even on 
the prairies, carry their cameras with them 
and if they travel with their eyes open. You 
may not find exactly the same kind of 
tilings, but you may find a lot better things 
for pictures. You need not go to wild, in- 
accessible places to find novelties or ob- 
jects of artistic or scientific interest. I 
never walk a mile in Jersey or in New 
York or in Pennsylvania, or in any other 
State, without wishing I had my camera 
along, or without using it, if I have it. 

Many of you have no doubt been won- 
dering what camera and what lens I use. 
It is only fair to the makers of these instru- 
ments which did me such good service that 
their names should be made known to you. 
These names are household words through- 
out the civilized world. I use a 5x7 East- 
man Cartridge Kodak and Eastman films. 
This box is fitted with a Goerz double 
tigmat lens and a Goerz shutter. The 
machine was mounted on a Goerz aluminum 
tripod, which weighs only 2 pounds. 

I also carried with me an Eastman de- 
veloping machine, and this proved one of 
luxuries that modern ingenuity 
' for the use of amateur pho- 



under other conditions. Theoretically, this 
may be true enough, but I developed sev- 
eral rolls of films that had on them some 
exposures made with the lens wide open 
and the shutter working at i-iooth of a 
second; others with the lens stopped down 
to 128 and in exposures timed at 10 to 20 
seconds each. Such rolls, placed in the 
developing machine and ground out with 
careful attention to printed instructions, 
brought out all the negatives with equal 
fidelity to nature. Mosl of the pictures re- 
produced in this article are the result of 
time exposures, with the smallest stop; yet 
some of the others are from snap shots. 
The proof of the pudding is in eating it, 
and I frankly admit I could not have 
got better results on any of my plates if 
1 had cut the films and developed each one 
separately and in accordance with old time 
methods, 

I have been making pictures more or 
for 26 years, and have used a num- 
ber of different cameras and lenses; and 
while T am aware that many of my readers 
will disagree with me, I regard this as 
about the best outfit, all things considered, 
that can be made up for a photographic trip 
in a wild country. 



He: I believe you think more of that 
doe than you do of me. 

She: But he's worth so much more. — 
Exchange. 



THE TRUE STORY OF THE NEZ PERCE WAR. 



H. B. NORTON. 



I find nothing to criticize in Major 
Brooke's interesting article, "A Ride 
Through the Land of the Nez Perces," 
save his assertion that Uncle Sam paid a 
round sum to recoup the losses sustained 
by settlers during the Nez Perce war. My- 
self a loser by that uprising, I know that 
not a cent has been paid for property de- 
stroyed by Joseph and his band. 

In the early days of what was then 
known as Camas prairie, the settlers for 
miles around were accustomed to gather 
each 4th of July at Mt Idaho and cele- 
brate the day. On such occasions the In- 
dians were always invited to take part. 

At the time of the outbreak Chief Joseph 
had planned to assemble all his warriors 
at Mt. Idaho July 4th and massacre 
the entire white population of the prairie; 
but on the afternoon of June 13 3 young 
bucks, Mox Mox, Walltits, and another 
who is unknown, killed the first victim, 
an old man named Richard Devine. He 
was killed at his ranch, 8 miles above 
Slate creek. That night the same Indians 
went down the river to John Day's creek, 
and early the following morning killed 
Henry Elfres and Henry Beckrodge. Then, 
mounting horses belonging to the mur- 
dered men, they rode on down the river. 
On their way they met Samuel Benedict, 
who was out looking for cattle. They 
wounded him, but he managed to escape. 

The Indians then left the river and 
went to Camas prairie. Returning the 
same day with 15 or 20 more Indians, 
they shot and wounded J. J. Manuel and 
his little girl, and killed James Barker. 
At Benedict's place they murdered Bene- 
dict and a Frenchman named August Ba- 
con. 

On June 14 they killed Mrs. Manuel, 
whose body was never found ; also Wm. 
Osborne and Harry Mason. It is claimed 
Joseph took part in these murders. 

The same day J. M. Crooks, of Grange- 
ville, rode to Joseph's camp to ascertain 
whether the Indians intended to carry on 
war against the settlers. He was told the 
settlers would be let alone, providing they 
would not help the soldiers. 

By that time the whole country was 
aroused, and settlers came pouring into 
Mt. Idaho from all directions. 

Chief Joseph's band, including his 
brother Ollicutt, were camped at the head 
of Rocky canyon when the massacre took 
place, but, fearing the approach of troops, 
they went over the White Bird mountains 

99 



and set up their lodges in White Bird val- 
ley, a short distance from Salmon river. 
There they were joined by Chief White 
Bird and his baud. 

At sunrise on the morning of June 17th, 
a weary company of 90 soldiers under 
Colonel Perry, together with 10 or 15 vol- 
unteers, reached the top of White Bird 
canyon, about 16 miles away. Indians and 
soldiers discovered each other about the 
same time. The Indian encampment \ 
instantly aroused. Joseph, Ollicutt, and 
White Bird placed their warriors in posi- 
tion. As the soldiers moved down the can- 
yon they met Mrs. Benedict, a baby in 
her arms, and a little girl by her side. 
She had fled from her home after the 
murder of her husband, and was trying to 
reach a settlement 20 miles away. 

The soldiers continued their march down 
the canyon until they came to 2 small 
buttes. The Indians camped beyond these 
buttes were thought to be only a portion of 
those on the warpath, it being reported 
that the main body had crossed to Salmon 
river. As the troops approached the buttes 
Lieutenant Theller, with 8 men, was 100 
yards in advance of the main force. Colo- 
nel Perry, with the volunteers and his 
own company, came next. Thrimble with 
his squad brought up the rear, leaving an 
interval of about 50 yards between each 
company. All were in columns of fours. 

Suddenly the Indians popped their heads 
from behind rocks in the gulches and ra- 
vines, and took deliberate and deadly aim. 
Chief Joseph instructed White Bird to 
turn the cavalry at the upper buttes, while 
he went behind the rocks and lay in wait 
for them. Mox Mox was directed to take 
the women, children, and horses down 
White Bird creek and to be ready to send 
horses to the warriors as fast as those they 
had were shot down. All instructions were 
carried out to the letter. The battle had 
not been in progress 10 minutes before the 
cavalry was thrown into confusion. Their 
horses became unmanageable, and all hope 
of defeating the Indians was abandoned. 
There was nothing to do but retreat, striv- 
ing to reach the canyon from which they 
had come. Some were headed off by the 
Indians and fell, bravelv fighting. Others 
escaped out of the canyon of death to the 
top of the mountain, where about 20 men 
were rallied by Colonel Perry and Parnell. 
The Indians pursued the retreating cavalry 
within sight of Grangeville. Lieutenant 
Theller was left dead on the field, and of 



100 



RECREATIOX. 



ioo men who went into the hattle not more 
than to returned. It was never known 
how many Indians were killed, but the 
number must have been comparatively 
small. 

1 lie settlers and soldiers, then cooped 
up at Mt. Idaho and Grangeville, anxiously 
awaited reinforcements. But Joseph, in- 
I ol attacking them, remained several 
encamped at White Bird. This delay 
on his part gave tune for troops to reach 
the seat of war. 

lunteers from Walla Walla. Dayton. 
Waitsburg, and Lewiston Hocked to the res- 
cue of the settlers. On the 24th they ar- 
I at Morton's ranch on Camas prairie, 
20 miles fn>m Cottonwood, where tlure is 
now a prosperous town. Terry came there 
during the day and notified General How- 
ard of the position of the Indians. They 
wire still at White Bird canyon. Howard 
advanced with his forces to recover and 
bury the bodies of those killed in the bat- 
tle. That accomplished he located J' - 
across Salmon river. 5 or 6 miles distant 
from the battlefield. At that time Chief 
Looking Glass and his band were sup- 
posed to be seme 30 miles in Howard's 
rear. 

Colonel Whipple was ordered to arrest 
Looking Glass and his Indians and turn 
them over for safe keeping to the volun- 
teers at Mt. Idaho. Looking Glass was 
given an opportunity to surrender, which 
at first he promised to do. but afterward 
defiantly refused. The result was that sev- 
eral Indians were killed, but Looking Glass 
and his band escaped. Whipple then re- 
joined Colonel Perry. 

On July 2d Scouts Foster and Blewett 
went in the direction of Craig's mountain 
to reconnoiter. Toward evening Foster re- 
turned and reported the Indians at Saw- 
canyon, about 12 miles distant. Whip- 
ple sent Lieutenant S. M. Rains with 10 
men to ascertain the strength of the enemy. 
Rain=; and his men were cut off and killed 
only 2 miles from the headquarters of the 
troops. It was afterwards learned that 
Bl< wett was thrown from his horse and 
killed by the Indians. 

On the morning of Jul}- 4th Perry's de- 
tachment joined Whipple at Cotton 9 
About noon of that day 17 men were 
incr the prairie to Cottonwood With- 
in i 1 1. miles of the encampment and in 



plain view of the troops, they were sur- 
rounded by about U5 Indians. Though 
the light lasted more than an hour, only 
one man went to the assistance of the sorely 
beset little band. Major George Sherer, a 
volunteer, watched the fight a few minutes. 
Then saying, "A man may be a damn fool 
if he goes down there, but he's sure a damn 
coward if he doesn't," he mounted his h use 
and joined the 17. Afterward Colonel 
Whipple went down with about 24 men. 

Perry claimed, before a court of inquiry 
held at Lewiston, that there was a force 
of Indians in Ins rear, and he could not 
afford to lose his stronghold on the hill. 

In that light Captain Randall. Ben 
Evans and 1). H. Hauser were killed; 
Johnson and Allie Leeland wounded. The 
17 men were all settlers, defending their 
homes and families, and after the war was 
over many had not a home to go to. 

From that time until July 11th, skir- 
mishes took place here and there. On the 
latter day the Indians concentrated at the 
mouth of Cottonwood creek. There the 
final and decisive battle was fought, last- 
ing 2 days. The Indians were defeated 
and driven out of Idaho into Montana. 

I will not attempt to describe their flight 
nor the destruction they wrought before 
their capture at Bear Paw mountain, 1300 
miles from their starting point. 

Since then Joseph has been feted in 
various parts of the country and held up 
to admiration as a great and good Indian. 
If his admirers had shared the troubles of 
the Camas prairie settlers they would have 
longed to hold him up with a rope. 

White Bird met his just deserts in the 
Assineboine country a few years ago. He 
was a medicine man, and, undertaking the 
cure of a sick Indian, who finally died, was 
killed by the sorrowing relatives on the 
ground that he had bewitched his pa- 
tient. 

Senator Mitchell introduced a bill pro- 
viding that each volunteer who joined the 
forces of the United States in Oregon, 
Washington, or Idaho, during the Nez 
Perce war should be pnid $T for each day 
of service; also the actual value of any 
horse, arms, etc., lost by him in such ser- 
vice. The pension laws were made ap- 
plicable to those who contracted wounds 
or disease during the war: but I have never 
heard of anyone's recovering a cent. 



Clara — T knew by the tone of his voice 
that he was going to propose to me. 

Maud— Was there a ring in it? — Detroit 
Press, 




kTFUR PHOTO BY MRS. WM B' LEE. 



ON A NEWFOUNDLAND MARSH. 



Winner of Special Prize in Recreation's 8th Annual Photo Competition. Made with No. 4 Eastman 

Cartridge Kodak. 

See page 168. 



FISHING. 



EMMA G. CURTIS. 



A-restin' on a grassy bank, . 

Encumbered with a fishin' pole, 
To-day I watched the mnskrats prank 

And swallers skim the minner hole; 
I mused amongst the dragon flies, 

And young birds practisin' their wings, 
And lily pads and pictered skies, 

How fishin's like most other things ! 



The chap that digs the fattest bait 

And picks the likeliest day and pool, 
That don't poke round and start too late, 

That hustles sharp and yet keeps cool ; 
And when he's got things workin' right 

Jest scales, calm as heart can wish, 
And gives 'em time to bite, 

That man will get a string of fish. 



But that there sort that tears around, 

That first tries this pool and then that, 
As nervous as a rabbit hound, 
And on the fence 'twixt perch and cat; 
That thinks that spittin' on his bait 

Makes up for bait that's tough and pore, 
That never gets it through his pate 

That big is big, not luck and roar; 
That keeps a jerkin' up his hook 

And keeps his line a-goin' swish, 
Before his catch is fairly took, 

He'll go home mighty short o' fish. 



A PIONEER'S ADVENTURE. 



A. A. BRIGGS. 



In the early 7o's the forests of the Mus- 
koka district abounded in game, including 
deer, bears, wolves, black and silver foxes, 
etc. Game laws were almost unknown, 
and the gun of the early settler was in con- 
stant use. Our homestead was in the Parry 
sound district, and was surrounded by wild 
roses and creeping vines. At the foot of 
one of the many hills ran a trout stream, 
whose limpid, shaded waters attracted the 
wild animals and birds. 

While fishing for trout in this stream I 
saw a big deer running up the side of the 
hill. Behind it was a dog, howling and 
fast losing ground. As the dog ap- 
proached the top of the hill he gave out. 
The buck was the largest I had ever seen, 
and I was naturally anxious to get a shot 
at him. As he had been disturbed while 
drinking at the brook, I thought he would 
not return for some time. Accordingly, I 
wound up the line, went home and ate my 
supper. 

The next morning I saw what appeared 
to be cattle in the vicinity of the stream, 
but soon discovered they were deer. I 
reached for my rifle and pushed up the 
window, thinking I could get a shot, but 
the deer heard me, and in a moment they 
were off. Still I was sure the buck that 
dashed up the hill the day before was 
among them. Wild with excitement, I ran 
to the creek. There I tried to think of 
some ruse to entrap the buck. An idea 
occurred to me, and going to the house I 
hunted up the largest straw hat in the 
place, and, putting it on, returned to the 
stream. I followed a covey of grouse for 
a while, more to pass away time than to 
kill, as it would be an hour or so before 
the buck returned. 

Looking about for a hiding place, I saw 
some tall, thick grass among a lot of 
bushes, and there I concealed myself. Mak- 
ing sure my body and limbs were invisible, 
I pulled down the big hat and, with the 
rifle under my arm, waited for the stag. 
Nearly an hour passed before I heard a 
sound. Presently the buck appeared, and 
a grand and stately creature he was. I 
must have been greatly unnerved, for my 
arm was shaking so much I feared the 
animal would see the movement in the 
grass and dart off. My view of him, too, 
was unsatisfactory, for I had to blink with 
one eye through a little hole I had made 
in the hat. What I saw was sufficient to 
show that he suspected danger, for he 
kept bellowing and tossing his head around 
as if infuriated. 



While I was watching him 3 more heads 
came in sight a little distance behind 
the buck. These were the doe and 2 
fawns, who, seeing the stag gazing around 
anxiously, were too timid to come near- 
er. Suddenly I saw the antlers of the 
buck moving in my direction and thought 
my end was near. My lingers, which in- 
stinctively sought the trigger, twitched 
nervously, though the idea of shooting 
never occurred to me. The buck sniffed 
around 3 or 4 seconds, with his eyes 
fixed on the hat, then began slowly to re- 
treat. Now, if ever, was the time to shoot; 
his head was raised and his breast toward 
me. But, no. I would wait and see what 
the stag would do. Presently he uttered 
a low, dismal sound and in an instant the 
other deer were beside him. At first 
they looked around perplexedly, but soon 
moved toward the brook and drank. The 
old buck never stirred. He was now 
within a few yards of me, still keeping his 
eyes in my direction. 

At length the deer, having finished 
drinking, went away. The buck, seeing 
this, retraced his steps to the edge of the 
stream, and for the first time took his 
eyes off the place where I was hidden. 
Seeing the doe and fawns were over the 
fence, he lowered his head, gulped a 
mouthful of water, was up in a second and 
off, leaping the old rail fence with the 
greatest ease. 

I lay for a moment wondering if I was 
dreaming, but the drumming of a grouse 
near me and the rippling of the brook 
dispelled the idea. Alas! had any of the 
settlers seen me? If so, my reputation as 
a marksman was ruined. I had been ac- 
knowledged the best shot for miles around, 
but if the story was told that I. with a 
rifle in my hand, allowed 4 deer to escape 
within a few yards of me I would be the 
laughing stock of the settlement. 

I left the stream with a strange feeling. 
My desire to hunt had vanished. When I 
told my experience at home they were 
rather touched by the incident. But to 
this day the people of the district never 
heard that the man who for years had 
neVer refused a shot at game had al- 
lowed sentiment to stay his hand on one 
occasion. 

To-day the scene is changed. The old 
log house has fallen to decay: civilization 
has driven the game Northward. Only 
the old pines still cast their shadows on 
the rippling brook, which flows on as 
ever. 



«°3 




AMATEUR PHOTO BY S. L. BEEGLE 



BOB WHITE BY FLASHLIGHT. 

Winner of 3d Prize in Recreation s 8th Annual Photo Competition. Made with Goerz Lens. 

See page 168. 



THE ENCHANTRESS. 

GEO. E. WINKLER. 

A longing once again to view 

The distant, blue limned hills. 
To drink again with thirsty lips 

ice-fed mountain rills ; 
To wander echoing canyons through, 

Took me from you. 



A longing mice again to see 
The early sun ray-; strike 

Like fire upon the lifted crest 
Of snowy mountain height; 

troke with lazy, loving oar 
The quiet water-, deep and blue. 
Took me from you. 



But each elusive cloud <m , <:c<t < ; 
Your changefulness and grao 
And ev'ry dew-kissed rose comm< 
The sweetness of your face; 
The whisp'ring pines thai n of my head 
Bid me their lovely joys eschew. 
And turn to you. 



"Have you ever listened to that long 
Island sound'" 

"No, but I have heard New York bay." — 
Life. 



104 



DOWN THE ARBUCKLE RIVER. 



F. W. I'OKTEK. 



We loaded my hunting boat on a wagon 
at my ranch one morning late in January, 
and drove 5 miles to Rocky creek, where we 
launched. 

I told the boys we shouldn't see any game 
on the way over, but they thought quails, 
squirrels and rabbits were game, so we had 
camp meat at once. From Reedy lake to 
Arbuckle lake is 4 miles if you are bird- 
rigged, and climb a tree to start. By water, 
it is nearer 40 miles. We floated halt way 
down the creek that afternoon, and camped 
where I had a turkey roost spotted. I made 
camp and sent the others where I thought 
the big birds would come in. They re- 
turned at dusk without any turkeys. Some 
had been seen, but Winchester said they 
looked just like those his mother had at 
home and he didn't like to shoot. My other 
friend I'll call Thunder, because he used a 
double 10 gauge loaded with black powder. 

Next morning we continued our journey 
down the creek. The lower end of the 
creek is through a heavy swamp which was 
dry a year ago for the first time, possibly, in 
centuries. Then fire swept it, throwing trees 
and vines of all sizes across the creek, so 
there was some fancy acrobatic work. 
Sometimes we would vault over a log which 
the boat went under, sometimes we would 
go under and lift the boat over, sometimes 
a dive through a tree top was the caper. 
Once, when we flattened out in the boat to 
squeeze under a big cypress, one chap left 
the slack of his trousers a trifle too high. 
The craft drifted placidly on and left him 
hanging, head to heels, from a branch. We 
rescued him before the cloth tore, and got to 
the mouth of the creek by dinner time. 

The creek had built itself a bank far into 
the lake and our camp was on a part of 
that, 20 yards wide, the creek on one side 
and lake on the other. We spent the after- 
noon there : the boys fished and discovered 
a 10 foot 'gator. 

Arbuckle lake is 8 nrles long and 3 miles 
wide. It is usually wind-swept during the 
day, and. as our boat was small and over- 
loaded, we decided to cross at night. I woke 
about midnight, found it foggy but not dark, 
and perfectly quiet. I roused the camp and 
after we had made coffee we put to sea. A 
2 hours' row took us to the lower end of the 
lake and to what appeared a solid wall of 
cypress. The steersman was told to coast 
along it until he saw an opening. He did 
so and in a few minutes put us in the head 
of Arbuckle river. 

We ran alongside a bunch of bonnet and 
dropped anchor to wait for daylight. Thun- 



der wanted to try for catfish. We were will- 
inn he should but had no bait We 
over the difficulty by shooting a water tur- 
key and using strips of its flesh. Our friend 
got lots of strikes, some of them strong 
enough to move the boat, anchor and all, 
but as he was not used to the fighting tac- 
tics of Florida catfish he did not land a 
fin. 

When daylight appeared we started down 
stream through one of the prettiest bits of 
water in Florida. The river averages 100 
feet in width, is deep, and for several miles 
runs through a big cypress swamp. 

A dozen species of lilies grow on its bor- 
ders, and the trees are covered with air 
plants and orchids. The swamp is inhabit- 
ed by many varieties of game birds and ani- 
mals. 

The dip of ducks and the whir of wings 
was constantly heard ahead of us, but as the 
foliage was dense and the stream tortuous, 
we got but few shots. 

A short run took us through the swamp 
and out into open water with Kissimee 
prairie on one side and high pine woods on 
the other. There, in a little hummock of 
cabbage palms and live oaks that gave us 
almost the shelter of a house and furnished 
us beds of Spanish moss, we made our per- 
manent camp. We caught bass with min- 
nows, and would not take out of water a 
fish under 8 pounds. We drifted down 
stream gawking at one bank while a gob- 
bler sat and gawked at us from the other. 
He gawked a little too long for his health, 
however. 

Winchester shot into a bunch of curlew, 
and as he waded about picking up his dead, 
a flock of canvasbacks almost knocked his 
hat off. We, in the boat, wondered why he 
did not shoot. He came back and said they 
were not ducks. On one occasion, as cur- 
lew and other birds were passing over us by 
thousands, somebody sat, eyes and mouth 
open in astonishment, until his gun went off, 
pointed nowhere in particular, and nearly 
knocked him out of the boat. 

Then crime the last morning, which we 
had decided to devote to turkeys exclusive- 
ly. Two of us got up and had our break- 
fast, of course, long before daylight, and 
we had almost to drag No. 3 out of the 
blankets. Finally he came along and we 
got our turkeys, one of them a 25-pounder 
that Winchester knocked into the river. He 
was surprised to see it go paddling up 
stream, and said if any one had told him 
a turkey could swim, he would, if it was a 
small man. have called him a liar. 



105 




AMATEUR PmOTO BY CMAKI tS V ANDtR V t LL)t. 



THE FISHERMAN WHO IS ALWAYS LUCKY. 
Winner of 4th Prize in Recreation's 8th Annual Photo Competition. Made with a Korona Camera. 



106 



ANTOINE'S CAT. 



E. \V. PARKER. 



Lass week bring me some sperience Ah'll 
never have before, an' me Ah'll tol' heem 
to heverybody so he can look out not make 
same mistak'. 

Ah'll not spick de Angleesh ver' wal, but 
Ah'm cut man eye teet hevery day, an' w'en 
he com' night Ah' say to me, "Well, ole 
man ! eef you ole fool head don't know 
better dan go poke you nose on de cat bees'- 
ness, den he serve you right for bring de 
trub on you. So nex' tarn look out, ole 
man."- 

Now, Ah'll tol' one lectle scrape dat over- 
tak' me. S'pose you want try you' han' for 
dat same speculation affer you hear dat, 
Ah'll offer no objecshun at all; an' if you 
not lak dat. you may shun mah leetle mis- 
hap an' not be ole fool lak Antoine. 

Two, t'ree week ago mah wife hax me 
will Ah go wit he an' mak' hevening visit 
to Zephrim Goshela. "Oui, Oui, Madame ! 
Ah'll go.'' Now Ah'm not lak ver' wal for 
gon out on de evenin'. Me Ah carnt see 
ver' wal. an' dis tarn de moon he's not 
'wake up ver' herly. But Ah'll lak please 
mah ole leddy sometam, so Ah go. Zeph- 
rim an' hees wife was bote good feller an' 
we been good neighbor many year, an' Ah 
lak heem wal. 'Sides dat, he's raise beeg 
famlee an' many tarn he com' for mah ole 
leddy for assist dat, an' for me, too, some 
tarn. So we feex up an' finish mah chore, 
an' 'way we gone. 

Now he's got 'bout quarter mile over dar, 
'cross de fiel' ; hover 2, t'ree fence, jomp 
on de brook an' go up on de hill, dar's 
whar he leeve, and when we geet dar, we 
was ver' welcome. Zeph and me too we 
sit down an' tak' some smoke, an' Mam 
Zephrim an' mah wife tak' hees knit an' 
mak' stockin'. What tarn we smoke we lay 
good many plan for gon on Black crick for 
catch muskrat, an' dore, plentee monee on 
dat job. We 'gree for gon on dat plass 
nex' week, an' we 'gree for share de hex- 
pense an' go snuk on de profeet. 

An' we can carry plentee pork and pom- 
me de terre an' bean, too. An' me Ah'll tak' 
mah fusee. Ah got boss good one. We'll 
get plentee pa'tridge and cariboo for tickle 
our stomick an' we can see no hobstruction 
for hav' boss tarn ever' day we gon', bah 
gosh ! 

Bimeby Mam Zephrim get up an' gon' 
out on de kitchen, an' soon Ah hear heem 
mak' rattle on de stove, an' Ah know he's 
gon' for get supper. Mah ole leddy ron 
after an' beg heem not do dat for we not 
hongry at all. But Ah'm pull hees dress 
and whisper, "Hole you' tong." Pretty 



quick Ah'm smell de pork on de pan an' de 
onion, too, an de tea kettle lid jingle an' 
we be all jus' so happy good many beeg 
bug who try for call heemsef de aristoc- 
racee. 

Nex' Ah know, de clock strike one, 2, 
t'ree, 'leven ! Mah soul ! whar is gon' dat 
hevenin'? An, mah ole leddy rose for go 
home an' roll up hees knitting on hees 
pocket, an' make all reddy. 

Many year ago w'en Ah'm small boy. 
ver' of'en Ah'm gon' cross de same fields 
for huskin' an' pare apple bee. Ah'm go 
befor' he's dark an' Ah'm feel bol' lak a 
lion. But de tain w'en he's finish an' it 
come 'leven 'clock an' dark lak a dev', 
Ah'm com' bol' lak a sheep; 'twas a differ- 
ance, don't it? Good many noise dar. One 
leetle frog can mak' me ron more 10 rod. 
One screech owl flop down close on top 
mah hed mak' me squat down lak brickbat 
hit me. Dat tarn Ah'm all 'lone. Dis tarn 
mah ole leddy is wit me an' not'ing can't 
scare me. So w'en mah wife rose for gon' 
home an' Ah'm light mah pipe an' shak' 
han' an' 'way we go, over de hill to de 
poor house — dat was Antoine's. 

Now Ah'm meditate good 'eal 'bout de 
Black crick bus'ness, an' fuss Ah know 
Ah'm leave mah ole leddy long way behind 
an' soon Ah'm hear heem yell, "Antoine, 
what for you so hurry? You got no bus'- 
ness leeve me 'lone, an' Ah'm hear som'- 
t'ing chase me." 

So Ah'm gon' back to he, an' Ah ax 
heem what he hear? He's tell me som'- 
t'ing skip it 'long behind heem on de snow 
an' mak' queer leetle noise lak he never 
see befor' ; and w'en we go long 'gain we 
bote hear dat, an' bahgosh ! Ah can see dat 
too 'bout 10 feets behin'. Now Ah'm tell 
heem walk ver' slow an' me Ah'll feex dat. 
So Ah tak' a pole on de fence and go ver' 
heasy. 

Dat leetle chap, Ah see heem sure, he's 
black, not ver' beeg, prob'ly weasel. 'Tenny 
rate Ah'll not 'low heem scar mah ole 
leddy any more. No, sell, he's draw hees 
las' bret. So Ah raise mah pole high over 
dat an' put in all mah strengt on heem an' 
down he com', whack ! on hees back 4. 5 
tarn. Mah wife he's ron an' mak' yell, but 
dat leetle feller's not ron any mo'. II ees 
turn up on hees back an' lay still. Den we 
proceed to examine dat and Ah'm cal'late 
horn much hees pelt will fetch on de mar 
ket. So Ah'm light a match an' look ; an' 
bahgosh, what you t'ink? 'Twas not'ing 
but mah ole leddy's knittin' work. De ball 
unwind in hees pocket an' drag de rest be- 



107 



io8 



RECREATION. 



hind on de snow. Ah'm get de laugh on 
heem long tain for dat. 

But dat was not do lass mah sperience 

'fore Ah'm get home; oh dear, nol Som' 
ver* queer episode happen 'tore Ah'm reach 
mah domicil. Ah'm mak' hurry for 
home an' teex mah tire, an' so Ah'm leeve 
mah ole leddy for come on by heem- 

St dat tain Ah'm hear som't'ing step, 
. on de snow. 

Ah'm not scare 't all. an' w'at you t'ink 
dis tarn? Dar was one pretty leetle kitty 
com' rat up close an' look lion mah face 
lak he want make 'quaint wit Antoine. 
When Ah see dat Ah'm glad, for w< 
none, an' la<s week mah old leddy he's find 
a mouse in de flour barrel. 

.v here he com' mah chance for one 
leetle cat. no co<" not'ing only for 
catch heem. Dat leetle chap he come frisk 
roun' mah leg lak he want play wit me. So 
Ah'm put 'way mah pipe an' Ah'm go in 
for dat kitten an' he will mak' mah ole 
leddy nice Chris'mus present. 

"Now, mah leetle kitty, com' to me: com. 



see you One'. Com' on mah house, it's boss 
: leev." An' Ah squat down an' 
coax heem an', hahgosh, he won't. He's 
kick up hees heel an' caper roun' me. an' 
more Ah'll see dat de more Ah'm 'termin' 
for tak' heem. So Ah'm ron for heem an' 
he hop roun' on de snow an' swish hees 
tail, an' Ah'm mak' up mah min' Ah'm got 
one Anglory cat wort' more'n 5 dollor. 

\\\" Ah know, he scoot rat in between 
my mogasin an' Ah'm mak' grab wit bote 
bote ban'. Xex' minit Ah'm gon' rat hover 
on mah back. Oh. waugh, phew, ugh, 
waugh ! Ah'm sick on mah stomick an' 
Ah'm have ter'b'lc time. 

Ah'm put som' snow in mah mouth, he 
don do no good. Den Ah'm dig hopen 
mah eye an' look for mah ole leddy, and 
he's gon' home. An' Ah'm look for dat 
cat an' he's gon' home : an' Ah'm hole mah 
nose an' Ah'm gon' home, an' w'en Ah get 
dar mah ole whoman he's put de bar on de 
door an' he's holler on de chamber window, 
"Antoine! go sleep it on de barn!" 




TAKE US AFAR. 

JEANNETTE CAMPBELL. 

Take us afar; beyond the city's clamor, 

Its din and dust and glare; 
Its .minding toil, its gilded pomp and power, 

Its Stirling, fevered air ! 
Afar; beyond the ceaseless tide of faces 

The endless throb of feet ; 
The eager grasp for gold that men call 
living. 

The jargon of the street. 

Afar. afar, beside the dreaming waters, 

Deep in the forest glade, 
Where wind and wave commune, low- 
voiced, together. 
In sunshine and in shade! 
Where just to be, is gladness; where life's 
trappings 
Drop off and disappear; 
And we can drink at Nature's primal foun- 
tains 
Once in the rushing year! 



AM»T|.» P-OTO 8* JAMES M. U LLC*. 

WHERE'S MY SHADOW? 

One of the 17th prize winners in Rkcke 
Annual Photo Competition. 



"I want to ask yon something, gracie," 
said the beautiful heiress. 

"What is it, duckie?" the duke inquired. 

"Would you object if I should request 
the minister to omit the word 'obey' from 
the service when we are married?" 

"Certainly not. He can just make it 
Move, honor and supply.' " — Chicago Rec- 
vrd-IIcrald. 



A PIONEER REMINISCENCE. 



MISS M. L. SUTTON. 



In the mountains of Jackson county, 
Oregon, lives an old man familiarly known 
through all the region as Uncle Bill. An 
excellent story teller, he speaks with such 
familiarity of Indians, panthers and bears 
that small boys of the present are jaun- 
diced with envy. 

His favorite tale is of the capture of the 
largest grizzly ever encountered in that 
section ; and well illustrates the fortitude 
that made our pioneers the bulwark of the 
West. 

Xear Uncle Bill's home, is a rugged foot- 
hill, thickly wooded with scrub oak and 
crowned by an immense boulder known as 
Table rock. That hill once served as stag- 
ing for a little comedy, which came near 
being a tragedy in Bill's life. 

Armed only with a light shot gun, 
he was one day wandering about the moun- 
tain in search of lost shoats. Enter- 
ing a small natural clearing, he came face 
to face with a huge grizzly feasting on wild 
berries. Both were surprised ; but Uncle 
Bill was chiefly concerned. Without his 
rifle he felt his presence was an intrusion. 
There were no trees within 80 rods ; and he 
saw with dismay that the grizzly seemed de- 
sirous of making his acquaintance. 

Taking counsel of his courage. Uncle 
Bill mounted a log in the middle of the 
clearing, and tried to stare the bear out of 
countenance. Satisfied from a close scru- 
tiny, that Uncle Bill was in a palatable 
condition, Bruin began circling about his 
intended victim. He tore up the earth, 
growled fiercely and made frequent little 
dashes, as if to provoke Uncle Bill to flight. 
Failing in this, the circles gradually nar- 
rowed in, until Uncle Bill drew his hunt- 
ing knife and braced for the shock, deter- 
mined to sell life dearly. 

Suddenly the brute stopped, sniffed the 
air, and gazed intently down the mountain. 
A bristly crest arose along his enormous 
back; he seemed to waver between 2 opin- 
ions. Then with a roar of baffled rage he 
turned tail and lumbered up to the shelter 
of the overhanging rocks. Uncle Bill 
chose an opposite direction with even 



greater celerity and soon encountered 2 
neighbors out for a hunt, which they 
promptly abandoned in that vicinity after 
hearing his story. 

Some weeks later, a dozen men with a 
pack of bear dogs gathered to hunt Bruin 
out. He must have had a premonition of 
danger which ne decided to anticipate by 
a prompt retreat to his winter quarters, 
several miles up Bear creek. The hunt 
followed. The men took stations in trees 
at intervals of about 60 rods along the 
trail, and the dogs were sent in to start 
the game. The occasional sharp yelping 
as they skirted the lair soon changed to a 
chorus of excited baying and warned all 
to be in readiness. 

With a rush, to which the undergrowth 
was no impediment, the bear passed direct- 
ly underneath the first sentinel, receiving 
a rifle ball between his shoulders, with no 
apparent result. His course was direct for 
the next stand, but all waited in vain for 
the report to tell that he had reached it. 
The baying dogs rushed by and became 
silent. The stillness grew oppressive. Call- 
ing to one another, all the hunters, save 
one, responded, and the posse cautiously 
gathered about his position, to find the 
bear's dead body overlying a battered rifle 
and bits of bloody clothing. 

Their companion was nowhere to be 
seen, but a weak voice from a near manza- 
nita thicket was heard saying, "The bear's 
dead, boys, and I am too ;" which, in 
spite of the seeming inconsistency, came 
near the truth. 

The bullet from the first stand had 
pierced the bear's heart, but the animal's 
great momentum and vitality had enabled 
it to reach the next sentinel, drag him 
from his tree, literally scalp him and toss 
him aside, before it fell dead. 

An army surgeon from the barracks. 25 
miles distant, saved the unfortunate hun- 
ter's life, but left him disfigured by a stif- 
fened neck and a head permanently turned 
to one side. 

The bear's carcass dressed 800 pounds 
net : and its fine pelt passed as a fee to the 
surgeon. 



Clara: I hope you don't call yourself an 
invalid, with that appetite! 

Clarence : Why. Clara, it is this appetite 
that keeps me an invalid. — Exchange. 



109 




AMATEUR PHOTO §V OEOAGS WORTH 



THE GOLF GIRL. 
Winner of 5th Prize in Recreation's 8th Annual Photo Competition. 



BUFFALO HUNTING IN KANSAS. 



STUBB. 



We had sown our fall wheat and having 
nothing further to do at home, Charles S., 
Bill K. and I started for meat. We trav- 
eled West about ioo miles and saw only old 
signs. I carried a 38 rim tire Remington, 
Bill a 44 rim fire, and Charles a 44 rim fire 
Ballard carbine. 

After getting above running water on 
the Pawnee river we turned South and 
crossed the Arkansas. In due time we ar- 
rived at Dodge City, a bad town at that 
time. There we saw hundreds of buffalo 
hides, all of which came from the South, so 
South we went. After traveling one day 
we reached Crooked creek, and there close 
to our camp, some one had killed 3 
buffalo a day or so before. One day's hunt 
revealed no game, however, but antelope 
and those were not tame, so we got none of 
them. That evening we held a council. 
Bill and Charley decided to go home, but 
I had made up my mind to see a live buf- 
falo. Next morning I went back with the 
boys to Dodge City for more provisions, 
and then started South. 

I spent the night at our old camping 
ground, and the next evening about sunset a 
party of Texans drove up. They said they 
had seen no buffalo for 3 weeks. They in- 
vited me to go with them as they wanted 
to go into Texas and some of the Reds 
were out from their reservation on a hunt. 

Early the next morning we were on our 
way. The day passed without incident and 
that night we camped at Lone Tree, a good 
camping ground on account of water, but 
more interesting to me on account of its 
being the scene of a disastrous fight be- 
tween 5 white men and a band of Reds 
only 3 or 4 months before. The graves of 
the 5 white men told the tale without 
words. 

The next morning just after starting I 
saw my first live wild buffalo, a cow and a 
calf. I wanted to kill them and go home, 
but the boys persuaded me to go farther 
and get a good load. We arrived at their 
camp that evening, and the next morning, 
which was Christmas, we started South- 
west. Before noon one of the men. who 
was in advance of the teams, killed a large 
buck. We took it aboard, also the hunter, 
and proceeded some distance when I saw 
another buck, standing in some small 
brush and looking at us. As I had no 
driver, I spoke to the man who had killed 
the first buck and pointed out the second. 
He started, but had not gone 200 yards 
when in going over a small ridge he ran 
almost on to a large buffalo, asleep. John 
soon woke him with his 50 caliber Sharps 



frontier gun. The buffalo arose and ran 
but seemed dazed. The 50's were going 
through him too fast for any kind of com- 
fort. Finally, getting tired of it, he turned 
on his enemy ; but he had waited too long 
for he went only a few steps and fell, the 
victim of 8 50-caliber bullets. 

We soon had him skinned and the meat 
cut off. About a mile farther we came to a 
spring of water and camped for the day. 
We had buffalo tenderloin and venison for 
our Christmas dinner. As soon as it was 
over I took a run. I saw no buffalo but 
shot my first deer, also 3 coyotes, and 
thought it a wonderful Christmas for me. 

The next morning we again started 
Southwest, crossing the North Canadian 
river about ]/ 2 mile from camp and there 
I saw r the coveted cattle. After getting to 
the high ground it was buffalo everywhere. 

John handed me his Sharps sighted for 
100 yards, half way to the hump 150. and 
top of hump 200 yards, which he said was 
as far as I would wish to shoot. The game 
was feeding in a ravine, and we had no 
trouble to get within 50 yards. Bill was to 
shoot, as he knew just where, and I was to 
wait until told to fire. He shot, but did not 
strike within a foot of where he had in- 
tended to. The buffalo started, but stopped 
and looked back at about 150 yards. After 
some persuasion, Bill let me shoot and 
down went a cow. The others showed no 
signs of running, and Bill said we would 
get a closer stand. 

"Why not shoot from here?"' 

"Too far. That hit was an accident.'' 

I felt flattered, but moved around after 
Bill to the other side of the bunch and to 
about 60 yards distance. By that time the 
cow I had shot was on her feet and was 
blundering about. Bill told me to shoot 
her again, as she would lead the bunch 
away. 

"You shoot one. and I will drop her at 
the crack of your gun." I said, so he shot 
again, but struck the ground between us 
and the buffalo, and the ball went scream- 
ing over them. That started them on a 
wild run. 

"Give it to them, they won't stop again,'' 
shouted Bill, and I obeyed, tiring about 2 
shots to his one. When 1 quit there were 
6 buffalo on their feet, but 10 down. Seven 
fell at the crack of my gun and Bill 
knocked down another. 

Thus ended my first day among the buf- 
falo. We dressed the carcasses so the 
meat would be all right the next morning. 
Then we went to camp, tired and hungry, 
but happy. 



in 




»MATIL'R PHOTO BY t. F. POPE. 



A GOOD PAIR TO DRAW TO. 
Winner of 6th Prize in Recreation's 8th Annual Photo Competition. Made with a Korona Camera. 



112 



THE HAUNTED MOUNTAIN. 



MOSES THOMPSON, JR. 
English as she is writ. 



In Ye Olden Times. Two (2) Irish- 
men's first in America. In the north west- 
ern part of America, "A mountain near a 
large city about hlteen miles away, and 
only could be reached by the Southwestern 
part only by one way. that way was to 
cross a mighty high mountain. this 
mountain after about 100 years of age that 
before any one began to settle around 
same and the first family that had made 
it up in their minds to locate at the foot 
of this great mountain thus leading to the 
principal city. After they had made that 
place their homes for some years to past 
the way to this city over this mountain, 
traffic robbers had made the top of this 
large mountain a safe place to rob travel- 
ers and to take their lives if necessary. 
After such deeds had been committed so 
often that the top of this place became 
haunted and prevented traffic traveling of 
the traveler over the mountain. So after 
many people had been frightened by Ghost's 
and Haunts they found that the traffic over 
the mountain was imposible to accomidate. 
So they had to reerect a road around this 
place twenty miles out of the way so that 
people could travel, after that road was 
completted a short while afterwards trafic 
began its regular travel without any trou- 
ble. So one evening two Irishmen's had 
come to a hault at the foot of the mountain 
and had lost their guide of the City where 
they was bound for. this time they had 
traveled all day and night had fallen upon 
them at the foot of this Mountain, what 
next said pat we are lost be-jasus. but 
Mike says look Pat there is a light younder 
some one live there suppose we go and ask 
about the route, they went to the light 
where they seen deemly burning and stoped 
and called. So there was a Woman and 
Three Children appeared as if they had been 
deserted, the two Irishmen ask them how 
far was they from the City, the Woman in 
the door replied gentlemens Y'se about fif- 
teen miles from the City over the mountain 
and if you go around the road way that 
leads to the right you will make it about 
twenty five miles to go, as to the top of the 
mountain, have been posted no travelers are 
allowed to cross the mountain after dark as 



they would be frighten to death, the reply 
of the two irishmen we want to know the 
nearest way to the City we care nothing 
about haunts, so if the mountain is the 
nearest way we will take that route thank 
you mum as they bided her good night and 
went on their jurney across the mountain, 
my this time they had taken up time ask- 
ing the route to go it had fallen dark good. 
So up the mountain they went and soon 
reached the top where-upon they was at- 
tacked by a forward Dim Light, with a 
Voice never before had been heard. At the 
top they reached and after doing so it was 
so dark that you could not see your hands 
before you. nearer and rearer the Dim light 
approached towards the two men with a 
noise that could not be understood a dis- 
tance but when it come nearer to them they 
understood such words approaching them, 
with a little Dim red light saying. Wiere 
must I put it. Where must I put it where 
must I put it. dingerling-dingerling-dinger- 
ling the noise of a small bell was heard, 
but quickly stoped Pat & Mike, Pat says 
to Alike faith and be-jasus what is that 
Pat? Pat says to Mike, I don't know per- 
haps that is one of them haunts trying 
frighten us, All at once the light seem to be 
upon them good enough to realize what it 
was but could not. but Mike quickly spoke 
and said to the little Dim Light wnich was 
near, in such Tones as Mike Repeated, 
haint that a nice word for you to ask a man 
stop him in the night like this and ask him 
where shall you Put it. Go Put Tt Where 
You Got Tt. ' Where did You Get It. Thats 
a h — 11 of a word to ask a gentleman, where 
shall you put it go put it where you got it. 
at these words the lisrht banhished away 
and was gone and nothing more seen that 
night as they crossed the mountain en-route 
to the City. After that nisht with Pat and 
Mike's Experience no such Ghost ever ap- 
pearde again. Tts is always said by Older 
people that if you speak to Ghost that they 
will never no more appear especialy in the 
right way words like this. What in the 
name of the lord you want in this poor Sin- 
full World. Pat and Mikes, Wasn't that 
Way. 



She: Tell me, why do you love me? 
Why, — er — er — I suppose because fools 
rush in where angels fear to tread. — Life. 



113 




AMATSIM PHOTO Br A. 1. GOSS. 



DOX'T BOTHER ME. I'M BUSY. 
Winner of 7th Prize in Recreation's 8th Annual Photo Competition. Made with a Poco Camera. 



"4 



THE PAWNEE UPRISING OF 1859. 



HOWARD W. BELL. 



In the summer of 1859 the entire tribe 
of Pawnees, braves, squaws, pappooses and 
dogs, left their 2 villages, 12 miles South 
of Fontenelle, Nebraska, on the South side 
of the Platte river, marched across the low- 
land between the Platte and Elkhorn rivers, 
and camped on the Western side of the Elk- 
horn, just across from Fontenelle. They 
claimed to be going on a grand buffalo hunt, 
to last several moons. The next day half 
a dozen bucks crossed the river about 12 
miles above Fontenelle, and attacked an old 
bachelor who was living alone in a little log 
hut. The bucks showed emphatically their 
disapproval of celibacy by taking $136, a 
package of valuable papers and a yoke of 
oxen, and by drinking all the settler's whis- 
key and locking him in his shanty. Three 
hours later the settler broke open to free- 
dom, and made his way to Fontenelle, where 
the alarm quickly spread. A company of a 
dozen men was organized, and an advance 
was made on the scene of the outrage. No 
Indians were discovered and the company 
returned to Fontenelle and disbanded. 
Two days afterward the people living at 
West Point came down to Fontenelle in a 
body, and reported that marauding bands 
of Pawnees had burned the homes of the 
settlers, and ripped up their feather beds, 
scattering the contents to the winds, and re- 
serving the ticks to be used as blankets. 
Clocks had been torn to pieces in search of 
brass wheels to hang in the savages' ears ; 
cattle and horses had been freely confis- 
cated. 

Here was cause for war. The campaign 
opened the next morning. Thirty men, 
armed with rifles and revolvers, started for 
West Point in wagons.. When they reached 
there arrangements were made to capture 
the Indians. A few of the settlers took po- 
sitions in one room of a double log house, 
while the others kept out of sight. The peo- 
ple of the house were instructed to admit 
the Indians into the unoccupied room, and 
after they were all in, to fasten the outside 
door securely. The door between the rooms 
was then to be opened, the white men were 
to rush from the room in which they were 
concealed into that occupied by the In- 
dians, and the capture of the savages would 
be easy. 

The Indians, 11 in number, approached 
the house, were invited to walk in. and ac- 
cepted. The outside door was fastened; 
the signal was given ; the door between the 
2 rooms was opened ; the white men rushed 
with a yell into the room which was occu- 
pied by the Indians, and — captured the whole 



posse? Not much. The greasy, slippery 
devils shed their blankets, dived down 
among the legs of the white men, slipped out 
like eels, burst open the door and were out 
of the room like a flash. All the white men 
had to show for their stratagem was a slug 
in the wrist of one of their own number. 
The whites followed the Indians out of the 
house and blazed away at them as they ran 
toward the river. Two or 3 of the Indians 
were killed and one was wounded. The 
whites captured him, having brought him 
down on the wing by a shot which should 
have been better aimed. 

The settlers then hastily assembled their 
wagons, put the wounded Indian in one of 
them, and started back to Fontenelle. They 
had not gone far when the Indian gave evi- 
dence of being dead. He was closely exam- 
ined by those in the wagon, who agreed that 
he was a goner. As it would not pay to 
haul dead Indians, the wagon was driven to 
the bank of the Elkhorn near which the 
road ran, and the corpse was pitched into 
the river. As soon as the Indian struck the 
water he dived down and swam under water 
for the opposite bank. Even an Indian can 
not stay under water all the time ; and when 
that red rascal broke the surface of the 
stream as he came up to get a whiff of air, 
a load of buckshot was deposited in the 
back of his head. He never reached the 
other side. 

It was reported every day for a week that 
10,000 Indians were approaching the town 
fully attired in the traditional war paint and 
feathers. The people were kept in excited 
suspense. At night each bush or shrub was 
transformed into a stealthily approaching 
redskin. This could not be borne long, so 
the hastily equipped militia soon took the 
offensive and marched in the direction of 
the Pawnee camps. Late one night they 
halted on the outskirts of the lodge and 
struck camp. 

At 3 o'clock in the morning they were 
aroused and in a short time were on the 
move. At daylight the Indian camp was 
seen, near the junction of a small stream 
with the river. A large extent of ground 
was covered by the lodges, and here and 
there Indians glided about, unconscious of 
the approach of an enemy. In a few mo- 
ments, however, they discovered the whites, 
the camp vanished like magic and in an in- 
credibly short time the wide river bot- 
tom was swarming with redskins, some 
mounted, some on foot, all shouting and 
yelling, striving to make their escape. They 
leveled their lodges to the ground but did 



»5 



n6 



RECREATION. 



not attempt to take them away. They 
thought only to save themselves. The Oma- 
has encamped with the Pawnees did not 
run, neither did they strike their tents, but 
remained in them, knowing they had no 
reason to fear the whites. 

The mounted settlers crossed the stream 
at once and followed the flying Pawnees, but 
some time was lost in getting the wagons 
is the miry stream. Finally the entire 
force was safely landed on the Western side 
of the creek and moved up the river. The 
tall slough grass through which they passed 
concealed a good many of the weaker ones 
among the Indians, who, finding themselves 
unable to keep up with the others, had 
dropped down in the rank grass hoping to 
be passed by. On either side could be heard 
the cries and yells of pappooses thrown away 
by the frightened squaws in their endeavor 
to travel light. Small dogs, pet badgers, 
wolves and "sich" had also been left by 
their masters to shift for themselves, and 
they added their cries to the noise and con- 
fusion. In a short time not an Indian was 
to be seen where but half an hour before 
thousands had swarmed. They had taken 
shelter among the willows on the river bank 
and in the breaks along the bluffs on either 
side of it. 

They did not permanently escape. An un- 
der chief of the Pawnees, a fat old codger 
who was trying to get away on foot, was 
overtaken by a horseman who shot at him 
and missed him. Just as the horseman had 
secured a better aim for a second attempt 
the Indian threw up his hands and surren- 
dered. He was told to call his tribe togeth- 
er for a parley immediately or he would be 
killed. The Indian was glad of this chance 
for saving his life and at once set up a ser- 
ies of terrific yells, in answer to which red- 
skins lifted their heads and approached 
with caution, when the prisoner explained 
that a parley with the "Cherokee man" was 
necessary. 

By that time the scattered white forces 
had gathered, the wagons were corralled 
and a line of battle was formed with a 6 
pound brass piece in front and the horsemen 
on the flanks. When the Indians who were 
looking about, discovered the weakness of 
the force they had been running from, they 
left their hiding places and approached read- 
ily. They were ordered to keep a respect- 
ful distance in front and only the chiefs 
were allowed to come to the wagons. The 
Indian force constantly received additions 
to 'ts numbers, and before an hour had 
pn^ed the whites were confronted by about 
2.000 redskins. The Pawnee chiefs were 
told that they could have their choice of 
giving up the braves who had been engaged 
in the robbing and burning about West 
Point and paying the expenses of the expe- 



dition out of moneys due them from the 
government, or of fighting. 

It was finally arranged, after several 
hours' discussion, that the terms proposed 
would be acceded to. Then began a hunt 
for the braves who had been raising Cain in 
the settlements. By the middle of the af- 
ternoon 7 young fellows were tied behind 
one of the wagons and the party was mov- 
ing toward a suitable place to camp for the 
night. 

When the young Indians were given up, a 
squaw belonging to one of them insisted on 
being allowed to go with her brave. When 
this request was denied, she screamed and 
cried, tore the hair out of her head by great 
hand fuls, threw her arms around the young 
fellow's neck and gave way to the most vio- 
lent grief. She was dragged away from him 
with difficulty, and the party proceeded, 
traveling but a few miles before going into 
camp. One of the prisoners seemed to be 
suffering greatly and one of the doctors 
made an examination. He found that tbe 
brave had been shot through the body and 
that the wound was mortifying. The young 
fellow was one of the party of n who had 
been shut up in the room at West Point and 
he had been shot in running from the 
house. The doctor said he would not live 
to reach the settlements. He was there- 
fore set free and told to go back to his tribe. 
He was found dead the next morning a 
short distance from camp. 

Having struck camp, a supper of black 
coffee, fat bacon, molasses and a certain 
kind of hot bread peculiar to the plains was 
prepared and eaten with relish. 

Early the next morning the march was re- 
sumed. Within a few miles the company 
reached a high point of ground from which 
a magnificent and picturesque scene burst 
on their view. At their feet was the 
Indian camp, then a scene of active com- 
motion, for the red men had just discovered 
the approach of the whites and were rapidly 
gathering their ponies from the neighboring 
hills. It was a mutual surprise. The 
whites had supposed the Indians would re- 
main for the night at the place where the 
powwow was held, and the Indians thought 
the settlers had turned back that morning 
intending to go home by the route they had 
come. 

It was decided to get everything ready to 
repel an attack, move along as if the 
Indians were not there and trust to Fate for 
the rest. The 6 prisoners were tied together 
and fastened by a rope to one of the wag- 
ons, behind which they trudged quietly, sur- 
rounded by a mounted guard. The com- 
pany did not go through the camp, but 
passed along one side of it. A few squaws 
and pappooses came out to see them as they 
moved past, but the Indians generally re- 
mained about their tents. Among the squaws 



HIAWATHA. 



117 



was the one who had exhibited such intense 
grief at the separation from her brave the 
day before. When the wagon behind which 
the prisoners were tied reached her she 
rushed among them and gave her Indian a 
knife, with which he stabbed himself in the 
breast. As he fell heavily to the ground 
the wagon stopped and the guards gave at- 
tention to the wounded Indian. No blood 
was to be seen about the wounds, but a red- 
dish substance resembling blood oozed from 
each corner of his mouth. As the guards 
were doing what they could to assist him, 
his faithful squaw seized the knife and cut 
the ropes which bound the prisoners to- 
gether. Away they sprang like a flash, all 
the guards but one running after them, fir- 
ing as they ran. Meanwhile the wounded 
Indian had stretched out, his eyes sank into 
his head and he gave every indication of be- 
ing dead, while his squaw hung over him in- 
dulging in wild expressions of grief. When 
she saw that the guards were busy in their 
pursuit of the liberated Pawnees, she gave 
her buck the signal and he leaped to his 
feet, as agile as a cat, and started to run. 
He did not go far. One guard had re- 
mained to keep an eye on the corpse and 
when that corpse attempted to run away the 
guard drew up his rifle and called "halt." 
The Indian halted and it was then found 



that the wound he had given himself was 
only skin deep and that he had red ochre in 
his mouth. He was recaptured, tied behind 
the wagon and the procession moved on. 

The settlers proceeded about a mile and 
stopped on a high hill for consultation. The 
guards who had pursued the escaped pris- 
oners returned to the command and report- 
ed that they had killed or wounded all the 
prisoners except the one who had been re- 
captured. This was well enough, but in the 
excitement of the chase they had popped 
over an Omaha brave and had killed an 
Omaha pony. The result of this was a visit 
from a deputation of the Omahas, prepared 
for either war or peace as circumstances 
might dictate. After hours of talk they 
finally agreed that if the whites would leave 
medicine for the wounded Indians and pay 
for the pony they had killed, the Omahas 
would not fight. To these conditions the 
settlers assented cheerfully. 

On the homeward march the whites cele- 
brated freely. It was supposed that the 
Government would enforce the contract 
with the Indians and keep back enough 
funds to pay the expenses of the expedition, 
but the Government ignored the settlers, 
paid the Pawnees all that was due them, 
and the noble white men were left to whis- 
tle for their pay. They are whistling yet. 



HIAWATHA. 



JABOX. 



In history books we all may read, 
How bleeding Kansas used to bleed ; 
How old John Brown and his shot gun 
Sent slavery scooting on a run ; 
But now a something comes to stay, 
A so-called tune, born in a day, 
Which, some think, adds to Kansas' fame; 
This tune rejoices in the name 
Of Hiawatha. 

In Kansas, oratorical stunts 
Were done by John J. Ingalls once. 
He soared aloft, then sad to tell. 
Too much hot air, and down he fell. 
But Kansas, advertised by him, 
Was misty, vague, opaque and dim, 
When put beside this modern boast, 
This tinkling tune that rules the roost, 
This Hiawatha. 

Again, the populist came forth, 
Ravaged the land from South to North, 
His native heath, his natal lair 
Was Kansas, so they all declare; 
But what was he, done for so soon, 
Compared with this outrageous tune, 
This Hiawatha. 



The Nation's Carrie, axe in hand, 
From Kansas swept across our land ; 
Her antics and her grotesque face 
Gained far too much newspaper space; 
But Carrie's glory dims and pales 
Before the jiggly. wiggly wails 
Of Hiawatha. 

Old Egypt's seven plagues have vexed, 
Have tortured, harassed and perplexed 
The State of Kansas, blizzard swept, 
Grasshopper bitten, cyclone ripped, 
But now the worst of all descends; 
A cruel Fate on Kansas sends 
This Hiawatha. 

The multifarious cereal. 

A hundred tricks of Belial. 

The isms and the fads of earth 

Have mostly had a Kansas birth ; 

But save us, men and angels, save. 

Lest we go down into the grave 

And shuffle off our earthly pains 

While listening to the maddening strains, 

The racking, pestering, sickening, blithering 

strains 

Of Hiawatha. 



THE HUDSON BAY COMPANY. 



S. A. PADDOCK. 



In 1670 a party of men bound together 
under the name of the Hudson Bay Com- 
pany, came to America for the purpose of 
carrying on a fur trade with the Indians, 
and immediately built a few forts along 
the cheerless shores of the vast, landlocked 
of water from which their company 
derived its name. They were under the 
patronage of Prince Rupert, second cousin 
to Charles II. Their charter gave them 
the grant of exclusive trade, besides full 
possession in perpetuity of all lands in the 
shed of Hudson bay. A lucrative 
trade with the redskins was soon estab- 
lished, and large dividends were paid to 
the fortunate shareholders until near the 
close of the 1 8th century. Then the com- 
pany's prosperity began to be seriously 
affected by the energetic competition of 
Canadian fur traders. 

While Canada was owned by the French, 
the Company, because of the monopoly 
which it enjoyed, carried on its business in 
anything but an enterprising way. It was 
content to wait on the coast for furs to be 
brought to it, instead of pushing into the 
interior and sending forth agents. The 
conquest of Canada by England in 1761 
revolutionized the fur trade and, indeed, 
ruined it for several years. Then the Brit- 
ish began trading with the Western Indian 
tribes, and worked farther and farther into 
the forest until the Athabasca and Church- 
ill rivers were finally reached. 

The Hudson Bay Company was roused 
from its torpor by the competition of other 
traders and in 1774 established a fort on 
Sturgeon lake. Up to that time almost 
nothing had been done toward the explora- 
tion of its extensive territories. 

The same year an obstacle more serious 
than the opposition of a rival company 
in the shape of a conspiracy among 
the Indians to exterminate the traders. 
But it was the redskins who were exter- 
minated, or nearly so; not by the paleface, 
but by that dread disease, the smallpox. 
The scourge raged until only a few insur- 
gent natives remained alive. That con- 
spiracy was the direct cause of the con- 
solidation of the scattered Canadian fur 
traders into an association, consisting of 16 
and later of 30 partners, under the name of 
the Northwest Company of Canada. It 
strove vigorously but vainly to force the 
Hudson Bay Company out of the field. Its 
agents busied themselves with exploring 
the vast territory of Canada, and estab- 
lished several trading posts. The most 
famous of their explorers was Alexander 



Mackenzie who, in 1789, reached the Arctic 
ii and discovered the mouth of the great 
river winch now hears his name. Later 
he crossed the Rocky mountains and fol- 
lowed the Fraser river to its mouth in 
rgian gulf. 

Thus it came about that the new com- 
pany in time ruled the country from the 
Canadian lakes to the Rockies. It even en- 
croached on its rival's territory to the North 
and forced it to act or he wiped out of ex- 
istence. Accordingly the original com- 
pany pushed its posts farther into the in- 
terior, and in 1821 established a settlement 
on Red River, South of Lake Winnipeg, 
thus putting an obstacle in the way of its 
competitor. The Northwest Company was 
not inclined to tolerate this, and a mighty 
quarrel broke out, resulting in a war, last- 
ing 2 years and ending only when the Red 
River settlers were forced from their posi- 
tion after the murder of Semple, their gov- 
ernor, in 1816. Though that was the end 
of active warfare it was not until 1821 that 
the terrible feud came to an end. It must 
be remembered that at that time law had 
little force in the trackless wilderness. 

The feud had a most demoralizing effect 
on the Indians, for both sides, each endeav- 
oring to swell the numbers of its allies, sup- 
plied whiskey in unlimited quantities to the 
Indians. As a consequence the whole re- 
gion became the scene of battle, and if it 
had long continued the most important 
tribes would probably have been extermi- 
nated. 

The income from the fur trade was rapid- 
ly diminished until both companies were 
forced to discontinue dividends. This state 
of affairs existed about 6 years. It was 
seen that if the feud did not soon end both 
parties would be ruined. There was but 
one thing to do, and that was to hand to- 
gether into one company. This they did in 
1821. under the old name of the Hudson 
Bay Company. After that, the former ene- 
mies, working for mutual benefit, pros- 
pered and were soon able to pay half yearly 
dividends of 5 per cent. 

The Indians also prospered, for whiskey 
was denied them by the Company. In fact, 
the savages had to ero without fire water 
until 1873. when whiskey smugglers from 
the United States supplied them with it. 
The wily smugglers returned across the 
boundary with their wagons loaded with 
furs and in certain parts of the country the 
Company's (treat warehouses remained 
empty throughout the year. 

The Canadian Government was called on 



118 



THE HUDSON BAY COMPANY. 



119 



for aid, and laws prohibiting the introduc- 
tion of malt and spirituous liquors into 
the Northwest Territories were immediate- 
ly passed. Moreover, the organization 
now known as the Northwest mounted po- 
lice was charged to enforce them. 

Soon after the formation of the new 
Hudson Bay Company, the British Gov- 
ernment granted it a license — terminable 
in 21 years, but renewed for a like term 
in 1838— of exclusive trade throughout the 
territory from Labrador to the Pacific, and 
from the Red river to the Polar ocean. 
Twenty-eight years later the Government 
granted a further license of exclusive trade 
and management over Vancouver Island to 
prevent its being annexed by the United 
States. The Company then held control of 
4,000,000 square miles of territory and its 
yearly profits were immense, amounting to 
£81,000 with a paid up capital of £400,000. 
It was reconstructed in 1863 with a capital 
of £2,000,000 for the purpose of enlarging 
its field of operation. 

Over that vast country about 200 trading 
posts have been established. These forts 
are without exception placed on the shore 
of some lake or river so furs may be 
easily transported. The business of the 
larger forts with the Indians is carried on 
by a chief trader and a general adminis- 
trator. About 3,500 clerks, postmasters, 
surgeons, etc. are employed, and nearly 
too,ooo hunters and trappers, both white 
and Indian, serve the great corporation. 
Many ocean vessels are employed on the 
Northwest coast to carry on trade with the 
natives. Forty years ago this trade alone 
employed 1,000 men, 5 armed sailing ves- 
sels and one armed steamer. 

During the short season when the North- 
ern lakes and rivers are navigable the ac- 
cumulated furs are transported in canoes 
to York or Moose Factory on Hudson 
bay, thence either to Montreal or Van- 
couver. Ultimately most of them go to 
London. It takes many months for furs 
to reach their destination from far points 
in the interior, on account of the numer- 
ous rapids and portages to be passed, and, 
above all, because of the long winter. 



The Company annually exports £150,000 
to £200,000 worth of peltries to England, 
besides exchanging many pelts for Russian 
and American furs ; while a large number 
are exported direct to China. The profits 
are immense. Money or goods from 5 to 75 
cents in value is given to the Indian for 
a marten skin worth $10 to $30. For a 
$500 fox skin poor Lo receives but little 
more. 

The Company claims that its influence 
over its savage dependents has been ben- 
eficial. So it has, for itself, at least. 
Whether the conversion of a free, hardy, 
frugal and self reliant savage into a lazy, 
dependent, drunken and diseased being, 
practically enslaved by a vast monopoly, is 
a gain to the world at large, may well be 
questioned. 

Moose Factory is over 200 years old, and 
has for some time been the main port on 
James bay. There are situated the head 
offices for the region ; and, as the vessel 
from England lands all supplies there, it 
is the center of distribution for the whole 
bay. The population is about 200, con- 
sisting exclusively of Company employees 
and their famlies. Several hundred In- 
dians are connected with the post. A small 
saw mill manufactures lumber for all the 
posts in the region. A boat building shop 
is also maintained, which has turned out 
vessels capable of crossing the open bay. 

Moose Factory is also the headquarters 
of the missionary diocese of Mooseone. 
A substantial church has been erected, as 
well as a residence for the bishop. Out- 
lying stations have been established at 
Fort Hope, Fort Albany, York Fort. Rup- 
ert's House, etc. The Indians are all nom- 
inally Christians ; most of them are able 
to speak English and to read in their own 
language (Swampy Cree). They use a 
system of phonetic spelling well adapted 
to the language. South of New Post the 
Indians are Ojibways, and adherents of the 
Roman Catholic church. They do not use 
the phonetic writing, but can write in the 
ordinary characters as taught by the Cath- 
olic missionaries. 



The Guide : Well, here we are on the 
peak at last. 

The Tourist : Do you mean we can get 
no higher ? Don't say that I can ascend no 
farther! 

The Guide: Well, you can climb up this 
alpenstock if you want to. It's 7 feet long. 
— Chicago Tribune. 



VENEERED HUMAN NATURE. 



GRANT WALLA* 
In the San Francisco Bulletin. 



All healthy and normal souls love the 
:v oi trees and mountains. What a 
be away for a season from the 
crowded pavements and the marts of sordid 
men, where familiarity begets contempt and 
weariness of spirit, to the wilderness of 
crags and pines, fresh and inspiring as when 
spilled from the hand of the Creator, where 
familiarity begets only respect and tender- 
Forever, the highest wisdom springs from 
the tenderest feelings. Your laboratory 
scientist, coldly intellectual, unemotional, 
may observe external facts, and tabulate 
and compare; but he shall never lay hold 
on the big, eternal truths of life until he lets 
emotion play under intellect, even as the 
flame plays under the crucible of cold min- 
erals in his laboratory. Then the gold 
cometh. 

Your city man comes forth encrusted with 
materiality, functioning brilliantly enough 
on the mental plane, but lacking in that 
close sympathy with his brother men and 
his brother beasts and birds and that tender 
interest in and consideration for their lives 
and comfort which the quiet, observant 
rustic displays. 

The city for intellect, the country for 
genuine human feeling. The city for smug, 
refined hypocrisy in half the acts of life, 
the country for uncouth candor and un- 
manicured sincerity. 

For the most astounding examples of 
ironed and perfumed savaeery, commend 
me to the urban product. The countryman, 
particularly the mountaineer, who has time 
for mediation, may wear clothes that do 
not fit him: he may mispronounce some of 
his words: but. as a rule, he is genuine and 
tender souled : but he never shoots a deer 
if he docs not need it. 

The city either breaks or hardens the 
heart. It is ever the grave of innocence and 
wholesomene^s and rest. The unnatural 
conditions of modern city life, the develop- 
ment of low cunniner. the mad scramble for 
pelf and place, make brutes of men, and 
encase whatever of soul there may be left 
in them in a cru^t of heartless materiality, 
thick and impenetrable. Civilization has 
ever developed the physical arrd the intel- 
lectual at the expense of the psychic, the 
humane and the spiritual. 

Such are a few of the reflections that 
crowed my mind as T lay. rolled in my 
blanket, on a luxurious and fragrant bed 
of yellow pine needles and blossoming wild 
buckwheat, in a gloomy rhus thicket on the 



lonely summit of the Sierra de la Liebre 
mountains. 

Range on range of sun-baked mountains, 
covering hundreds of square miles to the 
West and South, practically uninhabited 
save by the deer, the puma, the wildcat and 
the quail, had melted into hazy blue and 
had then merged into the general blackness. 
It was the heart of the deer country, and 
my duties as Government Ranger in the 
great forest reserve had been rendered 
doubly arduous for a month by the neces- 
sity of keeping a watchful eye on the bands 
of deer butchers from the cities, and in 
seeing that forest fires were not started 
from their camp fires. 

These conscienceless hunters seem, many 
times, to take a vicious pleasure in see- 
ing how rapidly and completely they can 
pull off their veneer of urban civilization and 
revert to their true characters of irresponsi- 
ble savages, as soon as they are out of the 
sight of the blue coated policemen. Time 
after time, in ranging up and down the 
mountain streams of Ventura, Los Angeles, 
San Diego and San Bernardino counties, I 
have found the outlets of the trout pools 
dammed up where these gentlemen sports- 
men from the city had waded in and thrown 
all the fish out on the banks, in order that 
they might carry into camp a great catch 
of 75 to ioo trout, and so make a record. 

It is these same gentry who boast of 
shooting ioo doves a day, whether nesting 
or not : who slaughter mother does and 
tiny milk-drinking, spotted fawns, when- 
ever the Ranger or the deputy game warden 
is not watching: who scatter leaden death 
among the mocking birds, the orioles and 
the little families of half grown quails, pip- 
ing behind their mothers around the water- 
holes in the canyons, and whose motto is 
"Kill, kill ! No matter what it is. kill !" 

As I drowsed under the stars, I remem- 
bered how, a few hours before, in follow- 
ing the trail of a puma over the Liebre, 
it had led me to the recently abandoned 
camp of a party of 4 deer slayers, hard 
by the only water-hole in that region, I 
caught a glimpse of the tawny "terror of 
the mountains" as he slunk away, waving 
his long, black tipped tail with quick jerks 
as an angry house cat does. At the same 
time 2 coyotes and a family of silver foxes 
scampered away into the buckthorn chapar- 
ral at my approach. All had been devour- 
ing fragments of venison and gnawing at 
the half stripped carcases of deer surround- 
ing the abandoned camp. 



12* 



VENEERED HUMAN NATURE. 



121 



I counted portions of 14 deer, large and 
small. Two spoiled hides lying near 
were clearly those of does, which it is 
never lawful to kill here. I am told the 
campers admitted killing 20 deer, in 2 
weeks, by the murderous method of lying 
in wait at night at the spring and shooting 
them down as they came to quench their 
thirst. 

These sportsmen are the highest product 
of our alleged civilization. All these 
4 veneered savages are professional men ; 
2 being physicians who, having broken 
down their own health in a mad scramble 
to build up the health and deplete the pock- 
etbooks of other people, had sought retire- 
ment in the wilderness to commune with 
nature with repeating rifles and pump guns 
loaded with buckshot. Health to them 
spelled death to every wild thing within 
range. 

Yet, curious commentary on the helpless- 
ness of man, were these banal lead sling- 
ers to be deprived of their breech loaders 
and compelled to wrestle with the wilder- 
ness for an existence, they could not for a 
day compete with the chipmunk or the cot- 
tontail. 

Were we to dub such sportsmen beasts 
we would owe an apology to the 4 footed 
ones, for none, save the puma and the 
grizzly bear when angered, will kill more 
than it needs. Only man kills for the mere 
sake of killing. Only civilized man swings 
the besom of annihilation. It was not the 
Indians who annihilated the millions of bi- 
zon on our plains. It was sportsmen such 
as I am describing. 

One night I was awakened at 2 o'clock 
by the blood-chilling cry of a mountain lion. 
A little later, from a distance came the 
sound of squealing, and the "woof-woof!" 
of terrified pigs. On my way down the 
mountain next morning I passed the spot, 
an ancient hog corral built of chemisal 
brush, in which possibly 2 dozen wild hogs 
had taken refuge. There the lion had found 
them in the night, and with a savage feroc- 
ity almost equalling that of the college-bred 
deer butchers, he had struck dead 11 of the 
pigs. I found 5 or 6 others wandering 
about in the canyon, some with their throats 
or sides torn open, others with eyes 
scratched out; for the puma strikes with 



extended, rigid claws, and the results are 
frightful. 

I have found does wounded and left to 
die by heartless gunners, and birds and 
fishes killed for the sake of killing, and 
thrown away. 

A friend, a mountaineer, had half a dozen 
pet does and fawns which fed with his cat- 
tle, and which he prized highly. While ab- 
sent one day some city sportsmen killed all 
of them. 

All sounds are musical in the woods, save 
the crack of a rifle. There is nothing more 
terrible than case hardened, pavement civ- 
ilization with a gun. It is not the set- 
tlers, many of w : hom do not kill one deer 
apiece per year, but the kid glove type of 
hunter from the city who slaughters re- 
morselessly, and sweeps the California hills 
clear of every form of wild life. 

They are as senselessly destructive as the 
ravening kangaroo rats which carry off my 
spoons and pencils; objects entirely useless 
to them. These men are the pickpockets of 
Nature, nor have they the excuse of the 
wild justice of revenge, or the necessity of 
self protection. Ancestral blindness wraps 
them up. 

To remonstrate with such men is like 
feeding meat to a horse. Had they other 
eyes than those of corded fat and gristle 
they might get far greater pleasure out 
of hunting the wild creatures of the wood 
with a camera; and they would find it 
would require greater patience, knowledge 
and acumen to still hunt thus, than to make 
the ground wet with the blood of , fawns 
and orioles. 

Year after year these cultivated vic- 
tims of the continuous calamity of blood- 
thirstiness are permitted to roam the woods 
and mountains, blind to all the real beauty 
about them, forever gripping a long range 
gun and groping about, like the puma or the 
giant^ in the nursery tale, with his "Fee-fo- 
fum," smelling blood and prey. At this rate 
it is only a question of a few years when 
there will be left in California neither game 
nor songsters larger than the cicada. 

May the gods endow such Goths and 
Huns of the fields with a conscience, equal 
at least, to that of the wolf, which kills only 
what it needs ! 



"Oh, yes, I've opened an office," said the 
young lawyer; "you may remember that 
you saw me buying an alarm clock the other 
day." 

"Yes," replied his friend; "you have to 
get up early these mornings, eh?" 

"'O, no. I use it to wake me up, when 
it's time to go home." — Philadelphia Press. 



SEA TROUT GALORE. 



GOLD DUST. 



During I great blizzard which extended 
over the entire country East of the Rock- 
ies, a friend and I were in camp on the 
banks of New river. New river is 40 miles 
North of Wilmington, North Carolina, and 
for 25 miles is a tide water stream varying 
in width from one to 5 miles, and in depth 
from one to 35 feet 

The population of the surrounding coun- 
try is composed almost wholly of that class 
of whites known in the South as Crackers, 
and of a low type of negro. All the people 
living near the river are fishermen, but they 
also plant a little land with corn, cotton 
and sweet potatoes. 

The blizzard, which they term in the 
South a "freeze," lasted from February 
9th to 15th. Snow fell to the depth of 8 
inches, accompanied by a severe Northern 
gale, and the oldest inhabitants said it was 
the longest and most sovere freeze they 
could remember. The temperature fell to 
zero during the night of the nth, and ice 
formed in many places on the river to the 
depth of 4 inches. Though the people suf- 
fered extremely from eold they were jubi- 
lant over the .prospect of a large catch of 
fish, as the freezing of the river killed the 
fish that were in shallow water. 

New river and White Oak river are 
known throughout the South as the best 
feeding grounds for mullet. Sea trout 
come 'up both rivers with the tide to feed 
on mullet, their principal food. 

Matt and Ben Taylor, 2 old fishermen, 
suggested that we join forces with them 
and take part in the grand scramble for 
trout as soon as the river broke up. That 
occurred during the night of February 
15th. 

The next morning we were astir bright 
and early. We set out for the river, tak- 
ing an axe to break our way to clear wa- 
ter. After a hard struggle we succeeded in 
floating the boats, and were the first fish- 
ermen on the scene. The sudden change 
from cold to warm weather broke the ice 
and caused heavy fog. 

After rowing a half mile or so up stream 
we saw dead trout floating on the surface; 
then the fun began. We had been out but 
a short time when the wind changed from 
South to Southwest and lifted the fog.. 
When we were seen at work gathering the 
harvest of trout, boats were pushed out 
from every point. In a few minutes it 
seemed as if the entire population was on 
the river. A general scramble ensued as to 
who should gather most of the harvest. 
These harvests of fish occur only once in 



4 or 5 years, and then last only a few 
hours ; and all manner of craft are im- 
pressed into use. The women, both white 
and black, take a hand with the men. 

To add to the excitement and our great 
discomfort, a heavy Northwesterly wind 
sprang up, blowing almost a gale. By 
that time we had our boat full to the gun- 
wale. Being in the middle of the river, it 
was a question whether we could reach the 
shore with our cargo or would be obliged 
to throw it overboard to keep from swamp- 
ing. Each heavy sea broke over us and 
added a bucketful or more of water to that 
already in the boat. 

While Matt handled the oars I bailed 
in double quick time with an immense 
gourd. We succeeded after tremendous 
effort in reaching the float ice along the 
shore, but here our troubles really began. 
Our boat was so heavily loaded that the 
gunwhale was b\it little above the surface 
of the water. The waves dashed the heavy 
ice against us until we expected the next 
swell would send us to the bottom. Matt, 
after great difficulty, brought the boat suffi- 
ciently near the shore to allow us to jump 
overboard ; then taking hold of the gun- 
wale we drew the boat in to land. 

On counting our fish we found we had 
a few over 500, weighing 2J/2 to 13 pounds ; 
averaging about 4 pounds each. 

My friend and his fishing partner, Ben, 
were not so fortunate as Matt and L They 
secured only about half a boatload of trout, 
but they escaped the exciting experience 
we had in making land and came in dry 
and warm. Matt and I were soaked to the 
skin with icy salt water. We were just 5 
hours filling our boat and making land. 

All trout caught in the river are iced, 
packed in barrels, and shipped to New 
York and Philadelphia where they usually 
bring 12 to 15 cents a pound; but owing 
to the thousands of fish caught during that 
"numb," and to a combination between the 
fish buyers, fishermen on the river were 
obliged to sell their fish for almost nothing. 
Seven cents was the highest price paid for 
any; and we were fortunate in selling ours 
f>r that. A great many fish were sold for 
3 and 4 cents, and some as low as 2 cents 
each. 

The salt water trout of the South resem- 
bles in form the landlocked salmon, and 
in color the California brown trout. The 
flesh before cooking has the pink color 
of the brook trout and is like it when 
cooked, being delicious in flavor, and ex- 
ceedingly rich. 



m 



AN IMPSON VALLEY FOX HUNT. 



R. J. LONG. 



A few nights ago some one on the edge 
of town wound a few blasts on a hunting 
horn ; for what purpose I do not know. 
It may have been a recall to some errant 
dog or it may have been that the musician 
simply wanted to refresh his ear with the 
mellow notes. Whatever his object he did 
one thing, and that was oscillate the 
brain cell containing the memory of my 
first and last fox hunt. 

Before that hunt I had been a scoffer 
at the enthusiasm shown by devotees of the 
chase. "What sport," I asked, "can be 
found riding across country frosty nights 
listening to the bawling of a lot of 
hounds?" Those to whom this question 
was addressed, knowing my love for all 
other forms of sport, would perhaps in- 
quire, "Did you ever run a fox?" On my 
admitting that I never had, they would ex- 
press their contempt for my ignorance. 

How I came to be converted was in this 
way: Ben Bedford, one of the wildest 
hunters that ever tore along in the wake 
of a bugling pack, won the love of a bright 
eyed Indian girl attending school in this 
city. After their marriage, Ben suffered 
the fire in his smithy to go out and moved 
to Indian Territory, setting up as a way- 
side Vulcan in the beautiful valley of Imp- 
son, 25 miles from the nearest railroad. 
Ben prospered. There was much horse 
shoeing and other work for a clever smith 
like Ben, and besides Choctaw marriage 
had given him the right to fence and cul- 
tivate, or rent to others, as much land as 
he cared to. Saxon like, Ben had a good 
eye for fertile soil. Game was abundant; 
the waters teemed with fish ; his hounds 
were lean and hard and the gray foxes 
gave him the sport he loved best. 

When Ben wrote to his brother-in-law, 
Kinzie Pickard. and me, in the fall of iqoo. 
to come and hunt, I was made glad. We 
took along the bird dogs, for I have ever 
been, in lawful season, a pesterer of whir- 
ring Robert White. Ben's wife was away 
on a long visit, but as each man was a 
competent cook we fared well. I am not 
going to tell how the bass bit in Ten Mile, 
Buck and Cypress creeks ; how Kinzie 
killed red squirrels in the bottoms: or 
how T fogged up the birds over old Faust 
and Pancho. It is enough to say that we 
feasted on bass, birds, and turkey breast. 

We had been there to days, and Kinzie 
announced one morning that he purposed 
running a fox that night. I told him he 
might run a fox if he wanted to, but that I 
did not propose to engage in any such 



silliness. They worked on me that day 
with argument and threat until I reluc- 
tantly consented to go. Preparation began 
at nightfall. Tom Click, a neighbor, could 
not go, but contributed 7 lank, lean music 
boxes, while we had 6. Meanwhile a great 
and unpleasant suspicion had grown upon 
me. From certain glances I had inter- 
cepted and chuckles overheard I concluded 
that I was to be ridden to death or lost 
in the hills; so when we selected our 
horses I chose a black mare of racing 
strain, the fastest thing in those parts. 
They might ride me to a frazzle, but run 
away from me, never. 

It was a great white night, the 6th of 
November, when we started down the val- 
ley with the shadowy figures of the dogs 
trotting around and before us. Ben and 
Kinzie were joyous and elated, while I was 
silent and dubious. I was dissatisfied. Al- 
ways thin blooded, the frosty air was biting 
me ; my dissatisfaction increased. My com- 
panions drew rein about 2 miles from home 
and sat listening. The dogs had been on 
forages on each side of the road, but with- 
out any decided results. Presently Ben 
remarked : 

"They ought to strike somewhere in 
here." 

"Yes," I snarled, "and we ought to be 
at home in bed." 

"Shut up !" retorted Pickard, and silence 
ensued. A few minutes we sat thus, when 
far to South of us sounded a cry that 
was like mellow wine to the blood. It 
was the voice of that good old campaigner, 
Drive ; he who had thrashed and domi- 
nated every pack he ever ran with. The 
cry was answered from all sides. Two 
of Click's dogs darted across the road. 
Kinzie, and Ben were pounding the road 
50 yards away, and the black mare was 
tugging to go. I loosed her rein and found 
myself tearing along in my first fox chase. 
It was easy sailing a while, but we soon 
turned off into a bottom road that was 
ugly and where the shadows lay deep. 
There was no slackening of what seemed 
to me a desperate pace. Emerging, a long 
ridge lay bare and white before us ; gaining 
its crest every note of a wonderful chorus 
floated up to us. I was glad I came ; my 
blood was popping hot ; all else was for- 
gotten in the witchery of moonlight and 
riotous melody. I was at once a full 
fledged fox hunter. 

There was tacking a while in the scant 
brush, and then the chase led straightaway. 
Helter skelter we went down the ridge in 



i*3 



124 



RECREATION. 



pursuit. It seemed the fox was trying to 
outrun his pursuers in a straightaway dash. 
We struck a good road running our way, 
and what racing there was to catch up with 
the pack! We hoard them tree, but before 
we got there the fox was killed. Jim 
Blackburn, living on the road, had heard 
the dogs and been unable to stay in 
bed ; his dogs had joined ours, and when 
he rode to where they had treed, the fox 
sprang out and was killed. It was a large 
dog fox, and after some discussion it was 
decided to return and find its mate. 

This resulted in what the others de- 
clared one of the finest runs they ever par- 
ticipated in. My Lady Fox was soon dis- 
covered, and put up a run for life and 
liberty that for cunning, gameness and en- 
durance won my profound admiration. 
Once she passed us sitting still on our 
horses, in plain view, slipping like a fading 
shadow into the bushes that lined the little 
creek. Never getting out of hearing, seem- 
ingly loath to leave her accustomed walks, 
for nearly 3 hours she trailed, a deadly and 
musical choir in her wake. It was great ! 
It was cruel and pitiful. It was magnifi- 
cent, but I thought of her lord and master 
tied to my saddle bow, self-sacrificed in a 
vain endeavor to lead those speedy devils 
away from the vicinity of his lady love. * 

Finally my lady began to dodge her way 
to a dense swamp far in the North, where 



in its tangled depths she might "gain refuge 
from her toil." Again the rapid ride 
put the blood lust in me, and when we drew 
rein on a hill overlooking the swamp every 
cruel instinct was awake, and I said to 
l'ickard, "I should like to see the kill." 
"Come on," and he was flying down the 
road. It was dark in those depths except 
where the moonlight fell in patches ; 
branches slashed me in the face ; the green 
briar brought blood, but in my ears a bed- 
lam of canine melody was ringing. It was 
soon over. We were within 30 steps when 
they caught her. Dismounting, we ran up 
to the snarling, snapping mass of dogs, dust 
and flying leaves, into which Pickard 
plunged, kicking right and left. When he 
emerged he held the form of my clever 
little lady, already growing stiff with 
death. 

Then came the revulsion. While I said 
nothing, in my heart I hated a hound and 
grieved for the little lady done to death. 
I lay abed next morning and ached in 
every joint and tissue. I was congratulated 
on my conduct and change of heart, and I 
had to own that I had had magnificent 
sport. Magnificent it is ; the wild riding in 
the moonlight, your pulses beating to the 
music of the pack; but when the dogs pile 
snapping and snarling on a little run down 
figure, and the leaves whirl and the dust 
rises it is cruel and pathetic. 



TROUBLE WITH THE LAMBS. 



A Kansas farmer who employed a foot- 
ball player on his farm last summer had 
a herd of sheep that was causing him no 
little trouble. He called the college man out 
into the pen about 6 o'clock one morn- 
ing, and said that he wanted him to herd 
the sheep over to a certain place and then 
drive them slowly back, so as to have them 
in the pens by 7 o'clock that nieht. The 
new herder started out awkwardly, and the 
farmer returned to the stable. 

Supper time came and not a word had 
been heard from the sheep. Finally at 8 
o'clock the farmer began to be alarmed, 
and was getting ready to go out on a hunt, 
when he heard someone come whistling 



through the yard, and in walked the new 
hand, all smiles and apparently not tired 
at all by his day's work. 

"Kinder late. Hev any trouble?" 

"Not much, thank you. Got along very 
nicely. But those 3 lambs did keep me 
busy, I will admit." 

"Lambs ! Ain't got a lamb in the hull 
bunch." 

"Well, I guess you have, all right. They 
are in the pen now." 

The farmer grabbed the young fellow by 
the arm, and they hurried to the pen. There, 
chasing about among the sheep, the farmer 
found 3 jack rabbits. — Kansas City Journal. 



A MASTER OF THEORY. 



G. A. MACK. 



When first I met E. Mortimer Murta- 
goyd he was sitting in a grove of sugar 
maples, watching for grey squirrels. At 
least, he said he was watching for them 
and as he is big and aggressive looking, I 
took his word for it. His toggery was ir- 
reproachable. His corduroy jacket was 
neither too new nor too old. His leggings 
were briar scratched, yet not at all shabby. 
The forearm of his Savage showed a little 
wear, whether from his hand or a bit of 
emery cloth it was impossible to tell. Mur- 
tagoyd is a neighbor of mine and I had 
long been impressed by his exceedingly 
sportsmanlike air; therefore, with my 
most ingratiating smile, I inquired what 
success he had had. 

"I have just come out," he replied. "Grey 
squirrels are most active from 4 to 6 
p. m. If we remain quiet they will soon 
make their appearance." 

"Probably — " I said, glancing at the sur- 
rounding maples, "probably to get syrup 
for their morning wheat cakes." 

My companion paid no attention to this 
puerility, and I tried again. Said I : 

"You have a Savage: I should have 
thought a .22 more suita " 

"Do you mean .22-3-30, .22-5-35, .22-5-40, 
.22-7-40, .22-7-45, .22-8-45 or .22-13-45?" 

"I had in mind the single shot," I babbled. 

"Oh," said he, "the .22-13-45; an excel- 
lent cartridge in its way. .Its m. v. f. s. 
is 1481 : trajectory at 100 yards, 2.71 ; at 
200 yards, 12.63 ; at 300, 33.67. It is capable 
of penetrating 5 %-inch dry pine boards at 
15 feet from muzzle ; but the Savage min- 
iature, .303-5^-100 is much better for 
small game, having more shocking power 
and a flatter trajectory. Its m. v. f. s. 
is " 

"Isn't that a squirrel?" I interrupted, 
pointing vaguely at a distant nothing. 

Murtagoyd produced a field glass and 
looked in the direction indicated. Then 
he lowered the binocular and glanced sus- 
piciously at me. Seeing no trace of guile 
in my countenance, he gazed again through 
the glass. 

"Ah !" he exclaimed, "I see it now. It is 
a female, however, and I make it a rule to 
shoot only bucks." 

Then, and until dusk, a flood of inside 
information rolled over me again ; the 
while I thanked Heaven I had not met him 
earlier in the day. As we left the grove I 
suggested that had he been alone he would 
probably have been more successful in get- 
ting game. 

"Yes," he assented ; "I think your noisy 



approach to the woods frightened the squir- 
rels. A sportsman should above all culti- 
vate noiseless celerity of movement. In 
walking through the forest tread softly on 
the ball of the toot, not permitting the heel 
to touch the ground; and be careful to 
avoid dry twigs." 

He showed me how the thing should be 
done. As an exhibition of airy grace by 
a 180 pounder, it was well enough; as a 
demonstration of silent celerity, it rivalled 
the happiest efforts of a rheumatic cow. 

Subsequently I called, by invitation, on 
Murtagoyd. He was, it appeared, at work 
in his study, and would I step up? I did 
so, and found him writing at a library table 
littered with MSS. and with gun cata- 
logues and other works of reference. 

"I'm glad to see you," he cried. "Sit 
down a minute, dear boy, until I finish 
this treatise." 

The room was large and well furnished. 
On racks hung a small but choice collec- 
tion of firearms, chiefly rifles of late de- 
sign and high power. Every available inch 
of a large book case was filled with pam- 
phlets and volumes relating to ballistics, 
guns and hunting. More literature of the 
same sort was heaped in corners. Photos 
and lithographs of game hung on the walls, 
interspersed with cartridge manufacturers' 
calendars. Presently Murtagoyd looked up. 

"This writing is tedious work," he re- 
marked, "but the public has such erroneous 
ideas about sport, and so much trash is 
written." 

"Ah," I returned, "then you write for 
publication?" 

"Oh, yes," he answered. "Here is a 
little thing of 12,000 words on 'Some ex- 
periments with the .30-40 soft point on the 
equine cadaver.' It is for the Dublin 
Sportsman. In it I illustrate, by anatom- 
ical diagrams, the fatal shots ; also the prob- 
able course of bullets entering at given 
points. It is quite exhaustive." 

"I can well believe it," I interjected. 

"Yes," he continued, "for instance; one 
bullet entered at crest of frontal bone, fol- 
lowed the vertebral column, and the bulk 
lodged at root of tail. Fragments of the 
ball pierced every vital organ except the 
appendix vermiformis. Following out the 
dissection I traced bits of the jacket down 
both posterior limbs as far as the gam- 
brels" 

"Such a demonstration is of undoubted 
value to science." I remarked politely. 

"And here," added my friend, "is a bro- 
chure of 20,000 ems for the London Field. 



125 



126 



RECREATIOX. 



It is entitled 'Neurotic Lesions of Sports- 
men,' and is in 3 parts. The first treats 
generally of hygiene from a sporting stand- 
point. It a - daily cold tubbing, 
deep inhalations and avoidance of stimu- 
lants. The next is devoted to blinking, 
wincing, and other manifestations of gun- 
shyness in man. The last discusses hyster- 
ical superexaltation following a successful 
shot." 

"I presum id, "you write also for 

American publications." 

"Well," he returned, "not often. You see, 
English periodicals accept work only from 
acknowledged authorities; and the dis^ 
ing blue pencil habit is not prevalent there. 
I once sent a brief article of 14,000 words 
to the leading magazine in this country de- 
voted to sport. 1 mention no names, but it 
is published. 1 think, on West 24th Street. 
My contribution was on 'The more remote 
toxic effects of the copper patch on the 
vaso-motor nerves of the moose.' You will 
scarcely credit it. but my article appeared 
in print as an item of 247 words ; and some 
of those were abbreviated !" 

I murmured inarticulate sympathy. Then, 
after waiting for his emotion to subside, I 
ventured : 

"You have a cosy den. I suppose you 
keep your trophies elsewhere, not caring to 
wager them on the efficiency of our fire 
department." 

"Eh — yes." said Murtagoyd, "that is it. 
By the way. this is a charming day ; take 
one of my guns and we will go shoot 
something." 

"Why. really." T answered. "I know of 
nothing to shoot now except chucks." 

"Then we will shoot chucks," he cried. 
"Take that Krag on the farther rack and 
come along." 

"I'm a little shv of heavy artillery," I 
replied, "but T will watch you shoot." 

"All right: but wait a moment." and he 
touched a bell. "Maggie," he said, when 
the girl appeared, "tea, ice, and lemons," 



and turning to me, "Let me offer you 
Some Russian tea ; it's the only drink for a 
sportsman." 

"It's too arctic for me," I rejoined. "If 
you have anything from the temperate 
zone, say Scotch " 

"My dear boy, I dare not give you such 
a nerve-racking concoction; at least, not 
until we return." 

When the tea came, Murtagoyd drank 
one glass, then another. 

"I'm in tine fettle to-day," he said, "I 
think I may venture on a third." 

After he had consulted the thermometer 
and the barometer, we left the house, he 
carrying a Savage, and I. the field glass. 
We traversed a number of fields without 
finding game. At length, while peeping 
over a stone wall. I saw a woodchuck sit- 
ting on the little mound in front of his 
burrow, and pointed it out to my com- 
panion. He crouched behind the wall for 
some time, evidently calculating the dis- 
tance. Then ' he looked at his watch, 
glanced at the sun, wet a finger and held 
it up to test the wind. All this while the 
quarry sat bolt upright. Murtagoyd took 
off his coat, laid it on the wall, and rested 
his rifle on it. 

"I shall aim at the point of its shoulder," 
he announced. "Watch the effect through 
the glass." 

Then he took a long breath, a still longer 
aim, and fired. Whether it was my ima- 
gination or was due to a flaw in the glass, 
I don't know, but I thought I saw the 
chuck wink at me. Anyway, with a deris- 
ive flourish of his narrative, he dived into 
the hole. I considerately kept my eyes 
averted from mv companion. 

"My calculations were absolutely cor- 
rect," I heard him mutter. "That brute's 
name would have been Dennis, but for a 
spasmodic constriction of the muscles of 
my right eye. I must limit myself to 2 cups 
of tea." 



Jack : That's a mighty good looking 
gown, Helen ! 

Helen: This old thing! It's so shiny 
I can see my face in it. 

•That's probably why it's so good look- 
ing." — Exchange. 



FROM THE GAME FIELDS. 



The man who quits when he gets enough, with 
A NEW YORK MAX WHO WEARS 
BRISTLES. 

We went to Bathurst, N. B., September 
16th, last, and on arrival there were in- 
formed by the game warden that 11. A. 
Jackson, of New York city, and his party 
had gone up the Nepisquit river a week 
or so previous ; that all but Jackson had 
taken out licences, but that he had told 
the game warden, Henry Bishop, that as 
he intended to hunt bear only, he would 
not take out a license. 

The game warden asked us to keep a 
sharp lookout for Jackson, as he suspected 
Jackson meant to violate the law. 

We arrived September 21st at our hunt- 
ing grounds, and camped for the night. 
We intended to remain one week, but 
found there a Mr. Storm, a member of 
Jackson's party, and learned from him that 
Jackson had fired at a bull moose the night 
before and had wounded him. This moose 
we found dead 5 days later. Instead of 
staying a week at the ponds we moved the 
next morning, having a suspicion that 
Jackson had sneaked in 2 or 3 days before 
us to some other small ponds, distant about 
12 miles from the South Branch ponds. We 
reached this latter hunting ground the 
night of September 22d, and Wednesday 
morning, September 23d, we met Jackson 
coming out. We accosted him and saw 
strapped on one of his guides a caribou 
head. Jackson admitted the head was his 
and we told him what we thought of him 
in forcible terms. 

September 24th Mr. Smith was injured 
and had to come out of the 'woods. He 
arrived in Bathurst September 29th. He 
went at once to Mr. Bishop, the game war- 
den, and preferred charges against Jack- 
son for killing caribou without a license. 
Mr. Tilt, on going to the place where Jack- 
son had killed his caribou, found 2 other 
carcases of caribou, untouched, except that 
they had been shot. They were not killed 
for the heads, for they were spring calves. 
They were not even killed for meat, for 
not a pound of this had been taken. It 
was simply a case of wanton slaughter. 

William Gray, Jackson's guide, is a thor- 
oughly disreputable man, and is despised 
by nearly all his neighbors. He was, of 
course, a party to Jackson's unlawful work. 
Yours truly, 

Benjamin B. Tilt, 
Abel I. Smith, Jr. 

The facts regarding H. A. Jacksnn are 
as follows : When he and his party ar- 
rived in Bathurst from the woods, we had 
Jackson arrested on 2 charges, one of 
shooting a caribou, another of hunting 



plenty of game still in sight, is a real sportsman. 

moose without a license. The party took 
out only 3 licenses, Mr. Jackson taking 
none. Jackson employed a lawyer and pro- 
tested that he had not violated the law. 
He had some bear skins, which he claimed 
he shot, but said his friends had shot the 
3 moose and one caribou, the heads of 
which they exposed here. You will note 
they showed only 3 moose heads here. 
When the trial came on we did not wish 
to be too severe on Jackson, and on his 
admitting the charge he was fined $50 and 
costs, for the moose episode, and the party 
left town. 

On their arrival at Bangor, the Daily 
Commercial published an article which 
made Jackson out to be a great Nimrod. 
In Bangor they said the party had 4 large 
moose heads, the largest one a beauty, 
having been killed by Jackson, and gave 
full particulars of their trip. A friend sent 
me a copy of the newspaper and I wrote 
the editor exposing Jackson's methods. 
My letter was published, and afterward 
copied into the St. John, N. B., Daily Tele- 
graph and other papers. I send you copies 
of the 2 articles. 

Since then, a guide told me Jackson had 
previously taken moose heads from here by 
splitting the_ skull and concealing the skull 
and antlers in his luggage. 

I learned that Jackson or his party killed 
3 more caribou on this last trip, and did 
not even skin them or take off the heads. 
They simply left the 3 carcasses to rot in 
the woods. 

To further show that this man has been 
always a poacher, a man named Hotchkins, 
of Lambert's Lake, Me., who was here 
lately, tells me he had Jackson fined in 
Maine, some years ago, and that Jackson 
skipped^ out after putting up a deposit. 
There is also evidence to show that the 
Jackson party used their permit to catch 
a few trout at the Falls for catching salmon 
this year. 

We have taken steps to prevent Mr. 
Jackson from getting any license here in 
future, and he will probably find that 
crooked work does not pay among sports- 
men. Yours truly, 
H. Bishop, Game Warden, Bathurst, N. B. 

I wrote Mr. Jackson as follows: 

I understand you killed a moose in 
New Brunswick, September last, which 
had a record head. Will yon kindly tell'me 
wliether this report is correct? 

To which he replied: 

New York City. 
I send you the enclosed from Bangor 
paper. A. II. Jackson. 

127 



I2S 



RECREATION. 



Jackson does not confirm or deny the 

:nent that he killed the moose, but the 

fact that he encloses a clipping from the 

Bangor Commercial which says he did, is 

equivalent to saying 3 1 

Here is a case that should be covered by 
international law, or by treaty. In the 
first place it appears Jackson went into 
the woods without a license, stating to the 
game warden that he was not going to kill 
any other game than bear. The laws of 
New Brunswick do not require a licer. 
hunt these animals. It is clearly shown in 
the correspondence and the evidence pro- 
duced in the New Brunswick courts, that 
Jackson killed 3 caribou and 2 moose, 
though he did not gather the first moose. 
It further appears that he sawed the skull 
of the big moose in 2 and secreted the head 
and horns in his trunk, bringing them out 
without letting the game warden know of 
his having them. William Gray, Jackson's 
guide, was a party to this fraud. 

Then as soon as Jackson crossed the in- 
ternational boundary into Maine he com- 
menced to boast to the newspaper report- 
ers of having killed an unusually large 
moose. On his return to New York the 
Evening Telegram was furnished with 4 
photographs, ostensibly made on this trip. 
One of these shows Jackson sitting behind 
a big moose head, which he claims to have 
killed. Another shows Frank Hays hold- 
ing up a big salmon, which he is supposed 
to have caught. 

Here is an extract from the Telegram's 
report of an interview with Frank Hays, 
a member of the Jackson party : 

Jackson had a great adventure. He 
killed the biggest moose that has ever 
been taken out of New Brunswick. 
Dnn't know how much it weighed, but 
it looked as big as an elephant, and you 
can tell the size of the antlers in the 
picture by comparing them with the 
size of Jackson's head. It was a big 
bull. Jackson fell across him one day 
when he strayed away from us to get 
a record, and he got it. 

I got a couple of moose, and when- 
ever the gang wanted fish for break- 
fast it always fell to my lot to do the 
hooking. The picture would indicate 
that the fish I am holding is a salmon, 
but salmon were out of season while 
were there; so it is not a salmon, 
but it was just as good as a salmon." 

Jackson's number in the swine record 

It is unfortunate that we have not" a 
treaty with Canada which would allow an 
officer to come here, take Jackson across 
the line and try him in court for this fla- 
grant violation of the New Brunswick law. 
— Editor. 



KERR AND POOLE ARE CONVICTED. 
I hand you herewith a clipping from the 
St. Paul Globe, which details the finish of 
the Lakeficld case. The sportsmen of Min- 
nesota have been following this care- 
fully, as it means great things for the pres- 
ervation of game in this State. The war- 
den shall receive the encouragement and ap- 
probation that are due him when he mal 
good haul like this. Recreation, the sports- 
man's best friend, will also be interested. 

I trust that, while you are getting all 
kinds of abuse handed out to you by the 
conscience-stricken game hogs, you will re- 
member that every right minded sportsman 
is with you, and that you will keep on 
roasting the hogs. 

Chas. E. Scofieiu, Ortonville, Minn. 
The clipping says: 

Twenty thousand dollars in fines is 
the most favorable outlook that con- 
fronts William Kerr and Robert Poole, 
of Lakeficld, convicted of complicity 
in the recent attempt to smuggle 3,000 
wild ducks from this State into Iowa. 

That estimate of the penalty assumes 
that the court will impose the minimum 
fine of $10 for each bird; but if the 
maximum fine, $25 for each bird, were 
to be exacted, the aggregate would be 
$50,000. . . . 

The officers of the commission had 
known for some time that a wholesale 
business in smuggling game from this 
State was being carried on in the vicini- 
ty of Heron lake. Finally definite in- 
formation came of a proposed shipment, 
and Captain William Bird and other of- 
ficers of the commission located a large 
number of ducks and other game birds 
in warehouses at Lakefield controlled 
by Kerr, and watched them several 
nights, until final preparations for the 
removal of the birds were completed. 
Then the officers of the commission, 
with the sheriff of Jackson county, fol- 
lowed the wagons in which the birds 
were being conveyed, until they had 
nearly reached Montgomery, Iowa. At 
that point they halted the drivers of the 
wagons, who were induced to return 
across the State line into Minnesota, 
and then they were placed under arrest 
and the birds were seized. The con- 
fiscated game was shipped at once to 
this city and placed in cold storage. It 
was found that there were nearly 3,000 
ducks in the lot. 

In the indictments returned against 
Kerr and Poole, they were charged 
with having tried to ship illegally from 
the State of Minnesota 2,000 wild ducks, 
although the number seized was more 
than 3,000. 

The case was tried at Jackson in the 
district court. It was earnestly contested 



FROM THE GAME FIELDS. 



129 



on both sides, and every point was hard 
fought. The jury found Kerr and Poole 
guilty as charged in the indictments, 
and a stay of sentence was granted 
pending a motion for a new trial, with 
the ultimate purpose of an appeal to the 
supreme court. 

The fine can not be less than $20,000 and 
may be $50,000. 

This is one of the most important 
game cases ever tried in this country, and 
it is earnestly hoped that the Supreme Court 
of Minnesota may sustain the decision of 
the Jackson Court. It is not likely that 
Kerr and Poole are well enough fixed to be 
able to pay a $20,000 fine. If not, they 
should be compelled to go to jail and serve 
out that portion of the sentence which they 
can not liquidate in cash. This might mean 
a long term of imprisonment, but they men 
deserve it. They knew the law and knew 
the risk they were taking. They are known 
to be intelligent men, and if they see fit to 
carry on such a disreputable and destructive 
piece of business as this, with their eyes 
wide open, it is only fair and right that they 
should suffer the extreme penalty. — Editor. 



SOME BRITISH COLUMBIA BUTCHERS. 

My duties as deputy returning officer 
for the electoral district of Richmond, B.C., 
took me, during the recent elections, up 
Howe sound, a stretch of water some 40 
miles long, running in from Georgia, at 
the head of which the Squamish river en- 
ters. At its entrance from the gulf the 
river is wide and dotted with many islands, 
some settled and more still covered with 
heavy forests. 

The shores of all, as also those of the 
sound, are rocky and precipitous. The 
channels between the islands and between 
them and the mainland vary from a mile to 
several miles in width. Deer swim from 
one island to another or from the main- 
land to the islands or vice versa. 

I had chartered a good sized naphtha 
launch and my father-in-law, Mr. Den- 
mark, accompanied me on the trip. While 
passing up the channel between Gambier 
island and the mainland we saw a deer 
swimming with just its back and head 
above water. It was within 75 yards of 
shore and we put on all steam to head 
it off. We had no firearms and no rope 
but the anchor rope. 

There happened to be a spare oar aboard, 
Mr. Denmark grabbed this and stationed 
himself in the bow to deal the deer a blow 
on the head as the boat passed. Mr. D. 
did not get in 'his work in good shape. 
The deer gained the shore and scrambled 
on a ledge of rock in the face of the 
cliff. Full speed astern soon took us 



back to the place where the deer had land- 
ed and there, to our unbounded satisfac- 
tion, we found there was no way in which 
he could get out of his nook except by 
the way he went in. He backed into his 
corner and stood facing us about 30 feet 
away. Our rope was too short to lasso 
him and we dared not land and tackle 
him with the oar as he was a big buck 
and evidently meant business. 

Suddenly the deer jumped for a small 
ledge higher up, missed his footing, and 
went headlong into the water again. That 
was" our chance. We forced the boat in 
between him and the shore, dropped 
a noose of the anchor rope over his head 
and secured him. When we tried to haul 
him aboard he struggled furiously. We 
finally hauled his head over the side of 
the boat and cut his throat with a small 
pocket knife. 

While resting after the capture we saw 
another deer swimming in mid channel. 
Having learned a thing or 2 while cap- 
turing the first, we knew how to go to 
work. We got our rope ready and steer- 
ing alongside, quickly dropped our noose 
over the deer's head and despatched him 
in the same way as the first. They are 
both bucks in prime condition. 

J. Burton, Steveston, B. C. 

You are a disgrace to the Government 
that employs you. British Columbia is 
making or amending laws every year to 
protect its game, yet you, an employee of 
that Government, go out and butcher 2 
deer in the most cold blooded, hideous, 
repulsive manner that could possibly be 
devised. You and your friend should go 
to Chicago or Kansas City and apply for 
work in a slaughter house. You would 
certainly be able to earn good wages there 
and could satiate your thirst for blood 
by butchering domestic animals which can 
be reproduced by the thousands each year. 
It would be much more manly and decent 
to hang up a steer by the heels and smash 
his skull with a sledge hammer than to 
rope a poor, defenceless deer that is swim- 
ming in the water, drag it aboard a launch 
and cut its throat. Your number in the 
game hog book is 958 and that of Wil- 
liam Denmark is 959. — Editor. 



A CALL TO OHIO SPORTSMEN. 
The enclosed article from the Cincinnati 
Commercial Tribune of December 11,1903, 
gives the sportsmen of this State warning 
to prepare for a fight. 

The Ohio Hotel Men's Association, in conven- 
tion, appointed a committee to work for the re- 
peal of the Ohio game laws. The present State 
Legislature will be asked to carry out this prop- 
osition. 

The hotel men state that the game laws are 



x 3° 



RECREATION. 



absurd, hurtful to their business and of benefit 
only to the game warden. At the business meet- 
ing Nicholas A. Court, of Columbus, was elected 
ddent of the association. 

Nobody knows better than you how dif- 
ficult it is to get a good game law and one 
that will stand. The present law, which 
has stood the test of the supreme court, 
permits game to be in possession only dur- 
ing the time it may he hunted in this State 
(20 days), no matter where it came from, 
in or out of the State. Nobody but the 
hotel keepers and game dealers objects to 
this feature of the law. The sportsmen are 
satisfied to have and to hold for 20 days; 
but as the hotel men can not make enough 
money in so short a time to satisfy them, 
they will petition our Legislature to extend 
the season of possession; to allow them to 
handle, sell and serve game at any time in 
Ohio provided it comes from a State where 
it is legal at that time to kill game. The 
result would he that game would be on sale 
in Ohio during almost the entire year; also 
that game would be shot and snared in 
Ohio during the same period, as these sen- 
sitive citizens arc not in business for their 
health, and would surely secure the quails 
with the least outlay of money, namely, at 
home. 

All quails look practically alike to you 
and to me, and it would be distressing to 
see a post mortem held on a quail by a 
hotel man or game dealer on one side and 
a game warden on the other, to establish 
its residence previous to its death. 

I understand the Ohio Game Dealers' 
Association is also interested with the ho- 
tel men in seeing that a long suffering 
traveling constituency is supplied with quail 
at so much per. The market and pot hunt- 
er has not openly appeared, although a shot 
in the direction of the surrounding brush 
would probably wing one. 

It would scarcely be possible for dealers 
to secure game from beyond the State with- 
out encouraging somebody to violate the 
law, so stringent are the laws of all States 
in the matter of the shipping of game out 
of the State. 

The arguments in favor of the present 
Ohio laws are so many and so forceful that 
it is unnecessary to refresh your or your 
readers' memory with a review of them ; 
but the fact that a powerful opposition to 
these laws is in the field and prepared for 
work requires more than discussion and 
expressions of regret ; it requires work, 
now, and continued until the battle is won 
or lost. 

Let us all do our best to defeat this ef- 
fort and at the same time save our game 
from constant harassing and total exter- 
mination. Please press the button and 
start the machinery. 

F. G., Cincinnati, Ohio. 



AS TO BRANDING OF GAME AND FISH 
HOGS. 
I want to offer you a friendly suggestion. 
Your attacks on what you are pleased to 
term game hogs are, I think, frequently made 
in a way lowering to your dignity and to 
the dignity and effectiveness of Recrea- 
tion. You have a good magazine, and it 
is doing a great work, but 1 believe you 
would secure better results and greater sup- 
port from the better class of readers if your 
onslaughts against game hogs were couched 
in more temperate language. 1 know you 
mean well, hut you ride too rough shod. 
W. H. Mullins, Salem, Ohio. 

ANSWER. 

I thank you for your frank letter. I 
always appreciate friendly criticisms of my 
work and you are not the first good friend 
who has given mc the same advice. How- 
ever, I can not agree with you as to my 
methods of hunting game hogs. 

If you were to get into one of your duck- 
ing boats and go after a flock of geese, you 
would not use No. 12 shot. If you were go- 
ing after grizzlies, you would not use a 22 
caliber rifle. If you were going after Sa- 
tan, you would not use a squirt gun. 

When I talk to gentlemen I always try 
to use polite English, but when I talk to 
blackguards and ruffians, the kind of men 
who slaughter game, and then boast of it, 
and have themselves photographed with it, 
I use such language as seems necessary to 
penetrate their epidermis. These men are 
usually thick skinned, and it takes a sharp 
weapon to pierce them. 

As you probably know, some of the other 
sportsmen's journals have been talking 
mildly and politely to such men 30 years, 
and not one of them has ever been re- 
formed by it. On the contrary I have had 
letters from thousands of men saying they 
had never realized the enormity of their 
offences until I went after them with my 
branding iron. They say my words have 
cut deep, that they have now reformed, and 
that they now quit when they get enough. 
Furthermore, many of these reformed 
butchers are now counseling moderation 
and decency among their fellow men, in 
the matter of shooting and fishing. 

It is impossible for any man to under- 
stand the many peculiar conditions that 
exist with regard to these matters, without 
being in such a position as I am in. You 
know how it strikes you and your friends, 
but you do not know how it strikes the men 
at whom it is aimed. Of course I have 
made enemies of thousands of these men, 
but I can afford to have their ill will. Many 
of them have, however, taken their medicine 
in good spirit and reformed. Meantime 
hundreds of thousands of other men and 
boys are fighting shy of my pig pen ; and 
the game and fish are being saved. — Editor. 



FROM THE GAME FIELDS. 



131 



No. 



TWO NEW ANIMAL TRAPS. 
735,957- George F. Eberhard, San 



Francisco, Cal. Filed Oct. 9, 1902. 

Serial No. 126.561. 
Claim. — The combination in an animal 
trap of wire bent on itself to form spring 
arms, the ends of these arms terminating 




in oppositely curved jaws adapted to inter- 
locked provided with impaling teeth, of 
segmental shaped loops, on said arms in- 
closing and approximately in the same plane 
with said jaws, said loops adapted to inter- 
lock each other when the trap is sprung, 
and a trigger whereby said arms are held 
in a compressed position. 

No. 729.786. Edward F. McDaniel, Otisco, 
Ind., assignor of one-half to Arnie C. 
Schlichter, Otisco, Ind. Filed Nov. 
10, 1902. Serial No. 130,707. 



Claim.— An animal trap comprising a 
cage, an inwardly opening door Reading to 
said cage, and means for attaching bait to 
the inner side of said door, whereby the 
animal can gain access to the bait only by 
operating the door and entering the cage. 



WISCONSIN BUTCHERS. 

November 20th, 1902, Leonard Morrison, 
a farmer living 15 miles South of Madison, 
Wis., was hauling corn to his cattle. While 
driving through a small wood lot he was 
astonished to see a 5-prong buck jump up 
and stand watching him. Morrison drove 
to his house, got his rifle, and with his 
brother-in-law set out after the deer. They 
tracked him across cornfields 2 miles to 
where he entered a patch of timber. Mean- 
while another man had seen the buck enter 
the woods and pursued him with a shot gun ; 
he jumped the buck and shot twice without 
effect. The 2 men who had rifles fired at 



the deer as it was disappearing in another 
clump of woods. The buck went on and 
from the last reports he was headed West 
and still going, creating more excitement 
wherever he was seen than an old time 
Indian uprising. Where he came from is 
a mystery, as there have been no wild deer 
in this section for 35 or 40 years, and I 
know of no park in the vicinity from 
which he could have escaped. 

Henri Leo, Madison, Wis. 

Of course the deer must be hunted 
and killed. It would never occur to any of 
these men to let a live deer settle down and 
make his home among them. No ; every 
farmer and every farmer's boy who could 
muster a gun of any kind must turn out, 
join the hunt, follow the poor creature and 
some of them would of course get a bullet 
or more likely a charge of buckshot into 
him. Then all the human hyenas would 
celebrate their victory. — Editor. 




AN ATTRACTIVE GAME FIELD. 

The altitude here is nearly 9,000 feet 
and the climate is temperate. All the 
Southern fruits and vegetables are grown 
here, including many of the sub-tropical 
varieties. From April till the first of July 
the weather is pleasant. The days are 
warm or hot, but the nights are cool. There 
has not been a night since I have been 
here when I did not need at least 2 blank- 
ets. The rains start in July and continue 
daily till the last of August. That is the 
most unpleasant part of the year. The days 
between 11 and 3 o'clock are warm during 
June and July, but the rest of the day is 
fine. The deer are poor and tough in 
spring, but bear and cats are in good con- 
dition. The bear are not fat, but their 
skins are all right for rugs. 

Most people associate Mexico with hot 
weather, snakes, insects and all kindred 
pests, not to mention Indians and bad white 
men. There are no Indians in these parts, 
and bad men, snakes, insects and other 
pests are confined to the lowland regions, 
near the coast and to the South. This is 
a great country, and is fast becoming popu- 
lar with sportsmen. An all the year sea- 
son, no non-resident license laws and plenty 
of game make it attractive, not to mention 
the interesting Aztec ruins and the beau- 
tiful scenery. J. H. White. 
Colonia Pacheco, Chihauhau, Mex. 



GAME NOTES. 

Since writing yon before. T Vnve arrested 
3 salesmen of wholesale millinery houses. 
who trnvel in thfa county.- Two plended 
guilty and paid $50 and costs each. The 
other called for a jury trial. As I have 



132 



RECREATION. 



never lost a case yet, and have evidence 
that will keep, without ice, I am not wor- 
rying about the outcome. Recently one of 
my deputies and 1 went out after 2 Italians. 
We drew a charge of shot from one of 
them ; no damage done. They had 21 song 
and insectivorous birds. Cost them $100 
and costs. Since 1 have begun on the whole- 
sale fellows, they are trying through the 
Wholesale Jobbers' Protective Association 
to make it uncomfortable for me. However. 
as long as I hold the commission, I shall 
continue, in a fair, conservative way, to en- 
force the laws, no matter how much money 
the lawbreakers may have. I have never 
discriminated between violators of the law. 
G. H. Ray, Rock Creek, Ohio. 



None of our sportsmen who went after 
prairie chickens at the opening of the sea- 
son reported large bags. Those who wont 
North into Wood and Adams counties say 
the marshes were so wet that the birds 
sought the brush on higher ground, making 
shooting difficult. 

Our game wardens are busy patrolling 
the game regions with the view of strictly 
enforcing the laws. If they keep on as 
they have started, the prospects are good 
that there will be less violation of the 
game laws than ever before. 

Clerk Goff, of Dane county, has issued 
over 1.300 hunting licenses, many being for 
non-residents. 

Leo Bird, Madison, Wis. 



Reading July Recreation I learn that 
one Charles Gass, of Paoli, Indiana, and a 
friend unnamed, went on a wild turkey 
hunt in this State last Christmas, fired 4 
loads of shot into a big gobbler and failed 
to get him. For the information of your 
other Indiana readers permit me to state 
that the pursuit, shooting or destruction 
of wild turkeys in this State is prohibited 
by statute which provides a penalty of 
$50 and 30 days' imprisonment for a viola- 
tion thereof. I hope Charles will observe 
this law a good deal better than he shoots. 
James D. Ermston, Anderson, Ind. 



Game hogs are thick here. I caught one 
July 3 with 2 little fawns in his possession. 
I arrested him and Justice Sandel, of Eas- 
ton, fined him $50 and costs. That was the 
first arrest made in this part of the country 
for violation of the game law. The other 
hogs are grunting a whole lot, but I'll get 
more of them before I am through. 

J. C, Easton, Wash. 

I am glad you soaked one of these fel- 
lows and trust you may be successful in 
getting the others in due course. — Editor. 



Hunters pay no attention to the game 
laws in this county. Chickens were scarce 
because of wet weather during the hatching 

season. They have been slaughtered re- 
gardless of scarcity and close season. It 
makes me feel like going on a still hunt 
for some of the butchers and giving them 
a taste of their own medicine. 

R. E. Daniels, Orrack, Minn. 

That is just what sportsmen should do in 
all cases where pot hunters go out and kill 
off game before the open season. — Editor. 



I read in August Recreation an amusing 
article by Jean Allison, entitled "Give them 
Marlins." In it he says that when 
the party arrived at their hunting station 
they went to bed and dreamed of juicy buck 
steaks and liver. Did he ever eat a d 
liver? How many of your readers have 
eaten a deer's liver? 

E. B. Brigham, M.D., Indianapolis, Ind. 



Our game laws are strict, especially those 
for the protection of quail. We have a local 
law much more stringent than our State 
law. One man was fined $45 for killing 3 
quails out of season. 

R. A. Thomas, Del Rio, Texas. 



The shooting season opened on Cape Ann 

with slender bags of game. Shooters report 

few birds of any kind. Our mainstay is the 

coot, of which there seems the usual flight. 

B. F. Batchelder, Rockport, Mass. 



Deer are plentiful in this vicinity, with 
bear enough to make it interesting. We 
have a few ducks, snipe and plover. Grouse 
are scarce. 

R. M. Shutts, 
Upper Chateaugay Lake, N. Y. 



Deer, turkeys and quails are numerous 
here. 

. B. D. rtarris, Quitsna, N. C. 



Never shoot until you have a fair chance 
of killing. 



First Missionary: Well, brother, how did 
you get on in your field? Did you convert 
many heathens? 

Second Missionary: Yes, but just as I 
made converts of them, they all became 
hopeless drunkards. — Life. 



He: Was that you I kissed in the con- 
servatory last night? 
"About what time was it?" — Life. 



FISH AND FISHING. 



NOTES OF A RUSSIAN ANGLER. 

BARON PAUL TCHERKASSOV. 

The following notes have accumulated 
during more than 30 years' experience as 
an angler and amateur tackle maker. 

Notwithstanding the great improve- 
ments in rod making in the last 25 years, 
there are some points about the average 
rod of the present day which are not alto- 
gether satisfactory. The first of these is 
the manner in which ferrules are secured 
to the joints. This is done by means of 
pins, which, in the majority of rods, are 



that sickness without having to send 
it to the rod maker, all pins ought to be 
put through so as to enable one to push 
them out when necessary, with the assis- 
tance of the simplest tools; a piece of knit- 
ting needle and something like a hammer. 
This is important, as it is unpleasant and 
difficult to worm out a ferrule pin in order 
to tighten the ferrule itself. 

Elastic rubber cement, melting at a low 
heat, ought to be used for fixing the fer- 
rules on to the wood. The cements used 
formerly to secure the solid rubber tires to 



*, 







in the wrong places ; too high in the male, 
or counter ferrule, and too low in the fe- 
male ferrule ; i. e., in both cases, too near 
the rim of the ferrule where it overlaps 
the wood. The result is that the wood is 
weakened at the point where it is subjected 
to the greatest strain, its elasticity being 
interrupted by the rigid metal ferrule; and 
if there is a smash, it is bound to occur 
just at that point. A further source of 
weakness lies in the exaggerated length of 
tenons, tongues, or dowels, with corre- 
sponding depth of sockets for them. In 
the accompanying tracing (I) a-b indicates 



the metal rims of cycles ought to fill the 
bill exactly. The cement I have used con- 
sists of gutta percha, such as used in the 
manufacture of artificial baits, with or 
without the addition of powdered shellac. 

I have lately come into possession of a 
14 foot split cane grilse rod in which the 
position of the through pins in the male 
ferrules corresponds exactly with the posi- 
tion shown in the accompanying tracing. 

Then there is the old question of flush 
versus dowelled joints. I decidedly pre- 
fer the former, and never have had the 
slightest difficulty in getting a perfect, 



v^\ 




the usual position of the pins in the aver- 
age rod, while A-B shows the position in 
which they would prove just as efficient 
and much less objectionable. In rods with 
flush ferrules, without tenons or dowels, the 
pin of. the female ferrule could be shifted 
higher still, to the position indicated by B\ 
Taking into consideration that all mate- 
rials, except steel, used in the construction 
of rods, shrink under the action of dry 
air, that a ferrule-sick rod is an abom- 
ination, and that it is important to make it 
possible for the angler to cure his rod of 



smooth, suction fit with them, making all 
kinds of locking devices superfluous. If 
there is such a demand for dowelled joints 
as to compel the makers to continue their 
manufacture, the length of the dowel or 
tenon ought to be reduced. The following 
ratio is satisfactory : length of dowel stands 
to length of that part of male ferrule which 
engages with female ferrule as 1 to 3. 

In England of late years, the loose rings 
and keepers, which were formerly consid- 
ered best for fly rods, whether intended 
for trout or for salmon, have been sup- 



133 



134 



RECREATION. 



planted by light standing guides. Snake 
shape seems the most popular, though it 
undoubtedly has some disadvantages. In 
American fly rods the old loose ring still 
appears. The worst part of the ringing 
of the American fly r« >d is the end ring, 
which I have had to alter in all my own 
rods, as well as in those of my friends. 
The fly rod is used rings downward, in 
casting as well as in playing a fish, by the 
great majority of anglers. Under these 
conditions the one ring arrangement, as it 
appears on nearly all American fly rods 
which I have handled, is not satisfactory, 
causing an undue amount of friction. The 
accompanying tracing will help me to il- 
lustrate my meaning (J I, Figs. I, 2, and 3). 
Fig. I shows the way in which the line is 
twisted when working through the one 
ring tip as it is sent out, and Figs. 2 and 
3 show the alteration made by me; Fig. 3 
showing shape given to ring previous to 
bending it as shown in Fig. 2. It is a 
trifling one, and can be effected in a min- 
ute with a pair of ordinary pliers; but the 
advantages gained by it are not trifling, as 
anyone may ascertain for himself. 

The grip pieces, or handles, of split cane 
rods are often put on to the lower joint 
without sufficient care. Several cases have 
come under my observation where the end 
of the lower joint was let into the handle 
V/2 inches, with the natural result of break- 
age in that place. Breakages of that kind 
affect the reputation of the article and of 
its makers. 

I remember when eyed hooks of the im- 
proved modern patterns were introduced, 
the brilliant future prognosticated for 
them. Many of the authorities on this 
branch of angling held that the fly on eyed 
hook was sure to supplant altogether the 
fly on snelled hook, but this expectation has 
not been realized. 

The absence of space between the head 
of the fly and the eye of the hook is a 
serious defect. I found it finical work to 
tie the flies on to the gut in many cases. 
I have experimented, since then, with flies 
tied with a free space, 1-32 to 1-16 of an 
inch, between the head of the fly and the 
eye of the hook, and find that they are 
much more easily and conveniently tied to 
the gut, while not in any way more clumsy 
in appearance. For large bass, grilse and 
salmon flies I recommend return, or loop- 
eyed, hooks, in which the end of the shank, 
after having formed the eye, is laid Sack 
along the shank of the hook, toward the 
bend. 

There is another item about eyed hooks 
which I do not find satisfactory. The eye 
is somewhat small, especially in the larger 
hooks. It might be made larger, so as to 
-"•commodate even a twisted gut snell, 
without in any way making it heavier or 
more clumsy, by reducing correspondingly 



that part of the shank which forms the 
loop and the returned end of the shank. 

Rust proof or brown enameled hooks 
are less obtrusive than the japanned ones. 
I strongly recommend rust proofing for 
double and treble hooks to be kept in stock. 
It may increase their cost, but will certainly 
save more m the long run. 

THE KILLIE AS A BAIT FISH. 
I am told that a few years ago one could 
buy what were called salt water minnows 
in cities on the sea coast. These could be 
packed in sea weed or moss and expressed 
to any part of the country. They could be 
carried in the pocket, apparently dead, but 
when put on a hook and dropped into the 
water would hustle away just like a fresh 
water minnow. Are there such fish and 
can they be bought now? If so. of whom? 
C. J. Brower, Poughkeepsie, N. Y. 

ANSWER. 

The salt water minnow, or killie, is 
extremely tenacious of life, and bears 
absence from water wonderfully well. 
Under favorable conditions it is poss- 
ible to keep killies alive in an ordinary box 
for hours. If they are packed carefully in 
wet sea weed they can be transported with 
ease and may reasonably be expected to 
remain alive 36 hours and possibly longer. 

The packing of killies for shipment must, 
however, be done by an expert if this result 
is to be achieved. In the first place, the 
bottle green killies should be selected in pre- 
ference. There is a common striped killie 
known variously as night killie and bass 
killie, that is absolutely worthless ; it dies 
within a few hours after being caught. 

Only the most lively killies should' be 
used for shipment. The best weed for 
packing them is the ulva, or sea lettuce, 
and the pieces that are used must be bright 
green and living. If poor weed is used it 
will die and decay, killing the fish instead 
of preserving them. 

Great care must be taken not to pack 
tightly. A flat tray is best, if it can be 
handled by the transportation company. 
The weed must be thrown in loosely, and 
in such a manner that each killie is sepa- 
rated from the rest. If the packing is at 
all tight, the wet weed will heat and kill 
the fish. If a flat tray is too clumsy for 
shipment, a basket of open wicker work will 
prove the best receptacle. 

No salt water minnows could be carried 
around in the pocket and survive such 
treatment. The angler must carry them in 
a bait pail like fresh water minnows and 
treat them with as much care. 

These salt water killies will live for 
weeks in small pools of fresh water and be 
as hardy when taken out as they were on 
the day of their capture. In ordering, lay 
stress on the fact that the killies wanted are 



FISH AND FISHING. 



*35 



the bottle green ones with white bellies. 
Captain De Nyse, Bath Beach, Long Island, 
can probably supply them. — Editor. 



SLAUGHTER NOT JUSTIFIED. 
G. C. Gridley returned home yesterday from 
Du Rivier, in the Nippissing district in Canada, 
where he lias been trout lishing a week or more. 
He caught an abundance of fish, sending out 
about 200 pounds and bringing 100 pounds with 
him. — Utica, N. Y., Observer. 

Regarding this report Mr. Gridley writes : 

Whoever informed you of the number 
of pounds of trout recently caught by me 
in a week rather exaggerated it. Six or 7 
•of us went into a club preserve about 180 
miles North of Ottawa, on the Canadian 
Pacific Railroad, crossing the Ottawa river 
at Deux Rivieres, and the entire party esti- 
mated that our catch during the 8 days 
would amount to nearly 400 pounds. We 
had to confine our fishing to about 2 hours 
each day, as we caught more trout than 
we knew what to do with. We sent them 
liberally to our friends and the club. 

G. C. Gridley, Watertown, N. Y. 

Well, what if it is a private preserve? 
Why slaughter fish, even if you do have 
the opportunity and own the land? That 
does not justify you in committing a slaugh- 
ter of fine game fishes. You and your 
friends could not have eaten 25 per cent, 
of the trout you say you caught in the time 
you were there. You may have shipped 
all the others home, but as the trout sea- 
son comes only in the hot weather, the 
chances are that a large number of those 
fish spoiled and were thrown away. You 
seem to have been fishing for a record. 
This ambition that haunts many men to 
make big records, go home and tell the 
local editor about it and get their names 
in the paper is one of the causes of the 
trout streams all over the country having 
been cleaned out. If a man wants good 
trout fishing he must now go to Canada 
• for it. That is probably the reason you and 
your friends bought or leased that land in 
Canada, and if you keep up the pace you 
have already started, you will soon clean 
that out, too. — Editor. 



PRISON TOO GOOD FOR THEM. 
Glen Morse, clerk of the Circuit Court 
of Outagamie county, Wis., and 5 or 6 other 
men were fishing in Evergreen brook, 
Shawano county, and caught 1,200 trout, 
ranging from 6 ounces to 2 l / 2 pounds each, 
so these men told me, in 4 days' fishing. 
Don't you think they got more than their 
share? You might write Glen Morse or 
George Ames, of this city, for verification 
of this story. 

F. U. R., Appleton, Wis. 

I wrote as suggested and Mr. Ames 
replied : 



I was trout fishing with a party of 7 on 
the Evergreen river, 20 miles North of 
Shawano. We fished 3 days and caught 
1,258 trout. Of that number about 125 
weighed a pound each and some a few 
ounces over a poung. 

George E. Ames, Appleton, Wis. 

It is a constant source of wonder to me 
that decent, raw-abiding sportsmen allow 
such swine as you and your friends to raid 
their streams and clean them out every 
year. I wish you had run up against a 
bunch of farmers like those in Illinois, 
who turned out, burned the tents and the 
camp outfits of a lot of fish hogs who were 
raiding one of their lakes, and then ran 
the aforesaid out of the country. An ordi- 
nary prison is too good for any such outfit 
as you and your pals. You should be 
locked in a box car and dumped into the 
Milwaukee river. Your number in the fish 
hog register is 960; Glen Morse's is 961, 
and if I knew the name of the swine who 
were with you, I would gladly label them 
also. — Editor. 



MAY BE A FISH LIE. 

While, in our county seat the other day 
I met several local sportsmen. They 
seemed to have done more hunting and 
fishing than most business men find time 
for and I was impressed with their stories. 
One of them may be of interest to the read- 
ers of Recreation. 

Some time in June, 4 of the fellows, 
Frank Treat, Walter Hanscom and Lester 
Price, of San Andreas, and Alex. Smyth, 
of West Point, went to Blue creek on a 
fishing trip. Blue creek is one of the best 
trout streams in the Sierra Nevadas ; not 
only is it full of fish, but they are of good 
size. 

The fishing was good from the start, and 
as the boys are all experts they had no 
trouble in catching all the fish they could 
use. The day before their return, as each 
had a circle of friends hungry for trout, 
they determined to get fish enough for 
everybody. 

It. must have been a great day, because at 
night 4 tired fishermen counted out 600 
trout, of an average size of 10 inches. 
When the townspeople saw this immense 
catch and were told it had been made in a 
day, many were incredulous, and openly 
accused the boys of netting the fish or of 
killing them with dynamite When shown 
the hook marks in every fish, their doubts 
vanished, and they could but congratulate 
the lucky ones 

E. B. Schaiffle, Valley Springs, Cal. 

If this story is true, these 4 men deserve 
to be sent to jail for at least 6 months each. 
— Editor. 



i 3 6 



RECREATION. 



UNSPORTSMANLIKE. 

The fishing party that went up to Big Bend 
caught 150 bass, 14 catfish, and one eel. The 
party was composed of Jim Mitchell, Tom Sharp, 
Emmet Whorley, Bill Maupin and Alphonse Ep- 
p!cr. They are much elated over the catch. — 
liinton, W. V., Mail. 

To my inquiry regarding the truth of this 
report I received the following reply : 

Four friends and I went on a fishing 
trip around Big Bend tunnel and were gone 
4 days. Two of these days the water was 
too muddy for us to fish. We only fished 
4 hours the first day and 7 hours the 
last day. We caught about 100 bass, and 
a few catfish on trot lines at night. We 
used live minnows for bait and fished 15 
miles of Greenbrier river. 

W. R. Maupin, liinton, W. Va. 

Tt does not appear that you and your 
friends caught more than a reasonable 
number of fish, but you should all be hear- 
tily ashamed of the manner in which you 
took them. No real sportsman ever uses 
a trot line in these days. Neither does he 
set his rod over night. He fishes only in 
daylight, with a rod and line, and if he 
can not get fish in that way, he lets them 
stay in the water until some other time. — 
Editor. 



MR. FEE PLEASE NOTE. 

David Cotton and Daniel Roy, in the employ 
of the Northern Pacific Railway, went to Battle 
lake Sunday on a fishing trip. They caught 138 
pike within 2 hours. — St. Paul Dispatch. 

Concerning this Mr. Roy writes : 

You have been correctly informed as to 
the number of fish caught and the length 
of time consumed in catching them by Mr. 
David Cotton and me in Otter Tail lake, 
near Battle lake, Minnesota. 

Daniel Roy, 
Northern Pacific Railway Co., St. Paul, 
Minn. 

It is fair to assume that the fish would 
average 2 pounds each and that you caught 
in all 278 pounds of pike in 2 hours. Truly 
you have earned a place in Recreation's 
fish hog pen and you shall have it. 

Your brands read as follows : Daniel 
Roy, No. 962; David Cotton, No. 963. 

Mr. Fee, General Passenger Agent of 
your road, is a firm friend of the cause of 
game and fish protection, and I trust that 
when he reads this he will give you a 
month off in midwinter, in order that you 
may have plenty of time to think over your 
cussedness. — Editor. 



caught 180 in one day's fishing. — Yarmouth, 
N. S., Light. 

I wrote Butler, asking if this was true, 
and he replied : 

The report is perfectly true. 

S. V. Butler, Hebron, N. S. 

It appears from portions of Butler's let- 
ter which I have not printed that he pos.es 
as a guide, and, like many others of his 
calling, he believes in making all he can 
out of the trout streams to-day, letting to- 
morrow take care of itself. At the rate at 
which he and his companions are hooking 
the trout, the supply will soon be ex- 
hausted. It may as well be so, for men of 
such swinish proclivities should be com- 
pelled to earn their living by plowing, dig- 
ging potatoes or some other equally hard 
work. S. V. Butler's number in the fish 
hog book is 964; George W. Butler's js 965, 
and James Goucher's is 966. — Editor. 



ALL THEY WANTED. 
The enclosed clipping is from the White 
Hall, 111., Register. What is the use of 
the Government's distributing game fishes as 
long as such brutes are running at large. 

Fishing in White Hall, 111., West of Pegram, 
has been excellent. F. M. Mytinger and J. K. 
Wyatt caught about 100 black bass, weighing 
a pound to a pound and a half. 

Mytinger's confession is : 

Mr. John Wyatt and I caught 100 black 
bass in 3 hours. We could have taken as 
many more, but we had all the bass we 
wanted for ourselves and friends. 

F. M. Mytinger, White Hall, 111. 

I am surprised at your statement that 
you had all the bass you wanted. Men with 
such bristles as you and your friend seem 
to wear rarely quit until compelled by 
darkness, or the exhaustion of the supply, 
or some similar condition. Any gentleman 
who goes after bass quits when he gets 10 
or 15, but it seems to require about 50 to 
satisfy you and the other chap. 

Your number in the fish hog book is 
967, and John Wyatt's is 968. — Editor. 



A SWINISH GUIDE. 
George W r . Butler is satisfied that Nova Scotia 
is good enough for him at present. He with his 
brother. T. V. Butler, and James Goucher are 
trying to rid the streams of this country of trout, 
having caught 103 in an afternoon. Later they 



DYNAMITER FINED. 

Sunday, June 21, a gang of Italians was 
discovered dynamiting fish in Big Sandy 
creek. Marshal Gruber was informed and 
went for them. lie succeeded in getting 5. 
Mayor Stands called on them for $25 and 
costs a man, or $148 for the bunch. They 
paid the fine. It was a good haul for Sun- 
day, but the wish is generally expressed 
that the whole gang, about a dozen, had 
been caught and fined $50 each. We once 
had good black bass fishing here and 
many a fine catch I have made, but dyna- 
mite has been gettmg in its deadly work 
for several years and, I am sorry to say, 
with no loss of lile, except to the fish. 

Sandy, Waynesburg, O. 



GUNS AND AMMUNITION. 

Anybody can shoot all day, but a gentleman always quits when he gets enough. 



THEY WRITE WINCHESTER. 

Chicago, 111. 
The Winchester Repeating Arms Co., 

Dear Sirs — I have before me a copy of 
November Recreation, which I regard .as 
a real sportsmen's magazine and good auth- 
ority regarding our outdoor life. In it I 
see an article about automatic shot guns 
which interests me much. I am a true 
lover of nature, American wild animals and 
game birds, and I enjoy seeking the wild 
creatures in their native haunts. I regret 
to learn that you contemplate making a 
shot gun which will discharge 6 shells in 2 
seconds. You will agree with me that there 
are already too many game hogs at large 
slaughtering birds and game with the shot 
guns of the present day, and should an 
automatic gun be put on the market, it 
would mean that the birds and game will 
soon disappear as the buffalo has gone. 
For instance, a game hog encounters a 
covey of quail ; if he gets a pot shot that 
means a decrease of about half their num- 
ber. When they rise he has 5 shells left, 
and will clean out the whole covey, as most 
of these fellows are good shots and go 
for the game, not the sport. With a double 
barrel gun the birds have a show. 

This is a suggestion to protect our game. 
I shall do all in my power to discourage the 
use of an automatic shot gun among my 
many field friends. That such a gun is not 
intended for real sportsmen is recognized 
by all. 

Mr. Shields has the right idea regarding 
automatic shot guns, and may success fol- 
low him in his endeavor to protect our 
American game. 

An automatic gun may be more modern 
in construction than others and perhaps 
equally as powerful, but just place a fire 
arm of this nature in the hands of a game 
hog and all the game laws in the Union 
will be of little use. I sincerely hope that 
this gun will not be manufactured, but that 
you will see this important fact before it is 
too late, as I think there must be a few 
sportsmen in your company. 
Truly yours, 

A. S. Miller. 

Hampton, Va. 
The Winchester Repeating Arms Co., 

Dear Sirs — I call your attention to an 
editorial in Recreation for November re- 
garding the manufacture of automatic 
shot guns. I wish to go on record as en- 
dorsing everything contained in that ar- 
ticle, and sincerely trust that you are not 



contemplating the manufacture of any such 
gun, which you would never sell to decent 
sportsmen. Only the lowest class of pot 
hunters would use such a weapon, and as a 
rapid exterminator of game it would sur- 
pass anything ever known. This, it appears 
to me, would in the long run injure your 
business greatly, for if there is no game 
what chance have you of disposing of shot 
guns ? A man has no use for a mousetrap 
after the mice are all caught. I have al- 
ways entertained the highest regard both 
for your firm and the goods you manufac- 
ture, and each year use numbers of your 
shells; but should you make the mistake of 
putting such a weapon as an automatic 
shot gun on the market I should not only 
condemn it in the strongest terms, but 
should never again use anything made by 
you. I believe you would be made the 
subject of the most scathing condemna- 
tion by the L. A. S. and by all who deserve 
the name of sportsmen. You surely wish 
to cater to the majority, and the feeling in 
regard to game protection is growing rap- 
idly. If you have had any serious intention 
of manufacturing this arm you will do well 
to abandon it. 

Yours truly, 
Chas. H. Bentley, L. A. S., 3619. 

New Market, N. J. 
Winchester Repeating Arms Co., 

Dear Sirs — I have noticed recently 
that you are about to place on the mar- 
ket a new Winchester gun, an automatic 
weapon, calculated to be more destructive 
than anything now in general use, and I 
write you to protest against this gun. My 
individual protest may not carry any weight 
with you, but you should and probably do 
know that the sentiments expressed in this 
letter are the sentiments of every real 
sportsman in the country. 

It is a notable fact that the game of this 
country is fast being killed off, and any in- 
vention that tends to destroy game more 
rapidly is nothing short of a public calami- 
ty. The guns of the Winchester Arms 
Company are sold almost exclusively to 
hunters, and you should be able to see that 
if this new gun of yours gets in the hands 
of pot hunters it will only be a few years 
until there will be no sale for your guns 
of any description. 

As I have owned and sworn by Win- 
chester rifles and ammunition for the past 
10 years, I feel fully justified in making 
this protest, and sincerely hope you will 
not cause your admirers and customers to 



i37 



i3« 



RECREATH 



blush for you because of your lack of re- 
gard for our animal and bird life. 
Truly yours, 

Joseph E. Kelly. 

Richmond, Va. 
The Winchester Arms Company, 

Dear Sirs — The members of our gun 
club having read in RjBCREATION a statement 
to the effect that you intend to put on the 
market an automatic gun. have instructed 
me to write you and ask you not to do so. 
I am also instructed to advise you that they 
will do all in their power to discourage the 
sale and use of such a gun. Hoping you 
may decide not to manufacture any such 
gun, I am, yours respectfully, 

J. II. Pugh. 



DEFENDS THE SMOKELESS. 

I noticed in Recreation an article by E. 
11. Kern, wherein he condemns the smoke- 
less rifle for its wounding of game, and 
mentions 500 yards as being as far as one 
can kill deer except by chance. Not more 
than one man in 10 who goes to Colorado to 
hunt can guess the distance, and hit one 
deer in 3 shots at 500 yards. Were it pos- 
sible to enforce such a law, there should 
be a fine imposed on any man who shot at 
deer at any such distance, unless it might 
be an animal that had been wounded at a 
shorter range. It is not necessary to try 
long shots in the country North of Rifle. I 
have hunted there and found no trouble in 
getting short shots. 

Mr. Kern says 50 does are killed to one 
buck ; that nearly every deer killed bears 
marks of previous wounds ; and that more 
deer are crippled with smokeless powder 
than are killed. What particular mark 
does smokeless powder make, that he 
can distinguish it from a black powder 
wound ? 

He also mentions the crippled and dead 
deer he saw North of Rifle. There never 
has been and never will be a gun that 
cripples no game, unless built on the Mar- 
tin line, for any gun that shoots may be 
misaimed. Still, if long guesswork shots 
were stopped it would prevent much crip- 
pling. 

In all my hunting in Colorado I did not 
see one dead deer that had been wounded 
and got away to die. I like smokeless pow- 
der, for I wish to see if I hit a deer and 
not have to wait for the clouds to roll 
away. 

The law of Colorado was much im- 
proved last winter in making the open deer 
season September 15 to September 30, and 
in limiting each hunter to one deer and 
that a buck. I can easily see how that 
buck clause might mean a dead deer left to 
rot. 



Anyone not used to hunting big game 
might kill a doe in cover, mistaking it for 
a buck. In that case, as the law stands 
now, the doe would probably be left to rot 
where it fell. 

1 think too much is expected of the game 
wardens. The hills were full of hunters 
and if there were wardens enough to see 
that the law was lived up to in every case, 
the woods would be so full of men that 
g^ame would go to the open country. 

Smokeless :41111s heretofore have been too 
light in weight and too small in bore. The 
last objection has been met to a great ex- 
tent in the new 35 and 38. Like T. S. 
Van Dyke, I prefer a deer killed stone 
dead by a 3 or 4 inch wound, to a deer that 
gets away and dies a slow death from a 
wound that might have been made with a 
fence wire. I have had no trouble with 
deer getting away, but last fall I lost a 
silvertip that perhaps would have remained 
down had I used the 35 instead of the .303. 
Stubb, Orwell, Ohio. 



RESULTS WITH A 50 CALIBER. 

I have been an enthusiastic reader of 
Recreation over 5 years. Guns and am- 
munition have my first attention and I can 
neither eat nor do anything else until I 
have absorbed all that department contains. 
I am in accord with the policy of roasting 
game hogs and will help all I may. 

On the subject of the best all around 
rifle I must say a word. At the risk of be- 
ing called an old fossil I will say my favor- 
ites are 50 calibers. I have owned a 23 
Remington-Lee, a 30-40 Winchester, a 30-40 
Marlin, a 303 Savage, a 25-36 and several 
other high power guns. Their chief points 
of excellence seem to be the power to kill a 
squirrel without tearing or kill a bear in- 
stantly; also to shoot less than 300 yards or 
more than 3 miles simply by using different 
ammunition. 

All this I find can be done with the 50 
as well or better. I give results which can 
be proven : 

Gun, an old style Sharps carbine; shell 
loaded with a hollow base ball with a bear- 
ing of y§ inch and weighing 97 grains ; pow- 
der, 7 grains Gold Dust shot gun. At 200 
yards this load put 10 shots in a 2^2 inch 
circle, and with it I have killed squirrels 
without mangling; 200 yard trajectory, 7.31 
inches at 100 yards. 

Gun, 50-110 Winchester single shot; 
shell loaded with 215 grains hollow base 
ball; 30 grains Gold Dust powder; 300 
yard trajectory, 23.75 inches at 150 yards. 

Same gun : shell loaded with 450 grain 
ball and 50 grains powder gave a penetra- 
tion of 31 inches in pine boards, and I have 
shot with it through a telephone pole 17 
inches in diameter. This caliber, especially 



GUNS AND AMMUNITION. 



139 



if using a hollow point ball, would not be 
llikely to let a deer or even a bear run far. 
When an amateur attempts reloading he 
should know about dense and bulk pow- 
ders, and the initial or breech pressure dif- 
ference between nitro and picric acid pow- 
ders. I think it would be an excellent 
thing if everyone reloaded his shells, but 
until the average shooter learns these points 
it would be folly for him to do so. 

Reloader, Batavia, N. Y* 



RECREATION FAIR. 

Regarding your editorial remarks in De- 
cember, 1902, Recreation, I read the arti- 
cle you mention and received the impres- 
sion that you intended to pay the Winches- 
ter people a compliment by conveying the 
idea that, in view of the character of Re- 
creation and the fair play observed toward 
all parties, they would not be so narrow as 
to take offense and withdraw their ad in 
consequence of such an article. A re-read- 
ing of the article does not alter my impres- 
sion. 

As to the criticism that the Gun and 
Ammunition department of Recreation is 
"comparatively obscure," it seems that the 
contrary is true, at least so far as rifle, re- 
volver and shot gun shooters are con- 
cerned. Neither can I see anything unfair 
in submitting questions which arise con- 
cerning guns or ammunition to acknowl- 
edged experts on those subjects. 

As to the Winchester people having good 
reason for withdrawing their advertising 
from Recreation from anything that has 
appeared in its pages, I do not think such 
grounds exist. I have always been proud 
of such splendid companies as the Win- 
chester and the U. M. C, and have used a 
great deal of ammunition, and I confess to 
considerable disappointment at missing their 
reading matter in the only sportsmen's mag- 
azine which I see regularly. Nothing that 
has been printed in Recreation has influ- 
enced me against their goods, although as 
an ardent advocate of greater game pro- 
tection, I do share some of the opinions 
which have been expressed concerning the 
pump gun, no matter by whom manufac- 
tured. These views are in no way due to 
anything that has appeared in Recreation 
or any other magazine. It would seem that 
a sportsmen's magazine which permits the 
honest criticism of its readers to be pub- 
lished must expect to get along without the 
support of the gun and ammunition makers. 
Howard W. Carter, Norfolk, Conn. 



nancially unable to go on any kind of a 
hunting trip, 1 do the next best thing. 
There is a 100-yard range near my home 
where 1 shoot every Sunday, and where I 
meet all kinds of cranks. 1 was surprised 
one day to see a man there using a tele- 
scope sight. It seems he had lost the use 
of one eye. After studying catalogues and 
having different rifles made, he settled on 
this gun I saw him use, which he says com- 
pletely meets his requirements. The drop 
of the stock is 4 inches and the telescope is 
a Malcolm with side mountings. The 
glass is the wide angle pattern of 2 power. 
I think such an outfit as this would be 
just what Mr. Waterloo wants, as it brings 
the eyes in natural position for shooting. 

I use a 22-7-45 f° r a U shooting up to 200 
yards. A more accurate little rifle is hard 
to imagine. 

Is there any way of letting the hammer 
of a Savage down without discharging the 
gun, so that the action may be opened? 

I should like to hear from some readers 
of Recreation who are interested in target 
shooting for the sport there is in it and who 
live near New York. 

Wm. J. Marshall, New York. 

The inquiry made by Stanley Waterloo, 
who wished suggestions as to how to shoot 
well when deprived of the use of his right 
eye, reminds me of Captain Robert, a re- 
tired French officer, who formerly lived 
here. The Captain had lost his right eye, 
and had had a special stock made for his 
gun, with a proper twist known to gun 
makers, which brought the barrels easily 
in line with his left eye, enabling him to 
shoot with remarkable speed and accuracy. 
Joen Doux, Utica, N. Y. 



ANSWER STANLEY WATERLOO. 
In reply to Stanley Waterloo's letter in 
September Recreation I tender my mite of 
advice. Living in New York City and fi- 



PETERS CARTRIDGES CALLED IN. 

Headquarters, 
Division of the Philippines. 
Manila, P. I., November 11, 1903. 
Circular No. 49. 

The following is published for the infor- 
mation and guidance of all concerned : 

"War Department, 
"Adjutant-General's Office, 
"Washington, October 2, 1903. 
"The Commanding General, 

"Division of the Philippines, 
"Manila, P. I. 
"Sir: The Chief of Staff having been 
advised by the Chief of Ordnance that the 
calibre .38 revolver cartridges manufac- 
tured by the Peters Cartridge Company are 
loaded with black powder which has dete- 
riorated since its purchase, he directs that 
all Post Commanders in your Department 
be required to turn in all such ammunition 
to the nearest arsenal, reporting date of 



140 



RECREATION. 



shipment promptly to the Chief of Ord- 
nance of the Army. 

"Very respectfully, 

-\Y. P. Hall, 
"Acting Adjutant-General.'' 

In the Division of the Philippines the de- 
fective ammunition will be turned in to the 
Manila Ordnance Depot and the reports of 
shipment sent through the Chief Ordnance 
Officer of the Division. 

By Command of Major-General Wade. 
W. A. Simpson. 
Colonel and Assistant Adjutant-General, 



- OPERATED FIREARM. 
735,131. Gas Operated Firearm. Samuel 
X. McClean, Washington, Iowa. Filed 
Jan. 20, 1898. Serial Xo. 667,361. 




Claim. — In a breech loading gun, the 
combination of a barrel and a receiver, with 
a reciprocatory and rotary breech block, a 
slide operatively engaging said block to re- 
ciprocate and rotate said block to lock and 
unlock it, and means actuated by the gases 
of explosion and imparting movement to 
said slide, etc. 



ANSWERING HENRY VYIGGIN. 
I have had a 25-20 carbine, and have used 
it constantly more than a year with no trou- 
ble whatever. I made over the carbine 



stock and put on a Swiss plate, removed 
carbine rear sight and put on a Lyman 
Xo. 2 with cup, also removed carbine 
front sight and put on a windgauge, with 
aperture pinched and ivory bead. I cut 
off forearm and magazine ; took off the 
strap holding magazine and fastened it to 
the barrel with a dowel. Have cased up 
er pull to about }$ pound. This made 
considerable slashing, but the result ob- 
tained is gratifying. 

I have used this gun for woodchucks, 
and had no trouble getting them, within 
reasonable range. Have also shot it over 
200 yard range, loading bullet in barrel 
separately, using 22 or 23 grains semi- 
smokeless, with 75 or 86 grain bullet, with 
good results, taking into consideration that 
it is a light weight gun and not a target 
rifle. 

For a gallery load I use i T />, 3 or 4 grains 
Laflin & Rand Infallible, with 65, 75 or 86 
grain bullet, preferably 75 grain, made fairly 
hard. This powder should be weighed, as 
a slight variation will raise or lower the 
bullet accordingly. I also use nitro primer 
and crimp bullet well in shell. 

Altogether it makes a fine all around gun 
and a good caliber to experiment with. 
H. B. Johnson, Syracuse, N. Y. 



ADJUSTABLE GUN STOCK. 
729,030. Adjustable Gun Stock. Joe C. 
Yount, Thayer, Iowa. Filed Jan. 9, 
1903- Serial No. 138,374- (No 
model.) 




Claim. — In a gun, the combination with 
the stock having a semicircular concavity 
in its outer end, of a lock chamber having 
a semicircular shaped end adapted to en- 
gage the semicircular concavity in the end 
of said stock, circular depressions formed 
in the sides of the end of said lock cham- 
ber, plates having one end fixed to said 
stock, their opposite ends being adapted to 
engage the circular depressions formed in 
said lock chamber, serrations formed in 
the faces of said depressions and similar 
serrations formed on the contiguous faces 
of said plates, whereby said parts are pre- 
vented from slipping, and means for clamp- 
ing said plates in said depressions. 



GUNS AND AMMUNITION. 



141 



SMALL SHOT. 
I greatly enjoy the friendly discussions 
in Recreation's gun and ammunition de- 
partment. To discuss a subject with a view 
to bringing up new points or studying de- 
tails is a good and practical way to diffuse 
knowledge. The way Dr. J. A. Elliott, of 
Northumberland, Pa., has of settling some 
of the mooted questions is the most scien- 
tific. His report is clear, decisive and I 
believe unprejudiced; and is the only one 
that has completely satisfied me on just 
those points I wished to know. Such ef- 
forts should be encouraged and should be 
accepted without debate. If there were 
more of such investigations and less natu- 
ral gas explosions on other debatable ques- 
tions, we should arrive at perfection much 
sooner. It has a discouraging effect on 
scientific investigators to receive idle, base- 
less criticism when they have .given their 
time, talent, money and reputation to learn 
facts. I long to see more investigators and 
demonstartors, and a higher standard of 
sportsmanship. 

Geo. M. Clouse, M. D., Columbus, O. 



Please give dimensions of the German 
ring target. Does it differ from the target 
used by the American rifle team? 

0. J. Axtell, Hambletville, N. Y. 



ANSWER. 



The dimensions of the German ring tar- 
get are as follows : Diameter of bulls eye 
12 inches, embracing the 18 ring; highest 
circle of count, 25, 1V2 inches diameter in 
center of bulls eye. Concentric circles % 
inch apart counting from 25 down to I. 
This target is used for offhand 200 yard 
shooting. 

The military targets, such as used by 
the U. S. Army and Militia in the interna- 
tional contests, are as follows : Third class 
for 200 and 300 yard shooting ; Outside di- 
mensions, 4x6 feet, bulls eye 8 inches, 
counting 5. Second class target for 500 
and 600 yard shooting; Outside dimensions, 
6x6 feet, bulls eye 22 inches in diameter, 
counting 5. First class : Outside dimen- 
sions 6x12 feet for 800, 900 and 1,000 yard 
shooting; bulls eye 36 inches in diameter, 
counting 5. — Editor. 



Will some one interested in revolver 
shooting tell me of some brand of clean 
smokeless powder that will give good 
results in a 44 cartridge? 

L. H. L., Hackberry, Kans. 

ANSWER. 

Good results are obtained with the Haz- 
ard smokeless rifle powder No. 2. In using 
this powder the same charge cup as is used 
for black powder will give the proper quan- 



tities, that is, using the same bulk. The 
shells should be well crimped on the bul- 
lets to get good results. This will involve 
opening the mouth of the shells each time 
they are reloaded. The Ideal reloading 
tool is suitable for this work. Good re- 
sults can also be obtained with Laflin & 
Rand Bulls-eye powder, using a shell with 
a crease near the mouth to prevent the bul- 
let from slipping too far into the shell. The 
proper charge of this powder for the regu- 
lation 44 is 3^2 grains by weight. The 
shells should also be crimped when using 
this powder. — Editor. 



Will a shot gun with a 40 inch barrel 
shoot farther than one of 32 inches? Has 
the larger barrel any advantage? 

Adrian Valdos, Ambler, Pa. 

ANSWER. 

There is no advantage in any shot gun 
having a 40 inch barrel. By common con- 
sent large gauges are made with longer 
barrels than smaller ones. Guns of 28, 24 
and 20 gauges are best 26 to 28 inches long ; 
16 and 14 gauge, about 28 inches ; 12 gauge, 
either 28 or 30 inches. Some 12 gauge 
brush guns are built with 26 inch barrels, 
and when properly bored give surprisingly 
good patterns. Ten and 8 gauge seem pre- 
ferable in 32 to 36 inch barrels. Assuming 
that all barrels must be long enough to 
properly consume the powder gases, the 
quantity of metal in the barrel and its dis- 
tribution, coupled with the method of bor- 
ing, have much more to do with the ef- 
ficiency of the gun than the length of bar- 
rel has. — Editor. 



Four years ago I was on a bridge over 
the middle branch of Root river in this 
State. The bridge is 22 feet above the 
water. I was shooting suckers with a 38 
caliber. A water snake about 4 feet long 
came swimming up stream ; when he was 
about 20 feet above the bridge I lined up 
on his neck and cut loose. To my utter 
astonishment, considerable water flew 10 
or 15 feet above the bridge and with it came 
the snake's head, cut off as clean as with 
an axe. The water was about 12 inches 
deep, with solid rock bottom. Can any one 
explain what brought the snake's head up 
there? I use a 22-7^-45 an< 3 think it far 
superior to the common 22. I have just 
seen the first 22 Savage rifle that has been 
brought here. It is the neatest arm of that 
caliber on the marget. Marlin is now beat- 
en on the only gun he had on the market 
that was any good, namely his 22 caliber. 
W. S. Jones, Albert Lea. Minn. 



The Grand Haven Gun Club was or- 
ganized in this city September 10th, 1903, 



142 



RECREATION. 



and has since built a comfortable and 
commodious club house on the banks of 
Stearns bayou, in Robinson township, 
5 miles from Grand Haven. The officers 
of the club are, Conrad Yanden Bosch, 
President ; \Ym. Pelleyrom. Vice-Presi- 
dent ; William Thielman, Secretary and 
Treasurer; Peter Wieringer, Martin Van- 
den Bosch, and Henry Hubert, Directors. 
We have, adjacent to the club house, a 
large tract of open ground, which is shad- 
ed by several large trees, and which we 
shall use for trap shooting. We already 
have jo members and hope to add largely 
to the number in the near future. Nearly 
all our members are regular readers of 
Recreation. Sportsmen who may visit 
Grand Haven are cordially invited to call 
on us. 

Peter Wieringer, Grand Haven, Mich. 



732,406. firearm. Matt Goss, Duluth, 
Minn. Filed July 24, 1901. Serial 
No. 69,561. (No model.) 




Claim. — A firearm, comprising a barrel 
and a stock, the stock having a recess and 
channel formed therein for receiving car- 
tridges, a cartridge case adapted to be in- 
serted in the recess, and means carried by 
the stock and projecting into the case, for 
forcing the cartridges into the channelway, 
together with means for presenting the car- 
tridges to the barrel and firing mechanism 
of the piece. 



Will some reader of Recreation who has 
had experience give me some information, 
which may also be useful to many others. 
How can Mauser shells of German make be 
decapped ? 

What primers will suit 7.65 mm. Mauser 
shells? 

How can a good surface be put on a gun 
stock without the glossy finish produced by 
varnish? 

What will restore the blue finish on the 
barrel of a rifle, or be a fair substitute? 

How is it done at the factory? 

Will someone write an illustrated article 
for Recreation describing the different 
kinds of twist in gun barrels, how they are 
made, and how they may be recognized? 

Which is the more popular method of at- 
taching a telescope to a rifle, by top or side 
mount? 

F. A r, . Woodstock. N. B. 



I am greatly pleased with Mr. Savage's 
letter in Recreation. He certainly looks 
Oil the comments made in your magazine 
about his arms in the right light. He would 
no doubt take advantage of any good ideas 
advanced for the improvement of the Sav- 
age arms. Mr. Savage has certainly made 
many friends by his kindly reply. There 
is a great difference between his point of 
view and that of the Peters Cartridge Co. 
Jno. H. Dawson, Joplin, Mo. 



My experience with the 30-30 has not 
been satisfactory; I have sold out and am 
going back to the old black powder rifle, 
which I believe is far ahead of the high 
power guns for accuracy. 

There is not a page in Recreation that 
is not interesting, and I do not see how 
any lover of the gun can get along without 
it. 

M. W. Hodge, Dayton, Ore. 



What is regarded as good penetration 
for a 12 gauge shot gun when loaded with 
one ounce No. 8 shot and the appropriate 
charge of smokeless powder? How, with- 
out complicated apparatus, can penetration 
be fairly determined? 

Penetration, Pottsville, Pa. 

Will some reader please answer. — Editor. 



The shells put on the market by the 
Robin Hood Powder Co. are the best I 
ever used. The members of our camping 
club all use and praise them. Robin Hood 
is a particularly clean powder. 

Dan Rifenburgh, Bennington, Vt. 



Doctor— Ah ! out for a constitutional ? 

She — Yes ; I walk 2 miles before break- 
fast every morning for my complexion. 

"Is the drug store so far as that?"— 
London Tattler. 



I am a printer and like to see good, neat 
work. Typographical appearance counts 
for a great deal in a magazine, and vours is 
Ai. Edw. Bush, Buffalo, N. Y. 



"Papa, what is a coquette?" 
"Any girl, my son, that a man wants 
but can't get,"— Exchange. 



Recreation is the best sportsmen's guide 
W. N. Green, Kearny, N. J. 



In family hotels they sing it "Home, 
suite home." — Life. 



NATURAL HISTORY. 



When a bird or a wild animal is killed, that is the 
its educational and scientific va 

SHOULD THE ROBIN BE KILLED OFF? 

I am in receipt of your letter of 24th, and 
am in full sympathy with your work for the 
protection of game and birds, excepting 
the English sparrow and the thieving and 
destructive robin. When the association 
will advocate and influence the sentimental 
women, and the men as well, to allow the 
penalty for killing a robin removed, I will 
contribute toward the funds of the asso- 
ciation. The robin is a marauder and a 
thief, as well as the boy or man who would 
invade your orchard, garden or lawn and 
destroy or steal your berries, cherries, etc. 
The robin you protect, but the man you 
would arrest and punish. The man or boy 
might come once, but the robin is not satis- 
fied until he has completed the destruction 
of the fruit. 

I own a farm and am fond of raising 
every luxury in the way of fruit. I share 
it with my neighbors and friends. It costs 
money and labor. After all this, the pes- 
tiferous robin comes and destroys it, and 
the owner dare not protect his own prop- 
erty. This is not in keeping with good 
sense, much less sentiment. 

The robin is not an insect-destroying bird. 
His food is the glow or ground worm, one 
of nature's provisions to perforate the soil, 
so the moisture can penetrate to the roots 
of the growing plant. This is an estab- 
lished _ fact and corroborated by all horti- 
culturists. 

I say raise a fund to exterminate the 
sparrow and kill the robin, so as to dimin- 
ish the chances of losing an entire fruit 
crop by his marauding, thieving propensity. 
Every farmer in New Jersey will support 
and corroborate my statement. Kill the 
robin and the sparrow and I am with you. 
J. A. Krunkel, Pennington, N. J. 

Here is an extract from Farmers' Bul- 
letin, No. 54, issued by the United States 
Department of Agriculture, which sh6uld 
convince Mr. Krunkel that he is wrong in 
advocating the wholesale destruction of the 
robin : 

# The food habits of the robin some- 
times cause apprehension to fruit 
growers, for he is fond of cherries and 
other small fruits, especially the earlier 
varieties. For this reason many com- 
plaints have been lodged against him, 
and some persons have gone so far as 
to condemn the bird. The robin is, 
however, too valuable to be extermi- 
nated, and choice fruit can be readily 
protected from his depredations. 

143 



end of it. If photographed, it may still live and 
lue is multiplied indefinitely. 

An examination of 330 stomachs 
shows that over 42 per cent of the 
robin's food is animal matter, princi- 
pally insects, while the remainder is 
made up largely of small fruits and 
berries. Over 19 per cent consists of 
beetles, about 1-3 of which are ground 
beetles, taken mostly in spring and fall, 
when other insects are scarce. Grass- 
hoppers make up about 1-10 of the 
whole food, but in August comprise 
over 30 per cent. Caterpillars form 
about 6 per cent, while the rest of the 
animal food, about 7 per cent, consists 
of various insects, with a few spiders, 
snails and angleworms. All the grass- 
hoppers, caterpillars and bugs, with a 
large portion of the beetles, are injuri- 
ous, and it is safe to say that noxious 
insects comprise more than 1-3 of the 
robin's food. 

Vegetable food forms nearly 58 per 
cent of the stomach contents, over 47 
being wild fruits, and only a little more 
than 4 per cent being possibly cultivated 
varieties. Cultivated fruit amounting 
to about 25 per cent was found in the 
stomachs in June and July, but only a 
trifle in August. Wild fruit, on the 
contrary, is eaten in every month, and 
constitutes a staple food during half 
the year. No less than 41 species were 
identified in the stomachs. Of these, the 
most important were 4 species of dog- 
wood, 3 of wild cherries, 3 of wild 
grapes, 4 of greenbrier, 2 of hollv. 2 
of elder; and cranberries, huckleberries, 
blueberries, barberries, service berries, 
hackberries, and persimmons, with 4 
species of sumac, and various other 
seeds not strictly fruit. 

The depredations of the robin seem 
to be confined to the smaller and earlier 
fruits, and few, if any, complaints 
have been made against it on the score 
of eating apples, peaches, pears, grapes, 
or even late cherries. By the time these 
are ripe the forests and hedges are 
teeming with wild fruits, which the bird 
evidently finds more to its taste. The 
cherry, unfortunately, ripens so early 
that it is almost the onlv fruit access- 
ible at a time when the "bird's appetite 
has been sharpened by a long contin- 
ued diet of insects, earthworms, and 
dried berries, and it is no wonder that 
at first the rich, juicy morsels are 
greedily eaten. In view of the fact that 
the robin takes 10 times as much wild 
as cultivated fruit, it seems unwise to 



144 



RECREATION. 



destroy the birds to save so little, 
is this i v, tor by a little care 

both may be preserved. Where much 
fruit is grown, it is no great loss to 
give up one tree to the birds; and in 
some c isea the crop can be protected by 
scarecrows. Where wild fruit is not 
abundant, a few fruit-bearing shrubs 
and vines judiciously planted will serve 
for ornament and provide food for the 
birds. The Russian mulberry is a vig- 
orous grower and a profuse bearer, 
ripening at the same time as the cherry, 
and. so far as observation has gone, 
most birds seem to prefer its fruit to 
any other. It is believed that a num- 
ber of these trees planted around the 
garden or orchard would fully protect 
the more valuable fruits. 

Many persons have written about the 
delicate discrimination of birds for 
choice fruit, asserting that only the fin- 
est and costliest varieties are selected. 
This is contrary to all careful scientific 
observation. Birds, unlike human be- 
. seem to prefer fruit like the mul- 
berry, that is sweetly insipid, or that 
has some astringent or bitter quality 
like the chokeberry or holly. The so- 
called black alder {Ilex verticUlata) , 
which is a species of holly, has bright 
scarlet berries, as bitter as quinine, 
that ripen late in October, and remain 
on the bushes through November ; and 
though frost grapes, the fruit of the 
Virginia creeper, and several species of 
dogwood are abundant at the same 
time, the birds eat the berries of the 
holly to a considerable extent, as shown 
by the seeds found in the stomachs. It 
is, moreover, a remarkable fact that the 
wild fruits on which the birds feed 
largely are those which man neither 
gathers for his own use nor adopts for 
cultivation. 



MIKE AND BEELZEBUB. 

G. E. KASTEN'CREV. 

Mike was only a monkey, it is true, but 
as full of concentrated deviltry, race preju- 
dice, and loyalty to his many masters as are 
usually allotted to a dozen of his human 
relatives. He was a member of the 14th 
5. Infantry and particularly of Company 
F. in whose corner of the cuartel he was 
compelled to make his headquarters. A 
light, 8- foot chain made fast to the corner 
fence post allowed him to skip into an old 
sentry box. but while in there he had to 
haner on to sundrv nails and pegs, for he 
could not reach the floor. 

As to his race prejudice, he would no 
more dream of making friends with a Fil- 
ipino than of taking a bath in boiling oil. 
As long as he was srcurelv fastened, they 
would tease him until, in sheer disgust, he 



would slip into his sentry box. A few 
yanks on the chain would bring him out on 
his fence post, where he would swear fear- 
ful oaths in simian volapuk. On one such 
occasion 1 happened along the fence, and 
when Mike spotted me he yelled in his own 
lingo that he was in sore trouble. No one 
could have failed to understand that ap- 
peal, for he was gesticulating like a wild 
Frenchman. I hurried up, and gave Mike 
a chance to take revenge into his own 
hands, by letting him loo<e. In about 5 sec- 
onds Mike had all the Filipinos in the vicin- 
ity shut up in their shacks; and then he 
tried the impossible task of doing sentry 
duty at every door at the same time. He 
almost succeeded, for I could only see 
a brown streak in the air. After a while 
he came back thoroughly exhausted, but he 
had gained the respect of the Filipinos. 

Mike had many relatives in the cuartel, 
but they all belonged to a smaller species, 
while Mike was the size of a terrier. One 
of these little ones. Baby by name, had se- 
lected Mike as his protector, a task the lat- 
ter accepted with much dignity. While he 
was engaged in picking over his ward he 
would allow no one to interfere, but if I 
let him understand that I had peanuts in 
my pocket he would drag Baby along and 
search me for edibles. He would never 
treat Baby until his own paunch and cheek 
pouches were filled to bursting. 

Beelzebub belonged to the small species, 
but for deviltry he could hold his own 
against an African elephant. He escaped 
soon after his adoption by a misguided 
American soldier, who made a chain fast 
to the monkey but failed to make it fast to 
anything else. At the approach of anyone 
Beelzebub would skin up the water spout in 
no time and dance a can can on the hot 
corrugated iron ; the rattling chain mean- 
while preventing enjoyment of the siesta. 
Even at night he would suddenly remember 
that there was a better place to roost at the 
other end of the cuartel, and he would im- 
partially distribute his rattling chain sere- 
nade to the whole regiment. Regulations 
and taps were nothing to him, and he 
seemed to enjoy being the cause of many 
a muttered midnight curse. 

Beelzebub was the cause of the downfall 
of the whole Cuartel dc Malatc monkey col- 
ony. One day he invited the tribe to join 
him in a predatory expedition to the com- 
manding officer's room. A pile of official 
papers on the desk was awaiting signa- 
ture to become effective, including the pa- 
pers of 2 court martials. Beelzebub led the 
raid through the open windows. On the 
desk were red and black ink in bright cut 
glass ink wells. With these 2 colors the 
monkeys painted a gorgeous tropical sun- 
set on the court martial papers, and quietly 
departed. Their tracks were clearly out- 



NATURAL HISTORY. 



'45 



lined in black, carmine, and intermediate 
tints on floor and window sills. Their guilt 
was so evident that a blanket death sentence 
was pronounced. 

Now comes the peculiar part of the yarn. 
No one had the heart to kill Mike, but 
somebody turned him loose and told him to 
find a safer place for permanent residence. 
He took the hint, and made his headquar- 
ters with the First Idahos, about 3 blocks 
away. Mike would always recognize his 
old friends, but a carload of peanuts would 
not induce him to return to Cuartel de 
Malate. 

OUR TENANTS. 

The first year they were a pair of song 
sparrows which built a nest in a tussock of 
grass by the brook. There was not a tree 
nor shrub on the place, and but little 
grass; but in the fall, after our land was 
graded, we put a hedge of good sized hem- 
locks in front of the house, and planted 
maples, elms and other rapid growing 
trees. Behind the house we made a small 
orchard, and set out berry bushes. We 
kept neither cat nor dog, and before the 
end of this first summer, robins and other 
birds were in the habit of flying across to 
our lot to pick up the crumbs and seeds 
we scattered about the door. After the 
young sparrows became large enough to 
fly they frequently joined their neighbors 
in these morning visits to the house. 

The second year there were several spar- 
rows' nests along the brook, presumably 
the pair of the previous year and their chil- 
dren, now gone to housekeeping for them- 
selves. In the hemlocks were 2 robins' 
nests, a catbird's nest, and a cedar bird's. 
Besides these, a purple martin had shown 
her confidence in us by building a nest 
on one of the rafters of our porch. 

At first the birds showed considerable 
shyness. When we were out of sight they 
would fly boldly about the door and on the 
porch, but as soon as we appeared would 
beat a precipitate retreat. Gradually this 
suspicion wore off, and by the time our 
strawberries were ripe the birds would eat 
from one end of the bed while we picked 
at the other. 

This year more birds flew across to us 
from neighboring yards and from the 
woods, seeming to have communicated to 
each other the fact that seeds were to be 
found about our door, and that there were 
no dogs nor cats to molest them. Occasion- 
ally an oriole or a wood thrush would ap- 
pear among them, and once a scarlet tanager 
flew from the woods, and. after a sharp 
scrutiny of the house, made a hasty meal 
from the seeds. When food became scarce, 
the birds grew bolder, and would even hop 
inquiringly into our kitchen. During the 
winter several sparrows and a pair of blue 



jays took our hospitality for granted, and 
came regularly each morning for breakfast. 
Among our visitors was always a good 
sprinkling of snow buntings and stragglers 
that had failed to go South. 

As our maples, and elms, and apple trees 
grew, other birds came and took pos- 
session of them, and before long we found 
ourselves in the midst of a select commu- 
nity of rare songsters. It is now our fourth 
year in the country, and we have only to 
open our windows in the morning to be 
treated to sweeter music than any trained 
orchestra could furnish. 

F. H. Sweet, Palm Beach, Fla. 



PROBABLY MR. PARK'S BEAVER. 

I was interested to see in the December 
issue of Recreation an account of a beaver 
which Mr. Park had seen traces of on a 
recent trip to Indian river. In September, 
in company with a friend, I explored much 
of the same territory, and during our stay 
at Kennell's old camp, on the Little Moose, 
our guide, Frank Baker, told me of a bea- 
ver dam which he had seen on a tribu- 
tary not more than 2 miles from our camp. 
Baker is a careful observer of animal life, 
and he told us in such a way that I have 
every reason to believe it is the same beaver 
Mr. Park speaks of, and the one that 
gnawed through the wire grating and es- 
caped from Governor Woodruff's place 
about 2 years ago. Baker had noted cut- 
tings at several points along the Sumner 
stream, and on the still water above the 
old dam of Little Moose, near where the 
trail leads over to Beaver lake. He had 
also seen cuttings on Indian river and on 
Beaver lake itself. He found one tree 10 
inches in thickness which was all but 
gnawed through. Whether it was the 
beaver's desire to find a remote region 
where he could live out his days unmolested 
by man, or whether he was seeking vainly 
a companion, I do not know ; but at any 
rate I visited the dam the next morning and 
am convinced he had found the former. 
We spent most of the morning in care- 
fully going over his work. He certainly was 
a busy little fellow, and it was evident from 
numerous trees and chips we examined that 
he had done all this work unaided. I feel 
sure there was but one beaver, because we 
observed no other tooth marks. The leaves 
of a large poplar tree, which he had felled 
near one of the skidding trails, were still 
fresh, and I judge the cutting had been done 
the night before. Not having a boat we 
were unable to discover his house. The 
dam raised the water 2 feet, and was strong 
enough to enable us to walk across. 

This lone worker is what is commonly 
termed by trappers and woodsmen a bache- 
lor beaver, although in this case he had not 
been ostracized by his kinsmen, as those 



146 



RECREATIOX. 



familiar with the habits of the animal assert 
is often the case. On my return from the 
woods I ml* Mr. Middleton, the commis- 
sioner, and I trust that at the next meeting 
of the board they will decide to put in some 
more beavers. 

Kensett Rossiter, Cambridge. M.. 



ANSWEB BUCK SHOT. 

Buck Shot, Milnor, X. Dak., asks how to 
•n coyote-. As a boy in the valley of 
the South Platte, in Colorado, I poisoned 
many in the following manner: I would 
take say a quarter of the carcass I wished 
to poison and drag it in a circle 2 or 3 
miles across, and every few hundred yards 
would drop a small piece of meat with a 
killing dose of strychnine inserted in a 
gash, so the animal would not taste it. The 
drag always ended at the carcass. We 
would sometimes get 6 or 8 coyotes, some 
foxes, skunks, and occasional lv a wolf. 
D. M. P, El Paso, Tex. 

Buck Shot, of Milnor. N. Dak., can 
poison coyotes in this way : Take fresh 
eggs, drill a small hole in the end of each 
and through the hole work strychnine into 
the contents of the shell. Then, after dip- 
ping the poisoned eggs in the white of an- 
other egg to seal the holes, leave them 
where a coyote will find them. You will 
surely get him. 

\Y. A. Stoner, Priest River, Idaho. 



NATURAL HISTORY XOTES. 

Are there 2 kinds or species of mallard 

ducks? What work on natural history 

would you advise me to get, to set myself 

and others right on questions of this kind? 

J. V. Myers, Larned, Kan. 

ANSWER. 

There is but one kind of mallard duck. 
The drake is marked by a conspicuous me- 
tallic-green head and neck and a gray body. 
The female is brown with black lines run- 
ning lengthwise of the body. In appear- 
ance, the male and female differ widely; 
just as many other ducks do. 

The best natural history will appear 
about February first, written by W. T. 
Hornaday, and published by Charles Scrib- 
ner's Sons. Its title will be "The American 
Natural History," and it will be advertised 
in Recreation. — Editor. 



Please tell me if the whip-poor-will and 
the night hawk are the same bird. 

E. E. Aplanalp, Hancock, N. Y. 



ANSWER. 



The whip-poor-will and the night hawk are 
birds of different species, but they belong 
to the same family and their habits are 
much alike. In flight, the night hawk may 
always be recognized, in the daytime, by the 



< white spot underneath each wing. At 
night, the whip-poor-will is of course re- 
cognized by its cry. The night hawk is 
much more given to flying by day for the 
purpose of catching insects in the air than 
is the whip-poor-will. The scientific name 
of the whip-poor-will is Antrustomus vo- 
ciferous; that of the night hawk is Chor- 
eic iles virginianus. — Editor. 



I recently saw, in low bushes at the edge 
of a wood, a bird with grayish black back 
and tail, grayish white under parts, light 
brown throat, and a brown spot on top of 
head. Can you tell me its name? I took a 
shot at it with a camera, but have not de- 
veloped the plate. 

F. M. J., Gloucester, Mass. 

It is impossible to identify the bird from 
the description you give. If you have suc- 
ceeded in getting a good picture of it, please 
send me the print, and I shall then no 
doubt be able to tell you what the bird is. — 
Editor. 



I notice in August Recreation an in- 
quiry from L. M. Badger about deer horns 
found in a crotch of an oak. Most likely 
the horns were placed there by some In- 
dian hunter. It is common among some 
tribes to hang up horns of deer, elk and 
moose, and the paws of bear in this man- 
ner. I once found a set of moose horns 
embedded in a poplar tree. Red squirrels, 
chipmunks, wood rats, weasels, and, in fact, 
almost any of the smaller forest animals, 
will gnaw deer and moose horns. 

F. L. Wilson, McEwen, Ore. 



"Don't you suppose it is possible for a 
man to go through the world without tell- 
ing a lie?" 

"I doubt it. Almost every man has been 
in love at some time in his life." — Life. 



I like Recreation more than any maga- 
zine I have ever taken, and like it all the 
more because you place the rooters where 
they belong — in the pen. 

A. E. Dabney, Staunton, Va. 



The melancholy days have come, 

The saddest of the year, 
When man goes out and shoots a friend, 

And thinks he is a deer. 

— Yonkers Statesman. 



I cannot do without Recreation. My 
sifters take as much interest in it as I do, 
and that is saying considerable. 

E. L. Cole, Pelican Rapids, Minn. 



I never read a magazine that pleased me 
better than Recreation. 

Arthur E. Gage, Schenectady, N. Y. 



THE LEAGUE OF AMERICAN SPORTSMEN. 



GENERAL OFFICERS 

President, G. O. Shields, 23 W. 24th St., 
New York. 

1st Vice-President, E. T. Seton, 80 West 
40th St., New York. 

2d I 'ice-President, W. T. Hornaday. 2969 
Decatur Ave., Bedford Park, N. Y. 

3d Vice-President, Dr. T. S. Palmer, 
Dept. of Agriculture, Washington, D. C. 

4th Vice-President, A. A. Anderson, 80 
West 40th St., New York. 

5th Vice-President, Hon. W. A. Rich- 
ards, General Land Office, Washington, 
D. C. 

Secretary, A. F. Rice, 155 Pennington 
Ave., Passaic, N. J. 

Treasurer, Austin Corbin, of the Corbin 
Banking Co., 192 Broadway, New York. 

STATE DIVISIONS 
ALASKA 
Dr. E. If. Rininger, Chief Warden, Nome. 

ARIZONA. 

M.J. Foley, Chief Warden, Jerome. 

ARKANSAS 

W. R. Blocksom, Chief Warden, Eureka Springs. 

CALIFORNIA. 

Dr. David Starr Jordan, Chief Warden, Leland 
Stanford University. 

COLORADO. 
A. Whitehead, Chief Warden, 303 Tabor Building, 
Denver. 

CONNECTICUT. 
Hon. F. P. Sherwood, Chief Warden, Southport; 
Dr. H. L. Ross, Vice-Warden, Canaan; H. C Went, 
Sec-Treas., Bridgeport. 

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA. 
C. H. Townsend, Chief Warden, U. S. Fish Com- 
mission. 

FLORIDA. 
W.W.K. Decker, Chief Warden, Tarpon Springs. 

GEORGIA. 
J.J. Doughty, Chief Warden, Augusta. 

IDAHO. 
L. A. Kerr, Chief Warden, Kendrick. 

ILLINOIS. 
M. D. Ewell. M.D., Chief Warden, 59 Clark St., 
Chicago; F. M. Taber, Vice Warden, 144 Kinzie 
St., Chicago ; G. C. Davis, Sec-Treas., 123 S. Central 
Ave., Austin. 

INDIANA. 
John J. Hildebrandt, Chief Warden, Logansport ; 
O. R. Moore, Vice-Warden, Anderson ; Dr. M. L. 
Humston, Sec-Treas., Goodland. 
IOWA. 
Carl Quimby, Chief Warden, Des Moines; C. C. 
Proper, Sec-Treas., Des Moines. 
KANSAS. 
O. B. Stocker, Chief Warden, Wichita. 

KENTUCKY. 
Geo. C. Long, Chief Warden, Hopkinsville. 

MAINE. 
Col. E. C. Farrington, Chief Warden, Augusta. 

MARYLAND. 
J. E. Tylor, Chief Warden, Cxford. 

MASSACHUSETTS. 
Heman S. Fay, Chief Warden, Hazleton Block, 
Marlboro; J. E. Tweedy, Vice- Warden, North Attle- 
boro : A. C. Lamson, Sec-Treas., 194 Main St., 
Marlboro. 

MICHIGAN. 
J . Elmer Pratt, Chief Warden, Grand Rapids ; R. S . 



Woodliffe, Vice-Warden, Jackson; A. B. Richmond, 
Sec-Treas., Grand Rapids. 

MINNKSO I A. 

Dietrich Lange, Chief Warden, 2294 Commonwealth 
Ave., St Paul; H. A. Morgan, Vice-Warden, Albert 
Lea ; Prof. O. T. Denny, Sec-Treas., St. Paul. 
MISSOURI. 
Bryan Snyder, Chief Warden, 726 Central Bldg., 
St. Louis. 

MONTANA. 
Professor M. J. Elrod, Chief Warden, Missoula; 
Sidney M. Logan, Vice- Warden, Kalispell ; R. A. 
Waagner, Sec-Treas., Bozeman. 
NEBRASKA. 
Fred. E. Mockett, Chief Warden, Lincoln ; P. 
O'Mahony, Sec-Treas., Lincoln. 

NEVADA. 

Dr. W. H. Cavell, Chief Warden, Carson; Geo. W. 
Cowing, Sec-Treas., Carson. 

NEW HAMPSHIRE. 

Dr. A. F. Barrett, Sentinel Bldg., Keene; Sidney 
Conant, Sec-Treas., Keene. 

NEW JERSEY. 

Percy Johnson, Chief Warden, Bloomfield; Dr. 
W. S. Colfax, Vice-Warden, Pompton Lakes; I. 
V. Dorland, Sec-Treas., Arlington. 

NEW MEXICO. 

P. B. Otero, Chief Warden, Santa Fe. 

NEW YORK. 

John R. Fanning, Chief Warden, Powers' Bide., 
Rochester; Col. R. E. Moss, Vice-Warden, Wallack's 
Theatre, New York City; Dr. C. C. Curtis, Sec- 
Treas., Columbia College, New York City. 
NORTH DAKOTA. 
Dr. W. D. Jones, Chief Warden, Devil's Lake. 

OHIO. 
W. E. Gleason, Chief Warden. Mitchell Bldg., 
Cincinnati; A. C. Thatcher, Vice- Warden, Urbana. 
OKLAHOMA. 
W. M. Grant, Chief Warden, Oklahoma City. 

ONTARIO. 
C. A. Hammond, Chief Warden, Box 701, St. 
Thomas; D. L. Mells, Sec-Treas., St. Thomas. 
OREGON. 
Robert F. Kelly, Chief Warden. Box 188, The 
Dalles; C. B. Cushing, Sec-Treas., The Dalles. 

PENNSYLVANIA. 

C. F. Emerson, Chief Warden, 189 N. Perry St., 
Titusville; Hon. C. B. Penrose, Vice-Warden, 1720 
Spruce St., Philadelphia. 

RHODE ISLAND. 
Zenas W. Bliss, Chief Warden, 49 Westminster St., 
Providence. 

SOUTH CAROLINA. 
C. F. Dill, Chief Warden, Greenviile. 
SOUTH DAKOTA. 

D. C. Booth, Chief Warden, Spearfish ; John C. 
Barber, Sec-Treas., Lead. 

TENNESSEE. 
Hon. G. C. Martin, Chief Warden, Clarksville 
Hon. Austin Peay, Jr., Sec-Treas., Clarksville. 
TEXAS. 
Prof. S. W. Stanfield, Chief Warden, San Marcos; 
W. E. Heald, Sec-Treas., San Angelo. 
UTAH. 
Hon. John Sharp, Chief Warden, Salt Lake City. 

VERMONT. 

S. C.White, Sec-Treas., Woodstock. 
VIRGINIA. 
R. G. Bickford, Chief Warden, Newport News. 
CO. Saville, Vice- Warden, Richmond; M. D. H;irt, 
Sec-Treas., 1217 East Main St., Richmond. 

WASHINGTON. 

F. S. Merrill, Chief Warden, Spokane : F. A. Pon- 
tius, Sec-Treas., Seattle; Munro Wyckoff, Vice- War- 
den, Pt. Townsend. 



147 



148 



RECREATION. 



r VIRGINIA. 

4th, Chief Warden, Hinton, 

WISCONSIN. 

Frank Kaufman, Chief Warden, Two Rivers; Dr. 

A. Groppi - u.iukee. 

WYOMING. 

H. E. Wadsworth, Chief Warden, Shoshone 
Agency; Frank Bond. Sec. -Treas., Cheyenne. 

Applications for membership and orders for badges 
should be addressed to Arthur F. Kice, .Virc.'JM, 2j H\ 
24th St., Xrtv iork. 

LOCAL WARDEN 



County. 
Fairfield, 



Name of Warden. 
George B. B! 



Address. 
2 Park Row, Stam- 
ford. 
11 Park St., Bridge- 
port. 
Box 37;, Stratford. 
Litchfield, Dr. li. L. Ross, P. U. Box 100, Ca- 
naan. 
Middlesex, Sandford Brainerd, Ivorvton. 

Haven, Wilbur E. Beach, 318 Chapel Street, 

New Haven. 
D. J. Ryan, 188 Elizabeth St.. 

Derby. 



Harvey C Went, 

Samuel Waklee, 
Dr. ILL. Ro^, 



Brevard, 

Iroauois, 
Rock Island, 



Clinton, 



FLORIDA. 
C. H. Racey, 

ILLINOIS 
J. L. Peacock, 



Waveland. 



Pottawattamie, Dr. C. Engel, 

KANSAS. 

Ness, Frank Lake, 



Sheldon. 
J). M. Slottard. 12th Ave. and 17th 
St* Moline. 
IOWA. 

D. L. Pascol, Grand Mound. 

Crescent. 



Ransom. 



Norfolk, 

H 
«i 

Suffolk, 
Worcester, 

Berrien, 

Cass, 

Hillsdale. 

Kalamazoo, 

Lake. 

Ottawa, 

Hall, 

Cheshire, 
Sullivan, 



Hudson, 
Mercer. 



Monmouth. 

Morris, 



Somerset, 

Sussex, 

Union, 
•1 

Warren, 



Albany, 



MASSACHUSETTS. 
Orlando McKenzie, Norfolk. 
J.J. Blick. Wrentham. 

S.W. Fuller, East Milton. 

Capt. W. J. Stone. 4 Tremont Row, 
Boston. 

B. H. Mosher, Athol. 

MICHIGAN. 

W. A. Palmer, 
Thomas Dewey, 
C. A. Stone, 

C. E. Miller, 
Tohn Trieber, 
W. H. Dunham, 



NKBRASKA. 

E.C.Statler, 



Buchanan. 

DowaRiac. 

Hillsdale. 

Augusta. 

Peacock, 

Spencer. 

Grand Island 



NEW HAMPSHIRE. 

S. C. Ellis, Keene. 

\. Blake. Lempster. 

J. W. Davidson, Charlestown. 

NEW JERS1 

A. W. Letts, 

Edw. Vanderbilt, 

Roland Mitchell, 

F C. Wright, 
Dory-Hunt 

Joseph Pellet, 
Chas. W. Blake, 
Francis E. Cook, 
'rr, 
Morris, 
Isaac D. Williams, 
A.M. Miller, 
CM. Hawkins, 
Jacob Young, 
Reuben Warner, 

NEW YORK. 

C.D.Johnson. Newtonville. 
Kenneth E. Bender, Albany. 
W.S.Swift, Voorheesville. 



51 Newark St., 

Hoboken 
Dentzville, 

Trenton. 
739 Centre St., 

Trenton 
Trenton. 
Wanaque. 
Pompton Plains. 
Dover. 
Butler. 
Hibernia. 
Somerville. 
Branchville. 
Cranford. 
Roselle. 
Phillipsburg. 



County. 

Allegany, 

Brooint', 

L.nn 
Chemung, 

Columbia, 

Cortland, 

Dutchess, 



Erie. 

Franklin, 
( !reem\ 
Hamilton, 
Herkimer, 
Jefferson, 



Livingston 



Montgomery, 
New York, 
Oneida. 
Onondaga, 
Orange, 

Orleans, 
Oswego, 

Putnam, 
Queens, 



Name of Warden. Address. 

<i A.Thomas, Belvidere. 

ohn Sullivan, Sanitaria Springs 
K. Mathewson, Binghamton. 



!; 



II. M. Haskell, 
Fred I hie. 
If. \. Baker, 
A I;. Miller, 
James Fd wards, 
A. B. Miller, 

Chas. H.DeLong, Pawling 
Jacob Tompkins, Billings. 
Marvin H. Birtler, Morula. 
W. H.Broughton, Moriah. 



Weeds port. 
Hendy Creek, 
Elmira. 

Jackson's Corners 
Cortland, 
Jackson's Corners. 



St. Regis Falls. 
Windham. 
Lake Pleasant. 
Old Forge. 
Watertown. 
Alexandria Bay, 



J as. Ecc 
W. J. Soper. 
David Aird, Jr. 

. Sperry, 
C.J.Smith, 
A. C. Cornwall, 

Northrup, 
M. De La Yergne, Lakeville. 
K. S. Chamberlain, Mt. Morris. 
Henry Skinner, Springwater. 
Dr J. W. Cowan, Geneseo. 
Charles W Scharf. Canajoharie 
C. L. Mever, 46 W. Bway.N.Y. City 

J If. Scoville, Clinton, 
ames Lush. Memphis. 

. Hampton Kidd, Newbur^h. 
Thomas Harris, 
1.11. Fearby, 
J. E. Manning, 



H. L. Brady. 



Port Jervis. 

E. Shelby. 

154 West UticaSt. 

Oswego. 
Mahopac Falls. 



Gerard Van Nostrand, Flushing, L.I 
W. S. Mygrant, 46 Fllton Street, 



Richmond. 
St. Lawrence, 

Schenectady, 
Schoharie, 
Schuyler, 
Suffolk, 



P. A. Geepel, 

L. B. Drowne, 

Lewis C. Att, 

Eewis Morris. 

Dr. B.W.Severance, Gouverneur. 



Brooklyn. 
473 Grand Ave., 

Astoria, L. I. 
119 Somers Street, 

Brooklyn. 
Broad Channel Ho- 
tel, Rockaway.L.I. 
Port Richmond. 



Tioga, 
Ulster, 

Warren, 
Washington, 



Westchester, 



Yates, 



A.N. Clark, 
I. W. Furnside, 
O. E. Eigen, 
G. C. Fordham, 
F. J. Fellows, 
P. F. Tabor, 
Geo. Wood, 
M. A. DeVall, 
Wm. S. Mead, 
Geo. McEchron, 
C.L.Allen, 
J. E. Barber, 

A. S. Temple, 
George Poth, 
Chas.Seacor, 

M. W. Smith, 
Ralph Gorham, 

B. I.. Wren, 



L.I. 



Sevey. 

Schenectady. 
Sharon .Springs. 

Watkins. 
Central Islip, 
Orient, L. I. 
Owego. 
The Corners. 
Woodstock. 
Glens Falls. 
Sandy Hill. 
Dresden. 
Whitehall. 
Pleasantville. 
57 Pelham Road, 

New Rochelle. 
Croton Falls. 

Mt. Kisco. 
Penn Van. 



Seymour Poineer, Branch Port. 

OHIO. 
S. W. Knisely 
Fred C Ross, 



Allen, 
Clark, 

Cuyahoga, 

Erie, 

I'ranklin, 

Fulton, 
Hamilton, 

Knox, 

I .orain, 

Muskingum, 

Ottawa, 

Scioto, 

Stark, 

OKLAHOMA. 

Kiowa and Comanche Nation, 
A. C. Cooper, 



A. W. Hitch. 

David Sutton, 

Brook L. Terry, 

L. C. Berry, 
W. C Rippey, 

Grant Phillips, 
T.J. Bates, 
Frank I). A bell, 
Frank B. Shirley, 
J. F. Kelley. 
A. Dangeleisen, 



Lima. 

169 W. Main St., 

Springfield. 
161 Osborn St., 

Cleveland. 
418 Jackson St., 

Sandusky. 
208 Woodward Av. 

Columbus. 
Swanton. 
4465 Flastern Ave. 

Cincinnati. 
Mt. Vernon. 
Flyria. 
Zanesville. 
Lakeside. 
Portsmouth. 
Massillon. 



Ft. Sill. 



THE LEAGUE OF AMERICAN SPORTSMEN. 



149 



County. 

Allegheny, 

Beaver, 

Bradford, 
Butler, 

Cambria, 

Cameron, 
Carbon, 
Clarion, 
Clinton, 



Crawford, 



Cumberland, 

Delaware, 

Elk, 

Fayette, 

Jefferson, 

Juniata, 

Lackawanna, 



Lycoming, 
McKean, 



Montgomery, 
Northumber- 
land, 
Perry, 
Potter, 



Tioga, 

Venango, 

Warren. 
it 

Wyoming, 



PENNSYLVANIA. 
Name of Warden. 



S. H. Allen, 
N. H. Covert, 
W. R. Keefer, 
Geo. B. Loop, 
F. J. Forquer, 
J. W. McGill, 
W. H.Lambert, 



Address. 



Natrona. 
Beaver Falls. 



Sayre. 

Murrinsville. 

Harnsville. 

720 Coleman Ave., 
Johnstown. 
Harry Hemphill, Emporium. 
AsaD. Hontz, East Mauch Chunk. 
Isaac Keener, New Bethlehem. 
M. C. Kepler, Renovo. 
Geo. L. Kepler, " 

Pine Station 

Tillotson. 

Titus ville. 

Buel. 

Mechanicsburg. 

Ardmore. 

Ridgway. 

Cadwallader. 

Sykesville. 

Oakland Mills. 

McAlesterville- 



R.T. Antes, 
Jasper Tillotson, 
Geo. T. Meyers, 
J. B. Lamb, 
T.C.Gill, 
Walter Lusson, 
D. R. Lobaugh, 
Ely Cope, 
John Noll, 
Clifford Singer, 
Ezra Phillips, 
Wm. Weir, Moosic. 

Wm. Major, 

Frank A. Tarlox, Wimmers. 
Jas. J. Brennan, Oval. 

B. D. Kurtz, Cammal. 

C. A. Duke, Duke Center. 
L. P. Fessenden, Granere. 
Wm. Holsinger, Stickney. 
L.C. Parsons, Academy. 

|G. W. Roher, 

\ 505 Anthracite St., Shamokin 

Samuel Sundy, Lebo. 

Ira Murphy, Coudersport. 

Wiley Barrows, Austin. 

Chas. Barrows, Austin. 

E. B. Beaumont, Jr., Lawrenceville 

G.H.Simmons, Westfield. 

G. D. Benedict, Pleasantville. 



F. P. Sweet. 
Nelson Holmes, 
Cyrus Walter, 



Goodwill Hill. 
Cornplanter. 
Tunkhannoc' , 



Madison, 

Montgomery, 

Robertson, 

Stewart, 

Sumner, 

Washington, 



Essex, 
Orleans. 
Rutland, 
Windsor, 

Henrico, 

King & Queen, 
King William, 
Louisa, 
Mecklenburg, 
Smythe, 

Okanogan, 
Stevens, 



TENNESSEE. 

H. T. Rushing, Jackson. 

P. W. Humphrey, Clarksville. 

C. C. Bell, Springfield. 

John H. Lory, Bear Spring. 

W. G. Harris, Gallatin. 

UTAH. 

S. C. Goddard, New Harmony. 

J. A. Thornton, Pinto. 



Yakima, 

Carbon. 

Fremont, 

Laramie, 

Uinta, 



VERMONT. 
H. S. Lund, 
E.G. Moulton, 
Wm. J. Liddle, 
F. A. Tarbell, 

VIRGINIA. 
W. J. Lynham, 

R.D. Bates, 
N. H. Montague, 
J. P. Harris, 
J.H.Ogburn, 
J. M. Hughes, 

WASHINGTON. 

James West, 
acob Martin, 
,. H. Lee, 
J, Brachmann, 



Granby. 
Derby Line. 
Box 281, Fair Haven 
West Bridgewater. 

412 W.Marshall, 

Richmond. 
Newtown. 
Palls. 

Applegrove. 
South Hill. 
Chatham Hill. 

Methow. 
Newport. 
Northport. 
N. Yakima. 



WYOMING. 
Kirk Dyer, 
Nelson Yarnall, 
Martin Breither, 
(S.N. Leek, 
IF. L. Peterson, 



Medicine Bow. 

Dubois. 

Cheyenne. 

J Jackson. 



LOCAL CHAPTERS. 
Albert Lea, Minn., H. A. Morgan, 
Anadarka, O. T., Bert Smith, 
Angelica, N. Y., C A. Lathrop, 



Augusta, Mont., 
Austin, Minn., 
Austin, Pa., 
Boston, Mass., 
Buffalo. N. Y., 
Cammal, Pa., 



H. Sherman, 
' . . K. Baird, 
W. S. Warner, 
Capt. W. 1. Stone, 
H. C. Gardiner, 
B. A. Ovenshire. 



Rear Warden. 



Champaign Co., O. Hy. F. MacCracken 

Urbana, 
Charlestown, N. H., W. M. Buswell, 
Cheyenne, Wyo., J. Hennessy, 
Chateau, Mont., G. A. Gorham, 
Cincinnati, Ohio, B.W.Morris, 
Coudersport, Pa., 1. L. Murphy, 
Cresco, Iowa, J. L. Piatt, 

Cross Village, Mich., Job Rohr, 
Davis, W. Va., J. Heltzen, 

Dowagiac, Mich., W. F. Hoyt, 
East Mauch Chunk, Pa., E. F. Pry, 
Evansville, Ind., F. M. Gilbert, 
Fontanet, Ind., W. H. Perry, 

Ft. Wayne, Ind., W. L. Waltemarth 
Great Falls, Mont., J. M. Gaunt, 
Heron Lake, Minn., K. C. Buckeye, 
Hollidaysb'g, Pa., T. J. Hemphill 
Hopkinsville, Ky., Hunter Wood. 
Indianapolis, Ind., Joseph E. Bell, 
Jerome, Ariz., Dr. L. A. Hawkins, 

Johnsonburg, Pa., W. J. Stebbins, 
Kalispell, Mont., John Eakright, 
Keene, N. H.. F. P. Beedle, 

Kingfisher, Okla., A. C. Ambrose, 
Lake Co., Ind., Dr. R. C. Mackey, 

Lawton, O. T., Marion Miller, 

Lincoln, Neb., A. J. Sawyer 

Logansport,Ind., E. B. McConnell, 
Ludington, Mich., G. R. Cartier, 
McElhattan, Pa., A. B. Winchester, 
Mechanicsburg, Pa., Dr. J. H. Swartz, 
Minturn, Colo., A. B. Walter, 
Morgantown, W. Va., B. S, White, 
New Albany, Ind., Dr. J. F. Weathers, 
New Bethlehem, Pa., Isaac Keener, 
Oklahoma City O.T.. N. F. Gates, 
Penn Yan, N. Y., Dr. H. R. Phillips, 



Phillips, Wis., 
Princeton, Ind., 
Reynoldsville, Pa. 
Ridgway, Pa., 
Rochester, N. H., 
N. Y., 
St. Paul, Minn., 
St. Thomas, Ont., 



F. K. Randall, 
H. A. Y eager, 
C F. Hoffman, 
T.J. Maxwell, 
Gustave Andreas, 
C. H. McChesney 
O. T. DenDy, 
L.J.Hall, 



Schenectady, X. Y., J. W. Furnside. 
Seattle, Wash., M. Kelly, 

Syracuse, N. Y., C. C Truesdell, 
Terre Haute, Ind., C. F. Thiede, 
The Dalles, Ore., C. B. Cushing, 
Two Harb>rs,Minn., T. D. Budd, 
Walden, N. Y., J. W. Keid, 

Wichita, Kas., Gerald Volk, 

Winona, Minn., C. M. Morse, 



Rear Warden. 



LIFE MEMBERS OF THE LEAGUE. 
Anderson, A. A., 80 W. 40th St., New York City. 
Beard, D. C, 204 Amity St., Flushing, L. I. 
Blackstone, Lorenzo, Norwich. Conn. 
Buzzacott, Francis F., Chicago, 111. 
Brown, J. Stanford, 489 Fifth Ave., New York 

City. 
Butler, C. E., Jerome, Ariz. 
Carey, Hon. H. \\ .. Eastlake, Mich. 
Carnegie, Andrew, 2d, Fernandina, Fla. 
Carnegie, George, Fernandina, Fla. 
Carnegie, Morns, Fernandina, Fla. 
Corbin, Austin, 192 Broadway, New Yoik ( 
Dickinson, E. II., Moosehead Lake. Me. 
Edgell, G. S., 19a Broadway, New York City. 
Ellis, W. I).. 136 W. 72d St., New York City. 
Fearing, D. B., Newport, R. I. 
Ferry, C. H.. 1720 Old Colony Bldg., Chic mo. 111. 
Ferry, Mansfield, 183 Lincoln Park Boulevard, 

Chicago, 111. 
Fraser, A. V., 478 Greenwich St., New York City. 
Gilbert, Clinton, _• Wall St.. New York City. 
Hudson, E. J., 33 E. 3sth St., Bayonnc. N. T. 
McCltue, A. J.. 158 State St.. Albany, N. Y. 
Mershon, W. B., S.iRinaw, Mich. 
Miller, F. G., 108 Clinton St., Defiance 



ISO 



RECREATION. 



n, Hon. Levi P.. 681 Fifth Ave. New York 

Nesbir Maple St., Kingston, Pa. 

O'Conor, CoL J. C, M E. 33d St., New York 

n. Gen. J. F., ^o \V. 5ad St., New York 

•.:. \ I. . oc W. Broadway, New York City 

A. I- ".. 135 I'ennington Avi . 1 -J. 

•:. K. T.. Bo W. 40th St.. New York City. 
Seymour, I. 11 .. .*=, Wall St.. New York City. 
Smith. K. B., Bourse Bldg., Philadelphia, Pa, 
Smith. W. 11., Bryn hfawr, Pa. 

Thompson, J. Walter, Times Hhlg., New 

(. ity. 
Towne, I". S., Care of National Blank Book Co., 

Holyoke, Mass. 
Underwood, W. I.-. 5* Pulton St., Boston, Mass. 
Valentine, Dr. W. A., 5 W. 35th St., New York 

City. 
II. Williams, Box 156, Butte, Mont. 



DISCOUNTS TO LEAGUE MEMBERS. 

The following firms have agreed to give 
members of the 1- A S. a discount of 2 
per cent, to 10 per cent, on all goods bought 
of them. In ordering please give L. A. S. 
number : 

Syracuse Arms Co.. Syracuse. N. Y. Guns. 
Davenport Pire Arms Co., Norwich, Conn. Shot 

guns, rifles. 
Gundlach Optical Co., Rochester, N. Y. Photographic 

goods. 
BlairCamera Co., Rochester, N.Y. Photographic goods 
James Acheson. Talbot St.. St. Thomas, Ontario, 

Sporting goods. 



THE ANNUAL MEETING. 
At this writing there is an excellent 
prospect that the annual meeting in Colum- 
bus, O., February ioth, will be a great event. 
We already have assurance from the fol- 
lowing League officers and delegates that 
they will be present : 

Dr. T. S. Palmer, Vice-President, Washington, D.C. 
W. W. K. Decker, Chief Warden, Tarpon Springs, 

Fla. 
Col. Geo. C. Long, Chief Warden, Hopkinson- 
ville. Ky. 
Martin, Delegate, Brooksville, Pla. 
W. Van Irons, Delegate, Bliss, Idaho. 
Dr. F. Schavoir, Delegate, Stamford, Ct. 
W. II. Duncan, Delegate, Barnwell. S. C. 
C. H. Chapman, State Fish and Game Warden, 

Sault Ste. Marie, Mich. 
C. E. Brewster, Deputy Pish Warden, Grand Rap- 
ids. Mich. 
Homer Sheridan. Delegate, Mount Clemens, Mich. 
C. A. Cooper, Rear Warden. Fort Sill, O. T. 
T. E. Dawson. Delegate. Midvale, Mont. 
W. P. Scott, State Pish and Game Warden, Helena, 

Mont 
M. J. Elrod. Chief Warden, Missoula. Mont. 
Hon T. R. Kershaw, State Game Commissioner, 

Whatcom, Wash. 
E. P. Dorr. Delegate, Chicago, 111. 
S. L. N. Ellis. Chief Warden. Visalia. Cal. 
Sam Fullerton. Executive Agent, State Fish and 

Game Commission. St. Paul. Minn. 
Hon. L. T. Christian. Delegate, Richmond, Va. 
C. W. Rohinson. Delegate. Newport News. Va. 
H. G Smith. Treasurer State Board of Fish and 

Game Commissioners. Winona. Minn. 
W. E. Gleasnn. Chief Warden. Cincinnati, O. 
A. C. Thatcher. Secretary-Treasurer. Urhana, O. 

ze Lilienthal. D< Zanesville, O. 

Hon. T. C. Porterfield, State Game Warden, Colum- 

hus, Ohio. 
C P. Emerson. Chirf Warden. Titusville, Pa. 
W. II. Gardner, Delegate, Hollidaysburg, Pa. 



c. H. Pond, Del ranton, Pa. 

Dr. Jos. Kalhfus. Secretary State Game Commis- 
Mi>n, Harrisburg, Pa. 

A. 1". Rice, Secretary. Passaic, N. J. 

P. II. Johnson, Chief Warden, Bloomfield, N. J. 

\\ l. rlornadsv, Via President, New York. 

Win. Benton, Delegate, Holmes, Wyoming. 
Wright, Delegate, Trenton, N. J. 

G. A. Lincoln, State Fish and dame Warden, 
Cedar Rapids. Iowa. 

Hon. P. B. Otero. Chief Warden. Santa Fe. N. M. 

Dr. E. If. Rininger, Chief Warden, Nome, Alaska. 
Nowlm. State Game Warden. Lander, Wyo. 

T. W. Baker, State Game Warden, Portland, Ore. 

John T. Hildebrandt, Chief Warden, Logansport, 
Ind. 

Hon. Frank Littleton, Hx Chief W'arilen, Indian- 
apolis, Ind. 

J. E. Tylor, Cliief Warden. Baltimore, Md. 

Ernest Russell. Delegate, Worcester, M 

Dr. A. Gropper, Secretary-Treasurer, Milwaukee, 
Wis. 

Valentine Raeth, Delegate, Milwaukee, Wis. 

Officers in several other States are plan- 
ning to attend, but have not yet completed 
arrangements. The Ohio officers and mem- 
bers are making elaborate preparations to 
entertain visitors, and there is every indi- 
cation that this meeting will surpass all its 
predecessors in numbers and in interest. 



BALLADS OF BAD BABIES. 

Harry P. Taber, in the Saturday Evening 
Post. 

Rodolph Mortimer McPhee 
Chopped his papa's apple tree ; 
Took it to the shed and hid it. 
When his papa asked who did it. 
"I don't know," said Rodolph, "I 
Ain't afraid to tell a lie. 
I won't tell you what I've done. 
I ain't no George Washin'ton." 

Little Heinie HassenpfefTer 
Saw a gentle Jersey heifer 
Eating up her noonday fodder. 
"Ha!" he said, "I'll go an' prod 'er 
With a pitchfork, so's to show 'er 
She can't do so any more." 
But the gentle Jersey heifer 
Prodded Heinie HassenpfefTer. 

Once when little Jimmy Binner 
Had some custard pie for dinner, 
He saw Uncle Joseph Tate 
Coming through the garden gate. 
Jimmy threw his custard pie 
And hit his uncle in the eye. 
"Gee!" said little Jimmy Binner, 
"Pretty good for a beginner !" 

Wilhelmina Mergenthaler 
Had a lovely ermine collar 
Made of just the nicest fur. 
That her mamma bought for her. 
Once, when mamma was away. 
Out a-shopping for the day, 
Wilhelmina Mergenthaler 
Ate her lovely ermine collar. 



FORESTRY. 



EDITED BY DR. B. E. FERNOW. 



It takes 30 year? to grow a tree and 30 minutes to cut it down and destroy it. 



WHAT IS FORESTRY? 

In a former issue of Recreation I denned 
a forest as a piece of woodland placed under 
man's care for the purpose of producing 
wood crops and incidentally serving the fur- 
ther purposes of soil protection, regulating 
of waterflow, and pleasure. The care of 
such woodlands is forestry. 

Forestry has to deal with aggregates of 
trees, stands, acres, all devoted to one end, 
namely, the production of a wood crop. It 
does not, therefore, deal with the individual 
trees, except as they are components of a 
crop, any more than the farmer deals with 
the single potato plant. It is a misnomer to 
speak of "city foresters," unless a city 
really own a forest and have a manager 
employed ; a commendable thing to have. 
To apply to the guardians of the park 
and street trees, the tree wardens, the 
appellation of "forester" is, to say the least, 
unfortunate. Indeed, it has been mischiev- 
ous ; it has misled the public, befogged its 
intellect as to the real meaning of forestry 
and foresters. It has, like the misused arbor 
days, introduced the aesthetic and the senti- 
mental side into the discussions of forestry, 
and has clouded the economic, much more 
important, questions of forestry in the minds 
of newspaper writers and the public. 

The beauty and shade of trees are good 
things to take care of, and the tree warden 
is a laudable institution, but his work has 
nothing to do with forestry, which is after 
the substance of the tree, and, like the lum- 
berman, after loes. . 

Even those who realize that forestry has 
to do with the forest as a crop, have still 
in mind that their duty as citizens is to 
insist on forest preservation, and they be- 
lieve this is obtained by preventing the bad 
lumberman from cutting altogether, or, at 
least, cutting below certain sizes. 

Some years ago a group of gentlemen in 
New York proposed to secure the passage 
of legislation restricting the lumbermen in 
the State of New York from cutting below 
a certain diameter, and they called on me, 
as an expert, to tell them what, under proper 
forestry principles, would be the right 
diameter to lay down as a law. Great was 
their astonishment when I declared that 
any diameter which paid best, even down to 
the size of the little finger, would satis- 
fy the demands of forestry. There is only 
one obligation which distinguishes the for- 
ester from the lumberman, and that one 
makes all the difference in method between 
the 2, namely, the obligation or reproduc- 



tion ; replacing the harvested crop. Both 
forester and lumberman are in the business 
of supplying the industries with wood ma- 
terial, only the lumberman does it by har- 
vesting the accumulations of the past with- 
out reference to the future. The logger is 
merely a converter into useful shape of 
what nature unattended has grown. He 
works for the present only. 

The forester prepares himself to do the 
same thing, namely, to convert nature's 
accumulations for man's use ; but he con- 
ceives that the need for this material will 
continue, and he provides for that continu- 
ance by securing a new crop of serviceable 
timber to replace the harvested one. Finan- 
cially the 2 forest managers — lumberman 
and forester — are also to a certain extent in 
the same boat. Both carry on their business 
for profit, and not for aesthetic purposes ; 
but the lumberman is handling only "call 
money." He seeks only present profit. The 
forester treats his forest as an investment ; 
he calculates his profits from and for the 
long run. Continuity is the keynote of for- 
est management by the forester. ' 

There is absolutely no difference between 
forester and farmer except as to the kind of 
crop each raises on his soil, and the manner 
in which he treats his crop. The forester, 
like the farmer, raises a crop, the wood crop ; 
but, of course, he also harvests the crop. 
Hence, when a legislative committee found 
fault with the Cornell Forest demonstration, 
because the old, over-mature crop of nature 
was harvested to be replaced by a better 
crop, the committee simply exhibited its ig- 
norance as to what forestry implies. The 
forester preserves the forest not by abstain- 
ing from cutting it. but, as all life is pre- 
served, by reproducing it. 

There are various methods of doing this, 
and only an expert can decide which, under 
given conditions, is the best. These meth- 
ods of producing a wood crop and of tend- 
ing it after it is produced until harvest time, 
are called silviculture, from the Latin words 
silva, forest, and cultura, cultivation. 

Why should we apply cultivation to a 
crop which evidently can be crown by na- 
ture alone in satisfactory quality? For the 
same reason that the farmer applies cultiva- 
tion to his crop, namely, to secure a better 
result than nature alone can produce: bigger 
potatoes, more of them to the acre: larger 
apples of better taste, and just so. more and 
better wood per acre in a shorter time! 

If Nature were left alone she would re- 
produce all the forests we have cut. provid- 



151 



152 



RECREATION. 



ed she had time allowed her, and she would 
produce as much wood per acre as she can ; 
but she would not make a selection of the 
1 kinds alone. She would give the tree 
Is )USl as much chance as the valuable 
. and she would not care whether it 
took ioo years or i.ooo years to pro- 
duce a desirable log. It is this time ele- 
ment which is of moment to man. Economy 
of time and economy of space are his re- 
quirements in all production. To grow the 
most useful, the most valuable wood in 
'.amity in the shortest time is what 
the ut to do, and thus he 

impr Nature's wasteful way. \^ 

as there are virgin stores to draw from 
his art may be despised) for it is not needed; 
only when these stores are exhausted or 
nearly so, and when the realization comes 
that a serviceable log can not be grown by 
Nature in less than 150 or by man in less 
than 60 to 120 years, does the care of the 
forester appear desirable. Forestry is a 
child of necess: 



FORESTRY AT ST. LOl'IS. 

The following, which has been making 
the rounds of the newspapers, this particu- 
lar clipping to be credited to the New York 
Times, is worth reprinting to show what 
utter nonsense regarding forestry matters 
is brine; served to the gullible public. 

If this statement had been printed in the 
comic columns, and, especially, if it had 
had the benefit of Mr. Dooley's inimitable 
method of presentation, it would probably 
have done immense service in showing the 
absurdities of certain alleged friends of 
forestry. But no, this is given as a piece 
of news in sober seriousness ! 

The United State* Government will participate 
in a competitive exhibit at the St. Louis Fair, 
and will have for a rival the German Empire. 
Which nation's method of forest management is 
best and most practical is the problem to be solved. 

This competitive exhibit will have especial in- 
terest for the State of New York on account of 
the experiments in forestry which New York has 
been making with a view to the preservation of 
the forests of the Adirondacks. The New York 
experiments have been made under the auspices 
of the Cornell University, to which State lands 
were ceded for the purpose. 

The experiments have been so unsatisfactory that 
they are now the subject of investigation by the 
Le?i«lature of New York. Tt is expected by 
those who will be in charge of the United States' 
forestry exhibit at St. Louis that the Legislature 
of New York at the coming session mav see fit 
to appoint an expert on forestrv to en to St. Louis 
dv the experiments in forestry methods to 
be made there, with a view to affording the legis- 
lature lieht on a problem which has been vexing 
the officials of New York for several years past. 

Two tracts of land, each about «; acres in ex- 
tent, hnve been assigned to each Government as 
the laboratory for the tests to be made in St. 
Louis. The 2 lie side by side, so that the visitor 
mav walk through what the Americans call an 
"arboretum" and observe all American methods 
of forestry, and then step across into what the 
Germans designate as a "forest garden" and learn 
the German method. 



No trees will be cut from either tract. Rather 
transplanting will be resorted to, and when the 
exposition opens miniature forests, perfect in 
every detail, with narrow gravel walks winding 
in and out, may be seen. Every tree that thrives 
in the latitude of St. Louis will be represented, 
and the specimens can be easily designated. At- 
tached to each tree will be a label on which will 
be stamped the botanical and common names. 

Each display will embrace the same number of 
trees, and they will be practically of the same 
varieties. Here all similarity ceases. The treat- 
ment will accord with the practices in vogue in the 
ctive countries. In the American arboretum 
tlie trees will be treated according to the Amer- 
ican idea. In the German forest garden will be 
reproduced, in miniature, the effects that obtain 
in the forests of the Fatherland, and the story 
of how the wonderful forests of that country have 
been preserved through ages, and renewed from 
time to time, will be told by practical demonstra- 
tion. 

The exhibits will be in charge of the most ex- 
pert foresters to be found in the j countries. 
Interest will not centre in the exhibits merely 
because they represent all that is best in the for- 
estry of these countries, but because of the prac- 
tical demonstrations and tests that will be made 
every day of the exposition. Trees will be trans- 
planted, and the most approved apparatus for 
this work will be shown in actual operation; trees 
also will be pruned and trained, and all imple- 
ments used will be part of the exhibit. 

Furthermore, trees will be inoculated with dis- 
ease, and when the disease is fully developed the 
most approved treatment will be accorded. Care- 
ful data will be kept on all such experiments, and 
the results will be made known, together with a 
full description of the treatment, in order that 
the preservation of the forests may be accom- 
plished. 

Forests have deadly foes in the insect world. 
Collections of the insect enemies will be gathered 
and kept carefully isolated. On occasions best 
adapted to experiments that will reveal all the ef- 
fects of the destroying powers of the insect, and 
the efficacy of the treatment to be given, the in- 
sects will be released and permitted to attack the 
trees. Then sprays, washes, and other treatments 
will be resorted to. Some valuable experiments 
will be made every day, and full details may be 
had of the process and results. 

Much rivalry exists between the (ierman and 
American foresters, and each class will do all in 
its power to prove that its methods are the best. 

The intelligent readers 01 Recreation 
will readily perceive the ridiculousness of 
the proposition, knowing that forestry, or 
tree growing, is a matter of time, which 
can in no way be compressed into weeks 
or months. — EDITOR. 



PRESERVE ADIRONDACK FORESTS. 

The public in general understands that 
the forests are being rapidly depleted, and 
the sentiment in favor of preserving the 
Adirondack forests is strong throughout the 
State. In fact the 5 governors preceding 
Odell were all in favor of protecting the 
forests and acquiring lands for the State; 
and his action in taking issue against the 
sentiment of a majority of the people of 
this State is not endearing him to them, es- 
pecially the sportsmen, for it is generally 
conceded that the true sportsman has a bet- 
ter idea of and more regard for the forests 
than politicians have. It is to be hoped that 



FORESTRY. 



153 



without much further delay, authority will 
be given to buy for the State all the land 
available in the Adirondacks before more 
of it is secured by the lumbermen. 

To give an idea of the destruction that 
is going on, I will note that a gentleman 
from this city is reported to have recently 
bought 60,000 cords of pulp wood for one 
papermaking company, 10,000 cords of 
which are to be delivered for Watertown 
paper mills. If this wood were in a pile 
one cord high, this quantity would extend 
16 miles. I am informed that there are 50,- 
000 cords now at Dexter, Jefferson county, 
both in the stream and on the bank, and 
that one pile on the bank represents 13,000 
cords. 

It is reported that 9 successful novels 
recently published in the United States had 
a total sale of 1,600,000 copies. Since the 
average weight of each book sold was prob- 
ably 20 ounces, calculation will prove that 
these 1,600,000 books contained 2,000,000 
pounds of paper. 

As trees 4 inches in diameter are cut for 
pulp, a paper manufacturer observes that 
the average spruce tree yields a little less 
than half a cord of wood, which is equiva- 
lent to about 500 pounds of paper. In other 
words, these 9 novels required 4,000 trees, 
and they form but a small portion of the 
fiction so eagerly read by the American 
public. 

S. E. Stanton, Watertown, N. Y. 

This is only one of several instances 
in which Governor Odell has shown a hos- 
tile attitude toward the game and the for- 
ests of this State. The sportsmen, and that 
means the friends of the Adirondack for- 
ests, will have another reckoning with 
Odell at the ballot box, if he should ever 
run for office again. — Editor. 



SOME PHILADELPHIA TREE HOGS. 

Frightened at the prospect of an overstocked 
market and a serious financial loss, the Christmas 
tree syndicate here late this afternoon decided 
on the destruction of 30 carloads of spruces and 
pines that were lying in the West Philadelphia 
yards of the Pennsylvania Railroad, thereby cut- 
ting the supply in half. 

At dusk this evening a locomotive started out 
of the switchyard with 15 cars. These were run 
to a dump some distance from the city, where 
the 15 loads of trees were saturated with oil and 
a torch was put to them. A second string of cars 
loaded with trees, was afterward taken to the 
same place. 

Altogether 4,000 trees were burned between 
dusk and midnight. There are now in Philadel- 
phia about 3,000 trees to supply a normal de- 
mand for 5,000. — Philadelphia paper. 

I should like to call the attention of all 
true sportsmen to this outrage. Such ruth- 
less waste of pine and spruce trees, which 
are among our most beautiful conifers, is 
scandalous. These syndicate men are worse 
than game hogs. 



Recreation is doing a great good by 
roasting such brutes. 

J. N. Farson, Plainfield, X. J. 

The object in burning these trees was, of 
course, to compel people to pay 3 or 4 times 
as much for their Christmas trees as they 
would have had to pay if this generous sup- 
ply had remained in the market. In other 
words this Christmas tree syndicate de- 
stroyed 4.000 young trees in order to get a 
chance to rob their customers. 

This is the sort of thing that makes anar- 
chists and socialists. 

The proper medicine for the tree burners 
would be a good large dose of whipping 
post. — Editor. 



FOREST MANAGEMENT. 

Under the direction of A. F. Potter, the United 
States Bureau of Forestry has begun an exam- 
ination of the lands withdrawn from public sale 
in the Northern and Central parts of the State 
of California, the object being to determine what 
proportion should be included within permanent 
forest reserves and what portions excluded; and, 
in connection with other work to be done by the 
Bureau of Forestry, in co-operation with the 
State, to outline a State forest policy. The fol- 
lowing points will be especially investigated: 

The distribution and character of the forest, 
with a description of the varieties of trees and 
brush covers; the condition of the forest, to 
what extent devastated areas are being again for- 
ested by natural production, what protection is 
needed and where planting will ^)e necessary to 
reforest the lands; the extent of damages by 
fire, its usual causes and the season at which 
fires are most likely to occur; the extent of lum- 
bering in the past and at present and its effect 
on the forest; the effect which the creation of 
forest reserves will have on lumbering; the quan- 
tity of merchantable timber and its accessibility 
to market; the nature and relative importance 
of industries in the proposed forest reserves and 
adjacent regions and their dependence on the tim- 
ber lands and water supply; the effect of the 
forest and brush cover on the water flow; the 
location, size, importance and industries of towns 
and settlements within or near the proposed for- 
est reserves; the means of transportation, roads 
and railroads; the extent of mineral lands and 
mining and the demand on the timber by this 
industry; the demand on the range for pastur- 
ing live stock; to what extent the prosperity of 
local residents depends on the live stock industry; 
the number and kind of live stock being pas- 
tured; the length of season; the condition of 
range; where grazing should be allowed and 
where restricted. — Exchange. 



My business prevents my taking many 
trips; but Recreation well read is almost 
as good as really getting into the woods. 
Karl O. Balch, Lunenburg, Vt. 



In 18 years I have taken a great many 
papers and magazines, but find none equal 
to Recreation. 

S. S. Dice. Ligonier. Pa. 



I take several other magazines, but Rec- 
reation beats them all. 

Geo. F. Norris, Torrington, Conn. 



PURE AND IMPURE FOODS. 



Edited by C. I". Laxcw ortiiy, Ph.D. 
Author of "Un Citraconic, Itaconic and Mcsaconic Acids," "Fish as Food," etc, 

"What a Man Hats He Is." 



DIET FOR THE AGED. 

In his recently published " Diet in Rela- 
te Age and Activity." Sir Henry 
Thompson, who at the time of writing it 
m his S-'d yeai . on the basis of 

experience, excellent advice regarding the 
food best suited to old age. Some of his 
statements follow : 

"I advise more emphatically than ever, 
simplicity in diet. Not only should the 
quantity of food taken be gradually dimin- 
ished in proportion to decreased activity 
of body and mind, but not more than 2 or 
3 different forms of food should be served 
at any one meal. There is no objection to 
variety in the choice of provisions. On the 
contrary, it is neither necessary or desira- 
ble to make use of the same kinds of ali- 
ment every day. Moreover, these neces- 
sarily vary with the season of the year, 
both in the animal and vegetable kingdoms. 
From the profusion which nature gives 
should be selected those which each individ- 
ual, at the time of life supposed, has dis- 
red, by personal experience or other- 
wise, to agree best with his constitution. 
ay advisedly 'with his constitution,' 
rather than with his stomach. There are 
notable examples of the stomach easily di- 
gesting materials which are highly injurious 
to the constitution. For instance, many per- 
sons readily digest and assimilate fatty or 
fat-forming elements in their food and be- 
come unduly corpulent in consequence. 
Such a condition should be avoided as 
mo-t undesirable in advancing years, and 
•:e of the mo>t certain to prevent long- 
evity, and give rise to complaints which 
entail discomfort and even suffering during 
later life. No one should permit himself 
to become the subject of obesity in ad- 
vancing years ; and almost invariably it 
is hi^ own fault if he does. The pre- 
vention may be insured by largely re- 
ducing the use of fatty foods, as fat of 
meat, bacon, ham. etc. ; by renouncing all 
pastry which contains that element largely; 
also cream, and much milk, as well as all 
starchy matter, which abounds in the po- 
tato and other farinaceous products of the 
vegetable kingdom; and especially in those 
combinations so popular and so universally 
met with at the family table, as rice, sago, 
tapioca and corn-flour puddings, made with 
milk and eggs, of which the yolks contain 
much fat, the whole being sweetened with 



sugar and making a combination of carbo- 
hydrates of the most fattening kind. Ad- 
mirable for childhood and middle life, and 
afterward, during the years of maximum 
activity, they must be completely re- 
nounced if corpulence appears in later life. 
In this condition also large quantities of 
liquid are undesirable at meals; indeed, no 
liquid should be taken during the meal, 
and only in moderate quantity soon after 
it. If any wine is taken it should be a 
light Moselle, while ale or beer in any 
form is wholly inadmissible. Pure water 
alone is probably the best, or as used in 
tea, coffee, and cocoa-nibs. 

"Respecting the act of eating, itself, it 
is desirable to add a few words. The pro- 
cess of masticating affects the food in 2 
ways during the period it is retained in the 
mouth, before the act of swallowing it 
takes place. 

" First, it is essential that ,all food 
whether formed of meat, fish, bread, or 
vegetables, should be thoroughly divided 
into minute fragments by the teeth, so that 
the animal portion may be properly 
subjected to the action of the gastric juice 
when it arrives at the stomach; also 
because for all starchy foods already spok- 
en of as the carbohydrates, complete and 
prolonged mastication is, if possible, even 
more necessary, although they are gener- 
ally soft and easily swallowed. The act 
of mastication excites a constant flow of 
saliva into the mouth. This fluid contains 
a specific chemical agent known as "ptya- 
1 in." by means of which the actual diges- 
tion of all the starchy products is per- 
formed in the mouth. These starchy prod- 
ucts are completely insoluble in water, 
but saliva converts them into glucose, 
which is quite soluble; and on being swal- 
lowed they can therefore be absorbed as 
soon as they reach the stomach. This fact 
should never be forgotten ; that the mouth 
is the cavity in which that large portion 
of our food which consists of bread, far- 
inaceous foods and vegetable tubers ought 
to be digested by means of mastication and 
insalivation. that is, thorough mixing with 
the saliva. If. however, this process be 
neglected, as unhappily is too often the 
case, the stomach, which is capable of di- 
gesting animal food only, of course includ- 
ing milk and eggs, and has no power what- 
ever to tarchy matters, is liable tc 



154 



PURE AND IMPURE FOODS. 



155 



be deranged by the presence of much un- 
digested bread and pudding. These, if not 
well masticated, must be detained there 
until the animal products are dissolved, 
when the entire contents reach the small 
intestine (duodenum), where digestion of 
the starchy matters is effected by contact 
with the pancreatic juice which renders 
them soluble and .capable of being absorbed 
as nourishment to the system." 



yolk and the white of the eggs of the dif- 
ferent breeds varied somewhat in compo- 
sition, and the author discusses the differ- 
ences at some length, attention being called 
especially to the lecithin content of the yolk 
and its importance in nutrition. 



SOME COOKING EXPERIMENTS. 

Scientific studies of the changes brought 
about in food by cooking, the effect of dif- 
ferent methods of cooking on the composi- 
tion and digestibility of food, the losses in 
weight in cooking, and similar topics, are 
not numerous, and especial interest attaches 
therefore to the recent work of Richter, a 
German investigator. 

He was himself the subject of digestion 
experiments, each of 2 days' duration, in 
which about 600 grams of cooked peas were 
eaten eaeh day. In the first test the peas 
were cooked to a puree in distilled water, 
and in the second in hard water, and in 
both cases the material was passed through 
a sieve. The peas cooked in distilled water 
were better borne and caused less digestive 
disturbance than the others. When cooked 
in distilled water the peas had the following 
coefficients of digestibility: Dry matter, 
92.86; protein, 89.84; fat, 87.56; and ash, 
81.09. When the peas were cooked in hard 
water the coefficients were as follows : 
Dry matter, 91.08; protein, 83.40; fat, 58.92 ; 
and ash, 51.78. The observed inferior as- 
similation- of peas cooked in hard water was 
attributed in part to the formation of alka- 
line earth albuminates and alkaline earth 
soaps which are not broken down by cook- 
ing or by the digestive juices, and in part 
to digestive disturbances caused by the alka- 
line earth salts, especially magnesium chlo- 
rid present in the hard water used. 

In an article recently published in a Bel- 
gian journal, Carpiaux reports some studies 
of the composition of eggs and the losses in 
weight in cooking, selecting for his tests 
the eggs of a number of breeds of hens. 
In every case the eggs were cooked for an 
hour in a steam bath. It is stated that the 
loss in weight during cooking was insig- 
nificant, ranging from 0.03 to 0.1 gram 
per egg. As was to be expected, the weight 
of the eggs varied within rather wide lim- 
its, the Braekel eggs weighing on an aver- 
age 66.45 grams each, being the heaviest, 
and the eggs of bantams (Barbu d'Anvers), 
weighing 29.55 grams, being the smallest. 
It was found that the proportion of yolk 
is greatest with the eggs of bantams and, 
generally speaking, with the eggs of the 
breeds best suited for fattening. Both the 



ADAPTING IOOD TO BODILY NEEDS. 

All persons are alike in that they must 
have protein for the building and repair of 
the bodily machine and fuel ingredients 
for warmth and work, but individuals dif- 
fer in the quantities and proportions they re- 
quire, and even among those in good health 
there are many who are obliged to avoid 
certain kinds of food, while invalids and 
people with weak digestion must often have 
special diet. 

For people in good health and with good 
digestion 2 important rules are to be ob- 
served in the regulation of the diet. The 
first is to choose the tilings which agree 
with them, and to avoid those which they 
can not digest and assimilate without harm. 
The second is to use such kinds and quan- 
tities of food as will supply all the nutri- 
ents the body needs and at the same time 
will not burden it with superfluous mate- 
rial to be disposed of at the cost of health 
and strength. 

For guidance in this selection, Nature 
provides us with instinct, taste and experi- 
ence. Physiological chemistry adds to 
these the knowledge, still new and far from 
adequate, of the composition of food and 
the laws of nutrition. In our actual prac- 
tice of eating we arc apt to be influenced 
too much by taste; that is, by the dictates 
of the palate. We are prone to let natural 
instinct be overruled by acquired appetite, 
and we neglect the teachings of experience. 
We need to observe our diet and its effects 
more carefully and to regulate appetite by 
reason. In doing this we may be greatly 
aided by the knowledge of what our food 
contains and how it serves its purpose in 
nutrition. 

Though there may be differences among 
abnormal persons, for the great majority 
of people in good health the ordinary food 
materials — meats, fish, eggs, milk, butter. 
cheese, sugar, flour, meal, and vegetables — 
make a fitting diet, and the main question 
is to use them in the kinds and proportions 
fitted to the actual needs of the body. 

When more food is eaten than is needed, 
or when articles difficult of digestion are 
taken, the digestive organs are overtaxed, 
if not positively injured, and much energy 
is thus wasted which might have been 
turned to better account. The evils of over- 
eating may not be felt at once, but sooner 
or later they are sure to appear : perhaps 
in excessive fatty tissue, perhaps in general 
debility, perhaps in actual disease. 



HOOK NOTICI 



PIONEEB DAYS IN OHIO. 

Dr. Zane Grey has written what 1 regard 
as one of the Btrongcst and most thrilling 
historical novels of the day It deals with 
the history of the first settlement on the 
Ohio river, where Wheeling now stands, 
and recounts vividly the perils, the hard- 
ships and the privations of the sturdy pio- 
neers who hewed out a hole in the forest. 
built a block house and defended it. time 
and again, with their lives. The last battle 
of the Revolution was fought on that 
ground, and had it proved a victory instead 
<^i a defeat for the British arms, the strug- 
gle would no doubt have lasted several 
year- linger. 

Dr. Grey is a direct descendant of Col- 
onel Zane who built Fort Henry, and who 
for several years commanded the troops 
stationed there. The heroine of the story 
is Betty Zane. a sister of Colonel Zane. 
and the author tells in a most stirring way 
how that young girl ran through a hail 
storm of British bullets and Indian arrows, 
a distance of some 200 yards, to the maga- 
zine, and brought a keg of powder 
to the defenders of the Fort, reaching them 
at a moment when the last charges they 
had were being fired from their guns. But 
for the heroic bravery of this girl, the Fort 
would have been compelled to capitulate 
within another hour, and a victory for the 
British at that point would have meant 
an entire change in the tide of the war. 

There is just enough of a love story run- 
ning through the book to hold the sym- 
pathy and to rivet the attention of the 
reader to the more serious and tragic 
phases of the drama. 

Among the other historical characters 
who figure in this story are Simon and 
James Girty, Jonathan and Isaac Zane, 
Lew Wetzel, and Wingenund, Thunder 
Cloud. Logan, and other Indian chiefs. 

Wetzel was a friend and companion 
of Daniel Boone, and next to him was 
probably the greatest and most successful 
Indian hunter that ever trod the virgin 
soil of the middle West. 

Dr. Grey is himself a big game hunter 
and a careful student of the science of rifle 
shooting, and is thus enabled to analyze 
the charactaers of such men and to describe 
in detail their wonderful feats of marks- 
manship in a manner that few other writers 
of this day could. There is not a man liv- 
ing, who knows the power and the 
deadly accuracy of the old Kentucky rifle, 
who will not hold his breath while reading 
some of the accounts of Wetzel's wonderful 
of marksmanship. 



Here is an extract that will give the 
reader an idea of the treat in store for 
him when he gets a copy of Dr. Grey's 

book : 

Wet/el's keen gaze, as he looked from 
Kit to right, took in every detail of the 
camp. Me was almost in the village. A 
tepee 9tOOd not jo feet from his hiding 
place. He could have tossed a stone in the 
midst of squaws, and braves, and chiefs. 
The main body of Indians was in the cen- 
ter of the camp. The British were lined 
up farther on. Both Indians and soldiers 
were resting on their arms and waiting. 
Suddenly Wetzel started and his heart 
leaped. Under a maple tree not more than 
150 yards' distant, stood 4 men in earnest 
consultation. One was an Indian. Wet- 
zel recognized the tierce, stern face, the 
haughty, erect figure. He knew that long, 
trailing war bonnet. It could have adorned 
the head of but one chief — Wingenund, the 
sachem of the Delawares. A British offi- 
cer, girdled and epauletted, stood next to 
Wingenund. Simon Girty, the renegade, 
and Miller, the traitor, completed the 
group. 

Wetzel sank to his knees. The perspi- 
ration poured from his face. The mighty 
hunter trembled, but it was from eager- 
ness. Was not Girty, the white savage, the 
bane of the poor settlers, within range of a 
weapon that never failed? Was not the 
murderous chieftain, who had once whipped 
and tortured Wetzel, and who had burned 
Crawford alive, there in plain sight? Wet- 
zel reveled a moment in fiendish glee. He 
passed his hands tenderly over the long 
barrel of his rifle. In that moment as 
never before he gloried in his power — a 
power which enabled him to put a bullet 
in the eye of a squirrel at the distance these 
men were from him. But only for an in- 
stant did the hunter yield to this feeling. 
He knew too well the value of time and 
opportunity. 

He rose again to his feet and peered out 
from under the shading laurel branches. 
As he did so the dark face of Miller turned 
full toward him. A tremor, like the in- 
tense thrill of a tiger when about to spring, 
ran over Wetzel's frame. In his mad de- 
light at being within rifle shot of his great 
Indian foe, Wetzel had forgotten the man 
he had trailed for 2 days. He had forgot- 
ten Miller. He had only one shot, and 
Betty was to be avenged. He gritted his 
teeth. The Delaware chief was as safe as 
though he were a thousand miles away. 
This opportunity for which Wetzel had 



156 



PUBLISHER'S NOTES. 



157 



waited so many years, and the successful 
issue of which would have gone so far 
toward the fulfillment of a life's purpose, 
was worse than useless. A great tempta- 
tion assailed the hunter. 

Wetzel's face was white when he raised 
the rifle ; his dark eye, gleaming venge- 
fully, glanced along the barrel. The little 
bead on the front sight first covered the 
British officer, and then the broad breast 
of Girty. It moved reluctantly and searched 
out the heart of Wingenund, where it lin- 
gered for a fleeting instant. At last it 
rested on the swarthy face of Miller. 

"For Betty," muttered the hunter, be- 
tween his clenched teeth as he pressed the 
trigger. 

The spiteful report awoke a thousand 
echoes. When the shot broke the stillness 
Miller was talking and gesticulating. His 
hand dropped inertly; he stood a second, 
his head slowly bowing and his body sway- 
ing perceptibly. Then he plunged forward 
like a log, his face striking the sand. He 
never moved again. He was dead even 
before he struck the ground. 

Blank silence followed this tragic shock. 
Wingenund, a cruel. and relentless Indian, 
but never a traitor, pointed to the small 
bloody hole in the middle of Miller's fore- 



head, and then nodded his head solemnly. 
The wondering Indians stood aghast. 
Then with loud yells the braves went for 
the cornfield ; they searched the laurel 
bushes ; but they discovered only moccasin 
prints in the sand, and a puff of white 
smoke drifting away on the summer breeze. 

I predict for this book a sale of 100,000 
copies. 

"Betty Zane" is published by the Charles 
Francis Press, of 30 West 13th Street, New 
York, and sells at $1.50. In ordering please 
mention Recreation. 



Charles A. Sterling, Broadwater, Vir- 
ginia, has published a small book, giving a 
history of Hog island, oil the coast of Vir- 
ginia. The object of the book is to inter- 
est sportsmen in a plan to organize a club 
and lease the shooting privileges on this 
island. It is said to be a popular resort 
for ducks, geese and brant, and I am in- 
formed the settlers on the island are near- 
ly all willing to lease the shooting rights 
on their lands, at nominal prices. Anyone 
interested in such a proposition would do 
well to communicate with Mr. Sterling. 
The book sells at 25 cents. 



PUBLISHER'S NOTES. 



EXPERT ENDORSEMENT. 

U. S. Commission of Fish and Fisheries, 

Station at Viento, Oregon. 
J. R. Buckelew, 

in Chambers St., N. Y. 

Dear Sir: 

I have tried the Collan Oil on 2 pairs of 
shoes, with better results than I expected. 
On my heavy hunting shoes, which I wear 
when engaged on work along the rivers 
and in the wet, I put a heavy coat of the 
oil, or rather 3 heavy coats. First I applied 
it to them thoroughly, then allowed them 
to dry; after which I coated them in the 
same manner twice again. On all occasions 
I was careful to get the oil well into all 
the seams, along the top and sides of the 
sole and on the bottom of the sole. Since 
its application 2 weeks ago I have had oc- 
casion to wade almost to the tops of the 
shoes in the Columbia and Little White 
Salmon rivers, and have worn the shoes 
through mud while it was raining hard. 
During this time they have not leaked at 
all, and have remained soft and pliable; so 
I can say the use of the oil is gratifying, 



for I have hitherto been forced to wear rub- 
ber boots on almost every occasion. 
Truly yours, 
(Signed) J. N. Wisner. 

TWO HANDSOME CALENDARS. 
The Horton Manufacturing Company. 
Bristol, Conn., is sending out a beautiful 
calendar for 1904. It represents a 20th cen- 
tury girl in the act of stepping out of a 
birch bark canoe on the shore of a river, 
holding in one hand a 5 pound black bass, 
which she is supposed to have just taken 
from the water, and in the other hand one 
of the famous Bristol steel rods. The work 
is beautifully lithographed in natural col- 
ors, and a glance at the picture will set the 
nerves of any angler tingling. Every lover 
of the woods and the waters should have 
a copy of this calendar. 

Another beautiful work of art in the cal- 
endar line comes from the Harrington & 
Richardson Arms Co.. makers of the well 
known revolvers and shot guns, Worcester. 
Mass. The picture in this case represents a 
typical American beauty, with golden hair, 



i 5 8 



RECREATION. 



arrayed in evening costume and lavishly dec- 
orated with violets. The color scheme is 
Sliperb, and there is sure to be a great de- 
mand for this calendar. Any reader o! 

[ON who will write the company, 
mentioning tins magazine, can get a copy of 
the calendar free — while the supply lasts. 



GAME ALONG THE GRAND TRUNK. 

In a recent conversation with an officer 
of the Grand Trunk Railway, he stated 
that the deer and moose hunting sea- 
son in the Province of Ontario for 
\ ember last was even better than previous 
OS, as returns from the express com- 
panies and other channels demonstrate. 
The Canadian Express company carried a 
total ^i 2,950 deer, weighing 309,101 pounds. 
This number shows an increase of 682 car- 
ts over last season. These figures, of 
course, do not give any idea of the total 
number of animals killed, as the major por- 
tion of them are carried home by other 
conveyances, and many of the hunters bring 
home the heads only as trophies. It is esti- 
mated that about 10,000 deer and 100 moose 
were killed during the 15 days open season 
in the Highlands of Ontario. It has also 
been noticed that many more sportsmen 
from the United States have gone into the 
hunting regions this year. The grouse and 
duck shooting has also been good through- 
out the Highlands, but quail have been 
more scarce than in past years. 



A NEW BUZZACOTT BOOK. 

Buzzacott, Racine Junction. Wiscon- 
sin, has recently i<<ucd a book entitled 
"The Anglers' Manual." It is scarcely 
necessary to say more of this than that it 
is on a par with his Campers' Manual. 
That is, it gives more information, for a 
smaller price, than any book I have ever 
seen. This Anglers' Manual sells at 10 
cents a copy, and contains $10 worth of 
information, at a conservative estimate. 
The text is terse and is condensed to a 
minimum of space. The illustrations, over 
200 in number, show nearly every device 
that fishermen ever have occasion to use. 
Among these illustrations arc accurate por- 
traits of most of the species of game fishes 
found in this country. 

There are many other valuable features 
in the book, but it is scarcely necessary to 
enumerate them here. No man or woman 
who is inter* -ted in fishing would ever 
hesitate to pay 10 cents for a book that 
tells all about it. and this one does that. 
In writing for it please mention Recrea- 
tion. 



cago & Alton railway has issued a book, 
entitled "The Flood of 1903," which is one 
of the most remarkable publications that 
has ever come to me from any railway 
company. The book is a pictorial history 
of the great Mississippi flood, which, as 
everyone knows, carried away millions of 
dollars' worth of property, and indicted un- 
told misery and suffering on thousands of 
people. Several of the cuts in this book 
are made on the panoramic plan. They are 
4I/2 inches high by 25 inches long, and 
show the terrible expanse of water and the 
fearful loss of property in the most graphic 
way that these could possibly be portrayed 
by the camera. 

Mr. Charlton is entitled to great credit 
for the ingenuity and enterprise displayed 
in this matter, for "The Flood of 1903" 
great book. Any reader of Recreation 
can get a copy of the book by enclosing 
25 cents in postage to Mr. George J. Charl- 
ton, G. P. A., C. & A. Railway, Chicago, 111. 



A LESSON IN ADVERTISING 
In their 1904 calendar just received. N. 
W. Ayer & Son have adhered to their 
popular conception of a business calendar, 
but have changed the design and coloring. 
The size is the same, about 14 by 28 inches, 
with large readable dates, but the clay 
modeling design printed in sepia tints, 
gives more prominence to their well known 
motto, "Keeping everlastingly at it brings 
success" ; not a bad idea for people to have 
before them throughout the year. 

The blank spaces occurring each month 
contain suggestions on business getting, ad- 
vertising in general, and N. W. Ayer & 
Son's methods of advertising in particular, 
the whole forming an interesting and in- 
structive lesson in productive publicity. 

Requests for this calendar addressed to 
their Philadelphia office, accompanied by 
25 cents to cover cost and postage, will be 
taken care of for the present. Last year 
the supply lasted barely 10 days. 



HISTORY OF GREAT FLOOD. 
The Passenger Department of the Chi- 



ONLY ONE CLUB r.RAND. 

Judge Colt, of the Circuit Court of th' 
United States, District of Massachusetts 
deserves the congratulations and thanks of 
the American people for the broad and 
sweeping decision rendered Nov. 9, 1903, 
restraining Adams, Taylor Co., of Boston, 
Mass., from using the word "Club" in 
connection with bottled Cocktails. The 
complainants, G. F. Heublein & Bro., have 
spent much time and money in introducing 
the celebrated Gub Cocktails, which like 
all well known and staple articles have 
been more or less imitated. This decision 
means not only protection to the maker of 
the goods, but affords equal protection to 
the purchaser, and simplifies the matter of 



PUBLISHER'S NOTES. 



159 



getting what you want and pay for. We 
trust the courts will continue this good 
work and protect known and established 

Kranrlc frnm tVi*» mracv trv ^irVii^Vi tVioir en 



worK ana protect known and establis 
brands from the piracy to which they 
long have been subject. 

DISEASES OF DOGS 
The Sergeant dog remedies, made by the 
Polk Miller Drug Co., Richmond, Va., are 
compounded by a veteran, who all his life 
has been an owner and lover of fine dogs. 
He believes in treating these faithful ani- 
mals as members of the human family; 
has studied their diseases in every phase ; 
has experimented until now his remedies 
are known all over the United States as 
the best on the market. Veterinary sur- 
geons everywhere use them and say of 
them : "It is no experiment to use Ser- 
geant's dog remedies, for they have become 
the standard medicines in our practice." 
If anybody wishes to know anything about 
dogs, their varieties, their ailments, their 
treatment, 3 cents postage and a request 
to Polk Miller Drug Co., Richmond, Va., 
will bring a handsome free book on dogs. 



REVIVAL OF BICYCLE INDUSTRY 
The re-issue of the Pope bicycle daily 
leaf calendar may be considered the open- 
ing gun proclaiming the natural and health- 
ful return of bicycling. Col. Albert A. 
Pope, the founder of our bicycle industries 
and the pioneer in the good roads move- 
ment, is again at the head of the bicycle 
industry. On the 366 calendar leaves are 
freshly written lines from the pens of our 
greatest college presidents, doctors, clergy- 
men, statesmen, and other eminent men and 
women, all of them enthusiastically sup- 
porting bicycling. Half of each leaf is 
blank for memoranda. This calendar is 
free at the Pope Manufacturing Company's 
stores, or any Recreation reader can ob- 
tain it by sending 5 2-cent stamps to the 
Pope Manufacturing Co., Hartford, Conn., 
or 143 Sigel Street, Chicago, 111. 



The Malcolm Rifle Telescope Co., 
Syracuse, N. Y. 

Dear Sirs : Great credit is due your 
Company for putting on the market such 
an excellent telescope rifle sight as the lit- 
tle Rough Rider. I have carried one to 
the woods 2 seasons for a month each trip. 
I have used rifles, both large and small 
bore, since I could hold one, and the use of 
your hunting 'scope of 3 powers much more 
than doubles the pleasure I get out of my 
rifles. 

Your A side mounts are all anyone could 
wish, compact and neat, up and down and 
sidewise. The Rough Rider 'scope simply 
makes a rifle of any size complete. 

J. D. Bcrdan, Roselle, N. J. 



Benton Robbins, Cassville, Mo., has se- 
cured Patent No. 728,302 on a gun barrel 
protector. This is described as an absor- 
bent sheath, open at one end and closed at 
the other, with a tightly fitting, cl<wly 
coiled spring arranged within the sheath, 
and a plug adapted to screw into the open 
end of the sheath. A ring is attached to 
this plug so that a string may be fastened 
to it and dropped into the barrel. Then the 
sheath is to be drawn into the barrel and 
left there. 

With all the cleaning devices being man- 
ufactured, in the way of wick plugs, oils, 
sheathes, &c, there will be no excuse here- 
after for any man who may carry a dirty 
gun. 



Watkins, N. Y. 
D. M. Tuttle Co., 

Canastota, N. Y. 
Sirs: 

I am much pleased to say that the 18 
foot launch, 1^2 H. P. motor, bought of 
you in July last, has proved entirely satis- 
factory. We often have rough water at 
this end of Seneca lake, and I have had 
her in big waves. Was out to-day with a 
party of 8, and she rode the swells like a 
duck. The motor works perfectly. In 
short, we are well pleased and satisfied with 
the investment and made no mistake in se- 
lecting a Tuttle boat. 

Respectfully yours, 

Edward Hanner. 



Sportsmen and others will be interested 
in the November issue of the Baker Gun 
Quarterly, published by Baker Gun and 
Forging Co., Batavia, N. Y. It contains 
articles on the subject of buck shot and 
its use in choke bore guns, a system of 
bookkeeping for the Rose system at tour- 
naments, essays on duck shooting, and 
other instructive matter, besides full de- 
scriptions and prices of the Baker Guns. 
The Quarterly will be sent free to any ad- 
dress on request. In writing for it please 
mention Recreation. 



Reading, Pa. 
West End Furniture Co., 

Williamsport, Pa. 
Dear Sirs: 

The gun cabinet you sent arrived safe 
and it more than meets my expectations. 
I do not see how any sportsman can be 
without one. 

E. R. Schaeffer. 



A. W. Phillips, of Providence, R. I., has 
received Patent No. 724,931 for an animal 
trap, intended for the trapping of rats, mice 
and other small rodents, and which has 
some good points. 



EDITOR'S CORNER. 



WHAT AN INDIANA EDITOR SA1 

llrrv i- more hot Stuff "ferninst" the 
game hogs and the automatic gun. It is 
from the facile pen of the Editor of the 

Indianapolis Sentinel. 

With these frosty October mornii 
there comes to the dweller in town and 
city a desire to gel out in the stubble 
fields with d<'g and gun; that instinct 
reasserts itself winch centuries of civ- 
ilization have yel been unable to erad- 
icate; the "call of the wild,'* the wish 
t<> go out and kill something. In all 
the shooting district- is heard the hang 
of the shot gun. and soon we shall 
have the sportsmen hack in town. 
f their prowess and (.•numer- 
ating with gusto the immense numher 
of hirds they have been able to slaugh- 
ter. Among them will, of course, sing 
loud that most self satisfied and shame- 
less of brutes, the game hog. • 

It is to protect our birds and animals 
against this species of swine that all 
game laws have been enacted, hut the 
game laws only serve to make him 
more alert and to reduce the competi- 
tion. He shoots for the pleasure of 
slaughtering, and his pleasure is in- 
creased in direct ratio to the size of 
his bag. He argues that if a dozen 
birds make a good day's sport, a hun- 
dred would make a better, and a thou- 
sand would constitute perfect happi- 
ness. His brother, the fish hog, has 
done his best during the summer to 
rid our lakes of bass and trout ; those 
he could not use he has thrown away, 
not back in the water, and now the 
game hog will emulate his example. 

A sturdy crusade against the Sus 
americanus venator has been taken up 
and is being vigorously prosecuted by 
G. O. Shields, better known as Co- 
quina, the veteran editor of Recrea- 
tion. Those wdio turn sport into 
slaughter and the hunting fields into 
shambles he arraigns by name, and 
whenever he can he publishes their 
pictures, a veritable rogues 1 gallery. 

quina's latest kick i- against the au- 
tomatic gun which is now being intro- 
duced by one of the big arms com- 
panies. The arm he refers to has al- 
ready been seen in the form of a revol- 
ver, which fires 7 to 10 cartridges in 
about 2 seconds. The mechanism as 
applied to a shot gun bids fair to pro- 
duce a deadly machine for the use of 
the pot hunter. Mr. Shields describes 
it as "a gun with a magazine holding 



a number of cartridges which may be 
discharged as fast as a man can pull 
the trigger. The shooter jumps a bunch 
<>f quails, ducks or geese, cocks his gun 

and tires. The recoil of the first shot 
throws out the empty shell, throws a 
new one into the chamber and cocks 
the gun ready for another shot. From 
that on, all the shooter has to do is to 
swing the muzzle of his j^un from one 
bird to another and pull the trigger 
until the last shot is tired. Pistols 
built on this plan hold 7 to 10 car- 
tridges, and it is possible to fire all of 
them in less than 2 seconds. The mag- 
azine of an automatic shot gun, holding 
6 cartridges, could be emptied as quick- 
ly, and if the shooter were an expert, 
many of the game butchers are, it 
would be possible to kill 10 or more 
birds out of a covey before they could 
get out of reach." 

All the game laws in the world can 
not hold the game hog, for brutes 
know no law but that of their own 
swinish nature; hut decent people and 
true lovers of sport may do their share 
toward creating such a sentiment 
against game butchers that their trade 
will he followed with ever increasing 
difficulties. It is hardly to be expected 
that the company which has paid a 
large amount for a new engine of de- 
struction will be moved by principle 
to withdraw the gun from the market. 
It is the brute instinct that must be 
conquered. 

No doubt Mr. Bennett, of the Winches- 
ter Co., will also accuse the Editor of the 
Sentinel of mud slinging, even as he 
accuses me. But the impartial reader, the 
real friend of game protection, will hail the 
Editor of the Sentinel as a stalwart ally 
in our good work 



160 



AN IOWA EDITOR'S OPINION. 

Here is a red hot editorial from the Sioux 
City, Towa. Journal, of Sunday, November 
1st. The man who writes this article is a 
sportsman and, of course, a gentleman. I 
commend this wholesome advice to brother 
editors throughout the country: 

t November Recreation directs atten- 
tion to a new automatic shot gun which 
has just been placed on the market, 
and which, if generally adopted by 
sportsmen, is likely to neutralize all the 
good effects which have come from re- 
cent legislation for protection and pres- 
ervation of game birds. The new 
weapon works on the same principle as 



EDITOR'S CORNER. 



161 



the automatic guns used in modern 
warfare. It is provided with a maga- 
zine and is equipped with a contrivance 
by which the recoil of one shot throws 
out the first cartridge and automatically 
replaces it with another. In this way 
the gun may be fired as rapidly as the 
holder can pull the trigger, 6 shots in 2 
seconds being made possible. Armed 
with such a weapon a hunter could turn 
loose on a flock of birds and slaughter 
the game at will. Recreation appeals 
to all true sportsmen to refuse to use 
the automatic gun and to try to induce 
the manufacturers to withdraw it from 
the market. Men who have the best 
interests of real sport at heart will be 
quick to see the force of the appeal. 

There used to be an idea that the 
only test of a sportsman's ability was 
the size of the bag he secured. It was 
in consequence of this idea that the 
repeating rifle and repeating shot gun 
came into vogue. The use of these more 
destructive weapons brought about 2 
important results. They greatly in- 
creased the handicap under which the 
game birds were competing, and they 
taught the sportsman that big bags 
were no longer a test of sportsman- 
ship. Generosity and selfishness both 
played a part in the learning of this 
lesson. The shooter ascertained that 
the element of difficulty cut a large 
share in the enjoyment of game shoot- 
ing. He found that ease of killing did 
not furnish an excuse for wholesale 
slaughter. Moreover, he discovered 
that, with all sportsmen taking all the 
birds they could secure, the supply was 
being so depleted that there was immi- 
nent danger of total extinction. 

Thus it was that a new code of ethics 
was established. The better class of 
sportsment no longer consider it good 
form to take everything in sight merely 
because opportunity is presented. After 
securing a reasonable quantity of game 
they prefer to leave some for others. 
Also they are found in hearty co-opera- 
tion with the authorities in the enforc- 
ment of laws for the protection of 
game. The game hog and the pot 
hunter are now equally in disfavor 
among legitimate sportsmen. 

Tt is to this policy of enlightened self- 
ishness that the argument against the 
automatic shot gun will appeal. If the 
new weapon shall come into general 
use not many open seasons of the pres- 
ent length will be required for the ex- 
tinction of the limited number of game 
birds now remaining. If necessary the 
use of such destructive weapons could 
be prohibited by law, just as the use of 
devices for the wholesale slaughter of 



game fishes is prohibited. It would be 
more creditable to sportsmanship, how- 
ever, if its devotees would of their own 
accord refuse to countenance the use 
of the weapon and compel the manu- 
facturers to cease making it because of 
lack of demand. The automatic gun 
should be tabooed by every organiza- 
tion of self-respecting sportsmen. 



TO PROHIBIT AUTOMATIC AND PUMP 

GUNS. 

When there were no other guns than 
muzzle loaders in use game was abundant 
all over this continent. The wild pigeon 
swarmed through the Southern and Middle 
Stages ; buffalo and antelope covered the 
Western plains; the elk and the mule deer 
were almost congested in the Rocky moun- 
tains and in the Cascades ; and the river 
valleys were alive with them far out on the 
plains. 

Then came the breech loading rifle. This 
made it possible to kill game so fast that 
it paid men to kill and skin buffalo and 
other large animals for the market. Soon 
after the beginning of this commercial 
slaughter game of all kinds began to de- 
crease in numbers. Closely following the 
single shot breech loader came the repeat- 
ing rifle and the breech loading shot gun. 
Later the repeating shot gun followed, and 
every man and woman who reads knows 
the sequel. The wild pigeon and the buf- 
falo are gone. The antelope is nearly ex- 
tinct. The elk is entirely wiped out of 
Arizona and New Mexico. There are 
scarcely more than 50 remaining in Col- 
orado, where 10 years ago they could be 
counted by thousands. They are cleaned 
out of Wyoming, Montana and Idaho, ex- 
cept in the vicinity of Yellowstone Park. 
They are practically extinct in Oregon, 
though a few stragglers may still be found 
in the high mountains of that State. 

The mule deer is also being rapidly killed 
off. Twenty years ago the Virginia deer 
was abundant in Ohio, Indiana. Illinois, 
Iowa and Kansas, but not a single wild 
deer could be found in any one of these 
States to-day. There are not 10 per cent of 
the deer in Pennsylvania that were there 
20 years ago. All this is due to the so- 
called improvement in hunting rifles. 

Birds of all kinds have disappeared rap- 
idly and several important species of game 
birds are verging on extinction. 

In spite of this tragic condition of af- 
fairs, we are now confronted with an au- 
tomatic repeating shot gun. It is generally 
conceded that no decent sportsman will 
use one. but there are thousands of game 
hogs who will use them if permitted. Near- 
ly all the market hunters now use pump 
guns. They will discard them and buy auto- 
matic guns, because they can kill more game 



1 62 



RECREATION. 



with them. These men used swivel guns, 
and 4 bore and 8 bore shoulder guns until 
stopped by law. Let us now bring them 
hack again by law, to the double barrel gun 
of io bore or smaller. 



GAME LAW BREAKERS CONVICTED. 

State Game Protector, J E Overton, 
Port Jefferson, N. V., has just completed 
a successful year's work in the enforcement 
of the game and fish laws, and in punishing 
law breakers. I have had Occasion to re- 
port several cases to him during the- year, 
which have been brought to m\ attention, 
and which for various reasons the League 
could not prosecute. Mr. Overton has fol- 
lowed all these to a finish, and has he*en 
.successful in convicting several of the men 
in question. 

Here are some extracts from his report 
to the Commission at Albany : 

Rufus Morri<. netting in Pelham Hay. 
fined • • • $ 2 5 

Andrew Joslin and Frank Cegal, kill- 
ing deer out of 5< ason I oo 

II Y. Schmeelk, taking oysters illegal- 
ly 50 

Haight and Wright, offering gulls for 
sale 2 5 

John Minugh & Co., selling pike and 
pickerel out of season and without 
license I2 5 

Carl J. Recknagle, having Bald Eagle 
in possession 35 

Flint Smith, killing bittern, sentence 
suspended — 

John F. Nagel, Ed. Bedell, Benj. 
Churchill and Clifford Clark, shoot- 
ing ducks from launch 20 

Arthur Nolan, Geo. Nolan and Frank 
Bennett, same offense 45 

Win L. Young and Albert Wend, same 
offense 30 

Ferdinand Downs, same offense 25 

Max Single, shooting at a deer on pro- 
tected grounds to 

Mr Overton has several other cases 
pending in the courts, and altogether he has 
made an excellent record for himself. — 
Editor. 



ANOTHER WESTERN KDITOR CONDEMNS 
IT. 

An automatic -hot pun is the latest alleged im- 
nent in the way of fire arms. The Win- 
\rms company is about to manufacture 
a shot pun which any decent and self respecting 
sportsman ought to be ashamed to use. Recrea- 
tion, for November, describes this automatic gun 
as follows: 

"A srun with a magazine holding a number of 
cartridges which may be discharged as fast as a 
man can pull the trigger. The shooter jumps 
a bunch of quails, ducks or geese, cocks Irs gun 
and fires. The recoil of the first shot throws 
out the empty shell, and throws a new one into 
the chamber and cocks the gun, ready for another 



shot. From that on, all the shooter has to do 
is to swing the muzzle of his gun from one bird 
to another and pull the trigger until the last shot 
is tired. Pistolfl built on this plan hold 7 to 10 
cartridges, and it is possible to tire all of them 
in less than a seconds. The magazine of an auto- 
matic slmt gun, holding 6 cartridges, could be 
emptied as quickly, and if the ■hooter were an 
expert, as many of the game butchers are, it would 
be possible to kill 10 or more birds out of a covey 
before they could get out of reach." 

Laws have been passed ifl all the States and in 
all parts of the civilized world for the protection 
of game. The Winchester automatic shot gun is 
designed to work unwarranted butchery among 
birds and small game. A sportsman could not pride 
himself on his ability as a gunner if he went 
duck bunting with one of these repeaters. The 
most stringent name laws in the world would be 
ineffective to preserve the species of wild birds 
that remain in this country if the use of these 
automatic guns became general. A sentiment ought 
to be aroused against the use of such a gun 
strong enough to discourage the gun makers from 
placing it on the market. No self respecting hun- 
ter would ever use one.— Tacoma, YVash., Daily 
News. 



The practice of using postage stamps for 
small remittances in the mails has grown 
to enormous proportions. The result is 
that the Department loses heavily, not only 
because of improper sales by postmasters 
for that purpose, thereby increasing their 
compensation wrongfully, but in imposing 
on postoffices, especially in the large cities, 
the labor of handling mail matter the rev- 
enues from which arc derived by other 
postoffices. It encourages trafficking in 
postage stamps, and this encourages the 
robbery of postoffices. Many plans have 
been proposed for obviating this evil, but 
none which have come to my attention 
equal in simplicity, effectiveness and effi- 
ciency, the post check proposition. With 
such a simple means of making remit- 
tances, merchants would soon be compelled 
to refuse postage Stamps as currency. The 
postage Stamp would then lose its value for 
the purpose of remittance. This system of 
transmitting money in the mails should be 
authorized, at least in an experimental way. 
I hope readers of RECREATION may see fit 
to write their Congressman urging this. 



I frequently get a partial description of 
some bird, with a request for identification. 
I am always glad to give information of 
any kind, to any render of Recreation ; but 
it is difficult to identify a bird without a 
complete description of it. In fact it is 
better to have the skin of the bird; or at 
least the head, wings and tail. T do not 
menu by this to encourage the killing of 
birds for the mere sake of finding out what 
they are; but if you kill a bird and then 
want to know what it is. it would be well 
to skin it carefully, so it can be mounted, 
and then if tio one in yonr vicinity can 
identify it send me the skin and I will re- 
turn it to you with the information desired. 



RECREATION. 



163 



Schlitz Beer 

Receives 
World's Highest Endorsement 



European government scientist awards 
Schlitz the highest honor. 

From Weihenstephan, Bavaria, the most 
renowned school of brewing in the woild, 
comes this triumph for Schlitz. 

The Beer That Made Milwaukee Famcvis 
pronounced best American Beer by the Bava- 
rian Government's famous scientist, Prof. Dr. 
Hans Vogel, Director of the Scientific Station 
for the Art of Brewing, subventioned by the 
Royal Bavarian Government. Bavaria is the 
cradle of the art of brewing. 

Scientific Station for the Art| of Brewing 

WEIHENSTEPHAN, NEAR FREISING 
(Subventioned by the Royal Bavarian Gov't) 



PROF. DR. HANS VOGEL, 
ACADEMICAL DIRECTOR 



Weihenstephan, Nov. 22, 1 903. 
Schlitz Brewing Co., Milwaukee, U. S. A. 

Through the courtesy of Commerzeinrath (Counsellor of Commerce) 
Dr. Datterer, I have received several bottles of your beer. I have not 
only partaken of same, but have also made a searching chemical analysis, 
the result of which I enclose. The analysis, as a matter of course, can give 
no idea of an important feature — the flavor of the beer. I frequently 
receive samples of American beers for analyzation, but I can truthfully 
say without flattering that I never drank a better American beer than yours. 
The beer tasted full (round) and fresh, and no trace of the usual dis- 
agreeable pasteurization flavor was discern- 
ible. Once more permit me to express 
my recognition. Very respectfully, 

HANS VOGEL. 




The BeerThat Made Milwaukee Famous] 



164 



RECRHATIOX. 



LIVER-EATING JOHNSON. 

R. EL 

John Johnson, of Montana, is the modest 
name of the man who is better known to 
fame as Liver-Eating Johnson. I tirst 
met him in the 'oo's. He gained his san- 
guinary title in the stockades on the Mus- 
selshell, where for many weeks he, in com- 
pany u:th Crow Davis, Jesse Mabbitt and 
a tew others, kept the Indians at hay and 
almost every day sent one or more of them 
to join the other good Indians Even be- 
that time Johnson was known a- a 
fear! lit and Indian fighter, a . 

hunter and a skilful trapper. 1 le was invaria- 
bly cool, even in the greatest danger; and 
though fearless he was never reckless. Even 
in his old age Johnson had a wonderful phy- 
sique. He was gray haired, over 6 feet tall, 
weighed about -70 pounds, wore number u 
shoes and had hands the size of average 
hams His voice gave forth fog horn tones, 
and over his expressionless face no smile 
ever seen to flit, but in his eyes the 
close observer could notice an almost per- 
petual twinkle. It was ins delight to have 
around him a circle of tenderfeet who hung 
spellbound on his blood curdling tales. On 
these occasions he showed a strong aver- 
sion to the truth, and seldom allowed it to 
obtrude. A few years ago I heard him tell 
the following: 

"It makes me tired to hear people say 
there is any danger or excitement on the 
ocean. I sailed all over the world when I 
was a kid, just looking for tough times, and 
couldn't find them. I was shipwrecked 6 
times, but there wasn't any excitement 
about that. I only floated around a little 
for a few weeks on a leaky raft, seeing 
nothing hut sky and water. The only 
lively time I had was when I jumped 
into the loop of a lariat and towed a raft 
with 7 men and 8 women aboard into 
Charleston harbor, a little swim of about 
385 miles. 

"But I never could find any real excite- 
ment on the ocean, so I came out to the 
mountains to see if I could kick up some 
among the Indians. Now. you folks might 
not believe it. but I did find some with the 
Indians, wounded bears, cloud bursts, snow 
slides and that kind of cattle. After pros- 
pecting 10 years. Wild Cat Bill, Flap- 
Jack Dick, Sour Dough Ike and I made a 
big cleanup in Boomerang gulch and dis- 
solved partnership. Bill struck out for the 
Whoop Up country, Dick and Ike loafed 
around until they were taken in by the In- 
dians, while I ran down the trail to Bos- 
ton, to take another look at the ocean and 
see if it was all there. I tried to put up at 
a place they call Harvard, but the hoys 
were sassy and wouldn't let me camp there. 
Guess old man Harvard was out at the 
time. I went down to Mr. Parker's tavern 
and hadn't taken a dozen cocktails when I 
met a man who had sailed with me when he 
was a kid. His name was Ebenezer Higin- 
botham. I had taught him all about navi 



gating the trails and he kept right on until 
he became captain of a whaler. He told me 
the ship was hitched somewhere outside and 
begged me to go with him hunting whales. 
I studied over this through 20 cocktails, and 
then made up my mind 

"We struck up North, rubbed out all the 
lines of longitude and shortitude, and many 
a whale did we sight. I wanted to set a 
bear trap or 2 for them, but Kb laughed at 
me. One day the fellow that was roosting 
up among the lariats yelled out, "A whale, 
a whale!'' as if it was going up there to 
bite him. The men got 2 boats over the 
side, and rowed away as if a lot of Apaches 
were hot on their trail. The captain watched 
them through a glass. I never use a glass 
except for whiskey and then only when I 
can't get at the bottle. The fellows rowed 
out and stuck 2 pike poles into that whale. 
He just swung his rudder round, sort of 
careless like, and smashed one boat into 
splinters. Then he opened his mouth and 
chawed the other boat up in one chaw. The 
men swam around a little and finally got 
into a boat the captain sent out to them. 

At last I says, "Lower the biggest Mack- 
inaw you have, put in your stoutest and 
longest lariat, my express rifle, and the 
whiskey bottle. Lively new !" They jumped 
to obey orders. I got into the boat, struck 
out for that whale, and got up pretty close 
to him. You ought to have seen the look on 
that critter's face ! He acted as if he had 
never been in a school of whales. I swung 
the lariat a time or 2 about my head and 
let drive. It caught him in the upper jaw 
and tight over the nose. I hauled in the 
slack and fastened the end to my belt. Why 
didn't he dive? How could he? Didn't 
I just tell you I was rowing? I kept up a 
lively gait and the whale just laid back on 
the lariat ; but at last he saw it was all up 
with him, so he came along as gentle as a 
calf. I got ashore and snubbed him to a 
tree. Then I rowed out, and putting up my 
rifle, shot him through the brain. I didn't 
want to risk a shoulder shot, as he was so 
deep in the water. Then the captain and 
crew came to tow the varmint to the ship. 

The captain cried when I told him I was 
not going back with him, but was going to 
row down to Boston, some 4.500 miles by 
the nearest cut off. Then he knew what I 
wanted the whiskey and crackers for. He 
said anyway I must share in the proceeds. 
I told him I only wanted as much as the 
other men got : no more. Three weeks af- 
ter I got to Boston a banker sent me word 
I had to my credit in gold, $30.000 — my 
share of the whale's lard. Big whale? Say, 
Mister! Do I look like a man who would 
tackle a little one?" 



"Miss Passe was kissed in a dark hall- 
wav the other night" 

"Is that so?" 

"Yes, and there hasn't been a light in 
her house since." — Life. 



RECREATION. 



165 



I 



J.W.ALEXANDER 

PRESIDENT 



J.H.HYDE 

VICE PRESIDENT 



HENRY B HYDE 



FOUNDER, 



--* 



ONLY A 

FEW FLAKES 

at a time — but wHat an 
accumulation all together. 

Only a few dollars at a time 
invested in an Endowment 
Policy in the Equitable — but 
what an accumulation for 
your maturer years. 

And while the money is ac- 
cumulating for you your 
family is protected. 

Vacancies for men of character to act as representatives 
Apply to GAGE E.TARBELL,2nd Vice President 







.* 



A 



For full information fill our this coupon, or write 

THE EQUITABLE LIFE ASSURANCE SOCIETYof the 

United States, 120 Broadway, New York. Dept. No. 1 6 

Please send me information regarding an Endowment fjr 

$ if issued at years of age. 

Name 

Address 






i66 



REt REATION. 



AMATEUR PHOTOGRAPHY. 

"For sport the lens is better than the gun." 
7 wish to make this department of the utmost 
use to amateurs. I shall, therefore, be glad to 
answer any questions and to print any items sent 
me by practical amateurs relating to their experi- 
ence in photography. 



THE WINNEB 

Recreation's 8th annual photo competi- 
tion closed November 30, and is now a 
matter of history. Nearly 500 entries were 
made, and among these were over 100 high 
class pictures. As usual, the judges had 
great difficulty in deciding which of these 
should he awarded the fust prize, which 
should have second, third, etc.; hut after 
careful deliberation they finally placed the 
prizes as follow 

1st prize, Kail Shooting on the Susque- 
hanna. U. C. Wanner. 

2d prize, At Home in the Rushes, J. E. 
Stanley. 

3d, Bob White by Flashlight, S. L. Bee- 
gle. 

4th, The Fisherman Who is Always 
Lucky. Chas. Vandervelde. 

5th, The Golf Girl, George Worth. 

6th, A Good Pair to Draw to, E. F. Pope. 

7th, Don*t Bother Me, I'm Busy, A. S. 
Goss. 

8th, I'm Trying to Look Pleasant, Flor- 
ence Molique. 

9th, Saved, by Gum! G. Wilbur Wood. 

10th, Three Black Crows Sat on a Tree, 
R. H. Beebe. 

Special prize for best photo of a live wild 
animal. On a Newfoundland Marsh, Mrs. 
W. B. Lee. 

nth, The Skater, Rud Engelmann. 

12th, The Army and Navy, Chester A. 
Reed. 

13th, At Breakfast. John H. Fisher, Jr. 

14th, Yes. Sir. S. G. Jameson. 

15th. A Good Catch, George Hartmann. 

16th, A Morning Snooze. J. E. Tylor. 

17th, Pin Cushions, Wallace J. Bundy. 

18th, Good Bye to Trains for 30 Days, 
Thos. C. Martindale. 

19th, Right on Them, Wm. H. Fisher. 

20th, Defiance, Geo. W. Fisk, Jr. 

21st, Humming Bird, Geo. J. Newgarden. 

22d, Caught Once More. B. T. Boies. 

23d. A Flying Leap, Chas, F. Tess. 

24th, American Goshawk, C. V. Oden. 

25th, A Cozy Retreat, name of photog- 
rapher unknown 

26th, The Foster Mother. F. Spittal. 

27th, The Eagle's Gibraltar, A. J. Brun- 
quist. 

28th, Canada Goose, Dr. Edward A. 
French. 

29th. Antelope in the Bad Lands, Mrs. T. 
F. Roberts. 

30th, Stepping High, E. F. Cowgill. 



;. A Corking Good Story, R. C. W. 
Lett 

32d, Goose Shooting on the Big Sioux, 
E. W. Edgington. 

J3d, Blue Heron in His Favorite Haunt, 
J. P. Humbly. 

34th, Young Night Hawk, W. Stark. 

35th, Ruffed Grouse, Fred L Libby. 

36th, Pine Grosbeaks, Robert Stevenson. 

37th, Honeysuckle Camp, W. D. Gay. 

38th, Family of Screech Owls, O. J. Ste- 
venson. 

39th. Young Robins, H. C. M'arkman. 

40th, Chicken Thief, A. J. Lewis. 

41st, Feeding the Baby, J. B. Parker. 

4_'tl, A Sun Bath, F. S. Andrus. 

43d, Great Blue Heron, Frank C. Nash. 

44th, Making Friends, G. N. Waterbury, 

45th, Coon, Homer W. Squier. 

46th, Hawk Eggs, Geo. C. H. Warner. 

47th, Patching the Canoe, W. E. Lurchin. 

48th, Round the Camp Fire, Leonard F. 
Weston. 

49th, The Angler, S. G. Jameson. 

50th, Grouse, F. J. Angier. 

51st, A Moonlight Sail, Albert Haanstad. 

52d, I'm Busy, C. M. Whitney. 

53d, Nest and Eggs of Ruffed Grouse, H. 
H. Fraser. 

54th, Midwinter Recreation, Chas. Mars- 
den. 

The following were highly commended: 

The Coon Wins ; Snake in Full Retreat; 
Something Doing; Stick a Tater in His 
Mouth; Rescued; The Reptile Strikes: A 
Black Climber prepares an Attack; Mutton 
Up and Mutton Down, and a River Shore 
Feast, J. E. Tylor. 

Posing and Top Line Work, U. C. 
Wanner. 

The Early Bird; Trying Their Muscle; 
Who Wants Me? R. H. Beebe. 

At Bay and Fly Casting on Williamson 
River, Oregon, E. C. Cross. 

Confidence and a High Jump, Chester A. 
Reed. 

A Sour Old Customer, Wm. H. Fisher. 

A Good Start and the Turkey Hunters, 
Frank H. Shaw. 

Defending His Castle, A. J. Brunquist. 

The Ski Girl, George Worth. 

Turtles, James E. Stanley, Jr. 

A Faithful Mother, J. B. Parker. 

Woodchuck Prospecting, F. S. Andrus. 

A Bad Case of Snakes, C. L. Fulstone. 

The Skaters and the Old Oaken Bucket, 
C. Vandervelde. 

The judges were Joseph T. Keiley, 
lawyer and expert amateur photographer, 
and Frank P. Dwyer, General Eastern agent 
of the Grand Trunk Railway. Both these 
gentlemen are well equipped in every way 
for the performance of the difficult task 



AMATEUR PHOTOCRAI'IIY. 



167 



assigned them, and both did what they 
considered right and fair to all concerned. 

Many readers will be disappointed at 
not finding their names in the list, and 
others at not finding theirs as far up as 
they had expected; but all such should re- 
member the peculiar conditions that enter 
into a contest of this kind. No man or 
woman can possibly appreciate the diffi- 
culty under which the judges labor, without 
being themselves placed in such a position. 

I trust that all who were successful in 
this competition may be even more so in 
the next, and that those who did not win 
prizes this time may get good ones the next 
time. 

Only 40 prizes were offered in this com- 
petition, and, of course, only this number 
were awarded by the judges. I have, 
however, decided to send Recreation one 
year to each of the persons named on the 
list and numbered 41 to 54 inclusive. 



PSEUDO STEREOSCOPIC PICTURES. 

BARON PAUL TCHERKASSOV. 

Anyone who has looked at a photograph 
through a magnifying lens must have no- 



i 



JCtpA* 



stereoscopic work. I have taken it up re- 
cently and during this brief time it has af- 
forded me much more enjoyment than I 
formerly got out of photographic work with 
a half plate stand camera and a quarter 
plate hand camera, with which I have- 
taken many pictures in the last 12 years. 
One day in 1901, while going through some 
old prints, the idea came to me that it might 
be possible to get a stereoscopic effect with 
some of them. After a few trials, I learned 
how to dispose the 2 separate prints, and 
what sizes to give them, as well as a few 
minor points the knowledge of which facil- 
itates the work. The results having proved 
satisfactory, a brief outline of my methods 
may interest other photographers. 

Two conditions must be fulfilled in or- 
der to attain good results : The focal dis- 
tance of the lens should be between 4 and 
5 inches; and prominent objects in close 
proximity to the camera should be avoided. 
This may require some explanaMon. In 
genuine stereoscopic work, it is 01 the ut- 
most advantage to get some prominent ob- 
jects in as close proximity to the lens as 
the latter's construction permits, for such 
objects, appearing on the 2 separate prints 



A 



B 



iC C\ 



A 



1 

f 



%ij&* 



< — 






1 



^ 



&*w. y t 



— -— &~J>*e<esSi*Lj/ — — — 



ticed how much more lifelike it looks ; how 
all the objects stand out in strong relief; 
how much more natural the perspective ap- 
pears. It must be obvious that if one pic- 
ture, seen through one magnifying lens, 
gains so much, a binocular contemplation 
of 2 identical pictures through 2 lenses is 
bound to produce a still more striking effect. 
This is shown to the utmost perfection at- 
tainable with pictures in monochrome, in 
stereoscopic pictures, taken with a properly 
constructed stereoscopic camera. It seems 
strange, therefore, that, as nearly as I can 
judge by my personal experience, hardly 
20 per cent of amateur photographers do 



*--- 1 — .?%/«* — ? 

1 



f 



~3- 



*fu^A\es )» 



-i- 

j ; 

i 

in different positions relative to objects sit- 
uated farther from the lens, are of great 
value in bringing out the stereoscopic ef- 
fect ; but. in pscudo stereoscopic work, 
where they necessarily stand in the same 
relation to other objects, in both prints, 
they are not of such value in enhancing 
the effect of the stereoscopic iamge. while 
they reveal to the careful observer the 
imitation. 

It is strange how differently people re- 
gard the same picture when they think it 
is genuinely stereoscopic and after they 
learn that it is what they call faked. I 
once showed my collection to some friends. 



1 68 



RECREATION. 



who admired them greatly and did not 
criticize those views among the lot which 
were imitations. Afterward I said that 
some of the pictures were made up from 
photos taken with an ordinary hand cam- 
era ; and they went over the whole collec- 
tion again, but could not find out which 
were which till I pointed them out. Then 
it was a case of: "Well, it is wonderful 
we did not notice it before! Now we see 
the difference clearly." After that, they 
seemed not to care for my made up stereo- 
scopic pictures, though some of them are 
eedingly beautiful. 

Given a pair of perfectly matched prints, 
that is, identical in depth and in tone, the 
next question is what size to cut them, 
how to trim and how to mount them so as 
to obtain the desired stereoscopic effect. 
I take 3 inches wide by 3*4 high a s about 
the standard. Selecting some point in the 
picture from which to take the necessary 
measurements for the width, trim one print 
so as to get that point 3-16 of an inch 
farther from the left edge than in the 
second print. In the second print, add this 
space of 3-16 inch to the right margin, 
measuring, of course, from the same fixed 
point. That is, designating the different 
parts of the print thus : A, the strip to 
the left of the arbitrarily chosen starting 
point X ; B, the strip to the right of that 
point; and C, the 3-16 inch wide strip; the 
right hand image has the following for- 
mula: C + A -f-B; and the left hand 
image, A + B + C. See diagram. 

Mount the 2 prints on the stereoscopic 
blank. To do this properly requires but 
average care and ability. The most impor- 
tant operation is to get the base lines of 
both prints perfectly true. Next comes the 
trimming of those edges which will come 
into juxtaposition in the center of the 
blank. A space a trifle over 1-16 inch 
wide may be left here, but I usually mount 
the edges close together. 

There is. perhaps, no novelty in this 
style of making up stereoscopic prints from 
single ones. If this should happen to be 
the case, I can only say that I never have 
come across a description of it, or heard of 
it. All there was to learn about it I have 
worked out by myself, "rule of thumb" 
fashion. The deductions came afterward. 



MAKING THE PRIZE WINNERS. 

Regarding the winner of 3d prize, Bob 
White by Flashlight, reproduced on page 
104 of this issue. T wrote Mr. Beegle as 
follows : 

Will you kindly tell me all about the 
conditions under which the quail picture 
was made? Was the photo made from a 
live bird or from a mounted specimen? 



It appears to me to be from a live bird, but 
if you have been reading Recreation, you 
will know that as soon as the picture is 
published some critics may bob up and 
claim it is from a mounted specimen. 

The second question is, if the bird was 
alive, was he in his wild state or in domes- 
tication, or in confinement. If at large, 
you have been exceedingly fortunate in get- 
ting so fine a picture of him. 

The judges, in awarding the prizes, would 
immediately raise all these questions, and it 
will be well to have a full statement from 
you with the picture. 

To this, Mr. Beegle replied. 

My photo of a quail was made from a live 
wild bird, not domesticated, although it 
was a captive several days, and after the 
photo was made flew away, perhaps to be- 
come the prey of some gunner. To assert 
or imply that it was a snap shot of a quail 
in the grass, taken by going afield with a 
camera, would be more than ridiculous ; but 
it is exactly what it represents, a live wild 
bird, free and unhampered, released and 
photographed in a tuft of grass, without 
any strings or other contrivances to keep it 
confined. It seems to me that any man 
who ever saw a quail can tell from the nat- 
ural expression of the bird, the alertness, 
etc., that no taxidermist could duplicate it. 
Those who might think it a photo of a 
mounted specimen I should under no cir- 
cumstances try to convince. They would 
not have the intelligence to know a live 
quail from a stuffed one, and they deserve 
no consideration whatever. To those who 
have done any of this work I stand ready 
to demonstrate that possibly even better pic- 
tures may be made than the one submitted. 

This photo was taken with a Goerz lens, 
1-10 second exposure, and printed on Velox 
paper. 

S. L. Beegle, Orange, N. J. 

The photo of the caribou stag on the bar- 
rens of Newfoundland was taken October 
24, 1903, at 50 feet, as the animal was com- 
ing slowly toward me. The camera used 
was an Eastman Cartridge Kodak, No. 4. 

Mrs. William B. Lee, Rochester, N. Y. 

This photo is reproduced on page 101 of 
this issue. — Editor. 



Ernie : No, she isn't going to marry 
Claude, after all. 

Ida : But they say he can quote Emerson 
and Browning. 

Yes, but the other young man can quote 
Sugar and Steel. — Chicago Daily News. 



Recreation is the best magazine pub- 
lished. J. M. Kyle, Cedarville, O. 



RECREATIOX. 



xvn 



PREMOS and POCOS 




as 

Film 

Cameras 



By means of Premo Film Pack Adapter any 3J- x 4 \ or 
4x5 Premo or Poco becomes a daylight loading film 
camera, and you may 



Focus on the 
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The Film Pack (12 exposures) 
loads into Adapter in simplest 
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single motion presents next film. 




ADAPTER — size of ordinary plate holder 



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Ask the dealer or write us for booklet 



XV111 



RECREATION. 




A Press Button Hunting Knife 

Is one of the best articles a hunter ever carried 




It has a 4 Inch Blade made of the Best Sliver Steel 

The knife cannot come open in your pocket. It cannot close on your hand when in use. It opens and closes 
only when 

YOU PRESS THE BUTTON 

If you once use one of these knives you will never use any other. You can get one as a premium for 

3 YEARLY SUBSCRIPTIONS TO RECREATION 

Sample Copies furnished on request. 



RECREATION. 



xix 



COONING IN DELAWARE. 

Jack and I drove to the branch to try 
our new coon dog, Trueman. While we 
were tying our horse my pup Moscow 
struck in the branch, the new dog gave 
tongue, and in less than 5 minutes both were 
barking to a tree not far off. When we 
got there all we could see was Trueman's 
tail sticking out of a hollow stub about 4 
feet high. He had jumped up on the stub 
and gone into it head first. The hollow was 
too small for him to turn around in and 
too deep to back out of. We grabbed the 
dog by the tail and hind legs and pulled 
him out. He brought the coon with him 
and never let go until it was dead. 

Farther up the branch Trueman struck 
another trail and ran it about half a mile. 
He finally lost the scent, either because of 
the thick brush and wet ground or, more 
probably, as I have since learned, through 
my bad handling. On the way back to 
where we had tied the horse the dog com- 
menced to bark. We found he had another 
coon in a hollow log. It took about an 
hour of hard chopping, punching and pry- 
ing to get the rascal out. He is now living 
in my coon cage, as contented as can be. 
W. L. Barnes, Seaford, Del. 



Mrs. Noorich — That picture's one of the 
old masters. 

Norah (the new maid) — Well, it can't be 
of any value, ma'am, or sure he'd 'av' took 
it wid him whin he moved. — Harper's Mag- 
azine. 

LANTERN SLIDES COLORED 
SKILLFULLY AND ARTISTICALLY 

FOR 

Lecturers, Teachers and others 



I refer by permission to the Editor of Recreation 



MRS. C. B. SMITH 

The Ansonia, 74th St., &. Broadway, 
New York City. 

The Davenport you kindly gave me is 
the cutest little rifle I ever saw. I thank 
you heartily. 

W. Baumline, Albany, N. Y. 



No Curl 
to Eastman's 
NV Film. 



The one drawback to the use of film has always 
been its tendency to roll up. There's none of 
this with N. C. Film. There's not even a modified 
curl. It lies flat in development and afterward 
the negatives may be as readily handled as so many 
pieces of thin cardboard. No other film is like 
it. It is patented. Develops in daylight if you 
have a Kodak Developing Machine. 

It has other advantages too — orthochromatism 
(i. e. a correct rendering of color values) speed 
— latitude. 

Your Kodak dealer has it. No advance over 
the prices you have always paid for Eastman film. 

$4,850.00 in Cash Prizes 

for Kodak Pictures. Send for circular. 

EASTMAN KODAK CO. 

Rochester, N. Y. 

OIL PORTRAITS ON APPROVAL. 

If you will send me a photo of your- 
self or a friend and state color of hair, 
eyes and complexion I will paint and 
send you on approval a miniature oil 
or pastel portrait. 

Canvas 6x8 or 8x10 inches, $10.00 
Canvas 10x12 or 12x14 inches, .$15.00 

Z. EMMONS, 58 West J04th St., New York. 

Reference : Mr. G. O. Shields. 




^= 



Eye Glasses into Spectacles. Spectacles into Eye Glasses 

BE PROTECTED! 

DON'T BREAK OR LOSE YOUR GltAMEfl IN EXERCISE, WIffD WD STOK.tl 

Can be attached by anyone Send thickness of lens wktM »rd*Hng by m.iil 

Price in Nickel 50c. a pnir. CJilt 75e. n pnir. CJold Filled £1 n pnir. Solid (Jold *-2.>0 11 pair. 

Established 1842 GALL & LEMBKE, Dept.C, 1 W. 42d St. 21 Union Sq., New York 



Send for Circular 



RECREATION. 



no, 3 

Oleno 
Rawk=€ye 




POPULAR SIZE 

POPULAR PRICE 

EASY TO OPERATE 

EVER READY 

Makes picture 3^x4^. Sells for $9.00. Fitted with Automatic Shutter, Iris 
Diaphragm, Universal Focus Lens. It's EVER READY. Uses Perforated 
Daylight Loading Film, also Eastman Cartridge Film. 



•flo. 3 UUeno 1Hawksj£ye, $9.00 

Full Description in Hawk-Eye Booklet. 



BLAIR CAMERA CO. 

Rochester, N. Y. 



Do you want a Good, Reliable, 
Substantial, Well Made 

Single Barrel Snot Gi 

If so, send me 
JO YEARLY SUBSCRIPTIONS 

and I will send you such a 
Gun as a premium 

It is made by the DA VENPORT ARMS 
CO., and this means it is made of good 
material and that only good workmanship 
is put on it 

This is one of the many remarkable op- 
portunities RECREATION is offering to 
men and boys to fit themselves out com- 
pletely for shooting and fishing. 

Sample Copies for Use In Canvassing 
Furnished on Application. 



Address 



RECREATION 



23 W. 24th St., 



New York City 



IN ANSWERING ADS 

MENTION RECREATION. 



PLEASE 



Burnt Work — Something Great. To 
persons sending subscriptions to Recrea- 
tion through me, or sending them direct 
to the office to my credit, I will send th~ 
following prizes : 

For i yearly subscription to Recreation 
I will give a neat barrel match safe mount- 
ed on an oval back, both burned and deco- 
rated, equal in value to 75 cents. 

For 2 yearly subscriptions to Recreation 
I will give a 6 inch round picture frame 
burned and decorated with beautiful old 
fashioned poppies tinted with water colors. 
These would cost you $1.25 at the least. 

For 5 yearly subscriptions to Recreation 
I will give either a round stool 14 inches 
high with round upholstered top or a square 
stool same height with square upholstered 
top. These would probably cost you $7 or 
$8 finished as I finish them with designs 
burned in the wood and leather. 



Recreation is fine. I like the way you 
give it to the game hogs. Give them some 
more ; they need it. 
C. S. Humphrey, W. New Brighton, N. Y. 



The Mayor of a small provincial town 
in France had the following notice promul- 
gated : 

"After analysis at grocers' and wine mer- 
chants', eatables and drinkables that have 
been pronounced injurious to health will 
be confiscated and distributed among the 
various local benevolent institutions."— Ex- 
change. 



RECREATION. 



XXI 



M** 








. iWal i^ 



as to the quality of pictures made idith a [its all 

KORONA Camera^ 



GUNDLACH-MANHATTAN OPTICAL CO., 730 So. Clinton Ave., Rochester, N. Y. 



"THE KORONA and .he FILM PACK" 

is the title of an artistic 
little folder which tells how 

the KORONA can be 

converted into a 

Focusing Film Camera 

by the use of the 

FILM PACK ADAPTER 

Do you want it? Your name, please. 



Mention Recreation. 



wvii RECREATIOX 



Going 
Fishing? 



Well fixed for rods? If not, 
send me 5 yearly subscriptions to 

RECREATION 

and get a Bristol Steel Rod — 
any one listing at $6.00 or less. 

Everybody knows what a Bristol 
Steel Rod is. It is equal in 
strength, durability, suppleness, 
and all the other good qualities to a 
split bamboo rod costing $20. 

Sample copies of RECREATION for use in canvassing: furnished on application 



RECREATION. 



xxni 



BEYOND A DOUBT 

GOERZ 

» 

DOUBLE ANASTIGMATS 

For all around Work are UNEQUALLED 




We would draw your attention to the illustrations on 

pages 88 to 98 of this magazine. All of the original 
Photographs were made with 

GOERZ DOUBLE AINASTIGMAT LENSES 

We are now prepared to supply Sector Shutters of all 
sizes, and at the following reduced prices : $17.00 for 
small and $20.00 for the larger sizes. 

Ask for our new illustrated catalogue 

C. P. GOERZ OPTICAL WORKS 

52 E. UNION SQUARE Room 27, NEW YORK CITY 

Mention Rf.creation. 



XXIV 



RECREATION. 



A PROSPECTOR'S HOLIDAY. 

GEO. F. WRIGHT. 

Last winter, while encamped on Snake 
river about ioo miles above Lewiston, we 
>aw bighorn sign. We were prospectors; 
but it was our off season and there was 
plenty of grub in the cabin. Moreover, 
as we could not get back across the Seven 
Devil mountains until spring we could well 
afford to put in a day or so after sheep. 
The pursuit of that variety of game is 
usually beset with difficulties that make it 
more work than sport; but it was different 
with us. 

For ioo miles or more Snake river runs 
in a canyon which is relieved here and 
there by flats a few acres in extent at the 
mouth of some mountain stream. These 
flats yield fine gold, as does all the dirt 
along the river. Travel beside the stream 
is exceedingly dangerous ; so we had crossed 
the mountains, a few weeks before, to 
reach our flat. Although shut out from 
civilization, we were happy. There was 
no snow on the flats and but little on 
the lower slopes of the mountains. The 
richness of the soil in that region makes 
amends for its scarcity. There the bunch 
grass loses its destinctive feature. It does 
not bunch, but forms a carpet that brings 
joy to the heart of a hungry cayuse. Nor 
is there lack of animal life. The morning 
after we got settled I found, across the 
steam and not a stone's throw from our 
shack, the remains of a bighorn buck, with 
cougar sign around it. 

When ready for our hunt we started 
afoot, leading a pack horse, for the moun- 
tain summit. The trail was badly uptilted 
at the farther end, but after 3 hours' climb- 
ing we bumped into zero weather. Just 
inside.it stood the Grand Patriarch of all 
the bighorn bucks on that range. Not 
long did he stand, and out of sight he went 
before we could get a shot. A thousand 
yards away he came into view again, going 
23 feet at a jump and not rising in the air 
an inch. 

My partner had recovered his breath by 
that time, and blazed away with a .45-70. 
The first shot struck 100 feet too low, and 
the second was worse. I was so completer 
ly out of breath that I knew I could not 
shoot standing. Running to an opening, 

1 threw myself flat on what I too late 
found was a snow bank. When I had res- 
cued myself I began pumping pug-nosed 
bullets into the vacuum tl.t buck was mak- 
ing. I scored clean misses with my first 

2 shots. The third was a scratch on the 
white patch the buck wore on his trousers. 
What was left of his heart after the fourth 
shot, we had for lunch. The horns were 
14^4 inches around. 

A few minutes later we reached the 
summit of the mountain. The top, sliced 
off by glacial action, is a plateau of about 
200 acres, exposing a rich deposit of gold- 
bearing gravel. Miners who visit the I 
place in the spring can, with the little I 



snow water they are able to save, rock out 
$10 to $20 a day for a few weeks. 

In one of the cabins on the summit we 
ate a light lunch of 2 quarts of pink beans, 
the same quantity of coffee, dashed with 
canned cream, and, last and greatest, the 
heart of the buck. 

Then we looked across Snake river at 
Oregon and range after range of golden, 
green, red and snow-capped mountains. It 
was worth living 32 years just to stand 
there and look. Almost under our feet, 
far below winter, we could see summer 
and our cabin in the valley ; and every- 
where about us, amid kinnikinnic brush and 
mountain mahogany, was mule deer sign. 

We continued the hunt after exchang- 
ing rifles ; my partner saying that having 
seen a full Lyman rigged Savage at work, 
he was disgusted with his smoke-maker. 
Coming presently to a little mound cov- 
ered with mahogany, he took one side and 
I the other. In a few minutes I walked 
out of the brush and almost into 2 mag- 
nificent bucks facing each other and paw- 
ing the snow. In the same instant they 
saw me and were off down the mountain. 
When I had fired 3 times one was out of 
sight and the other lay, 300 yards away, 
with a hole in his head and one of his 
prongs shot off. He was a beauty, and so 
heavy I could not drag him. I called my 
partner, and we cut off the buck's head and 
hung it up after making a second count of 
the 10 points it sported. 

The fact that impressed us most was 
that though we had eaten game meat of all 
kinds, from the Arctic circle to any old 
place, we had never enjoyed anything else 
as we did the flavor of that buck's liver. 
Large thick slices of it, well done with 
bacon on the side, sour dough bread and a 
ravenous appetite combined in the making 
of a gastronomic triumph. How so much 
tenderness got inside such a hunk of 
gristle as that deer was, I have not yet 
figured out. We could not stick a knife 
in gravy made from the rest of the beast. 



Detroit, Mich. 

The Peters Cartridge Co., 
Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Dear Sirs: You are not the only manu- 
facturer of shells, and friends of Recrea- 
tion can use other brands. You should 
bear in mind that there is only one Recre- 
ation, that its friends are legion and that 
most of its subscribers, myself included, do 
not use shells not advertised in it. 

F. H. Cogswell. 



I am very much pleased with your maga- 
zine, as I think everyone who enjoys sport 
ought to be. I have read a good many 
book9, but Recreation beats them all. 
Carl B. Edminster, White River Junction, 

Vt 



RECREATION. 



XXV 




DON'T BE AN 
ESQUIMAUX 

1~[~^\ ULLNESS, is a racial characteristic of trie 
only people who do not cook their food, 
' 1 J / viz-the Esquimaux. 

Cooking is simply a stage in pre-digestion. 



The more pre-digested a food is, before it is 
eaten, the less energy will it take from Brain-power, 
during the after process of digestion. 

Why do you feel " dull " after a heavy dinner? 
Every bit of steam taken away from the 
engines of a Ship, on a winter voyage, to heat the 
state-rooms, is so much loss of speed which she 
might have made, in warmer weather, with the same 
boilers, and the same Coal consumption. 

Digestion is work, just like sawing wood, or 
thinking out a knotty problem. 

The energy put into it can be economized for 
Intellectual effort, by the liberal use of "Grape- 
" instead of cruder diet. 

Not half the food we eat, is ever fully diges- 
nor entirely assimilated, so that there is no 
danger of your Liver "getting out of practice" 
through the use, of pre-digested "Grape-nuts." 
The Postman doesn't forget how to walk, merely because he rides 
home on a street car, when he is tired. 

" Grape-nuts" is Wheat, with its Energy-producing Starch, and its 



nuts 



*. Brain-building Phosphates, pre-digested beyond the Liver stage, ready for 
prompt assimilation and superior Brain work. 

A Government analysis proves it to be eighteen times readier for 
assimilation than Oatmeal, and thrice asdextrinated as the average Wheat food. 

This analysis will be sent free on request. 

Grape -Nuts 



XX VI 



RECREATIOX. 




Bicycle 
Cards 

Good Cards. 



are 



Their splendid wearing, dealing 
and playing qualities, are found 
in no other popular- priced card. 
Sold by dealers from Greenland 
to Tasmania. 

The U. S. Playing Card Co. 

Cincinnati, U. S. A. 

HOYLE for 10c. ISJJSK."! paees ' 

For Duplicate Whist, best of card games, use Paine'sTrays 
Lessons free with each set of trays Write for particulars. 



L 



Club 
Cocktails 



Famous the world 
over for purity. 
They never vary. 
The secret of their 
perfect blend is that 
they are kept six 
months before being 
drawn off and bot- 
tled. Be sure you 
have them in your 
camp, on the yacht, 
and on your outing 
trips wherever you 
go. They are ready and require no 
mixing. Simply pour over cracked ice. 

For Sale by all Fancy Grocers and Dealers 

Q. F. HEUBLEIN & BRO. 

29 BROADWAY, If. Y. HARTFORD, C05H. 




DO YOU WISH TO IMPROVE YOUR 
SHOOTING? IF IT IS AS GOOD AS 
IT CAN BE, DO YOU WISH TO KEEP 
IT SO? IN EITHER CASE, THE J. C. 
HAND TRAP WILL BRING WITHIN 
YOUR REACH THE FULL ADVAN- 
TAGE OF A SHOOTING RANGE. 
THESE TRAPS WILL SUCCESS- 
FULLY THROW ANY OF THE CLAY 
TARGETS NOW IN USE, GIVING A 
LIFE LIKE REPRESENTATION OF A 
BIRD IN FLIGHT. I WILL SEND 
YOU A J. C. HAND TRAP FOR 5 
YEARLY SUBSCRIPTIONS TO REC- 
REATION. SEND IN YOUR CLUB 
NOW, AND IMPROVE ON YOUR 
SHOOTING. 



RECREATION. 



XXVll 



Chicago, 111. 
The Peters Cartridge Co., 
Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Dear Sirs : As a sportsman and a sub- 
scriber to Recreation I wish to express the 
surprise I feel at your course in withdraw- 
ing your ad from that magazine because a 
correspondent, writing on sporting matters, 
expressed an unfavorable opinion of your 
cartridges. 

The value of the correspondence in a 
sportsmen's magazine consists in the confi- 
dence, inspired by its honesty and candor, 
its fairness and the independence of its con- 
tributors. If no one was allowed to ex- 
press his views of anything advertised in 
the paper, unless those views were favora- 
ble, how long would the paper retain the 
confidence of its readers? 

I am largely influenced in my opinion of 
sporting goods that I have not tried by the 
opinions expressed in Recreation of fel- 
low sportsmen who have. But would I be 
so influenced if convinced that their letters 
were only puffing adjuncts to the advertis- 
ing department of the magazine? 

No, gentlemen, you are wrong. Your 
course is not one that fair minded sports- 
men can approve. You show yourselves 
unduly sensitive. Ammunition that re- 
quires such methods to defend if must be 
far from perfect. It is only fair, however, 
to suppose that you acted in a fit of temper. 
If so, there is yet time to set yourself right 
in the estimation of sportsmen. 

Channing M. Coleman. 



BIG MONEY 



In Mail-Order 
Business 

People are buying more by mail than ever before : one mail 
order house does a business of a million dollars monthly; 
another receives 2.000 letters daily, nearly all containing 
money; mail order trading is unquestionably the business 
nwh"d ot the future The field is large, the possibiliti-s 
unlimited. Let us send you our plan for starting begin- 
ners; it covers every point. Enclose stamp. 

CENTRAL SUPPLY CO., Kansas City, Mo. 



PLAYS 



Dialogues, Charades, Recitations 

and other entertainment books. 
Send forfr»e catalog of over 2000 plays. 

Dramatic Publishing Company 

358 Dearborn St . Chicago, or 40 \\ . 23:h St., New York 



A RARE OFFER 

ATREATTOYOU-"A SURPRISE" 

Three Splendid Books 

500 Pages. Over 1,000 Illustrations 
Covering every subject of 

FISHING 
ANGLING 
HUNTING 
CAMPING, Etc. 




Send ioc. in 
coin or stamps 
for either book 
or 30c. for the 
three books. 

The Best and 
Most Instruct- 
ive Books ever 

published (they 
will surprise 
you). 





Remarkably 
Good Offer 

DONTMISSIT 

Write at once 



THE BIGGEST VALUE 

ever offered the Sporting 
Public, so say thousands of 
sportsmen. 

The three Books hound in 
one volume of 5oo pages, now 
ready. "A Complete Sports- 
man's Library . ' ' Circula rfret 

WRITE AT ONCE. Address 



" BUZZACOTT," Racine Jet., Wis, 



PIANO 



Do You Want • 
Genuine Bargain 

Hundredt of Upright Piano* 
returned from renting to be 
disposed of at once. They include Steinways, Knabes, Fischers, 
Sterlings and other well known makes. Many cannot be dis- 
tinguished from new sa *■•■> m^ as SJ yet all are offered at 
a great discjunt. I | I \ Afl Uprights a* low 

as $100. Also beau- Wk W\\ | Iwl t'ful New Up- 
rights at 1125,1135, I I HI |f I $!50and|l65. Anna 
instrument at $290, fully equal to many 

$400 pianos. Monthly payment* accepted. Freight only about 
$6. Write for list and particulars. You make a great saving. 
Pianos warranted as represented. Illustrated Piano Book Pre*. 

LYON & HEALY 

30 Adams St.* CHICACO. 

'••Id's largest music house; sells Everything known in MajftP 




Our Guarantee : The Record of 25 Years 

Time proves all things, and our 
I with ■ million customers tells 
our story We deal direct with con- 
sumers and warrant every blade 
hand-forced razor Steel. I his is 
•'Clinimrev Depew*fl I'el," has 
three blades (one is a file) Handle 
is choicest selected pearl; German 

silvi r back and ends Price, in 

chamois case, §1 JO, postpaid Same 

knife, -' blade, $1 ; plainer finish, 3 

blade, same qualits Si; smaller, 2 blade, 

for lad) , S 1 i plainer finish, 75 cents. 

Rnzor Steel .Tack Knife. 1 blade, price, 

7~> (Tilt-. )6 cents for a while; 5 for $3. 

This knife and 60c Shears for 

fl.OO. Hollow Ground Razor and 

Strop to suit, $1 55. Illustrated 

< list free, and " Hon to 

Razor. " 



MAHER & GROSH CO., 

74 A Street, Toledo. Ohio 



XXV111 



RECREATION. 



SOME RARE OPPORTUNITIES 

These goods are all new, and will be shipped 
direct from factory. Prices named are those at 
which manufacturers and dealers usually sell. 
Here is a good chance to get 

A Book, a Gun, a Camera ) 

A Sleeping Bag, a Fishing Rod V ™"l Uh 

A Reel, a Tent, ) tUb ' 

Subscriptions need not all be sent at once. They 
may be sent in installments as taken and credit will 
be given on account. When the required number 
is obtained the premium earned will be shipped. 

TO ANY PERSON SENDING ME 

TWO new yearly subscriptions to Recreation 
at $i each, 1 will send a copy of Hunting 
in the Great W<«/,cloth; or an lngersoll Watch 
or Cyclometer, listed at $i; or a Recreation 
Waterproof Match Box, made by W. L. 
Marble and listed at $i; or a Shakespeare 
Revolution Bait listed at 75 cents; or a 
Laughlin Fountain Pen ; or a dozen Trout 
Flies, assorted, listed at $1 ; or a pair of At- 
tachable Eyeglass Temples, gold-plated, 
made by Gall & Lembke; or one Rifle Wick 
Plug, made by Hemm & Woodward, Sidney, 
Ohio, 30 caliber to 50 caliber, or Shotgun 
Wick Plug, 20 gauge up to 10 gauge, or a 
pair of chrome tanned horsehide hunting 
and driving gloves, listed at $150, made by 
J. P. Luther Glove Co. 

THREE new subscriptions at $1 each, a safety 
pocket ax, made by W. L. Marble and 
listed at $2.50 ; or a dozen Bass Flies, 
assorted, listed at $2 ; or a pair of Shotgun 
Wick Plugs made by Hemm & Woodward, 
Sidney, Ohio, 20 gauge to 10 gauge ; or a 
Polished Buffalo Horn Gun Rack, made by 
E. W. Stiles; or a pair of gauntlets, for 
hunting and driving, ladies' size, listed at 
$2.50, made by J. P. Luther Glove Co., or a 
Press Button Jack Knife, made by The Nov- 
elty Knife Co., and listed at $1. 

FOUR new subscriptions at $1 each, an Ideal 
Hunting Knife, made by W. L. Marble and 
listed at $2.50 ; or a 32 caliber, automatic 
double action revolver, made by Harrington 
& Richardson Arms Co. 

FIVE new subscriptions at $1 each, a copy of 
Cruisings in the Cascades, cloth ; or a set of 
Nehring's Convertible Ampliscopes, listed 
at $5.00; or an Ideal Hunting Knife made 
by W. L. Marble, and listed at $3; 
or a pair of lock lever skates, made by 
Barney & Berry, listed at $4 50; or a J C 
Hand trap made by the Mitchell Mfg. Co., 
listed at $4.; or a Bristol Steel Fishing 
R<<d. listed at $6, or less; or a Yiwman & 
Erbe Automatic Reel, listed at $6 to $9. 



SIX new subscriptions at $1 each, a Hawkeye 
Refrigerating Basket made by the Burlington 
Basket Co., or one dozen Eureka golf balls 
listed at $4; or a Pocket Poco B ^%x\%, 
made by the Rochester Optical & Camera 
Co. , listed at $9. 



SEVEN new subscriptions at $1 each, a copy of 
The Big Game of North A merica, or of The 
American Book of the Dog, cloth, or ore set 
Lakewood golf clubs, 5 in number, listing at $5 ; 
or a series 11 F Korona Camera, made 
by the Gundlach Optical Co., listed at $10. 

EIGHT new subscriptions at $1 each. A 
series E, 4x5, Korona Camera, made by 
the Gundlach Optical Co., listed at $12. or 
an Acme single shot gun, made by the Da- 
venpoit Arms Co., and listed at $8. 

TEN new subscriptions at $1 each, a Cut- 
Glass Salad Bowl, made by Higgins & 
Seiter, and listed at $4.50 ; or a Waterproof 
Wall Tent 7x7, made by Abercrombie & 
Fitch, and listed at $8; or a Rough Rider 
rifle telescope, made by The Malcolm Rifle 
Sight Mfg. Co., and listed at $12; or a Pneu- 
matic Camp Mattress, listed at $18. 

TWELVE new subscriptions at $1 each, a Da- 
venport Ejector Gun, listed at $10., or a 
Cycle Poco No. 3, 4x5, made by the Roches- 
ter & Optical Camera Co., listed at $15 ; or 
an 8 ft. folding canvas boat, made by the Life 
Saving Canvas Boat Co., listed at $29. 

FIFTEEN new subscriptions, $1 each, a Shake- 
speare Reel, Silver Plated, listed at $15; or a 
set of rabbit plates made by Higgins & Seiter, 
and listed at $8, or a Field Glass made by 
Gall & Lembke; or a Kenwood Sleeping Bag, 
complete, with canvas cover, listed at $16; 
or a Bulls-Eye rifle telescope, made by The 
Malcolm Rifle Sight Mfg. Co., and listed at$i6; 
or a 10 ft. special canvas boat, made by the 
Life Saving Canvas Boat Co. , and listed at $35 ; 
or a pair of horsehide hunting boots, listed 
at $10. 

TWENTY new subscriptions at $1 each, a 14- 
karat small size Gold Hunting-case Watch, 
with Waltham Movement, listed at $20; or 
an Elita single shot gun, made by the 
Davenport Arms Co., and listed at $18., or 
an Acme Folding Canvas Boat, No. 1, 
Grade, A listed at $27; or a Mullins Duck 
Boat, listed at $20. 

TWENTY-FIVE new subscriptions at $1 each, 
A 4x5 Planatic lens, made by the Rochester 
Lens Co., and listed at $45. 

THIRTY new subscriptions at $1 each, a 
Waterproof Tent. 14^ x 17, made by Aber- 
crombie & Fitch, and listed at $25. 

FORTY new subscriptions at $1 each, a Savage 
.303 Repeating Rifle; or a No. 10 Gun Cab- 
inet, made by the West End Furniture Co., 
and listed at $32. 

FIFTY new subscriptions at $1 each, a No. 20 
Gun Cabinet, made by the West End 
Furniture Co., and listed at $38. 

TWO HUNDRED new subscriptions at$i each, 
a strictly first class upright piano, listed at 
$750. 

Address, Recreation &™ e Y s ^ r 2 k 4th st ' 



RECREATION 



XXIX 




HovvTo Crow Tall 



WOULDN'T YOU LIKE TO ADD FROM TWO 
TO FIVE INCHED TO YOUR HEIGHT? 

To be a " good height to dance with," to be " tall enough to see in a crowd ? " 
To improve the symmetry ot your figure and to add to your general appearance ? 
It is entirely possible for you to increase ycur height and accomplish these 
other advantages in your own borne without taking any internal treatment, 
without drugs, without operation, without pain ov injury to yourself, without puttinp 
yourself to any inconvenience. 

FREE TO ANY SHORT PERSON. 

In order that anyone can learn how to ret increased in height, we have prepared 
an interestinz book for free distribution, explaining why some people are short 
and others tall, and telling bow snort people can add from two to five inches to 
their height, and get all the advantages that good heizht carries with it. All you 
have to do is to write for this book, stating your height, your weight, your age, 
your sex, and we will send you full particulars about the science of getting 
increased height and good figure. Address at once 

THE CARTILAGE CO., DEPT.104D, ROCHESTER, N.Y. 



TO COQUIXA, THE ROASTER. 

V. S. FITZ PATRICK. 

We were camping in the mountains by a 

sparkling little brook, 
When, one day, we got to arguing about 

our favorite cook. 
I said mine was Coquina, and I sang his 

praises loud; 
For when it comes to cooking he can do 

himself right proud 
At frying, boiling, stewing and at making 

up a toast ; 
But to do him right and justice, 
You should let him make pork roast ! 

First he heats the pan and oils it well, 
with League of Sportsmen grease, 

Then he grabs the filthy game hog and pre- 
pares him for the feast. 

How that hog does squeal and holler as 
Coquina plies the knife! 

For to make him fit for roasting he must 
skin the brute alive. 

Then he jams him in the bake pan. Recre- 
ation sauce spreads thick, 

Puts him in an oven piping hot and bastes 
him with a stick ; 

Bring him out all nicely roasted ; then we 
drink the cook a toast, 

For the dish he's made so savory, is a sure 
'nuff game hog roast ! 

IN ANSWERING ADS PLEASE 
MENTION RECREATION. 



Good B 
Is a Food 

Pabst Blue Ribbon is a good beer. 
By ""good beer we mean a scien- 
tific infusion or perfect malt ana 
choice hops. Xo make a perfect rood 
product the materials must be per- 
fect, the plant must be clean, and 
the process must give no chance for 
impurity or infection. 

Pabst 

Blue Ribbon 

is made from selected barley under 
our own supervision; the hops are 
tne best that can be bought, and tne 
water is from Lake Michigan, the 
best water in tne world for brew- 
ing beer. Pabst uses artesian water 
from his own wells for cooling beer, 
not for brewing it. Artesian water 
is * "hard water and not suitable for 
brewing good beer. 

In the polished copper brewing vats, 
the water and malt are boiled for 
hours, cooled in pipes under flowing 
artesian water, and never exposed to 
air that is not filtered and purified. 
Perfect malt, choice hops and a 
clean plant make Pabst Blue Ribbon 



The Beer of Quality 




XX \ 



RECRHATIOX. 



FREE 

Until Cured 




> / TRADE MARK 

To men who suffer any personal weak- 
ness of whatever nature, the effects of in- 
discretions, overwork, exposure or excesses, 
varicocele, or from rheumatism, lame back, 
lumbago, kidney, liver or stomach com- 
plaints, I, beginning with this month, have 
this proposition to make; I will give you 
the use of my world-famed Dr. Sanden 
Electric Belt free until you are cured, and 
will not ask one cent in advance or on de- 
posit. The price of my belts is from $4 
up, and when cured you pay the price of 
same, and no more, and not until then. 
The advice and guidance I will give you 
until your health is regained, is from nearly 
40 years' successful experience, and will 
cost you nothing. 

My reason for making this offer is simply 
to convince skeptics of my faith in my 
treatment. I have a remedy that I know 
will do what I claim for it, and from my 
knowledge of sportsmen feel safe in leaving 
it to their honor to do right by me if I do 
right by them. 

I have two best little books ever written 
upon electricity and its medical uses, and 
even if you don't need or wish to try my 
treatment, they will interest and instruct 
you. 

Write today for my treatment and books, 
free, by mail, sealed. 

DR. Q. B. SANDEN 

1155 Broadway, New York 



KEEP 

YOUR 

HANDS 

WARM 



Send me 2 yearly subscriptions 
to Recreation and I will send you 
a pair of Leather Hunting Gloves 

made to your measure, by the 
Luther Glove Co., Berlin, WU 



Sample copies for ttse in canvass- 
ing fur 71 is Jied on request 



Taxidermy Free to Subscribers of Rec- 
reation. 

To any person sending me $1 for 1 
year's subscription to Recreation I will 
mount free of charge any bird up to and 
including the size of a robin, blue jay, 
etc. For 2 subscriptions 1 will mount 
birds the size of screech owl, quail, etc. 
For 3 subscriptions I will mount birds 
the size of ruffed grouse. For 4 5ub- 
scriptions, red tail hawk, wood duck, etc. 
For 5 subscriptions, brant, fish hawk, 
etc. For 6 subscriptions, gnat horned 
owl. etc. For 7 subscriptions, great blue 
n, etc. For 10 subscriptions, swan, 
pelican, eagle, wild turkey, etc. For 15 
subscriptions I will mount a deer head. 
Or any person sending me work to the 
amount of $10 or more I will give Rec- 
reation tor one year. Prices given on 
application and all work guaranteed. 
The subscriber must pay express both 
ways. Here is a chance for sportsmen 
to decorate their dens with trophies 
free of cost. 

A. W. Perrior, 316 E. Kennedy St., Syra- 
cuse, N. V. 



I like Recreation better than any simi- 
lar publication I have seen and wish you 
success with it. 

F. Sales, Bedford City, Va. 



RECREATIOX. 



XXXI 




Varicocele 
Hydrocele 



Cured to Stay Cured in 5 Days. 
No Gutting or Pain„ Guaranteed 
Cure or Money Refunded. 

\/M nMf% /l /*JT# KT Under my treatment this insidi- 
lr/lrB#t# €/€#*-*>•-» ous disease rapidly disappears. 
Pain ceases almost instantly. The stagnant blood is driven 
from the dilated veins and all soreness and swelling sub- 
sides. Every indication of Varicocele vanishes and in its 
stead conies the pleasure of perfect health. Many ailments 
are reflex, originating from other diseases. For instance, 
innumerable blood and nervous diseases result from poison- 
ous taints in the system. Varicocele and Hydrocele, if neg- 
H I TIlinTCHN M n lected will undermine physical strength, depress the mental 

xk. u..*— c« i ii » H*^ ' u r \i 1 i- faculties, derange the nervous system, and ultimately pro- 

The Mister Specialist of Chicago, who Cures Varicocele, duce complicated results. In treating diseases of men I 
Hydrocele, and treats patients personally. always cure the effect as well as the cause. I desire that 

Established 1880. every person afflicted with these or allied diseases write me 

( Coptbiohtxs ) so j can explain my method of cure, which is safe and per- 

manent. My consultation will cost you nothing, and my charges for a perfect cure will be reasonable and 
not more than you will be willing to pay for the benefits conferred. 

Ct*rtnint\f nf Curt* is wnat vou want. I give a legal guaranty to cure or refund your money. 
*"»' •*•■»» *Jr %M. «#*#» w3 what I have done for others I can do for you. I can cure you at home 

nnr*r»C*<znnnHctnr*f* G nn f Mentis* I - ° ne Personal visit at my office is preferred, but if 
%*Orret>pOnuence l*UnUUVnU*Mt. it is impossible for you to call, write me your con- 
dition fully, and you will receive in plain envelope a scientific and honest opinion of your case, Free of 
charge. My home treatment la successful. My books and lectures mailed free upon application. 

H. J. TILLOTSON, M. D.,140 Tillotson Bldg, 84 Dearborn St., CHICAGO 



A Fountain Pen 

has become a necessity with every busi- 
ness man. You can get a 

Laughlin 

Fountain 

Pen 

Made by the Laughlin Manufacturing Co. 
Detroit, Michigan 

For 2 Yearly Subscrip- 
tions to RECREATION 

And you can get these 2 subscriptions in 
20 minutes, any day. 

The Laughlin is one of the best pens in 
the market, and thousands of them are in 
daily use. 

There is no reason why you should be 
without one. 

Sample Copies of Recreation for 

Use in Canvassing- 
Furnished on Application 



I always enjoy Recreation and could not 
be without it. 

J. C. Howenstein, Ft. Wayne, Ind. 



Mother: Here, Bobby, you have forgot- 
ten to pack up your tooth brush. 

Bobby : But I thought I was going on a 
vacation. — Exchange. 



Recreation is the best and only periodical 
for hunters who prefer sport to butchery. 
Leo. I. Mulvery, Loyal, Wis. 



"I Grow Hair 



ff 



m^r^^ 


"V 


WruiM~* 


S3B 


lr"V?£ 


mM 


&3) 


a 3 



IN ONE 



NIGHT 



I send B trial package 
of my new and wonder- 
ful remedy free, by 
mail, to convince people 
it actually prows hair 
stops hair falling out 
removes dandruff and 
quickly restores luxuri- 
ant growth to shining 
scalps, eyebrows and 
eyelashes and restores 
the hair to its natural 
color. Semi your name 
and address to the Al- 
Thl» Jlu»ir ( <.ni|«mii<l i.rum lenheim Medical Dis- 

lUir Id a Mugle Mght pensary, 8t<6 Foso Rldp., 

Cincinnati, O., for a free trial pat kace, enclosing a 
•-Cent stamp to cover postage. Write today. 



xxxu 



RECREATION. 




ARNICA 

Tooth Soap 

the fntcrnationeJ "Dentifrice 



Beautifies the teeth, hard- 
ens the gums, sweetens the 
breath. Preserves as well 
as beautifies the teeth. 
Comes in neat, handy metal 
boxes. No powder to 
scatter, no liquid to 
spill or to stain gar- 
ments. 

25 Cents 
At all Druggists. 

C.H. STRONG* CO., Propri 
Chicago, U. S. A. 




prietors,] 



Free: — I will give anybody sending me 
i subscription or renewal, any one of the 
articles named below: 

Ideal Shell Closer, 10-12-16 gauge, sells 
for 50c. 

Ideal Shell Loader, 10-12-16 gauge, 
sells for 50c. 

Perfection Gun Oiler, can not spill 
when not in use, worth 50c. 

Web Shot Shell Belt, 10-12-16 gauge, 
sells for 75c. 
Henry B. Floyd, 723 Eighth St., N. W. 

Washington, 1). C. 

IX ANSWERING ADS PLEASE 
MEXTIOX RECREATION. 



Are You an Amateur 
Photographer ? 




If so, would you like a Camera that will photograph 

A whole range of mountains 

A whole sweep of river 

A whole army 

A whole fleet of ships 

A whole city 

Or any other vast stretch of scenery or moving 
objects? THE SWING LENS DOES IT\ 

73he AL VISTA 

Is the thing 

One of the greatest inventions of the age. 

/ ivtll give you a No. 5-B as a premium for 
12 subscriptions. For particulars address 

T% _ x- 23 West 24th St. 

KeCreatlOn, New York City 



Sent on Approval 

TO RESPONSIBLE PEOPLE 

Laughlin 

Fountain Pen 



Guaranteed Finest 

Grade 14k. 
SOLID GOLD PEN. 

To test the merits of 



RECREATION «I 



as an advertising medium 
we make this grand spe- 
cial offer, your choice of 




These 
Two 

Popular ' 
Styles 
For Only 



$1.00 









Postpaid 
to any 
Address 



I 



-i 



(By Registered mail 8 cents extra) 

Holder is made of finest 
quality hard rubber, in four 
simple parts, fitted with 
very highest grade, large 
size 14k, gold pen, any flex- 
ibility desired— in feeding 
device perfect. 

Either Style— RICHLY 
GOLD riOUNTED for pre- 
sentation purposes, $1.00 
extra. 

Grand Special 
Offer 

You may try the pen a 
week ; if you do not find it 
as represented, fully as 
fine a value as you can 
secure for three times the 
price in any other makes, 
if not satisfactory in every 
respect, return it and we 
will promptly refund your 
money. 

Illustration on left is full 
size of Ladies' style; on 
right, Gentlemen's style. 
Lay this RECREATION Down 
and Write NOW. 

Safety Pocket Pen Hold- 
er sent free of charge with 
each Pen. 

address ; 



Laugh I in Hfg. Co. 

424 Griswold St., DETROIT, MICH. 



RECREATION. 



XXXlll 



Alcohol, 
Opium, 
Tobacco 
|Using jf 



Produce each a disease 
having definite patholo- 
gy. The disease yields 
easily to the Treatment 
as administered at the 
following Keeley Insti- 
tutes : 



P. D. ARMOUR, 

Head of the great Armour Packing Company, Chicago, 111., 
(in a personal letter to Dr. Keeley) said : 

I have sent about two hundred of 
my employees, from butchers to fore- 
men, and all have been permanently 
cured. I do not think there is any 
one thing, or any one man, who 
ever did the good to humanity that 
you are doing with your cure. 

Details ot treatment and proofs of its success sent free on application. 



ALWAYS ADDRESS THE INSTITUTE NEAREST TO YOU. 
Birmingham, Ala. Crab Orchard, Ky. Fargo, N. D. Columbia, S. C. 

New Orleans, La., North Conway, N. H. Dallas, Tex., 

1628-38 Felicity St. White Plains, N. Y. Bellevue Place. 

Portland, Me. Columbus, 0. Richmond, Va. 

Lexington, Mass., Cor. 3rd and Seattle, Wash. 

Grand Rapids, Mich. Dennison Aves. Hunting-ton W Va 

St,L So& Mo *«♦ Inland, Ore. Waukefha, Wis. 

2803 Locust St. Harnsburg, Pa- Toronto Ont 

Boulder.Hot Springs. Philadelphia, Pa., Winmnpcr Man 

nn. i. W' Jtt ° nt ' «~ I 12 N W p r ° ad Bt XSdSS, In?. 
Omaha, Neb. Pittsburgh, Pa., Cape Town, S. A. 

724 S. 19th St 4246 Fifth Ave. p ' 

Buffalo, N. Y. Providence, R. I. 



Hot Springs, Ark. 
Los Angeles, Cal. 
oan Francisco, Cal., 
1170 Market St 
West Haven, Conn. 
Washington, D. C , 

211 N. Capitol St 
Augusta, Ga. 
Dwight, 111. 
Charlestown, Ind. 
Marion, Ind. 
Des Moines, la. 




Rer.T. Deffitt Tate's famous lecture, "Evils of Intemperance," mailed on a8plication.i-«Li. E . K S'LEv.M.D..LL.D 



In Recreation for November I read that 
the Winchester Repeating Arms Company 
is about to manufacture an automatic shot 
gun. The destruction of game due to the 
repeating arms of the above and other 
makes is an undisputed fact, and the pro- 
test of every true sportsman should be 
raised against the manufacture of a weapon 
which will aid market or pot hunters, better 
styled by Recreation game hogs, for such 
they are in their ruthless destruction. I, for 
one, protest, and I urge every true lover 
of the gun and rifle to use his influence to 
discourage the use and sale of automatic 
guns, save that they be used in the destruc- 
tion of men who disregard our game laws 
and kill for the mighty dollar everything 
that wears fur or feathers. 

I use a 12-gauge hammerless gun, and this 
is fast enough for me. I also use a Win- 
chester, 30-40-92 model rifle, but have rarely 
had to use it as a repeater. I have hunted 
through Maine. New Hampshire and New 
York, and I think my experience should 
count for something. If minute automatic 
guns are placed on the market the men 
using them should be considered as mis- 
creants, and not only they, but people who 
sell these guns should be prosecuted. 

I have been a reader of Recreation for 
years, and I commend your article to the 
sportsmen of the whole country for their 
support. 

Theodore H. Seavey, Aldan, Pa. 



WANT A REEL? 

You can get one for nothing. 

Or at least for a few hours' work. 

Send me 

J 5 Yearly Subscriptions 

RECREATION 

and I will send you 

A TALBOT REEL 

Listed at $20 

Hade by W. H. Talbot, Nevada, Ho 

This is one of the finest pieces of fishing 
tackle ever made. It is built like a gold 
watch. Equal to any Kentucky reel you 
ever saw. 

In Tournaments, Always a Victor 
Among: the Angler's Treasures, Always the Chief 

I have but a few of these reels in stock 
and this offer will be withdrawn as soon as 
the present supply is exhausted. 

Sample copies of Recreation for bm fa canvassing 
furnished on application. 



XXXIV 



RECREATION. 



D 




TUTTLE CO 




GASOLENE MOTORS AND LAUNCHES 

THE above is a cut of our 3 cylinder self starting and reversible jump spark motor. With 
the cylinders once charged with the explosive mixture, the motor may be left foi hours, after 
which it can be started, in either direction, by simply moving the lever attached to the com 
mutator at top of front cylinder in the direction desired. The motor always comes to rest with 
one piston at the bottom of its stroke, with the other two on opposite side of crankshaft, with 
fresh charge partly compressed. The firing of either of these charges will start the motor, the 
direction being under control of the operator. The moving of the lever in either direction brings 
the segment in face of commutator in contact with brush in eccentric arm so as to ignite either 
charge, independently of moving the balance wheel. This lever also controls the time of ignition, 
which can be increased or retarded at the operator's will, allowing the motor to be slowed down to 
ts minimum speed without use of throttles. 

The two cylinder motors with this attachment are also self starting and a crank is not neces- 
sary as both can be started when cold by simply priming with gasolene and rocking the balance 
wheel to mix up charge and then making connection by means of the lever. 
Motors from 1 '£ If- P. to 20 11. P., one, two, three and four cylinders. 



LAUNCHES 




Prom 15 to 50 ft., Open, Half and Full Cabin. Any model. Send for Illustrated Catalogue. 

D. HI. TUTTLE CO., 10 Main St., CANASTOTA, N. Y. 



RECREATION. 




Western Recreation launch 



zJ 



ABSOLUTE LAUNCH SATISFACTION 

Is contained in the "Western Recreation." It possesses those essential points. 
Grace, Beauty of Outline, Symmetry, Simplicity and Safety. Speed is there too it 
you want it. Most reasonable in first cost, most economical to maintain. 

THE BEST FINISHED, HANDSOMEST, MOST RELIABLE. 

We build them with either Torpedo or Semi-Elliptic Hulls, and incompleteness, it is 
the ideal and dependable craft for both pleasure and security. 

Thp Wp^fpm Marinp Fntfino Will please those who build their 
1I1C YTeaiem il drill t! Lllgllie own hulls Beautiful Art Catalog 

describing our Launches and Marine Engines sent upon receipt of 10c. Catalog L. 

WESTERN LAUNCH AND ENGINE WORKS, MISHAWAKA, IND. 



Recreation is the neatest and best thing 
published. It is genuine recreation to read 
it. A. A. Ong, Moulton, la. 



I would not be without Recreation - . 
Stay with the game hog, Coquina ; you're 
all right. 

T. J. Gardiner, Las Animas, Colo. 



MMMM) MiMda 




Any Power Installed 
Cabin Work a Specialty 
Quality Unexcelled 



T"E MATTHEWS) BOAT CO. 

BASCOM, OHIO, U. S. A. 



"Papa," said Tommy Treadway. 

"Now. Tommy," replied Mr. Treadway, 
"I shall only answer one more question 
to-day, so be careful what you ask." 

"Yes, papa." 

"Well, go on." 

"Why don't they bury the Dead sea?" — 
Answers. 



The # 'Perfect ,P Fishing 
& Hunting Motor Boat. 

Length, 17 ft Beam, 4 it Weight 360 

lbs. Speed 6 to 7 miles. Price $125 

The above eqatppad with The "ValYe1et»'» 

Gasoline Marine Motor, the most simple M'^- 

tor on the market. Small weight. Large 

pow er Pel feet control. Priee Motor Complete 

$7.",. 

F. W. SHERMAN, 16-1* Exchange Street, 

I! u flu lo, N. Y. 
Write for catalogue. Agents Wand d 





Folding Canvas Boats 

were not satisfactory until the 



was produced. It's a revelation 
in boat construction, nothing 
like it ever made. Nonsinkable. 
Cant tip over. Puncture Proof, 
wear longer than a wooden boat. 
No repairs. No cost for storage, 
always ready, folds into a small 
n-foot special neat package> carry by hand, 

used by the U. S. Navy. They are simple, wonderful. A thoroughly 
patented article. Beware of imitations. Made only by ourselves. A cat- 
alog of IOO engravings and 400 testimonials sent on receipt of 6 cents. 

Bottom Boards rest on the frame, not on the canvas, ribbed longitu- 
dinally and diagonally. They are stiffer and safer than a Wooden Boat 
because the lines are fuller, and are much easier to row or paddle. 

KING FOLDING CANVAS BOAT CO. 



Mention Recreation. 



KALAMAZOO, MICH., U. S. A. 



xxxvi RECREATION. 



TO 

AMATEUR 
PHOTOGRAPHERS 

Here is a Chance 
to Get a 

FINE CAMERA EASILY 



A 4x5 Weno Hawk-eye film camera listing at $8, for 5 
yearly subscriptions to Recreation. A No. 3 folding Weno 
Hawk-eye film camera, listed at $15, for 10 yearly subscrip- 
tions to Recreation. 

These are both neat, compact, well-made and handsomely 
finished cameras, capable of doing high-class work. 

Sample copies for use in canvassing 
furnished on request. 

Address RECREATION 

23 West 24th St. NEW YORK. 



RRCREAT10X. 



XXXV 11 




DRAWN BY ROY MASON. 



A Marble Safety Pocket Axe 

is the handiest tool a sportsman ever carried, and a life-saver and comfort-provider in 
the woods. Hunters, canoeists, yachtsmen, campers, fishermen, all need it and unite in 
praising its supreme utility. Has a guard which closes over the blade and allows it to slip 
into hip or breast pocket or hang safely at the belt. Made from the finest steel and 
superbly finished. No. i, 16-oz., $2.50. No. 2, 20-oz., $2.50. Cheaper grade with wooden 
handle $1.50. From sporting goods dealers or direct from us. 

A fine catalogue of sporting necessities free for the asking. Ask for catalogue A 

MARBLE SAFETY AXE CO., GLADSTONE, MICHIGAN, U. S. A. 



Recreation is steadily growing in favor 
in Toronto, and I have hopes of obtaining 
many subscribers. 

Geo. Lee, Toronto, Can. 



Recreation is the best sportsmen's mag- 
azine in the world. 

S. J. Engleson, Watson, Minn. 



"An ounce of tobacco, please." 
"Which sort?" 

"Doesn't matter; it's for a blind gentle- 
man." — The Sketch. 



Everyone is pleased with Recreation, 
and especially with your fight on the game 
and fish hogs. 

Robt. Searcy, Eufala, Ind. Ter. 



ACME FOLDING BOAT CO., MIAMISBCHU, O. 



jctended£3^ -S^^Sifi^^s! Send for catalogue of our full line of Folding 

Canvas Boats and Canoes, which have been 
adopted by Governments of United States, 
Canada and England. Just filled an order for 
U. S. Government who prefer our boats. Received medal and award at Chicago World's 
Fair. If you investigate we will get your order. Mention Recreation. 

Acme Folding Boa^t Company, Miamisbvirg, O. 

A SPORTSHAN'S BOAT 

Mullins' "Get There" Steel Duck Boat 




14 ft. long, 36-inch beam. PRICE. $20 Crated on cars Salem. 

Endorsed by Thousands of Sportsmen. Air Chamber each end. Always ready. Xo repairs 

Send for handsome free book. Mention Recreation. 

W. H. MULLINS, 228 Depot Street, Salem, Ohio 



tixvm RECREATION. 



ANOTHER GREAT OFFER 

TO AMATEUR 
PHOTOGRAPHERS 



A 4x5 SERIES 1 KORONA CAMERA 

LISTED AT $12.50, FOR 8 YEARLY SUBSCRIPTIONS TO RECREA TION; 

A 5x7 SERIES 1 KORONA CAMERA 

LISTED AT $18, FOR 12 YEARLY SUBSCRIPTIONS; 

A 4x5 SERIES 2 KORONA CAMERA 

LISTED AT $18.50, FOR 14 YEARLY SUBSCRIPTIONS; 

A 4x5 SERIES 3 KORONA CAMERA 

LISTED AT $21, FOR 18 YEARLY SUBSCRIPTIONS; 

A 4x5 SERIES 4 KORONA CAMERA 

LISTED AT $25, FOR 20 YEARLY SUBSCRIPTIONS; 

A 4x5 SERIES 5 KORONA CAMERA 

LISTED AT $36, FOR 30 YEARLY SUBSCRIPTIONS. 

SAMPLE COPIES, FOR USE IN CANVASSING, 
FURNISHED FREE 

ADDRESS 

RECREATION 

23 WEST 24TH STREET, NEW YORK CITY 



RECREATIOS. 



XXXIX 



Something Special — Playing Cards 
Free:— To each person sending me $i for 
one year's subscription to Recreation, or 
sending it direct to be placed to my credit, 
I will forward, all charges prepaid, a pack 
of elegant gold edge playing cards.. These 
are no cheap second quality cards but first 
quality, of extra selected stock, highly 
enameled and polished, fancy set pattern 
backs, each pack wrapped in handsome 
glazed wrapper and packed in strong tele- 
scope case. 

L. J. Tooley, 141 Burr Oak St., 
Kalamazoo, Mich. 






Visitor — You must have a remarkably 
efficient board of health in this town. 

Shrewd Native — You are right about 
that. 

"Composed of scientists, I presume?'' 

"No, sir. Scientists are too theoretical." 

"Physicians, perhaps?" 

"Not much. We don't allow doctors on 
our board of health ; nor undertakers, either." 

"Hum ! What sort of men have you 
chosen ?" 

"Life insurance agents." — New York 
Weekly. 






I am glad to see your magazine increas- 
ing in circulation. It is the only real 
sportsmen's magazine published. 

Percy McGhee, El Paso, Tex. 





Designed for use in any kind of a boat requiring from 1% H. P. 
to 20 II. P. Either single or double cylinder. Simple, mechanical, 
handsome, durable, positive, economical, and moderate priced. 
Our speed control, propeller equipment, and many other features 
should be investigated. OUR NEW PLANT is the largest 
in the world devoted exclusively to the manufacture of Maiine 
Gasoline Engines. We operate our own pattern, foundry, forge, 
and machine departments. We manufacture every part of our 
engines, from fly wheel to propeller. 

Every engine is connected to its propeller and given an actual 
water test before placed in purchaser's hands. 

SEND FOR ILLISTRATED CATALOG I E. ADDRESS DEPT. C 

Smalley Motor Co., Ltd., Bay City, Mlch.,U.S.A. 



HE LATEST, SAFEST 





Is what we offer you. A Boat built on modern lines that will 
prove a pleasure to own and use. Selected materials used through- 
out, and it comes to you jriiarnntecri the best. A handy and safe 
boat for fishing and shooting. Send 4 cents in stamps for catalogue 
and reliable testimony. 

Mention RECREATION. 

LIFE SAVING FOLDING CANVAS BOAT CO. 

KaJa.ma.zoo, MloK. 




Latest patent and improved Canvas Folding Boat on the market. 
Puncture proof; Tempered steel frame. I*io bolls to remove. 
Folds most compact of any boat made. 



xl 



RECREATIOX 




15 he 
'"Bristol" 

Calendar 

HTHIS illustration gives but a faint 
idea of our beautiful calendar, which 
is printed in ten colors, making it a 
handsome and striking design. Hang 
one in your office, den or home, and 
when you want a fishing rod be sure to 
get a " BRISTOL." Sold by all dealers. 
Calendar sent to any address on receipt 
of ten cents (stamps or silver) to cover 
cost of mailing provided you mention 
this magazine. 

Ask for Catalog "D," describing 25 
styles of " Bristol" Steel Fishing Rods 
— it is free. 

15he Horton Mfg. Co. 
'BrUlol. Conn., V. jr. A. 



~ Fay & Bowen ~ 

Motors and Launches 

Operated by Gasoline Vapor 

The Fay & Bowen Marine Motor is a revelation to those 
who have used others. Reliable, safe, durable and easy 
to operate. emarkable speed cont ol. Kest of al it 
starts when you start it. No handle or crank is used. 

Our patent igniter is 
absolutely unique and 
alway n tant and 
positive in action. It 
is really the only per- 
fect and satisfac- 
tory igniter. 
Motors complete 
from 1% to 25 ac- 
tual Horse Power 
ready for installa- 
tion. 




We also build a line of the finest launches afloat, com- 
plete and with our motor installed and all ready to run. 
either the usual round stern model or 
our flat stern torpedo model in lengths from 18 to 35 feet. 
1 furnish 1 on special order. 

For excellence of workmanship and beauty of finish and 
design our I, i Ask for description 

of our fast torpedo outfits. 

Send for Catalogue and tivt testimonials from satisfied 
customers. Our CUttcmeri are our beU advertisers. 

Fay & Bowen, 28 mil St., Auburn, N. V . 



Small Profits— Quick Sales 




for trial— send us 



1C,-, for an assorted sample doi. Ol Id I i-f-%/ A FIlOO 
3L- Regular price, 24 cents. yUdllly M IlltJb 

30c:;:j:;:,;;r;ir,*: 1< '''''' Quality B Flies 

60C S^^EVSt*"- Quality C Flies 

/{\*\ for an assorted do/en D^qq fllpo 
QUI Regular price 84 cents. . L>aao I IICO 



SPLIT BAMBOO RODS 



Fly Rods C7 ppritQ 1 '' : " t R ° dS 

IO feet, 6 ounces W# V* til I J 9 feet, 8 ounces 

Wiih cork grip and ■ *tra tip, in wood form 



THE H. H. KIFFE CO. 

523 Broadway, New York City 

Catalogs, of any of above pood*, free on application. 
Mention Rbckeation. 



RECREATION. 



xli 



Free: If you send your subscription to 
Recreation through me or direct to the 
office to be placed to my credit, I will send 
you, free of charge, any one of the articles 
mentioned below : 

Shot gun bench crimper, sells for 75 cents, 
in 10-12 16-20 gauge. 

Shot gun cleaning rod, three attachments, 
sells for 50 cents, in 10-12 16 gauge. 

Micrometer powder and shot measure, 
adjustable, and for both black and smoke- 
less powder, sells for 65 cents. 

U. S. Government rifle cleaner, any cali- 
ber, with attachments, sells for 60 cents, 
packed in neat canvas bag. 

A duck, snipe or turkey call, sells for 75 
cents each, best made. 

'A hand nainted sporting picture, suitable 
for framing, and just the thing for your den, 
worth $ioO. 

"Hunting in the Great West." by G. O. 
Shields. H. S. Hill, 815 nth Street, N. R, 
Washington, D. C. 



HAVE YOU A FRIEND 

ANYWHERE IN THE WOODS, 

IN THE MOUNTAINS 

OR ON THE FARM. 

WHO LONGS FOR SOMETHING TO READ 

IN THE LONG WINTER EVENINGS. OR IN 

THE LONG SUMMER DAY 

SEND HIM RECREATION. 

IT WILL PLEASE HIM A WHOLE YEAR 

AND HE WILL RISE UP AND CALL YOU 

BLESSED. 

AND IT ONLY COSTS YOU $1. 



Bridgeport, Conn. 
The Peters Cartridge Co., 
Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Dear Sirs : Your action with regard to 
Recreation would certainly convince the 
average reader that the criticism complained 
of must have hit hard ; in fact, was true. 

Harvey C. Went. 



Recreation has given me many pleasant 
hours. Its views and principles are in 
direct line with my ideas. Sportsmen the 
country over should be grateful for your 
earnest, fearless work to save the game. 
C. Tinker, Moniteau, Pa. 



*J 






As the 

Body is bent, so are 

PRESIDENT 

Suspenders 

inclined. 

Fit the wearers every movement. Metal 
trimmings cannot rust— no leather to soil 
the shirt. Satisfaction, a new pair or your 
money back. Price 50c and 81.00 at deal- 
ers or by mail. 

TOE C. A. EDCARTOX MFG. CO.,. 
Box 219, *hlrley, Mass. 





Famous Navajo Weavlngs 

eagerly sought by collector*, and 
bought at $50 to $230, are not 
equal in brilliance of coloring or 
harmony of design to our Indian 
Blankets. For decorating cosy 
corners they have historical in- 
terest and artistic value rivaling 
the famous rugs of Turkey ; most 
luxurious for slumber and couch 
robes, baby blankets, outing, 
travel and athletics. Price 
#5— remittance with order. 
Kxpress prepaid anywhere 
in U. S. Money refunded 
if unsatisfactory. Book K 
showing pattern* and 
colors, free. 

AMERICAN INDIA* 
BLANKET Jill I *. 
Jacksonville, III. 



MATTHEW I. FOX 



1 1 23 BROADWAY 

Madison Square and 25th Street 



TAILOR AND IMPORTER 

I refer by permission to the editor of Recreation 



xlii 



RECREATION. 



Webber's Hand-Knit Jackets 



Look for Webber's Name on Collar Band) 





WEBBER'S HUNTINQ JACKET 



WEBBER'S No. 4 

Webber's Hand-Knit Jacket No. 4. "A New One,'' made of Zephyr yarn, very 
soft and woolly, medium heavy w eight, very elastic. The Jacket for Spring and early Summer. 
This jacket is not made for shooting particularly but for all outdoor purposes. Order one 
and if not satisfied return it and get your money back. Pfice each, $6.50 

Webber's Hand-Knit Huntin? Jacket, Medium heavy weight, ...... each $4.00 

Webber'* Hand-Knit Alaska Jacket, made with strap across throat, lined pockets and extra heavy, each $5.00 



.. _ ....... ^ ..... Portland. Maine, Dec. 28, iooj. 

Mr. Geo. F. Webber. Detroit, Mich. 

Dear Sir: — Referring to the hunting Jackets purchased from you this Fall, we beg to say that the sportsmen are 
delighted with them. They certainly fill a long felt want. 

We expect to have a still larger sale on them next season than we did this year. 

Yours truly, T. B. DAVIS ARMS CO. 



Portland, Oregon, Dec. 16, 1001. 
Mr. (;eo. F. Webber, Detroit, Mich. 1*1 *"•> 

Dear Sir:— We have just wired you to duplicate our order for 9 dozen shooting jackets and concerning this, 
would say we wish them made in the same colors and sizes as our order No. 4201. We have found these jackets to be 
most excellent sellers and in fact they are the best of the kind we have ever sold. They are practically indispensable 
for a trap shooter and are also used exclusively by local duckshootcrs here as a warm garment worn under the ordinary 
hunting coat. They not only arford protection from the cold but the pockets are a great feature as the shooter always 
has sufficient quantity of shells at his command. Yours truly. 

HONEYMAN HARDWARE CO., per A. J. Winters. 



If your dealer does not handle them send me the price and I will send you a jacket, 
express prepaid, and if not satisfactory, return the jacket and I will return your money. 



GEO. F. WEBBER 



MANUFACTURER 
Station A 



DETROIT, MICH. 



PATENTS 



promptly obtained OR NO FEE. Trade-Marks, 
Caveats, Copyrights and Labels registered. 
TWENTY YEARS' PRACTICE. Highest references. 
Send model, sketch or photo, for frM report 
on patentability. All business confidential. 
HAND-BOOK FREE. Explains everything. Tells 
How to Obtain and Bell Patents, What Inventions 
Will Pay. How lo Get a Partner, explains best 
m'-rh.-inieal movements, and contains 300 other 
subjects of importance to inventors. Address, 

H. B. WILLSON & CO. aSS}. 

786 F Street, N . W. , WASHINGTON, D. C. 



The Harrington & Richardson single gun 
received. It is a fine specimen, and I feel 
almost guilty in accepting it from one who 
devotes so much time and energy to pro- 
tecting our game. If we had- had a few 
Shields years ago buffalo would still roam 
our Western plains. 

J. D. Snyder, Lowell, Ohio. 



1 have been reading Recreation but 8 
months, nevertheless I have become more 
firmly attached to it than I have to any 
other publication. 

B. C Bradley, Northville, Mich. 

IF YOU WOULD LIVE NEXT TO 
NATURE READ RECREATION. 



RECREATION, 



xliii 



When You Get Up In the Night 

The Ever Ready Pocket Flash Light 




will enable you to 
find the match box 
without breaking your 
neck. 

A luxury to every 
one who camps out, 
or who lives in the 



Mo Wires No Chemicals No Oil, Smoke nor Odor No Danger country. 

Price complete, $3. Extra battery (No. 10), 30 cents. 



The Ever Ready House Lamp 

Is a luxury for man, woman or child. 
It obviates all hunting for matches in the 
dark. It saves you from falling over the fur- 
niture when searching for the water pitcher 
the other door, or whatever you may seek. 

Price complete, #3. 
Extra battery (No. 610) 30 cents. Extra bulb, 50c. 




Fine Lens, Highly Polished 

Reflector, Finely Finished 

Nickel Trimmings. 



The Ever Ready Ruby Electric Lamp 

will save the eyes, the patience and the con- 
science of the amateur photographer who may 
be fortunate enough to own one. 

It is provided with patent catch, so that 
ruby glass slide can be raised and a strong 
white light can be had. 

One dry battery will last 3 months and costs only 30 cents. 
Price of lamp complete, with one battery $2.50. 




Remit by P; O. or 
Express Money Order. 

23 West 24th Street, 



B. L. SCOTT 

NEW YORK 



I refer, by permission, to the Editor of RECREATIOK. 



xliv 



RECREATION. 



Date, 



190 



G. O. SHIELDS, 

Editor and Manager of RECREATION, 23 West 24th St. New York. 
Herewith find $1.00 for which please send me RECREATION one year 

beginning with number, 

Name, 



Remit by P. 0. or Express Money Order, or New York Draft. 

DETACH THIS, FILL OUT, AND SEND IN 



AMAICA 



An ideal spot in which to spend a winter's vacation 
and avoid all the extremes of the northern climate. 



LAND OF THE NEVER-ENDING JUNE 
5 days from Boston, 4 days from Philadelphia by the 

UNITED FRUIT CO.'S STEAMSHIP LINES 

Sailing weekly b N and PHILADEL I'll 1 A 

JAMAICA, the magnificent twin screw \ 5 

Admiral Dewey Admiral Sampson 

Admiral Schley Admiral Farragnt 

Fnre i-r round trip, including stateroom accommodate 
meals, $;;; om- way $40. Send fcr our beautiful 

''.ate the trip or not. 

Division Passene^r Agent: 
UNITED FRUIT COMPANY, Pier 5, North 
Wharves. Phila. Long Wharf. Boston 

Raym k and Sons 

and Leading Ticket Ottices. 




I saw Recreation at every place I went 
in the East It is the only true sports- 
man's magazine published. 

\Y. H. Lumley. Cheyenne. Wyo. 



I have been a constant reader of your 
estimable magazine for the past 2 years 
and enclose $1 for a new subscription. 
Karl Grienauer. New York City. 



APPLICATION FOR MEMBERSHIP IN THE LAS. 

ARTHUR P. RICE, Secretary L.A.S., 23 W. 24th St., New York. 

Dear Sir: Enclosed $1 for membership fee for one year. 

I certify that I am eligible to membership in the L. A. S. under the 
provisions of the constitution, and refer to 2 League members (or to 3 
other reputable citizens) named hereon. 



Name 



Street or P.O. Box 



City mr Town. 



en 



Detach this, fill out and send In. 



RECREATION. 



xlv 




Increase Your Income. 

Learn profitable poultry railing. Our success in tea. h- 
ing it has been phenomenal. Seven distinct courses 
by the personal correspondence method. The faculty 
are practical poultrymen and experienced t> a 
All students who have studied with as have made 
money. This fascinating business, still in its infancy, 
offeis tremendous opportunities for all who begin 
NOW. Write tc»-day for illustrated booklet fully 

describing our various courses of instruction. 

COM MRU SCHOOL OK POll.TRY Ct'LTPBl, Box 010, Waler»llle, N.T. 



"Pigeons and All About Them" 

F. If. GILBERT'S latest work. 264 paces, illustrated— 
strictly up-to-date. The only complete Pigeon Hook pub- 
lished in the last twenty years. Cuts of ail the best-known 
varieties. Standards of all varieties. Tells how to build 
loft, buy, mate, breed, feed, how to ship to customers, how 
to prepare for shows and ship to shows, how to prevent and 
cure disease, tells which are the best breeders and feeders, 
tells best varieties to bleed in a city and which in small 
towns, tells how to mate for color — in fact, it tells just what 
it has taken the author forty-five years to learn by actual ex- 
perience. Endorsed by all the leading fanciers in America. 
Hundreds of letters praise it. Fourth edition now out. To 
get it promptly send one dollar to Frank 31. < «ill»«-i 1. 
Evansville. Intl. 

FOR SALE 

LIVE jack rabbits, prairie dogs, squirrels, deer, 
mandarin, wood and other wild ducks, geese, 
fcwan, and other game birds and animals. 

CHAS. PAYNE, Wichita, Kansas. 

MEXICAN OPAL AND SOMBRERO 
FREE WITH EACH SUBSCRIP- 
TION TO RECREATION. 
To anyone subscribing to Recreation 
through me, I will send free a beautiful 
genuine Mexican Opal as large as a pea. 
together with a miniature Mexican Som- 
brero, made of silver and horsehair beau- 
tifully dyed. Arthur Thomson, Box 332. 
San Antonio, Texas. 



DOYOUWHNTHLENS? 

If so, why not get a good one? 
And why not get it free of charge? 
This is easy. 

Any old box will answer the purpose if it 
does not leak light; but you must have a 
fine lens to make a fine picture. 

You can get 

A Royal Anastigmat 
Lens, 4x5, Series No. 1, 



Made by the Rochester Lens Co., Roches- 
ter, New York, 



And listed at $45, 
For 20 yearly subscrip- 
tions to RECREATION. 

You can get any other lens made by this 
Company on a basis of one subscription 
to $2. of the list price of the lens. 

Sample copies of Recrkation for use in 
soliciting furnished on application. 



SPOR T S MEN 

Learn to Mount Birds. Animals, 
Heads, Antlers, Tan Fnrs, Etc. 

W< teat fa t' ul of TAXIDERMY 
li> mail. The pJMM 
MUM i* opi-n n ml you \> ill 
«.«•< hit MMM lino trophic-, 
r home 
or office. Why riot 

BE YOUR OWN TAXIDERMIST? 

We teach the art easily and quickly 

to any one by Standard Methods. 

Expert instructors ; reasonable 

I d by all leading 

sporting journals, and recommend- 

edby the most eminent taxidermists. Our interesting 

catalog tells all about it, and it's yours for the asking. 

Write for one to-day. 

The Northwestern School of Taxidermy, Inc- 

4.11a Bee Building OMAHA, NEB 




BUFFALO SKULLS 

AND 

Buffalo Horn Novelties 

Send for Illustrated Catalogue. Mention Recreation 

E. W. STILES 



141 Washington St. 



Hartford, Conn. 



S<lMCt& goTtk /Aflfi* 

Squabs are raised in i month, bring big 
prices. Eager market. Astonishing 
profits, h^isy for women and invalids. 
Use your spare time profitably. Small 
space and capital. Here is something 
worth looking into. Facts given in our 
FREE BOOK, " How to make money 
with Squabs" PLYMOUTH ROCK 
SQUAB CO., 11 Friend St., Boston, Mass. 




Taxidermists' 

Materials 



Glevss Eyes for 
Stviffed Birds 
and Animals 



Oologists' a^rvd 

Entomologists' 

Supplies 

Send 5c. in stamps for catalogue 

FRED. KAEMPFER, 8 » c g™ J ,f I . T - 

Taxidermy work done in all its branches 

Mention Recreati 



INDIAN 

CURIOS 



%+im Jg3B^ A"hhi.ks.u.k .t Retail 

M/r^^^ OUMO PKALKKS* 

Ml'I'LY DVOT. 

Bead Work, Baskets. Elk Teeth, Mexican 
Goods, Beads, Fossils, Mil erals. Arrow- 
Heads, Tottery, Alaska Ivories, Shells, 
Agates, Photos, Great stock, Hi rata. 5c, 
l>s. Mention Rkcrkation. It a dealer 
ay bo. L w ST1LWELL, 

Deadwood . . So. Dakota 





J. BLAKE 

Buyer and Exporter of 

WAW FURS 

i WEST THIRD ST. 

NEW YORK 



Write [or price list 



MNE MOUNTED GAME HEADS. 

BIRDS, ETC.. f<>r sale at unheard-of prices. 

Send 10 cents for photos. 
JOHN CLAYTON, Taxidermist, Lincoln, Main* 



xlvi 



RECREATIO.X. 



KEEP YOUR FEET 

Dry and Warm 

any doctor will tell you so. 



Thompson 
Quimby 
Hunting 
Boots 



Get a Pair Now 

They will last years and are the 
cheapest in the end. I refer by per- 
mission to the Editor of Recreation. 
Measurement blanks and prices on re- 
quest. Mention Rlcreation. 

T. H. GUTHRIE 

33 William St. NEWARK. N. J. 

The Harrington & Richardson automa- 
tic revolver given me as a premium arrived 
safe. Am much pleased with it. It ap- 
pears as good as guns costing $9 to $12. 
I. L. Rich, Tioga, Pa. 




The longer I take Recreation the better 
I like it. 

E. Y. Buzzard, Newberry, Pa. 



How is your Muscle? 

Would you like to build it up ? 

How are your Lungs? 

Would > ou like to expand them ? 

How is your Circulation ? 

Would you like to improve that ? 

If so, send me <► yearly subscription* 

to RECREATION, accompanied by a money 
order for $6, and I will send you a new 

PROFESSIONAL 
PUNCHING BAG 

made by H. D. CRIPPEN, No. 52 Broadway, 
New York and listed at $6.95. 



There is a frame with the bajj that you can attach to 
a door casing, a window casing or a wall, or a board 
fence, or anywhere else you may see tit to put it, and 
you will thus have a small gymnasium of your own. 
The Crippen bag is one of the liveliest ever devised, 
ami if you wiU put 20 minutes a day on it, for a month, 
you will find a wonderful improvement in your muscle 
and your health. 

Sample copies of Reckeation, for use in canvassing, 
will be mailed free. 



My husband is perfectly delighted with 
Recreation, and so am I. 

Mrs. A. G. Jones, Kansas City, Kan. 



Recreation was good enough, but it gets 
better every issue. 

W. II. Lumley, Cheyenne, Wyo. 



BRADLEY'S ANTI-RUST ROI»ES! 




o 




For SHOT GUNS. RIFLES and REVOLVERS. They cannot 
rust or pit it these ropes are used. No more worrying to keep your 
fire arms in perfect condition. Sent postpaid. Si per pet t->r Shot 
Guns; 50c. for Rifles; »5C. for Revolvers. Give gauge and length of 
barrel. Send for circular giving full particular*. 

BRADLEY'S SHOT GUN SIGHT 

Makes wing shooting easy and certain. Scores ereatly increased 
at trap and in field. Instantly attachable and detachable. Price, 
post-paid, 50 cents. Send for circular. 

Address C L. BRADLEY, Ciarksville, Tennessee. 
Mention Recbeatiom. 



THE HALCOLH RIFLE TELESCOPE 





Modern Hunting; and Target Scopes from 3-power 
up. With our improved mountings the Scope lies close to the barrel. Our 
'•Rou^h Rider" of 3-power is an ideal hunting glass. Our "Bulls Eye" at 5 to 
8-power is perfection itself for both hunting and target purposes. 

SEND FOR tgoj CATALOGUE 
Mention Kxckeai ioh. 

THE MALCOLM RIFLE TELESCOPE MFC CO. 

F. T. CORNISH, Mgr. 
Established 1*57 SYRACUSE, N. Y., U. S. A 



RECREATION. 



xlvii 



"Collan-Oil" 

preserves leather and 
renders shoes and 
harness positively 

WcATERPROOF 

Used by the U. S 

the Army and Navy 

and National Guard. 

Send 25c. for 'rial can. 

AGENTS WANTED 

Write for terms and circulars 

J. R. BUCKELEW 
Dept. A. j JJ Chambers St., N. Y. 



Waferproof 

LEATHER 

DRFSSING 

• AS" 

RUST 

PREVENTER 



Practical Common Sense 
in 6 Sizes. 




CAMP 
STOVE 



Either with or 
without oven. The 
lightest, strongest, 
most compact, prac- 
tical Btcve made. 
Cast combination 
sheet s tee 1 top, 
smooth outside, 
heavy lining in fire 
box and around oven, holds its Bhape, telescopic pipe 
carried inside the stove. Burns larper wood and keeps 
fire longer than any other. Used by over 9,000 campers 
and only one stove returned . 

For catalogue giving lull particulars, mention Rkc 
rbation and address, 

D. W. CREE, Manufacturer, Griggsville, III. 



KOENIG'S SHELL EXTRACTOR. 

Every shooter should 

have one — carry it in a 

vest pocket. Fits any 

gauge shell. Koenig's 

10 Cts. Postpaid. Gun Catalogue, Free. 

E.G.Koenig, New Jersey's LargestGun House 

south broad st., newark, n. j. 





B. Bernard 

Buyer of Raw Furs and 
Ginseng Root. 

150 BleeckerSt.. New York. 

Quotations sent on request. 

"Yes," said the dentist, "to insure pain- 
less extraction you'll have to take gas, and 
that's fifty cents extra." 

"Oh!" said the farmer. "I guess the old 
way'll be best ; never mind no gas." 

"You're a brave man." 

"Oh! it ain't me that's got the tooth; it's 
my wife." — Philadelphia Ledger. 



All your subscribers here agree that 
Recreation is the best sportsmen's journal 
they ever read. 

John J. Weaver, Hampshire, 111. 



The Elita single barrel gun arrived in 
good condition. I was surprised to find it 
so much better than I had expected. 

C. M. Ambrose, Summerville, Mass. 



NEWHOUSE 
STEELTRAPS 

Made since 1848 by ONEIDA COMMUNITY 




S. NEWHOUSE 

(The Old Trapper and Trapmaker) 

Fifty years ago this famous old Trapmaker of 
the Oneida Community would not let a trap 
leave his hand till he KNEW that it would hold 
any animal that got into its jaws — even greater 
pains are taken now than then in selecting the 
finest steel and rigidly testing every part. 

This is why all experienced Trappers insist 
on having the 



a 



NEWHOUSE 



n 



ELEVEN SIZES. EVERY TRAP GUARANTEED 

Illustrated Catalogue Mailed 




In addition to regular staea are make Special Traps for 
every recognized need l'his cut ahowa OUT N<>. 11 Web 
J.iw NEWHOUSE which makes It impossible for audi 
animals ;is skunks to escape by gnawing oti a leg. A»k 
lor special circular. 

ONEIDA COMMUNITY 



ONEIDA 



NEW YORK 



Send twenty-five cents for "The Trapper's Guide, " telling 
about the habits of wild animals and how to trap them 



xlviii RECREATION. 



SLEEP 

IS TIRED NATURE'S 
SWEET RESTORER 

After a hard day's tramp, you must have 

A Good Night's Rest 

in order to fit you for the next day's work. Better to sleep 
on a good beJ without your dinner, th n sip at a banquet and 
then sleep on the cold, hard, wet ground. You can get 

A Recreation 
Camp Mattress 

of rubber with valve for inflating, made by the Pneumatic Mattress 
Co., and listed at $18. 

For 10 Yearly Subscriptions to 
RECREATION 



Send for Sample Copies 
Address RECREATION, 23 West 24th Street, New York 



RECREATION. 



XI IX 




Discriminating sportsmen are enthusiastic over 
the many novel features of the SAVAGE 2 2 
CALIBER. REPEATER.. It is 

hammerless, shoots the short, long and long 
rifle cartridges all in the same arm, and its 
accuracy alone has placed it in a class by itself. 

WRITE TO-DAY FOR CATALOGUE G — FREE 

Ovir 1904 Calendar sent on receipt of ten cents ir\ stamps 

SAVAGE ARMS COMPANY 

UT1CA, NEW YORK. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 

BAKER & HAMILTON, San Francisco and Sacramento, Cal., PACIFIC COAST AGENTS 



I have been a regular subscriber to Rec- 
reation for 2 years and think it the best 
sportsmen's magazine published. 

R. W. Hennessy, Burnt Ranch, Cal. 



Recreation is the best sportsmen's peri- 
odical published. I wish you success in 
your war against game hogs. 

Harry Atkinson, Fordyce, Ark. 



Recreation leads 'all the sportsmen's 
publications. 

S. \V. Weedc, Flatwillow, Mont. 



Byer : The boys of Captain Lushman's 
company want to present him with some lit- 
tle testimonial. 

Cutler: How about a nice pocketknife? 
Here's a beauty, with four blades and a 
corkscrew. 

''Haven't you got any with one blade and 
four corkscrews?" — Philadelphia Ledger. 



"If our combination is illegal," said the 
capitalist, "1 suppose we will have to change 
it." 

"Wouldn't it be easier to change the law?" 
asked his associate. — Chicago Evening Post. 



POWDER! POWDER! 

All kinds of powder for Rifles, 

Pistols and Shot Guns, 
measured accurately from 

i to 145 grains. 4 different measures 
in 1. The latest and best tool. Ask 
your dealer for it. 

Every shooter should have 1. Send 3 
stamps for Ideal Hand Book, 146 pages 
of information to shooters. 

IDEAL MFG. CO., 1 2 U St., New Haven, Conn., U. S. L 

The PHIL B. BEKEART CO., of San Francisco, Cal., Agents for Pacific Coast 
When you write kindly mention Recreation 




RECREATION 



HERE IS MOTHER ! 

If you will send me 

30 Yearly Subscriptions 

to 

RECREATION 

I will send you 

A No. 10 Goerz Trieder- 
Binocular Field Glass 

Listed at $3S. 



Every well-informed man knows the great power of this 
modern prismatic rield glass. It is indispensable to every 
hunter, and is one of the latest and best on the market. 

I have but a few of these instruments on hand and the 
offer will be withdrawn as soon as the supply is exhausted. 
Therefore, if you want one 

START inriEDIATELY 



Sample copies of RECREATION for use in canvassing furnished 

on application 



RECREATION. 



li 







Art Catalog 




CONTAINS 






Photographs and Descriptions 
Sixteen Gvins 

ABOVB, CUTS SHOW 

No. 3, List Price, $80.00 
No. 2, List Price, 60.00 



WRITE FOR SPECIAL PRICES 
MENTION R ECR EA TION 

Ithaca Gun Company 

ITHACA. J* E W $ O *R K. 



lii 



RECREATION. 



WINTER IS HERE 

GET A PAIR OF SKATES 

For yourself, your best girl or your brother, or for some other 
girl's brother, or for any one you love, and who is fond of skating 




LADIES' LOCK LEVER 

GRADE 3 



For 5 Yearly Subscriptions to RECREATION 

I WILL SEND YOU 

A Pair of Lock Lever Skates 



OR 



A Pair of Ladies' Lock Lever Skates 

Grade 3, made by Barney & Berry, Springfield, Mass. 

LOCK LEVER 




As every skater knows, these are the best skates made in the world. 
The winter season is here, and you could scarcely select a more appro- 
priate present 

FOR A MAN, OR A WOMAN, A BOY OR A GIRL 

than a pair of these high. grade skates- Only a limited stock on hand, and 
when these are gone this offer will be withdrawn. 

Sample copies of RECREATION for use in canvassing: furnished 
on application. 



RECREATION. 



liii 



ONE 0F THE 9 

SYRACUSE 

Built for Business. 



a 



)* 




COPYRIGHTED 1903 SYRACUSE ARMS CO. 

This picture shows the result of a 

SINGLE SHOT from a SYRACUSE 



16 GAUGE 



THREES OF THIS KIND ARE HARD TO BEAT 



Write for a 
Syracuse 

CAT. 



SYRACUSE 
ARMS CO. 

SYRACUSE. N. Y. 



Mention Recreation. 



liv 



RECREATION. 



No better 



POWDER 

in the world for winter shooting 



than 



WALSRODE 

Not affected by any Climate. 
If yon can not get shells in your 
neighborhood, write to us. 

SCHOVERLING, DALY & GALES 

302-304 Broadway, New York 



Send 5 cents for Specialty Catalogue 



Mention Recreation 



AN IMPORTANT OFFER 

For 2 Yearly Subscriptions to RECREATION 

I will send you 

A RIFLE WICK PLUG 

Made by Hemm & Woodward, Sidney, Ohio, 3» caliber 
up to 50 caliber. 

OR 

A SHOT GUN WICK PLUG 

20 gauge up to 10 gauge 

For 3 Yearly Subscriptions to RECREATION 

A Pair of Shot Gun Wick Plugs 

20 to 10 gauge. 
Sample copies for use in canvassing furnished on 
application. 

Address RECREATION, 23W. 24th St., N .Y. City 



HAVE YOU A FRIEND 
ANYWHERE IX THE WOODS, 

IN THE MOUNTAINS 

OR ON THE FARM, 

WHO LONGS FOR SOMETHING TO READ 

IN THE LONG WINTER EVENINGS, OR IN 

THE LONG SUMMER DAYS? 

SEND HIM RECREATION. 

IT WILL PLEASE HIM A WHOLE YEAR 

AND HE WILL RISE UP AND GALL YOU 

BLESSED. 

AND IT ONLY COSTS YOU $1. 



T have been reading Recreation for some 
time, and think it is the book of all books. 
G. H. Harvey, E. Liverpool, O. 



Recreation is O. K. and a good thing, 
so push it along. 

John R. Burton, Merrill, la. 



We make a specialty of Featherweights 

and Trap Guns with our new 

SINGLE TRIGGER 




stamp 
Catalog 
Mention Recreation 

D. M. LEFEVER SONS & CO., 

Manufacturers of the "HEW LEFEVER" 
Not connected with Lefever Arms Co. SYRACUSE, N. T, 



Guaranteed 
Perfect 

Our Hew 
Perfect 
Gun Cleaner 
By Mail, 
30 Cents 



RECREATION, 



lv 



fH. & R. SINGLE SHOT GUN 
^/Iutomatic and fl on- Ejecting 
p 
A 



The cheapest absolutely safe gun, with improve- 
ments found heretofore only in the highest priced. 



PERFECT IN MODEL 
AND CONSTRUCTION 



SIMPLEST m TAKE 
DOWN "GUN MADE 



£ 




12, 16 and 20 gauge; barrels 28, 30 and 32 
Inch, plain steel and twist. Top snap ; center ham- 
mer ; rebounding lock. 

Your dealer can supply, or we will 
» sell to you direct. Write for Catalog. 

HARRINGTON S RICHARDSON ARMS CO. 

Dept. R, WORCESTER, MASS. 
MaKer* of H. tSL *R. *Rex)ol>ders 



I don't think a more interesting epitome 
of true sportsmen's practices could be put 
in space than is contained in January Rec- 
reation. 

Wm. C. Koonse, Columbia, Ala. 



Recreation comes regularly and is the 
it is the best magazine published. Could 
not get along without it. 

Will Small, S. Coventry, Conn. 



Knicker: Do you believe in a college edu- 
cation ? 

Bocker : Yes: it teaches a boy's father 
how to take care of his money. — Life. 



I have read Recreation the past 2 years, 
and am satisfied that it has had a great 
deal to do with making my doctor's bill 
light. 

T. L. Chapman, Jr., Hoboken, N. J. 



THE 



PARKER 

AUTOMATIC 
EJECTOR 




The Latest attachment to 

The "OLD 
RELIABLE" 



Re w York Salesroom, Send for Catalogue. PARKER BROS., 
32 WARREN ST. Mention Rkckkati Merlden, Conn. 




lvi 



RECREATION. 



A Valuable Present 

FOR YOUR WIFE 
YOUR riOTHER 
YOUR SISTER 
OR YOUR BEST GIRL 

For 25 Yearly Subscriptions to RECREATION 

I will send you a set of 

DISH AND 12 TOMATO PLATES 



1 



made by HIGGINS & SEITER, 50 W. 22d St., N. Y. 
LISTED AT - - $19.50 

AND 

For 20 Yearly Subscriptions to RECREATION 

I will send you a set of 

12 Watermelon Plates 

Listed at - - $16.50 

[See Illustration] 




TpHESE are fine, thin, white 
china plates, beautifully hand 
painted, with pictures of tomatoes 
and tomato vines, or watermelons 
and watermelon vines, in natural 
colors, and each set of plates is 
enclosed in a case made in an 
exact imitation of a large tomato 
or a watermelon. 

No more beautiful or appro- 
priate present could possibly be 
found for a lady than one of these sets. 

You can earn one of them in a few hours, and at the 
same time earn the everlasting gratitude of the lady to whom 
you may give it. 

Send for package of sample copies for use in canvassing. 



RECREATION. 



lvii 




Six Books {or the Sick 

What I Learned Alter 30 Years 



Whfrfi Book i on Dyspepsia. 

iT if ,look 2 oa tl,c Hcart - 

shall Book 3 on the Kidneys. 

Book 4 fur Women. 
, ^ Book 5 for Men (sealed), 

sendr Book 6 on Rheumatism. 

No money is wanted. 

Simply select the book you need. 

It is my experience as a specialist of 30 years. In the 
book I tell how at last I found a way to reach difficult, 
deep-seated diseases. Thirty years of earnest, ardent 
toil in hospitals arid at bedsides, made it possible for me 
to write these books. 

The book tells how I perfected my prescription — Dr. 
Shoop's Restorative. How by scientific experiments I 
traced out the causes that bring on chronic diseases. 

I found invariably that where there was a weakness, 
the insiue nerves were weak. 

Where there was a lack of vitality, that the vital 
nerves lacked power. 

Where weak organs were found, I always found weak 
nerves. 

Not the nerves commonly thought of, but the vital 
organs' nerves. The inside — the invisible nerves. 

This was a revelation. 

Then my real success began. 

Then I combined ingredients that would strengthen — 
that would vitalize these nerves. 

That prescription I called a restorative. It is known 
the world over now as Dr. Shoop's Restorative. After 
that I did not fail to cure one in each hundred. In the 
extremely difficult cases, my failuies for five ) cars were 
only one in each forty treated. I found cancer incurable. 
Cancer is for surgery, not medicine.. 

Then how to get this prescription to the sick ones 
everywhere, was my thought. 

I must announce it in the public press. But, thought 
I, will they realize the real truth of my discovery — the 
real power of Dr. Shoop's Restorative? Then a way 
came to me — like an inspiration 

" I will offer it to the sick on tfial," said I. "Then 
they will know I am sincere." 

I wrote a reliable druggist in each city and village in 
America. 

1 got their agreement to co-operate with me. 



Now by any sick one 

Dr. Shoop's Restorative 

Can be taken at my risk. 



For a full month I will let you use it entirely at my 
risk Send no money Just wnu- me fi>r the book you 
need. When I send it I will tell you <>!' .1 druggist near 
you who will permit the month's trial 1 .ike the Restor- 
ative a month. Then decide. If you say to the dm., 
" It did not help me," that will relieve you ol an) ex- 
pense whatever. He will bill tile COS1 !■' DM 

This is my way "t > tearing your mind ol ill doubt as 
towh.it Dr Slumps Restorative can do No matter how 
prejudiced you can not dispute this absolute tecurit) I 
offer. You I .111 not resist .in offer like this it \ on are at 
all sick. If you have .1 weakness, write 'lie If you 
can't do things like you used to do them, tell me about 
it. Write in confidence At a physician I will tell you 

a w ,i\ to help. 

Get my nook now — to-d 

Addii-ss Dr Shoop, Box 5214, R.u ine, Wis. 

Mild cases not chronic, are often cured by one or two 
bottles. At druggists. 



lviii 



RECREATION. 



Left From Our FIRE SALE. A few /M IIUC 

High Grade Hammerless ^*"NIO 

Scott, Greener 

LANG and others 

12, 16 and 20 Bores. Trap and some very light weights. 26, 28 and 30 inch 

which we are closing' out at Greatly Reduced Prices— BARGAINS. 

^^"Descriptive List with full description mailed on receipt of 2 stamps. 



Also Bl lot of AMERICAN HAMMERLESS DOUBLE 
GUNS, pistol stock, through cross bolt, all improvements 
twist barrels, 28 a.r\d 30 inch, 12 bore, closing ovit a.t 



These are entirely new, and bargains. 



t^^Send 2 stamps for full list. 



$19.50 each 



Mention RECREATION 



.*£ Special Swedish Leather Jackets ; n „- 



demand at 



s season 



REDUCED PRICES IN A 



; Double Breech Loading Hammer Guns $ 8, $ 10, $ 12j 

WM. READ & SONS, 107 Washington Street, Boston 



ESTABLISHED 1826 



Send 2 Stamps for Lists 



Your Job Printing Free: For 1 yearly 
subscription to Recreation I will give you 
free either 100 envelopes with your return 
card printed thereon, or 100 visiting cards. 
Send stimp for samples. Henry j. King, 
Fultonville, N. Y. 

Wanted: Recreation magazines from 
first publication up to December, 1899. Write 
what you have, also price. W. O. Hall, 
L. B. 11, Kittery Point, Me. 

For Sale: A 5x7 Bausch & Lomb Plas- 
tigmat Lens. In perfect condition; used 
only a few weeks. Cost $45. Will sell fof 
$20. Address S. G.,care Recreation. 



For Sale : — Ithaca hammerless shotgun, 
12 gauge, No. 2 quality, almost new. Price 
$35. A. W. Houghton, Marion, O. 



Composer — Yes, my opera will be sung 
when the works of Handel, Mozart, Bee- 
thoven, and Wagner are forgotten. 

She — Yes. but not until then. — Indian- 
apolis Journal. 



Enclosed you will find $i for which please 
send me Recreation for another year. It 
is something I can not do without. Long 
may it live to down the game hogs. 

W. J. Blackwell, Ruffin, N. C. 



Recreation is certainly the best maga- 
zine of its kind printed. I like the way 
you give it to the game and fish hogs. 

F. B. Garnsey, Grindstone, N. Y. 



DAVENPORT^> 

1904 MOVELS. 



Z5he 'Productions of 
o>VerJ>0 yEA.HJr of 

Practical Experience. 





Mention 
Ricrkatioit 



The W. H. Davenport Fire Arms Co., Norwich, Ct 



There is no "^ 

Prohibitive Grade 

for the CADILLAC 




The Cadillac Automobile will go up any grade of any well=traveled 
road, without balk — most=time without change of gear. The Cadillac 
does more than overcome grades — it is a machine for all roads and all 
seasons. Mr. I. L. Atwood, an auto novice, drove a Cadillac 
containing three passengers from New York to 
Waterbury, Conn., 93 miles, at an aver- 
age speed of 13 miles an hour 
without a stop. This 
is a typical 



\ 



performam 
no accident, no repairs 
— but Lctiori. 

■low out ; new sparking 

device endorsed by all gas-engine experl 

copper water jacket as used in 1 ench machi 

speed range 4 t<> 30 miles an hour; only two places to oil — 

linst io or more in others; interchangeable bronze b< inic- 

ally operated valves. Model A, [904, with the Detachable Tonneau s our 

facing for Without 1 . the smartest «>t" Runabou >ur 

free illustrated booklet K gives address of agency nearest you where the 

idillae may be seen and tried. 

CADILLAC AUTOMOBILE CO., Detroit, Mich. 

Mem ixl Automobile Mannfactni 



(II \K'l I < I R \\i 



PR I 






^^^%%%%%%%%% 



111 

o 

CC 

o 

> 




Touring 
Cars 

are simple in construction, 

powerful in operation; they are 

built to run smoothly, to ride easily. Bearings of minimum friction: extra li 

chains powerful brakes on both transmission and rear wheels; latest type cooling 

device: throttle control; Model "H" starts from seat. 

lei "H", hire illustrated, 81 inch wheel-base, four elliptic springs, 
.chable t *mnau, brass side lamps and horn, 1850.00 at the factory. 

a light Touring Car, Model "II" has no equal at the price, and few 
equals at double the pri< 

Rambler Cars are made in six different models, $750.00 to $1,350.00. 

Shall we mail you our new style and showing why you should buy a Rambler? 

Thos. B. Jeffery Sr Co., Kenosha, Wis., U. S. Jl. 



Chicago Branch, 304 Wabash Jive. 



Boston Branch, 145 Columbus Jkve. 



cs> 



CM 



Look into 

It 




2 CofTee causes Heart-Failure, Dyspepsia, 

r Brain- us Prostration. 

# These will leave when you i 

J Postum Food Coffee 



iSMichifdn Ave. 
Chicafo J<jny/f$ 

detrfccrejiioti 

Just tell ill i/our 
readers to ka.rn t u/hdt lots 
of then? now Jtnout; tht 
they Cdh Keep arc// and 
happy all the time with 
"0RA NGE/NE "(Po orders). 

It driues durdy Colds, 
'Grip I Headdche.ileurdlfi^ 
(<sU pain) and Common ills. 
Sdues Hours, days . dollars . 

Vodrs Tru/y 
Chas.L.Berthtt 

Vrcs. Ortnfitnt Co. 

?.S. Orjn feint is sold 6y (/rt/ffists 
or maikl 6// us iff 2S/ y S~o/,/te 
?kfs. We nkc to scffd +rtt 
samplt if asfad by pos trior htttr. 



vose 



PIANOS 



I over 50 YEARS. ByOt 

[ly in moderate ci 
■ VOSE pi;ino. We take old i 
ments in exr: ,,, y 01ir j )0 me free of ex 

VOSE & SONS PIANO CO., 160 Boylston St., Boston, b| 



MAR 3 1904 

VOLUME XX. 
NUMBER 3 



MARCH, 1904 



$1.00 A Yt m.' 
10c. A C< 




A Tale of Alaskan Hardships; ^I^WKS by 



&i 



THE OLD WAY 

»HE BOAT as pictured below in eVery 
detail— length \5y 2 feet, beam 4 feet, with 
H h. p. Blomstrom gasoline engine. 



$100 



So simple a child can operate 
With entire safety 

Catalogue D. including: Marine Gasoline Engines of from Vx 
to 80 horse-power at corresponding: prices, free on request. 

THE C. H. BLOMSTROM MOTOR CO. 

1284-1294 River Street Detroit, Mich. 

[ From the Chicago Journal, May 7th, liX)3] 

At hut an honeat wml haspntalSif foot launch with gasoline engine 
-4 foot beam— within the reach of the masses. 



?JJJJJS***JJJJ*JJJJJJJJ^ 



THE KEU? WAY 



RECREATION 

Copyright, December, 1903, by G. O. Shields 
A Monthly Magazine Devoted to Everything the Name Implies 



$1.00 a Year. 

10 Cents a Copy. 



G. O. SHIELDS (COQUINA), 
Editor and Manager. 



23 West 24TH Street, 

New York 



CONTENTS OF THIS NUMBER PAGK . 

The Other 2 Men Pushed on with 4 Dogs Frontispiece 

A Tale of Alaskan Hardships W.J. 171 

Where the White Goats Get Their Salt. Illustrated G. O. Shields 175 

The Sage Grouse Charles S. Moody 177 

Bears and Things — Frank Mossman 179 

An Eye for An Eye. Illustrated M eleagro 181 

The Modern Squirrel Hunter. Poem John L. Woodbury 183 

A Tale of the Woods Charles T. Murray 184 

A Florida Fishing Party E. M. Leete 187 

Captain Joe Muffrau. Poem H.W.Bradley 188 

Baiting a Bear William J. Lampton 189 

Early Days on the Yakima J. E. Newton 191 

HowSamFlynn Was Cured of Office Seeking Jennie P. Buford 193 

The Trumpeter Swan. Illustrated Allen Brooks 194 

Howl Lost My Gun Otto Von Stockhousen 195 

Signs of Spring:. Poem E. C. M. Richards 196 

The Dissolution of AbijahDusenbury Dr. G. A. Mack 197 

On a Russian Biver. Illustrated Baron Paul Tcherkassov 199 

My Trip to Wood's Canyon Edward C ashman 201 

The Regeneration of Windy Charles A. Harmon 205 

Fishing After Dark May McHenry 207 

His Change of View. Poem Candice A, Bramble 208 

A Pilfering Grizzly Frank R. Grover 209 



From the Game Fields 210 

Fish and Fishing 217 

Guns and Ammunition 221 

Natural History 229 

The League of American Sportsmen 232 



Forestry 236 

Pure and Impure Foods 239 

Publisher's Notes 242 

Editor's Corner 244 

Amateur Photography 250 



Entered as Second-Class Matter at New York Post Office, Oct. 17, 1894. 



YOU 
LOSE 

If you 



CANT 
THEM 

wear 



Bk. Key CKaJn attached with 

WASHBVRNES 

Patent Improved 

FASTNERS 

Little and inconspicuous, but with a bulldog grip 
that never loosens by accident. 

Key Chain and K.\t\g - - 25c. ) Sent 
Cuff Holders - - - - . 20c. > Post 
SceLrf Holder .... 10c. ) Paid. 

Illustrated Catalogue of other novelties on request. 
Sold Everywhere. 

AMERICAN RING CO. 

Dept. 44, Watorbury, Conn. 



Sore Throat 

Hoarseness, Quinsy, Tonsillitis 

Laryngitis and other throat 

troubles quickly relieved 

and promptly cured 

by the use of 

Hydrozone 

This scientific germicide is used and en- 
dorsed by leading physicians everywhere. 
It is absolutely harmless, yet a most 
powerful healing agent 

By killing the germs that cause these dis- 
eases, without ii jury to the tissue, Hydro- 
zone cures the patient. Sold by leading 
druggists. If not at yours, will send bottle, 
prepaid, on receipt of 25 cents. 




Jk)OJjxJCcuZt& 



-<— <jy 



F-59 Prince Street, NEW YORK 

FREE.— Valuable Booklet on How to Treat Diseases. 



11 



RECREATION 



For Hunters, Anglers, Prospectors, Ranchmen, 



The Press Button Knife 

IS THE THING. 

A single pressure of the button opens it. It locks open, cannot 
close on the fingers, saves the finger nails, has 2 blades hand-forged 
!"rom Wardlow's best English steel, and is in every respect as good 
a knife as can be made. Ladies' and Gentlemen's sizes in Stag 
Shell or Ivory handles, including moisture-proof Chamois case 
securely mailed to any address for 75 CENTS, 

Send for catalogue K for description and prices of other styles. 

THE 

NOVELTY 
KNIFE CO. 

426 East 52d Street, 

NEW YORK. 



And all others who go 
into the Woods or Hills 

Our 5-inch Press Button Hunt- 
ing Knife can not be excelled. 
Can be opened with one hand, 
and will not open or close acci- 
dentally. 

Handsome Stag: Handle 

Price, One Dollar 




Camping Out 

Camping may be pleasant, or disagreeable or danger- 
ous. The equipment has much to do with it. Expense 
may be large and results unsatisfactory, or small with good 
results. "Know-how" — what to take, what to leave — has 
most to do in insuring the comfort, pleasure and safety of 
an outing expedition, be it to explore untraveled mountains, 
or to find the north pole, or just to spend a month in the 
woods. 

Our business is to " Know-how." Our success leads us 
to believe that we have learned our business. 

We manufacture and sell everything for outfitting camping parties. Let 
us send our Catalogue R, or better still, call on us, if you contemplate "smelling 
burning wood " before an open tent in the shadow of the woods. 

ABERCROMBIE & FITCH 

314=316 Broadway, New York 



RECREATION. 



in 



15ha 



•4- « JMOS %ff Iff' 



Q 



' 



^ 



&M 



M 



a 



On any busy street count the 

number of Oldsmobiles you 

see. If there are not more than 

twice as many as any other make 

of motor car, you are living in a 

very exceptional city. 

Oldsmobile progress did not stop with 
bringing out the Standard Runabout — a 
car that has sustained its reputation at 
home and abroad in open contest with 
all others. 

Oldsmobile perfection has been ap- 
plied to other types of motor cars, and at 
any of our selling agencies in the larger 
cities, you can see our 

Oldsmobile Standard Runabout 

Price $650 

Oldsmobile Light Tonneau Car 

Price $950; without Rear Seat. $850 

Oldsmobile Touring Runabout 

Price $750 

Oldsmobile Light Delivery 

Wagon 

Price $850 



6 V 



■ 



For further particulars about the Oldsmobile line, see our nearest selling agent, or write direct. 
A captivating automobile story, "Golden Gate to Hell Gate," free on request to Dept, 83 

Olds Motor Works, Detroit, U. S. A. 

Member of the Association of Licensed Automobile Manujucturen 



IV 



RECREATION. 





20 Lh CENTURY LAUNCHES 

Steam Yachts. Se\il Yachts. Row Boats.Canocs 

Send 10 < talogue giving the truth in detail about the best boats built, 

our Automobile Launch, ur new up to date plant, our pnejever control, jump 
■park, under water exhaust, self-oiling motor, our $150.00 launch and other 1904 
creations. Agencies in all principal cities. Satisfaction guaranteed. Address, 

Racine Boat Mfo. Co., (Riverside), Muskegon, Mich. 




-H^HE works of the Racine Boat 
-*- Manufacturing Co., of Racine, 
Wis., were burned down last 
May. An entirely new plant has 
been established at Muskegon, 
Mich. They are now at work on 
their 1904 product and new cata- 
logue will be ready for distribu- 
tion March 1st. 



In writing for same please mention 
Recreation. The Racine Bo;it Man- 
ufacturing Company's Ad will oc- 
cupy this entire page in April and 
subsequent issues of Recreation. 



RECREATION. 







The Cadillac is the only automobile embodying broadly utilitarian 

principles. The picture above shows a strong, stylish, powerful 

touring car that will accommodate four people comfortably; that is as 

smooth=running and reliable as any high= priced machine. Remove 

the tonneau, and it becomes a smart runabout — superior to 

every other in simplicity and ease of operation; 

equalled by none in speed, strength, 

appearance or mechanical 

excellence. 

The 



I 



automobile ab- 
solutely unique in perfec- 
tion of design and carefulness of con- 
struction. No other is so easily and perfectly 
adaptable to the various requirements of business and 
pleasure ; no other has bo many points of intrinsic superiority. Im- 
proved wheel steering-gear; new departure in brakes; positive ignition. 
Transmission is simple, noiseless and " fool-proof." When car is running on high 
gear the speed can be regulated on ordinary roads by throttle alone. Bngine develops 
eight horse-power, runs without vibration, and will drive steadily, surely, power- 
fully, "wherever a wheel will turn." Model A, 1904. with detachable tonneau. 
seating four, all facing tot :ra>J, 5< s 50. 00 ; without tonneau, f;5o.ou. .Ill igoj 
Cadillacs are equipped with Clunker 7. 

Our free illustrated booklet K gives address ol agency 
nearest you. where the Cadillac may be seen and tried. 

CADILLAC AUTOMOBILE CO., Detroit, Mich. 

Member Association of Licensed Automobile Manufacturers. 



v 






' 



- 



RECREATION. 



Auto -Boats 

The late>styad 




Speed 12 to 35 miles. "" ~— - 

Sizes 30 to 70 feet, using 
our own new design, the 

"Speedway" Gasolene Automobile Motor 

We also build The Only Naphtha Launch, Electric Launches, Alco 

Vapor Launches, Steam and Sail Yachts. s ~- 

Our showrooms contain ioo finished launches to select from. 
t&~ Send 10 cents In stamps for new catalogue of auto-boats, naphtha or alco vapor launches IBfc 

Gas Engine & Power Co. and Charles L Seabury & Co., Consolidated 

MORRIS HEIGHTS, NEW YORK CITY 



Down Town Office, 1 1 Broadway 



Chicago Office, 1409 Michigan Ave. 



RECREATION. 




Model "H" 

here illustrated is a strong, light Touring 
Car, having an 81-inch wheel base. It starts from 
the seat, is equipped with four elliptic springs, detacha- 
ble tonneau, brass side lamps and horn. It is built to run 
easily and ride smoothly, and has no equal at the price, and few at 
double the price. Simple in construction and powerful in ope r ation are 

Touring Cars 

Six different models $650.00 tO $1350.00 at the factory. 

Model "H" $850.00 at the factory. Rambler Delivery Wagons, 
with detachable top, $850.00 at the factory. Model ' 4 I+" fitted 
with canopy top, beveled plate glass swinging front and side 
baskets, $1,350.00 at the factory. 

Our new illustrated catalogue shows each different style of car and tells 
its special points of merit. Shall we mail you a copy ? 

Thomas B. Jeffery (EL Company, 

Kenosha, "Wis., \J . S. A. 



Chicago Branch, 304 Wabash Ave. 
Boston Branch, 145 Columbus Ave. 



V 



M. 



f 



J9P 



^THE GOLDLN GATE. 



viH 



RECREATION'. 



UNION 
PACIFIC 



THE 

Fast Trains 

ARE VIA THE 

UNION 
PACIFIC 

If you want a quick and 
pleasant trip, select the Union 
Pacific, its trains from Omaha 
reaching the Pacific Coast. 

16 HOURS QUICKER 

Than any other line 

No Change of Roads 

No Change of Cars 

No Detours 

"THE OVERLAND ROUTE" 
ALL THE WAY 

Be sure your Ticket reads 
over the UNION PACIFIC 

Full information cheerfully 
furnished on application to 

R. TENBROECK 

General Eastern Agent 

UNION PACIFIC RAILROAD 

287 Broadway, NEW YORK CITY 



Sent on Approval 

TO RESPONSIBLE PEOPLE 

Laughlin 

Fountain Pen 



Guaranteed Finest 

Grade 14k. 
SOLID GOLD PEN. 

To test the merits of 




RECREATION 



as an advertising medium 
we make this grand spe- 
cial offer, your choice of 



These 

Two 

Popular ' 
, Styles 
5 For Only 



$1.00 






Postpaid 
to any 
Address 



- 



- 



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(By Registered mail 8 cents extra) 

Holder is made of finest 
quality hard rubber, in four 
simple parts, fitted with 
very highest grade, large 
size 14k, geld pen, any flex- 
ibility desired— in feeding 
device perfect. 

Either Style— RICHLY 
GOLD flOUNTED for pre- 
sentation purposes, $1.00 
extra. 

Grand Special 
Offer 

You may try the pen a 
week ; if you do not find it 
as represented, fully as 
fine a value as you can 
secure for three times the 
price in any other make, 
if not satisfactory in every 
respect, return it and we 
will promptly refund your 
money. 

Illustration on left is full 
size of Ladies' style; on 
right, Gentlemen's style. 
Lay this RECREATION Down 
and Write NOW. 

Safety Pocket Pen Hold- 
er sent free of charge with 
each Pen. 

address ; 



Laugh lin flfg. Co. 

424 Griswold St., DETROIT, MICH. 



RECREATIUX. 



IX 



BRUIN 

AND THE 

NORTHERN PACIFIC 

TRADEMARK are 
closely related. 
The railway leads 
direct to 

YELLOWSTONE 

PARK 

Where Br\iiiv is 
seen. in. his glory. 

The Park Season extends 
From June 1st. to Sept 30th 
and RATES ARE GREATLY 
REDUCED and NEW HOTELS 

have been built. 
Send six cents for 

"WON DERL AN D" 

CHAS.S.FEE.G.R5TA. 5T. PAUL, MINN. 



: . nit- , 












^JK 



N 



&M 



•>#rl 



M 



s 



?C|f 



THE SIGN 
OF THE BEST 



RECREATION. 




SOUTHERN 

To ALL TH« 

Principal 
Cities and 

Hksobts 
Sotith, 
Southeast, 
Southwest, 
Florida, 
California, 
Cuba, 
Mexico 
and Central 
America* 

"The Land of 
the Skv" and 
"Sapphire 

Country" 
Pullman Draw- 
in? and State- 
room Sloping- 
Cars: Dining, 

Library and Observation Cars of the 

Highest Rtandard. The Route of the 

Washington & Southwestern 

Limited and Sunset iLimlted 

New York and New Orleans, Los Angeles, 

and San Fr»n< 

The Southern's Palm Limited 

New York and St. Augustine. 

. Write fur Ih-acripHvt Matter 

NEW YOR K ( ) FFK 1 .S : T. 1 & 1 1 85 Broadw'y 
Alei.R.Tiiweatt. Eastern Passenger A gt. 
W. A. Tirk, - Passenger Traffic Manner 
8. H. Habdwick. (;<noral Passenger Agent 
WASHINGTON, D. C. 



9 ft 



"She sits forever in the sun.' 



DENVER, 
COLORADO. 



Joaquin Miller thus wrote of Denver, 
and all who have seen it pronounce 
this one of the most beautiful of 
modern cities. It is best reached by the 

NEW YORK CENTRAL LINES 

and their connections. Only one 
change of cars from New York or 
Boston to Denver. 

Details of rates and trains gladly 
furnished by any New York Central 
ticket agent. 



A copy of "America's Winter Resorts," will 

be sent free, on receipt of a two-cent stamp by 

. II Daniels, General Passenger Agent, 

New York Centr.il ^ Hudson River Railroad, 

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KliCREATIOX. 



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RECREATION . 



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RECREATION. 



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170 



Volume XX. 



RECREATION. 

MARCH, 1904 
G. 0. SHIELDS COQUINA , Editor and Manager 



Number 3 



A TALE OF ALASKAN HARDSHIPS. 



W. J. 



J. A. Ritchie, of Montreal, D. A. 
McPhee, of Winnipeg, Roy Moffatt, 
of Pembroke, Ontario, Philip Billneau, 
of Dulnth, and Alec Holmes, of Fres- 
no, California, found themselves at the 
headwaters of the Porcupine river in 
the season of 1898, too late to attempt 
its descent by boat. With no other 
guide than one of Ogilvie's charts, 
they started, some time after winter 
had set in, to make a Southward cross- 
country trip of about 200 miles, to 
reach the Yukon. 

Holmes froze both feet at the out- 
set, though not seriously. Believing 
himself unequal to the long trip, he de- 
cided to turn back and trust to getting 
enough salmon at a previously found 
hole in the ice to keep off starvation 
until help should come. Holmes and 
Billneau were partners, independent of 
the other 3 men, but the 2 parties had 
joined for the trip up the Porcupine 
and overland. Moffatt and Billneau 
decided to remain with Holmes, Mof- 
falt being the best hunter of the party, 
while Ritchie and McPhee continued 
the journey as already planned. They 
were to return with help as soon as it 
could be secured. 

Holmes, Moffatt and Billneau went 
into camp at Fish branch on the upper 
Porcupine. Holmes fished while Mof- 
fatt and Billneau hunted. They had 7 
dogs ; the other 2 men pushed on with 
4. All the party were poorly provided 
with clothing for cold weather, but 
they were stout young fellows, 25 to 
35 years old. 

Ritchie and McPhee left the others 
October 31. They crossed the 3 lakes 



at the head of the Porcupine, 
crossed a mountain range, with snow 
2 feet deep, traversed a wide, uneven 
valley drained by 3 tributaries of the 
Ogilvie river, crossed another low 
range, and found themselves on the 
head of the left fork of Big Sheep 
creek, which pours into the Yukon a 
few miles below 70-mile river, and 130 
miles below Dawson. They reached a 
cabin at the mouth of Big Sheep a few 
days later, having been 10 days on the 
trip, about half of that time without 
food except some beaver hides. They 
had lost one dog and were on the point ■ 
of killing one of the survivors for 
food. They had seen some game on 
the way, but were unable to get any. 

The young men found good 
friends at the cabin. It was occupied 
by 4 old timers : Al and Lee Pate, 
George Stiller and Julius Sternberg. 
These men at once volunteered to re- 
turn and help the others of the party 
out of their predicament. McPhee had 
an incipient attack of scurvy and a 
frost-bitten toe. Ritchie, who, despite 
the hardships he had undergone, was 
in good shape to travel again, acted as 
guide for the rescue party, his compan- 
ions being Lee Pate and Julius Stern- 
berg. With several extra pair- 
snow shoes they set forth November 
13, with 30 days' food supply. As the 
young men had come through in 10 
days, the relief party expected to make 
the round trip in a month. 

Over 6 weeks passed and no word 
was heard from them. The people of 
70-mile began to talk of sending after 
them. Finally, December 19, they re- 



171 



172 



RECREATION. 



turned, exhausted, having been 
6 days practically without food. Un- 
fortunately they had not found the 
men whom they had gone to relieve. 
They had found the camp at the sal- 
mon hole, near Fish branch, and a note 
left by Moffatt, saying his party had 
been unable to replenish their supply oi 
game or fish, and. fearing assistance 
might be delayed in reaching them, 
had decided to attempt the return trip 
to La Pierre house, 200 miles down the 
Porcupine. 

La Pierre house is an abandoned 
trading post, but a few Indians usually 
winter in that vicinity, and from them 
the men might get help. Otherwise, 
they might be able to make the portage 
to Fort McPherson, 80 miles farther, 
where some of the party had a large 
stock of provisions cached. Though 
the note did not so state, it was evident 
that Holmes was able to travel, doubt- 
less with some aid from the dogs. 

"It is to be regretted," said Mr. 
Pate, "that they did not come on our 
way, instead of turning back. Had 
they done so, they would have met us 
half way and both parties would have 
probably been saved considerable hard- 
ship. However, they knew their way 
back over the trail they had come and 
were ignorant of the country this way. 
They had no means of knowing if their 
partners had reached the Yukon." 

The members of the relief party 
were reluctant to go into details of 
their experiences ; they had no desire 
to pose as heroes and made light of 
their hardships, remarking that they 
had discovered the needlessness of car- 
rying provisions on an Alaskan winter 
trip. 

"You don't feel hungry after the 
second or third day," said Pate, 
"though you do feel yourself getting 
weaker all the time. A little tea 
and tobacco we had helped out won- 
derfully. The worst feature about 
going without food is that it makes 
you more susceptible to cold. We were 
unable to sleep the last 2 nights ; had 



to stay up and keep a roaring fire 
going. Yes, of course, we had the 
dogs, and had we not known that we 
should probably hold out, one or 2 of 

the animals might have gone the way 
of all flesh." 

That the men had gone without food 
almost too long was made plain when 
they attempted to eat. Sternberg faint- 
ed outright and considerable effort was 
required to bring him around. The 
others experienced more or less nau- 
sea, vertigo, etc., but with a little cau- 
tion were soon able to eat heartily. On 
the trip they had had but one chance 
at game. A moose was seen, and 
Sternberg, a man of considerable repu- 
tation as a hunter, attempted to secure 
the animal but failed. Sleds and snow 
shoes were in bad shape. The snow 
shoe lacings and all spare bits of hide, 
even to the dog whip, had been fed to 
the dogs on the return trip. 

Narrating his experience, Ritchie 
said : "We left Edmonton, early in Sep- 
tember, 1897, having been induced to 
try that route largely by the advertis- 
ing of Edmonton merchants and by an 
article written by A. A. Hemming, of 
Hamilton, Ont., who had never made 
the trip. Hemming called it the "poor 
man's route." We found it anything 
but that. It is not only an intolerably 
roundabout way of getting into the 
country, but is extremely expensive 
and difficult. 

"Our party wintered on the Macken- 
zie below Great Slave lake. We pushed 
on to Peel river in the spring. At 
Granite F.apids a pistol costs $50. At 
Smith's Rapids it cost $15 to $100 
to have a boat taken through. At 
Fort McPherson, on Peel river, we 
had to take the 80 mile portage to Por- 
cupine waters. There Indians are in- 
dispensable if you wish to get an outfit 
over ; the packing charge is $7 a hun- 
dredweight. 

"It was July before McPhee, Mof- 
fatt and I finally arrived on the Porcu- 
pine, with but a few hundred pounds 
of food. We were joined by Holmes 



./ TALE OF ALASKAN HARDSHIPS. 



173 



and Billneau, who, like ourselves, had 
decided to try the extreme headwaters. 
We prospected all summer, but found 
no gold ; I believe there is no pay dirt 
on the headwaters of the Porcupine. 
During - the summer there was plenty 
of game and we got along well. It 
was not until both flour and tobacco 
had given out that things began to 
look blue ; yet we were making good 
progress toward the Yukon, and all 
would have got out of the country had 
not Holmes frozen his feet." 

Mr. Ritchie told in detail the story 
of the trip out by McPhee and himself; 
that their food gave out in 4 or 5 days ; 
that they were threatened by a band 
of wolves, which were finally driven 
off ; that bad luck followed 2 efforts to 
shoot game they saw, and that they 
were finally reduced to the necessity 



of eating in succession 5 beaver 
hides. 

"How did we manage to eat them ? 
Oh, we singed off- all the hair, 
then toasted pieces of the hide to a 
crisp and chewed." 

Both McPhee and Ritchie had little 
doubt that Moffatt, Billneau and 
Holmes were able to reach La Pierre 
house, though it was a long, hard trip 
to make inside the Arctic circle, in 
midwinter, on short rations. 

It was not the case, however. The 3 
men were never again seen alive. The 
next summer Indians found 2 skele- 
tons on the Porcupine, 80 miles from 
Belle river, and showed them to the 
X. \Y. mounted police. The bones 
were supposed to be those of 2 of the 
missing men. Where the third one met 
his death is unknown. 




SCREECH OWL 

One of the 20th Prize Winners in Recreation^ 7th Annual repetition. 




A MOUNTAIN GOAT TRAIL 



174 



WHERE THE WHITE GOATS GET THEIR SALT. 

G. O. SHIELDS. 
Photos by the Author. 



There is in the Canadian Rockies one of 
the greatest goat licks to be found any- 
where. It appears to have been used hun- 
dreds of years, and in that time many 
tons of earth have been eaten and 
carried away by these strange animals. 
The formation is a light, chalky clay, and 
appears to contain a large percentage of 
some form of salt that the animals require 
in the summer, when eating young grass 
or other plants. 

This clay was deposited by the river ages 
ago, when it was a much larger stream than 
now, and when the normal stage of 
water was probably 20 or 30 feet above 
where it is at the present day. The bank 
has an average height of 30 or 40 feet above 
the present water line and is about 200 
feet long. It is covered with spruce and 
pine trees, some of which are a foot in di- 
ameter, and among them is a heavy growth 
of grass and weeds. 

There are trails leading into the lick from 
the surrounding mountains, which average 
a foot to 2 feet in width, and which are in 
places worn a foot deep in the hard earth. 

As we traveled up the river on which this 
lick is situated, we saw goat tracks any- 
where from a week to a month old, 20, 30 
and even 40 miles away, all headed up 
stream. These indicated that the goats 
were making their spring migrations to 
their Saratoga, so to speak. It is not un- 
reasonable to suppose that goats living 100 
miles distant gather about this lick and 
spend the summer there, ranging back each 
day 5 to 10 miles to get their food. Their 
trails can be followed 4 or 5 miles back 
before the animals seem to scatter out to 
feed. One of these trails leads up the river 
about a mile, to where a big drift has 
formed, which extends entirely across the 
stream. Trees of all sizes have jammed 
in there and piled up. one on another, form- 
ing a complete bridge across the stream, 
and the goats walk these foot logs night 
and morning, as they go to and from their 
salt feast. 

We were seriously in need of fre^h meat 
when we arrived at our camp near the lick, 
and Wrighl went up there to get a young 
goat. There was nothing doing at the lick 
at that time, so he followed the trail up 
the river, cm- ( .,l the drift on the same 
logs tin- goats Used, picked up the trail mi 
the opposite side and followed it up a 
mountain 2 or 3 miles away. There the 
animals habitually scattered out and roair 
in search of the food they needed to carry 
on their business. 

175 



Wright climbed to an altitude of about 
1. 200 feet above the river, when he landed 
on a sharp ridge, and looking up, saw a 
hand of 22 goats, old, young and middle- 
aged, big, little and middle sized He 
slipped up to them, picked out a goat that 
would make a few square meals for in, 
killed him and brought him to camp. 
Wright said he could have loaded the pack- 
train in 5 minutes if he had been disposed 
to use his opportunity. 

At the tir-t shot, some of the goats trotted 
away, but mosl of them stayed about, or 
walked toward him and tried to find out if 
the thing was still loaded. He was within 
40 feet of some of the big old Billies, but 
had meat enough for present purpose-, so 
did not disturb them. Unfortunately, he 
did not take his camera with him that day. 

The goats have eaten into the sid 
the hill in places, so far that the 
of the trees hang down over the excavation. 
The eager and hungry animals keep on dig- 
ging and eating clay until now and then a 
large chunk of the overhanging bank falls 
on them, crumbles and tumbles down into 
the river. They have loosened some larcre 
rocks which have rolled down part way. 
Many standing trees and several old 1 
that had lain on this hill for years have 
been undermined and have slid down into 
the river. 

The cupidity of these poor brutes has 
proved the destruction of most of them. 
The time has evidently been when thou 
sands of goats used the lick, where but a 
few, perhaps 100. use it now. Ail about 
there on the river hanks are remains of old 
Indian camps, and in each of these is a veri- 
table hone yard. The Indians have evi 
dently made a practice of going there ever) 
summer, for perhaps 100 years past, killii 
,U'>ats and drying the meat for winter us 
yet tlie poor brutes crave the salt so eagerly 
that they keep on going back every summer 
to gel more, just as an old toper "will keep 
going hack to a saloon for more whiskey, 
:i though he may have been kicked out 
of it a dozen tinu 

There are unprincipled pot hunters who 
to these licks now, and kill 10 or . 
•s. where each man should he satisfied 
with one. It requires no hunting whatever. 
If a man is too lazy to climb the hills, he 
can simply sit down anywhere within rifle 
range of the cut bank an hour before <tm- 
-<t. or at daybreak, and pot hi when 

they come in to get their supper or break- 
fast yA salt mud. 







4 im 



" - * ■ - 



A GOAT LICK. 



176 



THE SAGE GROUSE. 



l 77 



There are several other goat licks or 
sheep lieks in the Canadian Rockies, but 
none I have heard of are so large, nor have 
any hcen used to such an extent as this 



one has. The Canadian Government should 
enact a law prohibiting the killing of any 
goat or -heci), elk or deer within 2 miles 
of any salt lick. 



THE SAGE GROUSE. 



CHARLES S. MOODY. 



My first acquaintance with the sage 
grouse, Centrocercus urophasianus, was in 
the early spring of '83, when on a visit to 
the Big Bend of the Columbia. In my 
youthful verdancy I mistook these birds for 
turkeys strayed from some farmhouse. 
Where the farmhouse was, I had not paused 
to ask myself. In all that immense plateau 
there was only one human habitation. Wild 
Goose Bill, a squaw man, held dominion 
over the whole country, a region that is now 
one great wheat field. The grouse were 
sitting beneath the sage brush lining the 
dim wagon trail, and with my new Fox gun 
I slew one, congratulating myself that we 
should have fresh meat for supper. We 
had it, but somehow we did not enjoy it 
as I had expected. They say it is all right 
when you get used to it, but it takes any- 
body except a Siwash a long time to get 
used to it. 

When the spring sun has brought new 
life to the sleeping vegetation, Mr. Sage 
Grouse dons his courting garments, tunes 
his lyre, and goes forth to seek a mate. I Fe 
usually finds one, for it has been my obser- 
vation that the softer sex are within hail- 
ing distance whenever there is any wooing 
On hand. 1 laving made his advances and 
been accepted, the twain repair to some ele- 
vated spot, bare of vegetation, that, during 
tlie noting season, is used as a trysting 
place. There, at early morning, and late 
(veiling, the ardent swain, with wings 
spread, tail and head erect, struts to and 
fro before his demure dame, all the while 
giving vent to a series of gutturals that 
may be particularly fetching to the object 
of his amours, but arc- anything but har- 
mony judged by human standards. I low 
long this performance is continued 1 am un- 
able to say; probably, however, throughout 
the laying time and until the mother bird 
takes up the task of incubation. 

The nesting site is some swale grown 
with rye grass, or some hillside underneath 
a large sage. There are laid <S to 10 beau 
tiful, dark brown eggs, deeply mottled and 
streaked with black. The nest is a mere 
depression in the light, alkali soil. The 



period of incubation corresponds to that 
of the other Gallincc, that is, about 21 days. 
When the little downy, cream colored 
chicks first make their appearance they re- 
semble those of the domestic hen ; and like 
the hen, the mother bird is extremely solici- 
tous for their welfare. So intrepid is she 
in their defense that she has been known 
to beat off a great barred owl which was 
seeking a young grouse for dinner. 

It has been suggested, owing to the fact 
that these birds inhabit the dry, arid plains 
of our Northwest, that they do not drink. 
Such is not the case. When the country 
was new and unsettled, at evening the 
hunter could see thousands of them wing- 
ing their way to some distant spring. Visit 
the springs, of which there were a few, and 
the noise of the wings was as distant thun- 
der, as the birds rose in myriads. 

Late in the fall, after the winter winds 
have begun to blow, the male bird who has 
spent the summer with some of his cronies 
boasting about the size and excellency of 
his brood, a habit he probably learned from 
some human fathers I know, rejoins his 
flock. Together they seek a sheltered val- 
ley, where their winter food of sage grows, 
and then' pass the cold months. It is the 
sage that gives them a taste like concen- 
trated sausage seasoning. 

The sage grouse is an unwary bird. It 
can be approached within a few rod-;. These 
birds possess a curiosity akin to that of the 
antelope, which impels them to investi- 
gate anything new. Once on the wing, 
however, their flight is graceful and swift, 
much like that of an English pheasant. 
When a sage grouse <tarts for the next 
county it takes a good mark-man to bring 
him down. I deeply regret that pot hunt- 
ers have been permitted to slaughter this 
magnificent bird, so little fit for the table 
yet SO picturesque a figure in the landscape. 
In a few more years the lover of Nature 
will be compelled to visit some museum ^\ 
natural history or some zoological garden 
for a sight of the birds that were once door- 
yard visitors at every ranch on the Western 
plains. 




SAVED, BY GUM! 



AMATEUR PHOTO By Q. W. WOOD. 



Winner of 9th Prize in Recreation's 8th Annual Photo Competition. 
Made with liausch & Lomb Lens 




AMATEUR PHOTO BY R. H. BEEBE. 



THREE BLACK CROWS SAT OX A TREE. 



Winner of iotli Prize in Recreation's 8th Annual Photo Competition. Made with Goerz Lens. 

178 



BEARS AND THINGS. 



FRANK MOSS MAX. 



A black bear will cat anything, from a 

honey bee to a well greased sawmill, lit- 
is an epicure on honey. He will knock 
over a hive and light off bees with one 
hand while he helps himself to tenderloin 
honey steaks with the other. 

He is also fond of pork. He will gather 
a hog in his arms as mamma does her 
baby, and enff it into silence if it yells. 
When he has reached timber with it, he 
will sit on his haunches and cuff it till 
Porkie is converted into chops, spare ribs, 
sausages and other convenient deli- 
cacies 

I remember some fun I once had with 
a bear which was trying to carry off my 
winter's supply of spareribs. I had danced 
all night at a country hop and on my 
return at daybreak to my palatial resi- 
dence, half wickyup, half cyclone remains, 
I found Bruin at his work. I had neither a 
gun nor son of a gun, so grabbing the first 
thing within reach, a pitchfork, I went 
after him and poked him in the dining car. 

1 was handicapped by my swallowtail coat, 
though it eventually proved useful. 

The bear paid no heed to me till I poked 
him; then he turned on me. We both 
sparred cautiously for an opening. Think- 
ing he had caught one the bear made a 
swipe at me, and caught me on the hash 
machine. Feeling that I could fight freer 
in my working clothes, I started to the 
house for them. The bear removed all 
those little difficulties, and my clothes. 
Five to one on Bruin and no takers, when 

2 young ladies happened along. The sight 
of a bear chasing a wild eyed man, whose 
only raiment was a pair of poorly matched 
side whiskers was too much for their 
nerves, and they unbuckled a few yells, 
which caused my pursuer to break for the 
timber. I did likewise^ having always 
been noted for modesty when my wardrobe 
was not handy. 

My clawhammer coat undoubtedly saved 
my life. When the fight was the hottest 
the tails of that garment displayed almost 
human intelligence. I could see better 
fighting grounds on a tree a mile away and 
started for it. That's where the coat tails 
got in their work. They Rapped up and 
down so fast in the bear's face that he 
could see nothing but coat tails and the 
dust I kicked up. 1 finally reached the tree 
but the bear had lost hope of lunching on 
me and dropped out of the race. 

On one occasion my dog ran a bear into 
a big hollow cedar. Coming up, I sent one 
of my dogs into the hole at the ground. 



As he did not get hurt T went in. Peering 
up into the darkness above me and seeing 
nothing, hearing no sound, I concluded the 
dog had been fooled. 

Just then something slipped, and it 
wasn't the bark. It was the bear. I made 
for the hole; so (' : d the bear. The fellow 
was so delighted at the meeting that he 
took me in his arms and folded me to his 
bosom. He hugged me so close, and with- 
al was so awkward with his claws, that 
for a moment I contemplated sending for 
a suit of clothes. At last, through a slight 
inadvertence on the bear's part I got out 
and with a lucky shot laid him low. 

I was so changed in appearance that 
my dogs didn't know me at first. I was 
a second Rip Van Winkle, as far as clothes 
and rips were concerned. If you wish to 
know how the tail end of a cyclone feels 
just get fast in the hollow of a tree in 
company with a healthy bear and 4 or 5 
dogs. 

In my youthful days it was my dearest 
ambition to own a menagerie. The great 
lack was for material. One fortunate day 

1 chanced on 2 bear cubs, gathered them 
in my arms and started joyfully homeward. 
Unluckily the old lady bear came on the 
scene and asked to be included in the col- 
lection. As my project did not embrace 
a 3 ring attachment I dropped the cubs, 
also the menagerie scheme, and fled for 
life, making more noise and tracks than 

2 menageries. I reached my long legs in 
front of me, pulled the distance under me, 
and kicked it out behind, like a streak of 
small boys 100 yards long. 

I once set a trap for a bear: several 
traps, in fact. A stout pen was made in 
the timber and a hog put in. This bait was 
fed once in 2 days, and the way he yelled 
for rations was a caution. The bear heard 
the rumpus, came up to pay the hog a visit, 
and began by taking a walk around the 
pen, In that way he put his foot in it, a 
No. 5 Newhouse. There was another trap, 
but the bear seemed satisfied; didn't care 
to look up any more; so he tarried there till 
I went out and called on him socially. 

Late in the fall the bears here fill up on 
salmon, then crawl into a hole and pull 
it in after them. I found a bear hole once, 
and crawled in. The hear had hired a 
family of skunks to 'tend door. As I had 
no ticket they refused me admittance, but 
generously presented me a bouquet. I re- 
tired. I may get old and izray. but the 
scent of that bouquet will linger in my 
whiskers forever. 



179 




THE FOX, STRAINING EVERY MUSCLE, FLEW OVER THE WHITE SOFTNESS. 

1 80 



AN EYE FOR AN EYE. 



MEI-EAGRO. 



It was a clear cold night late in January. 
A full moon, shining on the fields of snow, 
unbroken save by patches of evergreen and 
maple forest, made the night almost as light 
as day. A hardly perceptible wind drifted 
from the North, causing the tall tree tops 
to sway lazily to the accompaniment of a 
gentle moaning. In a hollow among some 
young hemlocks, with the large, dark woods 
on both sides, sat a rabbit, attentively lis- 




ATTENTIVELY LISTENING. 

tening to something moving in the depths 
of the gloomy forest. The spot was a na- 
tural enclosure. Beyond its hemlock wall 
everything was in another world, for all 
that human senses could detect. The rab- 
bit, however, was greatly interested in 
something there in the woods, and signi- 
fied his curiosity by his fixed position. Sit- 
ting on his haunches with his cars inclined 
slightly forward, he looked much like the 
stump near which he was stationed. He 
remained thus several minutes, and then 
quietly resumed his feeding, digging holes 
in the snow wherever his nose told him 
there lay some delicate morsel. Still he 



seemed ever on his guard, keeping one ear 
in a listening attitude. 

On the other side of the border of ever- 
greens, in the dark woods, crouched a 
larger form. It lay at full length on the 
snow, its whole attitude showing intense 
excitement. Slowly and with utmost pre- 
caution il glided forward. So steady were 
its movements that they were almost im- 
perceptible. It raised one dark fore foot, 
placed it before the other, keeping its head 
pointed in the same direction and its tail 
and back on a level. It was a fox, with a 
dinner in sight, or, more correctly, in 
scent. Never did animal take more pains, 
and never was there a more beautiful crea- 
ture than this fox, stalking his dinner; 
every line of his body a natural curve, and 
the whole the emblem of crafty grace. 
Slowly he approached the border of the 
moonlit glade. Carefully he placed his feet, 
that they might make no sound; for the 
slightest misstep would mean the loss of 
his dinner, and he was hungry. A low 
murmuring arose from the forest, a gentle 
swaying of the tree tops, although below, 
where fed the rabbit, all alert, but still un- 
conscious, and where crouched the fox, 
all eagerness, not a breath stirred. From 
the distance the long, faint howl of a fox 
hound restrained in his kennel and anx- 
ious for the hunt, came drifting. The fox 
heard, and the hair above his shoulder 
blades rose slightly, but otherwise he cared 
not. He was at the edge of the open, his 
nose moving restlessly and glistening in 
its moisture, beyond the protection of the 
guarding hemlock boughs. A few feet dis- 
tant sat the rabbit and the sight of that de- 
licious morsel made the fox's eyes glitter 
more savagely. Slowly he crept from out 
his covering, and crouched for the spring. 
An owl in the distance uttered Its quaver- 
ing whistle, the rabbit sat up to listen. 
There was a quick rustling near the hem- 
locks, and a great, furry object hurled it- 
self at the surprised rabbit, which quickly 
turned and fled. The snow was deep and 
the rabbit was thus handicapped; while the 
fox, a personification of feathery swift- 
ness, straining every muscle, flew over the 
white softness and came up with the pur- 
sued. '1 here was a scream, a snarl, a sig- 
nificant crunching and then all was quiet, 
while from the distance came again the 
Owl's querulous moan. 

Then, without a sound the fox stalked 

back to the edge of the woods, something 

hanging from his jaws. As the howl of the 

restless hound came again to his ears, he 

181 



I 82 



RECREATION. 



stopped to listen, and then as silently as he 
had come, he disappeared in the friendly 
forest. 

Slowly the moon crept across the heav- 
ens until it neared the Western horizon. 
During all those hours not a living creature 
moved within the limits of that natural 
enclosure. The owl circled in the woods 
beyond but did not invade the loneliness of 
that spot. The shadows of the young 
hemlocks lengthened until they were cov- 
ered by the darker shadows of the main 
woods, which in turn threw the whole 
place into deep and obscure darkness. The 
moon, reddening as it neared the horizon, 
at last sank behind the distant hills and 
the stars again came forth in their splendor. 
Silence reigned supreme. The fitful breeze 
had died, the stiff hemlocks stood like 
sentinels, tireless watchers of the varying 
phases of nature. The coldness increased 
until the frost made the woods resound 
with the occasional crack of one of its 
monarchs. 

The stars in the East began to disappear, 
one by one, until only the morning star was 
left. This grew dimmer as the grey light 
of dawn became stronger, until it, too, said 
good morning and vanished. The light 
increased, the deep woods threw off their 
gloom and once more became suited to 
human eyes. A beautiful, reddening glow 
suffused the Eastern sky, increasing in 
strength until it became bright yellow. 
Then suddenly the sun leaped over the 
pure, white, glistening hills, changing every- 
thing into dazzling glory. The opening 
in the heart of the woods was transformed 
with its gladsome brightness and only the 
tracks in the snow told of the murder that 
had been committed there.. Squirrels and 
other animals of the day called through 
the forest, and birds, awakening from their 
rest, voiced their thanksgiving, while at 
breakfast among the seeds. 

Suddenly all natural sounds of the wilder- 
ness were silenced by the long howl of a 
fox hound. It was repented once and all was 
again quiet. Then without a sound, as if 
he walked on air. and as lightly as if 
upheld by some unseen power, a beautiful 
fox stepped out into the open. 

His rufus coat shone like gold in the 
bright sunlight as he stood with one fore 
foot slightly raised and looked back over 
his shoulder, listening for the hound which 
had intruded on his domain. What a pic- 
ture! A bright red, wild creature, every 
line of his body graceful, black legs, black 
cars, inclined sharply forward, and rufus 
tail tipped with white, outlined against the 
dazzling snow and the dark green hemlock ! 

Could a more beautiful object be imagined 
than this wild creature, dependent on his 
own wits for a livelihood, responsible to 
none, and if??? If the hound were to pur- 



sue him he was ready for the chase! The 
evening meal of rabbit had given him 
strength, so he cared not for the clumsy 
dog. He forgot the man and his gun. The 
fox never killed except for need; the man 
killed for gain and pleasure. 

While thus the fox stood, the hills once 
more resounded with the baying of the 
hound and Reynard trotted silently away, 
to try his ingenuity on the foolish dog. He 
had hardly vanished into the opposite side 
of the woods, when the hound's tonguing 
took on another tone, more eager, as he 
struck the fresh scent and leaped ahead. 

The chase was on! The fox sped away 
across country, running easily, but swiftly, 
over stone walls and rail fences as he 
came to the fields. Then he halted and 
listened to the excited baying of his pur- 
suer. Out in the open, half a mile distant, 
stood the fox hunter, leaning against 
the bars, where he might get a shot at 
the unsuspecting fox ; but the quarry, as 
if guided by an unseen guardian, after 
running along the top of a rail fence for 
several hundred feet, leaped back into the 
brush and sped away. On came the hound, 
racing along on the fresh scent until he 
reached the fence. Then he was at fault 
for several minutes, but at length regained 
the trail. Away he went until his loud 
voice became barely audible, and then was 
lost to hearing. 

Once within an hour the hunter saw the 
fox race across a distant meadow, and sev- 
eral minutes later he saw and heard the 
hound pursuing. Again a long period 
elapsed before aught was heard of the 
chase, for the fox had led away and seemed 
willing to rely simply on his speed and en- 
durance to escape. Several times in the 
afternoon the man thought he heard his 
dog, far to the Southward, but was not 
certain. At last when there were still some 
2 hours of sunlight left, the hound's voice 
sounded faintly from the South, slowly 
and uncertainly growing louder. Now it 
was almost inaudible as the fox led him 
down into the valley, now distinct as he 
trailed along the ridges. The man heard, 
put out his pipe, and prepared to lay out the 
fox which had caused his hound so much 
exertion. He was angered that he had 
been kept out hi the cold all day and had 
not had a chance to shoot. lie was angry 
to think he had lost a day's wages and 
might have to return empty handed; but as 
the hound's music drifted to his ear visions 
of the bounty and the price of the silky fur 
came into his mind. Perhaps he would not 
BfO home empty handed, after all, and deep 
down in h'.a hardened heart he rejoiced. 
He was not poor, nor did he need the 
money. Nevertheless, his lust for killing 
was intensified by his desire for gain. 

The fox, unconscious of danger, was 



THE MODERN SQUIRREL HUNTER. 



183 



speeding back to the deep forest whence he 
started. He was nearly half a mile ahead 
of the dog, and running easily when the 
hunter saw him stop to listen. On he 
came again after a moment's pause, straight 
for the bars which sheltered the man. The 
fox did not know that as he flew along 
a pair of gun barrels were leveled at his 
graceful form. He did not know the man 
behind them was only waiting until he 
should come in range, so he might change 
this beautiful creature to a mere mass of 
carrion. As the fox flew onward, going 
straight as an arrow to his death, he 
thought of the hound, tired and hot as he 
labored, and, perhaps himself a little weary, 



he stopped to look around. Again he heard 
the hound behind and must have laughed 
to himself as he thought of the trouble he 
had made. Then, resuming his course, he 
leaped straight toward the gun. 

He was so close that there could be no 
chance of missing. A streak of fire belched 
from the gun. The fox leapt high into the 
air and turning struggled away, a front and 
a hind leg broken. Without a sound he 
struggled on, pain and hate gleaming from 
his yellow eyes, until the second barrel 
put an end to his suffering and he was at 
peace with everything; a mass of silky red- 
ness on the pure, white snow. 



THE MODERN SQUIRREL HUNTER. 



JOHN L. WOODBURY. 



A rustling among the branches, 
By the autumn sun gold-crowned ; 

A patter of ripe nuts falling 

In a shower on the leaf-strewn ground. 

And the heart of the hunter quickens, 
As his keen glance upward steals; 

While his way through the tangled brush- 
wood 
To'rd the wary game he feels. 

Like a statue amid the forest. 

He waits till the feast is done; 
Till the squirrel glides from his cover. 

And blinks in the dazzling sun. 

Down the tree he swiftly scurries, 

With never a fear nor doubt. 
Till he reaches a branch that suits him, 

Where he stops and peers about. 

And he sees not the silent hunter. 

Who his piece to a ready brim 
A swift, sure aim and a pressure, 

But no roar through the forest rings. 

No thud of a falling body. 

But only a clicking sound; 
No wounded and bleeding creature 

Lies gasping on the ground. 

Like a flash the startled squirrel 

Flics back up the trie's rough face, 

Away, like a glancing sunbeam. 

AH unharmed in his beauty and grace. 




AMATIUH PHOTO »V JNO 



LITTLE GREY P.KOTHER. 

Highly Commended in R 1 8th Annual 

Photo Competition. 

And the hunter's heart i- swelling 
With a pleasure that lacks the pain 

Which must ever come to th< -man 

When a woodland creature's slain. 

For we read in RaCREATION 

Of the modern sportsman's fun 

When he learns to hunt with a camera, 
And cares no more for the gun. 



A TALE OF Till-: WOODS. 



CHARLES T. MURRAY. 



This is the stop,- of Francois, the guide. 
He told it one night when, after a day's 
tramp, we had encamped on the shores of 
a lake, deep in the heart of the wilderness. 
The lake was dark and gloomy, surround- 
ed, save on the side where we had built 
our camp, by great forests of nine. As we 
lay hack on our beds of hemlock, with 
pipes well alight and the gleam of the 
camp tire in our eyes, the cry of a loon, 
wild and quavering, came floating over the 
dark waters. Francois started so quickly 
that he spilled the lighted tobacco from his 
pipe, and I heard him whisper to Sam, the 
Indian. " I no lack dis place, me, she seem 
too mooch lak Devil lac." 

"Tell us about Devil's lake, Francois;" 
I said, half dreamily; and he did, while 
Sam and I lay back and listened, soothed 
by the murmur of the wind in the trees 
and the lisp of the waves as they washed 
the pebbly beach. 

"I been there once, me," began Francois, 
" but, Mon Dieu, no ! I nevaire go thare 
gin ; not if I been live so old as Messu 
Methusilum, not after all de moose or car- 
ibou or deer what live roun' dat lac. 
She was good many year ago dat I come 
on dat place, but ever tarn I hear loon 
holler lak she did jess now. I 'member 
dat tarn lak she was yisteday. I was 
young mans, me, den, not 'fraid notting 
'tall — jess leve fight mans or bear as not ; 
but when you come see Ole Nick, hecssclf, 
den you know what scare i^. I was been 
guide dat summer for Messu Georges, 
heem dat's dead now. Hees die rat on 
shore dat lac; heart disease, de doctaire 
say, but, me, I know bettaire, I was been 
there maself an' st 

Then I remembered having heard or 
read of the tragic death of Georges in the 
heart of the woods, and how his faithful 
guide had carried the body miles through 
an almost pathless wilderness, that it 
might have decent burial. 

"• And you were with him, Francois, 
when he died?" I asked with some curios- 
ity, for I had heard great things of 
Georges' guide. 

"No, no. Messu," said Francois; " I not 
be right there, me, cause then 1 he daid 
too, but I hear and see. yes, I see plain- 
tee. M< orges an' me have been 
hunt on de woods 2, 3 week dat tarn. Had 
plaintee game an' fish an' have nace tarn. 
One day we come cross beeg crick, ver' 
black an' cole and full of trout. 

" Not ver' beeg trout but jess many. I 
doan lak look dat brook, but when Messu 



Georges, he say we folia heem up, I muss 
go too. Dat criek site's beeg almose lak 
de rivair. but Messu he tink it only leetle 
way to de start. So we hide our stuff on 
de bushes and teck de rifle an' fresh pole 
an' start. All dat day we tramp, tramp, 
an' dat stream she's get beeger an' beeger 
an blacker. Den Messu he feel mooch en- 
courage an' he say. 'Only leetle fttrder 
now,' so on we go an' jess as de sun she's 
goin' down, we come on dat lac. Soon 
as I see dat black lac, I get scare, cause 
I know dat's de place where de Devil, 
heemself live. "Iwas beeg lac, mooch 
gin so beeg as dis one, but de rocks an' 
de trees was black, also, same lak de wa- 
ter. On one side dat rivair we go up was 
sandy beach, 'bout so beeg as de canal ; 
ever where else, great, beeg pine tree 
growed down on dat lac clear to de 
watair, an' some growed rat in de watair, 
lack de tree grow on de mill pon' some 
tarn. Bymeby, when I teck look roun' an' 
see dese ting, I say to Messu Georges, ' I 
no stay here, me, I go back.' 

" 'Non, non, mon ami,' he say, 'we camp 
here. Muss be mooch feesh on dat lac' 
So I have stay. 

"I cut down some brush for meek de 
house, an' fecx de bed, den Messu he git 
hungry an teck hees Till pole an' go down 
on dat lac an' trow hees fly. By gar ! 
dat fly no more tech dat watair dan 3, 4 
feesh jump for 'cm. lie ketch 2 at de 
firs' cass. Xot ver' beeg fish, them. So 
Messu he go up de shore Pill furder an' 
trow way out whare beeg rock shes stick 
up lak de mushrat house. He trow 3, 4 
tarn an' when hees mose discourage, he git 
big raise. Way go de line, de reel she 
sing, an' de feesh he jomp far out on de 
lac. But Messu got heem fass an' by- 
meby reel heem in. I git hole on hees gill 
an' den we have our suppaire. 

"After we been eat lot. we lay down an' 
smoke on de pape. Hver'ting she's ver' 
still, only some tarn we hear de loon yell 
lak she do to-night. De sun she's gone 
down an' dat lac she's so black lak de 
tundir cloud. Messu he smoke, smoke on 
de pape. den he say. quick lak. 'Fran- 
cois'; an' you bet 1 jomp good. Messu, 
he laft. den he say : 

"'What all foolishness 'bout dis lac?' 

"I tole him 'bout Ole Joe. an' how de 
Devil heemself come up outen de watair 
an' got heem. an' I say we better move 
our camp back on de woods. Messu he 
laff more an' shack hees head. Den we set 
dare for long tarn'. Messu he say notting 



A TALE OF THE WOODS. 



1J»S 



'tall, an' I say same ting, but keep look on 
dat black lac. Den Messu he say: 
"What dat out vender?' 

"I look an' look, but (loan see notting. 

"i think I see canoe,' said Messu, an' 
nion gar! I look gin an' see somcting lak 
canoe, but so dark can't he sure. 

' 'Ver' strange,' say Messn. 'Some Injun 
or trappair, mebby.' 

"I say notting hut keep tink mooch. Den 
de moon she's begin come up an' dat meek 
me feel bettair, cause dat lac not so black. 
Messu he say hees tired an* we go on de 
bed, so we crawl in dat brush house, an' 
pull de branch on top ourselve. I do'no for 
sure, hut I tink I go sleep, 'cause me, I's 
ver' tired. Nex' ting I know somebody 
poke me on de rib an' when I wake up, 
Messu he set up an' pint hees fingair an' 
say: 

" 'Francois, look dare !* 

"I look where he say an' way over nex' 
odder side dat lac, I see canoe plain, wit 
someting all white on it. Den de moon 
she's hit a cloud an' de light mose go out 
an' I feel Messu reach for hees rifle. I 
begin say prayer mighty fass, me, for what 
good Till rifle do on de Devil heemself. 
Den cross dat lac come one loud cry 
jess lak woman she's meek when she's 
fear mooch. I tink den Messu, hees begin 
get scare also lak me, cause he say : 

"'For God's sack, Francois, what dat?' 

"Den de moon she come out gin, an' I 
see dat canoe come near an' in it was a 
woman an' she's paddle fass, fass, an' Holy 
Mother! jess behine her come nudder 
canoe wit someting beeg an' black on it 
an' dat boat move fass too, an' gain on de 
firs' one quick. Dare was pint of Ian' wit 
trees on heem thar, an' bimeby bote canoe 
he go behine dat pint. Den Messu he say : 

" 'Mon Dieu. Francois! Did you see what 
was in hine canoe?' 

"I so much scare T can say notting hut 
pray, cause I know what dat ting be. Byme- 
by dat bote come out in de light gin. De 
secon' canoe she's mooch near den, an' dat 
woman she turn her head roun' an' shriek 



an' shriek awful, jess lak loon, an' I see 
Messu cover up bote hees ear. Dat ting 
in de secon' canoe he stan' up den an' I 
see heem plain, plain. Mon Dieu, I been 
try be good mans, me, since that day. 1 !<■<-, 
ver' beeg an' tall an' hairy lak de black 
bear. I hear Messu cock hees rifle an' fore 
I can stop heem, hang, go de gun, an' I 
can't see for de smoke. Wen I look gin, 
dat woman she's disappcarc — gone up on de 
smoke, an' de ting in odder canoe was come 
at us fass. ,-ni he doail have paddle, de boat 
go himself. Den he turn hees face an' look 
for see us — " 

Here Francois paused and repeatedly 
crossed himself, then continued: 

"I lees face was jess lak de picture of 
de Devil you seen on de book. Beeg black- 
horns, nose lak de eagle and long tushes 
lak de wolf hound. 'Mon Dieu, Messu, 
run quick !' I yell, but he begin shoot 2, 3 
tarn. I see de bullet splash roun' de boat, 
but she doan stop 'tall but come rat on. 
Jen I jomp quick and run fass on de 
woods an' hide me. Bymeby, pretty soon, 
when I doan hear notting, I say to maself, 
'Francois, you beeg coward, you dam fool. 
De moon she's high on de sky den an' 
mooch light, so I begin creep on dat house. 
Messu Georges hees set up straight jess 
lak notting happen, an' I tink firss hees 
gone sleep, so I crawl up soft, so not wake 
heem up. Den I see hees chin drop way 
down on hees bress ; an' see beeg track on 
de san' leading down to dat lac from 
where Messu he set. Gre't, deep footprint 
lak de moose she meek, only, Mon Dieu 
days lak a man's wid beeg nail prints. I 
look at Messu den gin' an' I see hees eyes 
wide open. Hees mout drop down, an' I 
know hees daid. Den de scare she teck 
hole on me gin' an' I run fass from dat 
plass. Next tarn I go back de sun hees 
way up on de sky I took Messu on ma 
back an' carry heem down dat crick way 
from dat p1a<s. MeSSU Doctaire, down on 
de village, who look at him say hees die 
by heart disease, but Francois, me, he 
know bettaire. 



Father: "It seems to me Freddie, that 
everything I Say t" you goes in at one ear 

and "tit at the other." 

Freddie: "Well. I s'pose that's what I've 
got 2 ears for." — Exchange. 




Tin: ARMY. 




AMATEUR PHOTOS BY C. A REED. 



THE NAVY. 
Winners of l^th Prize in Recreation's 8th Annual Photo Competition. 

iSO 



A FLORIDA FISHING PARTY. 



E. M. I.EETE. 



A bright clay in March. i8q — . found my 
wife and me driving slowly through a 
Florida pine forest. Our outfit was queer 
to our Northern eyes. Our little Florida 
pony was hitched to the skeleton of a 
wagon, and a small round bottomed 
row boat was loaded on to the 4 
wheels. We sat in this boat, my wife 
on a tent tightly rolled in the bow, and 
I in the stowsheets, driving the horse. 
We had with us in the boat a basket of 
luncheon, cooking utensils, rods, lines, an 
ax, bedding, and feed for our horse. We 
had been in the South a month and had ex- 
hausted all near resorts, when someone 
told us of a lake 12 miles out in the coun- 
try, where bass, or trout, as they are called 
in Florida, were abundant. To this lake 
we were headed, and were then more than 
half way there. The sand was deep and 
the sun was hot. Our horse was tired, so 
we let him take his own gait, as time with 
us was of no account. We had come from 
mid-winter in New England, and the 
transition from snow and ice to summer in 
so short a time was a marvel which we 
thoroughly enjoyed. There were houses 
only at rare intervals, and no fences ; only 
the trail leading through seemingly endless 
pine woods. We came once to a turpentine 
camp, and passed hundreds of pine trees 
gashed to get the turpentine, somewhat as 
maple trees are tapped in the North. We 
found dozens of small lakes set like jewels 
in the forest. In the town, where we were 
stopping there were 2T within the corpora- 
tion limit, a tract 2 miles square, and most 
of them with neither inlet nor outlet. It 
was a long pull, but about 3 o'clock we 
reached the lake we were bound for. 

On a point jutting out into the water. 
and covered with pine trees, we pitched 
our tent with the open end facing the lake. 
We cut palmetto leaves to spread our 
blankets on, gathered wood for a fire and 
made ready for the night. Then we 
launched our boat, to catch a fish for sup- 
per. The lake was bordered by pine for- 
ests and in places a dense growth of un- 
derbrush, the home of alligators, moccasins 
and water snakes. I had learned when 
blue fishing on Long Island sound that I 
could often get fish on a long line when 
boats using shorter ones could not get a 
bite, and soon found that the same rule 
worked in Florida. When we were half 
way across the first bay we had a strike 
and my wife hooked a fish and boated 
him, a trout weighing about a pound ; and 
this was followed by others, until we had 6. 



Not wishing to waste any we started back 
to our little tent, gleaming white against 
the dark green of the woods. 

The sun was nearly down when we 
pulled the boat up on the bank and stepped 
out. Taking our fish, we went up to camp 
and started a tire. It is wonderful what 
a tire will do to make a spot look home- 
like. In the gathering darkiness before 
the blaze lit our camp, it did look a trifle 
lonesome, away out there in the pine 
woods, and both of us. for a moment, 
thought of our bed back in town. The tire 
made all the difference in the world, and 
from a lonely spot in the woods the little 
camp was changed into our home. After 
supper there was the horse to feed and 
water, wood to split for the night, and 
then it was bedtime. People who have 
always slept in a bed indoors have no idea 
of the pleasure of a night in camp. Our 
couch was, to be sure, laid on the ground, 
but it was soft and we had plenty of blank- 
ets. The fire made it as light as day and 
cast a grateful warmth in at the open door 
of our tent. Listening to the call of the 
night birds and the sighing of the wind in 
the trees, we fell asleep, to be awakened 
by the sun shining in on us the next morn- 
ing. 

It was worth much to look out on the 
picture spread before our eyes that morn- 
ing. The mirrorlike lake, set in the green 
fringe of the pine trees, lay at our feet. 
with the light morning mist rising from 
the water, while in the blue arch of th. 
sky an occasional buzzard swung in endless 
circles through the still air. It a 
typical Florida morning. Birds were sing- 
ing in the trees, the air was fresh and cool, 
and it was good to be alive. After break- 
fast we took some live bait, rowed out to 
what looked like a good spot, and anch- 
ored. Rigging our Bristol rods and hook- 
ing on a minnow, we made the first 
of the day. For myself, I can scarcely 
wait until I get my line over the first time. 
There is a feeling about the first cast that 
I never lose, even after having fished 
many years. The bait slowly sank in the 
clear water, while we both stood read;, 
the first fish ; but he did not arriv We 
moved the boat and tried again, with no 
better sum SS. Not a bite could we get. 
Again we made a change and that time 
found some fish. First »he Mrv hooked a 
lively one, that put a beautiful curve into 
the little Bristol, while the slender line 
cut through the water in a way to delight 
the heart of any angler. The little lady at 



1S7 



188 



RECREATION. 



the reel end of the rod, however, knew 
her business, and played the fish until after 
a short fight we put him in the boat. Then 
I had one and then another. The Mrs. 
was keeping up her end too, and together 
we had 16 fish when they stopped biting. 
No1 another one could we get. Lifting the 
anchor and taking the oars we again put 
out our spoons, and keeping in 6 or 8 feet 



of water we rowed clear around the lake. 
We took 6 fish in making the circuit. 
These made 2\ in all, and we put back to 
camp, tired and hungry. A luncheon and a 
short rest made us all right, however, and 
we returned to town. We had had no rec- 
ord fishing, but the whole trip was a 
novelty and a pleasure. The fishing was 
an excuse for it. 



CAPTAIN JOE MUFFRAU. 

H. W. BRADLEY. 

Wot's dat you'll hask? Wot's dat you'll But she hain' do some good. We was 



sa\ 



wreck on de shore. 



Did I know Joe Muffrau? Well! a good We'll walk h'out h'on de bank an' pass 

many day. Baltimore. 

Ah know two Joe Muffrau. Wan of it is Ah was sail hon de lak' wit hole' Capitaine 

name Pete. Joe, 

Capitaine Joe Ah'll s'pose ees de wan you Hon de hole' Julie Plante, wen she's wreck' 

meet. - down below ; 

Ware he was born Ah don't know, but Hup to hole' Mackinac hon de hole' Julie 

respec' Plante, 

Eet was hon Canadah, down behine Quebec ; Capitaine Joe take hout, w'en somebody 



But she's leeve hon dees State, sail de 

Lak' 'Uron shore, 
Lak' San Clair, Hanchor bay, down to 

Baltimore. 

REFRAIN. 

Joe Muffrau was de stronges' man 
Dat hever was leeve hon Michigan. 
W'en she's strike hon de air de bes' he can 
De win' off hees fis' would kill a man. 

W'en we pass hon de lak' de win' bloaw 

from de heas' 
Bimeby she bloaw more, w'ip de watter 

laike yeas'. 
We was load wit' hooppole, tan bark an' 

cord h'wood. 
We try to make Swan creek de bes' wot we Joe was maken't heemself molasses alc'hol, 

could. An' some more kin' of stuff 'e haint tell 

"Tfow de h'ank!" Capitaine yell. "She's it hall. 

got no cabil !" Ah say. Wan day 'e was dry. hees tongue was laike 

"Trow he hout," said Muffrau; "She'll do fur; 

some good hanyway." 'R'll jus' drink hit hall, hees bar-om-e-ter. 



can t. 
We sail close de shore, we strike hon san' 

bar ; 
De night ut was dark, we han't see wan 

star, 
Cap Joe, he's jump hout. Am'm tell dees 

a fac', 
He push san' bar an' boat hout into de 

lak'. 

Hall dose odder skipper, dey'll come to 

hask Joe, 
"Eas she goin' for storm?" "Wat you 

tink boaut she's bloaw.'' 
Cap Joe says, "Stay here, eets no use for 

stir," 
Ah jus' had a look hat my bar-om-e-ter. 



Mr. Newly wed — How dare you swear 
before my wife? 

Indignant Chauffeur — How was I to 
know your wife wanted to swear first? — 
New Yorker. 



BAITING A BEAR. 



WILLIAM J. LAMPTON. 



''I never was much of a hunter for ani- 
mals,'' said the retired prospector, "but I 
have hunted for more mines than would 
l>uy all the millionaires in America if they 
had panned out right; and I am here to 
say it is about as dangerous kind of hunt- 
ing as going after tigers with popguns, un- 
less a man knows his business mighty well. 
There's danger of starvation, of freezing, 
of drowning, of falling over precipices, of 
running against wild animals and wilder 
men. It's no bed of roses, this business of 
prospecting. Every prospector, who knows 
what's what, carries a good supply of mor- 
phine, so if he happens to break his leg 
somewhere beyond civilization, or runs out 
of chuck and can't get to a new supply, 
he can just swallow some dope and go to 
sleep for keeps. It's easier than to lie flat 
on your back and let the wolves eat you. 

"I've had my share of experiences, and 
since you fellows have been telling bear 
stories, I'll tell you what happened to me 
in the Rocky mountains. I had been nos- 
ing around where there were signs of met- 
al, and was alone, because I thought I 
was sure to find it and wanted an 
undivided interest in the find. I had a gun 
along, of course, but I was always care- 
less about guns, and sometimes I'd get in- 
terested in my work and leave the gun 
standing against a tree while I went pok- 
ing around for signs. 

"One day I found something promising, 
and got out my pick and went on the chase 
for it. I hadn't located it up to the time 
I ran into a grizzly bear that looked as big 
as an elephant. The weather was getting 
or. Id, and I thought the bears had retired 
for the winter, but I guess I was mistaken. 
Maybe this one had got caught out in the 
cold against his will. Anyway, there he 
was and there I was, and he looked as if 
he hadn't had a meal of victuals since ber- 
ries were ripe. He made for me, and T 
went up the nearest tree, which wasn't 
nearly so high as I would have wished; but 
a grizzly can't climb, so I was safe enough 
for the time. If I'd had my gun I'd have 
had fun with that bear, but the blamed 
gun was around the hill, resting against 
a big stone, as harmless as a crowbar. 

"It was getting toward the shank of the 
evening, and I thought when night came 
on, tlie bear would trek for home, so I 
made myself as comfortable as circum- 
stances would permit and waited for my 
chance to go, too. But it didn't come. 
The moon came out shortly after dark, 
and it was so light that I guess the bear 



didn't know what time it was. Whether 
he did or not, he staid at the foot of the 
tree watching me. At first he had ripped 
off the bark in wild attempts to get at me, 
but as time wore on, he wore out and -set- 
tled down to a quiet life. In the mean- 
time I began to get cold, and then a - 
deal colder, but the bear, cuddled up in his 
fur down below, didn't seem to be suffer- 
ing much. Finally I got so cold and so 
cramped and tired hanging on to a limb 
not so thick as my arm, that it was all I 
could do to hold on at all. Then I was 
real scared, and I tried to scare the bear. 
But he wouldn't scare. He knew his busi- 
ness, and he was looking for fresh meat. 
At last it got to the point where I couldn't 
hold any longer, and I began to say my 
prayers before letting go and dropping into 
the grizzly's gizzard. At that moment I 
thought of my morphine. I had a bag of 
things I always carried over my shoulder, 
and there was a ball of twine in it, and 
with this I proposed to tie myself to the 
tree and swallow the morphine. Then, 
when I went to sleep, I wouldn't fall out. 
I didn't want that measly bear to get my 
remains, though I don't suppose he would 
have eaten much of me. 

"I was winding off the twine when a 
great idea presented itself. If the morphine 
would put me away, why wouldn't it do 
as much for the bear? Possibly he could 
take more, but I had enough in my inside 
pocket to kill 40 men. and that ought 
to do for a bear, even as big as a grizzly. 
The thought put new life into me. and I 
braced up. I had some dried meat and 
other eatables in my little bag. and I had 
the morphine in my inside pocket. 1 
out the meat, a piece not bigger than my 
ti-t. 1 out a hole in it and put in a tew 5 
grain pellets of the sleepy stuff. I had 
more, but I thought T would try that much 
for a starter. Then I tied the loaded meat 
to the string and let it down before the 
bear'-- nose. He was taking things easy at 
the time and the meat smell good to him. 
Instead of getting mad and rising up to 
paw holes in the tree, he sniffed a minute 
at the meat, made a grab at it and down it 
went 1 Suppose I might have played fish 
with him, by pulling on the other end iA 
the twine, but I wasn't feeling that way. 
I let the twine go, and, after shaking his 
head and pawing at his face, he got the 
string down where the meat was. Then he 
lay down again, with a look up my way. 
as if to say. 'When are you coming down?' 
"I could hang on a good deal better then, 



189 



190 



RnCRF.,lTIOX. 



and I took a new hold, and waited for the 
dope to act I didn't know the (h>>e for a 
bear, but I hoped I had given him enough. 
For an hour I waited, and then the bear 
began to show signs of languor. He 
stretched out sleepily, and at last tumbled 
over limp, as if he hadn't any more use 
for himself. I thought it was my time, 
and down the other side of the tree T went 
as fast as I could. The way I got out of 
that neighborhood was a caution to snakes. 



I ought to have been too stiff to make 
good time, hut the scare took all the stiff- 
ening (Hit of me, and 1 hustled like a cata- 
mount. I had sense enough to head for 
where my gun was, and 1 took that along. 
Next day 1 went hack, prospecting for 
hear. I got him. lie was deader than 
Julius Caesar, from which 1 have always 
suspected that 20 grains of morphine is an 
overdose for a grizzly." 




AMATEUR PHOTO BY J, E. TVLOR. 



AN EARLY MORNING SNOOZE. 



Winner of 16th Prize in Recreation's 8th Annual Photo Competition. 

Made with Eastman Kodak. 



Financier — I told me boss I couldn't af- 
ford to work for t'ree dollars a week. 

Merchant — What did he say? 

Financier — Said he hadn't noticed me 
tryin' to. — Judge. 



EARLY DAYS < ).\ THE YAKIMA. 



J. K. NEWTON. 



We had finished our work, and sitting 
in the dim light of the smoky lamp, we 
drifted into talk of early days. 1 was 
comparatively a tenderfoot, while Pard had 
come over the plains when a mere boy. 
We both owed our living to the Pacific 
railroad. He handled a big Klondike en- 
gine. I was known as the "cow coroner." 
To find how he had happened to hit a 
bunch of 3-year-olds on a straight track 
was what brought us together. 

"Things have changed mightily since I 
came out here in '72'' he said. "I don't 
recall much of the trip overland, though 
I have a vivid recollection of reaching our 
promised land, a beautiful spot on the 
Yakima, where it winds down Kittitas 
valley on its way to the Columbia. We 
worked hard putting up the log home, 
barn, hay skids and corral. There was 
timber without end. but it had all to be 
worked by hand. We had plenty of horses 
but of people there was only father, moth- 
er, 2 girls and T. However, we were all 
under cover, with plenty of hay for the 
stock, before snow covered the range. 

'There \va« much discussion as to what 
we should plant on the bottom land. It 
was finally decided to plant hops. That 
meant considerable preparatory work, 
principally splitting poles for the vines 
to run on. 

"When the hops were nearly ready to be 
gathered, the problem of who was to pick 
them presented itself. Tt seemed a ^tickler 
until it occurred to father that Indians 
might be utilized. There were many 
near, and with little effort a dozen or 
more were secured. They did the work 
well, living in their tepees a short distance 
from the hop field. I never tired of watch- 
ing them at work or lounging about their 
camp. I came to know them by name and 
as they came year after year I gradually 
mastered their tongue, until at 17 I spoke 
Yakima as well as the best of them. 

"About that time 2 Indians died ; one a 
small boy. the other an old man. That 
broke up the camp, as this tribe will not 
live where one of their number has died 
"The mother and father of the boy asked 
my father for permission to bury the body 
on our land. Tt was given. The burial 
to me seemed pathetic. Father read the 
burial service while we and a few Indians 
stood with bowed heads about the grave. 
After the interment the parents of the 
dead boy moved away, and I learned they 
had gone to the Big Water (Pacific). A 
year Jater they returned, tired and travel 



stained, and before eating or resting, they 
repaired to tin- little grave among the wil- 
lows. Lying on the ground they gave vent 
to their grief in tears and sobs. Two days 
and 2 nights they kept that up. ceasing at 
noon each day to break their fast on dried 
elk meat, washed down by river water. 

"Three years they returned to mourn 
beside the grave of their son; the fourth 
year they did not come, nor did I ever see 
them again. 

"I saw many strange ceremonies during 
my years on the ranch; the potlatch at the 
termination of the fall hunt, the salmon 
dance, the rain dance and many others. 
The actions of the Indians when one of 
their number fell sick were amusing. 
They used the sweat bath in the skin bo- 
then the sudden douche in cold water, ac- 
companied by the beating of drums and 
boards and the howling of the family. 

"It was during one of these treatments 
that a tall, giant Indian, who claimed to be 
a Umatilla from Oregon, said to me : 

"'These Iirdians are foolish. We have 
good doctor, he cure pretty near every 
time; use grass, rocks, roots. He cure 
me consumption, I have him 2 year. You 
don't believe, do you? Look!' 

"He drew off over his head his cheap 
cotton shirt, disclosing his brawny, muscu- 
lar breast marked with t, hideous circular 
scars. They were evenly placed, one on 
each side and one in the center. They 
were, perhaps. ^4 of an inch across, whitish 
in the middle, the edges red and angry 
looking. The adjacent flesh lay in creases 
and f<»lds, a sight to make one shudder. 

'* A'ou see.' said the Indian, 'he cure 
him that way. He get 11111 t, cottonwood 
root, dry, straight. He light um and 
smoke like cigar. When him good fire he 
push one here. ITe smoke hard and pu^h 
him hard ; pretty soon him go clear in. 
Then he make him squaw blow him hard. 
The doctor light him other one: pretty 
soon he go in, too, and squaw blow him. 
too. Pretty soon .1 squaw all blow him 
hard and smoke come out my mouth fast. 
Then I choke and go sleep: wake up in 
little while, pretty soon. Xe\t day doctor 
do him again. Then he say prettv 
1 get well. Da1 5 year ago. Umatilla, him 
never die consumption; doctor fix 'em all.' 
"Truly he was then a picture of health, 
and from appearance as far removed from 
disease as is possible to imagine. Hop 
picking over, he went the way he came 
I have never seen him since, nor have I 
ever heard of a similar cure " 



191 




AMATEUR PHOTO BY GEORGE HARTMANH. 

A GOOD CATCH. 
Winner of 15th Prize in Recreation's 8th Annual Photo Competition. 

192 



HOW SAM FLYNN WAS CURED < >F < )F FICF-SFFKING; 



JENNIE P. BUFORD. 



"You want to know how I got cured 
of orfis seekin'?" asked Sam Flynn, gulp- 
ing down his inclination to stammer with 
a mighty heave of his larynx. "Well, I'll 
tell you, ef you can stan' my stuttering,'' 
he said with a stress of sibilation not in- 
dicatable by type. 

"Sence I was er small boy I always hank- 
ered to hold an orfis, an' arfter I growed er 
man, an' see how comfortable people was 
what lived outer the public corncrib I jes- 
felt bound to git er public job. I knowed 
my stammerin' was agin my running' for 
orfis, but then I 'membered everyone had 
sumpin to pull him back. Besides, thar 
was er man up North what guaranteed I 
would never stammer so long ez I follered 
his advice, and all he wanted was $5. 

"I reasoned this er way : Ef I got an 
orfis I could afford to pay to get cured, 
so I made up my min' to run for the orfis 
of magistrate in my destric. 

" 'Fore the spring 'lection I zerted my- 
self uncommon. I sat up all night any 
time with sick neighbors; I took er class 
in the Sunday school ; an', for all I was 
born tired, I went to 3 log-rollin's. Arfter 
people foun' out I was goin' to run they 
was sholy kind. The encouragement they 
give me steadied me might'ly. Some of 
'em would come over an' hear me speak my 
speech I had ter make at the barbecue, an' 
they helped me so I could get it off 'ithout 
stuttering a stut 

"At larst I was 'lected by a majority of 3 
over that slick, likely nigger, Sol Stanback. 
This was er plenty, "for, 'lowin' 2 for cheat- 
ing, which is always claimed in this dees- 
trie, I felt purty safe that there would be 
no contest. Now. I thought, I can risk 
that $5 an' git cured an' serve my fellow- 
citizens all the better. I borrowed $5 from 
my wife's epp money, an' sent it off the 
night after 'lection to that feller up North 
what advertised that he could sho cure ef 
I'd do what he told me. Guarantee is a 



mighty big word, an' that feller said p'int- 
edly he'd guarantee a cure ef I'd sen' along 
$5. 'Twarn't more'n 3 days arfter I sent 
for my cure 'fore I had a ease to try. Twas 
that same slick nigger what had run agin 
me; he was up for iightin' another nigger. 
I allers will b'lieve 'twas a put up job, for 
nobody looked mad at all. 

"Somehow, I seemed to get natchally 
confused an' stuttery. Still, as I had noth- 
in' agin Sol for runnin' agin me, so I 
thought he oughtn't to have anything agin 
me for beatin' him. Sol sat lollin' in his 
seat, showin' no respec' whatever to the 
court, so I said, quiet an* composed, 'Stan' 
up,' lookin' plum' at him. 

"He sot stark still, an' laughin' imperti- 
nent, he says, 'My name ain't Stan'up, it's 
Stan'back.' 

" 'Stan' up and behave youself,' I said 
again ; but I stuttered tumble this tinn 
I was gettin' mad. Then he says, 'Ef you 
talkin' to me, you call me by my right 
name,' and' he jes' wallered in his seat to 
make me madder. 

"By this time I was bilin' an' I far'ly 
roared out to him, 'Stanback!' Would you 
b'lieve it, that nigger jumped up so sudden 
an' so straight that he tuk 'way all my 
senses? Thar I stood, savin', 'Stan' — 
Stan' — Stan' ' — an' I couldn't get any fur- 
ther. All of er sudden 1 got giddy like 
an' didn't know any m<>re. When I come 
to, I was at home, fcelin' pretty weak. That 
night I got my letter from the feller what 
was to cure my stutterin'. My han's 
fumbled. I was so anxious to get cured an' 
get even with that impident Sol Stanback, 
but I got it open somehow. The letter 
looked mighty light an' no 'count, but I had 
the guarantee on him an' I frit right safe. 
Your dicsurnery ain' got the words in it 
I said when I read this ftabbergastin' ad- 
vice : 

"'Keep your duni mouth shct."' 



Stranger (overtaking native) What'sthe 
matter here? Every house for the last 10 
miles is closed, and you're the first pei 
I've seen. Got the plague here? 

Native (whipping up his horse) X 
Autymobilc race ter-morrer. an' we're git- 
tin' out o' danger. Gedup ! — Judge. 
193 



THE TRUMPETER SWAN. 



ALLEN BROOKS. 



This, the largest and noblest of American 

game birds, is now rarely found East of the 
Mississippi valley. Westward to the Pacific 
coast it is more common, in some localities 
being much more numerous than its smaller 
congener, the whistling swan. From the 
latter species it can always he distinguished 
by its greater size, and the absence of yel- 
low on the bill of the adults. 

The breeding range of the trumpeter 
swan extends from Northern British Co- 
lumbia to far North of the Arctic circle. 
In August the old birds lose all the llight 



tone. It can be heard at an astonishing 
distance, though when close to the birds it 
does not sound extremely loud. 

I have found the trumpeter a far more 
difficult bird to call than the whistling swan, 
probably due to the call of the trumpeter 
being more difficult to imitate. 

Trumpter swans take an astonishing 
amount of killing. 1 have known them, 
several times, to fly right away with 30 
caliber soft nose bullets through them. To 
kill them with shot is difficult, 1 have 
found it best to use No. 2 or 3, and shoot 




TRT 7 MPF.TF.TC SWAY. OLOR BUCCINATOR. 



feathers by moult, and can then be run 
down and captured. In Southern British 
Columbia the trumpeter arrives about the 
end of October, frequenting certain locali- 
ties year after year, and remaining through- 
out the winter as far North as open wat el- 
and suitable feeding grounds occur. The 
flocks generally are composed of one or 2 
pair- of adults and double that number of 
gray plumaged young. Where numerous, 
the flocks do noi mix excepl when feeding. 
When put up they fly away in separate 
strings, following their respective leader-. 

The note of the trumpeter swan IS a low- 
pitched, hornlike call, with a decided nasal 



at the head. The larger sizes of shot more 
generally used, seldom penetrate sufficiently 

to kill, and their pattern is too scant to try 
at the head. 

When properly roasted, trumpeter swans 
are delicious eating, except probably the 
oldest birds. 

The head and neck feathers are generally 
much stained wiih a golden rusty tipping, 
no doubt caused by water impregnated 
with iron. The iris is dark brown; bill 
and feet in the adult are black, in the young 
brownish, or grayish, irregularly marked 
with yellowish flesh color. 



194 



HOW I LOST MY GUN. 



OTTO VOX STOCKHOUSEN. 



A few years ago I saw an offer in Recre- 
ation of a single barrel shot gun as a pre- 
mium for 10 subscriptions to Recreation'. 
and being a boy 15 years old this offer, of 
course, annealed to me. I went out among 
my friends and soon got the subscriptions 
necessary to secure the prize. I sent them 
in, and in due time the gun arrived. It was 
a beaut}-, and I was eager to try it on game. 
As soon as the ducking season opened I 
started with a friend for Pcwaukee, where 
we arrived early in the morning. We ate 
our breakfasts as quickly as possible and 
were out on the lake a little after sunrise. 

Game was scarce, but I was fortunate 
enough to get a mallard with the first shot 
I ever made at a bird on the wing. You 
may imagine how rapidly my head grew in 
size. 

We had fairly good shooting during the 
forenoon, and after dinner I was anxious to 
go out again. My friend at first declined, 
saying he preferred to rest a while; but he 
finally yielded to my persuasion, and we 
started, that time in 2 boats. 

I followed the shore of the lake some dis- 
tance and finally got one teal. Then I 
pushed into a cove among the rushes, hoping 
to jump other birds. A big mallard got up. 
I dropped my paddle, picked up my gun and 
let go at him. He had passed me so far 
that when I fired I lost my balance, and in 
order to save myself I dropped my gun. the 
hr>t and only one I had ever owned ! A 
few air bubbles that came up showed where 
it had gone, and my heart sank within me as 
if it had suddenly turned to lead. I called 
lustily for help but none came. I began 
fishing for the gun with my paddle, but the 
water was 5 feet deep, and though I could 
occasionally touch the gun I could not raise 
it. 

Finally my friend heard one of my yells 
and came to my assistance as fast as 
sible. He thought I had fallen overbosrd 
and was about to drown. 

A- soon as he came within hailing dis- 
tance he asked what was the trouble. 

"I've lost my gun." 

"Is that all?" 

"Yes, that's all. Isn't that enough to 
kill anybody? - ' 



By that time he was alongside and began 
fishing for the gun with his paddle, which 
fortunately was longer than mine. !!<• 
located the gun. and said if he could only 
get his paddle under the muzzle he thought 
he could raise the gun. lie worked a long 
time without success, and finally advised me 
to undress and dive for the gun. but that 
was late in October, and the water was al- 
most ice cold. However. I took off my coat, 
vest and shoes and started, but when I put 
one foot in the water I weakened. Then 
the boss continued his efforts to raise the 
gun. Finally he said, 

"I have it. it's coming." 

Sure enough, the muzzle came slowly in 
sight, but was still 2 feet beneath the sur- 
face of the water. When he got it up as 
far as he could I made an eager grab for it. 
but just before I reached it. though I 
thrust my arm in up to my shoulder, the 
gun slipped and went back. 

Then another long course of prodding, 
praying and trying. At length the coveted 
muzzle again came in sight, and the boss 
said. 

"Now then, Otto, go after it easv this 
time." 

I waited as patiently as possible until 
the gun stood upright and the muzzle was 
within about 18 inches of the surface. Then 
I reached down slowly and carefully and 
finally succeeded in grasping the steel tube. 
I uttered a yell that would have frightened 
a wooden Indian, but I landed my gun in 
the boat all right. 

All that time the cold October wind had 
been blowing through my shirt and skin 
and was chilling my bones. I had not real- 
ized it. but when the trouble was over I 
vered that I was nearly frozen. I 
jerked on my coat and vest, caught up my 
paddle, and pulled for the shore as fasl a*< 
I could drive the boat. When the bow- 
struck the ground, I made a jump and lit 
out down the trail for the house, touching 
only the high placi 

When I thawed out. I took the gun apart, 
cleaned and dried it thoroughly, oiled it. 
put it together again and it was just as 
d a-; new. 



"Your salary isn't enough to support my 
daughter, sir.' 

"I'm glad you've conic to that couch: 
so early, sir." — Detroit Free l 1, 

'95 




AT THE LANDING AT CAMP COQUINA. 




AMATEUR PhOTOS by freme rohebouch 



OX THE RIVER, LOOKING FROM CAMP COQUINA. 



SIGNS OF SPRING 



E. C. M. RICHARDS. 



When the ice has started melting, 

And the snow is almost pone ; 
When the skunks have started matin?. 

And the trout begin to spawn : 
When the geese come honking Northward, 

Over valley, hill and fen; 
When the woodchuck leaves his burrow, 

And the chipmunk leaves his den ; 



Then the old grey bearded woodsman, 

With his rifle and his traps, 
And his old. but knowing, mongrel hound, 

All cut and scarred from scraps, 
Leaves his cosy winter quarters, 

Nestled close beneath the hill, 
And starts his muskrat trapping, 

By the river, brook, and rill. 



196 



THE DISSOLUTION OF ABIJAH DUSENBURY. 



DR. G. A. MACK. 



From far above the timber line, the snow- 
born Occamo comes, in puny turbulence, to 
seek tranquillity in the Columbia and ulti- 
mate Nirvana in the broad Pacific. It 
reaches the evergreen scrub a brawling 
little torrent, leaping sheer cliffs, boiling 
furiously around obstructing boulders. In 
the timber it broadens beyond the leap of 
the most agile deer. Though foam-flecked 
always, its waters flow in ever lengthening 
reaches from ledge to ledge, pausing a mo- 
ment in the deep pool at the foot of each 
fall to gather energy for another rush. 

The trees of the second growth forest 
through which it speeds are already large 
enough to tempt the lumberman. Soon they 
will follow the great conifers that shad- 
owed the stream when the Wenatchee range 
was a fastness for the warriors of the 
Lummi. Here and there, standing for the 
most part on inaccessible cliffs that saved 
them from the ax, giant pines still lift 
their age-gnarled branches. The tallest of 
these pines can view, beyond the woodland 
and beyond an ever widening champaign, 
the shimmer of the sea. 

What they may no longer behold, is the 
wood life of their prime. The last bear 
and mountain lion of this region exist only 
as moth-eaten pelts. The deer are gone, 
save an occasional fugitive driven into the 
valley by a pack of hounds or string of 
howling beaters. A few grouse remain, 
but they no longer strut and dust them- 
selves in the disused lumber roads. They 
keep to cover ; for the market is not far, 
and they have learned their value. 

Yet to that stream there came, one sum- 
mer day, 2 men. One, long limbed and 
ramshackly, carried a scap net and an emp- 
ty feed bag. The other, a chunky, red 
faced chap, carried himself only, but with 
an air of might. 

"I tell you, Cal," he was saying, "this 
rod-and-line business makes me tired. The 
feller's a fool that will wade all day for 
a few fish." 

"But, 'Bijah," returned the tall one, 
''we'll have walked all day by the time we 
get home." 

"Mebbe," said Abijah ; "but by night 
you'll have all the load you want to tote." 

"They say a feller at Moquash got his 
arm blown off last week," remarked Cal 
dubiously. 

"Then he didn't understand himself," re- 
plied Abijah. "I've played this trick before 
and know how to do it. We'll start in the 



big pool by the dead pine, and then try 
higher up." 

Reaching the pool, the men sat down to 
rest. Pipes were filled and lit, and the 
tall man passed a flask to his companion, 
after taking a pull at it himself. 

"We must go light on this," said the 
chunky one, with an appreciative smack; 
"you'll need it going home." 

Presently he produced from his pockets 
2 things like hypcrtrophied firecrackers. 
Observing that he handled them rather gin- 
gerly, his friend rose suddenly and walked 
along the ledge, as though to view the 
stream. This maneuver did not escape the 
red faced man; his eyes twinkled. 

"Come here," he cried, "and sit down 
while we arrange this thing." 

Cal turned and came toward him — not 
too near, however — and remained standing. 
Abijah chuckled. 

"Pooh !" he said, "when you've bust as 
many of these as I have, you won't be 
afraid of 'em. Now you go down the 
creek to the first riffle. All the trout we 
knock silly will float down there and you 
can gather them in with a net. Never 
mind the small ones. When you get there, 
holler. Then I'll chuck in the sudden 
death and let her zin." 

"All right," said Cal, evidently relieved at 
his assignment, and he disappeared in the 
direction of the riffle. Soon his voice an- 
nounced that he was on guard. 

The red faced man went to the edge of 
the rock overhanging the water. There he 
put one of the bombs in his pocket, short- 
ened the fuse of the other and. lighting it. 
tossed it deliberately into the center of the 
pool. Then he turned to run. In doinf 
he stepped on a pebble and it rolled under 
his foot. He lost his balance, and. wildly 
flourishing his arms, fell headlong into the 
water. His splash was followed almost in- 
stantly by a muffled explosion, with a pe- 
culiar dual quality of sound. A great 
white column rose from the brook, hov- 
ered an instant above the tree tops, and fell 
back into the pool with a sullen roar. 

Down the single street of the hamlet of 
Blagden came, that night, a man. tall and 
loose jointed. The moon shone on his 
flushed face and lighted his eyes with a 
vitreous sheen. The limber eccentricities 
of his gait were greater than could be ac- 
counted for even by his shambling build. 
In one hand he had a long handled 
net ; in the other, a partly filled bag, which 



197 



198 



RECREATION. 



he carried with care well away from his 
legs. Occasionally he used the net handle 
to arrest his little involuntary excursions to 
one or the other side of the road. Coming in 
this devious fashion to the village store, 
then closed for the night, he stopped and 
looked about. He laid the bag and the net 
on the stoop, and. with a weary sigh, seat- 
ed himself between them. For a time he 
sat motionless and silent, thinking deeply. 
Finally he raised his head, and, with a 
wide, inclusive gesture, addressed a row of 
pickle barrels. 

"Come." he said, "lesh reason 'bout thisfa 
thing. Puts me in mosh embarrashin' po- 
shition. Me an' 'Bijah Dusenbury went 
fishin'. There was a 'splosion, an' 'Bijah, 
wishout statin' any teshtamentary wishes, 
went to that bright bourne where they don't 
need punk. 

"Now, ish my bounden duty," he con- 
tinued, with a sidelong glance at the bag, 



"to take thesh few rcmainsh eisher to cor- 
oner or to bereaved family. If 1 go coroner 
he'll shay, 'whersh resh of 'im? Howsh 
jury goin' formulate theory on thish mea- 
ger data? If thish is 'Bijah, who'sh goin' 
know what killed him? IVaps you poi- 
shoned thish man ; pr'aps thash why didn't 
bring his stomach.' 

"An' if 1 take 'Bijah's relics to his relict, 
it'll be worsh yet. Howsh she goin' put his 
besht black suit on 'im? Howsh mourners 
going press kish on pallid lips of departed 
or drop tear on's alabaster brow, when 1 
couldn't fin' his durn ole head? Howsh 
they goin' put hie facet over's ashes, lesh 
they dynamite a tombstone factory? 

"Nosher thing; lesh 'Bijah begins get 
himself togesher d'rectly, he's bound de- 
lay the reshurrection !" 

And. wagging his head dolefully, the tall 
man resumed his burdens and his way. 



PORTRAITS OF A NEIGHBOR. 



Enclosed I send you photographs of a 
little wren that built a nest near our house. 
When I first tried to 
take the photos the 
wrens w e r e m U c h 
afraid of the camera. 
I put a black cloth 
over the camera and 
stood quietly by the 
tripod until the wren 
came to the post to 
see what was taking 
place. Several times 
I practiced this until 
one bright morning, 
with stop No. 6, 1-50 
second, medium plate, 
do 1 see A worm ! I took both of the 




photographs. T made 
6 exposures before I 
succeeded in getting 
one print that would 
develop clear. I tried 
first to use the back 
combination of the 
lens, but the subject 
being so close and the 
plate so far from the 
lens it was under ex- 
posed. 

W. S. Olcutt, 
Lyndon, Kas. 




AMATEUR PHOTOS BY 

W. S. OLCUTT. 

GRACE AFTER MEAT. 



A girl in the arms is worth 2 in the 
push. — Life. 



"You never applaud at a concert." 
"No," answered Mr. Cumrox. "If I en- 
joy a piece well enough to applaud it, I 
know it isn't the sort of music mother and 
the girls would approve of my applauding." 
— Washington Star. 



ON A RUSSIAN RIVER. 



BARON PAUL TCHERK 



The remarkable retlection of a brid 
appearing in the September issue of Rec- 
reation', reminds me of a similar case of 
perfect reflection, a photograph of which 

1 mail you herewith. This was taken on 
the river Kama, in August. 180X It is 
nothing to boast of in technique, and not 
to be compared with Mr. Burritt's produc- 
tion, but it was taken under peculiar con- 
ditions of light, etc. 

In the early part of August, 1808, I was 
on my return journey from the Altai dis- 
trict of Siberia, where I had spent nearly 

2 months. Branching off at Tcheliabinsk 
toward Yekaterinburg and Perm, we had 
to travel all the time through large tracts 
of forest, some parts of which were ablaze. 
The scene, at night, was weird and grand 
beyond description, but made one's heart 
ache for the forests thus devastated. At 
Perm we left the rail and took the splen- 
did steamer Berezniky, of the Lubimov 
line of steamers, for Nijni-Novgorod. 
The weather' was glorious, and I spent 
most of the 24 hours on the promenade 
deck, breathing the balmy air wafted from, 
the pine clad slopes of the high right bank. 
The scenes of destruction, the reek of the 
fires, were forgotten till we neared the 
mouth of the White river, Belaya. There 
the air was laden to such an extent with 
the smoke of distant forest fires that the 
sun stood out like a dull, orange 
disc; so dull, in fact, that one could look 
at it with little inconvenience, as at the 
moon. 




AS IN A LOOKIN'G GLASS. 

The surface of the river was perfectly 
calm; not a ripple, not a breath of air; 
not a sound beyond the throbbing of the 
steamer's engines and the churning of her 
powerful wheels. Of a sudden, from be- 
hind a bend of the bluff on the left bank, 
another steamer appeared, going up stream 
and keeping close to the left bank. Her 
reflection in the water struck me as excep- 
tionally clear and fine, and I risked a snap 
shot at her, while our steamer was tearing 
along, full speed, toward her in her course 
down stream. 



<*rr 



A small boy in a Pennsylvania school 
produced the following as his contribution 
to the closing exercises in English com- 
position: "King Henry VIII. was the 
greatest widower that ever lived, lie was 
born at a place called Annie Domino, and 
had 51 wives. besides children and 
things. The first was beheaded and after- 
ward executed, and the second was re- 
voked. Henry the eighth was succeeded to 
the throne by his great grandmother, the 
beautiful Mary Queen of S metimes 

called the Lady oi the lake, or the Lay oi 
the last Minstrel."— The Pilot 



AVATI.R PHOTO BY WM. M F S«ER. 



RIGHT ON THEM. 

Winner oi 19th Prize in RzcKKATiotf'a sth An- 
nual Competition. hffade with Eastman 

lak. 



An optimist falling from a 10th story 
window, called out cheerfully as he p. 
each story, going down, "All right so tar!" 
— Exchange. 



199 



r.RISTLEn.U/KS IX THE YOSEMITE VALLEY. 



It remained for a trio of anglers, Claude Shafer, 
Gus Gobel and Harry Edell, the latter a well 
known sportsman of this city, to shatter one of 
the traditions woven about the trout fishing in 
the Yosemite Valley. 

For years sportsmen have seldom caught more 
than one or 2 trout a day in the valley, but M< 
Shafer. Gobel and Edell were equipped with a 
knowledge of woodcraft and with skill as ang- 
lers. The trout were not rising to the fly during 
their recent visit, but they soon found what bait 
would tempt the shy fish from the deep pools. For 
2 weeks their daily catch averaged more than 80 
fish. These ranged in weight from half a pound 
to 2 pounds. After supplying their own table 
the remainder was distributed among friends who 



caught, as the streams were whipped to 
death by anglers for miles all through 
the valley. The water was clear, which 
made the fish shy. The enclosed picture 
shows you our last day's catch. 

Harry Edell, San Francisco. 

It would be interesting to know just how 
these men really did get their fish. If the 
stream in question was whipped to death, 
as Edell states, and if other men were get- 
ting only 2 or 3 trout a day, how could these 
chaps possibly make an average, in any 




GUS. GOBEL, BARRY EDELL, CLAUDE SHAFER, SAN FRAXCISCO. 



were enjoying a visit to the valley. — San Fran- 
cisco Call. 

To my inquiry regarding the truth of this 
report 1 received the following letter : 

San Francisco, Cal. 

We had great sport in the Yose- 
mite valley and it is true that we caught 
an abundance of trout, although we met 
any number of anglers with not over 2 or 3 
fish as the result of a day's work. We fished 
about 6 of the 10 days we spent in the val- 
ley and averaged over 80 a day, or over 500 
in all. We had to work for every one we 



legitimate way, of 80 fish to each man for 
the 6 days ? I have no doubt they got the 
fish, but every honest man who reads Edell's 
letter will wonder how they got them. Men 
who will slaughter fish at such a rate and 
then string them up and be photographed 
with them, would not hesitate to use a net 
or even a stick of dynamite occasionally; 
and although these men parade their fly 
rods and their fish baskets in the picture, 
suspicion will lurk in the mind of every 
reader of Recreation. 

Shafer's number in the fish hog pen is 
969, Edell's 970, and Gobel's 971. 



Aspiration -j- perspiration = inspiration. — 
Life. 



200 



MY TRIP TO WOOD'S CANYON. 



£ (Report of Edward Cashman to Captain Abercrombie, U. S. A.) 



I left Valdez October 18th with 4 com- 
panions, to recover 13 horses left in Wood's 
canyon. One of these men, Charles An- 
derson, made the trip from Sawmill camp, 
on Klutena river, to the soldiers' camp on 
Low river in l l / 2 days. We had 2 days' 
supplies. Our first stop was at Dutch 
camp on Low river. The second day we 
camped with the soldiers who were cutting 
trail. The trail from Valdez to their camp 
was good. The third day we left camp at 
8 o'clock and at 10:30 were on top of the 
divide. The trail up the divide was clear 
of brush, and on the top was level. On our 
left was a bluff and a small lake. 

We were about half way around the lake 
when we saw a bear. Going through the 
pass we saw another bear sitting on a rock. 
We arrived at the banks of a large river at 
one o'clock, and camped the rest of the day. 
We looked for some flour which the sol- 
diers told us was there, but found none. 
The next day we broke camp at 8 a. m., 
went down the valley 2 miles and started 
through a small canyon to our left. We 
broke through the ice several times, my 
boots getting full of water. Beyond the 
canyon we found a small glacier. It took 
us from 11 until 4 to cross it, traveling 
through 2 feet of snow, which was falling 
all the time. Beyond the glacier we entered 
a small valley, all rocks. We could go no 
farther, as it was dark. We walked around 
a large rock all night. At daylight we 
started out and at 10 o'clock found some 
wood. We built a fire to thaw out. It took 
half an hour to get my boots off, and I 
found all the toes of my left foot and the 
great toe of my right foot frozen. We 
rubbed them with snow and went on down 
the valley. It began to snow, and we could 
not see 10 yards. We traveled 4^4 hours, 
then came back to our camp fire again. 

About that time we concluded we were 
lost. In the morning we climbed the moun- 
tain, but could not see because of the thick- 
weather. Several days were lost in that 
way. One clear day while I was on the 
mountain I saw a large lake. I suggested 
that we go to the lake and find out where 
we were. We started down a stream which 
came from the glacier, crossed it and fol- 
lowed it several days, walking on the ice, 
as the stream was freezing. The streams 
freeze from the bottom, then from the side. 
In going down we saw tracks of bears and 
wolverines in the snow, and found where a 
bear had been fishing for salmon. Both 
stream and lake were full of large snlmon. 
We saw 9 bears in the woods. It took us a 
jay to walk around the lake, when we 



struck what I recognized as the Quartz 
creek trail. We were so weak by that time 
we could hardly travel. When I told the 
boys we could get to the rapids in a day, 
it braced them up; but it took us V/ 2 days 
to get there. 

When we arrived at the camp the people 
could not do enough for us. Through the 
kindness of Dr. Townsend, who treated my 
toes, and Mr. Fishline, who gave us pro- 
visions, we were soon on our feet again. 
My companions stopped there and I left 
for Copper Center. We had been 8 days 
without eating. It had taken us 11 days 
to make the trip, but I could do it again in 
4. We kept too far to the Northwest. In 
my opinion a good trail can be made to 
Copper river via Low river. 

I left Copper Center November 1st with 
Jack Stewart and Joe Ham. We were 2 
days getting to Nicolai No. 2 wigwam, 
and stopped there 2 hours. 

We left Copper Center Monday. The river 
was full of mush ice. Wednesday we 
stopped at the mouth of Tonsena river to 
deliver a letter to Mr. Fritts, who was win- 
tering 12 horses there. We had a hard time 
on account of cold and ice. Friday we were 
caught in the ice jam, and our boat was 
lifted 8 feet in the air. We had to use the 
seats of the boat for snow shoes to reach 
a shoal 100 yards from us, as the ice was 
not solid enough to hold us. We camped en 
the shoal and at 3 the next morning were 
awakened by the ice moving. We were 
like rats in a trap. Our boat was gone and 
the ice was moving all around us. It piled 
up, cake on cake, 15 feet high in the middle 
of the river. It was forced up on the shoal 
and stopped within 3 feet of our tent. At 
daylight the ice stopped moving and was 
solid enough to walk on. 

Some Indians came over and helped us 
pack what was left of our stuff to the bank 
of the river, which there was about 
2 miles wide. We were almost opposite 
Kotsena river. It took us till Monday 
morning to pack our goods to where we 
found the horses. Nine were alive and 3 
dead, and one was missing. We found 
him later on the river flats. One leg 
was broken and his tongue hung from 
his mouth, which was fro/en shut. 
We shot him. Stewart and I left 
Ham to watch the horses and went down to 
Wood'^ canyon to find a crossing to Taral. 
The Chittyna river was about one mile above 
and was open as far is we could 
see. We found a place where the ice had 
jammed, crossed to Taral and found the 
old squaw of whom you bought fish when 



201 



202 



RECREATION. 



we went down the river. She remembered 
me. There was also a buck who had iust 
come up from Algonick. We could scarcely 
make them understand what we wanted. 
When we asked for the saddles they thought 
we meant Seattle. They could sabe San 
Francisco and Seattle, but not saddles. 
The Indian whose cache they occupied lived 
at the mouth of the Chittyna, and as he 
had the cabin locked and was away, we had 
to wait. 

We took the Indian who was at Taral, 
and tried to cross to the horses, but the 
ice was gone and there was no way to get 
across. The Indian invited us into his 
shack and we were glad to go, as it was 
extremely cold and we had left our blank- 
ets on the other side. This Indian cmld 
talk good English, as he had worked at 
Eyack in the summer. The Indians treated 
ns well. They brought out their chinaware 
and gave us beans, fruit, bacon, tea, sugar, 
lard for butter, and baking powder bread. 
They also had boiled salmon. The old 
squaw, in honor of having white men in her 
shack, put on her best sack, made of a 
red handkerchief. She was prouder of it 
and her chinaware than white women are of 
their sealskins and silver. We slept that 
night on the floor, rolled in a moose skin. 
For breakfast we had beans, tea, berries, 
and their last piece of bacon. After break- 
fast the old woman took the platter from 
which we had eaten beans and licked it 
clean. She then boiled some salmon and 
had her own breakfast. She offered us 
some, but we declined. When we were 
ready to start she fell over herself trying 
to thank us for sleeping in her house. She 
said, "Tanks, tanks! White man hi-yu; yon 
good white man sleep here," etc. She would 
not let us thank her or give her anything. 

We had to go down about 3 miles from 
Taral in Wood's canyon before finding a 
crossing. The Indian with us had never 
seen a horse. He saw the one we shot and 
wanted to know if we would "pot catch 
hima" the skin. We did so, I letting him 
have my knife to skin it with. He stopped 
with us that night, unwillingly, as, for some 
reason, they do not like to visit this side 
of the river. We helped him pack the 
horse skin and by the time we reached 
Taral the other Indian had returned from 
Chittyna. He gave us 4 pack saddles, 2 
riding saddles. 14 halters, one saddle bag, 
2 bridles and a lot of rope. They helped us 
pack them to the other bank, but would not 
go up where the horses were. When we 
the Indians good bye, they asked 
whither we were going. We told them up 
to the Tasnuna. They said we could not, as 
it was "hi-yu rock and 5 sleep." They would 
take nothing from us, because we had so 
little ourselves. They told us to come hack 
to them if we were short of grub and they 



would supply us. They said, "White mat) 
ha-lo muck-a-muck. Indian hi-yu muck-a- 
muck. One moon hi-yu cold white man no 
muck-a-muck. Indian potlatch hi-yu muck- 
a-muck. One moon hi-yu cold, hi-yu wind, 
white man die'" ; which we found nearly 
right. 

We had hard work to catch the horses, 
as they were half wild. Built a rope cor- 
ral and got them in it, but they broke 
through 3 times. We then felled trees and 
built a log corral and drove them in. We 
had to pen them in a corner and pile logs 
around them before we could get the halt- 
ers on. We then started down the river, 
but the horses could not walk on the ice. 
They kept breaking through and slipping. 
We started over the hills, but after 10 days 
hard traveling had to turn back, as the 
country was full of canyons running at 
right angles to Wood's canyon. By that 
time all our supplies were gone, except one 
pot of beans. We used to stay up at night 
to do our cooking, as the days were so short 
we did not have time to cook. It became 
dark about 2:30 p. m. and light about 8:30 
a. m. Every night we would secure a 
rope between 2 trees and then tie the horses 
on each side near the fire. When we pulled 
the halter of one of the horses he would 
pull back. Once a horse pulled back and 
fell on the fire and our last pot of beans. 
We could not get him up and had to pull 
the fire out from under him. He was badly 
burned around the legs. We lost our beans 
and had to go hungry that day and the 
next until we came to an Indian shack 
where they gave us salmon and tea. They 
did not have anything else. We slept in 
the shack. 

In going up the hill at Wood's canyon 
a horse caught his pack in the roots of a 
falicn tree and fell. He rolled over and 
over like a rubber ball. We heard him 
coming and had to hustle to keep out of 
his way. He went by us like a shot, heels 
over head. We thought he would be badly 
injured and took a gun down to shoot him, 
hut when we arrived at the foot of the 
hill he was standing drinking at a hole in 
the ice, his pack in place and not a scratch 
on him. The weather at that time was ex- 
ceedingly cold and growing colder. Our 
fingers and faces were frost-bitten. Then 
the horses began to give out. They would 
lie down and not get up. We lifted one 
up 4 times, but he could not go over 50 
yards before he would drop again. We 
were compelled to shoot 4 horses in one day. 
One brr^ke through the ice and we had to 
go hack to an Indian shack to get an axe 
to cut the ice around him. We hitched 2 
horses to him and pulled him out. As soon 
as he got out he froze hard as a rock ; 

As the Indians up this part of the river 
were short of grub we cut this horse up 



MY TRIP TO WOOD'S CANYON. 






and lived on him for 4 days till we arrived 
at the Tonscna, where Mr. Fritts made us 
stop 2 days to rest and thaw out. He told 
us it was 35 and 40 degrees below zero. We 
had 3 horses and a mule, but had to shoot 
one horse there, as it could go no farther. 
Mr. Fritts treated us very kindly, giving us 
all the flour he could spare. He was short 
himself and as his cache was at Copper 
Center he could not give us much. We had 
lost all track of time. He told us it was 
about a week before Thanksgiving. 

We left there with 2 horses and the mule. 
We packed our grub on one horse and our 
bedding on the other horse and the mule. 
The first day in going down a hill from the 
Tonsena, Stewart led a horse half way 
down, when the mule slipped and rolled 
down on him, knocking him and the horse 
over. All 3 went to the bottom together, 
but without damage. The other horse 
turned and ran back on the trail, scatter- 
ing our grub and what was left of the 
horse meat. I headed him off 3 times, but 
he dodged me and got away. We found the 
most of our grub. The horse meat we could 
not find. It was a very cold day and the 
night was much colder. We made Nicolai 
No. 2's house at dark and were glad enough 
to sleep there. The next night we camped 
at an abandoned Indian shack. When we 
stopped we were so cold we could hardly 
light a fire. My moustache and whiskers 
were frozen solid and as my mouth was 
open I could not speak until we started a 
fire and thawed out. 

The next day we had nothing to eat ex- 
cept 2 flapjacks, made of flour and water. 
At night we built a big fire. It was so cold 
we did not go to sleep, being afraid we 
would freeze. We had 8 large trees ablaze. 
Stewart froze his legs sitting on a log, 
and my heels froze. The next day we had 
half a flapjack each, and only flour enough 
left for another in the morning. The night 
was colder than the previous one. We built 
2 fires and stood between them. About 4 
o'clock in the morning we were half asleep 
when we heard a noise among the camp 
outfit and looked out just in time to see 
the mule eating the last of our flour. We 
got nothing to eat for the next 2 days un- 
til we came to Stickman's house. The In- 
dians at that shack could not do enough for 
us. All they had was dried salmon and 
tea. They gave us all we could eat. They 
even tried to get the horses into the shack. 
We asked them how far it was to Copper 
Center. They said "halo sleep," meaning 
we could make it in less than a day. Wo 
were glad, as we were knocked out and the 
horses were in poor condition. We arrived 
opposite Copper Center Thanksgiving eve, 
and were obliged to leave the horses, as 
the Klutena river ice would not bear them. 
As it was, when we crossed, we broke 
through several times. When we got to Mr. 



Amy's cabin they told us it had been 65 
degrees below zero the last 3 nights. We 
ate supper at Mr. Amy's, then went to Mr 
Fishers cabin and had another good 
per. Then we went to the hotel and had 
another supper. Not withstanding this, we 
still felt hungry. The next day, Thanks- 
giving (and we felt thankful, too,) we 
took the horses over and left them in charge 
Mr. Flynn. 

We then started for the Rapids camp, 
arriving at 5:30 p. m. As our cache was 
at the Rapids, we stopped 4 days and filled 
up on all the good things they had to 
eat. We then started over the glacier 
after some grain. It took us 2 days to get 
to Twelve Mile camp at the foot of the 
glacier. Klutena lake was frozen over. 
From the upper end of the lake we broke 
trail on snow shoes, the snow being one to 
12 feet deep. When we arrived at Twelve 
Mile camp the snow was so soft we would 
sink to our hips at every step. We stopped 
at Saw Mill camp for dinner and to thaw 
our moccasins. In going from Saw Mill 
to Twelve Mile camp, 3 miles, Stewart froze 
his feet so badly he could not move the next 
day. The people at the camp were glad to 
see us. They heard we had gone down 
for the horses, and, as the weather was so 
cold and stormy, they did not expect to see 
us again. I stopped with Mr. Nolan, of 
Jefferson City, Missouri, who treated me 
kindly and cautioned us not to go over the 
glacier. He showed us a Norwegian 
named Evyan, who had frozen his feet try- 
ing to cross and whom Dr. Logan, who 
afterward lost his life trying to get 2 sick 
men out in February, was treating. Dr. 
Logan came in that evening and I helped 
him dress the frozen feet. He advised us 
not to try to go over the glacier. The 
doctor also treated Stewart's feet. The 
next day, while Stewart was resting, I 
started to go to the foot of the glacier, a 
distance of 4 miles. It took me 4 hours to 
go 200 yards. The snow was 14 feet deep, 
and was light and dry. I would sink to my 
waist at every step. When I returned to 
camp. Dr. Logan told me that he would 
not allow us to make the attempt if he had 
to stop and watch us. That night Evyan 
died. The next day Stewart and I hit the 
back trail, as we were afraid of getting 
caught in a snow storm. Every snowfall 
averaged 3 or 4 feet up there. It was well 
we started at the time, as the next day it 
began snowing and it was a week before 
anyone could get from Saw Mill to Twelve 
Mile. We went back to the Rapids and we 
moved our cache to Copper Center. 

Christmas day I parted with Stewart, who 
went np the river to Forty Mile. 1 stopped 
at Copper Center for a time and help 
friend up as far as Gakona river with his 
outfit. The weather at Christmas aver 
35 degrees below zero at Copper Center. 



204 



RECREATION. 



While I was up the river in January it 
dropped to 55 to 60 degrees. I froze my 
fingers and feet again. When I left Cop- 
per Center February 1st, there were a num- 
ber of men sick in the hospitals and cabins. 
It took me 5 days to get to Yaldez. I spent 
one night on the glacier at the fourth 
bench. The next morning I left there at 8 
o'clock in a snow storm. It was 6 when 
I arrived at Valdez. I reported to Charlie 
Brown, the Quartermaster, the next morn* 
ing. 

I left a mule and a horse at Copper Cen- 
ter. I also left 2 pack harnesses and 2 halt- 
ers. The mule died January 16th. The 
horse came over the glacier and is now at 
Valdez. I left all the other gear at Mr. 
Fritt's place on the Tonsena, as we were 
not able to carry it. Joe Ham. who went 
down with me, also stopped at that place. 

All the Indians whom we met down the 
river treated us most kindly. They would 
come 3 or 4 miles to meet us and invite 
us to their houses, where they would share 
their food with us. They make excellent 
tea by mixing a native leaf with English 
breakfast tea. They make their tobacco by 
rolling a piece of gunny sack in wood ashes. 
They prefer this to our tobacco. When- 
ever we went to their houses, they would 
seat us close to the fire and look us over. 
If our mittens or moccasins were torn, they 
would take them from us and repair them. 
Stewart's moccasins, which were worn out, 
were replaced by a new pair, made of moose 
hide in half an hour by a woman, who 
would take no pay from him. She seemed 
happy, however, when I gave her a large 
safety pin, such as we use in fastening 
horse blankets. Another night, after thev 
had repaired our stockings and mittens, I 
showed one of the Klutches where Ste- 
wart's trousers were torn. She wanted 
him to take them off so she could fix them, 
but he was bashful and would not do so. 
Before he realized it, 3 Klutches caught 
Stewart by the arms and held him while 
one pulled off his trousers. He yelled to 
me for help, but it was such a funny sight I 
could do nothing but laugh. The Klutch 
fixed the trousers in good shape and was 
well pleased when I presented her with 3 
old red handkerchiefs. We found them 
very pleasant and sociable. We would sing 
and they would sing. 

The Indians knew such songs as John 
Brown's Body, Marching Through Georgia, 
and A Hot Time in the Old Town. They 
had some cheap accordeons. Some of them 
had cast iron cook stoves, which they did 
not use, preferring the camp fire. The wo- 
men do all the work. No matter how often 
a buck goes out, he must have a cup of tea. 
When he returns, he eats first ; then the 
women. What is left is flung to the chil- 
dren and the dogs. I saw a child about 4 
years old fighting with a dog for a piece 



of dried salmon. One of the bucks got mad 
because I took the salmon from the dog 
and gave it to the child. They think more 
of their dogs than of their children. In 
cold weather the bucks live in stone houses, 
about 8x10, dug out and covered with logs 
and earth. You have to go in feet first, and 
once in with 10 or 12 naked Indians you 
are glad to get out. Their women sleep 
in the living room with the dogs and chil- 
dren. We always slept on top of the bench- 
es over the Klutches. The only Indian we 
found living like a white man was the one 
at Taral. All have their own chinaware 
and a box to keep it in. There are 8 or 10 
families in each shack. The Indian whose 
bench is on the right side of the camp fire 
as you enter, considers you his guest, and 
will feed you, but the one on the 
other side will not. All the bucks 
look like consumptives. The women, as 
a rule, look healthy. They wear but 
one garment, a long skirt, open at the breast 
or as far down as the waist, extending a 
little below the knees, and a pair of mocca- 
sins reaching above the knees. This is the 
dress of the women and children. The 
bucks dress in various styles, some with 
mackinaw cloths, picked out of the river, 
others with what white men give them. One 
buck had on 3 hats, one on top of the other. 
They all have 45-90 rifles and cheap 32 
caliber revolvers, but no cartridges for the 
latter. 

The uniform you sent with me was 
as good as a pass for us. All we did was 
to show it and ask for Nicolai, and they 
could not do enough for us. They wanted 
to know if McKinley was hi-yu white chief. 
Nicolai was 25 miles up the Chittyna river 
when I arrived at Taral. I gave the uni- 
form to the Indian who helped us over the 
river with the pack saddles. It was about 
4 sizes too small for him, but he managed 
to squeeze into it. The Indians at the 
mouth of Katsina river had some good 
pieces of copper, which they told me they 
got on the Katsina and Chittyna rivers. 

The country traveled through at Wood's 
canyon was rough, but well wooded, with 
large quantities of grass in places. When 
I left Copper Center, for Valdez, the snow 
was 39 inches deep. At the lake it was 5 
feet deep, at Twelve Mile camp 15 feet, and 
at the foot of the glacier I could not reach 
bottom. It must have been 20 feet deep. 
Compared with last winter, I found little 
snow on the glacier when I crossed it. 
Coming over the fourth bench the ice bridge 
was not covered. I broke through in one 
place between 2 ridges and found only 2 to 
3 inches of snow bridging the crevasse. I 
came out to Valdez with the same rig I had 
on at the Center, and felt the cold more 
than I did on the inside, yet they told me 
the lowest temperature at Valdez was 8 de- 
grees below zero. . — "• 



THE REGENERATION OE WINDY. 



CHARLES A. HARMON. 



Windy was the original Mr. Prevaricator 
from Dcceptionville. Nature had built him 
for a literary genius, but a rudimentary 
education jammed his cogs ; so, instead 
of committing his dreams to paper and 
taking the print line to fame, he became 
a mere vocal hot air jammer, without 
honor in his own community and habitually 
without the price. 

Concerning the usual affairs of life he 
was as truthful as the average ; that is, 
whenever he found a lie convenient, ex- 
pedient or necessary he told it circum- 
spectly and discreetly. His voluntary ef- 
forts at misrepresentation were confined to 
stories of hunting scrapes and tales of his 
own fearlessness. That was his specialty ; 
and, when pursuing it, he wore the prob- 
able to a frazzle and was a systematic, 
elaborate and enthusiastic liar. 

About 1885 there were more brindle 
wolves to the square mile in Oscoda coun- 
ty, Michigan, than on any other like area 
exposed to the weather. From sunset to 
sunrise, especially in the fall, the night was 
one long, hair-raising horror. The brutes 
nearly drove the deer out, sheep were a 
losing investment for the settlers, tree- 
roosting poultry never attained pot-pie ma- 
turity, and many a good hound fell a vic- 
tim to his wild brethren. More than one 
lonely land-looker and belated hunter dis- 
appeared in the dead of winter to be found 
the next spring, a mere heap of gnawed 
bones and shredded rags. 

Windy came up one fall with a party of 
hunters. They were met at Beaver lake 
by a settler who drove them across the pine 
barrens to the Ausable where they were 
to camp. It was Windy's first hunt in the 
wilderness, and his companions conspired 
with the settler to the end that the vital 
machinery of a defunct hog and a little bag 
of asafetida were tied by a long string to 
the reach of the wagon when they halted. 
at sundown, at Loon lake, to water the 
team. 

Windy was in his finest mood. He sat 
between the rear wheels on the grub box, 
his hat cocked up behind and pulled rakish- 
ly over his eyes. He absorbed quantities 
of red pepper whiskey. He took pot shots 
at squirrels and porkies and yearned for 
something less tame to transpire. In the 
course of things, it did. 

Away off to the right, a mile or more, 
a wail as o